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Jonas Münch, Gwendolyn Billig, Christian A Huebner, Trese Leinders-Zufall, Frank Zufall, Thomas J Jentsch
Ca2+-activated Cl- currents have been observed in many physiological processes, including sensory transduction in mammalian olfaction. The olfactory vomeronasal (or Jacobson's) organ (VNO) detects molecular cues originating from animals of the same species or from predators. It then triggers innate behaviors such as aggression, mating, or flight. In the VNO, Ca2+-activated Cl- channels (CaCCs) are thought to amplify the initial pheromone-evoked receptor potential by mediating a depolarizing Cl- efflux. Here, we confirmed the co-localization of the Ca2+-activated Cl- channels anoctamin 1 (Ano1, also called TMEM16A) and Ano2 (TMEM16B) in microvilli of apically and basally located vomeronasal sensory neurons (VSNs) and their absence in supporting cells of the VNO...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Wei Liu, Jian-Zhong He, Shao-Hong Wang, De-Kai Liu, Xue-Feng Bai, Xiu-E Xu, Jian-Yi Wu, Yong Jiang, Chun-Quan Li, Long-Qi Chen, En-Min Li, Li-Yan Xu
BACKGROUND: Oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the most malignant cancers worldwide. Treatment of ESCC is in progress through accurate staging and risk assessment of patients. The emergence of potential molecular markers inspired us to construct novel staging systems with better accuracy by incorporating molecular markers. METHODS: We measured H scores of 23 protein markers and analysed eight clinical factors of 77 ESCC patients in a training set, from which we identified an optimal MASAN (MYC, ANO1, SLC52A3, Age and N-stage) signature...
May 16, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
Bernard T Drumm, Tae S Sung, Haifeng Zheng, Salah A Baker, Sang D Koh, Kenton M Sanders
Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC-MY) are pacemakers that generate and propagate electrical slow waves in gastrointestinal (GI) muscles. Slow waves appear to be generated by the release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores and activation of Ca2+ -activated Cl- channels (Ano1). Conduction of slow waves to smooth muscle cells coordinates rhythmic contractions. Mitochondrial Ca2+ handling is currently thought to be critical for ICC pacemaking. Protonophores, inhibitors of the electron transport chain (FCCP, CCCP or antimycin) or mitochondrial Na+ /Ca2+ exchange blockers inhibited slow waves in several GI muscles...
February 1, 2018: Cell Calcium
Hyungsup Kim, Hyesu Kim, Jesun Lee, Byeongjun Lee, Hee-Ryang Kim, Jooyoung Jung, Mi-Ock Lee, Uhtaek Oh
Anoctamins (ANOs) are multifunctional membrane proteins that consist of 10 homologs. ANO1 (TMEM16A) and ANO2 (TMEM16B) are anion channels activated by intracellular calcium that meditate numerous physiological functions. ANO6 is a scramblase that redistributes phospholipids across the cell membrane. The other homologs are not well characterized. We found ANO9/TMEM16J is a cation channel activated by a cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA). Intracellular cAMP-activated robust currents in whole cells expressing ANO9, which were inhibited by a PKA blocker...
May 2018: Cell Calcium
Joaquín Cordero-Martínez, Tania Reyes-Miguel, Lorena Rodríguez-Páez, Leticia Garduño-Siciliano, Deneb Maldonado-García, Ana L Roa-Espitia, Enrique O Hernández-González
Ca2+ -activated Cl- channels (CaCCs) are anionic channels that regulate many important physiological functions associated with chloride and calcium flux in some somatic cells. The molecular identity of CaCCs was revealed to be TMEM16A and TMEM16B (also known as Anoctamin or ANO1 and ANO2, respectively) in all eukaryotes. A recent study suggests the presence of TMEM16A in human sperm and a relationship with the rhZP-induced acrosome reaction. However, to the best of our knowledge, little is known about the role of TMEM16A in other spermatic processes such as capacitation or motility...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Trey S Rottgen, Andrew J Nickerson, Emily A Minor, Amanda B Stewart, Abby D Harold, Vazhaikkurichi M Rajendran
Attenuated Ca2+ -activated Cl- secretion has previously been observed in the model of dextran-sulfate-sodium (DSS)-induced colitis. Prior studies have implicated dysfunctional muscarinic signaling from basolateral membranes as the potential perpetrator leading to decreased Ca2+ -activated Cl- secretion. However, in our chronic model of DSS-colitis, Chrm3 transcript (1.028 {plus minus} 0.12 vs. 1.029 {plus minus} 0.27, p > 0.05) and CHRM3 protein expression (1.021 {plus minus} .24 vs. .928 {plus minus} .09, p > 0...
March 21, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
Jonathon P Misiewicz, Sarah N Elliott, Kevin B Moore, Henry F Schaefer
Stabilized Criegee intermediates (SCI) are formed during the ozonolysis of unsaturated hydrocarbons and have been implicated in the formation of hydroxyl radicals and aerosols. Previous theoretical research [S. Jørgenson and A. Gross, J. Phys. Chem. A, 2009, 113, 10284-10290] computed the rate constants for addition of ammonia to simple SCIs, but reported a wide distribution of quantum chemical energies, depending on the basis set used. We report optimized geometries for these reactions at the CCSD(T)/ANO2 and CCSD(T)/ANO1 levels, and CCSD(T)/CBS energies with perturbative quadruples corrections...
March 14, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Jennifer Danielsson, Joy Vink, Shunsuke Hyuga, Xiao Wen Fu, Hiromi Funayama, Ronald Wapner, Andrew M Blanks, George Gallos
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous preterm labor leading to preterm birth is a significant obstetric problem leading to neonatal morbidity and mortality. Current tocolytics are not completely effective and novel targets may afford a therapeutic benefit. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the anoctamin (ANO) family, including the calcium-activated chloride channel ANO1, is present in pregnant human uterine smooth muscle (USM) and whether pharmacological and genetic modulation of ANO1 modulates USM contraction...
January 1, 2018: Reproductive Sciences
Antonio De la Vieja, Pilar Santisteban
Iodide (I- ) metabolism is crucial for the synthesis of thyroid hormones (THs) in the thyroid and the subsequent action of these hormones in the organism. I- is principally transported by the sodium iodide symporter (NIS) and by the anion exchanger PENDRIN, and recent studies have demonstrated the direct participation of new transporters including anoctamin 1 (ANO1), cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) and sodium multivitamin transporter (SMVT). Several of these transporters have been found expressed in various tissues, implicating them in I- recycling...
April 2018: Endocrine-related Cancer
Tae Sik Sung, Sung Jin Hwang, Sang Don Koh, Yulia Bayguinov, Lauen E Peri, Peter J Blair, Timothy I Webb, David M Pardo, Jason R Rock, Kenton M Sanders, Sean M Ward
KEY POINTS: Enteric neurotransmission is essential for gastrointestinal (GI) motility, although the cells and conductances responsible for post-junctional responses are controversial. The calcium-activated chloride conductance (CaCC), anoctamin-1 (Ano1), was expressed by intramuscular interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC-IM) in proximal stomach and not resolved in smooth muscle cells (SMCs). Cholinergic nerve fibres were closely apposed to ICC-IM. Conductances activated by cholinergic stimulation in isolated ICC-IM and SMCs were determined...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Physiology
Jun Sang Bae, Jeong Yeol Park, See-Hyoung Park, Sang Hoon Ha, Ae Ri An, Sang Jae Noh, Keun Sang Kwon, Sung Hoo Jung, Ho Sung Park, Myoung Jae Kang, Kyu Yun Jang
The expression of ANO1 is considered to have diagnostic specificity for gastrointestinal stromal tumors. However, its function as a calcium-activated chloride channel suggests that the expression of ANO1 is not restricted to gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Recently, it has been reported that ANO1 has roles in the progression of human malignant tumors. However, the role of ANO1 in breast carcinoma has been controversial. Therefore, we investigated the expression of ANO1 in 139 breast carcinoma patients and the role of ANO1 in vitro ...
January 2, 2018: Oncotarget
Jonghyun Choi, Yongwoo Jang, Haedong Kim, Jungwon Wee, Sinyoung Cho, Woo Sung Son, Sung Min Kim, Young Duk Yang
Anoctamin 1 (ANO1) is an anion channel that is activated by changes in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration and noxious heat. Although the critical roles of ANO1 have been elucidated in various cell types, the control of its gating mechanisms by Ca2+ and heat remain more elusive. To investigate critical amino acid residues for modulation of Ca2+ and heat sensing, we constructed a randomized mutant library for ANO1. Among 695 random mutants, reduced Ca2+ sensitivity was observed in two mutants (mutant 84 and 87). Consequently, the E143A mutant showed reduced sensitivity to Ca2+ but not to high temperatures, whereas the E705V mutant exhibited reduced sensitivity to both Ca2+ and noxious heat...
January 16, 2018: BMB Reports
Joana Lérias, Madalena Pinto, Roberta Benedetto, Rainer Schreiber, Margarida Amaral, Massimo Aureli, Karl Kunzelmann
Airway epithelial cells express both Ca2+ activated TMEM16A/ANO1 and cAMP activated CFTR anion channels. Previous work suggested a significant crosstalk of intracellular Ca2+ and cAMP signaling pathways, leading to activation of both chloride channels. We demonstrate that in airway epithelial cells, stimulation of purinergic or muscarinic G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) activates TMEM16A and CFTR. Additional expression of Gq/11 and phospholipase C coupled GPCRs strongly enhanced the crosstalk between Ca2+ - and cAMP-dependent signaling...
April 2018: Cellular Signalling
José J De Jesús-Pérez, Silvia Cruz-Rangel, Ángeles E Espino-Saldaña, Ataúlfo Martínez-Torres, Zhiqiang Qu, H Criss Hartzell, Nancy E Corral-Fernandez, Patricia Pérez-Cornejo, Jorge Arreola
The TMEM16A-mediated Ca2+ -activated Cl- current drives several important physiological functions. Membrane lipids regulate ion channels and transporters but their influence on members of the TMEM16 family is poorly understood. Here we have studied the regulation of TMEM16A by phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PI(4,5)P2), cholesterol, and fatty acids using patch clamp, biochemistry and fluorescence microscopy. We found that depletion of membrane PI(4,5)P2 causes a decline in TMEM16A current that is independent of cytoskeleton, but is partially prevented by removing intracellular Ca2+ ...
March 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Safinur Atay, Daniel W Wilkey, Mohammed Milhem, Michael Merchant, Andrew K Godwin
Developing tumors continuously release nano-sized vesicles that represent circulating "fingerprints" of the tumor's identity. In gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), we have previously reported that these tumors release "oncosomes" carrying the constitutively activated tyrosine kinase (TK) receptor KIT. Despite the clinical utility of TK inhibitors, such as imatinib mesylate (IM), recurrence and metastasis are clinical problems that urge the need to identify new tumor-derived molecules...
March 2018: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
Peter R Franke, Gary E Douberly
Isoprene (C5 H8 ) is an abundant, reactive tropospheric hydrocarbon, derived from biogenic emissions. A detailed understanding of the spectroscopy of isoprene is therefore desirable. Isoprene monomer is isolated in helium droplets and its infrared spectrum is measured in the CH stretching region. Anharmonic frequencies are predicted by VPT2+K simulations employing CCSD(T) force fields with quadratic (cubic and quartic) force constants computed using the ANO1 (ANO0) basis set. The vast majority of the spectral features can be assigned to trans-isoprene on the basis of these computations...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Sandra Derouiche, Yasunori Takayama, Masataka Murakami, Makoto Tominaga
Several ion channels and transporters regulate fluid secretion in salivary and lacrimal glands. In salivary glands, the major anion channel involved in fluid secretion is the calcium-activated chloride channel anoctamin 1 (ANO1). Several members of the transient receptor potential (TRP) channel superfamily regulate ANO1 activity. Here, we report a functional interaction between thermosensitive TRP vanilloid (TRPV)4 and ANO1 in acinar cells isolated from mouse salivary and lacrimal glands. TRPV4 activation induced chloride currents and shrinkage of acinar cells by increasing intracellular calcium concentrations...
January 5, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Huizhe Wu, Hui Wang, Shu Guan, Jing Zhang, Qiuchen Chen, Xiaodong Wang, Ke Ma, Pengfei Zhao, Haishan Zhao, Weifan Yao, Feng Jin, Qinghuan Xiao, Minjie Wei
The calcium-activated chloride channel Ano1 (TMEM16A) is overexpressed in many tumors. However, conflicting data exist regarding the role of Ano1 in cell proliferation. Here, we performed immunohistochemistry to investigate the expression of Ano1 and Ki67 in 403 patients with breast cancer, and analyzed the association between the expression of Ano1 and Ki67 in breast cancer subtypes categorized according to estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
Joana R Lérias, Madalena C Pinto, Hugo M Botelho, Nikhil T Awatade, Margarida C Quaresma, Iris A L Silva, Podchanart Wanitchakool, Rainer Schreiber, Rainer Pepperkok, Karl Kunzelmann, Margarida D Amaral
An attractive possibility to treat Cystic Fibrosis (CF), a severe condition caused by dysfunctional CFTR, an epithelial anion channel, is through the activation of alternative (non-CFTR) anion channels. Anoctamin 1 (ANO1) was demonstrated to be a Ca2+ -activated chloride channel (CaCC) and thus of high potential to replace CFTR. Despite that ANO1 is expressed in human lung CF tissue, it is present at the cell surface at very low levels. In addition, little is known about regulation of ANO1 traffic, namely which factors promote its plasma membrane (PM) localization...
February 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Rainer Schreiber, Jiraporn Ousingsawat, Podchanart Wanitchakool, Lalida Sirianant, Roberta Benedetto, Karina Reiss, Karl Kunzelmann
KEY POINTS: TMEM16 proteins can operate as Ca2+ -activated Cl- channels or scramble membrane phospholipids, which are both highly relevant mechanisms during disease. Overexpression of TMEM16A and TMEM16F were found to be partially active at 37°C and at resting intracellular Ca2+ concentrations. We show that TMEM16 Cl- currents and phospholipid scrambling can be activated by modification of plasma membrane phospholipids, through reactive oxygen species and phospholipase A2. While phospholipids and Cl- ions are likely to use the same pore within TMEM16F, TMEM16A only conducts Cl- ions...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Physiology
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