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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424587/interactions-of-the-mechanosensitive-channels-with-extracellular-matrix-integrins-and-cytoskeletal-network-in-osmosensation
#1
REVIEW
Runsheng Jiao, Dan Cui, Stephani C Wang, Dongyang Li, Yu-Feng Wang
Life is maintained in a sea water-like internal environment. The homeostasis of this environment is dependent on osmosensory system translation of hydromineral information into osmotic regulatory machinery at system, tissue and cell levels. In the osmosensation, hydromineral information can be converted into cellular reactions through osmoreceptors, which changes thirst and drinking, secretion of antidiuretic vasopressin (VP), reabsorption of water and salt in the kidneys at systemic level as well as cellular metabolic activity and survival status at tissue level...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406959/enhancement-of-immune-cytokines-and-splenic-cd4-t-cells-by-electroacupuncture-at-st36-acupoint-of-sd-rats
#2
Longyun Chen, Anli Xu, Nina Yin, Min Zhao, Zhigang Wang, Tao Chen, Yisheng Gao, Zebin Chen
Electroacupuncture at the ST36 acupoint can enhance the body's immune function. However, the mechanism for this enhancement has not been fully described. Our study was designed to investigate the effect of electroacupuncture on the immune function of Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. The rats were randomly divided into three groups: a control group, a non-acupoint group (abdominal muscle acupuntured) and a ST36 acupoint group. Our results showed that successive electroacupuncture at the ST36 acupoint for 3 d significantly enhanced the interferon-γ (IFN-γ) level in the serum of SD rats...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347703/afidopyropen-new-and-potent-modulator-of-insect-transient-receptor-potential-channels
#3
Ramani Kandasamy, Damian London, Lynn Stam, Wolfgang von Deyn, Xilong Zhao, Vincent L Salgado, Alexandre Nesterov
The commercial insecticides pymetrozine and pyrifluquinazon control plant-sucking pests by disturbing their coordination and ability to feed. We have previously shown that these compounds act by overstimulating and eventually silencing vanilloid-type transient receptor potential (TRPV) channels, which consist of two proteins, Nanchung and Inactive, that are co-expressed exclusively in insect chordotonal stretch receptor neurons. Here we show that a new insecticidal compound, afidopyropen, modulates chordotonal organs of American grasshoppers (Schistocerca americana) in the same fashion...
March 24, 2017: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333079/marine-cyclic-guanidine-alkaloids-monanchomycalin-b-and-urupocidin-a-act-as-inhibitors-of-trpv1-trpv2-and-trpv3-but-not-trpa1-receptors
#4
Yuliya Korolkova, Tatyana Makarieva, Kseniya Tabakmakher, Larisa Shubina, Ekaterina Kudryashova, Yaroslav Andreev, Irina Mosharova, Hyi-Seung Lee, Yeon-Ju Lee, Sergey Kozlov
Marine sponges contain a variety of low-molecular-weight compounds including guanidine alkaloids possessing different biological activities. Monanchomycalin B and urupocidin A were isolated from the marine sponge Monanchora pulchra. We found that they act as inhibitors of the TRPV1, TRPV2, and TRPV3 channels, but are inactive against the TRPA1 receptor. Monanchomycalin B is the most active among all published marine alkaloids (EC50 6.02, 2.84, and 3.25 μM for TRPV1, TRPV2, and TRPV3, correspondingly). Moreover, monanchomycalin B and urupocidin A are the first samples of marine alkaloids affecting the TRPV2 receptor...
March 23, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287157/neurovascular-microcirculatory-vasodilation-mediated-by-c-fibers-and-transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-type-1-channels-trpv-1-is-impaired-in-type-1-diabetes
#5
P Marche, S Dubois, P Abraham, E Parot-Schinkel, L Gascoin, A Humeau-Heurtier, P H Ducluzeau, G Mahe
Microvascular dysfunction may have an early onset in type 1 diabetes (T1D) and can precede major complications. Our objectives were to assess the endothelial-dependent (acetylcholine, ACh; and post-occlusive hyperemia, PORH), non-endothelial-dependent (sodium nitroprusside, SNP) and neurovascular-dependent (local heating, LH and current induced vasodilation, CIV) microcirculatory vasodilation in T1D patients compared with matched control subjects using a laser speckle contrast imager. Seventeen T1D patients - matched with 17 subjects according to age, gender, Body-Mass-Index, and smoking status - underwent macro- and microvascular investigations...
March 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194544/exploring-the-role-of-trpv-and-cgrp-in-adenosine-preconditioning-and-remote-hind-limb-preconditioning-induced-cardioprotection-in-rats
#6
Amritpal Singh, Puneet Kaur Randhawa, Anjana Bali, Nirmal Singh, Amteshwar Singh Jaggi
The cardioprotective effects of remote hind limb preconditioning (RIPC) are well known, but mechanisms by which protection occurs still remain to be explored. Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate the role of TRPV and CGRP in adenosine and remote preconditioning-induced cardioprotection, using sumatriptan, a CGRP release inhibitor and ruthenium red, a TRPV inhibitor, in rats. For remote preconditioning, a pressure cuff was tied around the hind limb of the rat and was inflated with air up to 150 mmHg to produce ischemia in the hind limb and during reperfusion pressure was released...
February 14, 2017: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158279/analysis-of-trpv-channel-activation-by-stimulation-of-fc%C3%AE%C2%B5ri-and-mrgpr-receptors-in-mouse-peritoneal-mast-cells
#7
A Solís-López, U Kriebs, A Marx, S Mannebach, W B Liedtke, M J Caterina, M Freichel, V V Tsvilovskyy
The activation of mast cells (MC) is part of the innate and adaptive immune responses and depends on Ca2+ entry across the plasma membrane, leading to the release of preformed inflammatory mediators by degranulation or by de novo synthesis. The calcium conducting channels of the TRPV family, known by their thermo and osmotic sensitivity, have been proposed to be involved in the MC activation in murine, rat, and human mast cell models. So far, immortalized mast cell lines and nonspecific TRPV blockers have been employed to characterize the role of TRPV channels in MC...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154245/role-of-trpv-channels-in-regulating-various-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cell-functions-lessons-from-in-vitro-studies
#8
Marek Skrzypski, Maria Billert, Stefan Mergler, Noushafarin Khajavi, Krzysztof W Nowak, Mathias Z Strowski
Pancreatic β-cell functions are regulated by a variety of endogenous and exogenous factors. Calcium is one of the most potent triggers of β-cell growth, insulin production and exocytosis. Recently, others and we showed that TRPV channels are expressed in insulin producing cell lines and/or primary β-cells. These channels modulate calcium ions, insulin secretion and cell proliferation. Besides the classical roles of TRPV channels in the sensory system, there are also novel functions described in non-excitable cells such as in insulin-producing β-cells...
February 2, 2017: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103434/analgesic-effect-of-quetiapine-in-a-mouse-model-of-cancer-induced-bone-pain
#9
Mi Hwa Heo, Jin Young Kim, Ilseon Hwang, Eunyoung Ha, Keon Uk Park
Background/Aims: Cancer-induced bone pain (CIBP) is one of the most common pains in patients with advanced neoplasms. Because of treatment-associated side effects, more than half of cancer patients are reported to have inadequate and undermanaged pain control. New mechanism-based therapies must be developed to reduce cancer pain. Quetiapine is a commonly used atypical antipsychotic drug. We report a study of the potential analgesic effects of quetiapine in a mouse model of CIBP and examine the mechanism of bone pain by analyzing the expression of various nociceptors...
January 20, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076819/full-spectral-multiplexing-of-bioluminescence-resonance-energy-transfer-in-three-trpv-channels
#10
Hermanus Johannes Ruigrok, Guillaume Shahid, Bertrand Goudeau, Florence Poulletier de Gannes, Emmanuelle Poque-Haro, Annabelle Hurtier, Isabelle Lagroye, Pierre Vacher, Stéphane Arbault, Neso Sojic, Bernard Veyret, Yann Percherancier
Multiplexed bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) assays were developed to monitor the activation of several functional transient receptor potential (TRP) channels in live cells and in real time. We probed both TRPV1 intramolecular rearrangements and its interaction with Calmodulin (CaM) under activation by chemical agonists and temperature. Our BRET study also confirmed that: (1) capsaicin and heat promoted distinct transitions, independently coupled to channel gating, and that (2) TRPV1 and Ca(2+)-bound CaM but not Ca(2+)-free CaM were preassociated in resting live cells, while capsaicin activation induced both the formation of more TRPV1/CaM complexes and conformational changes...
January 10, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066924/side-chain-flexibility-and-coupling-between-the-s4-s5-linker-and-the-trp-domain-in-thermo-sensitive-trp-channels-insights-from-protein-modeling
#11
Sergio Romero-Romero, Froylan Gomez Lagunas, Daniel Balleza
The transient receptor potential (TRP) superfamily is subdivided into several subfamilies on the basis of sequence similarity, which is highly heterogeneous but shows a molecular architecture that resembles the one present in members of the Kv channel superfamily. Because of this diversity, they produce a large variety of channels with different gating and permeability properties. Elucidation of these particular features necessarily requires comparative studies based on structural and functional data. The present study aims to compilate, analyze, and determine, in a coherent way, the relationship between intrinsic side-chain flexibility and the allosteric coupling in members of the TRPV, TRPM, and TRPC families...
January 9, 2017: Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063212/regulation-of-chondrocyte-functions-by-transient-receptor-potential-cation-channel-v6-in-osteoarthritis
#12
Tengfei Song, Jun Ma, Lei Guo, Peng Yang, Xuhui Zhou, Tianwen Ye
Transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV) channels function to maintain the dynamic balance of calcium signaling and calcium metabolism in bones. The goal of this study was to determine the potential role of TRPV6 in regulation of chondrocytes. The level of TRPV6 expression was analyzed by western blot in articular cartilage derived from the knee joints of osteoarthritis (OA) rat models and OA patients. Bone structure and osteoarthritic changes in the knee joints of TRPV6 knockout mice were examined using micro-computed and histological analysis at the age of 6 and 12 months old...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039038/transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-6-trpv6-in-the-mouse-brain-distribution-and-estrous-cycle-related-changes-in-the-hypothalamus
#13
Santosh Kumar, Uday Singh, Omprakash Singh, Chandan Goswami, Praful S Singru
Transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV) subfamily of cationic channels have emerged as novel players in neural regulation. Unlike other members of TRPV subfamily, TRPV5 and TRPV6 are highly Ca(2+)-selective. Although TRPV5/TRPV6 transcripts are expressed in mouse brain, understanding the full functional spectrum of these ion channels in the brain is however limited due to the lack of information on their neuroanatomical distribution. We have studied TRPV6 in mouse brain in further detail. In the hypothalamus, while Western blot analysis using TRPV6 specific antiserum showed a distinct ∼95 kDa band corresponding to the molecular weight of TRPV6, transcripts for TRPV6 were detected with RT-PCR...
March 6, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027302/stereotypical-escape-behavior-in-caenorhabditis-elegans-allows-quantification-of-effective-heat-stimulus-level
#14
Kawai Leung, Aylia Mohammadi, William S Ryu, Ilya Nemenman
A goal of many sensorimotor studies is to quantify the stimulus-behavioral response relation for specific organisms and specific sensory stimuli. This is especially important to do in the context of painful stimuli since most animals in these studies cannot easily communicate to us their perceived levels of such noxious stimuli. Thus progress on studies of nociception and pain-like responses in animal models depends crucially on our ability to quantitatively and objectively infer the sensed levels of these stimuli from animal behaviors...
December 2016: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939335/calcium-signalling-induced-by-in-vitro-exposure-to-silicium-dioxide-nanoparticles-in-rat-pulmonary-artery-smooth-muscle-cells
#15
Virginie Dubes, Thibaud Parpaite, Thomas Ducret, Jean-François Quignard, Stéphane Mornet, Nora Reinhardt, Isabelle Baudrimont, Mathilde Dubois, Véronique Freund-Michel, Roger Marthan, Bernard Muller, Jean-Pierre Savineau, Arnaud Courtois
The development and use of nanomaterials, especially engineered nanoparticles (NP), is expected to provide many benefits. But at the same time the development of such materials is also feared because of their potential human health risks. Indeed, NP display some characteristics similar to ultrafine environmental particles which are known to exert deleterious cardiovascular effects including pro-hypertensive ones. In this context, the effect of NP on calcium signalling, whose deregulation is often involved in hypertensive diseases, remain poorly described...
January 15, 2017: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913205/trp-channels-in-calcium-homeostasis-from-hormonal-control-to-structure-function-relationship-of-trpv5-and-trpv6
#16
REVIEW
Mark K C van Goor, Joost G J Hoenderop, Jenny van der Wijst
Maintaining plasma calcium levels within a narrow range is of vital importance for many physiological functions. Therefore, calcium transport processes in the intestine, bone and kidney are tightly regulated to fine-tune the rate of absorption, storage and excretion. The TRPV5 and TRPV6 calcium channels are viewed as the gatekeepers of epithelial calcium transport. Several calciotropic hormones control the channels at the level of transcription, membrane expression, and function. Recent technological advances have provided the first near-atomic resolution structural models of several TRPV channels, allowing insight into their architecture...
November 30, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891582/versatile-roles-of-intracellularly-located-trpv1-channel
#17
REVIEW
Rui Zhao, Suk Ying Tsang
The ubiquitous expression in many organs throughout the body and the ability to respond to a wide variety of physical and chemical stimuli have brought transient receptor potential (TRP) channels to the vanguards of our sensory systems. TRP vanilloid-1 (TRPV1) is the founding member of the TRPV subfamily. TRPV1 can be activated by noxious heat, protons and vanilloids. Previous studies have shown that TRPV1 is located on the plasma membrane, serving to non-selectively permeate calcium ion from the extracellular region to the cytoplasm...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875791/localization-and-expression-patterns-of-trp-channels-in-submandibular-gland-development
#18
Motoya Fujiseki, Masahito Yamamoto, Sobhan Ubaidus, Takashi Shinomiya, Shinichi Abe, Masakazu Tazaki, Hitoshi Yamamoto
OBJECTIVE: Expression of Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels: TRP canonical (TRPC)1, TRP vanilloid (TRPV)3, TRPV4 and TRP melastatin (TRPM)8 in adult rat salivary gland has recently been reported. The authors investigated expression of these TRP channels in the submandibular gland during early developmental stage in which the cell constitution is different, and discussed the function of TRP in the submandibular gland in early development. DESIGN: Using rat submandibular gland at embryonic days (E)18 and E20 and postnatal days (PN)0 and PN5 and PN28, expression of TRPV3, TRPV4, TRPC1 and TRPM8 was investigated using real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry...
February 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871896/gastroprotective-and-ulcer-healing-effects-of-hydroethanolic-extract-of-leaves-of-caryocar-coriaceum-mechanisms-involved-in-the-gastroprotective-activity
#19
Luis Jardelino de Lacerda Neto, Andreza Guedes Barbosa Ramos, Valterlucio Santos Sales, Severino Denicio Gonçalves de Souza, Antonia Thassya Lucas Dos Santos, Larissa Rolim de Oliveira, Marta Regina Kerntopf, Thais Rodrigues de Albuquerque, Henrique Douglas Melo Coutinho, Lucindo Jose Quintans-Júnior, Almir Gonçalves Wanderley, Irwin Rose Alencar de Menezes
This work aimed to determine the chemical fingerprint of hydroethanolic extract of leaves of Caryocar coriaceum (HELCC) and the gastroprotective activity. The chemical fingerprint of HELCC was analyzed by HPLC-DAD, to quantify total phenols and flavonoids were carried out by Folin-Ciocalteu reagent and aluminum chloride assay, while in vitro antioxidant activity was evaluated by the DPPH method. The methods used to determine pharmacological activity were: gastroprotective screening test in classical models of induced acute and chronic gastric lesions and physical barrier test...
January 5, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829230/post-transcriptional-regulation-of-5-untranslated-regions-of-human-transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-type-1-trpv-1-channels-role-in-the-survival-of-glioma-patients
#20
Massimo Nabissi, Maria Beatrice Morelli, Antonietta Arcella, Claudio Cardinali, Matteo Santoni, Giovanni Bernardini, Angela Santoni, Giorgio Santoni, Consuelo Amantini
The Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid type-1 (TRPV1) channel is a non-selective cation channel belonging to the Transient Receptor Potential family; variation of its expression has been correlated to glioma progression. In human, TRPV1 transcripts display a remarkable homogeneity differing only for the 5'-untranslated region (5'UTR) sequence that generates four variants encoding the same protein. Herein, we investigated the role of the 5'UTR sequences in TRPV1 transcripts stability, regulation of translation, expression in glioma cells and tissues...
December 6, 2016: Oncotarget
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