Read by QxMD icon Read

centric relation

Shanta R Dube
Currently, in the U.S. and worldwide, childhood trauma is a public health crisis. Childhood adversities, such as abuse, neglect, and related household stressors, are common, interrelated and contribute to multiple adverse social, behavioral and health outcomes throughout the lifespan. The present article provides further discussion regarding adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) screening in healthcare utilizing the etic and emic perspectives. Screening in the healthcare system leans toward the etic view: objective observations of symptoms, which may then lead to intervention delivery...
March 16, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Chang You, Bertha Vandegrift, Mark S Brodie
The ventral tegmental area (VTA) evaluates salience of environmental stimuli and provides dopaminergic innervation to many brain areas affected by acute and chronic ethanol exposure. While primarily associated with rewarding and reinforcing stimuli, recent evidence indicates a role for the VTA in aversion as well. Ethanol actions in the VTA may trigger neuroadaptation resulting in reduction of the aversive responses to alcohol and a relative increase in the rewarding responses. In searching for effective pharmacotherapies for the treatment of alcohol abuse and alcoholism, recognition of this imbalance may reveal novel strategies...
March 16, 2018: Psychopharmacology
Jonathan P Wiens, Gary R Goldstein, Mark Andrawis, Mijin Choi, Jennifer W Priebe
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Multiple definitions of centric relation (CR) have evolved over time that may have created confusion or impeded understanding. A recent attempt to achieve a singular definition by surveying the members of the Academy of Prosthodontics (AP) did not achieve majority consensus. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify those aspects or attributes within the existing definitions of CR in which there was agreement or disagreement among the members of the AP...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Stephen P McKenna, Jeanette Wilburn
The assessment of 'patient value' is fundamental to clinical trials, real world evidence studies and outcomes-based reimbursement schemes. Measures of health-related quality of life (HRQL) are widely used in health research. Such measures are effective in determining the presence or absence of symptoms and functional ability. However, HRQL measures were not intended, nor designed, to determine the value to patients of alternative health states. Functions have no intrinsic value - they are a means to fulfil human needs...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Medical Economics
Kylie Sandy-Hodgetts, Keryln Carville, Gavin D Leslie
This paper presents a conceptual framework which outlines the risk factors associated with surgical wound dehiscence (SWD) as identified in the literature. The purpose for the development of the conceptual framework was to derive an evidence-based, informed understanding of factors associated with SWD, in order to inform a programme of research on the aetiology and potential risk factors of SWD. Incorporated within the patient-centric conceptual framework are patient related comorbidities, intraoperative and postoperative risk factors related to SWD...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Wound Care
David W Rowe, Douglas J Adams, Seung-Hyun Hong, Caibin Zhang, Dong-Guk Shin, C Renata Rydzik, Li Chen, Zhihua Wu, Gaven Garland, Dana A Godfrey, John P Sundberg, Cheryl Ackert-Bicknell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The international mouse phenotyping consortium (IMPC) is producing defined gene knockout mouse lines. Here, a phenotyping program is presented that is based on micro-computed tomography (μCT) assessment of distal femur and vertebra. Lines with significant variation undergo a computer-based bone histomorphometric analysis. RECENT FINDINGS: Of the 220 lines examined to date, approximately 15% have a significant variation (high or low) by μCT, most of which are not identified by the IMPC screen...
March 5, 2018: Current Osteoporosis Reports
P Loertzer, S Siemer, M Stöckle, C H Ohlmann
PURPOSE: To analyze the feasibility and perioperative results of patients undergoing robot-assisted cystectomy with intracorporeal urinary diversion and robot-sewn ileoileal anastomosis. METHODS: This is a mono-centric analysis of perioperative data from 48 consecutive patients undergoing robot-assisted cystectomy with intracorporeal urinary diversion and robot-sewn ileoileal anastomosis. Data include the preoperative variables, operative and postoperative course and complication rates related to bowel anastomosis...
March 2, 2018: World Journal of Urology
John James Tello Cajiao, Mario Pietro Carante, Mario Antonio Bernal Rodriguez, Francesca Ballarini
It is widely accepted that, in chromosome-aberration induction, the (mis-)rejoining probability of two chromosome fragments depends on their initial distance, r. However, several aspects of these "proximity effects" need to be clarified, also considering that they can vary with radiation quality, cell type and dose. A previous work performed by the BIANCA (BIophysical ANalysis of Cell death and chromosome Aberrations) biophysical model has suggested that, in human lymphocytes and fibroblasts exposed to low-LET radiation, an exponential function of the form exp(-r/r0 ), which is consistent with free-end (confined) diffusion, describes proximity effects better than a Gaussian function...
February 22, 2018: DNA Repair
Iain Scott, Lingdi Wang, Kaiyuan Wu, Dharendra Thapa, Michael N Sack
General control of amino acid synthesis 5 (GCN5) like-1 (GCN5L1) was identified as a novel gene with sequence homology to the histone acetyltransferase Gcn5. Subsequent protein-interaction studies identified GCN5L1 as a subunit of the multiprotein lysosome biogenesis complex, resulting in an alternative designation as biogenesis of lysosome-related organelle complex 1 subunit 1 (BLOS1 or BLOC1S1). Despite the distinct nomenclatures, GCN5L1/BLOS1 has been shown to play crucial roles in mitochondria, endosomes, lysosomes, and synaptic vesicle precursors (SVPs)...
February 21, 2018: Trends in Cell Biology
Laura Bretherton, Alicia Williams, Jennifer Genzer, Jessica Hillhouse, Manoj Kamalanathan, Zoe Finkel, Antonietta Quigg
Culture experiments were conducted on ten phytoplankton species to examine their biological and physiological responses during exposure to oil and a combination of oil and dispersant. The species tested included a range of taxa typically found in the Gulf of Mexico such as cyanobacteria, chlorophytes and diatoms. Cultures were exposed to Macondo surrogate oil using the water accommodated fraction (WAF), and dispersed oil using a chemically enhanced WAF (CEWAF) and diluted CEWAF (DCEWAF), to replicate conditions following the Deepwater Horizon spill in the Gulf of Mexico...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Phycology
A Demonte, M B Guanti, S Liberati, A Biffi, F Fernando, M Fainello, P Pepe
OBJECTIVE: Bilastine is a highly selective, non-sedating antihistamine, indicated for the symptomatic treatment of allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and urticaria. Available data suggest that bilastine interferes neither with driving ability nor with flying-related performance. However, no data are available on the effect of bilastine on the driving ability in extreme conditions. Here we analyzed the effect of 7 days treatment with 20 mg bilastine in patients with allergic rhinitis and/or chronic urticaria, on psychophysical performance assessed by the Formula One (F1) high-speed simulator-driving test...
February 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Mari Pent, Markus Hiltunen, Kadri Põldmaa, Brendan Furneaux, Falk Hildebrand, Hanna Johannesson, Martin Ryberg, Mohammad Bahram
Despite increasing knowledge on host-associated microbiomes, little is known about mechanisms underlying fungus-microbiome interactions. This study aimed to examine the relative importance of host genetic, geographic and environmental distance in structuring fungus-associated microbiomes. We analyzed the taxonomic composition and function of microbiomes inhabiting fungal fruiting-bodies in relation to host genetic variation, soil pH and geographic distance between samples. For this, we sequenced the metagenomes of 40 fruiting-bodies collected from six fairy rings (i...
February 14, 2018: Environmental Microbiology
Andrea R Mazzocchi, Shiny A P Rajan, Konstantinos I Votanopoulos, Adam R Hall, Aleksander Skardal
Variability in patient response to anti-cancer drugs is currently addressed by relating genetic mutations to chemotherapy through precision medicine. However, practical benefits of precision medicine to therapy design are less clear. Even after identification of mutations, oncologists are often left with several drug options, and for some patients there is no definitive treatment solution. There is a need for model systems to help predict personalized responses to chemotherapeutics. We have microengineered 3D tumor organoids directly from fresh tumor biopsies to provide patient-specific models with which treatment optimization can be performed before initiation of therapy...
February 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
Sophy Barber, Hilary L Bekker, David Meads, Sue Pavitt, Balvinder Khambay
INTRODUCTION: Identification and appraisal of the outcome measures that have been used to evaluate hypodontia treatment and deliver services are essential for improving care. A lack of alignment between outcomes and patient values can limit the scope for patient-centered care. Our objectives were to identify and appraise the outcomes selected to evaluate hypodontia care. METHODS: Data sources included 10 electronic databases and grey literature, searched using terms for hypodontia and its treatment methods...
February 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Enrique J Cobos, Chelsea A Nickerson, Fuying Gao, Vijayendran Chandran, Inmaculada Bravo-Caparrós, Rafael González-Cano, Priscilla Riva, Nick A Andrews, Alban Latremoliere, Corey R Seehus, Gloria Perazzoli, Francisco R Nieto, Nicole Joller, Michio W Painter, Chi Him Eddie Ma, Takao Omura, Elissa J Chesler, Daniel H Geschwind, Giovanni Coppola, Manu Rangachari, Clifford J Woolf, Michael Costigan
Chronic neuropathic pain is a major morbidity of neural injury, yet its mechanisms are incompletely understood. Hypersensitivity to previously non-noxious stimuli (allodynia) is a common symptom. Here, we demonstrate that the onset of cold hypersensitivity precedes tactile allodynia in a model of partial nerve injury, and this temporal divergence was associated with major differences in global gene expression in innervating dorsal root ganglia. Transcripts whose expression change correlates with the onset of cold allodynia were nociceptor related, whereas those correlating with tactile hypersensitivity were immune cell centric...
January 30, 2018: Cell Reports
Lori Birder, Karl-Erik Andersson
The etiology of interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) remains elusive and may involve multiple causes. To better understand its pathophysiology, many efforts have been made to create IC/BPS models. Most existing models of IC/BPS strive to recreate bladder-related features by applying noxious intravesical or systemic stimuli to healthy animals. These models are useful to help understand various mechanisms; however, they are limited to demonstrating how the bladder and nervous system respond to noxious stimuli, and are not representative of the complex interactions and pathophysiology of IC/BPS...
January 2018: International Neurourology Journal
Chee-Kin Then, Kao-Hui Liu, Ming-Hsuan Liao, Kuo-Hsuan Chung, Jia-Yi Wang, Shing-Chuan Shen
The impacts of antidepressants on the pathogenesis of dementia remain unclear despite depression and dementia are closely related. Antidepressants have been reported may impair serotonin-regulated adaptive processes, increase neurological side-effects and cytotoxicity. An 'astroglio-centric' perspective of neurodegenerative diseases proposes astrocyte dysfunction is involved in the impairment of proper central nervous system functioning. Thus, defining whether antidepressants are harmful to astrocytes is an intriguing issue...
December 29, 2017: Oncotarget
Jonathan A Michaels, Hansjörg Scherberger
Preparing and executing grasping movements demands the coordination of sensory information across multiple scales. The position of an object, required hand shape, and which of our hands to extend must all be coordinated in parallel. The network formed by the macaque anterior intraparietal area (AIP) and hand area (F5) of the ventral premotor cortex is essential in the generation of grasping movements. Yet, the role of this circuit in hand selection is unclear. We recorded from 1342 single- and multi-units in AIP and F5 of two macaque monkeys (Macaca mulatta) during a delayed grasping task in which monkeys were instructed by a visual cue to perform power or precision grips on a handle presented in five different orientations with either the left or right hand, as instructed by an auditory tone...
January 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
Scott Griffiths, Stuart B Murray, Isabel Krug, Siân A McLean
Social media has been associated with body dissatisfaction and eating disorder symptoms among young women and adolescent girls. However, despite notable evidence of susceptibility to body image pressures, it remains unknown whether these associations generalize to sexual minority men. A nationwide sample of 2,733 sexual minority men completed an online survey advertised to Australian and New Zealand users of a popular dating app. Participants answered questions about how frequently they used 11 different social media platforms in addition to questions about their dating app use, body image, eating disorder symptoms, and anabolic steroids...
January 24, 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
R D Deshmukh, D J Dhande, K S Sachdeva, A N Sreenivas, A M V Kumar, M Parmar
BACKGROUND: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is emerging as a major public health problem globally. Treatment success rates in MDR-TB across the globe are not encouraging as completing MDR-TB treatment successfully is challenging due to high proportion of lost to follow up. METHODS: Using qualitative methods and grounded theory approach, in-depth interviews were conducted with MDR-TB patients and treatment providers. The social cognitive framework was explored as a way to guide understanding of the factors affecting treatment adherence among MDR-TB patients...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"