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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231303/greeklex-2-a-comprehensive-lexical-database-with-part-of-speech-syllabic-phonological-and-stress-information
#1
Antonios Kyparissiadis, Walter J B van Heuven, Nicola J Pitchford, Timothy Ledgeway
Databases containing lexical properties on any given orthography are crucial for psycholinguistic research. In the last ten years, a number of lexical databases have been developed for Greek. However, these lack important part-of-speech information. Furthermore, the need for alternative procedures for calculating syllabic measurements and stress information, as well as combination of several metrics to investigate linguistic properties of the Greek language are highlighted. To address these issues, we present a new extensive lexical database of Modern Greek (GreekLex 2) with part-of-speech information for each word and accurate syllabification and orthographic information predictive of stress, as well as several measurements of word similarity and phonetic information...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226797/thin-film-high-density-micro-electrocorticographic-decoding-of-a-human-cortical-gyrus
#2
Leah Muller, Sarah Felix, Kedar G Shah, Kye Lee, Satinderpall Pannu, Edward F Chang, Leah Muller, Sarah Felix, Kedar G Shah, Kye Lee, Satinderpall Pannu, Edward F Chang, Satinderpall Pannu, Sarah Felix, Leah Muller, Kedar G Shah, Kye Lee, Edward F Chang
High-density electrocorticography (ECoG) arrays are promising interfaces for high-resolution neural recording from the cortical surface. Commercial options for high-density arrays are limited, and historically tradeoffs must be made between spatial coverage and electrode density. However, thin-film technology is a promising alternative for generating electrode arrays capable of large area coverage and high channel count, with resolution on the order of cortical columns in the functional surface unit of a human gyrus...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223806/efficacy-of-a-short-cognitive-training-program-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#3
María Yaiza Pérez-Martín, Montserrat González-Platas, Pablo Eguía-Del Río, Cristina Croissier-Elías, Alejandro Jiménez Sosa
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment is a common feature in multiple sclerosis (MS) and may have a substantial impact on quality of life. Evidence about the effectiveness of neuropsychological rehabilitation is still limited, but current data suggest that computer-assisted cognitive training improves cognitive performance. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of combined computer-assisted training supported by home-based neuropsychological training to improve attention, processing speed, memory and executive functions during 3 consecutive months...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218556/scandcleft-randomised-trials-of-primary-surgery-for-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-5-speech-outcomes-in-5-year-olds-consonant-proficiency-and-errors
#4
Elisabeth Willadsen, Anette Lohmander, Christina Persson, Inger Lundeborg, Suvi Alaluusua, Ragnhild Aukner, Anja Bau, Maria Boers, Melanie Bowden, Julie Davies, Berit Emborg, Christina Havstam, Christine Hayden, Gunilla Henningsson, Anders Holmefjord, Elina Hölttä, Mia Kisling-Møller, Lillian Kjøll, Maria Lundberg, Eilish McAleer, Jill Nyberg, Marjukka Paaso, Nina Helen Pedersen, Therese Rasmussen, Sigvor Reisæter, Helene Søgaard Andersen, Antje Schöps, Inger-Beate Tørdal, Gunvor Semb
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Normal articulation before school start is a main objective in cleft palate treatment. The aim was to investigate if differences exist in consonant proficiency at age 5 years between children with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) randomised to different surgical protocols for primary palatal repair. A secondary aim was to estimate burden of care in terms of received additional secondary surgeries and speech therapy. DESIGN: Three parallel group, randomised clinical trials were undertaken as an international multicentre study by 10 cleft teams in five countries: Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, and the UK...
February 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215407/a-simplified-vocal-profile-analysis-protocol-for-the-assessment-of-voice-quality-and-speaker-similarity
#5
Eugenia San Segundo, Jose A Mompean
OBJECTIVES: A simplified perceptual protocol for the assessment of voice quality (VQ) is attempted based on the Vocal Profile Analysis (VPA) scheme, with the aim of alleviating typical issues associated with the multidimensionality of VQ and enabling an easy quantification of speaker similarity. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-four non-pathological male speakers (12 monozygotic twin pairs) of Standard Peninsular Spanish were perceptually evaluated by two trained phoneticians using the simplified VPA (SVPA)...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213999/application-of-the-acoustic-voice-quality-index-for-objective-measurement-of-dysphonia-severity
#6
Faustino Núñez-Batalla, Estefanía Díaz-Fresno, Andrea Álvarez-Fernández, Gabriela Muñoz Cordero, José Luis Llorente Pendás
INTRODUCTION: Over the past several decades, many acoustic parameters have been studied as sensitive to and to measure dysphonia. However, current acoustic measures might not be sensitive measures of perceived voice quality. A meta-analysis which evaluated the relationship between perceived overall voice quality and several acoustic-phonetic correlates, identified measures that do not rely on the extraction of the fundamental period, such the measures derived from the cepstrum, and that can be used in sustained vowel as well as continuous speech samples...
February 14, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208148/local-and-global-cues-in-the-prosodic-realization-of-broad-and-narrow-focus-in-bulgarian
#7
Bistra Andreeva, William John Barry, Jacques Koreman
In this study, local and global prosodic cues for information structure are examined in the elicited production of six Bulgarian sentences. The sentences were produced in response to different questions, devised to prompt different focus realizations (broad focus and non-contrastive and contrastive narrow focus). Results show that speakers consistently differentiate broad and narrow focus by means of both local and global acoustic cues, by producing different pitch accent types on the nuclear syllable and reducing the 'phonetic strength' of the default pre-nuclear accent in the narrow focus condition...
2016: Phonetica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208141/the-phonetics-and-phonology-of-the-polish-calling-melodies
#8
Amalia Arvaniti, Marzena Żygis, Marek Jaskuła
Two calling melodies of Polish were investigated, the routine call, used to call someone for an everyday reason, and the urgent call, which conveys disapproval of the addressee's actions. A Discourse Completion Task was used to elicit the two melodies from Polish speakers using twelve names from one to four syllables long; there were three names per syllable count, and speakers produced three tokens of each name with each melody. The results, based on eleven speakers, show that the routine calling melody consists of a low F0 stretch followed by a rise-fall-rise; the urgent calling melody, on the other hand, is a simple rise-fall...
2016: Phonetica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208133/how-truncating-are-truncating-languages-evidence-from-russian-and-german
#9
Tamara V Rathcke
Russian and German have pr eviously been described as 'truncating', or cutting off target frequencies of the phrase-final pitch trajectories when the time available for voicing is compromised. However, supporting evidence is rare and limited to only a few pitch categories. This paper reports a production study conducted to document pitch adjustments to linguistic materials, in which the amount of voicing available for the realization of a pitch pattern varies from relatively long to extremely short. Productions of nuclear H+L*, H* and L*+H pitch accents followed by a low boundary tone were investigated in the two languages...
2016: Phonetica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207579/expansion-of-prosodic-abilities-at-the-transition-from-babble-to-words-a-comparison-between-children-with-cochlear-implants-and-normally-hearing-children
#10
Michèle Pettinato, Ilke De Clerck, Jo Verhoeven, Steven Gillis
OBJECTIVES: This longitudinal study examined the effect of emerging vocabulary production on the ability to produce the phonetic cues to prosodic prominence in babbled and lexical disyllables of infants with cochlear implants (CI) and normally hearing (NH) infants. Current research on typical language acquisition emphasizes the importance of vocabulary development for phonological and phonetic acquisition. Children with CI experience significant difficulties with the perception and production of prosody, and the role of possible top-down effects is, therefore, particularly relevant for this population...
February 15, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196377/speaking-tongues-are-actively-braced
#11
Bryan Gick, Blake Allen, François Roewer-Després, Ian Stavness
Purpose: Bracing of the tongue against opposing vocal-tract surfaces such as the teeth or palate has long been discussed in the context of biomechanical, somatosensory, and aeroacoustic aspects of tongue movement. However, previous studies have tended to describe bracing only in terms of contact (rather than mechanical support), and only in limited phonetic contexts, supporting a widespread view of bracing as an occasional state, peculiar to specific sounds or sound combinations. Method: The present study tests the pervasiveness and effortfulness of tongue bracing in continuous English speech passages using electropalatography and 3-D biomechanical simulations...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193124/what-s-in-a-word-observing-the-contribution-of-underlying-and-surface-representations
#12
Yu-Fu Chien, Joan A Sereno, Jie Zhang
underlying representations play a crucial role in capturing predictable relations among different phonetic categories in phonological theory. Tone sandhi is a tonal alternation phenomenon in which a tone changes to a different tone in certain phonological environments. This study investigates whether Taiwanese listeners are more sensitive to the surface form of the tones or the underlying tonal representations of tone sandhi words. An auditory lexical decision experiment was conducted to examine priming effects between monosyllabic primes and disyllabic target words (tone sandhi T51 → T55 and sandhi T24 → T33)...
February 1, 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187924/measuring-the-dysphonia-severity-index-dsi-in-the-program-praat
#13
Youri Maryn, Dominique Morsomme, Marc De Bodt
BACKGROUND: The original Dysphonia Severity Index (ie, DSI) weighs and combines four voice markers in a single number to size dysphonia gradation in the clinic: percent jitter (from Multi-Dimensional Voice Program; KayPENTAX Corp., Montvale, NJ), softest intensity and highest fundamental frequency (both from Voice Range Profile; KayPENTAX Corp.), and maximum phonation time. To be more generally applied, however, implementation of DSI in the program Praat (Paul Boersma and David Weenink, Institute for Phonetic Sciences, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands) would be advantageous for all voice clinicians...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169421/n1-response-attenuation-and-the-mismatch-negativity-mmn-to-within-and-across-category-phonetic-contrasts
#14
Daniel M R Silva, Danilo B Melges, Rui Rothe-Neves
According to the neural adaptation model of the mismatch negativity (MMN), the sensitivity of this event-related response to both acoustic and categorical information in speech sounds can be accounted for by assuming that (a) the degree of overlapping between neural representations of two sounds depends on both the acoustic difference between them and whether or not they belong to distinct phonetic categories, and (b) a release from stimulus-specific adaptation causes an enhanced N1 obligatory response to infrequent deviant stimuli...
February 7, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166843/the-emergence-of-phonetic-categories-in-korean-english-bilingual-children
#15
Sue Ann S Lee, Gregory K Iverson
The present study examined the speech production of three-year-old Korean-English bilingual (KEB) children. English and Korean stops, as well as front vowels in both languages, were compared acoustically among the KEB children, then also measured against those of their age-equivalent monolingual counterparts. Evidence of distinctive phonetic categorization in bilingual children was more salient in vowels than in stops. Vowels and stops produced by the bilingual children were not significantly different from those of their monolingual counterparts...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155186/k-span-a-lexical-database-of-korean-surface-phonetic-forms-and-phonological-neighborhood-density-statistics
#16
Jeffrey J Holliday, Rory Turnbull, Julien Eychenne
This article presents K-SPAN (Korean Surface Phonetics and Neighborhoods), a database of surface phonetic forms and several measures of phonological neighborhood density for 63,836 Korean words. Currently publicly available Korean corpora are limited by the fact that they only provide orthographic representations in Hangeul, which is problematic since phonetic forms in Korean cannot be reliably predicted from orthographic forms. We describe the method used to derive the surface phonetic forms from a publicly available orthographic corpus of Korean, and report on several statistics calculated using this database; namely, segment unigram frequencies, which are compared to previously reported results, along with segment-based and syllable-based neighborhood density statistics for three types of representation: an "orthographic" form, which is a quasi-phonological representation, a "conservative" form, which maintains all known contrasts, and a "modern" form, which represents the pronunciation of contemporary Seoul Korean...
February 2, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129061/inferior-frontal-cortex-contributions-to-the-recognition-of-spoken-words-and-their-constituent-speech-sounds
#17
Jack C Rogers, Matthew H Davis
Speech perception and comprehension are often challenged by the need to recognize speech sounds that are degraded or ambiguous. Here, we explore the cognitive and neural mechanisms involved in resolving ambiguity in the identity of speech sounds using syllables that contain ambiguous phonetic segments (e.g., intermediate sounds between /b/ and /g/ as in "blade" and "glade"). We used an audio-morphing procedure to create a large set of natural sounding minimal pairs that contain phonetically ambiguous onset or offset consonants (differing in place, manner, or voicing)...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129059/speaking-style-influences-the-brain-s-electrophysiological-response-to-grammatical-errors-in-speech-comprehension
#18
Malte C Viebahn, Mirjam Ernestus, James M McQueen
This electrophysiological study asked whether the brain processes grammatical gender violations in casual speech differently than in careful speech. Native speakers of Dutch were presented with utterances that contained adjective-noun pairs in which the adjective was either correctly inflected with a word-final schwa (e.g., een spannende roman, "a suspenseful novel") or incorrectly uninflected without that schwa (een spannend roman). Consistent with previous findings, the uninflected adjectives elicited an electrical brain response sensitive to syntactic violations when the talker was speaking in a careful manner...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124064/tone-attrition-in-mandarin-speakers-of-varying-english-proficiency
#19
Carolyn Quam, Sarah C Creel
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the degree of dominance of Mandarin-English bilinguals' languages affects phonetic processing of tone content in their native language, Mandarin. Method: We tested 72 Mandarin-English bilingual college students with a range of language-dominance profiles in the 2 languages and ages of acquisition of English. Participants viewed 2 photographs at a time while hearing a familiar Mandarin word referring to 1 photograph...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119400/dynamic-encoding-of-acoustic-features-in-neural-responses-to-continuous-speech
#20
Bahar Khalighinejad, Guilherme Cruzatto da Silva, Nima Mesgarani
: Humans are unique in their ability to communicate using spoken language. However, it remains unclear how the speech signal is transformed and represented in the brain at different stages of the auditory pathway. In this study, we characterized electroencephalography (EEG) responses to continuous speech by obtaining the time-locked responses to phoneme instances (phoneme-related potential, PRP). We showed that responses to different phoneme categories are organized by phonetic features...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
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