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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319545/patient-reported-outcomes-after-lateral-wall-sinus-floor-elevation-a-systematic-review
#1
Faris Younes, Aryan Eghbali, Thomas Goemaere, Thomas De Bruyckere, Jan Cosyn
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review is to assess patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) after a sinus lift elevation by means of a lateral approach. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An electronic search was performed to search for eligible publications reporting PROMs after a lateral wall sinus lift procedure. Selected articles were further scrutinized and underwent a quality check before inclusion in a final study pool. RESULTS: The electronic search provided us with 2444 articles of which 98 were further examined through a full-text analysis...
January 9, 2018: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313414/a-survey-of-phonological-mid-vowel-intuitions-in-central-catalan
#2
Margaret E L Renwick, Marianna Nadeu
Catalan, like other Romance languages, has two pairs of phonemic mid vowels (/be/ "well" vs. /bɛ/ "lamb"; /os/ "bear" vs. /ɔs/ "bone"). However, these contrasts do not function like others in the language: they are partially phonologically conditioned, and evidence shows that words may be pronounced with different mid vowels by speakers of the same variety or even by the same speaker. Spanish may influence this instability, as first-language Spanish Catalan-Spanish bilinguals struggle to perceive and produce the contrast...
January 1, 2018: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306068/the-speech-perception-skills-of-children-with-and-without-speech-sound-disorder
#3
Stephanie Hearnshaw, Elise Baker, Natalie Munro
PURPOSE: To investigate whether Australian-English speaking children with and without speech sound disorder (SSD) differ in their overall speech perception accuracy. Additionally, to investigate differences in the perception of specific phonemes and the association between speech perception and speech production skills. METHOD: Twenty-five Australian-English speaking children aged 48-60 months participated in this study. The SSD group included 12 children and the typically developing (TD) group included 13 children...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302294/severe-tetracycline-dental-discoloration-restoration-with-conventional-feldspathic-ceramic-veneers-a-clinical-report
#4
Vicente Faus-Matoses, Ignacio Faus-Matoses, Esther Ruiz-Bell, Vicente J Faus-Llácer
The treatment of severe tetracycline discoloration is a challenge for the dentist. There are several treatment options and one of the most effective is the use of feldspathic veneers. The aim of this clinical case was to carry out the replacement with conventional feldspathic ceramic veneers on a patient with highly stained teeth (grade IV tetracycline) by a minimally invasive approach. Clinical examination revealed gingival retraction, color change of the veneers, ceramic cracked of 1.1 and 1.3 and incisal wear in lower anterior teeth...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289115/phonetic-similarity-of-s-in-native-and-second-language-individual-differences-in-learning-curves
#5
Hugo Quené, Rosemary Orr, David van Leeuwen
Second language learners may merge similar sounds from their native (L1) and second (L2) languages into a single phonetic category, neutralizing subphonemic differences in these similar sounds. This study investigates whether Dutch speakers produce phonetically distinct variants of /s/ in their L1 Dutch and L2 English, and whether and how this phonetic categorization develops over time. Target /s/ sounds in matching words in L1 and L2 were compared in their centre of spectral gravity. Speakers varied in their individual learning curves in the categorization of produced /s/ sounds, both in starting points and in longitudinal trajectories...
December 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289078/native-phonological-processing-abilities-predict-post-consolidation-nonnative-contrast-learning-in-adults
#6
F Sayako Earle, Dana T Arthur
This study examined the relationship between native phonological processing ability and the learning outcome of a trained nonnative (Hindi /ɖ/ - / d̪/) contrast. Participants were perceptually trained and assessed in the evening, and reassessed early the next morning. Native phonological processing ability did not predict the learning of the nonnative contrasts on Day 1. However, after a period of post-training sleep, Blending ability predicted nonnative Discrimination performance, and Nonword Repetition predicted nonnative Identification...
December 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285844/-mummy-keep-it-steady-phonetic-variation-shapes-word-learning-at-15-and-17-months
#7
Paola Escudero, Karen E Mulak, Jaydene Elvin, Nicole M Traynor
Fifteen-month-olds have difficulty detecting differences between novel words differing in a single vowel. Previous work showed that Australian English (AusE) infants habituated to the word-object pair DEET detected an auditory switch to DIT and DOOT in Canadian English (CanE) but not in their native AusE (Escudero et al., ). The authors speculated that this may be because the vowel inherent spectral change variation (VISC) in AusE DEET is larger than in CanE DEET. We investigated whether VISC leads to difficulty in encoding phonetic detail during early word learning, and whether this difficulty dissipates with age...
December 29, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284974/case-presentation-of-two-maxillectomy-patients-restored-with-two-piece-hollow-bulb-obturator-retained-using-two-different-types-of-magnets
#8
B Devi Parameswari, M Rajakumar, N Jagadesaan, H Annapoorni
Palatal defect can be repaired by reconstructive surgery and/or a dental prosthesis. We present prosthodontic rehabilitation of two partially edentulous patients, both with surgically induced palatal defect and explains how to achieve the goal for esthetics and phonetics. This also describes the fabrication of a hollow obturator by two piece method, which is simple and may be used as definitive obturator for maximum comfort of the patient. In both the above cases, since the mouth opening is restricted due to surgery, obturator prosthesis is given as two pieces retained with opposite poles of magnet, which facilitates the removal and insertion of the prosthesis...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280405/lexical-segmentation-in-artificial-word-learning-the-effects-of-converging-sublexical-cues
#9
Odile Bagou, Ulrich Hans Frauenfelder
This study examines how French listeners segment and learn new words of artificial languages varying in the presence of different combinations of sublexical segmentation cues. The first experiment investigated the contribution of three different types of sublexical cues (acoustic-phonetic, phonological and prosodic cues) to word learning. The second experiment explored how participants specifically exploited sublexical prosodic cues. Whereas complementary cues signaling word-initial and word-final boundaries had synergistic effects on word learning in the first experiment, the two manipulated prosodic cues redundantly signaling word-final boundaries in the second experiment were rank-ordered with final pitch variations being more weighted than final lengthening...
March 1, 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280401/spectral-coefficient-analyses-of-word-initial-stop-consonant-productions-suggest-similar-anticipatory-coarticulation-for-stuttering-and-nonstuttering-adults
#10
Santosh Maruthy, Yongqiang Feng, Ludo Max
A longstanding hypothesis about the sensorimotor mechanisms underlying stuttering suggests that stuttered speech dysfluencies result from a lack of coarticulation. Formant-based measures of either the stuttered or fluent speech of children and adults who stutter have generally failed to obtain compelling evidence in support of the hypothesis that these individuals differ in the timing or degree of coarticulation. Here, we used a sensitive acoustic technique-spectral coefficient analyses-that allowed us to compare stuttering and nonstuttering speakers with regard to vowel-dependent anticipatory influences as early as the onset burst of a preceding voiceless stop consonant...
March 1, 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258652/phonemic-feature-involvement-in-lexical-access-in-grades-3-and-5-evidence-from-visual-and-auditory-lexical-decision-tasks
#11
Karinne Sauval, Laetitia Perre, Séverine Casalis
Numerous studies have evidenced the involvement of the phonological code during visual word recognition not only in skilled adult readers but also in child readers. Moreover, in skilled adult readers, visual word processing has been shown to be sensitive to phonetic details such as phonemic features (e.g., manner of articulation, place of articulation, voicing and nasality in French) which are typically involved in phonological lexicon access during speech processing. In contrast, it is not known whether and when visual word recognition is affected by phonemic features during learning to read...
December 16, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250017/-when-music-speaks-auditory-cortex-morphology-as-a-neuroanatomical-marker-of-language-aptitude-and-musicality
#12
Sabrina Turker, Susanne M Reiterer, Annemarie Seither-Preisler, Peter Schneider
Recent research has shown that the morphology of certain brain regions may indeed correlate with a number of cognitive skills such as musicality or language ability. The main aim of the present study was to explore the extent to which foreign language aptitude, in particular phonetic coding ability, is influenced by the morphology of Heschl's gyrus (HG; auditory cortex), working memory capacity, and musical ability. In this study, the auditory cortices of German-speaking individuals (N = 30; 13 males/17 females; aged 20-40 years) with high and low scores in a number of language aptitude tests were compared...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248497/electrophysiological-evidence-for-audio-visuo-lingual-speech-integration
#13
Avril Treille, Coriandre Vilain, Jean-Luc Schwartz, Thomas Hueber, Marc Sato
Recent neurophysiological studies demonstrate that audio-visual speech integration partly operates through temporal expectations and speech-specific predictions. From these results, one common view is that the binding of auditory and visual, lipread, speech cues relies on their joint probability and prior associative audio-visual experience. The present EEG study examined whether visual tongue movements integrate with relevant speech sounds, despite little associative audio-visual experience between the two modalities...
December 14, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241398/effects-of-exposure-and-vowel-space-distribution-on-phonetic-drift-evidence-from-american-english-learners-of-french
#14
Benjamin Lang, Lisa Davidson
Recent work by Chang has shown that even at the very earliest stages of second language (L2) acquisition, the phonetic implementation of speakers' native English phoneme categories is slightly modified by contact with L2 Korean, which is referred to as "phonetic drift." This study investigates whether rapid phonetic drift generalizes to another pairing of languages. We examined naïve American English learners of French, who were recorded producing both American English and French vowels after one and six weeks of a study abroad program in Paris...
December 1, 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224774/australian-children-with-cleft-palate-achieve-age-appropriate-speech-by-5-years-of-age
#15
Antonia Chacon, Melissa Parkin, Kate Broome, Alison Purcell
INTRODUCTION: Children with cleft palate demonstrate atypical speech sound development, which can influence their intelligibility, literacy and learning. There is limited documentation regarding how speech sound errors change over time in cleft palate speech and the effect that these errors have upon mono-versus polysyllabic word production. The objective of this study was to examine the phonetic and phonological speech skills of children with cleft palate at ages 3 and 5. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational design was used...
December 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214307/single-word-speech-intelligibility-in-children-and-adults-with-down-syndrome
#16
Alyssa Wild, Houri K Vorperian, Ray D Kent, Daniel M Bolt, Diane Austin
Purpose: A single-word identification test was used to study speech production in children and adults with Down syndrome (DS) to determine the developmental pattern of speech intelligibility with an emphasis on vowels. Method: Speech recordings were collected from 62 participants with DS aged 4-40 years and 25 typically developing participants aged 4-7 years. Panels of 5 adult lay listeners transcribed the speech recordings orthographically, and their responses were scored in comparison with the speakers' target words...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195773/cognitive-deficits-in-bipolar-disorders-implications-for-emotion
#17
REVIEW
Isabela M M Lima, Andrew D Peckham, Sheri L Johnson
Prominent cognitive deficits have been documented in bipolar disorder, and multiple studies suggest that these deficits can be observed among non-affected first-degree relatives of those with bipolar disorder. Although there is variability in the degree of cognitive deficits, these deficits are robustly relevant for functional outcomes. A separate literature documents clear difficulties in emotionality, emotion regulation, and emotion-relevant impulsivity within bipolar disorder, and demonstrates that these emotion-relevant variables are also central to outcome...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195723/a-non-language-specific-speech-test-to-evaluate-the-speech-of-cleft-patients-from-different-language-and-cultural-backgrounds-a-pilot-study
#18
Heiko Cornelis Kleinfeld, Ann Christina Foldenauer, Mehrangiz Ghassemi, Ali Modabber, Bijan Movahedian Attar, Syed Sayeed Ahmed, Christiane Neuschaefer-Rube, Alireza Ghassemi
Cleft speech tests are not universally available. We developed a tool to fill this gap, especially in the context of a cleft mission setting. We performed a pilot study to evaluate the test's ability to differentiate between the speech of cleft patients and healthy individuals from three different language backgrounds. We used 78 made-up, nonsensical syllables to evaluate hypernasality, nasal emissions, and consonant errors. Cleft (n = 41) and non-cleft (n = 39) individuals from three countries were included in this study...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195437/a-revised-metric-for-calculating-acoustic-dispersion-applied-to-stop-inventories
#19
Ivy Hauser
Dispersion Theory [DT; Liljencrants and Lindblom (1972). Language 12(1), 839-862] claims that acoustically dispersed vowel inventories should be typologically common. Dispersion is often quantified using triangle area between three mean vowel formant points. This approach is problematic; it ignores distributions, which affect speech perception [Clayards, Tanenhaus, Aslin, and Jacobs (2008). Cognition 108, 804-809]. This letter proposes a revised metric for calculating dispersion which incorporates covariance...
November 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195426/acoustic-realization-of-mandarin-neutral-tone-and-tone-sandhi-in-infant-directed-speech-and-lombard-speech
#20
Ping Tang, Nan Xu Rattanasone, Ivan Yuen, Katherine Demuth
Mandarin lexical tones are modified in both infant-directed speech (IDS) and Lombard speech, resulting in tone hyperarticulation. However, it is unclear if these registers also alter contextual tones (neutral tone and tone sandhi) and if such phonetic modification might affect acquisition of these tones. This study therefore examined how neutral tone and tone sandhi are realized in IDS, and how their acoustic manifestations compare with those in Lombard speech, where the communicative needs of listeners differ...
November 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
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