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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729915/the-concomitant-association-of-thyroid-disorders-and-myasthenia-gravis
#1
Yu-Pei Lin, Usman Iqbal, Phung-Anh Nguyen, Md Mohaimenul Islam, Suleman Atique, Wen-Shan Jian, Yu-Chuan Jack Li, Chen-Ling Huang, Chung-Huei Hsu
BACKGROUND: Some of the thyroid disorders (TD) and Myasthenia gravis (MG) are autoimmune related disease. The purpose of the study to evaluate the relationship of MG with all morphological and functional thyroid disorders. METHODS: We constructed a population-based cohort study during the period from January 2000-December 2002 by using reimbursement data from the Bureau National Health Insurance (NHI) system in Taiwan. Patients with TD and MG were identified by referring to the ICD-9-CM codes...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728092/checking-the-predictive-accuracy-of-basic-symptoms-against-ultra-high-risk-criteria-and-testing-of-a-multivariable-prediction-model-evidence-from-a-prospective-three-year-observational-study-of-persons-at-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis
#2
M P Hengartner, K Heekeren, D Dvorsky, S Walitza, W Rössler, A Theodoridou
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to critically examine the prognostic validity of various clinical high-risk (CHR) criteria alone and in combination with additional clinical characteristics. METHODS: A total of 188 CHR positive persons from the region of Zurich, Switzerland (mean age 20.5 years; 60.2% male), meeting ultra high-risk (UHR) and/or basic symptoms (BS) criteria, were followed over three years. The test battery included the Structured Interview for Prodromal Syndromes (SIPS), verbal IQ and many other screening tools...
June 3, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727677/surveillance-for-silicosis-deaths-among-persons-aged-15-44-years-united-states-1999-2015
#3
Jacek M Mazurek, John M Wood, Patricia L Schleiff, David N Weissman
Silicosis is usually a disease of long latency affecting mostly older workers; therefore, silicosis deaths in young adults (aged 15-44 years) suggests acute or accelerated disease.* To understand the circumstances surrounding silicosis deaths among young persons, CDC analyzed the underlying and contributing causes(†) of death using multiple cause-of-death data (1999-2015) and industry and occupation information abstracted from death certificates (1999-2013). During 1999-2015, among 55 pneumoconiosis deaths of young adults with International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) code J62 (pneumoconiosis due to dust containing silica),(§) 38 (69%) had code J62...
July 21, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727253/systemic-treatment-for-sarcoidosis-was-needed-for-16-of-1810-caucasian-patients
#4
Magdalena M Martusewicz-Boros, Piotr W Boros, Elżbieta Wiatr, Justyna Fijołek, Kazimierz Roszkowski-Śliż
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease predominantly affecting the lungs, although granulomas can also involve all other organs. Fortunately, it is often a self-limiting disease and aggressive treatment is not indicated in majority of cases. However, treatment is recommended when critical organs are affected or the disease is progressive. So far, there is lack of reliable information regarding the frequency of treatment in Caucasian population or data are discordant...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726238/a-patch-to-the-nyu-emergency-department-visit-algorithm
#5
Kenton J Johnston, Lindsay Allen, Taylor A Melanson, Stephen R Pitts
OBJECTIVE: To document erosion in the New York University Emergency Department (ED) visit algorithm's capability to classify ED visits and to provide a "patch" to the algorithm. DATA SOURCES: The Nationwide Emergency Department Sample. STUDY DESIGN: We used bivariate models to assess whether the percentage of visits unclassifiable by the algorithm increased due to annual changes to ICD-9 diagnosis codes. We updated the algorithm with ICD-9 and ICD-10 codes added since 2001...
August 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726135/increasing-bile-duct-injury-and-decreasing-utilization-of-intraoperative-cholangiogram-and-common-bile-duct-exploration-over-14%C3%A2-years-an-analysis-of-outcomes-in-new-york-state
#6
Maria S Altieri, Jie Yang, Nabeel Obeid, Chencan Zhu, Mark Talamini, Aurora Pryor
INTRODUCTION: During laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), common bile duct (CBD) visualization either directly or with cholangiography (IOC) is less routine. Cholangiography can be used to identify and possibly prevent bile duct injury (BDI), which is a dreaded complication of cholecystectomy. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the trend of IOC/CBD exploration and BDI during LC for benign disease. METHODS: A state-wide database (SPARCS) was used to identify all LC for benign biliary non-obstructive and obstructive disease between 2000 and 2014 in the state of New York...
July 19, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725166/tuberculosis-and-hiv-are-the-leading-causes-of-adult-death-in-northwest-ethiopia-evidence-from-verbal-autopsy-data-of-dabat-health-and-demographic-surveillance-system-2007-2013
#7
Yigzaw Kebede, Gashaw Andargie, Abebaw Gebeyehu, Tadesse Awoke, Mezgebu Yitayal, Solomon Mekonnen, Mamo Wubshet, Temesgen Azmeraw, Yihunie Lakew, Kassahun Alemu
BACKGROUND: Reliable data on causes of death form the basis for building evidence on health policy, planning, monitoring, and evaluation. In Ethiopia, the majority of deaths occur at home and civil registration systems are not yet functional. The main objective of verbal autopsy (VA) is to describe the causes of death at the community or population level where civil registration and death certification systems are weak and where most people die at home without having had contact with the health system...
2017: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724369/acculturation-and-other-risk-factors-of-depressive-disorders-in-individuals-with-turkish-migration-backgrounds
#8
Hanna Janssen-Kallenberg, Holger Schulz, Ulrike Kluge, Jens Strehle, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Uwe Wolfradt, Uwe Koch-Gromus, Andreas Heinz, Mike Mösko, Demet Dingoyan
BACKGROUND: Acculturation is a long-term, multi-dimensional process occurring when subjects of different cultures stay in continuous contact. Previous studies have suggested that elevated rates of depression among different migrant groups might be due to patterns of acculturation and migration related risk factors. This paper focused on prevalence rates of depressive disorders and related risk factors among individuals with Turkish migration backgrounds. METHODS: A population-based sample of 662 individuals with Turkish migration backgrounds were interviewed by bilingual interviewers using a standardised diagnostic interview for DSM-IV-TR and ICD-10 diagnoses (CIDI DIA-X Version 2...
July 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724134/association-of-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-with-survival-in-patients-with-and-without-improved-ejection-fraction-secondary-analysis-of-the-sudden-cardiac-death-in-heart-failure-trial
#9
Selcuk Adabag, Kristen K Patton, Alfred E Buxton, Thomas S Rector, Kristine E Ensrud, Kairav Vakil, Wayne C Levy, Jeanne E Poole
Importance: Improvement in left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) to >35% occurs in many patients with reduced EF at baseline. To our knowledge, whether implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy improves survival for these patients is unknown. Objective: To examine the efficacy of ICD therapy in reducing risk of all-cause mortality and sudden cardiac death among patients with an EF ≤35% at baseline, with or without an improvement in EF to >35% during follow-up...
July 1, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723830/early-versus-delayed-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-for-patients-with-non-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#10
Le Dung Ha, Gbolahan Ogunbayo, Ayman Elbadawi, Odunayo Olorunfemi, Adrian Messerli
BACKGROUND: Although coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) has been proven to have mortality and morbidity benefits in patients with non-ST elevation myocardial infarction and multivessel disease, the appropriate timing of this procedure remains unclear. Therefore, we proposed a propensity score-matched analysis comparing the clinical outcomes between patients who underwent CABG within the first 48 h of admission (early CABG) and patients who underwent CABG after 48 h of admission (delayed CABG)...
July 18, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723587/evaluation-of-an-electronic-clinical-decision-support-tool-for-incident-elevated-bp-in-adolescents
#11
Elyse Olshen Kharbanda, Stephen E Asche, Alan Sinaiko, James D Nordin, Heidi L Ekstrom, Patricia Fontaine, Steven P Dehmer, Nancy E Sherwood, Patrick J O'Connor
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate, among adolescents 10-17 years with an incident hypertensive BP (≥95(th) percentile) at a primary care visit, whether TeenBP, a novel electronic health record (EHR) linked clinical decision support tool (CDS), improved recognition of elevated BP and return for follow-up BP evaluation. METHODS: We conducted a pragmatic cluster randomized trial in 20 primary care clinics in a large Midwestern medical group. Ten clinics received the TeenBP CDS, including an alert to remeasure a hypertensive BP at that visit, an alert that a hypertensive BP should be repeated in 1-3 weeks and patient-specific order sets...
July 16, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720463/incidence-rates-of-guillain-barr%C3%A3-gbs-chronic-fatigue-systemic-exertion-intolerance-disease-cfs-seid-and-postural-orthostatic-tachycardia-syndrome-pots-prior-to-introduction-of-human-papilloma-virus-hpv-vaccination-among-adolescent-girls-in-finland-2002-2012
#12
J Skufca, J Ollgren, E Ruokokoski, O Lyytikäinen, H Nohynek
BACKGROUND: In Finland a vaccination programme against human papillomavirus (HPV) was introduced in November 2013 for girls aged 11-12 years with a catchup for girls 13-15 years. Allegations that HPV vaccine is causing Guillain Barré syndrome (GBS) and non-specific diagnostic entities, such as chronic fatigue syndrome/systemic exertion intolerance disease (CFS/SEID) and postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS), continue to surface. We examined population register-based incidence rates of CFS/SEID, GBS and POTS to provide baseline data for future HPV vaccine safety evaluations...
June 2017: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719502/safety-of-quadrivalent-meningococcal-conjugate-vaccine-in-children-2-10-years
#13
Sara Y Tartof, Lina S Sy, Bradley K Ackerson, Rulin C Hechter, Mendel Haag, Jeffrey M Slezak, Yi Luo, Christine A Fischetti, Harp S Takhar, Yan Miao, Zendi Solano, Steven J Jacobsen, Hung-Fu Tseng
BACKGROUND: Quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine is recommended for children, adolescents, and adults at increased risk of meningococcal disease. In 2011, MenACWY-CRM (Menveo, GSK) was approved for children aged 2-10 years in the U.S. Although no safety concerns arose from clinical trials, it remains important to monitor its safety in routine clinical settings. METHODS: Kaiser Permanente Southern California members 2-10 years old who received MenACWY-CRM between September 2011 and September 2014 were included...
July 14, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718871/-brief-instruments-in-german-for-the-assessment-of-disordered-eating
#14
Felicitas Richter, Bernhard Strauß, Uwe Berger
The development of brief instruments is an important area in the clinical and psychological assessment in the past years. Brief instruments reveal many advantages due to their efficiency and shortness for the users. However, the psychometric standards of development and validation were often neglected during the construction of short forms. The current overview presents 6 brief instruments for the assessment of disordered eating and eating disorders in German: Eating Attitudes Test 8 (EAT-8), Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire 8 (EDE-Q8) and the child version (ChEDE-Q8), ICD-10-Symptom-Rating subscale eating disorders (ISR-E), SCOFF questionnaire, and Short Evaluation of Eating Disorders (SEED)...
June 29, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716042/tuberculosis-and-hiv-are-the-leading-causes-of-adult-death-in-northwest-ethiopia-evidence-from-verbal-autopsy-data-of-dabat-health-and-demographic-surveillance-system-2007-2013
#15
Yigzaw Kebede, Gashaw Andargie, Abebaw Gebeyehu, Tadesse Awoke, Mezgebu Yitayal, Solomon Mekonnen, Mamo Wubshet, Temesgen Azmeraw, Yihunie Lakew, Kassahun Alemu
BACKGROUND: Reliable data on causes of death form the basis for building evidence on health policy, planning, monitoring, and evaluation. In Ethiopia, the majority of deaths occur at home and civil registration systems are not yet functional. The main objective of verbal autopsy (VA) is to describe the causes of death at the community or population level where civil registration and death certification systems are weak and where most people die at home without having had contact with the health system...
July 17, 2017: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712151/the-incidence-of-public-sector-hospitalisations-due-to-dog-bites-in-australia-2001-2013
#16
Mithun Rajshekar, Leigh Blizzard, Roberta Julian, Anne-Marie Williams, Marc Tennant, Alex Forrest, Laurence J Walsh, Gary Wilson
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence of dog bite-related injuries requiring public sector hospitalisation in Australia during the period 2001-13. METHODS: Summary data on public sector hospitalisations due to dog bite-related injuries with an ICD 10-AM W54.0 coding were sourced from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare for the study period 2001-2013. RESULTS: In Australia, on average, 2,061 persons were hospitalised each year for treatment for dog bite injuries at an annual rate of 12...
July 16, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709115/development-and-validation-of-the-korea-dementia-comorbidity-index-kdci-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study-from-2002-to-2013
#17
Jae-Hyun Kim, Ki-Bong Yoo, Yunhwan Lee
This study develop and validate a simple and accessible measure of comorbidity, named the Korean Dementia Comorbidity index (KDCI), to assist in predicting the onset of dementia. This study used the National Health Insurance Service-Cohort Sample Database from 2002 to 2013 (n=23,856). Cox proportional hazard model was used to estimate incident dementia (International Classification of Disease, 10th edition (ICD-10) codes: F00-F03, G30, G311), with a hazard ratio higher than 1.05 for each comorbid condition being assigned a score...
September 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708197/risk-stratification-personalised-model-for-prediction-of-life-threatening-ventricular-tachyarrhythmias-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#18
Alexander Vladimirovich Frolov, Tatjana Gennadjevna Vaikhanskaya, Olga Petrovna Melnikova, Anatoly Pavlovich Vorobiev, Ludmila Michajlovna Guel
BACKGROUND: The development of prognostic factors of life-threatening ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VTA) and sudden cardiac death (SCD) continues to maintain its priority and relevance in cardiology. The development of a method of personalised prognosis based on multifactorial analysis of the risk factors associated with life-threatening heart rhythm disturbances is considered a key research and clinical task. AIM: To design a prognostic and mathematical model to define personalised risk for life-threatening VTA in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF)...
2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705600/poor-medication-adherence-and-risk-of-relapse-associated-with-continued-cannabis-use-in-patients-with-first-episode-psychosis-a-prospective-analysis
#19
Tabea Schoeler, Natalia Petros, Marta Di Forti, Ewa Klamerus, Enrico Foglia, Robin Murray, Sagnik Bhattacharyya
BACKGROUND: Cannabis use following the onset of first-episode psychosis has been linked to both increased risk of relapse and non-adherence with antipsychotic medication. Whether poor outcome associated with cannabis use is mediated through an adverse effect of cannabis on medication adherence is unclear. METHODS: In a prospective analysis of data acquired from four different adult inpatient and outpatient units of the South London and Maudsley Mental Health National Health Service Foundation Trust in London, UK, 245 patients were followed up for 2 years from the onset of first-episode psychosis...
July 10, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705240/a-rule-based-electronic-phenotyping-algorithm-for-detecting-clinically-relevant-cardiovascular-disease-cases
#20
Santiago Esteban, Manuel Rodríguez Tablado, Ricardo Ignacio Ricci, Sergio Terrasa, Karin Kopitowski
BACKGROUND: The implementation of electronic medical records (EMR) is becoming increasingly common. Error and data loss reduction, patient-care efficiency increase, decision-making assistance and facilitation of event surveillance, are some of the many processes that EMRs help improve. In addition, they show a lot of promise in terms of data collection to facilitate observational epidemiological studies and their use for this purpose has increased significantly over the recent years...
July 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
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