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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645024/prevalence-of-depression-comparisons-of-different-depression-definitions-in-population-based-samples-of-older-adults
#1
Linnea Sjöberg, Björn Karlsson, Anna-Rita Atti, Ingmar Skoog, Laura Fratiglioni, Hui-Xin Wang
BACKGROUND: Depression prevalence in older adults varies largely across studies, which probably reflects methodological rather than true differences. This study aims to explore whether and to what extent the prevalence of depression varies when using different diagnostic criteria and rating scales, and various samples of older adults. METHODS: A population-based sample of 3353 individuals aged 60-104 years from the Swedish National Study on Aging and Care in Kungsholmen (SNAC-K) were examined in 2001-2004...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642983/-hebephrenia-a%C3%A2-viable-psychopathological-construct
#2
REVIEW
M Jäger, T Becker, M E Wigand
Ewald Hecker was the first psychiatrist to describe the disease entity of hebephrenia in some detail, focusing mainly on disturbances of affect. Later Emil Kraepelin and Eugen Bleuler saw hebephrenia as a subtype of dementia praecox or schizophrenia. Willy Mayer-Gross and Karl Leonhard characterized hebephrenia with highly differentiated psychopathological descriptions, whereas this construct only played a minor role in the works of Klaus Conrad and Kurt Schneider. The International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) lists hebephrenia as a subtype of schizophrenia but in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) no subtypes of schizophrenia are mentioned and the concept of hebephrenia is thus lost...
June 22, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641796/cardiac-sympathetic-denervation-for-refractory-ventricular-arrhythmias
#3
Marmar Vaseghi, Parag Barwad, Federico J Malavassi Corrales, Harikrishna Tandri, Nilesh Mathuria, Rushil Shah, Julie M Sorg, Jean Gima, Kaushik Mandal, Luis C Sàenz Morales, Yash Lokhandwala, Kalyanam Shivkumar
BACKGROUND: Cardiac sympathetic denervation (CSD) has been shown to reduce the burden of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) shocks in small series of patients with structural heart disease (SHD) and recurrent ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VT). OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the value of CSD and the characteristics associated with outcomes in this population. METHODS: Patients with SHD who underwent CSD for refractory VT or VT storm at 5 international centers were analyzed by the International Cardiac Sympathetic Denervation Collaborative Group...
June 27, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641361/maternal-alcohol-use-disorder-and-risk-of-child-contact-with-the-justice-system-in-western-australia-a-population-cohort-record-linkage-study
#4
Katherine Hafekost, David Lawrence, Colleen O'Leary, Carol Bower, James Semmens, Stephen R Zubrick
BACKGROUND: Early contact with the justice system is associated with a multitude of negative outcomes across the life course. This includes an increased risk of ongoing justice contact, social disadvantage and marginalization, and mental health and substance use issues. Children whose mothers have an alcohol use disorder may be at risk of early justice system contact, and we sought to quantify this relationship in a Western Australian cohort. METHODS: This population cohort study made use of linked administrative data...
June 22, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638954/palliative-home-care-for-patients-with-advanced-haematological-malignancies-a-multicenter-survey
#5
F Kaiser, L V Rudloff, U Vehling-Kaiser, W Hollburg, F Nauck, B Alt-Epping
Patients with advanced haematological malignancies in non-curative settings suffer from complex physical symptoms and psychosocial distress, comparable to patients with solid tumour entities. Nevertheless, numerous problems at the interface between haematology and palliative home care have been described. From January 2011 until October 2014, we performed a retrospective, multicenter analysis of all patients with haematological malignancies (ICD 10: C81-C95) being treated by the respective specialized palliative home care (SAPV) team...
June 21, 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637333/infections-in-early-life-and-development-of-celiac-disease
#6
Andreas Beyerlein, Ewan Donnachie, Anette-Gabriele Ziegler
Early infections have been suggested to be associated with increased risk for later celiac disease (CD). We analyzed prospective claims data of n = 295,420 infants from Bavaria, Germany, born between 2005 and 2007 containing information on medically attended infectious diseases according to ICD-10 code on a quarterly basis to calculate hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals of time to CD diagnosis by infection exposure, adjusting for sex, calendar month of birth and number of previous healthcare visits...
June 16, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637097/coding-proforma-in-tnflo-clinic-from-a-uk-center-an-audit-of-85-procedures
#7
Hassan Mohammed, David Chrastek, Liam Masterson, Ramez Nassif
Within the NHS and other health service providers, alphanumeric clinical coding has been introduced as a common language to interpret and compare mortality and morbidity data (1) . The two systems of clinical coding commonly utilised are the International Classification of Diseases 10 (ICD-10) devised by the World Health Organisation(1) and the Office of Population Censuses and Surveys 4 (OPCS-4) published in the UK by the Health and Social Care Information Centre (2) . This article is protected by copyright...
June 21, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636575/the-temperament-and-character-traits-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-and-bipolar-affective-disorder-with-and-without-suicide-attempt
#8
Anamarija Petek Erić, Ivan Erić, Mario Ćurković, Katarina Dodig-Ćurković, Kristina Kralik, Vlatka Kovač, Pavo Filaković
BACKGROUND: Suicide and mood disorders (especially major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar affective disorder (BD)) represent a significant global health burden. Major depressive disorder and bipolar affective disorder have been associated with increased risk for suicide. Some specific suicide risk factors might be found in underlying individual personality traits. Specific personality features may predispose an individual to mood disorders (MDD or BD) hence increased suicide risk...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636573/prescribing-patterns-for-inpatients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-in-a-psychiatric-hospital-in-slovenia-results-of-16-month-prospective-non-interventional-clinical-research
#9
Cvetka Bačar Bole, Mitja Pišlar, Aleš Mrhar, Rok Tavčar
BACKGROUND: In Slovenia, there has been no evidence about the prescribing patterns for inpatients with psychotic disorders. The research aims to analyze drug utilization patterns for inpatients with psychotic disorder that are coded as F20-F29 according to International Classification of Diseases (ICD) 10(th) revision (schizophrenia spectrum disorders). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Prospective research was conducted at the Psychiatric Hospital Idrija. The medical records of the inpatients admitted over a 12-month period were collected from the beginning to the end of their hospitalization...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633449/night-work-as-a-risk-factor-of-future-disability-pension-due-to-musculoskeletal-diagnoses-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-swedish-twins
#10
Sanna Kärkkäinen, Annina Ropponen, Jurgita Narusyte, Lisa Mather, Torbjörn Åkerstedt, Karri Silventoinen, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz, Pia Svedberg
Background: This study investigated the associations between night work, sleep and disability pension (DP) due to musculoskeletal disorders (MSD), while controlling for several confounding factors including both genetic factors and shared family background. Methods: The study sample consisted of 27 165 Swedish twin individuals born in 1935-58 with comprehensive survey data on sociodemographic, health and lifestyle factors. Night work was assessed as years of working hours at night at least every now and then, and categorized into 'not at all, 1-10 years and over 10 years'...
June 19, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633049/physical-activity-correlates-among-24-230-people-with-depression-across-46-low-and-middle-income-countries
#11
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Joseph Firth, Mats Hallgren, Felipe Schuch, Jouni Lahti, Simon Rosenbaum, Philip B Ward, James Mugisha, André F Carvalho, Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of nationally representative data available on the correlates of physical activity (PA) among people with depression, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Thus, we investigated PA correlates among community-dwelling adults with depression in this setting. METHODS: World Health Survey data included 24,230 adults (43.1 ± 16.1 years; 36.1% male) with ICD-10 diagnoses of depression including brief depressive episode and subsyndromal depression aged ≥ 18 years from 46 LMICs...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632739/validity-of-a-minimally-invasive-autopsy-tool-for-cause-of-death-determination-in-pediatric-deaths-in-mozambique-an-observational-study
#12
Quique Bassat, Paola Castillo, Miguel J Martínez, Dercio Jordao, Lucilia Lovane, Juan Carlos Hurtado, Tacilta Nhampossa, Paula Santos Ritchie, Sónia Bandeira, Calvino Sambo, Valeria Chicamba, Mamudo R Ismail, Carla Carrilho, Cesaltina Lorenzoni, Fabiola Fernandes, Pau Cisteró, Alfredo Mayor, Anelsio Cossa, Inacio Mandomando, Mireia Navarro, Isaac Casas, Jordi Vila, Khátia Munguambe, Maria Maixenchs, Ariadna Sanz, Llorenç Quintó, Eusebio Macete, Pedro Alonso, Clara Menéndez, Jaume Ordi
BACKGROUND: In recent decades, the world has witnessed unprecedented progress in child survival. However, our knowledge of what is killing nearly 6 million children annually in low- and middle-income countries remains poor, partly because of the inadequacy and reduced precision of the methods currently utilized in these settings to investigate causes of death (CoDs). The study objective was to validate the use of a minimally invasive autopsy (MIA) approach as an adequate and more acceptable substitute for the complete diagnostic autopsy (CDA) for pediatric CoD investigation in a poor setting...
June 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632149/association-between-air-pollution-and-emergency-room-visits-for-atrial-fibrillation
#13
Angelo G Solimini, Matteo Renzi
Despite the large prevalence in the population, possible factors responsible for the induction of atrial fibrillation (AF) events in susceptible individuals remain incompletely understood. We investigated the association between air pollution levels and emergency department admissions for AF in Rome. We conducted a 14 years' time-series study to evaluate the association between the daily levels of air pollution (particulate matter, PM10 and PM2.5, and nitrogen dioxide, NO₂) and the daily count of emergency accesses for AF (ICD-9 code: 427...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632072/maternal-obesity-obstetric-interventions-and-post-partum-anaemia-increase-the-risk-of-post-partum-sepsis-a-population-based-cohort-study-based-on-swedish-medical-health-registers
#14
Daniel Axelsson, Marie Blomberg
BACKGROUND: The objective was to estimate whether maternal obesity and/or obstetric interventions are associated with diagnosed maternal post-partum sepsis. METHODS: A retrospective observational cohort study including all deliveries in Sweden between 1997 and 2012 (N = 1,558,752). Cases of sepsis (n = 376) were identified by International Classification of Diseases, (ICD-10) codes A40, A41 and O 85 in the Medical Birth Register and the National Patient Register...
June 20, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631695/-chronic-stress-and-mental-disorders-in-patients-with-systemic-scleroderma-results-of-an-interdisciplinary-study
#15
O F Seravina, T A Lisitsyna, M N Starovoytova, O V Desinova, O B Kovalevskaya, D Yu Veltishchev
AIM: To analyze of the prevalence of stressful factors and mental disorders (MDs), as well as their clinical psychopathological and clinical psychological characteristics to improve the comprehensive diagnosis and treatment of systemic scleroderma (SSD). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Examinations were performed in 110 patients (predominantly women (n=97 (88.2%); mean age, 49.9±2.47 years) with a documented diagnosis of SSD (its mean duration, 7.25±0.42 years). 62 (56...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631372/patient-and-provider-characteristics-related-with-prescribing-of-adhd-medication-nationwide-health-insurance-claims-database-study-in-korea
#16
Inmyung Song, Mo Se Lee, Eui-Kyung Lee, Ju-Young Shin
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between prescribing of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication and the patient's age, gender, and type of medical institution in Asia region. INTRODUCTION: This study investigates the prevalence and factors of diagnosis and pharmacological treatment of ADHD in the pediatric population. METHODS: Using the Korea Health Insurance database, study participants were identified as pediatric patients (≤17 years) with at least 1 diagnosis of ADHD (ICD-10, F90) from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2011...
June 20, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631057/diabetes-mellitus-a-risk-factor-for-seizures-in-the-elderly-a-population-based-study
#17
Marta Baviera, Maria Carla Roncaglioni, Mauro Tettamanti, Tommaso Vannini, Ida Fortino, Angela Bortolotti, Luca Merlino, Ettore Beghi
AIMS: To evaluate the association between diabetes mellitus (DM) and risk of seizures in a well-defined elderly population. METHODS: The administrative databases of the Lombardy region (a 10 million population area in Northern Italy) were used to identify persons aged 65 years or older with DM (defined by prescription of antidiabetic drugs and/or through ICD-9 CM code and/or exemption code for diabetes) during the year 2002. Seizure-free DM subjects were followed until 2012 in search of individuals with incident seizures (identified through ICD-9 CM codes for epilepsy/seizures or ATC codes for antiepileptic drugs associated with the prescription of an electroencephalogram)...
June 19, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628806/resilience-and-spirituality-in-patients-with-depression-and-their-family-members-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Chisa Ozawa, Takefumi Suzuki, Yuya Mizuno, Ryosuke Tarumi, Kazunari Yoshida, Kazuhito Fujii, Jinichi Hirano, Hideaki Tani, Ellen B Rubinstein, Masaru Mimura, Hiroyuki Uchida
OBJECTIVE: The degree and quality of resilience in patients with depression have never been investigated in the context of remission status, spirituality/religiosity, and family members' resilience levels, which was addressed in this study. METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited Japanese outpatients with depressive disorder according to ICD-10 and cohabitant family members who were free from psychiatric diagnoses. Resilience was assessed using the 25-item Resilience Scale (RS)...
June 8, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625708/-algorithms-for-the-identification-of-hospital-stays-due-to-osteoporotic-femoral-neck-fractures-in-european-medical-administrative-databases-using-icd-10-codes-a-non-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#19
P Caillet, P Oberlin, E Monnet, L Guillon-Grammatico, P Métral, M Belhassen, P Denier, L Banaei-Bouchareb, M Viprey, D Biau, A-M Schott
BACKGROUND: Osteoporotic hip fractures (OHF) are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The French medico-administrative database (SNIIRAM) offers an interesting opportunity to improve the management of OHF. However, the validity of studies conducted with this database relies heavily on the quality of the algorithm used to detect OHF. The aim of the REDSIAM network is to facilitate the use of the SNIIRAM database. The main objective of this study was to present and discuss several OHF-detection algorithms that could be used with this database...
June 15, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625384/effects-of-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-shock-and-antitachycardia-pacing-on-anxiety-and-quality-of-life-a-madit-rit-substudy
#20
Alessandro Paoletti Perini, Valentina Kutyifa, Peter Veazie, James P Daubert, Claudio Schuger, Wojciech Zareba, Scott McNitt, Spencer Rosero, Christine Tompkins, Luigi Padeletti, Arthur J Moss
Effects of implantable cardioverter/defibrillator (ICD) shocks and antitachycardia pacing (ATP) on anxiety and quality of life (QoL) in ICD patients are poorly understood. METHODS: We evaluated changes in QoL from baseline to 9-month follow-up using the EQ-5D questionnaire in patients enrolled in the Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial-Reduce Inappropriate Therapy (MADIT-RIT) (n=1,268). We assessed anxiety levels using the Florida Shock Anxiety Scale (1-10 score) in patients with appropriate or inappropriate shocks or ATP compared to those with no ICD therapy during the first 9 months postimplant...
July 2017: American Heart Journal
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