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Tobacco and diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430796/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-tuberculosis-and-diabetes-mellitus-comorbidity-a-systematic-review
#1
Mahteme Haile Workneh, Gunnar Aksel Bjune, Solomon Abebe Yimer
INTRODUCTION: The dual burden of tuberculosis (TB) and diabetes mellitus (DM) has become a major global public health concern. There is mounting evidence from different countries on the burden of TB and DM comorbidity. The objective of this systematic review was to summarize the existing evidence on prevalence and associated/risk factors of TBDM comorbidity at global and regional levels. METHODS: Ovid Medline, Embase, Global health, Cochrane library, Web of science and Scopus Elsevier databases were searched to identify eligible articles for the systematic review...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427874/factors-that-increase-the-risk-of-infection-after-elbow-arthroscopy-analysis-of-patient-demographics-medical-comorbidities-and-steroid-injections-in-2-704-medicare-patients
#2
Christopher L Camp, Jourdan M Cancienne, Ryan M Degen, Joshua S Dines, David W Altchek, Brian C Werner
PURPOSE: To use a national database to determine (1) the incidence of joint infection after elbow arthroscopy, (2) identify independent patient-related risk factors for infection, and (3) determine the influence of concomitant intra-articular corticosteroid injection on infection risk. METHODS: The 100% Medicare Standard Analytic Files were queried to identify patients who underwent elbow arthroscopy from 2005 to 2012. Postoperative elbow infections occurring within 6 months of surgery were identified using both International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision codes for postoperative infection and Current Procedural Terminology codes for the surgical treatment of a postoperative infection...
April 17, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417877/tobacco-and-diabetes-clinical-relevance-and-approach-to-smoking-cessation-in-diabetic-smokers
#3
Marco López Zubizarreta, Miguel Ángel Hernández Mezquita, José Manuel Miralles García, Miguel Barrueco Ferrero
Smoking is, together with diabetes mellitus, one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Diabetic patients have unique features and characteristics, some of which are not well known, that cause smoking to aggravate the effects of diabetes and impose difficulties in the smoking cessation process, for which a specificand more intensive approach with stricter controls is required. This review details all aspects with a known influence on the interaction between smoking and diabetes, both as regards the increased risk of macrovascular and microvascular complications of diabetes and the factors with an impact on the results of smoking cessation programs...
April 2017: Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396537/longitudinal-study-of-hypertensive-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-overall-and-cardiovascular-risk
#4
Michel E Safar, Jean-Barthélémy Gnakaméné, Sola Aoun Bahous, Alexandra Yannoutsos, Frédérique Thomas
Despite adequate glycemic and blood pressure control, treated type 2 diabetic hypertensive subjects have a significantly elevated overall/cardiovascular risk. We studied 244 816 normotensive and 99 720 hypertensive subjects (including 7480 type 2 diabetics) attending medical checkups between 1992 and 2011. We sought to identify significant differences in overall/cardiovascular risk between hypertension with and without diabetes mellitus. Mean follow-up was 12.7 years; 14 050 all-cause deaths were reported. From normotensive to hypertensive populations, a significant progression in overall/cardiovascular mortality was observed...
April 10, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395017/prevalence-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-strokes-in-younger-adults
#5
Mary G George, Xin Tong, Barbara A Bowman
Importance: While stroke mortality rates have decreased substantially in the past 2 decades, this trend has been primarily limited to older adults. Increasing trends in stroke incidence and hospitalizations have been noted among younger adults, but there has been concern that this reflected improved diagnosis through an increased use of imaging rather than representing a real increase. Objectives: To determine whether stroke hospitalization rates have continued to increase and to identify the prevalence of associated stroke risk factors among younger adults...
April 10, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394954/-risk-factors-for-the-development-of-lung-cancer-in-a-cohort-of-adult-smokers
#6
Fernando Saldías Peñafiel, José Manuel Elola Aránguiz, Javier Uribe Monasterio, Arturo Morales Soto, Orlando Díaz Patiño
BACKGROUND: Identifying risk factors for lung cancer in the population could improve the cost-effectiveness of early detection programs using thoracic computed tomography (CT). AIM: To examine the risk factors of lung cancer in a cohort of adult smokers. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An annual clinical and respiratory functional assessment, chest computed tomography for three years and clinical follow up for five years was carried out in 270 patients aged 65 ± 9 years, 55% males, active or former smokers of 10 or more pack-years...
November 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390852/cardiovascular-comorbidity-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-the-canary-islands-ccecan-study
#7
Juan Marco Figueira Gonc Alves, Rafael Dorta Sánchez, María Del Cristo Rodri Guez Pérez, Pedro Viña Manrique, David Díaz Pérez, Cristina Guzmán Saenz, Juan Manuel Palmero Tejera, Alicia Pérez Rodríguez, Lorenzo Pérez Negrín
INTRODUCTION: Numerous studies have shown a high prevalence of cardiovascular disease in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of this study was to analyse the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and comorbidity in a Canary Islands population diagnosed with COPD, and compared it with data from the general population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 300 patients with COPD and 524 subjects without respiratory disease (control group)...
April 5, 2017: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378303/coronary-heart-disease-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa-current-status-and-future-goals
#8
REVIEW
Mahmoud I Traina, Wael Almahmeed, Ahmad Edris, E Murat Tuzcu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The Middle East and North Africa has witnessed a dramatic transformation over the last 30 years caused by rapid urbanization and modernization and significant changes to diet and lifestyle. This review attempts to highlight recent data in regards to ischemic heart disease and its risk factors from the region. RECENT FINDINGS: Ischemic heart disease is now the leading cause of death in the region. Age at presentation with myocardial infarction and acute coronary syndrome appears to be significantly younger than global averages...
May 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377390/translating-the-who-25%C3%A3-25-goals-into-a-uk-context-the-promise-modelling-study
#9
Linda J Cobiac, Peter Scarborough
OBJECTIVE: Model the impact of targets for obesity, diabetes, raised blood pressure, tobacco use, salt intake, physical inactivity and harmful alcohol use, as outlined in the Global Non-Communicable Disease Action Plan 2013-2020, on mortality and morbidity in the UK population. DESIGN: Dynamic population modelling study. SETTING: UK population. PARTICIPANTS: Not available. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Mortality and morbidity (years lived with disability) from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) that are averted or delayed...
April 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369902/oral-health-behavior-and-factors-associated-with-poor-oral-status-in-qatar-results-from-a-national-health-survey
#10
Sohaila Cheema, Patrick Maisonneuve, Mohamed Hamad Al-Thani, Al Anoud Mohammed Al-Thani, Amit Abraham, Ghanim Ali Al-Mannai, Abdulla Asad Al-Emadi, Walaa Fattah Al-Chetachi, Badria Ali Almalki, Shams Eldin Ali Hassan Khalifa, Ahmad Omar Haj Bakri, Albert Lowenfels, Ravinder Mamtani
OBJECTIVES: Oral health is a crucial determinant of quality of life. We aimed to determine oral health condition and factors associated with poor oral status in the adult national population of Qatar. METHODS: We used data from the World Health Organization supported STEPS (STEPwise approach to Surveillance) Survey conducted by the Supreme Council of Health, Qatar in 2012. A total of 2,496 Qataris (1,053 men, 1,443 women) answered the national survey. The Rao-Scott Chi-Square test was used to analyze oral health characteristics and multinomial logistic regression to assess risk factors...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358654/cigarette-smoking-and-pancreatic-cancer-survival
#11
Chen Yuan, Vicente Morales-Oyarvide, Ana Babic, Clary B Clish, Peter Kraft, Ying Bao, Zhi Rong Qian, Douglas A Rubinson, Kimmie Ng, Edward L Giovannucci, Shuji Ogino, Meir J Stampfer, John Michael Gaziano, Howard D Sesso, Barbara B Cochrane, JoAnn E Manson, Charles S Fuchs, Brian M Wolpin
Purpose Cigarette smoking is associated with increased incidence of pancreatic cancer. However, few studies have prospectively evaluated the association of smoking with patient survival. Patients and Methods We analyzed survival by smoking status among 1,037 patients from two large US prospective cohort studies diagnosed from 1986 to 2013. Among 485 patients from four prospective US cohorts, we also evaluated survival by prediagnostic circulating levels of cotinine, a metabolite of nicotine that is proportional to tobacco smoke exposure...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351358/change-in-lifestyle-behaviors-and-diabetes-risk-evidence-from-a-population-based-cohort-study-with-10%C3%A2-year-follow-up
#12
Adina L Feldman, Gráinne H Long, Ingegerd Johansson, Lars Weinehall, Eva Fhärm, Patrik Wennberg, Margareta Norberg, Simon J Griffin, Olov Rolandsson
BACKGROUND: Promoting positive changes in lifestyle behavior in the whole population may be a feasible and effective approach to reducing type 2 diabetes burden, but the impact of population shifts of modifiable risk factors remains unclear. Currently most of the evidence on modifiable lifestyle behavior and type 2 diabetes risk on a population level comes from studies of between-individual differences. The objective of the study was to investigate the association and potential impact on disease burden for within-individual change in lifestyle behavior and diabetes risk...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342091/both-nicotine-reward-and-withdrawal-are-enhanced-in-a-rodent-model-of-diabetes
#13
Joseph A Pipkin, Bryan Cruz, Rodolfo J Flores, Cecilia A Hinojosa, Luis M Carcoba, Melissa Ibarra, Wendy Francis, Arbi Nazarian, Laura E O'Dell
RATIONALE: It is presently unclear whether diabetic rats experience greater rewarding effects of nicotine and/or negative affective states produced by nicotine withdrawal. OBJECTIVE: The present study utilized a rodent model of diabetes to examine the rewarding effects of nicotine and negative affective states and physical signs produced by withdrawal. METHODS: Separate groups of rats received systemic administration of either vehicle or streptozotocin (STZ), which destroys insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas and elevates glucose levels...
March 24, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341355/comparison-of-clinical-and-electrocardiographic-predictors-of-ischemic-and-nonischemic-cardiomyopathy-during-the-initial-evaluation-of-patients-with-reduced-%C3%A2-40-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction
#14
Nathaniel R Smilowitz, Arvind R Devanabanda, George Zakhem, Sohah N Iqbal, William Slater, John T Coppola
Invasive coronary angiography is routinely performed during the initial evaluation of patients with suspected cardiomyopathy with reduced left ventricular function. Clinical and electrocardiographic (ECG) data may accurately predict ischemic cardiomyopathy (IC). Medical records of adults referred for coronary angiography for evaluation of left ventricular ejection fraction ≤40% from 2010 to 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with myocardial infarction (MI), previous coronary revascularization, cardiac surgery, or left-sided valvular disease were excluded...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339863/cigarette-smoking-and-chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-general-population-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#15
Jia Xia, Lin Wang, Zhiheng Ma, Liping Zhong, Ying Wang, Yachan Gao, Liqun He, Xiao Su
Background.: Cigarette smoking has been established as a major risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD) development in people with diabetes. Conflicting evidence exists among representative community-based studies as to whether smoking is an independent risk factor for CKD. The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the effects of tobacco smoking on the development of CKD in adult general populations. Methods.: A literature search was conducted using MEDLINE and Embase from their inception through 31 May 2016 for prospective cohort studies that reported relative risks of CKD with smoking status in the general population...
March 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336465/smoking-and-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes
#16
REVIEW
Judith Maddatu, Emily Anderson-Baucum, Carmella Evans-Molina
Despite accumulating evidence demonstrating strong epidemiologic and mechanistic associations between cigarette smoking, hyperglycemia, and the development of type 2 diabetes, tobacco abuse has not been uniformly recognized as a modifiable risk factor in diabetes prevention or screening strategies. In this review, we highlight population-based studies that have linked cigarette smoking with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes and summarize clinical and preclinical studies offering insight into mechanisms through which cigarette smoking and nicotine exposure impact body composition, insulin sensitivity, and pancreatic β cell function...
March 6, 2017: Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331254/an-investigation-to-identify-potential-risk-factors-associated-with-common-chronic-diseases-among-the-older-population-in-india
#17
Enemona Emmanuel Adaji, Anand S Ahankari, Puja R Myles
BACKGROUND: In India, chronic diseases are the leading cause of death and their prevalence has constantly increased over the last decade. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify risk factors associated with common chronic diseases among people aged 50 years and over in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from Wave 1 of the 2007/2008 Indian Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE) was used to investigate the association between lifestyle choices and chronic diseases using logistic regression...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329664/prospective-evaluation-of-complications-in-dermatologic-surgery-associated-with-hypertension-conroy
#18
Conroy Chow, Matthew J Simpson, Niko Pascua, Harjot Maan, Jacqueline G Berlier, Siegrid Yu, Isaac Neuhaus, Roy Grekin, Sarah T Arron
BackgroundPoorly controlled hypertension is a known risk factor for surgical complications. OBJECTIVE: This study examines the incidence of complications in participants undergoing Mohsmicrographic surgery (MMS) based on preoperative blood pressure (BP) measurement and investigates the role of potential confounders in the relationship between preoperative BP and postoperative complications.MethodsThis 10-month prospective cohort study at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) Dermatologic Surgery Center approached all patients undergoing MMS for participation and assessed for the diagnosis of hypertension, anti-hypertensive medication use, use of tobacco or blood thinners, immunosuppression, concomitant diabetes, or previous treatment with radiation therapy at the surgical site...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316316/colonic-diverticulosis-and-diverticulitis-in-renal-transplant-recipients-management-and-long-term-outcomes
#19
Ahmet Rencuzogullari, Gokhan Ozuner, Sinan Binboga, Erman Aytac, Venkatesh Krishnamurthi, Emre Gorgun
Data regarding management of colonic diverticulitis in renal transplant recipients (RTRs) are limited. This study aims to identify prevalence, risk factors, and outcomes in RTRs with colonic diverticulosis and diverticulitis. Between January 2004 and December 2013, all patients who underwent kidney transplantation were analyzed. Among all RTSs, patients who had a pretransplant colonoscopic diagnosis of diverticulosis and patients with a proven attack of diverticulitis were included in our analysis. There were 1578 RTRs with a mean age of 50 ± 14 years at the time of transplantation...
March 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299033/the-association-of-age-and-gender-with-risk-factors-of-noncommunicable-diseases-among-employees-in-west-of-iran
#20
Nahid Khademi, Mehran Babanejad, Atefeh Asadmobini, Hossein Karim
BACKGROUND: The relationships that age and gender share with risk factors (RFs) of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) were assessed among a large-scale employ in Western Iran. METHODS: In this epidemiologic cross-sectional study, 7129 employees from Kermanshah Province were assessed using a census method in 2012. Data on RFs of NCD were collected using a standard questionnaire. Demographic information, diet, physical activity, tobacco use, and history of hypertension, history of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, and cancer were studied...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
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