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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635358/disability-and-the-impact-of-need-for-periodontal-care-on-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Maha El Tantawi, Adel AlAgl
Objective The need for periodontal care may negatively impact daily life. We compared the need for periodontal care and its impact on daily life between disabled and healthy adults in the Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia. Methods In this cross-sectional study of 819 adults, a questionnaire was used to assess personal background factors; the impact of periodontitis on pain, avoiding foods, embarrassment, sleeplessness, work absence, and discontinuing daily activities; and risk factors (smoking, diabetes, toothbrushing, insurance, professional tooth cleaning, and dental visits)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632785/the-association-between-various-smoking-behaviors-cotinine-biomarkers-and-skin-autofluorescence-a-marker-for-advanced-glycation-end-product-accumulation
#2
Robert P van Waateringe, Marjonneke J Mook-Kanamori, Sandra N Slagter, Melanie M van der Klauw, Jana V van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, Reindert Graaff, Helen L Lutgers, Karsten Suhre, Mohammed M El-Din Selim, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Bruce H R Wolffenbuttel
BACKGROUND: Skin autofluorescence, a biomarker for advanced glycation end products (AGEs) accumulation, has been shown to predict diabetes-related cardiovascular complications and is associated with several environmental and lifestyle factors. In the present study, we examined the association between various smoking behaviors and skin autofluorescence, as well as the association between several cotinine biomarkers and skin autofluorescence, using both epidemiological and metabolomics data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629199/association-of-education-and-smoking-status-on-risk-of-diabetes-mellitus-a-population-based-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#3
Jin-Hyeong Kim, Juhwan Noh, Jae-Woo Choi, Eun-Cheol Park
Background: Exposure to smoke, including environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), is a well-known risk factor for diabetes. Low socioeconomic status, especially lack of education, is also a risk factor for diabetes. Therefore, we assessed the association of demographic, socioeconomic, clinical, and behavior risk factor-related variables and smoking status, including ETS exposure, with the prevalence of diabetes. Methods: Data were from the 2007-2013 Korea National Health and Nutritional Evaluation Survey (KNHANES)...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624486/modifiable-risk-factors-for-incident-heart%C3%A2-failure-in-atrial-fibrillation
#4
Neal A Chatterjee, Claudia U Chae, Eunjung Kim, M Vinayaga Moorthy, David Conen, Roopinder K Sandhu, Nancy R Cook, I-Min Lee, Christine M Albert
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to identify modifiable risk factors and estimate the impact of risk factor modification on heart failure (HF) risk in women with new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND: Incident HF is the most common nonfatal event in patients with AF, although strategies for HF prevention are lacking. METHODS: We assessed 34,736 participants in the Women's Health Study who were free of prevalent cardiovascular disease at baseline...
May 31, 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609355/association-between-employee-dental-claims-health-risks-workplace-productivity-and-preventive-services-compliance
#5
Wayne N Burton, Chin-Yu Chen, Xingquan Li, Alyssa B Schultz
OBJECTIVE: This study examined differences in health risks and workplace outcomes among employees who utilized preventive dental services compared with other employees. METHODS: A retrospective observational study of employees of a large financial services corporation, with data from health risk appraisal questionnaires, medical claims, pharmacy claims, and dental claims. RESULTS: Employees with no dental claims were significantly more likely to have a variety of health risk factors (such as obesity and tobacco use), health conditions (such as diabetes), absenteeism, and lost on-the-job productivity, and were significantly less likely to be compliant with clinical preventive services compared with those with preventive dental claims...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607629/the-impact-of-environmental-factors-in-influencing-epigenetics-related-to-oxidative-states-in-the-cardiovascular-system
#6
REVIEW
Francesco Angelini, Francesca Pagano, Antonella Bordin, Marika Milan, Isotta Chimenti, Mariangela Peruzzi, Valentina Valenti, Antonino Marullo, Leonardo Schirone, Silvia Palmerio, Sebastiano Sciarretta, Colin E Murdoch, Giacomo Frati, Elena De Falco
Oxidative states exert a significant influence on a wide range of biological and molecular processes and functions. When their balance is shifted towards enhanced amounts of free radicals, pathological phenomena can occur, as the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in tissue microenvironment or in the systemic circulation can be detrimental. Epidemic chronic diseases of western societies, such as cardiovascular disease, obesity, and diabetes correlate with the imbalance of redox homeostasis. Current advances in our understanding of epigenetics have revealed a parallel scenario showing the influence of oxidative stress as a major regulator of epigenetic gene regulation via modification of DNA methylation, histones, and microRNAs...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599894/impact-of-aspirin-on-fetal-growth-in-diabetic-pregnancies-according-to-white-classification
#7
Katlynn Adkins, Amanda A Allshouse, Torri D Metz, Kent D Heyborne
OBJECTIVE: Current United States Preventative Services Task Force and other guidelines recommend low-dose aspirin for all pregnant women with pre-gestational diabetes mellitus to prevent preeclampsia and small for gestational age birth. The Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units High-Risk Aspirin trial did not show a reduction in either preeclampsia or small for gestational age birth in diabetic women. Our objective was to reassess the impact of aspirin on fetal growth in diabetic pregnancies overall and according to White classification...
June 6, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597536/timing-of-solid-food-introduction-and-association-with-later-childhood-overweight-and-obesity-the-idefics-study
#8
Stalo Papoutsou, Savvas C Savva, Monica Hunsberger, Hannah Jilani, Nathalie Michels, Wolfgang Ahrens, Michael Tornaritis, Toomas Veidebaum, Dénes Molnár, Alfonso Siani, Luis A Moreno, Charis Hadjigeorgiou
This study investigated associations between timing of solid food introduction and childhood obesity and explored maternal characteristics influencing early feeding practices. Cross-sectional data from children 2-9 years (n = 10,808; 50.5% boys) residing in 8 European countries of the IDEFICS study (2007-2008) were included. Late solid food introduction (≥7 months of age) was associated with an increased prevalence of later childhood overweight/obesity among exclusively breastfed children (OR [odds ratio]: 1...
June 8, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594808/-risk-factors-for-progression-of-atherosclerosis-of-the-shunted-coronary-artery-in-the-remote-postoperative-period
#9
V V Bazylev, E V Nemchenko, A A Pavlov, A I Mikuliak, V A Karnakhin
The study was aimed at revealing risk factors for progression of atherosclerosis in the shunted coronary artery in the remote period following coronary artery bypass grafting. Our prospective study included a total of 292 patients having endured coronary artery bypass grafting. All patients were divided in two groups depending on the type of the bypass grafts used: either autoarterial shunts (Group 1) or autovenous grafts (Group 2). We thus assessed a total of 516 autoarterial grafts and 257 autovenous grafts, as well as the coronary arteries shunted thereby...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587108/compliance-with-nutritional-and-lifestyle-recommendations-in-13-000-patients-with-a-cardiometabolic-disease-from-the-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-study
#10
Solia Adriouch, Hélène Lelong, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Julia Baudry, Aurélie Lampuré, Pilar Galan, Serge Hercberg, Mathilde Touvier, Léopold K Fezeu
BACKGROUND: A healthy diet has been shown to prevent cardiovascular diseases complications. The objective of this study was to assess dietary intakes and compliance with nutritional and lifestyle recommendations in French adults diagnosed with hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidaemia or cardiovascular disease compared with healthy individuals. METHODS: Data was collected from 26,570 subjects aged 35 to 70 years (13,285 patients and 13,285 controls matched by sex and age) of the French cohort NutriNet-Santé...
May 26, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586094/disparities-in-liver-cancer-occurrence-in-the-united-states-by-race-ethnicity-and-state
#11
Farhad Islami, Kimberly D Miller, Rebecca L Siegel, Stacey A Fedewa, Elizabeth M Ward, Ahmedin Jemal
Liver cancer is highly fatal, and death rates in the United States are increasing faster than for any other cancer, having doubled since the mid-1980s. In 2017, it is estimated that the disease will account for about 41,000 new cancer cases and 29,000 cancer deaths in the United States. In this article, data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program and the National Center for Health Statistics are used to provide an overview of liver cancer incidence, mortality, and survival rates and trends, including data by race/ethnicity and state...
June 6, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584858/a-longitudinal-population-study-of-the-impact-of-cataract-extraction-on-sleep-quality
#12
Yanjun Chen, David M Nondahl, Carla R Schubert, Dayna S Dalton, Adam J Paulsen, Barbara E K Klein, Ronald Klein, Karen J Cruickshanks
PURPOSE: To investigate the longitudinal effects of cataract extraction on sleep quality in two discrete population cohorts. METHODS: 301 participants who had senile cataract in both eyes at the baseline examination were selected from two large longitudinal epidemiologic studies of age-related eye disease, hearing, olfaction, and cognition. The participants were divided into two groups: one had cataract surgery (CS) in both eyes, and the other had no cataract surgery (NCS) in either eye by the follow up examination...
2017: Cogent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578176/research-standardization-tools-pregnancy-measures-in-the-phenx-toolkit
#13
Ann Kinga Malinowski, Cande V Ananth, Patrick Catalano, Erin P Hines, Russell S Kirby, Mark A Klebanoff, John J Mulvihill, Hyagriv Simhan, Carol M Hamilton, Tabitha P Hendershot, Michael J Phillips, Lisa A Kilpatrick, Deborah R Maiese, Erin M Ramos, Rosalind J Wright, Siobhan M Dolan
Only through concerted and well-executed research endeavors can we gain the requisite knowledge to advance pregnancy care and positively impact maternal and newborn health. Yet the heterogeneity inherent in individual studies limits our ability to compare and synthesize study results, thus impeding the capacity to draw meaningful conclusions that can be trusted to inform clinical care. The PhenX Toolkit (http://www.phenxtoolkit.org), supported since 2007 by the National Institutes of Health, is a web-based catalog of standardized protocols for measuring phenotypes and exposures relevant for clinical research...
May 31, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575471/serum-cotinine-and-hemoglobin-a1c-among-a-national-sample-of-adolescents-without-known-diabetes
#14
Ashley L Merianos, Md Monir Hossain, Jane C Khoury, Georg E Matt, E Melinda Mahabee-Gittens
Introduction: National data suggests tobacco smoke is positively associated with higher glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) among adults. Our objective was to examine the association between serum cotinine and HbA1c among adolescents without known diabetes. Methods: We assessed adolescents 12-19 years old (N=11,550) who participated in the 1999-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We applied sampling weights while performing multiple linear regression analyses...
June 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570650/cardiovascular-health-status-between-standard-and-nonstandard-workers-in-korea
#15
Jong Ju Seon, Yu Jin Lim, Hae Won Lee, Jae Moon Yoon, Sang June Kim, Seulggie Choi, Ichiro Kawachi, Sang Min Park
OBJECTIVES: The effect of employment insecurity on employee health is an important public health issue due to the recent effects of neoliberalism and the global financial crisis (2007-2008) on labor markets. This study aims to evaluate the differences in cardiovascular health status and the use of preventive screening services between standard and nonstandard workers. METHODS: Waged employees (N = 5,338) between the ages of 20 and 64 were grouped into standard (full-time, permanent) and nonstandard (part-time, temporary, or daily) employees...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567344/predicting-lower-limb-periprosthetic-joint-infections-a-review-of-risk-factors-and-their-classification
#16
David A George, Lorenzo Drago, Sara Scarponi, Enrico Gallazzi, Fares S Haddad, Carlo L Romano
AIM: To undertook a systematic review to determine factors that increase a patient's risk of developing lower limb periprosthetic joint infections (PJI). METHODS: This systematic review included full-text studies that reviewed risk factors of developing either a hip or knee PJI following a primary arthroplasty published from January 1998 to November 2016. A variety of keywords were used to identify studies through international databases referencing hip arthroplasty, knee arthroplasty, infection, and risk factors...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556193/addressing-obesity-in-the-dental-setting-what-can-be-learned-from-oral-health-care-professionals-efforts-to-screen-for-medical-conditions
#17
Barbara L Greenberg, Michael Glick, Mary Tavares
PURPOSE: This scoping review focused on what can be learned from oral health professionals' (OHCPs) efforts to provide screenings for medical conditions in the dental setting that could guide strategies for addressing childhood obesity. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, Grey Literature, and CINAHL were searched (limitation English language). Search terms covered OHCPs and various oral systemic conditions of interest (details provided in the paper. Nineteen unduplicated, relevant articles were categorized based on relationship to question...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555422/ischemic-stroke-and-intracranial-hemorrhage-in-patients-with-recurrent-glioblastoma-multiforme-treated-with-bevacizumab
#18
Timo A Auer, Mirjam Renovanz, Federico Marini, Marc A Brockmann, Yasemin Tanyildizi
Bevacizumab (BVZ), a monoclonal antibody directed against vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), has been suspected to increase the incidence of ischemic stroke (IS) and intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) in GBM patients. Intracranial vascular events, such as IS and ICH, were retrospectively analyzed in 364 MRI scans of 82 patients with recurrent GBM (1st/2nd/3rd relapse). Out of these 82 patients, 40 were treated with BVZ (178 scans) in addition to basic treatment, whereas 42 patients matching for age and gender received basic treatment (186 scans)...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542472/the-population-impact-of-obesity-sedentary-lifestyle-and-tobacco-and-alcohol-consumption-on-the-prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-analysis-of-a-health-population-survey-in-chile-2010
#19
María P Bertoglia, Juan G Gormaz, Matías Libuy, Dérgica Sanhueza, Abraham Gajardo, Andrea Srur, Magdalena Wallbaum, Marcia Erazo
AIM: To estimate the impact of tobacco use, sedentary lifestyle, obesity and alcohol consumption on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) prevalence in the Chilean population. METHODS: The study-included 5,293 subjects with fasting glycaemia levels from the nationwide cross-sectional health survey in 2010, commissioned by the Ministry of Health, Chile. Crude and Adjusted Odds Ratio to T2DM and its corresponding 95% confidence interval were estimated through logistic regressions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538089/central-hematocrit-levels-in-fetal-malnourished-term-infants
#20
Kerem Ertaş, Özgül Salihoğlu, Emrah Can, Sami Hatipoğlu, Şahin Hamilçikan
BACKROUND: Fetal malnutrition is especially important for common chronic diseases in adult life. They could potentially be prevented by achieving optimal fetal nutrition. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate hematocrit levels of malnourished, term, appropriate for gestational age (AGA) neonates. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 80 AGA neonates (between 10% and 90% percentiles interval according to birth week), born with spontaneous vaginal delivery between 37 and 42 weeks of gestation, detected by both last menstrual period and ultrasonography measurements, were included in the study...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
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