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Tobacco and diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076473/influence-of-tobacco-alcohol-and-diabetes-on-the-collagen-of-cremaster-muscle-in-patients-with-inguinal-hernias
#1
Sérgio Ferreira Módena, Eduardo José Caldeira, Marco Antonio O Peres, Nelson Adami Andreollo
Background: New findings point out that the mechanism of formation of the hernias can be related to the collagenous tissues, under activity of aggressive agents such as the tobacco, alcohol and diabetes. Aim: To analyze the collagen present in the cremaster muscle in patients with inguinal hernias, focusing the effect of tobacco, alcohol, and diabetes. Methods: Fifteen patients with inguinal hernia divided in three groups were studied: group I (n=5) was control; group II (n=5) were smokers and/or drinkers; and group III (n=5) had diabetes mellitus...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051979/barriers-and-health-beliefs-related-to-weight-management-among-veterans-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#2
Shannon Munro, Emily Dinatale, Sarah Hartley, Monica St Jacques, Kris Ann Oursler
INTRODUCTION: The success of antiretroviral therapy has led to dramatic changes in causes of morbidity and mortality among U.S. Veterans with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Among the 25,000 Veterans treated for HIV, 70% are over age 50 and the rate of obesity has doubled in this population. Veterans with HIV have a 50% increased risk of myocardial infarction yet have limited presence in prevention-related programs designed to lower cardiovascular disease risk. METHODS: This mixed methods study (focus groups, Schwarzer and Renner physical activity, and nutrition self-efficacy questionnaires) was used to explore factors related to health behavior and identify barriers that overweight Veterans with HIV face in enrolling in the MOVE weight management program...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043817/risk-factors-of-diabetes-mellitus-amongst-the-executives-of-an-industrial-area-of-north-east-india-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#3
Sultana Jesmin Ahmed, Mir Alam Siddique, Alak Barua, Hiranya Saikia
AIM: To assess risk factors of diabetes mellitus amongst the executives of an industrial area of North East India. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Executive the aged 20 to 60 years were selected by simple random sampling in a community based cross-sectional study. The sample size was 340. Data was collected by a predesigned pretested proforma to know about different risk factors. Fasting capillary blood glucose and 2h capillary blood glucose were taken to assess diabetes mellitus...
December 24, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043619/identifying-patients-at-high-risk-of-tuberculosis-recurrence
#4
Ruxana T Sadikot
Several studies have been done in relation to recurrence of tuberculosis (TB) following completion of treatment. However, recurrence of TB is still a major problem from a public health perspective in high-burden countries, where no special attention is being given to this issue. Disease recurrence is an important indicator of the efficacy of antituberculosis treatment. The rate of recurrence is highly variable and has been estimated to range from 4.9% to 25%. This variability is not only a reflection of regional epidemiology of recurrence but differences in the definitions used by the TB control programs...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038911/healthy-living-medicine-in-the-workplace-more-work-to-do
#5
REVIEW
Sherry O Pinkstaff, Amy McNeil, Ross Arena, Lawrence Cahalin
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are five of the top ten causes of death for Americans: cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer, lower respiratory disease, stroke and diabetes mellitus. Risk factors for these NCDs and for CVD are tobacco use, poor diet quality, physical inactivity, increase body mass index, increased blood pressure, increased blood cholesterol, and glucose intolerance. Depression, depressive symptoms and anxiety also contribute to CVD risk. There is also evidence work stress itself contributes to CVD risk...
December 27, 2016: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033450/association-of-iron-deficiency-anemia-with-hearing-loss-in-us-adults
#6
Kathleen M Schieffer, Cynthia H Chuang, James Connor, James A Pawelczyk, Deepa L Sekhar
Importance: Hearing loss in the US adult population is linked to hospitalization, poorer self-reported health, hypertension, diabetes, and tobacco use. Because iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is a common and easily correctable condition, further understanding of the association between IDA and all types of hearing loss in a population of US adults may help to open new possibilities for early identification and appropriate treatment. Objective: To evaluate the association between sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and conductive hearing loss and IDA in adults aged 21 to 90 years in the United States...
December 29, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028948/the-association-between-dental-status-and-risk-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-among-poles-case-control-study
#7
Bartłomiej Górski, Ewa Nargiełło, Ewa Grabowska, Grzegorz Opolski, Renata Górska
BACKGROUND: Results of scientific research on the effects of periodontitis on the incidence of myocardial infarction (MI) are ambiguous. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the association of the severity and extent of periodontitis with acute MI in Poles. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This case-control study included 134 cases hospitalized with acute MI under the age of 70 years and 155 controls drawn from the general population with no MI history...
September 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006748/a-focus-on-resveratrol-and-ocular-problems-especially-cataract-from-chemistry-to-medical-uses-and-clinical-relevance
#8
REVIEW
Ganesh Goutham, Ramar Manikandan, Manikandan Beulaja, Raman Thiagarajan, Chinnasamy Arulvasu, Munusamy Arumugam, William N Setzer, Maria Daglia, Seyed Fazel Nabavi, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi
Low vision and blindness are important health problems that affect millions of people throughout the world. The most common and important pathologies are diabetic retinopathy, age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma as well as cataracts. The latter consists of an opacification of the lens of the eye which impedes the passage of light and represents one of the most important causes of vision loss. Among the risk factors for cataract development, there are life-style factors such as the use of tobacco, abuse of alcohol and unhealthy diet...
December 19, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006091/cardiometabolic-assessment-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-chronic-medical-illnesses-during-an-inpatient-psychiatric-hospitalization-colocated-medical-care-versus-treatment-as-usual
#9
Jason R Tatreau, Suzanne Harris, Brian Sheitman, Beat D Steiner
Background: Reverse colocation care models reduce lifestyle risk factors, emergency department visits, and readmissions. Persons with serious mental illness have higher than average rates of cardiovascular disease-related morbidity and mortality, with second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) conferring added related risks. Little is written about reverse colocated medical care (RCL) in inpatient psychiatric settings. The objective of this study was to identify associations between screening, diagnosis, and treatment of chronic medical comorbidities and mode of medical care for patients discharged from 2 inpatient psychiatric units on SGAs...
December 22, 2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002548/absolute-rates-of-heart-failure-coronary-heart-disease-and-stroke-in-chronic-kidney-disease-an-analysis-of-3-community-based-cohort-studies
#10
Nisha Bansal, Ronit Katz, Cassianne Robinson-Cohen, Michelle C Odden, Lorien Dalrymple, Michael G Shlipak, Mark J Sarnak, David S Siscovick, Leila Zelnick, Bruce M Psaty, Bryan Kestenbaum, Adolfo Correa, Maryam Afkarian, Bessie Young, Ian H de Boer
Importance: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Understanding the relative contributions of cardiovascular disease event types to the excess burden of cardiovascular disease is important for developing effective strategies to improve outcomes. Objective: To determine absolute rates and risk differences of incident heart failure (HF), coronary heart disease (CHD), and stroke in participants with vs without CKD...
December 21, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001175/nodular-glomerulosclerosis-in-a-non-diabetic-hypertensive-dyslipidemic-smoker-patient-a-case-report
#11
Liliane Silvano Araújo, Alessandro Alves Queiroz, Maria Luíza Reis Monteiro, Crislaine Aparecida Silva, Lívia Helena de Morais Pereira, Mariana Molinar Mauad Cintra, Claudia Renata Bibiano Borges, Juliana Reis Machado, Marlene Antônia Dos Reis
INTRODUCTION: This is a case report of a patient with idiopathic nodular glomerulosclerosis whose pathogenesis and morphology are similar to diabetic nephropathy. CASE PRESENTATION: A 64-year-old Brazilian man, leukoderma, dyslipidemic, obese with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease secondary to tobacco smoking, known to be hypertensive for five years and he had no history of diabetes. He was admitted with sudden anasarca, rapid loss of renal function and needed to start hemodialysis immediately...
December 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000892/non%C3%A2-infective-occupational-risk-factors-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-review-review
#12
Caterina Ledda, Carla Loreto, Christian Zammit, Andrea Marconi, Lucrezia Fago, Serena Matera, Valentina Costanzo, Giovanni Fuccio Sanzà, Stefano Palmucci, Margherita Ferrante, Chiara Costa, Concettina Fenga, Antonio Biondi, Cristoforo Pomara, Venerando Rapisarda
Liver cancer is the second leading worldwide cause of cancer‑associated mortalities. Hepatocellular carcinoma, which accounts for the majority of liver tumors, ranks fifth among types of human cancer. Well‑established risk factors for liver cancer include the hepatitis B and C viruses, aflatoxins, alcohol consumption, and oral contraceptives. Tobacco smoking, androgenic steroids, and diabetes mellitus are suspected risk factors. Current knowledge regarding non‑infective occupational risk factors for liver cancer is inconclusive...
December 14, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990700/biomass-fuel-smoke-exposure-was-associated-with-adverse-cardiac-remodeling-and-left-ventricular-dysfunction-in-peru
#13
Melissa S Burroughs Peña, Eric J Velazquez, Jose D Rivera, Fawaz Alenezi, Catherine Wong, Matthew Grigsby, Victor G Davila-Roman, Robert H Gilman, Jaime J Miranda, William Checkley
BACKGROUND: While household air pollution from biomass fuel combustion has been linked to cardiovascular disease, the effects on cardiac structure and function have not been well described. We sought to determine the association between biomass fuel smoke exposure and cardiac structure and function by transthoracic echocardiography. METHODS: We identified a random sample of urban and rural residents living in the high-altitude region of Puno, Peru. Daily biomass fuel use was self-reported...
December 19, 2016: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965180/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-community-health-worker-intervention-in-a-population-of-patients-with-multiple-chronic-diseases-study-design-and-protocol
#14
Shreya Kangovi, Nandita Mitra, Lindsey Turr, Hairong Huo, David Grande, Judith A Long
: Upstream interventions - e.g. housing programs and community health worker interventions- address socioeconomic and behavioral factors that influence health outcomes across diseases. Studying these types of interventions in clinical trials raises a methodological challenge: how should researchers measure the effect of an upstream intervention in a sample of patients with different diseases? This paper addresses this question using an illustrative protocol of a randomized controlled trial of collaborative-goal setting versus goal-setting plus community health worker support among patients multiple chronic diseases: diabetes, obesity, hypertension and tobacco dependence...
December 10, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956793/epidemiology-of-pancreatic-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Milena Ilic, Irena Ilic
Cancer of the pancreas remains one of the deadliest cancer types. Based on the GLOBOCAN 2012 estimates, pancreatic cancer causes more than 331000 deaths per year, ranking as the seventh leading cause of cancer death in both sexes together. Globally, about 338000 people had pancreatic cancer in 2012, making it the 11(th) most common cancer. The highest incidence and mortality rates of pancreatic cancer are found in developed countries. Trends for pancreatic cancer incidence and mortality varied considerably in the world...
November 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955680/-walk-this-way-a-pilot-of-a-health-coaching-intervention-to-reduce-sedentary-behaviour-and-increase-low-intensity-exercise-in-people-with-serious-mental-illness-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Julie Williams, Brendon Stubbs, Fiona Gaughran, Tom Craig
BACKGROUND: People with serious mental illness (SMI) (psychosis, bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder) experience a considerable risk of premature mortality because of cardiovascular disease. Recent research has demonstrated that this population spends almost 13 h per day being sedentary. Sedentary behaviour is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease and mortality. Given the potential for physical activity to improve health and well-being in people with SMI, we developed a pilot randomised controlled trial (RCT) to evaluate a coaching intervention aimed at reducing sedentary behaviour and increasing physical activity in people with SMI...
December 12, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935900/-thromboangiitis-obliterans-buerger-s-disease-state-of-the-art
#17
D D Zerbino, E A Zimba, N N Bagry
Thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger's disease) is systemic vasculitis with predominant development of thrombotic occlusions of small-to-medium diameter arteries of distal portions of both upper and lower limbs. A distinctive feature of Buerger's disease from other vasculitides is the involvement of the venous bed into the pathological process in the form of migrating thrombophlebitis. The disease is encountered more often in young adult males, predominantly tobacco smokers. The clinical pattern is presented by symptoms of increasing insufficiency of blood supply of tissues of extremities...
2016: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929275/erectile-dysfunction
#18
Karl T Rew, Joel J Heidelbaugh
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is the inability to achieve or maintain an erection sufficient for satisfactory sexual performance. It is common, affecting at least 12 million U.S. men. The five-question International Index of Erectile Function allows rapid clinical assessment of ED. The condition can be caused by vascular, neurologic, psychological, and hormonal factors. Common conditions related to ED include diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obesity, testosterone deficiency, and prostate cancer treatment...
November 15, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924618/cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-and-health-outcomes-among-american-indians-in-oklahoma-the-thrive-study
#19
Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan, Marianna Wetherill, Jordan Hearod, Tvli Jacob, Alicia L Salvatore, Tamela Cannady, Mandy Grammar, Joy Standridge, Jill Fox, Jennifer Spiegel, AnDina Wiley, Carolyn Noonan, Dedra Buchwald
INTRODUCTION: Limited available data document higher prevalences of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and health outcomes among American Indians (AIs) compared to other racial/ethnic groups. METHODS: As part of a randomized control trial to improve tribal food and physical activity environments, our tribal-academic partnership surveyed a cross-sectional sample of American Indian adults (n = 513) to assess the prevalence of type 2 diabetes, obesity, hypertension, tobacco use, physical activity, and vegetable and fruit intake...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923972/lifestyle-behaviors-subjective-health-and-quality-of-life-among-chinese-men-living-with-type-2-diabetes
#20
Ghose Bishwajit, Shangfeng Tang, Sanni Yaya, Zhifei He, Zhanchun Feng
The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between self-reported health (SRH) and quality of life (QoL) with five lifestyle-related behaviors including tobacco smoking, drinking alcohol, physical activity status, consumption of fruits, and consumption of vegetables among men diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Participants were 786 Chinese men older than 40 years and living in urban households. Cross-sectional data on self-rated health, associated sociodemographics, and health-related behaviors were collected from the Study on Global AGEing and Health (Wave 1) of World Health Organization...
December 5, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
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