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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339240/prevalence-of-type-ii-diabetes-mellitus-among-patients-with-hidradenitis-suppurativa-in-the-united-states
#1
Amit Garg, Morgan Birabaharan, Andrew Strunk
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated the relationship between hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) and diabetes mellitus (DM), and the existing data show conflicting results. OBJECTIVE: To determine prevalence of DM among HS patients, and identify at risk demographic subgroups. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis identifying DM among HS and non-HS patients from a demographically heterogeneous population-based sample of over 50 million patients in the United States...
January 12, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338755/hyperhomocysteinemia-in-bilateral-anterior-ischemic-optic-neuropathy-after-conventional-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-a-case-report
#2
A Niro, G Sborgia, A Sborgia, G Alessio
BACKGROUND: The incidence of anterior ischemic optic neuropathy after coronary artery bypass graft procedures ranges from 1.3 to 0.25%. The mechanisms of anterior ischemic optic neuropathy after cardiovascular procedures remain undefined but many systemic and related-to-surgery risk factors could underlie anterior ischemic optic neuropathy. In this case, we report a rare presentation of a bilateral anterior ischemic optic neuropathy after coronary artery bypass graft and speculate on the preoperative hyperhomocysteinemia as an independent risk factor for anterior ischemic optic neuropathy...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325084/metformin-use-reverses-the-increased-mortality-associated-with-diabetes-mellitus-during-tuberculosis-treatment
#3
Nicholas R Degner, Jann-Yuan Wang, Jonathan E Golub, Petros C Karakousis
Background: The global type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) epidemic threatens progress made in reducing tuberculosis (TB)-related mortality worldwide. Previous clinical studies have not fully evaluated potential confounding variables in addressing the impact of DM on TB treatment outcomes. The antidiabetic agent metformin regulates autophagy and may play a role as a host-directed therapeutic adjuvant to antitubercular treatment. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study comprising patients aged ≥13 years undergoing treatment for culture-confirmed, drug-susceptible pulmonary TB...
January 6, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324894/the-obesity-epidemic-and-rising-diabetes-incidence-in-a-low-income-racially-diverse-southern-us-cohort
#4
Baqiyyah N Conway, Xijing Han, Heather M Munro, Amy L Gross, Xiao-Ou Shu, Margaret K Hargreaves, Wei Zheng, Alvin C Powers, William J Blot
BACKGROUND: Obesity is known to be a major risk factor for diabetes, but the magnitude of risk and variation between blacks and whites are less well documented in populations heavily affected by obesity. Herein we assess rates and risks of incident diabetes in a diverse southern population where obesity is common. METHODS: A total of 24,000 black and 14,064 white adults aged 40-79 in the Southern Community Cohort Study with no self-reported diabetes at study enrollment during 2002-2009 was followed for up to 10 (median 4...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320517/explaining-the-decline-in-coronary-heart-disease-mortality-rates-in-the-slovak-republic-between-1993-2008
#5
Marek Psota, Piotr Bandosz, Eva Gonçalvesová, Mária Avdičová, Mária Bucek Pšenková, Martin Studenčan, Jarmila Pekarčíková, Simon Capewell, Martin O'Flaherty
OBJECTIVE: Between the years 1993 and 2008, mortality rates from coronary heart disease (CHD) in the Slovak Republic have decreased by almost one quarter. However, this was a smaller decline than in neighbouring countries. The aim of this modelling study was therefore to quantify the contributions of risk factor changes and the use of evidence-based medical therapies to the CHD mortality decline between 1993 and 2008. METHODS: We identified, obtained and scrutinised the data required for the model...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318645/endometriosis-increased-the-risk-of-bladder-pain-syndrome-interstitial-cystitis-a-population-based-study
#6
Chia-Chang Wu, Shiu-Dong Chung, Herng-Ching Lin
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have suggested an association between bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC) and endometriosis. However, no nation-wide population study has yet reported an association between them. In this study, we examined the risk of BPS/IC among subjects with endometriosis during a 3-year follow-up in Taiwan using a population-based dataset. STUDY DESIGN: This study comprised 9191 subjects with endometriosis, and 27 573 subjects randomly selected as controls...
January 10, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315392/redefining-diabetes-and-the-concept-of-self-management-from-a-patient-s-perspective-implications-for-disease-risk-factor-management
#7
T K Masupe, K Ndayi, L Tsolekile, P Delobelle, T Puoane
The colliding epidemics of non-communicable diseases including diabetes with chronic infectious diseases in Sub-Saharan Africa requires contextualized innovative disease management strategies. This qualitative study conducted in a peri-urban township near Cape Town, South Africa aimed to identify and gain in-depth understanding of contextual and environmental issues pertinent to the patient that could influence Type 2-diabetes mellitus (T2DM) care and self-management. Participants included purposively sampled diabetics or pre-diabetics from the community, PURE study database, facility health club and health care providers...
January 5, 2018: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302735/a-new-human-derived-acellular-dermal-matrix-for-breast-reconstruction-available-for-the-european-market-preliminary-results
#8
Secondo Folli, Annalisa Curcio, Davide Melandri, Elena Bondioli, Nicola Rocco, Giuseppe Catanuto, Fabio Falcini, Valeria Purpura, Matteo Mingozzi, Federico Buggi, Francesco Marongiu
INTRODUCTION: The introduction of acellular dermal matrices (ADMs) contributed to the growing diffusion of direct-to-implant breast reconstruction (DTI-BR) following mastectomy for breast cancer. According to specific legislations, European specialists could not benefit from the use of human-derived ADMs, even though most evidence in the literature are available for this kind of device, showed optimal outcomes in breast reconstruction. The Skin Bank of the Bufalini Hospital (Cesena, Italy) obtained in 2009 the approval for the production and distribution of a new human cadaver-donor-derived ADM (named with the Italian acronym, MODA, for matrice omologa dermica acellulata) from the Italian National Transplant Center and National Health Institute...
January 4, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300982/gender-and-schooling-inequalities-in-risk-and-protective-factors-for-chronic-diseases-among-brazilian-adults
#9
Carla C Enes, Luciana B Nucci
Background: There is consistent evidence showing that low socioeconomic level, both at the individual and contextual levels, is an important predictor of morbidity and mortality due to noncommunicable diseases. Objective: To identify gender and schooling inequalities in the distribution of risk and protective factors for chronic diseases among Brazilian adults. Methods: This study included data from 97 468 individuals interviewed in 2012 and 2013 from the Surveillance System of Risk and Protective Factors for Chronic Diseases (VIGITEL)...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297197/socioeconomic-status-and-cardiovascular-risk-score
#10
Ewa Podolecka, Agnieszka Doryńska, Paweł Nadrowski, Michał Skrzypek, Magdalena Kwaśniewska, Wojciech Drygas, Andrzej Pająk, Krystyna Kozakiewicz
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are one of the most frequent causes of morbidity and death both in men and women. Well known is the influence of such factors as: hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, tobacco smoking, obesity, diabetes, age and sex on the occurrence and progression of atherosclerosis. Apart from the typical risk factors of cardiovascular diseases, there is also a significant association between the incidence of those diseases and the socioeconomic status (SES). AIM: The aim of this study was to establish the correlation between the socioeconomic status and the cardiovascular disease risk assessed according to the SCORE algorithm...
January 3, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290367/relation-of-orthostatic-hypotension-with-new-onset-atrial-fibrillation-from-the-framingham-heart-study
#11
Darae Ko, Sarah R Preis, Steven A Lubitz, David D McManus, Ramachandran S Vasan, Naomi M Hamburg, Emelia J Benjamin, Gary F Mitchell
Previous studies have reported that orthostatic hypotension (OH) is associated with increased risk of atrial fibrillation (AF). We sought to determine whether the association persists after adjusting for hypertension and other cardiovascular risk factors. We studied the Framingham Heart Study Original cohort participants evaluated between 1981 and 1984 without baseline AF. OH was defined as drop in standing systolic blood pressure (BP) of at least 20 mm Hg or standing diastolic BP of at least 10 mm Hg from their supine values after standing for 2 minutes...
December 11, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278986/reach-and-effectiveness-of-the-heartbeat-connections-telemedicine-pilot-program
#12
Gretchen A Benson, Abbey Sidebottom, Arthur Sillah, Jackie L Boucher, Michael D Miedema, Thomas Knickelbine, Jeffrey J VanWormer
Introduction Innovative care delivery programs that support primary care providers are needed to reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD). HeartBeat Connections (HBC) is a primary prevention telemedicine program utilizing registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) and registered nurses (RNs) to deliver health coaching and medication therapy protocols for dyslipidaemia and hypertension among patients at high risk for developing CVD. Methods This retrospective cohort study documents the reach and six-month effectiveness of the HBC program for improving CVD risk factors...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275882/dysfunctional-uterine-activity-in-labour-and-premature-adverse-cardiac-events-population-based-cohort-study
#13
Alyssa Kahane, Alison L Park, Joel G Ray
BACKGROUND: There exist structural and physiological commonalities between myometrial and myocardial tissue, and each can become dysfunctional, such as in the presence of cardiometabolic factors. METHODS: This population-based cohort study was comprised of 1,608,720 women with ≥ 1 singleton hospital live birth at 24-41 weeks' gestation in Ontario, from 1992 to 2016. The main exposure was prolonged first stage of labour; secondary exposure was prolonged second stage of labour...
January 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275418/opium-addiction-and-ischemic-stroke-in-isfahan-iran-a-case-control-study
#14
Homa Ebrahimi, Shaghayegh Haghjoo Javanmard, Sedigheh Asgary, Leila Dehghani, Masoud Amiri, Mohammad Saadatnia
BACKGROUND: The effect of opium addiction (OA) on cerebrovascular disease is controversial. The aim of this study was to clarify this relationship in Iranian patients with ischemic stroke. METHODS: In a case-control study, 672 patients with ischemic stroke and 293 controls without a previous history of cerebrovascular or cardiovascular diseases were compared. OA as well as other risk factors such as diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension (HTN), hyperlipidemia, tobacco smoking (TS) were compared between the 2 groups...
December 22, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259621/the-age-rage-axis-implications-for-age-associated-arterial-diseases
#15
REVIEW
Laura M Senatus, Ann Marie Schmidt
The process of advanced glycation leads to the generation and accumulation of an heterogeneous class of molecules called advanced glycation endproducts, or AGEs. AGEs are produced to accelerated degrees in disorders such as diabetes, renal failure, inflammation, neurodegeneration, and in aging. Further, AGEs are present in foods and in tobacco products. Hence, through both endogenous production and exogenous consumption, AGEs perturb vascular homeostasis by a number of means; in the first case, AGEs can cause cross-linking of long-lived molecules in the basement membranes such as collagens, thereby leading to "vascular stiffening" and processes that lead to hyperpermeability and loss of structural integrity...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249326/patient-related-risk-factors-for-periprosthetic-ankle-joint-infection-an-analysis-of-6977-total-ankle-arthroplasties
#16
Alyssa Althoff, Jourdan M Cancienne, Minton T Cooper, Brian C Werner
Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) after total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) is a devastating complication that often results in explantation to resolve the infection. The purpose of the present investigation was to determine the patient-related risk factors for PJI after TAA. A national insurance database was queried for patients undergoing TAA using the Current Procedural Terminology and International Classification of Diseases, ninth revision, procedure codes from 2005 to 2012. Patients undergoing TAA with concomitant fusion procedures or more complex forefoot procedures were excluded...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231795/quantification-of-parenchymal-calcifications-in-chronic-pancreatitis-relation-to-atrophy-ductal-changes-fibrosis-and-clinical-parameters
#17
Pernille Lykke Andersen, Adnan Madzak, Søren Schou Olesen, Asbjørn Mohr Drewes, Jens Brøndum Frøkjaer
OBJECTIVES: Parenchymal calcifications are considered a hallmark finding of chronic pancreatitis (CP), but little is known about its relation to the clinical presentation and other morphological features such as atrophy, fibrosis and ductal changes. The aim was to quantify the number and maximal size of parenchymal calcifications assessed on computed tomography (CT) and to explore the association with other CT and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based pancreatic features and clinical parameters...
December 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222878/non-communicable-diseases-food-and-nutrition-in-vietnam-from-1975-to-2015-the-burden-and-national-response
#18
Tuan T Nguyen, Minh V Hoang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This review manuscript examines the burden and national response to non-communicable diseases (NCDs), food and nutrition security in Vietnam from 1975 to 2015. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We extracted data from peer-reviewed manuscripts and reports of nationally representative surveys and related policies in Vietnam. RESULTS: In 2010, NCDs accounted for 318,000 deaths (72% of total deaths), 6.7 million years of life lost, and 14 million disability-adjusted life years in Vietnam...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213156/gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-in-patients-with-long-standing-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-utility-of-two-self-report-questionnaires-in-a-multifactorial-disease
#19
Emmanuel Marin Valdez-Solis, Claudia Ramírez-Rentería, Aldo Ferreira-Hermosillo, Mario Molina-Ayala, Victoria Mendoza-Zubieta, Víctor Rodríguez-Pérez
Background: Gastroesophageal pathologies are common and multifactorial in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1DM). The evaluation with endoscopy and 24 h pH esophageal monitoring is expensive and not always available in all medical centers, especially in developing countries so more cost-effective algorithms for diagnosis are required. Clinical questionnaires are easy to apply but its utility for gastroesophageal reflux disease screening in patients with long standing T1DM must be analyzed...
September 30, 2017: Colombia Médica: CM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207741/prevalence-of-chronic-morbidity-and-sociodemographic-profile-of-police-personnel-a-study-from-gujarat
#20
Kishankumar Maheshkumar Bhatia, Niraj Pandit
Introduction: The police personnel are special group of population that work for minimum 12 hours a day. They are at risk of various types of chronic morbidities. Aim: To determine the sociodemographic, chronic morbidity and health profile of police personnel of Vadodara district. Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study conducted on the police force of Vadodara district, Gujarat, India. The present study was the outcome of health checkup camp for police personnel...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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