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Tobacco and diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526961/simultaneous-conversion-of-gastric-band-to-sleeve-gastrectomy-is-associated-with-increased-postoperative-complications-an-analysis-of-the-american-college-of-surgeons-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program
#1
Zachary C Dietch, Bruce D Schirmer, Peter T Hallowell
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has gained popularity for the treatment of morbid obesity as gastric banding (BAND) has fallen out of favor. As a result, simultaneous conversion (CONV) of BAND to LSG is commonly performed. We hypothesized that CONV is associated with higher 30-day risk-adjusted serious morbidity. METHODS: Preoperative characteristics and 30-day outcomes from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Participant Use Files 2010-2014 were selected for patients who underwent LSG...
May 19, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516803/differentials-in-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-diabetes-by-socioeconomic-status-and-sex-in-kalutara-sri-lanka
#2
Lakshman Gamlath, Sumal Nandasena, Sudirikku Hennadige Padmal de Silva, Christine Linhart, Anh Ngo, Stephen Morrell, Sally Nathan, Albie Sharpe, Richard Taylor
Since 1950, cardiovascular disease (CVD) has emerged as a leading cause of mortality in Sri Lanka, especially in men. In 2014, a survey in Kalutara to assess CVD and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) risk factors in adults aged 25 to 64 years (n = 1011), and associations with sex and socioeconomic status (SES), found similar CVD risk factors in both sexes, except for daily tobacco smoking at 19% in men and nil in women, and higher body mass index (BMI) in women than men. With increasing SES in men, there were significant linear increases in mean BMI, waist circumference, mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure, mean fasting plasma glucose, and T2DM prevalence, but decreases in tobacco smoking...
May 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505702/-recalculation-of-tobacco-attributable-mortality-national-and-regional-data-for-germany
#3
Ute Mons, Sarah Kahnert
Introduction Tobacco use accounts for about 5 million annual premature deaths worldwide. Tobacco thus is the single most important preventable health risk. In this paper we present a recalculation of tobacco-attributable mortality in Germany, and examine gender and regional differences. Data and Methods The calculation is based on the prevalence of current and former smokers, the relative mortality risks for diseases for which tobacco use is associated with an increased mortality risk, and the number of deaths by ICD-10 diagnoses...
May 15, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493856/cdc-grand-rounds-public-health-strategies-to-prevent-and-treat-strokes
#4
Mary G George, Leah Fischer, Walter Koroshetz, Cheryl Bushnell, Michael Frankel, Jennifer Foltz, Phoebe G Thorpe
Worldwide, stroke is the second leading cause of death and a leading cause of serious long-term disability. In the United States, nearly 800,000 strokes occur each year; thus stroke is the fifth leading cause of death overall and the fourth leading cause of death among women (1). Major advances in stroke prevention through treatment of known risk factors has led to stroke being considered largely preventable. For example, in the United States, stroke mortality rates have declined 70% over the past 50 years, in large part because of important reductions in hypertension, tobacco smoking, and more recently, increased use of anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation (2,3)...
May 12, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493599/spinal-cord-stimulator-implant-infection-rates-and-risk-factors-a-multicenter-retrospective-study
#5
Bryan C Hoelzer, Mark A Bendel, Timothy R Deer, Jason S Eldrige, David R Walega, Zhen Wang, Shrif Costandi, Gerges Azer, Wenchun Qu, Steven M Falowski, Stephanie A Neuman, Susan M Moeschler, Catherine Wassef, Christopher Kim, Tariq Niazi, Taher Saifullah, Brian Yee, Chong Kim, Christine L Oryhan, Joshua M Rosenow, Daniel T Warren, Imanuel Lerman, Ruben Mora, Salim M Hayek, Michael Hanes, Thomas Simopoulos, Sanjiv Sharma, Chris Gilligan, Warren Grace, Timothy Ade, Nagy A Mekhail, John P Hunter, Daniel Choi, Deborah Y Choi
OBJECTIVES: Spinal cord stimulation is an evidence-based treatment for a number of chronic pain conditions. While this therapy offers improvement in pain and function it is not without potential complications. These complications include device failure, migration, loss of therapeutic paresthesia, and infection. This article looked to establish a modern infection rate for spinal cord stimulators, assess the impact of known risk factors for surgical site infections and to determine the impact of certain preventative measures on the rate of infection...
May 11, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489142/cognitive-cooperation-groups-mediated-by-computers-and-internet-present-significant-improvement-of-cognitive-status-in-older-adults-with-memory-complaints-a-controlled-prospective-study
#6
Rodrigo de Rosso Krug, Anna Quialheiro Abreu da Silva, Ione Jayce Ceola Schneider, Luiz Roberto Ramos, Eleonora d'Orsi, André Junqueira Xavier
Objective: To estimate the effect of participating in cognitive cooperation groups, mediated by computers and the internet, on the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) percent variation of outpatients with memory complaints attending two memory clinics. Methods: A prospective controlled intervention study carried out from 2006 to 2013 with 293 elders. The intervention group (n = 160) attended a cognitive cooperation group (20 sessions of 1.5 hours each). The control group (n = 133) received routine medical care...
April 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487137/clinical-risk-factors-alone-are-inadequate-for-predicting-significant-coronary-artery-disease
#7
Frederick K Korley, Constantine Gatsonis, Bradley S Snyder, Richard T George, Thura Abd, Stefan L Zimmerman, Harold I Litt, Judd E Hollander
OBJECTIVE: We sought to derive and validate a model for identifying suspected ACS patients harboring undiagnosed significant coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of data from a randomized control trial (RCT). Patients randomized to the CTA arm of an RCT examining a CTA-based strategy for ruling-out acute coronary syndrome (ACS) constitute the derivation cohort, which was randomly divided into a training dataset (2/3, used for model derivation) and a test dataset (1/3, used for internal validation (IV))...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476384/risk-factors-associated-with-nonunion-after-elective-foot-and-ankle-reconstruction-a-case-control-study
#8
Kyle R Moore, Michael A Howell, Karl R Saltrick, Alan R Catanzariti
Postoperative nonunion is not uncommon in the lower extremity, and significant morbidity can be associated with nonunion of the foot and ankle after surgical reconstruction. For the purposes of the present study, we retrospectively reviewed and compared a cohort of patients who had undergone elective foot and ankle reconstruction to better assess the modifiable risk factors associated with postoperative nonunion. We hypothesized that the presence of endocrine and metabolic abnormalities are often associated with nonunion after foot and ankle surgical reconstruction...
May 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470547/disparities-in-us-healthcare-provider-screening-and-advice-for-cessation-across-chronic-medical-conditions-and-tobacco-products
#9
Diana R Keith, Cassandra A Stanton, Diann E Gaalema, Janice Y Bunn, Nathan J Doogan, Ryan Redner, Allison N Kurti, Antonio Cepeda-Benito, Alexa A Lopez, Adam L Morehead, Megan E Roberts, Stephen T Higgins
BACKGROUND: Disparities in tobacco use are worsening in the United States, disproportionately affecting those with chronic medical conditions. One possible contributor is that physicians may not screen and advise cessation uniformly across patients and/or tobacco products. OBJECTIVE: This study examined provider communications regarding cigarette and non-cigarette tobacco products among adults with chronic conditions. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study drawn from two waves (2013-2014) of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH)...
May 3, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468133/an-analysis-of-independent-variables-affecting-surgical-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-repair-of-maxillofacial-trauma-an-american-college-of-surgeons-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-study
#10
Stephanie M Cohen, Brian E Rosett, David A Shifrin
INTRODUCTION: Facial fractures, from straightforward closed nasal reductions to complex pan facial fractures, are commonly encountered in the Plastic Surgical community. However, very little has been discussed in the literature regarding the outcomes of facial fractures relating to contributing factors. Our aim was to evaluate a battery of independent variables in order to identify, which, if any, factors correlate with suboptimal outcomes in patients who have undergone facial fracture surgery...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460769/premature-coronary-artery-disease-in-india-coronary-artery-disease-in-the-young-cady-registry
#11
S S Iyengar, Rajiv Gupta, Sandhya Ravi, Saral Thangam, Thomas Alexander, C N Manjunath, R Keshava, C B Patil, Annie Sheela, J P S Sawhney
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) occurs at younger age in India but only a limited number of studies have evaluated risk factors and management status. This is a multisite observational registry to assess risk factors and treatment patterns in young patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and stable ischemic heart disease (IHD). METHODS: We recruited 997 young patients (men <55, women <65y) presenting with ACS or stable IHD successively at 22 centers across India...
March 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440996/-quality-dimensions-focused-on-the-healthcare-protocol-infarction-code-c%C3%A3-digo-infarto
#12
Jesús Arriaga-Dávila, Gilberto Pérez-Rodríguez, Gabriela Borrayo-Sánchez
The Código Infarto (Infarction Code) strategy is part of the comprehensive care program "A Todo Corazón" (To All Heart), whose aim is to reinforce the prevention and health care of cardiovascular diseases. Mexico faces a big challenge, since it is the country with greater mortality secondary to acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the first 30 days in patients of 45 years or older (28% compared with 7.9% of the average). In addition, Mexico's population has a high prevalence of risk factors (hypertension, diabetes, tobacco use, dyslipidemias, overweight, and obesity)...
May 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432660/management-of-dyslipidemias-in-europe-and-the-usa-same-evidence-different-conclusions-can-we-find-common-ground
#13
REVIEW
Ian M Graham, Alberico L Catapano
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: An examination of the current ACC/AHA and ESC/EAS Guidelines on the management of dyslipidemias for common ground and differences. RECENT FINDINGS: There is much common ground. Both note that ASCVD is, in most people, the product of a number of risk factors, notably tobacco exposure, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, inactivity, overweight and diabetes. They stress that risk calculators can help in the assessment of risk in apparently healthy persons...
June 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430796/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-tuberculosis-and-diabetes-mellitus-comorbidity-a-systematic-review
#14
Mahteme Haile Workneh, Gunnar Aksel Bjune, Solomon Abebe Yimer
INTRODUCTION: The dual burden of tuberculosis (TB) and diabetes mellitus (DM) has become a major global public health concern. There is mounting evidence from different countries on the burden of TB and DM comorbidity. The objective of this systematic review was to summarize the existing evidence on prevalence and associated/risk factors of TBDM comorbidity at global and regional levels. METHODS: Ovid Medline, Embase, Global health, Cochrane library, Web of science and Scopus Elsevier databases were searched to identify eligible articles for the systematic review...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427874/factors-that-increase-the-risk-of-infection-after-elbow-arthroscopy-analysis-of-patient-demographics-medical-comorbidities-and-steroid-injections-in-2-704-medicare-patients
#15
Christopher L Camp, Jourdan M Cancienne, Ryan M Degen, Joshua S Dines, David W Altchek, Brian C Werner
PURPOSE: To use a national database to determine (1) the incidence of joint infection after elbow arthroscopy, (2) identify independent patient-related risk factors for infection, and (3) determine the influence of concomitant intra-articular corticosteroid injection on infection risk. METHODS: The 100% Medicare Standard Analytic Files were queried to identify patients who underwent elbow arthroscopy from 2005 to 2012. Postoperative elbow infections occurring within 6 months of surgery were identified using both International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision codes for postoperative infection and Current Procedural Terminology codes for the surgical treatment of a postoperative infection...
April 17, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417877/tobacco-and-diabetes-clinical-relevance-and-approach-to-smoking-cessation-in-diabetic-smokers
#16
Marco López Zubizarreta, Miguel Ángel Hernández Mezquita, José Manuel Miralles García, Miguel Barrueco Ferrero
Smoking is, together with diabetes mellitus, one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Diabetic patients have unique features and characteristics, some of which are not well known, that cause smoking to aggravate the effects of diabetes and impose difficulties in the smoking cessation process, for which a specificand more intensive approach with stricter controls is required. This review details all aspects with a known influence on the interaction between smoking and diabetes, both as regards the increased risk of macrovascular and microvascular complications of diabetes and the factors with an impact on the results of smoking cessation programs...
April 2017: Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396537/longitudinal-study-of-hypertensive-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-overall-and-cardiovascular-risk
#17
Michel E Safar, Jean-Barthélémy Gnakaméné, Sola Aoun Bahous, Alexandra Yannoutsos, Frédérique Thomas
Despite adequate glycemic and blood pressure control, treated type 2 diabetic hypertensive subjects have a significantly elevated overall/cardiovascular risk. We studied 244 816 normotensive and 99 720 hypertensive subjects (including 7480 type 2 diabetics) attending medical checkups between 1992 and 2011. We sought to identify significant differences in overall/cardiovascular risk between hypertension with and without diabetes mellitus. Mean follow-up was 12.7 years; 14 050 all-cause deaths were reported...
June 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395017/prevalence-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-strokes-in-younger-adults
#18
Mary G George, Xin Tong, Barbara A Bowman
Importance: While stroke mortality rates have decreased substantially in the past 2 decades, this trend has been primarily limited to older adults. Increasing trends in stroke incidence and hospitalizations have been noted among younger adults, but there has been concern that this reflected improved diagnosis through an increased use of imaging rather than representing a real increase. Objectives: To determine whether stroke hospitalization rates have continued to increase and to identify the prevalence of associated stroke risk factors among younger adults...
April 10, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394954/-risk-factors-for-the-development-of-lung-cancer-in-a-cohort-of-adult-smokers
#19
Fernando Saldías Peñafiel, José Manuel Elola Aránguiz, Javier Uribe Monasterio, Arturo Morales Soto, Orlando Díaz Patiño
BACKGROUND: Identifying risk factors for lung cancer in the population could improve the cost-effectiveness of early detection programs using thoracic computed tomography (CT). AIM: To examine the risk factors of lung cancer in a cohort of adult smokers. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An annual clinical and respiratory functional assessment, chest computed tomography for three years and clinical follow up for five years was carried out in 270 patients aged 65 ± 9 years, 55% males, active or former smokers of 10 or more pack-years...
November 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390852/cardiovascular-comorbidity-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-the-canary-islands-ccecan-study
#20
Juan Marco Figueira Goncalves, Rafael Dorta Sánchez, María Del Cristo Rodri Guez Pérez, Pedro Viña Manrique, David Díaz Pérez, Cristina Guzmán Saenz, Juan Manuel Palmero Tejera, Alicia Pérez Rodríguez, Lorenzo Pérez Negrín
INTRODUCTION: Numerous studies have shown a high prevalence of cardiovascular disease in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of this study was to analyse the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and comorbidity in a Canary Islands population diagnosed with COPD, and compared it with data from the general population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 300 patients with COPD and 524 subjects without respiratory disease (control group)...
April 5, 2017: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
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