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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913052/measure-of-processes-of-care-mpoc-translation-and-validation-for-use-in-korea
#1
M An, J G Kim, J Kim
BACKGROUND: The measure of processes of care (MPOC) is a widely used instrument to assess parents' perception of the extent to which healthcare services they and their child receive are family centred. The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of the Korean translation of the MPOC (Korean MPOC). METHODS: The Korean MPOC was completed by 198 parents of children receiving rehabilitation services in five provinces in South Korea. According to the Canadian validation procedures, analyses for internal consistency, construct and concurrent validity, and test-retest reliability were performed...
July 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912987/performance-of-point-of-care-birth-hiv-testing-in-primary-health-care-clinics-an-observational-cohort-study
#2
Bindiya Meggi, Lara Vojnov, Nedio Mabunda, Adolfo Vubil, Alcina Zitha, Ocean Tobaiwa, Chishamiso Mudenyanga, Dadirayi Mutsaka, Timothy Bollinger, Osvaldo Loquiha, Trevor F Peter, Ilesh V Jani
BACKGROUND: Failure to timely diagnose HIV in infants is a major barrier for scaling-up paediatric antiretroviral treatment (ART). WHO recommends birth testing for earlier diagnosis and to improve test coverage, but current diagnosis takes 2-3 weeks to complete, thereby limiting the ability of care givers to provide follow-on care, especially in low-resource settings. We evaluated the benefit of implementing rapid diagnosis of HIV at birth in primary health care maternity wards in Mozambique...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912645/use-of-a-modified-bubble-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-bcpap-device-for-children-in-respiratory-distress-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-safety-study
#3
Ashley R Bjorklund, Beatrice Odongkara Mpora, Marie E Steiner, Gwenyth Fischer, Cynthia S Davey, Tina M Slusher
BACKGROUND: While bubble continuous positive airway pressure (bCPAP) is commonly used in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) to support neonates with respiratory distress, there are limited non-invasive support options for non-neonatal children. AIM: To demonstrate safety of a new device designed to support children during respiratory distress in LMIC. METHODS: A paediatric bCPAP device was designed called SEAL-bCPAP (Simplified Ear-plug Adapted-bCPAP)...
June 18, 2018: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912602/comparing-immunoglobulin-a-vasculitis-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-in-children-and-adults-a-single-centre-study-from-turkey
#4
E D Batu, A Sarı, A Erden, H E Sönmez, B Armağan, U Kalyoncu, Ö Karadağ, Y Bilginer, A Akdoğan, S Kiraz, S Özen
OBJECTIVE: Immunoglobulin A vasculitis/Henoch-Schönlein purpura (IgAV/HSP) is a systemic vasculitis involving small vessels with the deposition of immune complexes containing IgA. It is the most common primary systemic vasculitis of childhood and is much less common in adults. Our aim was to investigate the differences and similarities between adult and paediatric patients with IgAV/HSP. METHOD: We retrospectively evaluated the medical records of 35 adult and 159 paediatric (˂ 18 years old) patients with a clinical diagnosis of IgAV/HSP who were seen at the Departments of Rheumatology and Pediatric Rheumatology, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey...
June 18, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912465/prevalence-and-pattern-of-psychosocial-disorders-among-caregivers-of-hiv-infected-children-in-enugu-south-eastern-nigeria
#5
I F Ogbonna, I J Emodi, A N Ikefuna, N C Ojinnaka
Background: Nigeria has the highest burden of paediatric HIV in the world. HIV infection may result in significant life stressors, on both the infected children and their caregivers. Methods: This included a hospital-based cross-sectional and comparative study. Subjects and controls who met the inclusion criteria were enrolled consecutively. Their socio-demographic variables were obtained and GHQ-28 was used to assess their psychosocial status. Results: A total of 154 caregivers of HIV-infected children (subjects) and 154 caregivers of HIV-negative children (controls) were enrolled into this study...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910494/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-pre-operative-over-fasting-on-post-operative-vomiting-in-children-undergoing-bone-marrow-aspiration-at-a-tertiary-care-setting-in-sri-lanka-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Vidura Jayasinghe, Pk Buddhika Mahesh, Cmd Sooriaarachchi, Jimutha Jayalath, Weranga Karunarathne, S N Liyanage
Background and Aims: Non-adherence to standard fasting guidelines may result in perioperative complications. We aimed to determine the association between pre-operative over-fasting and post-operative vomiting amongst children undergoing bone marrow aspiration under general anaesthesia. Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted from May 2015 to April 2016 in children undergoing bone marrow aspiration under general anaesthesia and their caregivers. Children fasted for ≥3 hours from last clear fluid intake constituted the exposed group ( n = 202) while children fasting for <3 h constituted the non-exposed group ( n = 202)...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910493/a-study-to-compare-caudal-levobupivacaine-tramadol-and-a-combination-of-both-in-paediatric-inguinal-hernia-surgeries
#7
Neelam Dogra, Rajat Dadheech, Mahipal Dhaka, Anupama Gupta
Background and Aims: Caudal block is a safe and simple method of pain relief in young children with the drawback of a short duration of analgesia which can be overcome by adding various adjuvants to the injected local anaesthetic. We compared the effects of caudal levobupivacaine, tramadol and a combination of both in paediatric patients undergoing inguinal herniotomy. Methods: A total of 78 children aged 1-7 years, planned for inguinal herniotomy were randomly allocated into three groups...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910113/evaluation-of-the-vasoactive-inotropic-score-mid-regional-pro-adrenomedullin-and-cardiac-troponin-i-as-predictors-of-low-cardiac-output-syndrome-in-children-after-congenital-heart-disease-surgery
#8
J L Pérez-Navero, C Merino-Cejas, I Ibarra de la Rosa, S Jaraba-Caballero, M Frias-Perez, E Gómez-Guzmán, M Gil-Campos, M J de la Torre-Aguilar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictive value of the inotropic score (IS) and vasoactive-inotropic score (VIS) in low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS) in children after congenital heart disease surgery involving cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), and to establish whether mid-regional pro-adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) and cardiac troponin I (cTn-I), associated to the IS and VIS scores, increases the predictive capacity in LCOS. DESIGN: A prospective observational study was carried out...
June 14, 2018: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909783/cricopharyngeal-achalasia-associated-with-laryngomalacia-as-a-cause-of-failure-to-thrive
#9
V Givens, K Brent, M Dunham, S P Kanotra
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of concurrent cricopharyngeal achalasia with laryngomalacia as a cause of failure to thrive, and to review the literature and management options of cricopharyngeal achalasia in the paediatric population. METHODS: A chart review was performed on a four-month-old male, referred for failure to thrive, and diagnosed with cricopharyngeal achalasia and laryngomalacia. A PubMed and Embase search for 'cricopharyngeal achalasia' and 'laryngomalacia' was conducted...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907630/clinical-features-of-paediatric-uveitis-at-a-tertiary-referral-centre-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-sp-brazil
#10
Fernanda Maria Silveira Souto, Bárbara Vilela Giampietro, Julia Thiemi Takiuti, Lucia Maria Arruda Campos, Carlos Eduardo Hirata, Joyce Hisae Yamamoto
AIMS: To analyse the clinical features, systemic associations, treatment and visual outcomes of uveitis in children from a referral centre in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: Clinical records of patients under 16 years old who attended the Uveitis Service, Hospital das Clinicas, Faculdadede Medicina, Universidade de São PauloFMUSP, between April and September 2017, were reviewed retrospectively. Patients with incomplete medical records, previous ocular trauma, or less than six6 months of follow-up were excluded...
June 15, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907601/pragmatic-and-evidence-based-approach-to-paediatric-cerebrospinal-fluid-reference-limits-for-white-cell-count-and-concentrations-of-total-protein-and-glucose
#11
Nicky Josman, Nancy W S Tee, Matthias Maiwald, Liat Hui Loo, Clement K M Ho
BACKGROUND: It is often impractical for each laboratory to establish its own paediatric reference intervals. This is particularly true for specimen types collected using invasive procedures, for example, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). METHODS: Published CSF reference intervals for white cell count, and concentrations of total protein and glucose were reviewed by stakeholders in a paediatric hospital. Consensus reference intervals for the three CSF parameters were then subjected to verification using guidelines from the Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute and residual CSF specimens...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907539/serum-trough-level-as-a-postmarketing-quality-measure-of-generic-vancomycin-products
#12
Ya-Wen Tsai, Yu-Chiang Wang, Shian-Sen Shie, Min-Chi Chen, Yhu-Chering Huang, Chih-Jung Chen
BACKGROUND: The vancomycin trough level (VTL) is the most widely used pharmacokinetic parameter for monitoring its clinical efficacy. Whether the VTL is affected in patients receiving different vancomycin products has not previously been determined. METHODS: From 2005 to 2015, five vancomycin products, including the innovator (designated as VAN-Lilly) and four generic versions (designated as VAN-A, VAN-B, VAN-C and VAN-D), were sequentially used in a teaching hospital...
June 2, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907148/a-case-of-metaplastic-atrophic-gastritis-in-immune-dysregulation-polyendocrinopathy-enteropathy-x-linked-ipex-syndrome
#13
Youyou Luo, Jie Chen, Youhong Fang, Jingan Lou, Jindan Yu
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune metaplastic atrophic gastritis is a chronic progressive inflammatory condition. The clinical spectrum includes pernicious anemia, atrophic gastritis, antibodies to parietal cell antigens and intrinsic factor, achlorhydria, hypergastrinemia and carcinoma. It is rare in paediatric cohorts. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a boy with metaplastic atrophic gastritis in whom immune dysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy, X-linked(IPEX) syndrome was confirmed by FOXP3 gene mutation...
June 15, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907114/amelogenesis-imperfecta-therapeutic-strategy-from-primary-to-permanent-dentition-across-case-reports
#14
Steve Toupenay, Benjamin Philippe Fournier, Marie-Cécile Manière, Chantal Ifi-Naulin, Ariane Berdal, Muriel de La Dure-Molla
BACKGROUND: Hereditary enamel defect diseases are regrouped under the name "Amelogenesis Imperfecta" (AIH). Both dentitions are affected. Clinical expression is heterogeneous and varies between patients. Mutations responsible for this multigene disease may alter various genes and the inheritance can be either autosomal dominant or recessive, or X-linked. Until now, no therapeutic consensus has emerged for this rare disease. CASE PRESENTATION: The purpose of this article was to report treatments of AIH patients from childhood to early adulthood...
June 15, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906523/ventricular-fibromas-in-children-arrhythmia-risk-and-outcomes-a-multicentre-study
#15
John P Jones, Tristan Ramcharan, Milind Chaudhari, Vinay Bhole, Karen Mcleod, Shankar Sadagopan, Orhan Uzun, Andrew Parry, Jan Till, Colin J McMahon, Alan G Stuart, Mark A Walsh
BACKGROUND: Although ventricular fibromas are a rare, they are the second most common type of cardiac tumor in children. While histologically benign, they have a propensity to cause malignant arrhythmias, with cardiac arrest often being the first presentation.; OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the arrhythmia risk, and management strategies for pediatric ventricular fibromas. METHODS: Fifteen centers in the British Paediatric Arrhythmia Group network were contacted to partake in the study to contribute cases...
June 12, 2018: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905152/epileptic-seizure-semiology-in-different-age-groups
#16
Guadalupe Fernandez-Baca Vaca, Carlos L Mayor, Naira García Losarcos, Jun T Park, Hans O Lüders
Seizure semiology provides information about the eloquent cortex involved during a seizure and helps to generate a hypothesis regarding the localization of the epileptogenic zone (EZ), a prerequisite for surgical management of epilepsy. We aimed to study the seizure semiology among all different age groups to better characterize semiological changes that occur with age. We performed a retrospective review of video-EEG data in paediatric and adult patients admitted to the Epilepsy Monitoring Unit over a three-year period...
June 15, 2018: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903799/the-silkie-skin-grafting-low-friktion-environment-study-a-non-randomised-proof-of-concept-and-feasibility-study-on-the-impact-of-low-friction-nursing-environment-on-skin-grafting-success-rates-in-adult-and-paediatric-burns
#17
Linda Hollén, Rosemary Greenwood, Rebecca Kandiyali, Jenny Ingram, Chris Foy, Susan George, Sandra Mulligan, Francesca Spickett-Jones, Simon Booth, Anthony Sack, Alan Emond, Ken Dunn, Amber Young
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of low-friction (LF) bedding on graft loss in an acute burn care setting, and to examine the feasibility and costs of using LF bedding compared with standard care. DESIGN: Proof of concept before and after study with feasibility of delivering the intervention. SETTING: Three burns services within two UK hospital trusts. PARTICIPANTS: Inclusion criteria were patients older than 4 weeks, who received a skin graft after burn injury and were admitted overnight...
June 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903738/the-poor-health-of-paediatrics-in-china
#18
EDITORIAL
Yue Liu, Rui Song, Peter C Hou, Li Zhang, Yin Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902672/childhood-cancer-registration-in-new-zealand-a-registry-collaboration-to-asssess-and-improve-data-quality
#19
Kirsten R Ballantine, Susan Hanna, Scott Macfarlane, Peter Bradbeer, Lochie Teague, Sarah Hunter, Siobhan Cross, Jane Skeen
AIM: To evaluate the completeness and accuracy of child cancer registration in New Zealand. METHODS: Registrations for children aged 0-14 diagnosed between 1/1/2010 and 31/12/2014 were obtained from the New Zealand Cancer Registry (NZCR) and the New Zealand Children's Cancer Registry (NZCCR). Six key data fields were matched using National Health Index numbers in order to identify and resolve registration discrepancies. Capture-recapture methods were used to assess the completeness of cancer registration...
June 11, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902283/botulinum-toxin-chemodenervation-for-childhood-strabismus-in-england-national-and-local-patterns-of-practice
#20
Ameenat Lola Solebo, Anne-Marie Austin, Maria Theodorou, Chris Timms, Joanne Hancox, Gillian G W Adams
BACKGROUND: Botulinum toxin injection chemodenervation is a well-established intervention for adult strabismus, and has also been recognised as an effective alternative to routine incisional surgery for paediatric disease. We aimed to investigate the temporal patterns of practice, indications and outcomes of chemodenervation for paediatric strabismus at national and tertiary centre level. METHODS: Retrospective study using routinely collected patient data: Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) data were used to identify children undergoing non-incisional strabismus procedures in England from 2007 to 2016...
2018: PloS One
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