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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816811/vegetarian-diet-during-pregnancy-assessment-and-support
#1
Denise Snow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813955/robotic-therapy-for-phantom-limb-pain-in-upper-limb-amputees
#2
Peter W Snow, Imad Sedki, Marco Sinisi, Richard Comley, Rui C V Loureiro
The system described in this paper combines virtual reality with haptic feedback to increase the level of immersion and invoke the sense of agency in patients with phantom limb pain with the aim of reducing perceived pain. This paper presents three case studies of an on-going clinical study. The initial results suggest an increased sense of embodiment of the virtual limb promotes a decrease in perceived levels of pain. The results strengthen the view that the cortical map does not fully "disappear" yet lays dormant...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811879/growth-and-fecundity-of-fertile-miscanthus%C3%A2-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-giganteus-powercane-compared-to-feral-and-ornamental-miscanthus-sinensis-in-a-common-garden-experiment-implications-for-invasion
#3
Maria N Miriti, Tahir Ibrahim, Destiny Palik, Catherine Bonin, Emily Heaton, Evans Mutegi, Allison A Snow
Perennial grasses are promising candidates for bioenergy crops, but species that can escape cultivation and establish self-sustaining naturalized populations (feral) may have the potential to become invasive. Fertile Miscanthus × giganteus, known as "PowerCane," is a new potential biofuel crop. Its parent species are ornamental, non-native Miscanthus species that establish feral populations and are sometimes invasive in the USA. As a first step toward assessing the potential for "PowerCane" to become invasive, we documented its growth and fecundity relative to one of its parent species (Miscanthus sinensis) in competition with native and invasive grasses in common garden experiments located in Columbus, Ohio and Ames, Iowa, within the targeted range of biofuel cultivation...
August 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810813/newborn-thyroid-screening-influence-of-pre-analytic-variables-on-dried-blood-spot-tsh-measurement
#4
Allison M Butler, Wiyada Charoensiriwatana, Piamnukul Krasao, Rotjanapan Pankanjanato, Penpan Thong-Ngao, Randall C Polson, Gregory L Snow, Joel Ehrenkranz
BACKGROUND: Measuring thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) eluted from a dried blood spot (DBS) is used to screen an estimated 30 million newborns annually for congenital hypothyroidism. Newborn thyroid screening has eliminated cretinism from the industrialized world and decreased the adverse effects of unrecognized congenital hypothyroidism on neurocognitive development. Hematocrit, a pre-analytic variable that affects the measurement of TSH from a DBS, contributes to the imprecision of DBS TSH measurement and could account for false negative and false positive DBS newborn screening test results...
August 16, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808334/cardiorespiratory-optimization-during-improvised-singing-and-toning
#5
N F Bernardi, S Snow, I Peretz, H D Orozco Perez, N Sabet-Kassouf, A Lehmann
We evaluated the effect of different forms of singing on cardiorespiratory physiology, and we aimed at disentangling the role of breathing from that of vocal production. Cardiorespiratory recordings were obtained from 20 healthy adults at rest and during: a) singing of familiar slow songs as in the standard form of Western culture; b) improvised vocalization of free vowel sounds, known as toning. To disentangle the role of breathing from that of vocal production, we compared the vocal conditions with matched breathing-only conditions...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808115/human-papillomavirus-in-oropharyngeal-cancer-in-canada-analysis-of-5-comprehensive-cancer-centres-using-multiple-imputation
#6
Steven Habbous, Karen P Chu, Harold Lau, Melissa Schorr, Mathieos Belayneh, Michael N Ha, Scott Murray, Brian O'Sullivan, Shao Hui Huang, Stephanie Snow, Matthew Parliament, Desiree Hao, Winson Y Cheung, Wei Xu, Geoffrey Liu
BACKGROUND: The incidence of oropharyngeal cancer has risen over the past 2 decades. This rise has been attributed to human papillomavirus (HPV), but information on temporal trends in incidence of HPV-associated cancers across Canada is limited. METHODS: We collected social, clinical and demographic characteristics and p16 protein status (p16-positive or p16-negative, using this immunohistochemistry variable as a surrogate marker of HPV status) for 3643 patients with oropharyngeal cancer diagnosed between 2000 and 2012 at comprehensive cancer centres in British Columbia (6 centres), Edmonton, Calgary, Toronto and Halifax...
August 14, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807420/how-the-dispersant-corexit-impacts-the-formation-of-sinking-marine-oil-snow
#7
Uta Passow, Julia Sweet, Antonietta Quigg
The vertical transport of sinking marine oil snow (MOS) and oil-sediment aggregations (OSA) during the Deepwater Horizon (DwH) spill contributed appreciably to the unexpected, and exceptional accumulation of oil on the seafloor. However, the role of the dispersant Corexit in mediating oil-sedimentation is still controversial. Here we demonstrate that the formation of diatom MOS is enhanced by chemically undispersed oil, but inhibited by Corexit-dispersed oil. Nevertheless, the sedimentation rate of oil may at times be enhanced by Corexit application, because of an elevated oil content per aggregate when Corexit is used...
August 11, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805418/adaptation-of-a-nursing-home-culture-change-research-instrument-for-frontline-staff-quality-improvement-use
#8
Christine W Hartmann, Jennifer A Palmer, Whitney L Mills, Camilla B Pimentel, Rebecca S Allen, Nancy J Wewiorski, Kristen R Dillon, A Lynn Snow
Enhanced interpersonal relationships and meaningful resident engagement in daily life are central to nursing home cultural transformation, yet these critical components of person-centered care may be difficult for frontline staff to measure using traditional research instruments. To address the need for easy-to-use instruments to help nursing home staff members evaluate and improve person-centered care, the psychometric method of cognitive-based interviewing was used to adapt a structured observation instrument originally developed for researchers and nursing home surveyors...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804813/a-systematic-review-of-the-clinical-applications-and-complications-of-bone-marrow-aspirate-concentrate-in-management-of-bone-defects-and-nonunions
#9
REVIEW
Mohamed A Imam, James Holton, Lukas Ernstbrunner, Wojciech Pepke, Florian Grubhofer, Ali Narvani, Martyn Snow
PURPOSE: Fracture healing encompasses a succession of dynamic multifactorial metabolic events, which ultimately re-establishes the integrity of the biomechanical properties of the bone. Up to 10% of the fractures occurring annually will need additional surgical procedures because of impaired healing. The aim of this article is to review the current literature regarding the use of bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC) and its effectiveness in the management of bone defects. METHODS: We have included all published clinical literature investigating the development, techniques and applications of BMAC...
August 13, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802916/brain-region-and-sex-specific-alterations-in-mitochondrial-function-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-in-the-tgcrnd8-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#10
Jelena Djordjevic, Ella Thomson, Subir Roy Chowdhury, Wanda M Snow, Claudia Perez, Tak Pan Wong, Paul Fernyhough, Benedict C Albensi
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common late onset neurodegenerative disorder with indications that women are disproportionally affected. Mitochondrial dysfunction has been one of the most discussed hypotheses associated with the early onset and progression of AD, and it has been attributed to intraneuronal accumulation of amyloid β (Aβ). It was suggested that one of the possible mediators for Aβ-impaired mitochondrial function is the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway. NF-κB plays important roles in brain inflammation and antioxidant defense, as well as in the regulation of mitochondrial function, and studies have confirmed altered NF-κB signaling in AD brain...
August 9, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799795/could-it-be-snowing-microbes-on-enceladus-assessing-conditions-in-its-plume-and-implications-for-future-missions
#11
Carolyn C Porco, Luke Dones, Colin Mitchell
We analyzed Cassini Imaging Science Subsystem (ISS) images of the plume of Enceladus to derive particle number densities for the purpose of comparing our results with those obtained from other Cassini instrument investigations. Initial discrepancies in the results from different instruments, as large as factors of 10-20, can be reduced to ∼2 to 3 by accounting for the different times and geometries at which measurements were taken. We estimate the average daily ice production rate, between 2006 and 2010, to be 29 ± 7 kg/s, and a solid-to-vapor ratio, S/V > 0...
August 11, 2017: Astrobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797521/increasing-chloride-in-rivers-of-the-conterminous-u-s-and-linkages-to-potential-corrosivity-and-lead-action-level-exceedances-in-drinking-water
#12
E G Stets, C J Lee, D A Lytle, M R Schock
Corrosion in water-distribution systems is a costly problem and controlling corrosion is a primary focus of efforts to reduce lead (Pb) and copper (Cu) in tap water. High chloride concentrations can increase the tendency of water to cause corrosion in distribution systems. The effects of chloride are also expressed in several indices commonly used to describe the potential corrosivity of water, the chloride-sulfate mass ratio (CSMR) and the Larson Ratio (LR). Elevated CSMR has been linked to the galvanic corrosion of Pb whereas LR is indicative of the corrosivity of water to iron and steel...
July 25, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783496/the-transport-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-during-rainfall-and-snowmelt-in-contrasting-landscapes
#13
Abha Parajulee, Ying Duan Lei, Ajitha Kananathalingam, David S McLagan, Carl P J Mitchell, Frank Wania
Though it has been established that stream concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in urban watersheds can be much greater than those in less developed watersheds, knowledge of transport mechanisms is lacking, particularly in temperate, Northern climates with seasonal snow packs. We combine high-resolution stream water sampling with air, suspended solid and stream flow monitoring to investigate the source to stream transport of PAHs during rainfall and snowmelt in paired watersheds with contrasting land use...
July 31, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777512/carbon-monoxide-poisoning-in-utah-1996-2013
#14
Lindell K Weaver, Kayla Deru, Susan Churchill, Joshua Legler, Greg Snow, Todd Grey
INTRODUCTION: The true incidence of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is not clearly known, but a description of possible trends could aid in prevention. METHODS: Investigators searched Utah state databases for emergency department (ED) visits and admissions for CO poisoning and medical examiner records for CO-related fatalities. RESULTS: From 1996-2013, 7,590 individuals were diagnosed with CO poisoning: 6,469 were treated/ released from EDs; 596 were admitted; 525 died...
November 2016: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775215/observation-of-coherent-elastic-neutrino-nucleus-scattering
#15
D Akimov, J B Albert, P An, C Awe, P S Barbeau, B Becker, V Belov, A Brown, A Bolozdynya, B Cabrera-Palmer, M Cervantes, J I Collar, R J Cooper, R L Cooper, C Cuesta, D J Dean, J A Detwiler, A Eberhardt, Y Efremenko, S R Elliott, E M Erkela, L Fabris, M Febbraro, N E Fields, W Fox, Z Fu, A Galindo-Uribarri, M P Green, M Hai, M R Heath, S Hedges, D Hornback, T W Hossbach, E B Iverson, L J Kaufman, S Ki, S R Klein, A Khromov, A Konovalov, M Kremer, A Kumpan, C Leadbetter, L Li, W Lu, K Mann, D M Markoff, K Miller, H Moreno, P E Mueller, J Newby, J L Orrell, C T Overman, D S Parno, S Penttila, G Perumpilly, H Ray, J Raybern, D Reyna, G C Rich, D Rimal, D Rudik, K Scholberg, B J Scholz, G Sinev, W M Snow, V Sosnovtsev, A Shakirov, S Suchyta, B Suh, R Tayloe, R T Thornton, I Tolstukhin, J Vanderwerp, R L Varner, C J Virtue, Z Wan, J Yoo, C-H Yu, A Zawada, J Zettlemoyer, A M Zderic
The coherent elastic scattering of neutrinos off nuclei has eluded detection for four decades, even though its predicted cross-section is the largest by far of all low-energy neutrino couplings. This mode of interaction provides new opportunities to study neutrino properties, and leads to a miniaturization of detector size, with potential technological applications. We observe this process at a 6.7-sigma confidence level, using a low-background, 14.6-kg CsI[Na] scintillator exposed to the neutrino emissions from the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory...
August 3, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772580/effect-of-material-composition-and-environmental-condition-on-thermal-characteristics-of-conductive-asphalt-concrete
#16
Pan Pan, Shaopeng Wu, Xiaodi Hu, Gang Liu, Bo Li
Conductive asphalt concrete with high thermal conductivity has been proposed to improve the solar energy collection and snow melting efficiencies of asphalt solar collector (ASC). This paper aims to provide some insight into choosing the basic materials for preparation of conductive asphalt concrete, as well as determining the evolution of thermal characteristics affected by environmental factors. The thermal properties of conductive asphalt concrete were studied by the Thermal Constants Analyzer. Experimental results showed that aggregate and conductive filler have a significant effect on the thermal properties of asphalt concrete, while the effect of asphalt binder was not evident due to its low proportion...
February 23, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769092/unprecedented-heat-wave-in-december-2015-and-potential-for-winter-glacier-ablation-in-the-eastern-alps
#17
Renato R Colucci, Filippo Giorgi, Csaba Torma
We document the occurrence in December 2015 of unprecedented high monthly mean temperatures in the observational record of mountain sites in the eastern Alps. For the first time in the last 150 years mean December temperature exceeded 0 °C at elevations between 2100 and 2500 m, with December mean anomalies exceeding 6.5 °C with respect to the 1971-2000 mean. Along with the absence of snow cover, such temperatures might have lead to unprecedented winter ablation of glaciers in this elevation range. Smaller temperature anomalies occurred in surrounding low elevation sites, highlighting the key role of topography in this event...
August 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766697/can-snowshoe-hares-control-treeline-expansions
#18
Justin Olnes, Knut Kielland, Glenn P Juday, Daniel H Mann, Hélène Genet, Roger W Ruess
Treelines in Alaska are advancing in elevation and latitude because of climate warming, which is expanding the habitat available for boreal wildlife species, including snowshoe hares (Lepus americanus). Snowshoe hares are already present in tall shrub communities beyond treeline and are the main browser of white spruce (Picea glauca), the dominant tree species at treeline in Alaska. We investigated the processes involved in a 'snowshoe hare filter' to white spruce establishment near treeline in Denali National Park...
August 2, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766487/survival-and-antibiotic-resistance-of-bacteria-in-artificial-snow-produced-from-contaminated-water
#19
(no author information available yet)
This study shows microbiological contamination of water in two main Podhale rivers, whose resources are used for artificial snowing, and the resulting snow contamination. 31 E. coli strains were isolated from snow at two ski stations in the studied region, their antimicrobial resistance was determined and the presence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) genes was searched for. The results indicate that waters of both rivers are severely contaminated, resulting in contamination of artificial snow, with among others thermotolerant E...
July 3, 2017: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763517/higher-risk-of-gastrointestinal-parasite-infection-at-lower-elevation-suggests-possible-constraints-in-the-distributional-niche-of-alpine-marmots
#20
Stefania Zanet, Giacomo Miglio, Caterina Ferrari, Bruno Bassano, Ezio Ferroglio, Achaz von Hardenberg
Alpine marmots Marmota marmota occupy a narrow altitudinal niche within high elevation alpine environments. For animals living at such high elevations where resources are limited, parasitism represents a potential major cost in life history. Using occupancy models, we tested if marmots living at higher elevation have a reduced risk of being infected with gastro-intestinal helminths, possibly compensating the lower availability of resources (shorter feeding season, longer snow cover and lower temperature) than marmots inhabiting lower elevations...
2017: PloS One
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