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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343123/estimation-of-red-light-running-frequency-using-high-resolution-traffic-and-signal-data
#1
Peng Chen, Guizhen Yu, Xinkai Wu, Yilong Ren, Yueguang Li
Red-light-running (RLR) emerges as a major cause that may lead to intersection-related crashes and endanger intersection safety. To reduce RLR violations, it's critical to identify the influential factors associated with RLR and estimate RLR frequency. Without resorting to video camera recordings, this study investigates this important issue by utilizing high-resolution traffic and signal event data collected from loop detectors at five intersections on Trunk Highway 55, Minneapolis, MN. First, a simple method is proposed to identify RLR by fully utilizing the information obtained from stop bar detectors, downstream entrance detectors and advance detectors...
March 23, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340392/-237-np-analytical-method-using-239-np-tracers-and-application-to-a-contaminated-nuclear-disposal-facility
#2
Mathew S Snow, Samuel S Morrison, Sue B Clark, John E Olson, Matthew G Watrous
Environmental (237)Np analyses are challenged by low (237)Np concentrations and lack of an available yield tracer; we report a rapid, inexpensive (237)Np analytical approach employing the short lived (239)Np (t1/2 = 2.3 days) as a chemical yield tracer followed by (237)Np quantification using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. (239)Np tracer is obtained via separation from a (243)Am stock solution and standardized using gamma spectrometry immediately prior to sample processing. Rapid digestions using a commercial, 900 W "Walmart" microwave and Parr microwave vessels result in 99...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339461/mass-elevation-and-lee-effects-markedly-lift-the-elevational-distribution-of-ground-beetles-in-the-himalaya-tibet-orogen
#3
Joachim Schmidt, Jürgen Böhner, Roland Brandl, Lars Opgenoorth
Mass elevation and lee effects markedly influence snow lines and tree lines in high mountain systems. However, their impact on other phenomena or groups of organisms has not yet been quantified. Here we quantitatively studied their influence in the Himalaya-Tibet orogen on the distribution of ground beetles as model organisms, specifically whether the ground beetle distribution increases from the outer to the inner parts of the orogen, against latitudinal effects. We also tested whether July temperature and solar radiation are predictors of the beetle's elevational distribution ranges...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335574/proof-of-concept-development-of-snow-liquid-water-content-profiler-using-cs650-reflectometers-at-caribou-me-usa
#4
Carlos L Pérez Díaz, Jonathan Muñoz, Tarendra Lakhankar, Reza Khanbilvardi, Peter Romanov
The quantity of liquid water in the snowpack defines its wetness. The temporal evolution of snow wetness's plays a significant role in wet-snow avalanche prediction, meltwater release, and water availability estimations and assessments within a river basin. However, it remains a difficult task and a demanding issue to measure the snowpack's liquid water content (LWC) and its temporal evolution with conventional in situ techniques. We propose an approach based on the use of time-domain reflectometry (TDR) and CS650 soil water content reflectometers to measure the snowpack's LWC and temperature profiles...
March 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334063/what-role-does-elongation-play-in-tool-specific-activation-and-connectivity-in-the-dorsal-and-ventral-visual-streams
#5
Juan Chen, Jacqueline C Snow, Jody C Culham, Melvyn A Goodale
Images of tools induce stronger activation than images of nontools in a left-lateralized network that includes ventral-stream areas implicated in tool identification and dorsal-stream areas implicated in tool manipulation. Importantly, however, graspable tools tend to be elongated rather than stubby, and so the tool-selective responses in some of these areas may, to some extent, reflect sensitivity to elongation rather than "toolness" per se. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we investigated the role of elongation in driving tool-specific activation in the 2 streams and their interconnections...
March 18, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331430/measurement-of-the-production-cross-section-of-a-w%C3%A2-boson-in-association-with-two-b-jets-in-pp-collisions-at-formula-see-text
#6
V Khachatryan, A M Sirunyan, A Tumasyan, W Adam, E Asilar, T Bergauer, J Brandstetter, E Brondolin, M Dragicevic, J Erö, M Flechl, M Friedl, R Frühwirth, V M Ghete, C Hartl, N Hörmann, J Hrubec, M Jeitler, A König, I Krätschmer, D Liko, T Matsushita, I Mikulec, D Rabady, N Rad, B Rahbaran, H Rohringer, J Schieck, J Strauss, W Treberer-Treberspurg, W Waltenberger, C-E Wulz, V Mossolov, N Shumeiko, J Suarez Gonzalez, S Alderweireldt, E A De Wolf, X Janssen, J Lauwers, M Van De Klundert, H Van Haevermaet, P Van Mechelen, N Van Remortel, A Van Spilbeeck, S Abu Zeid, F Blekman, J D'Hondt, N Daci, I De Bruyn, K Deroover, N Heracleous, S Lowette, S Moortgat, L Moreels, A Olbrechts, Q Python, S Tavernier, W Van Doninck, P Van Mulders, I Van Parijs, H Brun, C Caillol, B Clerbaux, G De Lentdecker, H Delannoy, G Fasanella, L Favart, R Goldouzian, A Grebenyuk, G Karapostoli, T Lenzi, A Léonard, J Luetic, T Maerschalk, A Marinov, A Randle-Conde, T Seva, C Vander Velde, P Vanlaer, R Yonamine, F Zenoni, F Zhang, A Cimmino, T Cornelis, D Dobur, A Fagot, G Garcia, M Gul, D Poyraz, S Salva, R Schöfbeck, M Tytgat, W Van Driessche, E Yazgan, N Zaganidis, H Bakhshiansohi, C Beluffi, O Bondu, S Brochet, G Bruno, A Caudron, S De Visscher, C Delaere, M Delcourt, L Forthomme, B Francois, A Giammanco, A Jafari, P Jez, M Komm, V Lemaitre, A Magitteri, A Mertens, M Musich, C Nuttens, K Piotrzkowski, L Quertenmont, M Selvaggi, M Vidal Marono, S Wertz, N Beliy, W L Aldá Júnior, F L Alves, G A Alves, L Brito, C Hensel, A Moraes, M E Pol, P Rebello Teles, E Belchior Batista Das Chagas, W Carvalho, J Chinellato, A Custódio, E M Da Costa, G G Da Silveira, D De Jesus Damiao, C De Oliveira Martins, S Fonseca De Souza, L M Huertas Guativa, H Malbouisson, D Matos Figueiredo, C Mora Herrera, L Mundim, H Nogima, W L Prado Da Silva, A Santoro, A Sznajder, E J Tonelli Manganote, A Vilela Pereira, S Ahuja, C A Bernardes, S Dogra, T R Fernandez Perez Tomei, E M Gregores, P G Mercadante, C S Moon, S F Novaes, Sandra S Padula, D Romero Abad, J C Ruiz Vargas, A Aleksandrov, R Hadjiiska, P Iaydjiev, M Rodozov, S Stoykova, G Sultanov, M Vutova, A Dimitrov, I Glushkov, L Litov, B Pavlov, P Petkov, W Fang, M Ahmad, J G Bian, G M Chen, H S Chen, M Chen, Y Chen, T Cheng, C H Jiang, D Leggat, Z Liu, F Romeo, S M Shaheen, A Spiezia, J Tao, C Wang, Z Wang, H Zhang, J Zhao, Y Ban, G Chen, Q Li, S Liu, Y Mao, S J Qian, D Wang, Z Xu, C Avila, A Cabrera, L F Chaparro Sierra, C Florez, J P Gomez, C F González Hernández, J D Ruiz Alvarez, J C Sanabria, N Godinovic, D Lelas, I Puljak, P M Ribeiro Cipriano, Z Antunovic, M Kovac, V Brigljevic, D Ferencek, K Kadija, S Micanovic, L Sudic, T Susa, A Attikis, G Mavromanolakis, J Mousa, C Nicolaou, F Ptochos, P A Razis, H Rykaczewski, M Finger, M Finger Jr, E Carrera Jarrin, Y Assran, T Elkafrawy, A Mahrous, B Calpas, M Kadastik, M Murumaa, L Perrini, M Raidal, A Tiko, C Veelken, P Eerola, J Pekkanen, M Voutilainen, J Härkönen, V Karimäki, R Kinnunen, T Lampén, K Lassila-Perini, S Lehti, T Lindén, P Luukka, T Peltola, J Tuominiemi, E Tuovinen, L Wendland, J Talvitie, T Tuuva, M Besancon, F Couderc, M Dejardin, D Denegri, B Fabbro, J L Faure, C Favaro, F Ferri, S Ganjour, S Ghosh, A Givernaud, P Gras, G Hamel de Monchenault, P Jarry, I Kucher, E Locci, M Machet, J Malcles, J Rander, A Rosowsky, M Titov, A Zghiche, A Abdulsalam, I Antropov, S Baffioni, F Beaudette, P Busson, L Cadamuro, E Chapon, C Charlot, O Davignon, R Granier de Cassagnac, M Jo, S Lisniak, P Miné, M Nguyen, C Ochando, G Ortona, P Paganini, P Pigard, S Regnard, R Salerno, Y Sirois, T Strebler, Y Yilmaz, A Zabi, J-L Agram, J Andrea, A Aubin, D Bloch, J-M Brom, M Buttignol, E C Chabert, N Chanon, C Collard, E Conte, X Coubez, J-C Fontaine, D Gelé, U Goerlach, A-C Le Bihan, J A Merlin, K Skovpen, P Van Hove, S Gadrat, S Beauceron, C Bernet, G Boudoul, E Bouvier, C A Carrillo Montoya, R Chierici, D Contardo, B Courbon, P Depasse, H El Mamouni, J Fan, J Fay, S Gascon, M Gouzevitch, G Grenier, B Ille, F Lagarde, I B Laktineh, M Lethuillier, L Mirabito, A L Pequegnot, S Perries, A Popov, D Sabes, V Sordini, M Vander Donckt, P Verdier, S Viret, T Toriashvili, I Bagaturia, C Autermann, S Beranek, L Feld, A Heister, M K Kiesel, K Klein, M Lipinski, A Ostapchuk, M Preuten, F Raupach, S Schael, C Schomakers, J F Schulte, J Schulz, T Verlage, H Weber, V Zhukov, M Brodski, E Dietz-Laursonn, D Duchardt, M Endres, M Erdmann, S Erdweg, T Esch, R Fischer, A Güth, M Hamer, T Hebbeker, C Heidemann, K Hoepfner, S Knutzen, M Merschmeyer, A Meyer, P Millet, S Mukherjee, M Olschewski, K Padeken, T Pook, M Radziej, H Reithler, M Rieger, F Scheuch, L Sonnenschein, D Teyssier, S Thüer, V Cherepanov, G Flügge, W Haj Ahmad, F Hoehle, B Kargoll, T Kress, A Künsken, J Lingemann, A Nehrkorn, A Nowack, I M Nugent, C Pistone, O Pooth, A Stahl, M Aldaya Martin, C Asawatangtrakuldee, K Beernaert, O Behnke, U Behrens, A A Bin Anuar, K Borras, A Campbell, P Connor, C Contreras-Campana, F Costanza, C Diez Pardos, G Dolinska, G Eckerlin, D Eckstein, E Eren, E Gallo, J Garay Garcia, A Geiser, A Gizhko, J M Grados Luyando, P Gunnellini, A Harb, J Hauk, M Hempel, H Jung, A Kalogeropoulos, O Karacheban, M Kasemann, J Keaveney, J Kieseler, C Kleinwort, I Korol, D Krücker, W Lange, A Lelek, J Leonard, K Lipka, A Lobanov, W Lohmann, R Mankel, I-A Melzer-Pellmann, A B Meyer, G Mittag, J Mnich, A Mussgiller, E Ntomari, D Pitzl, R Placakyte, A Raspereza, B Roland, M Ö Sahin, P Saxena, T Schoerner-Sadenius, C Seitz, S Spannagel, N Stefaniuk, K D Trippkewitz, G P Van Onsem, R Walsh, C Wissing, V Blobel, M Centis Vignali, A R Draeger, T Dreyer, E Garutti, K Goebel, D Gonzalez, J Haller, M Hoffmann, A Junkes, R Klanner, R Kogler, N Kovalchuk, T Lapsien, T Lenz, I Marchesini, D Marconi, M Meyer, M Niedziela, D Nowatschin, J Ott, F Pantaleo, T Peiffer, A Perieanu, J Poehlsen, C Sander, C Scharf, P Schleper, A Schmidt, S Schumann, J Schwandt, H Stadie, G Steinbrück, F M Stober, M Stöver, H Tholen, D Troendle, E Usai, L Vanelderen, A Vanhoefer, B Vormwald, C Barth, C Baus, J Berger, E Butz, T Chwalek, F Colombo, W De Boer, A Dierlamm, S Fink, R Friese, M Giffels, A Gilbert, P Goldenzweig, D Haitz, F Hartmann, S M Heindl, U Husemann, I Katkov, P Lobelle Pardo, B Maier, H Mildner, M U Mozer, T Müller, Th Müller, M Plagge, G Quast, K Rabbertz, S Röcker, F Roscher, M Schröder, I Shvetsov, G Sieber, H J Simonis, R Ulrich, J Wagner-Kuhr, S Wayand, M Weber, T Weiler, S Williamson, C Wöhrmann, R Wolf, G Anagnostou, G Daskalakis, T Geralis, V A Giakoumopoulou, A Kyriakis, D Loukas, I Topsis-Giotis, A Agapitos, S Kesisoglou, A Panagiotou, N Saoulidou, E Tziaferi, I Evangelou, G Flouris, C Foudas, P Kokkas, N Loukas, N Manthos, I Papadopoulos, E Paradas, N Filipovic, G Bencze, C Hajdu, P Hidas, D Horvath, F Sikler, V Veszpremi, G Vesztergombi, A J Zsigmond, N Beni, S Czellar, J Karancsi, A Makovec, J Molnar, Z Szillasi, M Bartók, P Raics, Z L Trocsanyi, B Ujvari, S Bahinipati, S Choudhury, P Mal, K Mandal, A Nayak, D K Sahoo, N Sahoo, S K Swain, S Bansal, S B Beri, V Bhatnagar, R Chawla, U Bhawandeep, A K Kalsi, A Kaur, M Kaur, R Kumar, A Mehta, M Mittal, J B Singh, G Walia, Ashok Kumar, A Bhardwaj, B C Choudhary, R B Garg, S Keshri, S Malhotra, M Naimuddin, N Nishu, K Ranjan, R Sharma, V Sharma, R Bhattacharya, S Bhattacharya, K Chatterjee, S Dey, S Dutt, S Dutta, S Ghosh, N Majumdar, A Modak, K Mondal, S Mukhopadhyay, S Nandan, A Purohit, A Roy, D Roy, S Roy Chowdhury, S Sarkar, M Sharan, S Thakur, P K Behera, R Chudasama, D Dutta, V Jha, V Kumar, A K Mohanty, P K Netrakanti, L M Pant, P Shukla, A Topkar, T Aziz, S Dugad, G Kole, B Mahakud, S Mitra, G B Mohanty, B Parida, N Sur, B Sutar, S Banerjee, S Bhowmik, R K Dewanjee, S Ganguly, M Guchait, Sa Jain, S Kumar, M Maity, G Majumder, K Mazumdar, T Sarkar, N Wickramage, S Chauhan, S Dube, V Hegde, A Kapoor, K Kothekar, A Rane, S Sharma, H Behnamian, S Chenarani, E Eskandari Tadavani, S M Etesami, A Fahim, M Khakzad, M Mohammadi Najafabadi, M Naseri, S Paktinat Mehdiabadi, F Rezaei Hosseinabadi, B Safarzadeh, M Zeinali, M Felcini, M Grunewald, M Abbrescia, C Calabria, C Caputo, A Colaleo, D Creanza, L Cristella, N De Filippis, M De Palma, L Fiore, G Iaselli, G Maggi, M Maggi, G Miniello, S My, S Nuzzo, A Pompili, G Pugliese, R Radogna, A Ranieri, G Selvaggi, L Silvestris, R Venditti, P Verwilligen, G Abbiendi, C Battilana, D Bonacorsi, S Braibant-Giacomelli, L Brigliadori, R Campanini, P Capiluppi, A Castro, F R Cavallo, S S Chhibra, G Codispoti, M Cuffiani, G M Dallavalle, F Fabbri, A Fanfani, D Fasanella, P Giacomelli, C Grandi, L Guiducci, S Marcellini, G Masetti, A Montanari, F L Navarria, A Perrotta, A M Rossi, T Rovelli, G P Siroli, N Tosi, S Albergo, M Chiorboli, S Costa, A Di Mattia, F Giordano, R Potenza, A Tricomi, C Tuve, G Barbagli, V Ciulli, C Civinini, R D'Alessandro, E Focardi, V Gori, P Lenzi, M Meschini, S Paoletti, G Sguazzoni, L Viliani, L Benussi, S Bianco, F Fabbri, D Piccolo, F Primavera, V Calvelli, F Ferro, M Lo Vetere, M R Monge, E Robutti, S Tosi, L Brianza, M E Dinardo, S Fiorendi, S Gennai, A Ghezzi, P Govoni, S Malvezzi, R A Manzoni, B Marzocchi, D Menasce, L Moroni, M Paganoni, D Pedrini, S Pigazzini, S Ragazzi, T Tabarelli de Fatis, S Buontempo, N Cavallo, G De Nardo, S Di Guida, M Esposito, F Fabozzi, A O M Iorio, G Lanza, L Lista, S Meola, P Paolucci, C Sciacca, F Thyssen, P Azzi, N Bacchetta, L Benato, D Bisello, A Boletti, R Carlin, A Carvalho Antunes De Oliveira, P Checchia, M Dall'Osso, P De Castro Manzano, T Dorigo, U Dosselli, F Gasparini, U Gasparini, F Gonella, A Gozzelino, S Lacaprara, A T Meneguzzo, J Pazzini, M Pegoraro, N Pozzobon, P Ronchese, M Sgaravatto, F Simonetto, E Torassa, A Zucchetta, G Zumerle, A Braghieri, A Magnani, P Montagna, S P Ratti, V Re, C Riccardi, P Salvini, I Vai, P Vitulo, L Alunni Solestizi, G M Bilei, D Ciangottini, L Fanò, P Lariccia, R Leonardi, G Mantovani, M Menichelli, A Saha, A Santocchia, K Androsov, P Azzurri, G Bagliesi, J Bernardini, T Boccali, R Castaldi, M A Ciocci, R Dell'Orso, S Donato, G Fedi, A Giassi, M T Grippo, F Ligabue, T Lomtadze, L Martini, A Messineo, F Palla, A Rizzi, A Savoy-Navarro, P Spagnolo, R Tenchini, G Tonelli, A Venturi, P G Verdini, L Barone, F Cavallari, M Cipriani, G D'imperio, D Del Re, M Diemoz, S Gelli, C Jorda, E Longo, F Margaroli, P Meridiani, G Organtini, R Paramatti, F Preiato, S Rahatlou, C Rovelli, F Santanastasio, N Amapane, R Arcidiacono, S Argiro, M Arneodo, N Bartosik, R Bellan, C Biino, N Cartiglia, F Cenna, M Costa, R Covarelli, A Degano, N Demaria, L Finco, B Kiani, C Mariotti, S Maselli, E Migliore, V Monaco, E Monteil, M M Obertino, L Pacher, N Pastrone, M Pelliccioni, G L Pinna Angioni, F Ravera, A Romero, M Ruspa, R Sacchi, K Shchelina, V Sola, A Solano, A Staiano, P Traczyk, S Belforte, M Casarsa, F Cossutti, G Della Ricca, C La Licata, A Schizzi, A Zanetti, D H Kim, G N Kim, M S Kim, S Lee, S W Lee, Y D Oh, S Sekmen, D C Son, Y C Yang, A Lee, J A Brochero Cifuentes, T J Kim, S Cho, S Choi, Y Go, D Gyun, S Ha, B Hong, Y Jo, Y Kim, B Lee, K Lee, K S Lee, S Lee, J Lim, S K Park, Y Roh, J Almond, J Kim, S B Oh, S H Seo, U K Yang, H D Yoo, G B Yu, M Choi, H Kim, H Kim, J H Kim, J S H Lee, I C Park, G Ryu, M S Ryu, Y Choi, J Goh, C Hwang, J Lee, I Yu, V Dudenas, A Juodagalvis, J Vaitkus, I Ahmed, Z A Ibrahim, J R Komaragiri, M A B Md Ali, F Mohamad Idris, W A T Wan Abdullah, M N Yusli, Z Zolkapli, H Castilla-Valdez, E De La Cruz-Burelo, I Heredia-De La Cruz, A Hernandez-Almada, R Lopez-Fernandez, R Magaña Villalba, J Mejia Guisao, A Sanchez-Hernandez, S Carrillo Moreno, C Oropeza Barrera, F Vazquez Valencia, S Carpinteyro, I Pedraza, H A Salazar Ibarguen, C Uribe Estrada, A Morelos Pineda, D Krofcheck, P H Butler, A Ahmad, M Ahmad, Q Hassan, H R Hoorani, W A Khan, M A Shah, M Shoaib, M Waqas, H Bialkowska, M Bluj, B Boimska, T Frueboes, M Górski, M Kazana, K Nawrocki, K Romanowska-Rybinska, M Szleper, P Zalewski, K Bunkowski, A Byszuk, K Doroba, A Kalinowski, M Konecki, J Krolikowski, M Misiura, M Olszewski, M Walczak, P Bargassa, C Beirão Da Cruz E Silva, A Di Francesco, P Faccioli, P G Ferreira Parracho, M Gallinaro, J Hollar, N Leonardo, L Lloret Iglesias, M V Nemallapudi, J Rodrigues Antunes, J Seixas, O Toldaiev, D Vadruccio, J Varela, P Vischia, A Golunov, I Golutvin, N Gorbounov, V Karjavin, V Korenkov, A Lanev, A Malakhov, V Matveev, V V Mitsyn, P Moisenz, V Palichik, V Perelygin, S Shmatov, S Shulha, N Skatchkov, V Smirnov, E Tikhonenko, B S Yuldashev, A Zarubin, L Chtchipounov, V Golovtsov, Y Ivanov, V Kim, E Kuznetsova, V Murzin, V Oreshkin, V Sulimov, A Vorobyev, Yu Andreev, A Dermenev, S Gninenko, N Golubev, A Karneyeu, M Kirsanov, N Krasnikov, A Pashenkov, D Tlisov, A Toropin, V Epshteyn, V Gavrilov, N Lychkovskaya, V Popov, I Pozdnyakov, G Safronov, A Spiridonov, M Toms, E Vlasov, A Zhokin, A Bylinkin, M Chadeeva, E Popova, E Tarkovskii, V Andreev, M Azarkin, I Dremin, M Kirakosyan, A Leonidov, S V Rusakov, A Terkulov, A Baskakov, A Belyaev, E Boos, V Bunichev, M Dubinin, L Dudko, A Gribushin, V Klyukhin, O Kodolova, I Lokhtin, I Miagkov, S Obraztsov, M Perfilov, V Savrin, A Snigirev, V Blinov, Y Skovpen, I Azhgirey, I Bayshev, S Bitioukov, D Elumakhov, V Kachanov, A Kalinin, D Konstantinov, V Krychkine, V Petrov, R Ryutin, A Sobol, S Troshin, N Tyurin, A Uzunian, A Volkov, P Adzic, P Cirkovic, D Devetak, M Dordevic, J Milosevic, V Rekovic, J Alcaraz Maestre, M Barrio Luna, E Calvo, M Cerrada, M Chamizo Llatas, N Colino, B De La Cruz, A Delgado Peris, A Escalante Del Valle, C Fernandez Bedoya, J P Fernández Ramos, J Flix, M C Fouz, P Garcia-Abia, O Gonzalez Lopez, S Goy Lopez, J M Hernandez, M I Josa, E Navarro De Martino, A Pérez-Calero Yzquierdo, J Puerta Pelayo, A Quintario Olmeda, I Redondo, L Romero, M S Soares, J F de Trocóniz, M Missiroli, D Moran, J Cuevas, J Fernandez Menendez, I Gonzalez Caballero, J R González Fernández, E Palencia Cortezon, S Sanchez Cruz, I Suárez Andrés, J M Vizan Garcia, I J Cabrillo, A Calderon, J R Castiñeiras De Saa, E Curras, M Fernandez, J Garcia-Ferrero, G Gomez, A Lopez Virto, J Marco, C Martinez Rivero, F Matorras, J Piedra Gomez, T Rodrigo, A Ruiz-Jimeno, L Scodellaro, N Trevisani, I Vila, R Vilar Cortabitarte, D Abbaneo, E Auffray, G Auzinger, M Bachtis, P Baillon, A H Ball, D Barney, P Bloch, A Bocci, A Bonato, C Botta, T Camporesi, R Castello, M Cepeda, G Cerminara, M D'Alfonso, D d'Enterria, A Dabrowski, V Daponte, A David, M De Gruttola, F De Guio, A De Roeck, E Di Marco, M Dobson, B Dorney, T du Pree, D Duggan, M Dünser, N Dupont, A Elliott-Peisert, S Fartoukh, G Franzoni, J Fulcher, W Funk, D Gigi, K Gill, M Girone, F Glege, D Gulhan, S Gundacker, M Guthoff, J Hammer, P Harris, J Hegeman, V Innocente, P Janot, H Kirschenmann, V Knünz, A Kornmayer, M J Kortelainen, K Kousouris, M Krammer, P Lecoq, C Lourenço, M T Lucchini, L Malgeri, M Mannelli, A Martelli, F Meijers, S Mersi, E Meschi, F Moortgat, S Morovic, M Mulders, H Neugebauer, S Orfanelli, L Orsini, L Pape, E Perez, M Peruzzi, A Petrilli, G Petrucciani, A Pfeiffer, M Pierini, A Racz, T Reis, G Rolandi, M Rovere, M Ruan, H Sakulin, J B Sauvan, C Schäfer, C Schwick, M Seidel, A Sharma, P Silva, M Simon, P Sphicas, J Steggemann, M Stoye, Y Takahashi, M Tosi, D Treille, A Triossi, A Tsirou, V Veckalns, G I Veres, N Wardle, A Zagozdzinska, W D Zeuner, W Bertl, K Deiters, W Erdmann, R Horisberger, Q Ingram, H C Kaestli, D Kotlinski, U Langenegger, T Rohe, F Bachmair, L Bäni, L Bianchini, B Casal, G Dissertori, M Dittmar, M Donegà, P Eller, C Grab, C Heidegger, D Hits, J Hoss, G Kasieczka, P Lecomte, W Lustermann, B Mangano, M Marionneau, P Martinez Ruiz Del Arbol, M Masciovecchio, M T Meinhard, D Meister, F Micheli, P Musella, F Nessi-Tedaldi, F Pandolfi, J Pata, F Pauss, G Perrin, L Perrozzi, M Quittnat, M Rossini, M Schönenberger, A Starodumov, V R Tavolaro, K Theofilatos, R Wallny, T K Aarrestad, C Amsler, L Caminada, M F Canelli, A De Cosa, C Galloni, A Hinzmann, T Hreus, B Kilminster, C Lange, J Ngadiuba, D Pinna, G Rauco, P Robmann, D Salerno, Y Yang, V Candelise, T H Doan, Sh Jain, R Khurana, M Konyushikhin, C M Kuo, W Lin, Y J Lu, A Pozdnyakov, S S Yu, Arun Kumar, P Chang, Y H Chang, Y W Chang, Y Chao, K F Chen, P H Chen, C Dietz, F Fiori, W-S Hou, Y Hsiung, Y F Liu, R-S Lu, M Miñano Moya, E Paganis, A Psallidas, J F Tsai, Y M Tzeng, B Asavapibhop, G Singh, N Srimanobhas, N Suwonjandee, A Adiguzel, M N Bakirci, S Damarseckin, Z S Demiroglu, C Dozen, E Eskut, S Girgis, G Gokbulut, Y Guler, E Gurpinar, I Hos, E E Kangal, O Kara, U Kiminsu, M Oglakci, G Onengut, K Ozdemir, S Ozturk, A Polatoz, D Sunar Cerci, S Turkcapar, I S Zorbakir, C Zorbilmez, B Bilin, S Bilmis, B Isildak, G Karapinar, M Yalvac, M Zeyrek, E Gülmez, M Kaya, O Kaya, E A Yetkin, T Yetkin, A Cakir, K Cankocak, S Sen, B Grynyov, L Levchuk, P Sorokin, R Aggleton, F Ball, L Beck, J J Brooke, D Burns, E Clement, D Cussans, H Flacher, J Goldstein, M Grimes, G P Heath, H F Heath, J Jacob, L Kreczko, C Lucas, D M Newbold, S Paramesvaran, A Poll, T Sakuma, S Seif El Nasr-Storey, D Smith, V J Smith, K W Bell, A Belyaev, C Brew, R M Brown, L Calligaris, D Cieri, D J A Cockerill, J A Coughlan, K Harder, S Harper, E Olaiya, D Petyt, C H Shepherd-Themistocleous, A Thea, I R Tomalin, T Williams, M Baber, R Bainbridge, O Buchmuller, A Bundock, D Burton, S Casasso, M Citron, D Colling, L Corpe, P Dauncey, G Davies, A De Wit, M Della Negra, R Di Maria, P Dunne, A Elwood, D Futyan, Y Haddad, G Hall, G Iles, T James, R Lane, C Laner, R Lucas, L Lyons, A-M Magnan, S Malik, L Mastrolorenzo, J Nash, A Nikitenko, J Pela, B Penning, M Pesaresi, D M Raymond, A Richards, A Rose, C Seez, S Summers, A Tapper, K Uchida, M Vazquez Acosta, T Virdee, J Wright, S C Zenz, J E Cole, P R Hobson, A Khan, P Kyberd, D Leslie, I D Reid, P Symonds, L Teodorescu, M Turner, A Borzou, K Call, J Dittmann, K Hatakeyama, H Liu, N Pastika, O Charaf, S I Cooper, C Henderson, P Rumerio, D Arcaro, A Avetisyan, T Bose, D Gastler, D Rankin, C Richardson, J Rohlf, L Sulak, D Zou, G Benelli, E Berry, D Cutts, A Garabedian, J Hakala, U Heintz, J M Hogan, O Jesus, E Laird, G Landsberg, Z Mao, M Narain, S Piperov, S Sagir, E Spencer, R Syarif, R Breedon, G Breto, D Burns, M Calderon De La Barca Sanchez, S Chauhan, M Chertok, J Conway, R Conway, P T Cox, R Erbacher, C Flores, G Funk, M Gardner, W Ko, R Lander, C Mclean, M Mulhearn, D Pellett, J Pilot, F Ricci-Tam, S Shalhout, J Smith, M Squires, D Stolp, M Tripathi, S Wilbur, R Yohay, R Cousins, P Everaerts, A Florent, J Hauser, M Ignatenko, D Saltzberg, E Takasugi, V Valuev, M Weber, K Burt, R Clare, J Ellison, J W Gary, G Hanson, J Heilman, P Jandir, E Kennedy, F Lacroix, O R Long, M Malberti, M Olmedo Negrete, M I Paneva, A Shrinivas, H Wei, S Wimpenny, B R Yates, J G Branson, G B Cerati, S Cittolin, M Derdzinski, R Gerosa, A Holzner, D Klein, V Krutelyov, J Letts, I Macneill, D Olivito, S Padhi, M Pieri, M Sani, V Sharma, S Simon, M Tadel, A Vartak, S Wasserbaech, C Welke, J Wood, F Würthwein, A Yagil, G Zevi Della Porta, R Bhandari, J Bradmiller-Feld, C Campagnari, A Dishaw, V Dutta, K Flowers, M Franco Sevilla, P Geffert, C George, F Golf, L Gouskos, J Gran, R Heller, J Incandela, N Mccoll, S D Mullin, A Ovcharova, J Richman, D Stuart, I Suarez, C West, J Yoo, D Anderson, A Apresyan, J Bendavid, A Bornheim, J Bunn, Y Chen, J Duarte, J M Lawhorn, A Mott, H B Newman, C Pena, M Spiropulu, J R Vlimant, S Xie, R Y Zhu, M B Andrews, V Azzolini, B Carlson, T Ferguson, M Paulini, J Russ, M Sun, H Vogel, I Vorobiev, J P Cumalat, W T Ford, F Jensen, A Johnson, M Krohn, T Mulholland, K Stenson, S R Wagner, J Alexander, J Chaves, J Chu, S Dittmer, K Mcdermott, N Mirman, G Nicolas Kaufman, J R Patterson, A Rinkevicius, A Ryd, L Skinnari, L Soffi, S M Tan, Z Tao, J Thom, J Tucker, P Wittich, M Zientek, D Winn, S Abdullin, M Albrow, G Apollinari, S Banerjee, L A T Bauerdick, A Beretvas, J Berryhill, P C Bhat, G Bolla, K Burkett, J N Butler, H W K Cheung, F Chlebana, S Cihangir, M Cremonesi, V D Elvira, I Fisk, J Freeman, E Gottschalk, L Gray, D Green, S Grünendahl, O Gutsche, D Hare, R M Harris, S Hasegawa, J Hirschauer, Z Hu, B Jayatilaka, S Jindariani, M Johnson, U Joshi, B Klima, B Kreis, S Lammel, J Linacre, D Lincoln, R Lipton, T Liu, R Lopes De Sá, J Lykken, K Maeshima, N Magini, J M Marraffino, S Maruyama, D Mason, P McBride, P Merkel, S Mrenna, S Nahn, C Newman-Holmes, V O'Dell, K Pedro, O Prokofyev, G Rakness, L Ristori, E Sexton-Kennedy, A Soha, W J Spalding, L Spiegel, S Stoynev, N Strobbe, L Taylor, S Tkaczyk, N V Tran, L Uplegger, E W Vaandering, C Vernieri, M Verzocchi, R Vidal, M Wang, H A Weber, A Whitbeck, D Acosta, P Avery, P Bortignon, D Bourilkov, A Brinkerhoff, A Carnes, M Carver, D Curry, S Das, R D Field, I K Furic, J Konigsberg, A Korytov, P Ma, K Matchev, H Mei, P Milenovic, G Mitselmakher, D Rank, L Shchutska, D Sperka, L Thomas, J Wang, S Wang, J Yelton, S Linn, P Markowitz, G Martinez, J L Rodriguez, A Ackert, J R Adams, T Adams, A Askew, S Bein, B Diamond, S Hagopian, V Hagopian, K F Johnson, A Khatiwada, H Prosper, A Santra, M Weinberg, M M Baarmand, V Bhopatkar, S Colafranceschi, M Hohlmann, D Noonan, T Roy, F Yumiceva, M R Adams, L Apanasevich, D Berry, R R Betts, I Bucinskaite, R Cavanaugh, O Evdokimov, L Gauthier, C E Gerber, D J Hofman, P Kurt, C O'Brien, I D Sandoval Gonzalez, P Turner, N Varelas, H Wang, Z Wu, M Zakaria, J Zhang, B Bilki, W Clarida, K Dilsiz, S Durgut, R P Gandrajula, M Haytmyradov, V Khristenko, J-P Merlo, H Mermerkaya, A Mestvirishvili, A Moeller, J Nachtman, H Ogul, Y Onel, F Ozok, A Penzo, C Snyder, E Tiras, J Wetzel, K Yi, I Anderson, B Blumenfeld, A Cocoros, N Eminizer, D Fehling, L Feng, A V Gritsan, P Maksimovic, M Osherson, J Roskes, U Sarica, M Swartz, M Xiao, Y Xin, C You, A Al-Bataineh, P Baringer, A Bean, J Bowen, C Bruner, J Castle, R P Kenny Iii, A Kropivnitskaya, D Majumder, W Mcbrayer, M Murray, S Sanders, R Stringer, J D Tapia Takaki, Q Wang, A Ivanov, K Kaadze, S Khalil, M Makouski, Y Maravin, A Mohammadi, L K Saini, N Skhirtladze, S Toda, D Lange, F Rebassoo, D Wright, C Anelli, A Baden, O Baron, A Belloni, B Calvert, S C Eno, C Ferraioli, J A Gomez, N J Hadley, S Jabeen, R G Kellogg, T Kolberg, J Kunkle, Y Lu, A C Mignerey, Y H Shin, A Skuja, M B Tonjes, S C Tonwar, D Abercrombie, B Allen, A Apyan, R Barbieri, A Baty, R Bi, K Bierwagen, S Brandt, W Busza, I A Cali, Z Demiragli, L Di Matteo, G Gomez Ceballos, M Goncharov, D Hsu, Y Iiyama, G M Innocenti, M Klute, D Kovalskyi, K Krajczar, Y S Lai, Y-J Lee, A Levin, P D Luckey, A C Marini, C Mcginn, C Mironov, S Narayanan, X Niu, C Paus, C Roland, G Roland, J Salfeld-Nebgen, G S F Stephans, K Sumorok, K Tatar, M Varma, D Velicanu, J Veverka, J Wang, T W Wang, B Wyslouch, M Yang, V Zhukova, A C Benvenuti, R M Chatterjee, A Evans, A Finkel, A Gude, P Hansen, S Kalafut, S C Kao, Y Kubota, Z Lesko, J Mans, S Nourbakhsh, N Ruckstuhl, R Rusack, N Tambe, J Turkewitz, J G Acosta, S Oliveros, E Avdeeva, R Bartek, K Bloom, S Bose, D R Claes, A Dominguez, C Fangmeier, R Gonzalez Suarez, R Kamalieddin, D Knowlton, I Kravchenko, A Malta Rodrigues, F Meier, J Monroy, J E Siado, G R Snow, B Stieger, M Alyari, J Dolen, J George, A Godshalk, C Harrington, I Iashvili, J Kaisen, A Kharchilava, A Kumar, A Parker, S Rappoccio, B Roozbahani, G Alverson, E Barberis, D Baumgartel, A Hortiangtham, A Massironi, D M Morse, D Nash, T Orimoto, R Teixeira De Lima, D Trocino, R-J Wang, D Wood, S Bhattacharya, K A Hahn, A Kubik, A Kumar, J F Low, N Mucia, N Odell, B Pollack, M H Schmitt, K Sung, M Trovato, M Velasco, N Dev, M Hildreth, K Hurtado Anampa, C Jessop, D J Karmgard, N Kellams, K Lannon, N Marinelli, F Meng, C Mueller, Y Musienko, M Planer, A Reinsvold, R Ruchti, G Smith, S Taroni, N Valls, M Wayne, M Wolf, A Woodard, J Alimena, L Antonelli, J Brinson, B Bylsma, L S Durkin, S Flowers, B Francis, A Hart, C Hill, R Hughes, W Ji, B Liu, W Luo, D Puigh, B L Winer, H W Wulsin, S Cooperstein, O Driga, P Elmer, J Hardenbrook, P Hebda, J Luo, D Marlow, T Medvedeva, K Mei, M Mooney, J Olsen, C Palmer, P Piroué, D Stickland, C Tully, A Zuranski, S Malik, A Barker, V E Barnes, S Folgueras, L Gutay, M K Jha, M Jones, A W Jung, K Jung, D H Miller, N Neumeister, B C Radburn-Smith, X Shi, J Sun, A Svyatkovskiy, F Wang, W Xie, L Xu, N Parashar, J Stupak, A Adair, B Akgun, Z Chen, K M Ecklund, F J M Geurts, M Guilbaud, W Li, B Michlin, M Northup, B P Padley, R Redjimi, J Roberts, J Rorie, Z Tu, J Zabel, B Betchart, A Bodek, P de Barbaro, R Demina, Y T Duh, T Ferbel, M Galanti, A Garcia-Bellido, J Han, O Hindrichs, A Khukhunaishvili, K H Lo, P Tan, M Verzetti, J P Chou, E Contreras-Campana, Y Gershtein, T A Gómez Espinosa, E Halkiadakis, M Heindl, D Hidas, E Hughes, S Kaplan, R Kunnawalkam Elayavalli, S Kyriacou, A Lath, K Nash, H Saka, S Salur, S Schnetzer, D Sheffield, S Somalwar, R Stone, S Thomas, P Thomassen, M Walker, M Foerster, J Heideman, G Riley, K Rose, S Spanier, K Thapa, O Bouhali, A Celik, M Dalchenko, M De Mattia, A Delgado, S Dildick, R Eusebi, J Gilmore, T Huang, E Juska, T Kamon, R Mueller, Y Pakhotin, R Patel, A Perloff, L Perniè, D Rathjens, A Rose, A Safonov, A Tatarinov, K A Ulmer, N Akchurin, C Cowden, J Damgov, C Dragoiu, P R Dudero, J Faulkner, S Kunori, K Lamichhane, S W Lee, T Libeiro, S Undleeb, I Volobouev, Z Wang, A G Delannoy, S Greene, A Gurrola, R Janjam, W Johns, C Maguire, A Melo, H Ni, P Sheldon, S Tuo, J Velkovska, Q Xu, M W Arenton, P Barria, B Cox, J Goodell, R Hirosky, A Ledovskoy, H Li, C Neu, T Sinthuprasith, X Sun, Y Wang, E Wolfe, F Xia, C Clarke, R Harr, P E Karchin, P Lamichhane, J Sturdy, D A Belknap, S Dasu, L Dodd, S Duric, B Gomber, M Grothe, M Herndon, A Hervé, P Klabbers, A Lanaro, A Levine, K Long, R Loveless, I Ojalvo, T Perry, G A Pierro, G Polese, T Ruggles, A Savin, A Sharma, N Smith, W H Smith, D Taylor, N Woods
The production cross section of a W boson in association with two b jets is measured using a sample of proton-proton collisions at [Formula: see text] collected by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 19.8[Formula: see text]. The W bosons are reconstructed via their leptonic decays, [Formula: see text], where [Formula: see text] or [Formula: see text]. The fiducial region studied contains exactly one lepton with transverse momentum [Formula: see text] and pseudorapidity [Formula: see text], with exactly two b jets with [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] and no other jets with [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text]...
2017: European Physical Journal. C, Particles and Fields
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328192/molecular-insights-on-dissolved-organic-matter-transformation-by-supraglacial-microbial-communities
#7
Runa Antony, Amanda S Willoughby, Amanda M Grannas, Victoria Catanzano, Rachel L Sleighter, Meloth Thamban, Patrick G Hatcher, Shanta Nair
Snow overlays the majority of Antarctica and is an important repository of dissolved organic matter (DOM). DOM transformations by supraglacial microbes are not well understood. We use ultrahigh resolution mass spectrometry to elucidate molecular changes in snowpack DOM by in situ microbial processes (up to 55 days) in a coastal Antarctic site. Both autochthonous and allochthonous DOM is highly bio-available and is transformed by resident microbial communities through parallel processes of degradation and synthesis...
March 22, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325734/does-maternal-fetal-transfer-of-creatine-occur-in-pregnant-sheep
#8
Syed Baharom, Robert De Matteo, Stacey Ellery, Paul Della Gatta, Clinton R Bruce, Greg M Kowalski, Nadia Hale, Hayley Dickinson, Richard Harding, David Walker, Rodney J Snow
Our aim was to determine the disposition of creatine in ovine pregnancy, and whether creatine is transferred across the placenta from mother to fetus. Pregnant ewes received either: (i) a continuous intravenous infusion of creatine monohydrate or saline from 122 to 131 days gestation, with maternal and fetal arterial blood and amniotic fluid samples collected daily for creatine analysis and fetal tissues collected at necropsy at 133 days for analysis of creatine content, or; (ii) a single systemic bolus injection of (13)C labelled creatine monohydrate at 130 days of gestation, with maternal and fetal arterial blood, uterine vein blood and amniotic fluid samples collected prior to, and for 4 hours post injection and analysed for creatine, creatine isotopic enrichment, and guanidinoacetic acid (GAA, precursor of creatine) concentrations...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325534/association-between-meteorological-factors-and-hepatitis-a-in-spain-2010-2014
#9
Pedro Gullón, Carmen Varela, Elena Vanessa Martínez, Diana Gómez-Barroso
BACKGROUND: There is growing concern of how climate change could affect public health, due to the increase number of extreme climate events. Hence, the study of the role that climate events play on the distribution of waterborne diseases, like Hepatitis A, could be key for developing new prevention approaches. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between climate factors and Hepatitis A in Spain between 2010 and 2014. METHODS: Weekly Hepatitis A cases between 2010 and 2014 were obtained from the Spanish Epidemiology Surveillance Network...
March 18, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322258/optimum-soil-frost-depth-to-alleviate-climate-change-effects-in-cold-region-agriculture
#10
Yosuke Yanai, Yukiyoshi Iwata, Tomoyoshi Hirota
On-farm soil frost control has been used for the management of volunteer potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.), a serious weed problem caused by climate change, in northern Japan. Deep soil frost penetration is necessary for the effective eradication of unharvested small potato tubers; however, this process can delay soil thaw and increase soil wetting in spring, thereby delaying agricultural activity initiation and increasing nitrous oxide emissions from soil. Conversely, shallow soil frost development helps over-wintering of unharvested potato tubers and nitrate leaching from surface soil owing to the periodic infiltration of snowmelt water...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317266/insect-immunity-varies-idiosyncratically-during-overwintering
#11
Laura V Ferguson, Brent J Sinclair
Overwintering insects face multiple stressors, including pathogen and parasite pressures that shift with seasons. However, we know little of how the insect immune system fluctuates with season, particularly in the overwintering period. To understand how immune activity changes across autumn, winter, and spring, we tracked immune activity of three temperate insects that overwinter as larvae: a weevil (Curculio sp., Coleoptera), gallfly (Eurosta solidaginis, Diptera), and larvae of the lepidopteran Pyrrharctia isabella...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological Genetics and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317109/what-if-plant-functional-types-conceal-species-specific-responses-to-environment-study-on-arctic-shrub-communities
#12
Patrick Saccone, Kristiina Hoikka, Risto Virtanen
Plant functional types (PFT) are increasingly used to outline biome-scale plant-environment relationship and predict global change effects on community structure. However, the potentials and limitations of the PFT approach have to be tested as they can be less sensitive than trait-based or species-level approaches. Here, we compare the responses of deciduous-evergreen shrub PFTs and species to gradual snow-related environmental conditions by also considering effects of aboveground architectural traits and neighboring shrubs...
March 19, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315057/changes-in-precipitating-snow-chemistry-with-seasonality-in-the-remote-laohugou-glacier-basin-western-qilian-mountains
#13
Zhiwen Dong, Dahe Qin, Xiang Qin, Jianyong Cui, Shichang Kang
Trace elements in the atmosphere could provide information about regional atmospheric pollution. This study presented a whole year of precipitation observation data regarding the concentrations of trace metals (e.g., Cr, Ni, Cu, Mn, Cd, Mo, Pb, Sb, Ti, and Zn), and a TEM-EDX (transmission electron microscope-energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer) analysis from June 2014 to September 2015 at a remote alpine glacier basin in Northwest China, the Laohugou (LHG) basin (4200 m a.s.l.), to determine the regional scale of atmospheric conditions and chemical processing in the free troposphere in the region...
March 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303798/configuration-of-a-smectic-a-liquid-crystal-due-to-an-isolated-edge-dislocation
#14
Ben Snow, Iain Stewart
We discuss the static configuration of a smectic A liquid crystal subject to an edge dislocation under the assumption the the director and layer normal fields (<b>n</b> and <b>a</b>, respectively) defining the smectic arrangement are not, in general, equivalent. After constructing the energy density for the smectic, we obtain exact solutions to the equilibrium equations which result from its minimisation at quadratic order in the variables which describe the distortion, and hence a complete description of the smectic configuration across the domain of the sample...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301233/identification-of-type-a-influenza-viruses-from-wild-birds-on-the-delmarva-peninsula-2007-10
#15
Lauren A Preskenis, Brian S Ladman, Jack Gelb
Wild waterfowl and shorebirds in the Delaware-Maryland-Virginia (Delmarva) Peninsula region within the Atlantic Flyway were sampled as part of the Early Detection of Highly Pathogenic H5N1 Avian Influenza (AI) in Wild Migratory Birds program. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and state wildlife agencies submitted 7858 samples for AI virus (AIV) testing by real-time reverse transcription PCR (rRT-PCR) to the University of Delaware Poultry Health System from April 2007 to March 2011. Virus isolation attempts were performed on samples with matrix gene cycle threshold (Ct) values ≤33...
March 2017: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298443/a-four-gene-operon-in-bacillus-cereus-produces-two-rare-spore-decorating-sugars
#16
Zi Li, Thiya Mukherjee, Kyle Bowler, Sholeh Namdari, Zachary Snow, Sarah Prestridge, Alexandra Carlton, Maor Bar-Peled
Bacterial glycan structures on cell surfaces are critical for cell-cell recognition and adhesion and in host-pathogen interactions. Accordingly, unraveling the sugar composition of bacterial cell surfaces can shed light on bacterial growth and pathogenesis. Here, we found that two rare sugars with a 3-C-methyl-6-deoxy-hexose structure were linked to spore glycan in Bacillus cereus ATCC 14579 and ATCC 10876. Moreover, we identified a four-gene operon in B. cereus ATCC 14579 that encodes proteins with the following sequential enzyme activities as determined by mass spectrometry and one- and two-dimensional NMR methods: CTP:glucose-1-phosphate cytidylyltransferase, a CDP-Glc 4,6-dehydratase, an NADH-dependent SAM:C-methyltransferase, and an NADPH-dependent CDP-3-C-methyl-6-deoxy-hexose 4-reductase...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296521/speech-language-pathology-intervention-in-a-youth-justice-setting-benefits-perceived-by-staff-extend-beyond-communication
#17
Pamela C Snow, Kerryn Bagley, Donna White
PURPOSE: Young people in youth justice (YJ) settings face high-risk for unidentified language disorder, however, speech-language pathology (SLP) services are not routinely offered in such settings. The aim of this study was to explore and describe the perceptions and experiences of YJ staff in a custodial centre of the utility of having a speech-language pathologist working with young offenders. METHOD: Following a SLP intervention trial, two staff focus groups were conducted by an independent SLP...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289743/molecular-modeling-and-structural-characterization-of-a-high-glycine-tyrosine-hair-keratin-associated-protein
#18
Rakesh S Singh, Jeremy C Palmer, Paul D A Pudney, Prem K C Paul, Christian Johannessen, Pablo G Debenedetti, Janhavi Raut, Ken Lee, Massimo Noro, David Tiemessen
High glycine-tyrosine (HGT) proteins are an important constituent of the keratin associated proteins (KAPs) present in human hair. The glassy state physics of hair fibres are thought to be largely regulated by KAPs, which exist in an amorphous state and are readily affected by environmental conditions. However, there are no studies characterizing the individual KAPs. In this paper, we present the first step to fill this gap by computational modeling and experimental studies on a HGT protein, KAP8.1. In particular, we have modeled the three-dimensional structure of this 63-residue protein using homology information from an anti-freeze protein in snow flea...
March 14, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283029/legal-immigrants-invasion-of-alien-microbial-communities-during-winter-occurring-desert-dust-storms
#19
Tobias Weil, Carlotta De Filippo, Davide Albanese, Claudio Donati, Massimo Pindo, Lorenzo Pavarini, Federico Carotenuto, Massimiliano Pasqui, Luisa Poto, Jacopo Gabrieli, Carlo Barbante, Birgit Sattler, Duccio Cavalieri, Franco Miglietta
BACKGROUND: A critical aspect regarding the global dispersion of pathogenic microorganisms is associated with atmospheric movement of soil particles. Especially, desert dust storms can transport alien microorganisms over continental scales and can deposit them in sensitive sink habitats. In winter 2014, the largest ever recorded Saharan dust event in Italy was efficiently deposited on the Dolomite Alps and was sealed between dust-free snow. This provided us the unique opportunity to overcome difficulties in separating dust associated from "domestic" microbes and thus, to determine with high precision microorganisms transported exclusively by desert dust...
March 10, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281378/faculty-experience-and-engagement-in-a-longitudinal-integrated-clerkship
#20
Sarah C Snow, Jennifer Gong, Jennifer E Adams
The authors sought to understand rewards and challenges of teaching third-year medical students in the University of Colorado School of Medicine (CUSOM) Denver Health Longitudinal Integrated Clerkship (DH-LIC) compared to teaching in rotation-based clerkships (RBCs). The authors considered implications for the recruitment and retention of faculty in clinical educational programs. Preceptors completed surveys at baseline and year-end. Of eligible faculty, 28 of 40 completed both baseline and year-end surveys...
March 10, 2017: Medical Teacher
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