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Echovirus 11

Coyne G Drummond, Alexa M Bolock, Congrong Ma, Cliff J Luke, Misty Good, Carolyn B Coyne
Enteroviruses are among the most common viral infectious agents of humans and are primarily transmitted by the fecal-oral route. However, the events associated with enterovirus infections of the human gastrointestinal tract remain largely unknown. Here, we used stem cell-derived enteroids from human small intestines to study enterovirus infections of the intestinal epithelium. We found that enteroids were susceptible to infection by diverse enteroviruses, including echovirus 11 (E11), coxsackievirus B (CVB), and enterovirus 71 (EV71), and that contrary to an immortalized intestinal cell line, enteroids induced antiviral and inflammatory signaling pathways in response to infection in a virus-specific manner...
February 14, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
N Shirasaki, T Matsushita, Y Matsui, K Murai, A Aochi
We examined the removal of representative contaminant candidate list (CCL) viruses (coxsackievirus [CV] B5, echovirus type [EV] 11, and hepatitis A virus [HAV] IB), recombinant norovirus virus-like particles (rNV-VLPs), and murine norovirus (MNV) type 1 by coagulation. Water samples were subjected to coagulation with polyaluminum chloride (PACl, basicity 1.5) followed by either settling or settling and filtration. Together with our previously published results, the removal ratio order, as evaluated by a plaque-forming-unit method or an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay after settling, was HAV>EV=rNV-VLPs≥CV=poliovirus type 1=MNV>adenovirus type 40 (range, 0...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Finny S Varghese, Kai Rausalu, Marika Hakanen, Sirle Saul, Beate M Kümmerer, Petri Susi, Andres Merits, Tero Ahola
As new pathogenic viruses continue to emerge, it is paramount to have intervention strategies that target a common denominator in these pathogens. The fusion of viral and cellular membranes during viral entry is one such process that is used by many pathogenic viruses, including chikungunya virus, West Nile virus, and influenza virus. Obatoclax, a small-molecule antagonist of the Bcl-2 family of proteins, was previously determined to have activity against influenza A virus and also Sindbis virus. Here, we report it to be active against alphaviruses, like chikungunya virus (50% effective concentration [EC50] = 0...
March 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Laura Pellegrinelli, Laura Bubba, Valeria Primache, Elena Pariani, Andrea Battistone, Roberto Delogu, Stefano Fiore, Sandro Binda
Although in the last years poliovirus (PV) transmission has been reported at the lowest levels ever recorded, the spread of virus from endemic countries endures; the high levels of immigration flows across the Mediterranean Sea jeopardize Italy for PV reintroduction. The World Health Organization (WHO) strategic plan for global poliomyelitis (polio) eradication indicates the nationwide surveillance of Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) as the gold standard for detecting cases of polio. In addition, the Environmental Surveillance (ES), seeking the presence of PV and Non-Polio Enterovirus (NPEV) in sewage, is recognized as a powerful tool to confirm PV circulation in absence of AFP cases, especially in polio-free countries...
February 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Zexin Tao, Zhongtang Wang, Xiaojuan Lin, Suting Wang, Haiyan Wang, Hiromu Yoshida, Aiqiang Xu, Yanyan Song
This study described the results of environmental enterovirus surveillance conducted in Shandong Province of China in 2013. Altogether 39 sewage samples were collected and 873 enterovirus isolates (including 334 polioviruses) belonging to 22 serotypes were obtained. Echovirus (E) -7, coxsackievirus (CV) -B5, E-11, E-6, and E-3 were the most commonly detected non-polio enterovirus serotypes, and phylogeny of E-7 and CV-B5 was described. The numbers of isolates of different serotypes from sewage supernatant were compared with those from the solids...
2016: Scientific Reports
Hong-Tao Zhou, Yong-Hui Guo, Man-Jun Chen, Yu-Xian Pan, Lin Xue, Bin Wang, Shao-Hua Tao, Nan Yu
BACKGROUND: Enterovirus (EV)-related hand, foot, and mouth disease/herpangina (HFMD/HA) has been prevalent in Guangdong Province, China, since 2010. METHODS: Clinical data for EV-related HFMD/HA inpatients admitted to the Department of Paediatrics of Zhujiang Hospital from 2010 to 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. The corresponding EV serotypes were also determined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction or BLAST analysis of the sequenced partial lengths of the viral protein1/5'-untranslated region...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Antonis Fikatas, Tilemachos G Dimitriou, Zaharoula Kyriakopoulou, Ourania Tsachouridou, Constantina Gartzonika, Stamatina Levidiotou-Stefanou, Grigoris D Amoutzias, Panayotis Markoulatos
Mutations and recombination events have been identified in enteroviruses. Point mutations accumulate with a frequency of 6.3 × 10(-4) per base pair per replication cycle affecting the fitness, the circulation, and the infectivity of enteroviral strains. In the present report, the serological status of the Central and Western Greek population (Larissa and Ioannina, respectively) in the 1-10-year, 11-20-year, 21-30-year, and 31-40-year age groups against six non-polio enterovirus strains, their respective echovirus prototypes, and Sabin 1, 2, and 3 vaccine strains was evaluated, through serum-neutralization assay...
September 2016: Viral Immunology
Christopher W Holmes, Sharon S F Koo, Husam Osman, Steven Wilson, Jacqueline Xerry, Chris I Gallimore, David J Allen, Julian W Tang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Enteroviruses are the most common cause of aseptic or lymphocytic meningitis, particularly in children. With reports of unusually severe neurological disease in some patients infected with enterovirus D68 in North America, and a recent increase in the number of paediatric enterovirus meningitis cases presenting in this UK Midlands population, a retrospective regional surveillance study was performed. STUDY DESIGN: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples received were tested using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for HSV-1/2, VZV, enteroviruses and parechoviruses...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
Jeyanthi Suppiah, T S Saraswathy, K Amry, Apandi Yusof, Zainah Saat
OBJECTIVE: To identify the circulating serotypes of human echovirus in Malaysia from 2002 to 2013. METHODS: A total of 31 retrospective samples from non-polio acute flacid paralysis, hand-food-and-mouth disease, viral meningitis and enterovirus cases were subjected to amplification of partial VP1 gene by RT-PCR. RESULTS: Sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of the partial sequences identified presence of human echovirus and human coxsackie viruses...
March 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Hengyun Guan, Ji Wang, Chunrong Wang, Mengjie Yang, Lanzheng Liu, Guoliang Yang, Xuejun Ma
Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is an infectious disease caused by human enterovirus 71 (EV71), coxsackievirus A16 (CVA16) and other enteroviruses. It is of interest that other enteroviruses associated with HFMD in Jinan have been rarely reported. The aim of the present study is to detect and characterize the circulating serotypes of non-EV71 and non-CVA16 enteroviruses associated with HFMD in Jinan city, Shandong province, China. A total of 400 specimens were collected from clinically diagnosed HFMD cases in Jinan from January 2009 to June 2013...
2015: PloS One
Shinichi Takeshima, Takeshi Yoshimoto, Yuji Shiga, Yuhei Kanaya, Shuichiro Neshige, Takahiro Himeno, Ryuhei Kono, Kazuhiro Takamatsu, Yutaka Shimoe, Masaru Kuriyama
We experienced 13 cases (29.8 ± 7.0 years) of mumps meningitis and 365 cases of adult aseptic meningitis during 11 years from 2004 to 2014. A small epidemic of mumps occurred for 3-4 years, and the incidence rate of adult mumps meningitis coincided with the epidemic without seasonal fluctuation. Parotitis was observed in 8 of the 13 mumps meningitis patients (61.5%) and orchitis in 2 of 7 male patients (28.6%). There were no differences in clinical manifestations, laboratory findings, and outcome between patients with adult mumps meningitis and those with echovirus 9 meningitis (9 patients), except for the low frequency of nausea/vomiting and a high percentage of mononuclear cells of the cerebrospinal fluid in those with mumps...
2015: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Ting Su, Yan Zhou, Yanju Zhu, Zhengling Liu, Fang Yang, Shunqiao Yang, Zexu Yu, Chen Guo, Shaohui Ma
Human echovirus 11 (E-11), a member of the species Enterovirus B, frequently causes aseptic meningitis and hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD). We determined the complete genome sequence of strain 520K/YN/CHN/2010, isolated from a subject with HFMD and aseptic meningitis in Yunnan Province, China, in 2010. The strain shared 78.8% and 81.1% nucleotide sequence similarity with prototype strain Gregory in the complete VP1 gene and the complete genome, respectively. Only the VP2-VP3-VP1 genome region of 520K/YN/CHN/2010 was similar to that of the E-11 strain; the other genome regions were most similar to those of other members of the species Enterovirus B...
September 2015: Archives of Virology
Ya-Qian Hu, Guang-Cheng Xie, Dan-Di Li, Li-Li Pang, Jing Xie, Peng Wang, Ying Chen, Jing Yang, Wei-Xia Cheng, Qing Zhang, Yu Jin, Zhao-Jun Duan
BACKGROUND: Although hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) has been strongly associated with enterovirus 71 (EV71), coxsackievirus A16 (CVA16) and other enteroviruses, studies regarding coxsackievirus A6 (CVA6) infection in HFMD are limited. The aim of this study was to identify the major etiological agents causing HFMD in Nanjing in 2013 and explore the clinical and genetic characteristics of the prevalent enterovirus (EV) types in HFMD. METHODS: A total of 394 throat swabs were collected from hospitalized children diagnosed with HFMD from April to July 2013...
September 2015: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Angela Bernard, Céline Lacroix, Maria G Cabiddu, Johan Neyts, Pieter Leyssen, Raffaello Pompei
BACKGROUND: The Enterovirus genus of the Picornaviridae is represented by several viral pathogens that are associated with human disease, namely Poliovirus 1, Enterovirus 71 and Rhinoviruses. Enterovirus 71 has been associated with encephalitis, while Rhinoviruses are a major cause of asthma exacerbations and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Based on the structure of both pleconaril and pirodavir, we previously synthesized some original compounds as potential inhibitors of Rhinovirus replication...
April 2015: Antiviral Chemistry & Chemotherapy
Diana Rodà, Esther Pérez-Martínez, María Cabrerizo, Gloria Trallero, Aina Martínez-Planas, Carles Luaces, Juan-José García-García, Carmen Muñoz-Almagro, Cristian Launes
UNLABELLED: Enterovirus (EV) infection is common in infants, but the information with regard to the molecular epidemiology and the associations between types and clinical variables is very scarce. This study includes 195 children <3 months old with fever, attended from March 2010 to December 2012 in an emergency department of a tertiary paediatric hospital in whom EV infection was confirmed by real-time PCR in blood and/or cerebrospinal fluid. Clinical and epidemiological data was prospectively collected...
November 2015: European Journal of Pediatrics
Qianjin Chen, Chunyuan Cao, Yanfeng Zhang, Chunrong He, Zhaofu Luo, Yun He, Yihong Liao, Shuixin Wu
This study aimed to analyse the genetically characterize isolates of Echovirus 11 from Longyan City,Fujian Province,and to reveal their genetic relationships with other isolates from China and abroad. Cerebrospinal fluid specimens from patients diagnosed with viral encephalitis or central nervous system (CNS) infections were collected from Longyan First Hospital between January and December 2011. Seven Echo11 strains were isolated and identified using the RIMV serum panel. The entire VP1 coding regions of four strains were sequenced and typed as Echo11 by an online blast program and,subsequently, phylogenet- ic analyses of the VP1 sequences of these stains and others published on GenBank were conducted...
January 2015: Bing du Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Virology
Juying Yan, Ziping Miao, Huakun Lyu, Jiayue Zhou, Liming Gong, Haiyan Mao, Yi Sun, Yanjun Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate pathogens and molecular-epidemiology characteristics of viral meningoencephalitis in the monitoring sites of Zhejiang province, 2013. METHODS: Cerebrospinal fluid and/or stool specimens were collected from suspected patients admitted to the monitoring hospitals in southern and northern Zhejiang province. Such specimen were subject to real-time qPCR for the detection of Human enterovirus (HEV), Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), Mumps virus (MuV), Herpes simplex virus (HSV) and Cytomegalovirus (CMV)...
March 2015: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Heng-Yun Guan, Meng-Jie Yang, Lan-Zheng Liu, Ji Wang, Guo-Liang Yang, Wen Zhang, Xue-Jun Ma, Chun-Rong Wang
We investigated the pathogenic spectrum of enteroviruses associated with hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in Jinan, China. A total of 274 specimens with a clinical diagnosis of HFMD in Jinan from 2009 to June 2012 were used. A GenomeLab™ (GeXP)-based multiplex reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay was employed to simultaneously detect 15 serotypes of human enteroviruses: human enterovirus (EV)71; coxsackievirus A (CVA)16, 4, 5, 6, 9, and 10; CVB1, 3 and 5; echovirus (Echo) 6, 7, 11, 13 and 19...
September 2014: Bing du Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Virology
Wen-Feng Li, Ze-Xin Tao, Jing Yang, Xiao-Juan Lin, Yao Liu, Feng Ji, Hai-Yan Wang, Su-Ting Wang, Li-Zhi Song, Ai-Qiangh Xu
We wished to analyze the genetic characterization of echovirus 11 (Echo11) from samples of environmental sewage in Shandong Province (China). The VP1 coding region was typed as the strains were amplified. Phylogenetic analyses on the VP1 sequences from these isolates, strains isolated from AFP cases in the period 1994-2010 and others published in GenBank were conducted. From 2011 to 2012, 94 Echo11 strains were isolated from samples of environmental sewage in Jinan and Linyi City in Shandong Province. Numbers of Echo11 were seasonal and reached peaks in the summer and autumn in both cities; A- mong these isolates, nucleotide (nt) identities were 89...
September 2014: Bing du Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Virology
Maria S Yarmolskaya, Elena Yu Shumilina, Olga E Ivanova, Jan Felix Drexler, Alexander N Lukashev
Over 100 known enterovirus serotypes differ in their epidemiological and pathogenic properties. Much less is known about variation of these features on a sub-serotype level, such as genotypes. Echovirus 11 (E11) and E30 are amongst the most frequent causative agents of aseptic meningitis. We studied the molecular epidemiology of these pathogens to evaluate potential epidemiological and pathogenic dissimilarities of their genotypes. The complete VP1 genome region was sequenced for 97 E11 and 62 E30 isolates collected in Russia from 2008 to 2012, and they were studied in comparison with all 140 E11 and 432 E30 sequences available in GenBank...
March 2015: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
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