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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814774/molecular-characterization-of-two-novel-echovirus-18-recombinants-associated-with-hand-foot-mouth-disease
#1
Haihao Zhang, Yilin Zhao, Hongbo Liu, Hao Sun, Xiaoqin Huang, Zhaoqing Yang, Shaohui Ma
Human echovirus 18 (E-18) is a member of the enterovirus B species. To date, sixteen full-length genome sequences of E-18 are available in the GenBank database. In this study, we describe the complete genomic characterization of two E-18 strains isolated in Yunnan, China. Pairwise comparisons of the nucleotide sequences and the deduced amino acid sequences revealed that the two Yunnan E-18 strains had 87.5% nucleotide identity and 96.3-96.5% amino acid identity with the Chinese strain. Phylogenetic and bootscanning analyses revealed the two E-18 strains had the highest identity with other several EV-B serotypes than the other E-18 strains in the P3 coding region, especially, 3B region of the Swine Vesicular disease virus (SVDV) strain HK70, indicated that frequent intertypic recombination might have occurred in the two Yunnan strains...
August 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806062/exploring-strategies-for-labeling-viruses-with-gold-nanoclusters-through-non-equilibrium-molecular-dynamics-simulations
#2
Emmi Pohjolainen, Sami Malola, Gerrit Groenhof, Hannu Häkkinen
Bio-compatible gold nanoclusters can be utilized as contrast agents in virus imaging. The labeling of viruses can be achieved non-covalently but site-specifically by linking the cluster to the hydrophobic pocket of a virus via a lipid-like pocket factor. We have estimated the binding affinities of three different pocket factors of echovirus 1 (EV1) in molecular dynamics simulations combined with non-equilibrium free energy calculations. We have also studied the effects on binding affinities with a pocket factor linked to the Au102pMBA44 nanocluster in different protonation states...
August 14, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766163/seroepidemiology-of-echovirus-30-in-korean-children
#3
Joo Young Lee, Yumi Seo, Ui Yoon Choi, Jong-Hyun Kim, Jin Han Kang
BACKGROUND: Although aseptic meningitis associated with echovirus type 30 has emerged as a global public health concern, no data have been reported on children's immune status against echovirus type 30. The current study aimed to investigate the seropositivity among Korean children for antibodies against echovirus 30. METHODS: Two hundred and fifty residual serum samples were collected at St. Paul's Hospital. Individuals were categorized by age into four groups: group 1 (3 months-2 years), group 2 (3-6 years), group 3 (7-10 years) and group 4 (11-15 years)...
August 2, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761901/metagenomic-sequencing-of-an-echovirus-30-genome-from-cerebrospinal-fluid-of-a-patient-with-aseptic-meningitis-and-orchitis
#4
Anne Piantadosi, Shibani S Mukerji, Pooja Chitneni, Tracey A Cho, Lisa A Cosimi, Deborah T Hung, Marcia B Goldberg, Pardis C Sabeti, Daniel R Kuritzkes, Yonatan H Grad
Enteroviruses cause a wide spectrum of clinical disease. In this study, we describe the case of a young man with orchitis and aseptic meningitis who was diagnosed with enterovirus infection. Using unbiased "metagenomic" massively parallel sequencing, we assembled a near-complete viral genome, the first use of this method for full-genome viral sequencing from cerebrospinal fluid. We found that the genome belonged to the subgroup echovirus 30, which is a common cause of aseptic meningitis but has not been previously reported to cause orchitis...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754141/short-stature-an-ordinary-sign-for-an-unordinary-diagnosis
#5
Paolo Cavarzere, Valentina Bortolotti, Michela Capogna, Margherita Guarnieri, Francesca Lucca, Rossella Gaudino, Stefano Marzini, Claudia Banzato, Franco Antoniazzi
BACKGROUND: Short stature (SS) is a relatively early sign of poor health. Only in 5% of cases we can explain it through the presence of endocrinological pathologies. Therefore, if SS is present since the first months of life, it is necessary to investigate all systemic disorders with secondary effects on growth. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 16-months-old male infant with severe SS apparently not associated with other clinical signs or symptoms. The patient arrived to our attention after he was hospitalized for an Echovirus enteritis, associated to moderate neutropenia (800/mm(3)) and hypertransaminasemia (AST 116 U/L, ALT 88 U/L) at the age of 13 months...
July 28, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750646/metabolomics-of-rhabdomyosarcoma-cell-during-echovirus-30-infection
#6
Sarika Tiwari, Tapan N Dhole
BACKGROUND: Echovirus 30 (E30) causes acute aseptic meningitis. Viral replication requires energy and macromolecular precursors derived from the metabolic network of the host cell. The effect of viral infection within a host cell metabolic activity remains unclear. METHODS: To gain an insight into cell-virus interaction during E30 infection we used a human rhabdomyosarcoma cell line. In a new approach to metabolomics, (1H) NMR was used to measure the level of various cellular metabolites at different times of infection and morphological examination of the cells...
July 27, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743260/molecular-evolution-of-two-asymptomatic-echovirus-6-strains-that-constitute-a-novel-branch-of-recently-epidemic-echovirus-6-in-china
#7
Hao Sun, Xiaoqin Huang, Keqin Lin, Kai Huang, Jiayou Chu, Zhaoqing Yang, Shaohui Ma
BACKGROUND: Echovirus 6 (E6) infections are associated with aseptic meningitis and acute flaccid paralysis (AFP). But some infections, sometimes most of them, are asymptomatic. The mechanism of E6 virulence is unknown. Analyses of the molecular evolution of asymptomatic E6 may help understand why the infections show different manifestations. METHODS: Ninety-six stool samples of healthy children in Yunnan, China were collected and two E6 strains were isolated from them...
July 25, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656176/a-three-dimensional-cell-culture-system-to-model-rna-virus-infections-at-the-blood-brain-barrier
#8
John C Bramley, Coyne G Drummond, Nicholas J Lennemann, Charles A Good, Kwang Sik Kim, Carolyn B Coyne
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) comprises the foremost protective barrier in the brain and is composed in part of a layer of microvascular endothelial cells that line the capillaries surrounding the brain. Here, we describe a human three-dimensional (3-D) cell-based model of the BBB microvascular endothelium that recapitulates properties of these cells in vivo, including physiologically relevant transcriptional profiles, the capacity to induce potent antimicrobial innate immune signaling, and the ability to resist infection by diverse RNA viruses, including members of the enterovirus (coxsackievirus B, echovirus 11, enterovirus 71, poliovirus) and flavivirus (dengue virus, Zika virus [ZIKV]) families...
May 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634356/an-outbreak-of-echovirus-18-encephalitis-meningitis-in-children-in-hebei-province-china-2015
#9
Xiangpeng Chen, Jingjie Li, Jiayun Guo, Wenbo Xu, Suzhen Sun, Zhengde Xie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631392/detection-of-negative-and-positive-rna-strand-of-poliovirus-sabin-1-and-echovirus-e19-by-a-stem-loop-reverse-transcription-pcr
#10
A Fikatas, T G Dimitriou, Z Kyriakopoulou, G D Moschonas, G D Amoutzias, D Mossialos, C Gartzonika, S Levidiotou-Stefanou, P Markoulatos
In this report a strand specific RT-PCR was established for the detection of the replicative negative RNA strand of poliovirus sabin 1 (Sabin1) and Echovirus 19 (E19) strains. The key for the successful conduction of the assay was the use of a specific reverse transcription primer targeting the 5'-UTR of enteroviruses that consisted of a stem-loop structure at the 5'-end and an enteroviral-specific sequence at the 3'-end. The stem loop RT-PCR was found to be an accurate and sensitive method, detecting even 10(-2) CCID50 of poliovirus sabin 1 (Sabin1) and E19 strains 6 h postinfection (p...
June 20, 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630462/identification-and-molecular-characterization-of-non-polio-enteroviruses-from-children-with-acute-flaccid-paralysis-in-west-africa-2013-2014
#11
Maria D Fernandez-Garcia, Ousmane Kebe, Aichatou D Fall, Kader Ndiaye
Besides polioviruses, non-polio enteroviruses (NPEVs) may also be associated with acute flaccid paralysis (AFP). Because poliomyelitis is on the verge of eradication, more attention should be paid to study NPEVs from non-polio AFP cases and their epidemic patterns. In West African countries the epidemiology of NPEVs remains largely unexplored. We investigated the genetic diversity, frequency, circulation patterns, and molecular epidemiology of NPEVs in seven West African countries by analyzing retrospectively a panel of 3195 stool samples from children with AFP collected through routine poliomyelitis surveillance activities between 2013 and 2014...
June 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611383/integrin-%C3%AE-2%C3%AE-1-in-nonactivated-conformation-can-induce-focal-adhesion-kinase-signaling
#12
Maria Salmela, Johanna Jokinen, Silja Tiitta, Pekka Rappu, R Holland Cheng, Jyrki Heino
Conformational activation of integrins is generally required for ligand binding and cellular signalling. However, we have previously reported that the nonactivated conformation of α2β1 integrin can also bind to large ligands, such as human echovirus 1. In this study, we show that the interaction between the nonactivated integrin and a ligand resulted in the activation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) in a protein kinase C dependent manner. A loss-of-function mutation, α2E336A, in the α2-integrin did not prevent the activation of FAK, nor did EDTA-mediated inactivation of the integrin...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596404/complete-genome-sequence-of-human-echovirus-20-strain-812-yn-chn-2010-associated-with-severe-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease
#13
Yilin Zhao, Haihao Zhang, Hongbo Liu, Hao Sun, Xiaoqin Huang, Zhaoqing Yang, Shaohui Ma
Human echovirus 20 (E-20) belongs to the Human enterovirus B (HEV-B) species and is often detected in nonpolio enterovirus cases of acute flaccid paralysis. We determined the complete genome of strain 812/YN/CHN/2010, isolated from a child with severe hand-foot-and-mouth disease in Yunnan, China, in 2010.
June 8, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574589/enterovirus-genotypes-among-patients-with-severe-acute-respiratory-illness-influenza-like-illness-and-asymptomatic-individuals-in-south-africa-2012-2014
#14
Orienka Hellferscee, Stefano Tempia, Sibongile Walaza, Ebrahim Variava, Halima Dawood, Nicole Wolter, Shabir A Madhi, Mignon du Plessis, Cheryl Cohen, Florette K Treurnicht
Enteroviruses can cause outbreaks of severe acute respiratory illness (SARI) and EV-A, -B, -C, and -D species have different pathogenic profiles and circulation patterns. We aimed to characterize and determine the prevalence of enterovirus genotypes among South African patients with respiratory illness and controls during June 2012 to July 2014. Syndromic SARI and influenza-like illness (ILI) surveillance was performed at two sentinel sites. At each site nasopharyngeal/oropharyngeal specimens were collected from SARI and ILI patients as well as controls...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427827/antiviral-screen-identifies-ev71-inhibitors-and-reveals-camptothecin-target-dna-topoisomerase-1-as-a-novel-ev71-host-factor
#15
Kan Xing Wu, Justin Jang-Hann Chu
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is one of the causative agents of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) associated with severe neurological disease. EV71's pathogenesis remains poorly understood and the lack of approved antiviral has led to its emergence as a clinically important neurotropic virus. The goals of this study were to: (i) identify novel anti-EV71 compounds that may serve as lead molecules for therapeutics; and (ii) investigate their targets in downstream studies. We screened a 502-compound library of highly purified natural products for anti-EV71 activities in a cell-based immunofluorescence assay that were then confirmed in viral plaque reduction assays...
April 17, 2017: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409290/comparison-of-clinical-and-laboratory-characteristics-during-two-major-paediatric-meningitis-outbreaks-of-echovirus-30-and-other-non-polio-enteroviruses-in-germany-in-2008-and-2013
#16
H Rudolph, R Prieto Dernbach, M Walka, P Rey-Hinterkopf, V Melichar, E Muschiol, S Schweitzer-Krantz, J W Richter, C Weiss, S Böttcher, S Diedrich, H Schroten, T Tenenbaum
Viral meningitis is mainly caused by non-polio enteroviruses (NPEV). Large-scale data on the clinical characteristics between different outbreaks within the same region are lacking. This study aimed to analyse a possible influence of the circulating NPEV genotype on the disease outcome of affected children. A retrospective cohort study analysing two major outbreaks of NPEV meningitis in Germany in 2008 and 2013 was conducted in cooperation with the National Reference Centre for Poliomyelitis and Enteroviruses (NRC PE) and five German children's hospitals...
April 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397477/real-time-pcr-detection-of-the-most-common-bacteria-and-viruses-causing-meningitis
#17
Oya Akkaya, Hulya Iren Guvenc, Serife Yuksekkaya, Aysegul Opus, Asuman Guzelant, Meral Kaya, Muhammet Guzel Kurtoglu, Nurettin Kaya
BACKGROUND: Central nervous system (CNS) infections require prompt diagnosis, as the clinical condition progresses rapidly and may lead to severe permanent sequelae or death. The causative agents include viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites. In this study, samples with the diagnosis of CNS infection based on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) sent to us from other hospitals/labs, were studied by multiplex real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) method. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate, retrospectively, the most common bacteria and viruses causing meningitis and seasonal distribution of these agents using the multiplex real-time PCR method in CSF samples...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225788/molecular-detection-and-genotyping-of-enteroviruses-from-csf-samples-of-patients-with-suspected-sepsis-like-illness-and-or-aseptic-meningitis-from-2012-to-2015-in-west-bank-palestine
#18
Kamal Dumaidi, Amer Al-Jawabreh
BACKGROUND: Human enteroviruses (HEVs) are the most frequently reported cause of aseptic meningitis with or without CSF pleocytosis in childhood. Rapid detection and genotype of HEVs is essential to determine the causative agent and variant causing sepsis-like illness and/or aseptic meningitis. AIM: To investigate the molecular epidemiology of enteroviruses (EVs) among patients with sepsis-like illness and/or aseptic meningitis admitted to three major hospitals in West Bank, Palestine from 2012 to 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224120/oncolytic-virotherapy-including-rigvir-and-standard-therapies-in-malignant-melanoma
#19
REVIEW
Hani M Babiker, Irbaz Bin Riaz, Muhammad Husnain, Mitesh J Borad
The treatment of metastatic melanoma has evolved from an era where interferon and chemotherapy were the mainstay of treatments to an era where immunotherapy has become the frontline. Ipilimumab (IgG1 CTLA-4 inhibitor), nivolumab (IgG4 PD-1 inhibitor), pembrolizumab (IgG4 PD-1 inhibitor) and nivolumab combined with ipilimumab have become first-line therapies in patients with metastatic melanoma. In addition, the high prevalence of BRAF mutations in melanoma has led to the discovery and approval of targeted molecules, such as vemurafenib (BRAF kinase inhibitor) and trametinib (MEK inhibitor), as they yielded improved responses and survival in malignant melanoma patients...
2017: Oncolytic Virotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214758/comparative-analysis-of-viral-shedding-in-pediatric-and-adult-subjects-with-central-nervous-system-associated-enterovirus-infections-from-2013-to-2015-in-switzerland
#20
S Cordey, M Schibler, A G L'Huillier, N Wagner, A R Gonçalves, J Ambrosioni, S Asner, L Turin, K M Posfay-Barbe, L Kaiser
BACKGROUND: Several enterovirus (EV) genotypes can result in aseptic meningitis, but their routes of access to the central nervous system remain to be elucidated and may differ between the pediatric and adult populations. OBJECTIVE: To assess the pattern of viral shedding in pediatric and adult subjects with acute EV meningitis and to generate EV surveillance data for Switzerland. STUDY DESIGN: All pediatric and adult subjects admitted to the University Hospitals of Geneva with a diagnosis of EV meningitis between 2013 and 2015 were enrolled...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
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