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Mental health outcomes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914017/mothers-fathers-and-parental-systems-a-conceptual-model-of-parental-engagement-in-programmes-for-child-mental-health-connect-attend-participate-enact-cape
#1
Patrycja J Piotrowska, L A Tully, R Lenroot, E Kimonis, D Hawes, C Moul, P J Frick, V Anderson, M R Dadds
Parenting programmes are one of the best researched and most effective interventions for reducing child mental health problems. The success of such programmes, however, is largely dependent on their reach and parental engagement. Rates of parental enrolment and attendance are highly variable, and in many cases very low; this is especially true of father involvement in parenting programmes. This paper proposes a conceptual model of parental engagement in parenting programmes-the CAPE model (Connect, Attend, Participate, Enact) that builds on recent models by elaborating on the interdependent stages of engagement, and its interparental or systemic context...
December 2, 2016: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913559/physical-activity-as-intervention-for-age-related-loss-of-muscle-mass-and-function-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-the-lisa-study
#2
Christian Skou Eriksen, Ellen Garde, Nina Linde Reislev, Cathrine Lawaetz Wimmelmann, Theresa Bieler, Andreas Kraag Ziegler, Anne Theil Gylling, Kasper Juel Dideriksen, Hartwig Roman Siebner, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Michael Kjaer
INTRODUCTION: Physical and cognitive function decline with age, accelerating during the 6th decade. Loss of muscle power (force×velocity product) is a dominant physical determinant for loss of functional ability, especially if the lower extremities are affected. Muscle strength training is known to maintain or even improve muscle power as well as physical function in older adults, but the optimal type of training for beneficial long-term training effects over several years is unknown...
December 2, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913160/psychological-well-being-and-mental-health-recovery-in-the-nimh-raise-early-treatment-program
#3
Julia Browne, David L Penn, Piper S Meyer-Kalos, Kim T Mueser, Sue E Estroff, Mary F Brunette, Christoph U Correll, James Robinson, Robert A Rosenheck, Nina Schooler, Delbert G Robinson, Jean Addington, Patricia Marcy, John M Kane
Recovery-oriented practices that promote client-centered care, collaboration, and functional outcome have been recommended to improve treatment engagement, especially for individuals with serious mental illness (SMI). Psychological well-being (PWB) is related to recovery and refers to experiencing purpose and meaning in life through realizing one's potential. The recently completed Recovery After an Initial Schizophrenia Episode Early Treatment Program (RAISE ETP) study sought to improve quality of life, functional outcome, and well-being in individuals with first episode psychosis (FEP)...
November 29, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912947/exploratory-outcome-assessment-of-qigong-tai-chi-easy-on-breast-cancer-survivors
#4
Linda K Larkey, Denise J Roe, Lisa Smith, Denise Millstine
OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer survivors (BCSs) experience symptoms affecting overall quality of life (QOL), often for a prolonged period post-treatment. Meditative Movement (MM), including Qigong and Tai Chi Easy (QG/TCE), has demonstrated benefit for improving QOL issues such as fatigue and sleep, but there is limited evidence of its impact on cognitive function, overall physical activity, and body weight for BCSs. DESIGN: This double-blind, randomized controlled pilot study with 87 female BCSs explored effects of QG/TCE on mental and physical QOL (Medical Outcomes Survey, Short Form), cognitive function (Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Cognitive Function and two cognitive performance tests from the WAIS III), overall levels of physical activity (PA)(Brief Physical Activity Questionnaire) and body mass index (BMI)...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911141/mindfulness-based-intervention-for-perinatal-grief-in-rural-india-improved-mental-health-at-12%C3%A2-months-follow-up
#5
Lisa R Roberts, Susanne B Montgomery
Stillbirth is a significant global health problem that frequently results in perinatal grief with compound negative psychosocial impact. In low-resource settings with exceedingly high stillbirth rates, such as rural Chhattisgarh, India, it is vital to utilize low-cost, effective interventions. Mindfulness-based stress reduction is an evidence-based intervention utilized for a broad range of physical and mental health problems, and is adaptable to specific populations. The objective of this study was to explore the sustained effectiveness of a shortened, culturally adapted mindfulness-based intervention (MBI) designed to address complex grief after stillbirth...
December 2, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911002/what-is-quality-of-life-and-how-do-we-measure-it-relevance-to-parkinson-s-disease-and-movement-disorders
#6
REVIEW
Pablo Martinez-Martin
Health-related quality of life is a patient-reported outcome that complements clinical evaluation and provides information about disease activity and effects of the treatment. The objective of this review is to present the conceptual framework, the measures, and some of their most relevant applications in the field of Parkinson's disease and movement disorders. Health-related quality of life is a subjective, individual, and multidimensional construct, and its main dimensions are physical, mental, and social, besides global perceptions of health and personal domains...
December 2, 2016: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909645/personality-targeted-interventions-for-substance-use-and-misuse
#7
REVIEW
Patricia J Conrod
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Personality factors have been implicated in risk for substance use disorders through longitudinal and neurobiologic studies for over four decades. Only recently, however, have targeted interventions been developed to assist individuals with personality risk factors for substance use disorders manage their risk. This article reviews current practices in personality-targeted interventions and the eight randomised trials examining the efficacy of such approaches with respect to reducing and preventing substance use and misuse...
2016: Current Addiction Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909162/mental-health-stigma-impact-on-mental-health-treatment-attitudes-and-physical-health
#8
Amy E Sickel, Jason D Seacat, Nina A Nabors
The purpose of this study was to test two models of the impact of mental health stigma on both attitudes toward seeking psychological help and physical health. General self-efficacy, self-esteem, and anxiety were tested as potential mediators of these two relationships. A sample of adults (N = 423) aged 18-72 years was surveyed using the participant pool of a large, distance learning university. Structural equation modeling results indicated that mental health stigma directly and indirectly influenced treatment attitudes and physical health...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908905/mortality-hospitalization-and-quality-of-life-among-patients-with-hepatitis-c-infection-on-hemodialysis
#9
David A Goodkin, Brian Bieber, Michel Jadoul, Paul Martin, Eiichiro Kanda, Ronald L Pisoni
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is widely prevalent among patients on hemodialysis (HD), but very rarely treated. The aim of our study is to evaluate the burdens of HCV suffered by patients on HD. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: The Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study is an international, prospective, cohort study of patients on HD. We reviewed the HCV status of 76,689 adults enrolled between 1996 and 2015. We compared HCV-positive (HCV+) with HCV-negative (HCV-) patients for risk of mortality, hospitalization, decline in hemoglobin concentration <8...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908900/democratic-therapeutic-community-treatment-for-personality-disorder-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Steve Pearce, Lisle Scott, Gillian Attwood, Kate Saunders, Madeleine Dean, Ritz De Ridder, David Galea, Haroula Konstantinidou, Mike Crawford
BACKGROUND: Democratic therapeutic community (DTC) treatment has been used for many years in an effort to help people with personality disorder. High-quality evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) is absent. AIMS: To test whether DTC treatment reduces use of in-patient services and improves the mental health of people with personality disorder. METHOD: An RCT of 70 people meeting DSM-IV criteria for personality disorder (trial registration: ISRCTN57363317)...
December 1, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908546/effects-of-branched-chain-amino-acid-supplementation-after-radiofrequency-ablation-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-randomized-trial
#11
Shunsuke Nojiri, Kei Fujiwara, Noboru Shinkai, Etsuko Iio, Takashi Joh
OBJECTIVE: Maintenance of liver function is important for better outcomes after radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of this study was to examine the effects of oral branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) supplementation on liver function, intrahepatic recurrence rate, and incidence of complications after RFA for HCC. METHODS: Patients with cirrhosis who underwent RFA were enrolled between August 2009 and April 2012, randomized to oral supplementation with Aminoleban EN (BCAA group) or diet alone (control group), and followed to determine changes in serum parameters and health status...
January 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908294/outcomes-of-notifications-to-health-practitioner-boards-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Matthew J Spittal, David M Studdert, Ron Paterson, Marie M Bismark
BACKGROUND: Medical boards and other practitioner boards aim to protect the public from unsafe practice. Previous research has examined disciplinary actions against doctors, but other professions (e.g., nurses and midwives, dentists, psychologists, pharmacists) remain understudied. We sought to describe the outcomes of notifications of concern regarding the health, performance, and conduct of health practitioners from ten professions in Australia and to identify factors associated with the imposition of restrictive actions...
December 2, 2016: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908287/is-mid-life-social-participation-associated-with-cognitive-function-at-age-50-results-from-the-british-national-child-development-study-ncds
#13
Ann Bowling, Jitka Pikhartova, Brian Dodgeon
BACKGROUND: Some studies have indicated that social engagement is associated with better cognitive outcomes. This study aimed to investigate associations between life-course social engagement (civic participation) and cognitive status at age 50, adjusting for social networks and support, behavioural, health, social and socio-economic characteristics. METHODS: The vehicle for the study was the National Child Development Study (1958 Birth Cohort Study), which is a general population sample in England, Scotland and Wales (9119: 4497 men and 4622 women) participating in nationally representative, prospective birth cohort surveys...
December 2, 2016: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907825/seeing-light-at-the-end-of-the-tunnel-positive-prospective-mental-imagery-and-optimism-in-depression
#14
Julie L Ji, Emily A Holmes, Simon E Blackwell
Optimism is associated with positive outcomes across many health domains, from cardiovascular disease to depression. However, we know little about cognitive processes underlying optimism in psychopathology. The present study tested whether the ability to vividly imagine positive events in one's future was associated with dispositional optimism in a sample of depressed adults. Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses were conducted, using baseline (all participants, N=150) and follow-up data (participants in the control condition only, N=63) from a clinical trial (Blackwell et al...
November 21, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906742/is-preexisting-cervical-disk-degeneration-a-prognostic-factor-in-whiplash-associated-disorders
#15
Nam-Su Chung, Chang-Hoon Jeon, Yu-Sang Lee, Jang-Ho Park, Han-Dong Lee
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective control study. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine whether preexisting cervical disk degeneration is a prognostic factor in Whiplash-associated disorder (WAD). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: WAD is a common injury of traffic accident and has a broad range of prognoses. Although numerous studies have investigated prognostic factors in WAD, few have evaluated the effect of preexisting disk degeneration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study involved 45 consecutive patients with grade I or II WAD having advanced disk degeneration (at least 1 disk of Miyazaki grade≥III on magnetic resonance imaging) and a control cohort of 52 patients with no or mild disk degeneration (all disks having Miyazaki grades≤II)...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906739/posterior-vertebral-column-resection-with-intraoperative-manual-retraction-for-the-treatment-of-posttubercular-kyphosis-in-upper-thoracic-spine-or-cervicothoracic-junction
#16
Yuqiao Chen, Guohua Lü, Bing Wang, Lei Li, Lei Kuang
STUDY DESIGN: This is a case-series. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical and radiologic outcomes of posterior vertebral column resection (PVCR) for treatment of posttubercular kyphosis in upper thoracic spine and cervicothoracic junction (CTJ). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Surgical management of severe posttubercular kyphosis in upper thoracic spine or CTJ is challenging. A new technique that combines PVCR and intraoperative manual traction in a single procedure, was developed to maximize the correction rate and minimize the risk of dural buckling and spinal cord injury...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906411/mental-health-emergencies-in-paediatric-services-characteristics-diagnostic-stability-and-gender-differences
#17
Montserrat Porter, Rebeca Gracia, Joan-Carles Oliva, Montserrat Pàmias, Gemma Garcia-Parés, Jesús Cobo
INTRODUCTION: Child and adolescent psychiatric emergencies have increased in recent years. The main objective of our study is to analyze sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of psychiatric emergencies under 18 years old that came to our hospital. Secondary objectives were to study diagnostic stability made in the emergency department and undertake a gender analysis. METHODS: Descriptive cross-sectional study of patients attending the pediatric emergency department who required consultation to psychiatry service during 2010 and 2011, comparing data with two previous cross-sectional cuts (2002-2003 and 2006-2007)...
November 2016: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905909/development-of-a-measure-of-model-fidelity-for-mental-health-crisis-resolution-teams
#18
Brynmor Lloyd-Evans, Gary R Bond, Torleif Ruud, Ada Ivanecka, Richard Gray, David Osborn, Fiona Nolan, Claire Henderson, Oliver Mason, Nicky Goater, Kathleen Kelly, Gareth Ambler, Nicola Morant, Steve Onyett, Danielle Lamb, Sarah Fahmy, Ellie Brown, Beth Paterson, Angela Sweeney, David Hindle, Kate Fullarton, Johanna Frerichs, Sonia Johnson
BACKGROUND: Crisis Resolution Teams (CRTs) provide short-term intensive home treatment to people experiencing mental health crisis. Trial evidence suggests CRTs can be effective at reducing hospital admissions and increasing satisfaction with acute care. When scaled up to national level however, CRT implementation and outcomes have been variable. We aimed to develop and test a fidelity scale to assess adherence to a model of best practice for CRTs, based on best available evidence. METHODS: A concept mapping process was used to develop a CRT fidelity scale...
December 1, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904985/effectiveness-of-an-intervention-to-enhance-occupational-physicians-guideline-adherence-on-sickness-absence-duration-in-workers-with-common-mental-disorders-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Karlijn M van Beurden, Evelien P M Brouwers, Margot C W Joosen, Michiel R de Boer, Jaap van Weeghel, Berend Terluin, Jac J L van der Klink
Purpose Evidence-based guidelines in occupational health care improve the quality of care and may reduce sickness absence duration. Notwithstanding that, guideline adherence of occupational physicians (OPs) is limited. Based on the literature on guideline implementation, an intervention was developed that was shown to effectively improve self-reported adherence in OPs. The aim of present study was to evaluate whether this intervention leads to earlier return to work (RTW) in workers with common mental disorders (CMD)...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903929/a-comparison-of-outcomes-of-particulated-juvenile-articular-cartilage-and-bone-marrow-aspirate-concentrate-for-articular-cartilage-lesions-of-the-talus
#20
Nathan S Lanham, John J Carroll, Minton T Cooper, Venkat Perumal, Joseph S Park
Background Articular cartilage lesions of the talus remain a challenging clinical problem because of the lack of natural regeneration and limited treatment options. Microfracture is often the first-line therapy, however lesions larger than 1.5 cm(2) have been shown to not do as well with this treatment method. Methods The objective of this retrospective study was to evaluate the outcomes of iliac crest bone marrow aspirate concentrate/collagen scaffold (ICBMA) and particulated juvenile articular cartilage (PJAC) for larger articular cartilage lesions of the talus...
November 30, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
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