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Mental health outcomes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352529/measuring-and-improving-the-quality-of-mental-health-care-a-global-perspective
#1
Amy M Kilbourne, Kathryn Beck, Brigitta Spaeth-Rublee, Parashar Ramanuj, Robert W O'Brien, Naomi Tomoyasu, Harold Alan Pincus
Mental disorders are common worldwide, yet the quality of care for these disorders has not increased to the same extent as that for physical conditions. In this paper, we present a framework for promoting quality measurement as a tool for improving quality of mental health care. We identify key barriers to this effort, including lack of standardized information technology-based data sources, limited scientific evidence for mental health quality measures, lack of provider training and support, and cultural barriers to integrating mental health care within general health environments...
February 2018: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352401/does-giving-parents-their-choice-of-interventions-for-child-behavior-problems-improve-child-outcomes
#2
Abigail H Gewirtz, Susanne S Lee, Gerald J August, Yaliu He
Empowering consumers to be active decision-makers in their own care is a core tenet of personalized, or precision medicine. Nonetheless, there is a dearth of research on intervention preferences in families seeking interventions for a child with behavior problems. Specifically, the evidence is inconclusive as to whether providing parents with choice of intervention improves child/youth outcomes (i.e., reduces externalizing problems). In this study, 129 families presenting to community mental health clinics for child conduct problems were enrolled in a doubly randomized preference study and initially randomized to choice or no-choice conditions...
January 20, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352209/evaluating-street-view-exposure-measures-of-visible-green-space-for-health-research
#3
Andrew Larkin, Perry Hystad
Urban green space, or natural environments, are associated with multiple physical and mental health outcomes. Several proposed pathways of action for these benefits (e.g., stress reduction and attention restoration) require visual perception of green space; however, existing green space exposure measures commonly used in epidemiological studies do not capture street-scale exposures. We downloaded 254 Google Street View (GSV) panorama images from Portland, Oregon and calculated percent of green in each image, called Green View Index (GVI)...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351895/a-tailored-web-based-intervention-to-improve-parenting-risk-and-protective-factors-for-adolescent-depression-and-anxiety-problems-postintervention-findings-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Marie Bee Hui Yap, Shireen Mahtani, Ronald M Rapee, Claire Nicolas, Katherine A Lawrence, Andrew Mackinnon, Anthony F Jorm
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety disorders in young people are a global health concern. Parents have an important role in reducing the risk of these disorders, but cost-effective, evidence-based interventions for parents that can be widely disseminated are lacking. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the postintervention effects of the Partners in Parenting (PiP) program on parenting risk and protective factors for adolescent depression and anxiety, and on adolescent depression and anxiety symptoms...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351781/mindmap-establishing-an-integrated-database-infrastructure-for-research-in-ageing-mental-well-being-and-the-urban-environment
#5
Mariëlle A Beenackers, Dany Doiron, Isabel Fortier, J Mark Noordzij, Erica Reinhard, Emilie Courtin, Martin Bobak, Basile Chaix, Giuseppe Costa, Ulrike Dapp, Ana V Diez Roux, Martijn Huisman, Emily M Grundy, Steinar Krokstad, Pekka Martikainen, Parminder Raina, Mauricio Avendano, Frank J van Lenthe
BACKGROUND: Urbanization and ageing have important implications for public mental health and well-being. Cities pose major challenges for older citizens, but also offer opportunities to develop, test, and implement policies, services, infrastructure, and interventions that promote mental well-being. The MINDMAP project aims to identify the opportunities and challenges posed by urban environmental characteristics for the promotion and management of mental well-being and cognitive function of older individuals...
January 19, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351310/healthy-ageing-at-work-efficacy-of-group-interventions-on-the-mental-health-of-nurses-aged-45-and-older-results-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Imad Maatouk, Andreas Müller, Peter Angerer, Renate Schmook, Christoph Nikendei, Kirsten Herbst, Melanie Gantner, Wolfgang Herzog, Harald Gündel
OBJECTIVE: This multicentre, randomised controlled trial (RCT) aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a small-group intervention promoting successful ageing at work in older nurses (aged ≥45). METHOD: A sample of 115 nurses aged ≥45 from 4 trial sites in Germany were randomly assigned to either the intervention group (IG), that received a small-group intervention of seven weekly sessions of 120 min with a booster session after six weeks or to a wait-list control condition (WLC)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351116/treatment-of-postpartum-depression-recommendations-for-the-clinician
#7
Michael W O'Hara, Jane Engeldinger
Postpartum depression is a significant public health problem affecting almost 600,000 US women every year. It may arise de novo in the postpartum period or continue from pregnancy. A number of evidence-based psychotherapies and medical treatments exist for major depression and postpartum depression. The obstetrical team has many opportunities to identify high risk and depressed women and refer them to mental health professionals or begin treatment with antidepressant medication. Careful assessment of risk factors for postpartum depression during pregnancy and monitoring depressive symptoms during pregnancy and the postpartum period will lead to better outcomes for women and their families...
January 18, 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350997/realizing-the-mass-public-benefit-of-evidence-based-psychological-therapies-the-iapt-program
#8
David M Clark
Empirically supported psychological therapies have been developed for many mental health conditions. However, in most countries only a small proportion of the public benefit from these advances. The English Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) program aims to bridge the gap between research and practice by training over 10,500 new psychological therapists in empirically supported treatments and deploying them in new services for the treatment of depression and anxiety disorders. Currently IAPT treats over 560,000 patients per year, obtains clinical outcome data on 98...
January 19, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350573/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-screening-for-adverse-childhood-experiences-in-prenatal-care
#9
Tracy Flanagan, Amy Alabaster, Brigid McCaw, Nicole Stoller, Carey Watson, Kelly C Young-Wolff
INTRODUCTION: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are common among pregnant women and contribute to increased risk for negative perinatal outcomes, yet few clinicians screen prenatal patients for ACEs. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of screening for ACEs in standard prenatal care. METHODS: We evaluated a 4-month pilot (March 2016-June 2016) to screen pregnant women (at ∼14-23 weeks of gestation) for ACEs and resiliency in two Kaiser Permanente Northern California medical centers (N = 480)...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349844/exploration-of-joint-working-practices-on-anti-social-behaviour-between-criminal-justice-mental-health-and-social-care-agencies-a-qualitative-study
#10
Anne Krayer, Catherine A Robinson, Rob Poole
Although the police play an important role for people with mental health problems in the community, little is known about joint working practices between mental health, social care and police services. There is potential for tensions and negative outcomes for people with mental health problems, in particular when the focus is on behaviours that could be interpreted as anti-social. This study explores perceptions about joint working between mental health, social care and police services with regard to anti-social behaviour...
January 18, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349285/a-smart-phone-intervention-to-address-mental-health-stigma-in-the-construction-industry-a-two-arm-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
A Milner, P C F Law, C Mann, T Cooper, K Witt, A D LaMontagne
Background: High levels of self-stigma are associated with a range of adverse mental health, treatment, and functional outcomes. This prospective study examined the effects of an electronic mental health stigma reduction intervention on self-stigma (self-blame, shame, and help-seeking inhibition) among male construction workers in Australia. Method: Male construction workers (N = 682) were randomly assigned to receive either the intervention condition or the wait list control over a six-week period...
April 2018: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349239/the-household-food-insecurity-gradient-and-potential-reductions-in-adverse-population-mental-health-outcomes-in-canadian-adults
#12
Geneviève Jessiman-Perreault, Lynn McIntyre
Purpose: Household food insecurity is related to poor mental health. This study examines whether the level of household food insecurity is associated with a gradient in the risk of reporting six adverse mental health outcomes. This study further quantifies the mental health impact if severe food insecurity, the extreme of the risk continuum, were eliminated in Canada. Methods: Using a pooled sample of the Canadian Community Health Survey (N = 302,683), we examined the relationship between level of food insecurity, in adults 18-64 years, and reporting six adverse mental health outcomes...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349226/seeking-relief-bankruptcy-and-health-outcomes-of-adult-women
#13
Fenaba R Addo
This study examined the impact of declaring consumer bankruptcy on the physical and mental health of adult women and if outcomes differed depending on whether the filer received automatic debt discharge under Chapter 7 compared to a debt repayment plan with Chapter 13. Sample data consisted of women from the NLSY79 cohort who completed the age 40 and 50 health modules as of the most recent wave. Results indicated a negative effect of bankruptcy on self-assessed health, whereas prior health history explained its negative relationship with depressive symptoms...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349221/women-at-war-the-crucible-of-vietnam
#14
Anica Pless Kaiser, Daniel H Kabat, Avron Spiro, Eve H Davison, Jeanne Mager Stellman
Relatively little has been written about the military women who served in Vietnam, and there is virtually no literature on deployed civilian women (non-military). We examined the experiences of 1285 American women, military and civilian, who served in Vietnam during the war and responded to a mail survey conducted approximately 25 years later in which they were asked to report and reflect upon their experiences and social and health histories. We compare civilian women, primarily American Red Cross workers, to military women stratified by length of service, describe their demographic characteristics and warzone experiences (including working conditions, exposure to casualties and sexual harassment), and their homecoming following Vietnam...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349216/family-of-origin-and-educational-inequalities-in-mortality-results-from-1-7-million-swedish-siblings
#15
Laust H Mortensen, Jenny Torssander
Circumstances in the family of origin have short- and long-term consequences for people's health. Family background also influences educational achievements - achievements that are clearly linked to various health outcomes. Utilizing population register data, we compared Swedish siblings with different levels of education (1,732,119 individuals within 662,095 sibships) born between 1934 and 1959 and followed their death records until the end of 2012 (167,932 deaths). The educational gradient in all-cause mortality was lower within sibships than in the population as a whole, an attenuation that was strongest at younger ages (< 50 years of age) and for those with a working class or farmer background...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349207/gender-career-divide-and-women-s-disadvantage-in-depressive-symptoms-and-physical-limitations-in-france
#16
Emmanuelle Cambois, Clémentine Garrouste, Ariane Pailhé
This study investigated the relationship between women's disadvantage in mental health and physical functioning and gender differences in career backgrounds. Sexual division of labor persists and key career characteristics are overrepresented in women: low-skilled first job, downward occupational trajectory, interruptions. These interrelated characteristics are usually linked to poor health. Their overrepresentation in women may be related to the female-male health gap; however, it may not if overrepresentation transposed into substantially weaker associations with poor health outcomes...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347988/efficacy-of-melatonin-for-sleep-disturbance-following-traumatic-brain-injury-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Natalie A Grima, Shantha M W Rajaratnam, Darren Mansfield, Tracey L Sletten, Gershon Spitz, Jennie L Ponsford
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to determine the efficacy of melatonin supplementation for sleep disturbances in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: This is a randomised double-blind placebo-controlled two-period two-treatment (melatonin and placebo) crossover study. Outpatients were recruited from Epworth and Austin Hospitals Melbourne, Australia. They had mild to severe TBI (n = 33) reporting sleep disturbances post-injury (mean age 37 years, standard deviation 11 years; 67% men)...
January 19, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347963/hungry-to-learn-the-prevalence-and-effects-of-food-insecurity-on-health-behaviors-and-outcomes-over-time-among-a-diverse-sample-of-university-freshmen
#18
Meg Bruening, Irene van Woerden, Michael Todd, Melissa N Laska
BACKGROUND: To examine longitudinal associations between food insecurity (FI) and health behaviors/outcomes among a diverse sample of university freshmen. METHODS: Freshman students (n = 1138; 65% female; 49% non-white) participating in the Social impact of Physical Activity and nutRition in College study completed surveys on health behaviors and had height/weight measured up to 4 times (T1-T4) in Arizona during 2015-2016. Structural equation models were estimated to determine if, after adjusting for covariates, FI predicted concurrent behaviors/outcomes and subsequent behaviors/outcomes...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346678/case-study-of-an-adaptation-and-implementation-of-a-diabetes-prevention-program-for-individuals-with-serious-mental-illness
#19
Maria M Quiñones, Judy Lombard-Newell, Daryl Sharp, Valerie Way, Wendi Cross
The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) is an evidence-based lifestyle intervention developed to decrease the risk for type 2 diabetes and promote weight loss in individuals at risk for diabetes. Individuals with serious mental illness have a greater risk for developing diabetes compared with the general population. In this article, the authors provide a detailed description of the adaptation process of the DPP for individuals with serious mental illness (DPP-SMI). The adaptation process was based on a cultural adaptation framework for modifying evidence-based interventions...
January 16, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346120/a-view-from-the-uk-the-uk-and-ireland-confidential-enquiry-into-maternal-deaths-and-morbidity
#20
Marian Knight, Derek Tuffnell
The UK Confidential Enquiry into Maternal Deaths has been in operation for more than 60 years, during which time maternal mortality rates have fallen 10-fold. The program includes two aspects, surveillance and confidential case review, providing different information to aid quality improvement in maternity care. The enquiry now also reviews the care of women with specific severe morbidities. Recommendations have very clearly led to improved outcomes for women, most notably shown in the very low mortality rate due to hypertensive and related disorders of pregnancy...
January 16, 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
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