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Mental health outcomes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793149/educational-and-emotional-health-outcomes-in-adolescence-following-maltreatment-in-early-childhood-a-population-based-study-of-protective-factors
#1
Nisreen Khambati, Liam Mahedy, Jon Heron, Alan Emond
Although childhood maltreatment is associated with long-term impairment, some children function well despite this adversity. This study aimed to identify the key protective factors for good educational attainment and positive emotional health in adolescents who experienced maltreatment in early childhood. Data were analyzed from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a large UK prospective cohort study. The sample was defined by maternally reported exposure to physical or emotional maltreatment by a parent prior to 5 years...
May 21, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792487/ethnic-racial-typicality-and-its-relation-to-ethnic-identity-and-psychological-functioning
#2
Lauren L Mitchell, Ummul-Kiram Kathawalla, Alex A Ajayi, Jillian Fish, Sarah C Nelson, Lovey H M Peissig, Moin Syed
OBJECTIVES: Ethnic identity development is considered a central task of adolescence and emerging adulthood for ethnic minority individuals. Although the process of developing a coherent ethnic identity has received attention from researchers, there has been little work done to elucidate the content of ethnic identity. This study uses an inductive mixed-methods approach to address 1 aspect of ethnic identity content: typicality, or the degree of perceived similarity individuals feel to their ethnic-racial group...
May 24, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792258/nurses-and-patients-perceptions-of-the-quality-of-psychiatric-nursing-care-in-jordan
#3
Wafa S Alsyouf, Ayman M Hamdan-Mansour, Shaher H Hamaideh, Khaled M Alnadi
BACKGROUND: The quality of care provided for patients in mental health-care facilities remains a challenge for health-care providers in general and for nurses in particular. Identifying the level of quality of care provided for patients in mental health-care facilities as perceived by nurses and patients may help health-care providers improve the quality of care and improve patients' outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to assess the perceptions of nurses and patients of the quality of nursing care, and explore the differences in their perceptions of quality of care in mental health-care facilities in Jordan...
May 1, 2018: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791509/health-outcomes-and-adherence-to-a-healthy-lifestyle-after-a-multimodal-intervention-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-three-year-follow-up
#4
Claudia H Marck, Alysha M De Livera, Chelsea R Brown, Sandra L Neate, Keryn L Taylor, Tracey J Weiland, Emily J Hadgkiss, George A Jelinek
BACKGROUND: Modifiable risk factors such as smoking and sedentary lifestyle adversely affect multiple sclerosis (MS) progression. Few multimodal behavioural interventions have been conducted for people with MS, and follow-up beyond 1 year is rare for lifestyle interventions. This study assessed adoption and adherence to healthy lifestyle behaviours and health outcomes 3 years after a lifestyle modification intervention, using generalized estimating equation models to account for within-participant correlation over time...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791433/the-belfast-youth-development-study-byds-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-the-initiation-persistence-and-desistance-of-substance-use-from-adolescence-to-adulthood-in-northern-ireland
#5
Kathryn Higgins, Aisling McLaughlin, Oliver Perra, Claire McCartan, Mark McCann, Andrew Percy, Julie-Ann Jordan
BACKGROUND: Substance misuse persists as a major public health issue worldwide with significant costs for society. The development of interventions requires methodologically sound studies to explore substance misuse causes and consequences. This Cohort description paper outlines the design of the Belfast Youth Development (BYDS), one of the largest cohort studies of its kind in the UK. The study was established to address the need for a long-term prospective cohort study to investigate the initiation, persistence and desistance of substance use, alongside life course processes in adolescence and adulthood...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790990/women-s-mental-health-in-the-perinatal-period-according-to-migrant-status-the-french-representative-elfe-birth-cohort
#6
Fabienne El-Khoury, Anne-Laure Sutter-Dallay, Lidia Panico, Marie-Aline Charles, Elie Azria, Judith Van der Waerden, Maria Melchior
Background: Mental health problems in the perinatal period are common. We examined associations between different categories of migrant status and region of origin in relation to mental health during pregnancy and at 2 months post-partum. Methods: We analyzed data from the French nationally representative Etude Longitudinale Française depuis l'Enfance birth cohort (n = 17 988). Migrant status was divided into five categories: 'majority population', 'descendants with one migrant parent', 'descendants with two migrant parents', 'naturalized migrant' and 'non-naturalized migrant women'...
June 1, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790785/mental-health-trajectories-among-women-in-australia-as-they-age
#7
Thach Tran, Karin Hammarberg, Joanne Ryan, Judy Lowthian, Rosanne Freak-Poli, Alice Owen, Maggie Kirkman, Andrea Curtis, Heather Rowe, Helen Brown, Stephanie Ward, Carlene Britt, Jane Fisher
OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the trajectories of mental health among women in Australia assessed in repeat waves from their early 70 s to the end of their lives or their mid 80 s. METHOD: Secondary analysis of data contributed by the 1921-26 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women's Health Waves 1-6. Primary outcome was the 4-item SF-36 Vitality Subscale, which assesses mental health as life satisfaction, social participation, energy and enthusiasm. Structural, individual and intermediary factors were assessed using study-specific and standardised measures...
May 23, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790238/personal-sleep-debt-and-daytime-sleepiness-mediate-the-relationship-between-sleep-and-mental-health-outcomes-in-young-adults
#8
David L Dickinson, Alexander P Wolkow, Shantha M W Rajaratnam, Sean P A Drummond
BACKGROUND: Sleep duration and chronotype (i.e., morningness-eveningness) are associated with increased depression and anxiety risk, but differences in individual sleep need and lifestyle may mean these sleep parameters do not present the same risk across all individuals. This study explored the mediating role of sleep debt and daytime sleepiness in the relationship between sleep and mental health symptoms in young adults, a particularly vulnerable population. METHODS: Young adult university students (n = 2,218) and young adults from the general population in the United States (n = 992) provided estimates of actual and optimal sleep duration, and completed validated measures of sleepiness, chronotype, and depression and anxiety risk...
May 22, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789984/the-role-of-hiv-stigma-in-art-adherence-and-quality-of-life-among-rural-women-living-with-hiv-in-india
#9
Maria L Ekstrand, Elsa Heylen, Amanda Mazur, Wayne T Steward, Catherine Carpenter, Kartik Yadav, Sanjeev Sinha, Adey Nyamathi
HIV stigma continues to be a barrier to physical and mental health among people living with HIV globally, especially in vulnerable populations. We examined how stigma is associated with health outcomes and quality of life among rural women living with HIV in South India (N = 600). Interviewer-administered measures assessed multiple dimensions of stigma, as well as loneliness, social support, ART adherence, time since diagnosis, and quality of life. Internalized stigma and a lack of social support were associated with a lower quality of life, while the association between internalized stigma and adherence was mediated by the use of stigma-avoidant coping strategies, suggesting that keeping one's diagnosis a secret may make it more difficult to take one's medications...
May 22, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789904/revision-knee-arthroplasty-with-rotating-hinge-systems-in-patients-with-gross-ligament-instability
#10
Sebastian P Boelch, Joerg Arnholdt, Boris M Holzapfel, Axel Jakuscheit, Maximilian Rudert, Maik Hoberg
PURPOSE: The clinical and radiographic outcomes after revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for instability with two rotating hinge knee prostheses were compared. METHODS: Fifty-one patients revised for TKA instability were prospectively randomized to either the Link Endo-Model (N = 26) or the EnduRo (N = 25). Clinical and radiographic outcome scores were compared pre-operatively and at 12 months' follow-up. Failure mechanisms were recorded. RESULTS: Age, BMI, operation, and tourniquet-time did not differ significantly between groups...
May 22, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789282/internet-use-depression-and-anxiety-in-a-healthy-adolescent-population-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Robyn Pauline Thom, David S Bickham, Michael Rich
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric disorders, including conduct disturbances, substance abuse, and affective disorders, emerge in approximately 20% of adolescents. In parallel with the rise in internet use, the prevalence of depression among adolescents has increased. It remains unclear whether and how internet use impacts mental health in adolescents. OBJECTIVE: We assess the association between patterns of internet use and two mental health outcomes (depression and anxiety) in a healthy adolescent population...
May 22, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788969/psychosocial-predictors-for-outcome-after-total-joint-arthroplasty-a-prospective-comparison-of-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty
#12
Marion Lindner, Olaf Nosseir, Anett Keller-Pliessnig, Per Teigelack, Martin Teufel, Sefik Tagay
BACKGROUND: As findings regarding predictors for good outcome after total joint arthroplasty are highly inconsistent, aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the psychosocial variables sense of coherence and social support as well as mental distress on physical outcome after surgery. It should be investigated if different predictors are important in patients after total hip arthroplasty (THA) compared to patients after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: In a prospective design, 44 patients undergoing THA and 61 patients undergoing TKA were examined presurgery and 6 and 12 weeks after surgery using WOMAC (disease-specific outcome), SF-36 (health-related quality of life), BSI (psychological distress), SOC-13 (sense of coherence), and F-SozU (social support)...
May 22, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788701/the-bidirectional-relationship-between-diabetes-and-depression-a-literature-review
#13
REVIEW
Abdallah Alzoubi, Rnad Abunaser, Adi Khassawneh, Mahmoud Alfaqih, Aws Khasawneh, Nour Abdo
Diabetes is a major public health problem worldwide. Depression is a serious mental condition that decreases mental and physical functioning and reduces the quality of life. Several lines of evidence suggest a bidirectional relationship between diabetes and depression: diabetes patients are twice as likely to experience depression than nondiabetic individuals. In contrast, depression increases the risk of diabetes and interferes with its daily self-management. Diabetes patients with depression have poor glycemic control, reduced quality of life, and an increased risk of diabetes complications, consequently having an increased mortality rate...
May 2018: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788533/weight-bias-internalization-and-health-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
R L Pearl, R M Puhl
A robust literature has documented the negative health effects of being the target of weight bias. Weight bias internalization (WBI) occurs when individuals apply negative weight stereotypes to themselves and self-derogate because of their body weight. Compared with experiences of weight bias, less is known about the relationship between WBI and mental and physical health, although more literature on this topic has emerged in recent years. The current systematic review identified 74 studies assessing the relationship between WBI and health and interventions designed to reduce WBI and improve health...
May 22, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788506/experiences-and-career-intentions-of-combat-deployed-uk-military-personnel
#15
R Morris-Butler, N Jones, N Greenberg, B Campion, S Wessely
Background: Most studies of the psychological impact of military deployment focus on the negative and traumatic aspects. Less is known about the full range of deployment experiences nor how these may impact on career intentions. Aims: To examine subjective operational experiences and career intentions in deployed UK military personnel using data gathered toward the end of an operational deployment. Methods: Data were gathered during deployment in Iraq and Afghanistan...
May 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787927/refugees-admission-to-mental-health-institutions-in-norway-is-there-an-ethnic-density-effect
#16
Jon Erik Finnvold, Elisabeth Ugreninov
Some recent European research claims that immigrants settle in urban areas with low scores on level-of-living conditions and a high prevalence of health-risk factors, and that these settlement patterns adversely affect their health. Other studies question the association between immigrant segregation and area deprivation on one hand, and negative health outcomes on the other hand, and identify possible beneficial effects of segregation, specifically the ethnic density effect. This paper aims to explore the possible ethnic density effect among refugees, a sub-population that often appears relatively vulnerable compared with immigrants in general...
May 16, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787549/long-term-patient-centered-outcomes-of-lower-extremity-vascular-trauma
#17
Zane B Perkins, Barbaros Yet, Simon Glasgow, William Marsh, Nigel R M Tai, Todd E Rasmussen
OBJECTIVE: To describe the long-term outcomes of military lower extremity vascular injuries, and the decision-making of surgeons treating these injuries. BACKGROUND: Lower extremity vascular trauma is an important cause of preventable death and severe disability, and decisions on amputation or limb salvage can be difficult. Additionally, the complexity of the condition is not amenable to controlled study, and there is limited data to guide clinical decision-making and establish sensible treatment expectations during rehabilitation...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786898/adults-with-comorbid-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-alcohol-use-disorder-and-opioid-use-disorder-the-effectiveness-of-modified-prolonged-exposure
#18
Kelly R Peck, Julie A Schumacher, Paul R Stasiewicz, Scott F Coffey
Opioid use disorders (OUDs) are a growing problem in the United States. When OUDs co-occur with problematic drinking and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), negative drug-related mental and physical health outcomes may be exacerbated. Thus, it is important to establish whether PTSD treatments with established efficacy for dually diagnosed individuals also demonstrate efficacy in individuals who engage in problematic drinking and concurrent opioid misuse. Adults who met DSM-IV-TR criteria for PTSD and alcohol dependence were recruited from a substance use treatment facility and were randomly assigned to receive either modified prolonged exposure (mPE) therapy for PTSD or a non-trauma-focused comparison treatment...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786495/occupational-moral-injury-and-mental-health-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Victoria Williamson, Sharon A M Stevelink, Neil Greenberg
BACKGROUND: Many people confront potentially morally injurious experiences (PMIEs) in the course of their work which can violate deeply held moral values or beliefs, putting them at risk for psychological difficulties (e.g. post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, etc.).AimsWe aimed to assess the effect of moral injury on mental health outcomes. METHOD: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the association between work-related PMIEs and mental health disorders...
June 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785707/burden-of-mental-illness-and-non-communicable-diseases-and-risk-factors-for-mental-illness-among-refugees-in-buffalo-ny-2004-2014
#20
Wudeneh Mulugeta, Hong Xue, Myron Glick, Jungwon Min, Michael F Noe, Youfa Wang
INTRODUCTION: Limited is known about mental illness and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and their risk factors among refugees. These were studied using data collected from a refugee population in Buffalo, NY. METHODS: Longitudinal data collected on 1055 adults (> 18 years) at a large refugee health center in Buffalo, NY, during 2004-2014 were used. Main outcomes were hypertension, diabetes, tobacco use, obesity, overweight/obesity, and mental illness. Risk factors were assessed using multivariate regression models...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
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