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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544391/the-experience-sampling-method-as-an-mhealth-tool-to-support-self-monitoring-self-insight-and-personalized-health-care-in-clinical-practice
#1
Jim van Os, Simone Verhagen, Anne Marsman, Frenk Peeters, Maarten Bak, Machteld Marcelis, Marjan Drukker, Ulrich Reininghaus, Nele Jacobs, Tineke Lataster, Claudia Simons, Richel Lousberg, Sinan Gülöksüz, Carsten Leue, Peter C Groot, Wolfgang Viechtbauer, Philippe Delespaul
BACKGROUND: The experience sampling method (ESM) builds an intensive time series of experiences and contexts in the flow of daily life, typically consisting of around 70 reports, collected at 8-10 random time points per day over a period of up to 10 days. METHODS: With the advent of widespread smartphone use, ESM can be used in routine clinical practice. Multiple examples of ESM data collections across different patient groups and settings are shown and discussed, varying from an ESM evaluation of a 6-week randomized trial of mindfulness, to a twin study on emotion dynamics in daily life...
May 23, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544009/a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-effects-of-delaying-onset-of-adolescent-substance-abuse-on-cognitive-development-and-addiction-following-a-selective-personality-targeted-intervention-program-the-co-venture-trial
#2
Maeve O'Leary-Barrett, Benoit Mâsse, Robert Pihl, Sherry Stewart, Jean R Séguin, Patricia Conrod
AIMS: Substance use and binge drinking during early adolescence are associated with neurocognitive abnormalities, mental health problems and an increased risk for future addiction. The trial aims to evaluate the protective effects of an evidence-based substance use prevention program on the onset of alcohol and drug use in adolescence, as well as on cognitive, mental health and addiction outcomes over 5 years. DESIGN: Thirty-eight high schools will be recruited, with a final sample of 31 schools assigned to intervention or control conditions (approximately 3800 youth)...
May 21, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543355/nurse-versus-physician-led-care-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-trials
#3
REVIEW
Fengqiu Gong, Xiaojun Chen, Yaoye Wu, Dianye Yao, Lihong Xie, Qiuyi Ouyang, Ping Wang, Gang Niu
AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of nurse-led care for obstructive sleep apnoea compared with physician-led care. BACKGROUND: The incidence of obstructive sleep apnoea is increasing worldwide. There is a need for cost-effective care models to ease off the pressure on tertiary care centres and divert care to the community. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: We searched major electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, AMED, British Nursing Index, CINAHL, HMIC, PsycINFO, Health Business Elite and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials CENTRAL) from inception till December 2016 using a structured search strategy for all randomised trials evaluating nurse-led treatment interventions for adults with obstructive sleep apnoea compared with physician-led ones...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542726/the-association-between-psychotic-experiences-and-disability-results-from-the-who-world-mental-health-surveys
#4
F Navarro-Mateu, J Alonso, C C W Lim, S Saha, S Aguilar-Gaxiola, A Al-Hamzawi, L H Andrade, E J Bromet, R Bruffaerts, S Chatterji, L Degenhardt, G de Girolamo, P de Jonge, J Fayyad, S Florescu, O Gureje, J M Haro, C Hu, E G Karam, V Kovess-Masfety, S Lee, M E Medina-Mora, A Ojagbemi, B-E Pennell, M Piazza, J Posada-Villa, K M Scott, J C Stagnaro, M Xavier, K S Kendler, R C Kessler, J J McGrath
OBJECTIVE: While psychotic experiences (PEs) are known to be associated with a range of mental and general medical disorders, little is known about the association between PEs and measures of disability. We aimed to investigate this question using the World Mental Health surveys. METHOD: Lifetime occurrences of six types of PEs were assessed along with 21 mental disorders and 14 general medical conditions. Disability was assessed with a modified version of the WHO Disability Assessment Schedule...
May 25, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542256/maternal-depression-and-anxiety-disorders-mdad-and-child-development-a-manitoba-population-based-study
#5
Brenda Comaskey, Noralou P Roos, Marni Brownell, Murray W Enns, Dan Chateau, Chelsea A Ruth, Okechukwu Ekuma
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between maternal depression and anxiety disorders (MDAD) and child development assessed during the kindergarten year. METHODS: Administrative data from several health and social databases in Manitoba, Canada, were used to study 18,331 mother-child pairs. MDAD over the period from one year prior to the child's birth to the kindergarten year was defined using physician diagnoses and filled prescriptions. Child development was assessed during the kindergarten year using the Early Development Instrument (EDI) which measures vulnerability across five domains of development...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541549/cognitive-development-in-children-up-to-age-11-years-born-after-art-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#6
Anna Barbuscia, Melinda C Mills
STUDY QUESTION: How does the cognitive development of children conceived after ART (IVF and ICSI) - measured as cognitive skills at age 3, 5, 7 and 11 years - differ over time from those born after natural conception (NC)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Improved measures of cognitive development up to age 5 years were recorded in children conceived with ART compared to NC, which attenuates by 11 years, with ART children still scoring slightly better than NC children. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Results on the cognitive outcomes of children conceived after ART have been highly contradictory...
May 24, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541435/lessons-from-singapore-s-national-weight-management-program-lose-to-win
#7
Kathryn Vasquez, Rahul Malhotra, Truls Østbye, Wilson Low, Mei Fen Chan, Ling Chew, Annie Ling
The prevalence of overweight and obesity in Singapore is lower than in most countries, but it is increasing. There is evidence health complications may appear at lower weights among Asians. We describe the evolution of a national weight management program [Lose To Win (LTW)] organized by the Singapore Health Promotion Board from 2009 to 2013. LTW is a 12-week program comprising nutrition education, physical activity and mental wellbeing sessions and interim assessments. Individuals aged 18-69 years with a body mass index (BMI) between 23 and 37...
May 24, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541396/prospective-disability-in-different-combinations-of-somatic-and-mental-multimorbidity
#8
Ana R Quiñones, Sheila Markwardt, Stephen Thielke, Ola Rostant, Elizabeth Vásquez, Anda Botoseneanu
BACKGROUND.: Multimorbidity (multiple co-occurring chronic conditions) may be an important contributor to disability and poor health-related quality of life. The functional consequences of specific combinations of somatic and mental health conditions are unclear. METHODS.: Nationally-representative prospective cohort study using the National Health and Aging Trends Study data of Medicare beneficiaries. We included 4,017 participants aged 65 years or older interviewed in 2013 and 2014...
May 24, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540900/quality-of-life-of-hemodialysis-patients-in-togo-a-single-center-study-on-64-hemodialysis-patients-at-the-sylvanus-olympio-university-hospital-in-lom%C3%A3-togo
#9
Kossi Akomola Sabi, Béfa Noto-Kadou-Kaza, Eyram Yoan Amekoudi, Jacques Vigan, Kokou Ayamekpe, Dégnon Amedegnato
This study aims at assessing patients' quality of life during hemodialysis (HD) and determining influencing factors. This prospective study was conducted over a three-month period (December 1, 2012-February 28, 2013) at the Sylvanus Olympio University Hospital (CHU-SO) HD unit, the only center to provide such services in Togo. Respondents used the standard Medical Outcome Survey-Short Form 36 questionnaire. This study was conducted on 64 patients (44 males and 20 females = M/F ratio 2.2). Mean patient age was 45...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540768/daily-stressors-trauma-exposure-and-mental-health-among-stateless-rohingya-refugees-in-bangladesh
#10
Andrew Riley, Andrea Varner, Peter Ventevogel, M M Taimur Hasan, Courtney Welton-Mitchell
The Rohingya of Myanmar are a severely persecuted minority who form one of the largest groups of stateless people; thousands of them reside in refugee camps in southeastern Bangladesh. There has been little research into the mental health consequences of persecution, war, and other historical trauma endured by the Rohingya; nor has the role of daily environmental stressors associated with continued displacement, statelessness, and life in the refugee camps, been thoroughly researched. This cross-sectional study examined: trauma history, daily environmental stressors, and mental health outcomes for 148 Rohingya adults residing in Kutupalong and Nayapara refugee camps in Bangladesh...
June 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540114/expert-consensus-on-predictive-parameters-for-the-occurrence-of-a-fall-and-a-contralateral-hip-fracture-1-and-3-years-after-hip-fracture-a-delphi-survey
#11
Alexander Joeris, Anahí Hurtado-Chong, Michael Blauth, Joerg Goldhahn, Nicolas S Bodmer, Lucas M Bachmann
BACKGROUND: Early identification of people at risk for a contralateral hip fracture would be desirable to favorably influence patients' prognosis. A recent systematic review failed to depict stringent patterns of risk parameters to be used for decision-making in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To perform a consensus study using the Delphi method to reach an expert consensus on predictive parameters for the occurrence of a fall and a contralateral hip fracture 1 and 3 years after hip fracture...
June 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540042/factors-affecting-the-concussion-knowledge-of-athletes-parents-coaches-and-medical-professionals
#12
Michael D Cusimano, Stanley Zhang, Jane Topolovec-Vranic, Michael G Hutchison, Rowan Jing
OBJECTIVES: To determine the predictors of knowledge and awareness of concussion symptoms and outcomes through a survey of athletes, parents of players and coaches in sports settings in Canada. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of athletic communities in Canada was conducted. Respondents' concussion knowledge score consists of responses to questions about the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of a concussion and the timing of return-to-sport post-concussion. The percentage of correct responses was defined as the "identification rate...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539205/patient-participation-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#13
Anna Schandl, Ann-Charlotte Falk, Catharina Frank
OBJECTIVE: Patient participation in healthcare is important for optimizing treatment outcomes and for ensuring satisfaction with care. The purpose of the study wasto explore critical care nurses' perceptions of patient participation for critically ill patients. DESIGN AND SETTINGS: Qualitative data were collected in four separate focus group interviews with 17 nurses from two hospitals. The interviews were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. FINDINGS: Initially, the nurses stated that patient participation in the intensive care unit (ICU) was dependent on the patient's health condition and consciousness...
May 20, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539104/development-of-collaborative-drug-therapy-management-and-clinical-pharmacy-services-in-an-outpatient-psychiatric-clinic
#14
Ashley Tewksbury, Kevin M Bozymski, Laura Ruekert, Cheen Lum, Elizabeth Cunningham, Frank Covington
Collaborative drug therapy management (CDTM) is a written agreement that allows a pharmacist to initiate, modify, or continue pharmacotherapies under a physician's scope of practice. While available literature pertaining to cardiometabolic and respiratory CDTM services is growing, publications are sparse in psychiatry, particularly outside Veterans Health Administration medical centers. A descriptive study was undertaken to demonstrate how a board-certified psychiatric pharmacist would begin organizing a protocol for clinical pharmacy services at an outpatient, community treatment center for mental health and substance abuse disorders...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538937/-mother-child-relationship-and-associated-factors-hierarchical-analysis-of-the-population-base-in-a-brazilian-state-capital-brisa-study
#15
Milady Cutrim Vieira Cavalcante, Fernando Lamy, Ana Karina Teixeira da Cunha França, Zeni Carvalho Lamy
Several factors can interfere in the mother-child relationship. Studies about different maternal characteristics and this relationship are scarce; they mainly evaluate women with psychopathology and use simultaneous regression models with adjustment for multiple confounders. This study aimed to assess factors associated with losses in the mother-child relationship through a cohort of 3,215 mothers of children between 15 and 36 months of age. Losses in the mother-child relationship, assessed by the Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire, was the outcome variable and the explanatory variables were demographic, socioeconomic, reproductive health and mental health of mothers as well as the conditions of the birth of children...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538526/responsiveness-and-minimal-important-changes-of-the-scoliosis-research-society-22-patient-questionnaire-in-subjects-with-mild-adolescent-and-moderate-adult-idiopathic-scoliosis-undergoing-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation
#16
Marco Monticone, Emilia Ambrosini, Barbara Rocca, Calogero Foti, Simona Ferrante
STUDY DESIGN: Single-center, prospective study. OBJECTIVE: Evaluating the responsiveness and minimal important changes (MICs) for the Scoliosis Research Society-22 Patient Questionnaire (SRS-22) in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and adult idiopathic scoliosis (AS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Despite the SRS-22 properties have been investigated in various different languages, there is still a lack of information concerning responsiveness and MIC, limiting the use of SRS-22 for clinical and research purposes...
June 1, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537429/core-outcome-measures-for-clinical-research-in-acute-respiratory-failure-survivors-an-international-modified-delphi-consensus-study
#17
Dale M Needham, Kristin A Sepulveda, Victor D Dinglas, Caroline M Chessare, Lisa Aronson Friedman, Clifton O Bingham Iii, Alison E Turnbull
RATIONALE: Research evaluating acute respiratory failure (ARF) survivors' outcomes after hospital discharge has substantial heterogeneity in measurement instruments used, creating barriers to synthesizing study data. OBJECTIVES: To identify a minimum set of core outcome measures that are essential to include in all clinical research studies evaluating ARF survivors after discharge. METHODS: A three-round modified Delphi consensus process with 77 participants (47% female, 55% outside USA), including clinical researchers from >16 countries across 6 continents, patients/caregivers, clinicians, and research funders...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537326/cognitive-frailty-in-italian-community-dwelling-older-adults-prevalence-rate-and-its-association-with-disability
#18
M Roppolo, A Mulasso, E Rabaglietti
Cognitive frailty is the simultaneous clinical manifestation of both physical frailty and cognitive impairment. This paper aimed to propose and test an operational definition of cognitive frailty. The following specific aims were pursued: (i) to rate the prevalence of cognitive frailty; (ii) to evaluate differences in cognitive functioning among robust, pre-frail, and frail individuals; (iii) to examine the association of cognitive frailty with disability, in a sample of Italian community-dwelling older adults...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536741/does-diagnosis-make-a-difference-estimating-the-impact-of-an-hiv-medication-adherence-intervention-for-persons-with-serious-mental-illness
#19
Natasha Dalseth, Regina Szucs Reed, Michael Hennessy, Marlene M Eisenberg, Michael B Blank
The heightened risk of persons with serious mental illness to contract and transmit human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a public health problem. Here we evaluate the interaction between psychiatric diagnosis and response to a community based-intervention targeted at treatment adherence in 236 HIV+ persons with co-occurring mental illness. To examine differential effectiveness of the intervention for categories of patient diagnosis, we reanalyzed the data after stratifying participants into two diagnostic groups: (1) participants with depressive disorders without psychosis and (2) participants with a psychotic or bipolar disorder...
May 23, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535792/caught-between-a-rock-and-a-hard-place-mental-health-of-migrant-live-in-caregivers-in-canada
#20
Mandana Vahabi, Josephine Pui-Hing Wong
BACKGROUND: Canada depends on Temporary Foreign Workers (TFWs), also known as migrant workers, to fill labour shortage in agriculture, hospitality, construction, child/senior care, and other low-skilled occupations. Evidence shows that TFWs, especially women live-in caregivers (LC), constitute a vulnerable population. Their health is compromised by the precarious and harsh working and living conditions they encounter. There is a paucity of research on the mental health of LCs, their support systems and access to mental health services...
May 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
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