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Mindfulness-based stress reduction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529544/complementary-and-alternative-interventions-for-fatigue-management-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#1
Gang-Zhu Xu, Yan-Feng Li, Mao-De Wang, Dong-Yuan Cao
BACKGROUND: We systematically reviewed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of complementary and alternative interventions for fatigue after traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: We searched multiple online sources including ClinicalTrials.gov, the Cochrane Library database, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, the Web of Science, AMED, PsychINFO, Toxline, ProQuest Digital Dissertations, PEDro, PsycBite, and the World Health Organization (WHO) trial registry, in addition to hand searching of grey literature...
May 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527330/home-practice-in-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-and-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-participants-mindfulness-practice-and-its-association-with-outcomes
#2
Christine E Parsons, Catherine Crane, Liam J Parsons, Lone Overby Fjorback, Willem Kuyken
Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) and Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) emphasize the importance of mindfulness practice at home as an integral part of the program. However, the extent to which participants complete their assigned practice is not yet clear, nor is it clear whether this practice is associated with positive outcomes. For this systematic review and meta-analysis, searches were performed using Scopus and PubMed for studies published through to the end of 2015, reporting on formal home practice of mindfulness by MBSR or MBCT participants...
May 10, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518101/using-wavelet-entropy-to-demonstrate-how-mindfulness-practice-increases-coordination-between-irregular-cerebral-and-cardiac-activities
#3
Hin Hung Sik, Junling Gao, Jicong Fan, Bonnie Wai Yan Wu, Hang Kin Leung, Yeung Sam Hung
In both the East and West, traditional teachings say that the mind and heart are somehow closely correlated, especially during spiritual practice. One difficulty in proving this objectively is that the natures of brain and heart activities are quite different. In this paper, we propose a methodology that uses wavelet entropy to measure the chaotic levels of both electroencephalogram (EEG) and electrocardiogram (ECG) data and show how this may be used to explore the potential coordination between the mind and heart under different experimental conditions...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511703/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Robert Simpson, Frances S Mair, Stewart W Mercer
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a stressful condition. Mental health comorbidity is common. Stress can increase the risk of depression, reduce quality of life (QOL), and possibly exacerbate disease activity in MS. Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) may help, but has been little studied in MS, particularly among more disabled individuals. METHODS: The objective of this study was to test the feasibility and likely effectiveness of a standard MBSR course for people with MS...
May 16, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506263/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#5
G McLean, M Lawrence, R Simpson, S W Mercer
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) is increasingly being used to improve outcomes such as stress and depression in a range of long-term conditions (LTCs). While systematic reviews on MBSR have taken place for a number of conditions there remains limited information on its impact on individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: Medline, Central, Embase, Amed, CINAHAL were searched in March 2016. These databases were searched using a combination of MeSH subject headings where available and keywords in the title and abstracts...
May 15, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501707/mechanisms-of-action-in-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-mbct-and-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-mbsr-in-people-with-physical-and-or-psychological-conditions-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Modi Alsubaie, Rebecca Abbott, Barnaby Dunn, Chris Dickens, Tina Frieda Keil, William Henley, Willem Kuyken
BACKGROUND: Recently, there has been an increased interest in studying the effects of mindfulness-based interventions for people with psychological and physical problems. However, the mechanisms of action in these interventions that lead to beneficial physical and psychological outcomes have yet to be clearly identified. PURPOSE: The aim of this paper is to review, systematically, the evidence to date on the mechanisms of action in mindfulness interventions in populations with physical and/or psychological conditions...
April 23, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486559/online-mindfulness-as-a-promising-method-to-improve-exercise-capacity-in-heart-disease-12-month-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Rinske A Gotink, John O Younge, Machteld F Wery, Elisabeth M W J Utens, Michelle Michels, Dimitris Rizopoulos, Liesbeth F C van Rossum, Jolien W Roos-Hesselink, Myriam M G Hunink
There is increasing evidence that mindfulness can reduce stress, and thereby affect other psychological and physiological outcomes as well. Earlier, we reported the direct 3-month results of an online modified mindfulness-based stress reduction training in patients with heart disease, and now we evaluate the effect at 12-month follow-up. 324 patients (mean age 43.2 years, 53.7% male) were randomized in a 2:1 ratio to additional 3-month online mindfulness training or to usual care alone. The primary outcome was exercise capacity measured with the 6 minute walk test (6MWT)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470371/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-breast-cancer-patients-a-mixed-method-study-on-what-patients-experience-as-a-suitable-stage-to-participate
#8
Else M Bisseling, Melanie P J Schellekens, Ellen T M Jansen, Hanneke W M van Laarhoven, Judith B Prins, Anne E M Speckens
PURPOSE: Breast cancer is associated with high levels of psychological distress. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) has proven to be effective in reducing distress in cancer patients. In several studies, patients who are currently undergoing somatic anticancer treatment are excluded from participating in MBSR. Little is known about what would be the most suitable stage of disease to offer MBSR. We examined whether stage of disease facilitated and/or hindered participation in MBSR for breast cancer patients...
May 4, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460534/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-effects-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-mbsr-bc-on-levels-of-inflammatory-biomarkers-among-recovering-breast-cancer-survivors
#9
Richard R Reich, Cecile A Lengacher, Thomas W Klein, Cathy Newton, Steve Shivers, Sophia Ramesar, Carissa B Alinat, Carly Paterson, Alice Le, Jong Y Park, Versie Johnson-Mallard, Maya Elias, Manolete Moscoso, Matthew Goodman, Kevin E Kip
PURPOSE: The purpose of this substudy of a large randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the efficacy of the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (Breast Cancer) (MBSR[BC]) program compared to usual care (UC) in normalizing blood levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines among breast cancer survivors (BCS). METHOD: A total of 322 BCS were randomized to either a 6-week MBSR(BC) program or a UC. At baseline and 6 and 12 weeks, 10 ml of venous blood and demographic and clinical data were collected and/or updated...
January 1, 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458503/trauma-sensitive-yoga-as-a-complementary-treatment-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-qualitative-descriptive-analysis
#10
Jennifer West, Belle Liang, Joseph Spinazzola
Research on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and chronic childhood abuse has revealed that traditional trauma treatments often fail to fully address the complicated symptom presentation, including the somatic complaints, loss of awareness of one's emotional and physical being in the present moment, and overall lack of integration between the self and the body. The mindfulness-based intervention of hatha yoga shows promise as a complementary treatment, and focuses on personal growth in addition to symptom reduction...
May 2017: International Journal of Stress Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458403/mindfulness-goes-to-school-things-learned-so-far-from-research-and-real-world-experiences
#11
Randye J Semple, Vita Droutman, Brittany Ann Reid
Mindfulness-based curricula are being implemented in K-12 schools across the nation. Many of these programs, although well-considered and implemented, have little or no research support for their effectiveness. Recognizing the paucity of published research in this area, a sampling of school-based programs currently being implemented in the schools is reviewed. The programs reviewed are Inner Explorer, Master Mind and Moment Program, Mindfulness and Mind-Body Skills for Children, Mindful Schools, Resilient Kids, Still Quiet Place, Stress Reduction and Mindfulness Curriculum and Mindful Moment, and Wellness and Resilience Program...
January 2017: Psychology in the Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437793/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-treating-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Dennis Anheyer, Heidemarie Haller, Jürgen Barth, Romy Lauche, Gustav Dobos, Holger Cramer
Background: Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) is frequently used to treat pain-related conditions, but its effects on low back pain are uncertain. Purpose: To assess the efficacy and safety of MBSR in patients with low back pain. Data Sources: Searches of MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, and PsycINFO to 15 June 2016. Study Selection: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared MBSR with usual care or an active comparator and assessed pain intensity or pain-related disability as a primary outcome in patients with low back pain...
April 25, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436999/clinical-practice-guidelines-on-the-evidence-based-use-of-integrative-therapies-during-and-after-breast-cancer-treatment
#13
REVIEW
Heather Greenlee, Melissa J DuPont-Reyes, Lynda G Balneaves, Linda E Carlson, Misha R Cohen, Gary Deng, Jillian A Johnson, Matthew Mumber, Dugald Seely, Suzanna M Zick, Lindsay M Boyce, Debu Tripathy
Answer questions and earn CME/CNE Patients with breast cancer commonly use complementary and integrative therapies as supportive care during cancer treatment and to manage treatment-related side effects. However, evidence supporting the use of such therapies in the oncology setting is limited. This report provides updated clinical practice guidelines from the Society for Integrative Oncology on the use of integrative therapies for specific clinical indications during and after breast cancer treatment, including anxiety/stress, depression/mood disorders, fatigue, quality of life/physical functioning, chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, lymphedema, chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy, pain, and sleep disturbance...
April 24, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421677/mindfulness-and-its-efficacy-for-psychological-and-biological-responses-in-women-with-breast-cancer
#14
Elisabeth Kenne Sarenmalm, Lena B Mårtensson, Bengt A Andersson, Per Karlsson, Ingrid Bergh
Many breast cancer survivors have to deal with a variety of psychological and physiological sequelae including impaired immune responses. The primary purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to determine the efficacy of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) intervention for mood disorders in women with breast cancer. Secondary outcomes were symptom experience, health status, coping capacity, mindfulness, posttraumatic growth, and immune status. This RTC assigned 166 women with breast cancer to one of three groups: MBSR (8 weekly group sessions of MBSR), active controls (self-instructing MBSR) and non-MBSR...
May 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412558/relationship-of-mindful-awareness-to-neural-processing-of-angry-faces-and-impact-of-mindfulness-training-a-pilot-investigation
#15
Athene K W Lee, David A Gansler, Nanyin Zhang, Matthew W Jerram, Jean A King, Carl Fulwiler
Mindfulness is paying attention, non-judgmentally, to experience in the moment. Mindfulness training reduces depression and anxiety and influences neural processes in midline self-referential and lateralized somatosensory and executive networks. Although mindfulness benefits emotion regulation, less is known about its relationship to anger and the corresponding neural correlates. This study examined the relationship of mindful awareness and brain hemodynamics of angry face processing, and the impact of mindfulness training...
April 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342990/telephone-adapted-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-tmbsr-for-patients-awaiting-kidney-transplantation
#16
Cynthia R Gross, Maryanne Reilly-Spong, Taehwan Park, Ruizhi Zhao, Olga V Gurvich, Hassan N Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Patients with progressive kidney disease experience increasing physiologic and psychosocial stressors and declining health-related quality of life (HRQOL). METHODS: We conducted a randomized, active-controlled, open-label trial to test whether a Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program delivered in a novel workshop-teleconference format would reduce symptoms and improve HRQOL in patients awaiting kidney transplantation. Sixty-three transplant candidates were randomized to one of two arms: i) telephone-adapted MBSR (tMBSR, an 8-week program of meditation and yoga); or ii) a telephone-based support group (tSupport)...
March 22, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342404/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-may-be-equally-effective-in-reducing-anxiety-and-depression-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#17
Bram B Sizoo, Erik Kuiper
Anxiety and depression co-occur in 50-70% of adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) but treatment methods for these comorbid problems have not been systematically studied. Recently, two ASD-tailored protocols were published: mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) and cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). We wanted to investigate if both methods are equally effective in reducing anxiety and depression symptoms among adults with ASD. 59 adults with ASD and anxiety or depression scores above 7 on the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, gave informed consent to participate; 27 followed the CBT protocol, and 32 the MBSR treatment protocol...
March 22, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337821/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-added-to-care-as-usual-for-lung-cancer-patients-and-or-their-partners-a-multi-centre-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
M P J Schellekens, D G M van den Hurk, J B Prins, A R T Donders, J Molema, R Dekhuijzen, M A van der Drift, A E M Speckens
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer patients report among the highest distress rates of all cancer patients. Partners report similar distress rates. The present study examined the effectiveness of additional Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (CAU + MBSR) versus solely care as usual (CAU) to reduce psychological distress in lung cancer patients and/or their partners. METHODS: We performed a multicentre, parallel-group, randomized controlled trial. MBSR is an 8-week group-based intervention, including mindfulness practice and teachings on stress...
March 23, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314552/effects-of-mindfulness-meditation-on-occupational-functioning-and-health-care-utilization-in-individuals-with-anxiety
#19
Elizabeth A Hoge, Brittany M Guidos, Mihriye Mete, Eric Bui, Mark H Pollack, Naomi M Simon, Mary Ann Dutton
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of mindfulness meditation on occupational functioning in individuals with Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). METHODS: Fifty-seven individuals with GAD (mean (SD) age=39 (13); 56% women) participated in an 8-week clinical trial in which they were randomized to mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) or an attention control class. In this secondary analysis, absenteeism, entire workdays missed, partial workdays missed, and healthcare utilization patterns were assessed before and after treatment...
April 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278589/assessment-and-treatment-of-mental-fatigue-after-a-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
Birgitta Johansson, Lars Rönnbäck
Mental fatigue is a frequently occurring symptom after mild, moderate or severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Such mental fatigue may become a long-lasting problem, irrespective of severity and even after recovery from other neurological or psychiatric symptoms. Two characteristics of this mental fatigue are that patients easily become exhausted and there is generally a long recovery time. There is a need to increase knowledge and awareness of mental fatigue as it interferes considerably with work, studies, and social activities...
March 1, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
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