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Mindfulness-based stress reduction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615157/designing-prototyping-and-evaluating-digital-mindfulness-applications-a-case-study-of-mindful-breathing-for-stress-reduction
#1
Bin Zhu, Anders Hedman, Shuo Feng, Haibo Li, Walter Osika
BACKGROUND: During the past decade, there has been a rapid increase of interactive apps designed for health and well-being. Yet, little research has been published on developing frameworks for design and evaluation of digital mindfulness facilitating technologies. Moreover, many existing digital mindfulness applications are purely software based. There is room for further exploration and assessment of designs that make more use of physical qualities of artifacts. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to develop and test a new physical digital mindfulness prototype designed for stress reduction...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609411/effects-of-a-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-program-on-the-physical-and-psychological-status-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-metastatic-breast-cancer
#2
Chung Eun Lee, Sanghee Kim, Sue Kim, Hye Myung Joo, Soohyeon Lee
This nonequivalent control group pre-/posttest study investigated the effectiveness of a mindfulness-based stress reduction program at improving both the physical status and psychological status of 18 patients with metastatic breast cancer. The mindfulness-based stress reduction program had a mild effect of improving average pain and alleviating distress.
July 2017: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608774/parent-perspectives-of-applying-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-strategies-to-special-education
#3
Meghan M Burke, Neilson Chan, Cameron L Neece
Parents of children with (versus without) intellectual and developmental disabilities report greater stress; such stress may be exacerbated by dissatisfaction with school services, poor parent-school partnerships, and the need for parent advocacy. Increasingly, mindfulness interventions have been used to reduce parent stress. However, it is unclear whether parents apply mindfulness strategies during the special education process to reduce school-related stress. To investigate whether mindfulness may reduce school-related stress, interviews were conducted with 26 parents of children with intellectual and developmental disabilities who completed a mindfulness-based stress reduction intervention...
June 2017: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600777/psychoneuroimmunology-developments-in-stress-research
#4
REVIEW
Rainer H Straub, Maurizio Cutolo
Links between the central nervous stress system and peripheral immune cells in lymphoid organs have been detailed through 50 years of intensive research. The brain can interfere with the immune system, where chronic psychological stress inhibits many functions of the immune system. On the other hand, chronic peripheral inflammation-whether mild (during aging and psychological stress) or severe (chronic inflammatory diseases)-clearly interferes with brain function, leading to disease sequelae like fatigue but also to overt psychiatric illness...
June 9, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597907/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-severely-fatigued-multiple-sclerosis-patients-a-waiting-list-controlled-study
#5
Alexandra E W Hoogerwerf, Yvonne Bol, Jill Lobbestael, Raymond Hupperts, Caroline M van Heugten
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is the most common symptom in multiple sclerosis. Evidence-based treatment options are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To study the feasibility and potential effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy in severely fatigued multiple sclerosis patients. METHODS: Non-randomized pilot study with a wai-ting list control period including 59 multiple sclerosis patients with severe fatigue. PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURE: fatigue severity subscale of the Checklist Individual Strength-20...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585932/plasma-rest-a-novel-candidate-biomarker-of-alzheimer-s-disease-is-modified-by-psychological-intervention-in-an-at-risk-population
#6
N J Ashton, A Hye, C A Leckey, A R Jones, A Gardner, C Elliott, J L Wetherell, E J Lenze, R Killick, N L Marchant
The repressor element 1-silencing transcription (REST) factor is a key regulator of the aging brain's stress response. It is reduced in conditions of stress and Alzheimer's disease (AD), which suggests that increasing REST may be neuroprotective. REST can be measured peripherally in blood plasma. Our study aimed to (1) examine plasma REST levels in relation to clinical and biological markers of neurodegeneration and (2) alter plasma REST levels through a stress-reduction intervention-mindfulness training. In study 1, REST levels were compared across the following four well-characterized groups: healthy elderly (n=65), mild cognitive impairment who remained stable (stable MCI, n=36), MCI who later converted to dementia (converter MCI, n=29) and AD (n=65) from the AddNeuroMed cohort...
June 6, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583904/a-cloud-based-virtual-reality-app-for-a-novel-telemindfulness-service-rationale-design-and-feasibility-evaluation
#7
Imre Cikajlo, Ursa Cizman Staba, Suzana Vrhovac, Frances Larkin, Mark Roddy
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, there has been a marked increase in stress and anxiety, also among patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Access to psychology services is limited, with some estimates suggesting that over 50% of sufferers are not accessing the existing services available to them for reasons such as inconvenience, embarrassment, or stigmatization concerns around mental health. Health service providers have increasingly been turning to drug-free therapies, such as mindfulness programs, as complementary treatments...
June 5, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573818/the-journey-between-brain-and-gut-a-systematic-review-of-psychological-mechanisms-of-treatment-effect-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#8
Sula Windgassen, Rona Moss-Morris, Joseph Chilcot, Alice Sibelli, Kimberley Goldsmith, Trudie Chalder
PURPOSE: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorder characterized by abdominal pain and altered bowel habits. It is estimated to affect 10-22% of the UK population. The use of psychological interventions in IBS is increasingly empirically supported, but little is known about the mechanism of psychological treatment approaches. The present systematic review aimed to investigate the mechanisms of psychological treatment approaches applied to IBS. METHODS: The systematic review included studies conducting mediation analysis in the context of psychological interventions for IBS, focusing on the outcomes of symptom severity and/or quality of life (QoL)...
June 1, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554366/is-psychotherapy-for-functional-somatic-syndromes-harmful-a-mixed-methods-study-on-negative-effects
#9
A F Holsting, H F Pedersen, M T Rask, L Frostholm, A Schröder
INTRODUCTION: Concern for negative effects of psychotherapy for functional somatic syndromes (FSS) has been expressed by clinicians and some patient associations, which may prevent patients from seeking treatment. Therefore, we sought to explore the occurrence and characteristics of negative effects from group-based psychotherapy as experienced by patients with severe or multiple FSS. METHODS: An adapted version of the explanatory sequential mixed methods design was applied...
July 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537422/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-program-on-chronic-low-back-pain-a-study-investigating-the-impact-on-endocrine-physical-and-psychologic-functioning
#10
Rita B Ardito, Piero Stanley Pirro, Tania S Re, Isabella Bonapace, Valentino Menardo, Emanuela Bruno, Laura Gianotti
OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact of the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program on pain severity and endocrine, physical, and psychologic functioning in patients with chronic low-back pain (CLBP). METHODS: A total of 28 participants were enrolled in the study between January and June 2014; 17 participants were sequentially sampled for an 8-week MBSR program, and 11 were placed on a waitlist control group. Pain severity, quality of life (QOL), global psychologic functioning, and depression were assessed at baseline, at the end of treatment, and 4-5 months post-treatment for both groups...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529544/complementary-and-alternative-interventions-for-fatigue-management-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#11
Gang-Zhu Xu, Yan-Feng Li, Mao-De Wang, Dong-Yuan Cao
BACKGROUND: We systematically reviewed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of complementary and alternative interventions for fatigue after traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: We searched multiple online sources including ClinicalTrials.gov, the Cochrane Library database, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, the Web of Science, AMED, PsychINFO, Toxline, ProQuest Digital Dissertations, PEDro, PsycBite, and the World Health Organization (WHO) trial registry, in addition to hand searching of grey literature...
May 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527330/home-practice-in-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-and-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-participants-mindfulness-practice-and-its-association-with-outcomes
#12
Christine E Parsons, Catherine Crane, Liam J Parsons, Lone Overby Fjorback, Willem Kuyken
Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) and Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) emphasize the importance of mindfulness practice at home as an integral part of the program. However, the extent to which participants complete their assigned practice is not yet clear, nor is it clear whether this practice is associated with positive outcomes. For this systematic review and meta-analysis, searches were performed using Scopus and PubMed for studies published through to the end of 2015, reporting on formal home practice of mindfulness by MBSR or MBCT participants...
May 10, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518101/using-wavelet-entropy-to-demonstrate-how-mindfulness-practice-increases-coordination-between-irregular-cerebral-and-cardiac-activities
#13
Hin Hung Sik, Junling Gao, Jicong Fan, Bonnie Wai Yan Wu, Hang Kin Leung, Yeung Sam Hung
In both the East and West, traditional teachings say that the mind and heart are somehow closely correlated, especially during spiritual practice. One difficulty in proving this objectively is that the natures of brain and heart activities are quite different. In this paper, we propose a methodology that uses wavelet entropy to measure the chaotic levels of both electroencephalogram (EEG) and electrocardiogram (ECG) data and show how this may be used to explore the potential coordination between the mind and heart under different experimental conditions...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511703/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Robert Simpson, Frances S Mair, Stewart W Mercer
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a stressful condition. Mental health comorbidity is common. Stress can increase the risk of depression, reduce quality of life (QOL), and possibly exacerbate disease activity in MS. Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) may help, but has been little studied in MS, particularly among more disabled individuals. METHODS: The objective of this study was to test the feasibility and likely effectiveness of a standard MBSR course for people with MS...
May 16, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506263/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#15
G McLean, M Lawrence, R Simpson, S W Mercer
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) is increasingly being used to improve outcomes such as stress and depression in a range of long-term conditions (LTCs). While systematic reviews on MBSR have taken place for a number of conditions there remains limited information on its impact on individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: Medline, Central, Embase, Amed, CINAHAL were searched in March 2016. These databases were searched using a combination of MeSH subject headings where available and keywords in the title and abstracts...
May 15, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501707/mechanisms-of-action-in-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-mbct-and-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-mbsr-in-people-with-physical-and-or-psychological-conditions-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Modi Alsubaie, Rebecca Abbott, Barnaby Dunn, Chris Dickens, Tina Frieda Keil, William Henley, Willem Kuyken
BACKGROUND: Recently, there has been an increased interest in studying the effects of mindfulness-based interventions for people with psychological and physical problems. However, the mechanisms of action in these interventions that lead to beneficial physical and psychological outcomes have yet to be clearly identified. PURPOSE: The aim of this paper is to review, systematically, the evidence to date on the mechanisms of action in mindfulness interventions in populations with physical and/or psychological conditions...
July 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486559/online-mindfulness-as-a-promising-method-to-improve-exercise-capacity-in-heart-disease-12-month-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Rinske A Gotink, John O Younge, Machteld F Wery, Elisabeth M W J Utens, Michelle Michels, Dimitris Rizopoulos, Liesbeth F C van Rossum, Jolien W Roos-Hesselink, Myriam M G Hunink
There is increasing evidence that mindfulness can reduce stress, and thereby affect other psychological and physiological outcomes as well. Earlier, we reported the direct 3-month results of an online modified mindfulness-based stress reduction training in patients with heart disease, and now we evaluate the effect at 12-month follow-up. 324 patients (mean age 43.2 years, 53.7% male) were randomized in a 2:1 ratio to additional 3-month online mindfulness training or to usual care alone. The primary outcome was exercise capacity measured with the 6 minute walk test (6MWT)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470371/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-breast-cancer-patients-a-mixed-method-study-on-what-patients-experience-as-a-suitable-stage-to-participate
#18
Else M Bisseling, Melanie P J Schellekens, Ellen T M Jansen, Hanneke W M van Laarhoven, Judith B Prins, Anne E M Speckens
PURPOSE: Breast cancer is associated with high levels of psychological distress. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) has proven to be effective in reducing distress in cancer patients. In several studies, patients who are currently undergoing somatic anticancer treatment are excluded from participating in MBSR. Little is known about what would be the most suitable stage of disease to offer MBSR. We examined whether stage of disease facilitated and/or hindered participation in MBSR for breast cancer patients...
May 4, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460534/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-effects-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-mbsr-bc-on-levels-of-inflammatory-biomarkers-among-recovering-breast-cancer-survivors
#19
Richard R Reich, Cecile A Lengacher, Thomas W Klein, Cathy Newton, Steve Shivers, Sophia Ramesar, Carissa B Alinat, Carly Paterson, Alice Le, Jong Y Park, Versie Johnson-Mallard, Maya Elias, Manolete Moscoso, Matthew Goodman, Kevin E Kip
PURPOSE: The purpose of this substudy of a large randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the efficacy of the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (Breast Cancer) (MBSR[BC]) program compared to usual care (UC) in normalizing blood levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines among breast cancer survivors (BCS). METHOD: A total of 322 BCS were randomized to either a 6-week MBSR(BC) program or a UC. At baseline and 6 and 12 weeks, 10 ml of venous blood and demographic and clinical data were collected and/or updated...
January 1, 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458503/trauma-sensitive-yoga-as-a-complementary-treatment-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-qualitative-descriptive-analysis
#20
Jennifer West, Belle Liang, Joseph Spinazzola
Research on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and chronic childhood abuse has revealed that traditional trauma treatments often fail to fully address the complicated symptom presentation, including the somatic complaints, loss of awareness of one's emotional and physical being in the present moment, and overall lack of integration between the self and the body. The mindfulness-based intervention of hatha yoga shows promise as a complementary treatment, and focuses on personal growth in addition to symptom reduction...
May 2017: International Journal of Stress Management
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