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Mindfulness-based stress reduction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421677/mindfulness-and-its-efficacy-for-psychological-and-biological-responses-in-women-with-breast-cancer
#1
Elisabeth Kenne Sarenmalm, Lena B Mårtensson, Bengt A Andersson, Per Karlsson, Ingrid Bergh
Many breast cancer survivors have to deal with a variety of psychological and physiological sequelae including impaired immune responses. The primary purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to determine the efficacy of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) intervention for mood disorders in women with breast cancer. Secondary outcomes were symptom experience, health status, coping capacity, mindfulness, posttraumatic growth, and immune status. This RTC assigned 166 women with breast cancer to one of three groups: MBSR (8 weekly group sessions of MBSR), active controls (self-instructing MBSR) and non-MBSR...
April 18, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412558/relationship-of-mindful-awareness-to-neural-processing-of-angry-faces-and-impact-of-mindfulness-training-a-pilot-investigation
#2
Athene K W Lee, David A Gansler, Nanyin Zhang, Matthew W Jerram, Jean A King, Carl Fulwiler
Mindfulness is paying attention, non-judgmentally, to experience in the moment. Mindfulness training reduces depression and anxiety and influences neural processes in midline self-referential and lateralized somatosensory and executive networks. Although mindfulness benefits emotion regulation, less is known about its relationship to anger and the corresponding neural correlates. This study examined the relationship of mindful awareness and brain hemodynamics of angry face processing, and the impact of mindfulness training...
April 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342990/telephone-adapted-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-tmbsr-for-patients-awaiting-kidney-transplantation
#3
Cynthia R Gross, Maryanne Reilly-Spong, Taehwan Park, Ruizhi Zhao, Olga V Gurvich, Hassan N Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Patients with progressive kidney disease experience increasing physiologic and psychosocial stressors and declining health-related quality of life (HRQOL). METHODS: We conducted a randomized, active-controlled, open-label trial to test whether a Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program delivered in a novel workshop-teleconference format would reduce symptoms and improve HRQOL in patients awaiting kidney transplantation. Sixty-three transplant candidates were randomized to one of two arms: i) telephone-adapted MBSR (tMBSR, an 8-week program of meditation and yoga); or ii) a telephone-based support group (tSupport)...
March 22, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342404/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-may-be-equally-effective-in-reducing-anxiety-and-depression-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#4
Bram B Sizoo, Erik Kuiper
Anxiety and depression co-occur in 50-70% of adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) but treatment methods for these comorbid problems have not been systematically studied. Recently, two ASD-tailored protocols were published: mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) and cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). We wanted to investigate if both methods are equally effective in reducing anxiety and depression symptoms among adults with ASD. 59 adults with ASD and anxiety or depression scores above 7 on the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, gave informed consent to participate; 27 followed the CBT protocol, and 32 the MBSR treatment protocol...
March 22, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337821/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-added-to-care-as-usual-for-lung-cancer-patients-and-or-their-partners-a-multi-centre-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
M P J Schellekens, D G M van den Hurk, J B Prins, A R T Donders, J Molema, R Dekhuijzen, M A van der Drift, A E M Speckens
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer patients report among the highest distress rates of all cancer patients. Partners report similar distress rates. The present study examined the effectiveness of additional Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (CAU + MBSR) versus solely care as usual (CAU) to reduce psychological distress in lung cancer patients and/or their partners. METHODS: We performed a multicentre, parallel-group, randomized controlled trial. MBSR is an 8-week group-based intervention, including mindfulness practice and teachings on stress...
March 23, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314552/effects-of-mindfulness-meditation-on-occupational-functioning-and-health-care-utilization-in-individuals-with-anxiety
#6
Elizabeth A Hoge, Brittany M Guidos, Mihriye Mete, Eric Bui, Mark H Pollack, Naomi M Simon, Mary Ann Dutton
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of mindfulness meditation on occupational functioning in individuals with Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). METHODS: Fifty-seven individuals with GAD (mean (SD) age=39 (13); 56% women) participated in an 8-week clinical trial in which they were randomized to mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) or an attention control class. In this secondary analysis, absenteeism, entire workdays missed, partial workdays missed, and healthcare utilization patterns were assessed before and after treatment...
April 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278589/assessment-and-treatment-of-mental-fatigue-after-a-traumatic-brain-injury
#7
Birgitta Johansson, Lars Rönnbäck
Mental fatigue is a frequently occurring symptom after mild, moderate or severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Such mental fatigue may become a long-lasting problem, irrespective of severity and even after recovery from other neurological or psychiatric symptoms. Two characteristics of this mental fatigue are that patients easily become exhausted and there is generally a long recovery time. There is a need to increase knowledge and awareness of mental fatigue as it interferes considerably with work, studies, and social activities...
March 1, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229508/meditation-training-for-people-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
F Pagnini, A Marconi, A Tagliaferri, G M Manzoni, R Gatto, V Fabiani, G Gragnano, G Rossi, E Volpato, P Banfi, A Palmieri, F Graziano, G Castelnuovo, M Corbo, E Molinari, N Riva, V Sansone, C Lunetta
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Studies investigating psychological interventions for the promotion of well-being in people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are lacking. The purpose of the current study was to examine the use of an ALS-specific mindfulness-based intervention for improving quality of life in this population. METHODS: A randomized, open-label and controlled clinical trial was conducted on the efficacy of an ALS-specific meditation programme in promoting quality of life...
February 23, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196244/two-year-follow-up-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-vs-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-or-usual-care-for-chronic-low-back-pain
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Daniel C Cherkin, Melissa L Anderson, Karen J Sherman, Benjamin H Balderson, Andrea J Cook, Kelly E Hansen, Judith A Turner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192793/nonpharmacologic-therapies-for-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-for-an-american-college-of-physicians-clinical-practice-guideline
#10
Roger Chou, Richard Deyo, Janna Friedly, Andrea Skelly, Robin Hashimoto, Melissa Weimer, Rochelle Fu, Tracy Dana, Paul Kraegel, Jessica Griffin, Sara Grusing, Erika D Brodt
Background: A 2007 American College of Physicians guideline addressed nonpharmacologic treatment options for low back pain. New evidence is now available. Purpose: To systematically review the current evidence on nonpharmacologic therapies for acute or chronic nonradicular or radicular low back pain. Data Sources: Ovid MEDLINE (January 2008 through February 2016), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and reference lists...
April 4, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192789/noninvasive-treatments-for-acute-subacute-and-chronic-low-back-pain-a-clinical-practice-guideline-from-the-american-college-of-physicians
#11
Amir Qaseem, Timothy J Wilt, Robert M McLean, Mary Ann Forciea
Description: The American College of Physicians (ACP) developed this guideline to present the evidence and provide clinical recommendations on noninvasive treatment of low back pain. Methods: Using the ACP grading system, the committee based these recommendations on a systematic review of randomized, controlled trials and systematic reviews published through April 2015 on noninvasive pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments for low back pain. Updated searches were performed through November 2016...
April 4, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191264/mindfulness-based-relapse-prevention-for-stimulant-dependent-adults-a-pilot-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Suzette Glasner-Edwards, Larissa J Mooney, Alfonso Ang, Hélène Chokron Garneau, Emily Hartwell, Mary-Lynn Brecht, Richard A Rawson
In light of the known associations between stress, negative affect, and relapse, mindfulness strategies hold promise as a means of reducing relapse susceptibility. In a pilot randomized clinical trial, we evaluated the effects of Mindfulness Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP), relative to a health education control condition (HE) among stimulant dependent adults receiving contingency management. All participants received a 12-week contingency management (CM) intervention. Following a 4-week CM-only lead in phase, participants were randomly assigned to concurrently receive MBRP (n=31) or HE (n=32)...
February 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183071/effects-of-mind-sound-resonance-technique-yogic-relaxation-on-psychological-states-sleep-quality-and-cognitive-functions-in-female-teachers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Manas Rao, Kashinath G Metri, Nagaratna Raghuram, Nagendra R Hongasandra
Context • Several studies have revealed a high rate of physical and psychological problems from stress among schoolteachers. Yoga is one of the mind-body interventions known to alleviate stress and effects. The mind sound resonance technique (MSRT), a yoga-based, mindfulness relaxation is recognized as having a positive influence on physical and psychological health. Objectives • The study intended to examine the effects of an MSRT intervention for 1 mo on perceived stress, quality of sleep, cognitive function, state and trait anxiety, psychological distress, and fatigue among female teachers...
January 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162312/-505-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-mbsr-for-adolescents-with-chronic-pain-a-pilot-study
#14
A Ali, T Weiss, A Dutton, A Hua, K Jones, S Kashikar-Zuck, W Silverman, E Shapiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134483/salute-to-the-sun-a-new-dawn-in-yoga-therapy-for-breast-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Melissa Galliford, Stephanie Robinson, Pete Bridge, MaryAnn Carmichael
INTRODUCTION: Interest in the application of yoga for health benefits in western medicine is growing rapidly, with a significant rise in publications. The purpose of this systematic review is to determine whether the inclusion of yoga therapy to the treatment of breast cancer can improve the patient's physical and psychosocial quality of life (QoL). METHODS: A search of peer reviewed journal articles published between January 2009 and July 2014 was conducted. Studies were included if they had more than 15 study participants, included interventions such as mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) or yoga therapy with or without comparison groups and had stated physical or psychological outcomes...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131433/the-effect-of-mindfulness-meditation-training-on-biological-acute-stress-responses-in-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#16
Elizabeth A Hoge, Eric Bui, Sophie A Palitz, Noah R Schwarz, Maryann E Owens, Jennifer M Johnston, Mark H Pollack, Naomi M Simon
Mindfulness-Based interventions have increased in popularity in psychiatry, but the impact of these treatments on disorder-relevant biomarkers would greatly enhance efficacy and mechanistic evidence. If Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is successfully treated, relevant biomarkers should change, supporting the impact of treatment and suggesting improved resilience to stress. Seventy adults with GAD were randomized to receive either Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) or an attention control class; before and after, they underwent the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST)...
January 25, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129680/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-mbsr-and-its-effects-on-psychoimmunological-factors-of-chemically-pulmonary-injured-veterans
#17
Zahra Arefnasab, Abdolreza Babamahmoodi, Farhang Babamahmoodi, Ahmad Ali Noorbala, Ahmad Alipour, Yunes Panahi, Jamal Shams, Farhad Riazi Rad, Vahid Khaze, Mostafa Ghanei
Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR) is a treatment program for relieving stress and coping with chronic illnesses. In recent three decades, studies have shown that MBSR has a positive effect on physical and psychological dimensions of chronic illnesses. Chemically pulmonary injured veterans have chronic pulmonary and psychological problems due to mustard gas exposure and complications of Iran-Iraq war. These stresses have negative effects on their general health and immune system. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study conducted on psychoneuroimmunology and MBSR in these patients...
December 2016: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121650/effects-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-on-the-mental-health-of-clinical-clerkship-students-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Inge van Dijk, Peter L B J Lucassen, Reinier P Akkermans, Baziel G M van Engelen, Chris van Weel, Anne E M Speckens
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of mindfulness-based stress reduction training (MBSR) on the mental health of medical students during clinical clerkships. METHOD: Between February 2011 and May 2014, the authors conducted a cluster-randomized controlled trial of clerkships as usual (CAU) and clerkships with additional MBSR in medical students during their first year of clinical clerkships at a Dutch university medical center. MBSR consisted of eight weekly two-hour sessions, comprising didactic teaching, meditation exercises, and group dialogues...
January 24, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108059/self-views-in-social-anxiety-disorder-the-impact-of-cbt-versus-mbsr
#19
Matthew D Thurston, Philippe Goldin, Richard Heimberg, James J Gross
This study examines the impact of Cognitive-Behavioral Group Therapy (CBGT) versus Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) versus Waitlist (WL) on self-views in patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD). One hundred eight unmedicated patients with SAD were randomly assigned to 12 weeks of CBGT, MBSR, or WL, and completed a self-referential encoding task (SRET) that assessed self-endorsement of positive and negative self-views pre- and post-treatment. At baseline, 40 healthy controls (HCs) also completed the SRET...
April 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103700/the-effects-of-mindfulness-based-interventions-for-health-and-social-care-undergraduate-students-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#20
Michelle O'Driscoll, Stephen Byrne, Aoife Mc Gillicuddy, Sharon Lambert, Laura J Sahm
Health and social care undergraduate students experience stress due to high workloads and pressure to perform. Consequences include depression and burnout. Mindfulness may be a suitable way to reduce stress in health and social care degree courses. The objective of this systematic review is to identify and critically appraise the literature on the effects of Mindfulness-Based Interventions for health and social care undergraduate students. PubMed, EMBASE, Psych Info, CINAHL, The Cochrane Library and Academic Search Complete were searched from inception to 21st November 2016...
January 19, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
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