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Mindfulness-based stress reduction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220782/mindfulness-based-interventions-for-chronic-pain-evidence-and-applications
#1
REVIEW
Muhammad Hassan Majeed, Ali Ahsan Ali, Donna M Sudak
Chronic pain is estimated to occur in from 5.5% to 33% of the world's adult population (Gureje et al., 1998). Chronic pain is frequently treated with opiates, which has produced an opiate addiction crisis (Dowell et al., 2016). Several non-pharmacological treatment alternatives can help manage chronic pain. There is moderate evidence that mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) such as meditation, yoga, and stress reduction lower the perception of pain, increase mobility, improve functioning and well-being. By integrating MBIs and other therapeutic interventions in a multi-disciplinary pain management plan, clinicians can improve treatment outcomes and potentially decrease pain-related medication utilization...
December 5, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211754/testing-the-mindfulness-to-meaning-theory-evidence-for-mindful-positive-emotion-regulation-from-a-reanalysis-of-longitudinal-data
#2
Eric L Garland, Adam W Hanley, Phillipe R Goldin, James J Gross
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The Mindfulness to Meaning Theory (MMT) provides a detailed process model of mindful positive emotion regulation. DESIGN: We conducted a post-hoc reanalysis of longitudinal data (N = 107) derived from a RCT of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) versus cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for social anxiety disorder to model the core constructs of the MMT (attentional control, decentering, broadened awareness, reappraisal, and positive affect) in a multivariate path analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201248/a-qualitative-study-with-healthcare-staff-exploring-the-facilitators-and-barriers-to-engaging-in-a-self-help-mindfulness-based-intervention
#3
Moitree Banerjee, Kate Cavanagh, Clara Strauss
In order to increase the cost-efficiency, availability and ease of accessing and delivering mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs), clinical and research interest in mindfulness-based self-help (MBSH) interventions has increased in recent years. Several studies have shown promising results of effectiveness of MBSH. However, like all self-help interventions, dropout rates and disengagement from MBSH are high. The current study explored the facilitators and barriers of engaging in a MBSH intervention. Semi-structured interviews with members of healthcare staff who took part in an MBSH intervention (n = 16) were conducted...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187408/review-of-systematic-reviews-of-non-pharmacological-interventions-to-improve-quality-of-life-in-cancer-survivors
#4
Morvwen Duncan, Elisavet Moschopoulou, Eldrid Herrington, Jennifer Deane, Rebecca Roylance, Louise Jones, Liam Bourke, Adrienne Morgan, Trudie Chalder, Mohamed A Thaha, Stephanie C Taylor, Ania Korszun, Peter D White, Kamaldeep Bhui
OBJECTIVES: Over two million people in the UK are living with and beyond cancer. A third report diminished quality of life. DESIGN: A review of published systematic reviews to identify effective non-pharmacological interventions to improve the quality of life of cancer survivors. DATA SOURCES: Databases searched until May 2017 included PubMed, Cochrane Central, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Web of Science, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and PsycINFO...
November 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185375/the-effects-of-family-based-mindfulness-intervention-on-adhd-symptomology-in-young-children-and-their-parents-a-randomized-control-trial
#5
Herman H M Lo, Simpson W L Wong, Janet Y H Wong, Jerf W K Yeung, Eline Snel, Samuel Y S Wong
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to investigate the feasibility of a family-based mindfulness intervention in improving children with inattention and hyperactivity symptoms. METHOD: A total of 100 children aged 5 to 7 years with ADHD symptoms and their parents were randomly assigned to a family-based mindfulness intervention ( n = 50) or a wait-list control group ( n = 50). RESULTS: Families from intervention group had greater improvements in children's ADHD symptoms, with medium effect sizes of -0...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179137/group-metacognitive-therapy-vs-mindfulness-meditation-therapy-in-a-transdiagnostic-patient-sample-a-randomised-feasibility-trial
#6
Lora Capobianco, David Reeves, Anthony P Morrison, Adrian Wells
Two transdiagnostic therapies for treating psychological disorder are Metacognitive Therapy (MCT) and Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR). These two approaches have yet to be compared and therefore the current study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of a study of group MCT and MBSR in treating anxiety and depression. A feasibility trial with 40 participants (aged 19-56) was conducted. Patients were randomly assigned to receive either eight weeks of group MCT or MBSR. The primary outcome was feasibility which included recruitment rates, retention and treatment acceptability...
November 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172933/evaluation-of-a-web-based-holistic-stress-reduction-pilot-program-among-nurse-midwives
#7
Erin M Wright
PURPOSE: Work-related stress among midwives results in secondary traumatic stress, posttraumatic stress disorder, and job attrition. The purpose of this pilot project was to evaluate the effectiveness of a holistic, web-based program using holistic modalities for stress reduction and improved coping among certified nurse-midwives. DESIGN AND METHOD: A convenience sample of 10 midwives participated in a web-based holistic stress reduction intervention using yoga, mindfulness-based stress reduction, and meditation for four days each week over 4 weeks...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159589/the-effect-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-on-wound-healing-a-preliminary-study
#8
Astrid Meesters, Yvo M C In den Bosch-Meevissen, Chantal A H Weijzen, Wim A Buurman, Mario Losen, Jan Schepers, Monique R T M Thissen, Hugo J E M Alberts, Casper G Schalkwijk, Madelon L Peters
Psychological factors have been shown to influence the process of wound healing. This study examined the effect of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) on the speed of wound healing. The local production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and growth factors was studied as potential underlying mechanism. Forty-nine adults were randomly allocated to a waiting-list control group (n = 26) or an 8-week MBSR group (n = 23). Pre- and post-intervention/waiting period assessment for both groups consisted of questionnaires...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154064/living-with-chronic-pain-evaluating-patient-experiences-with-a-medical-group-visit-focused-on-mindfulness-and-non-pharmacological-strategies
#9
Anna Sophia Lestoquoy, Lance D Laird, Suzanne Mitchell, Katherine Gergen-Barnett, N Lily Negash, Kelly McCue, Racquel Enad, Paula Gardiner
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the acceptance of non-pharmacological group strategies delivered to low income racially diverse patients with chronic pain and depression. This paper examines how the Integrative Medical Group Visit (IMGV) addresses many of the deficits identified with usual care. DESIGN AND SETTING: Six IMGVs cohorts were held at a safety net hospital and two federally funded community health centres. Data was gathered through focus groups. Transcripts were analysed using both a priori codes and inductive coding...
December 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145076/veterans-group-exercise-a-randomized-pilot-trial-of-an-integrative-exercise-program-for-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress
#10
Lizabeth A Goldstein, Wolf E Mehling, Thomas J Metzler, Beth E Cohen, Deborah E Barnes, Gerard J Choucroun, Aliza Silver, Lisa S Talbot, Shira Maguen, Jennifer A Hlavin, Margaret A Chesney, Thomas C Neylan
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is prevalent among military veterans and is associated with significant negative health outcomes. However, stigma and other barriers to care prevent many veterans from pursuing traditional mental health treatment. We developed a group-based Integrative Exercise (IE) program combining aerobic and resistance exercise, which is familiar to veterans, with mindfulness-based practices suited to veterans with PTSD. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of IE on PTSD symptom severity and quality of life, as well as assess the feasibility and acceptability of IE...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122265/a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-a-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-course-for-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Kelly Birtwell, Linda Dubrow-Marshall, Rod Dubrow-Marshall, Tim Duerden, Annette Dunn
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of an 8-week Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction course (MBSR) on people with Parkinson's disease who experienced depression, anxiety, stress or difficulty coping with Parkinson's. METHODS: Thirteen participants were recruited and six completed the full MBSR course. Data were analysed using repeated measures analysis of variance and thematic analysis. RESULTS: There were significant improvements in levels of depression, anxiety and stress at weeks eight and sixteen, as measured by the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale, short version (DASS-21)...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114555/effectiveness-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-on-emotion-regulation-and-test-anxiety-in-female-high-school-students
#12
Shokooh Shahidi, Hossein Akbari, Fatemeh Zargar
BACKGROUND: Test anxiety is one of the most disabling disorders and annual school academic performance will affect millions of students. Hence, it needs attention and treatment. Therefore, this research aimed to examine the effectiveness of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) therapy on emotion regulation and test anxiety of students and test the remaining effect of this treatment after 3 month. METHODS: Sample size of fifty participants randomly divided into experimental (MBSR) and control groups...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113526/mindfulness-interventions-in-medical-education-a-systematic-review-of-their-impact-on-medical-student-stress-depression-fatigue-and-burnout
#13
Zahra Daya, Jasmine Heath Hearn
INTRODUCTION: Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have gained popularity in medical education. A systematic review was conducted to determine the effectiveness of MBIs for reducing psychological distress in undergraduate medical students. METHODS: A search protocol was conducted using online databases Embase, PubMed, PsycINFO, and MEDLINE. Articles were required to meet the following criteria to be included: (1) describe a MBI or use of mindfulness exercises as part of an intervention, (2) include at least one of: stress, burnout, fatigue, or depression, as an outcome, (3) include quantitative outcomes, and (4) published in English in a peer-reviewed journal...
November 7, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080597/mindfulness-based-interventions-for-anxiety-and-depression
#14
REVIEW
Stefan G Hofmann, Angelina F Gómez
This article reviews the ways in which mindfulness practices have contributed to cognitive and behavioral treatments for depression and anxiety. Research on mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) has increased rapidly in the past decade. The most common include mindfulness-based stress reduction and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy. MBIs are effective in reducing anxiety and depression symptom severity in a range of individuals. MBIs consistently outperform non-evidence-based treatments and active control conditions, such as health education, relaxation training, and supportive psychotherapy...
December 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078735/a-mindful-approach-to-diabetes-self-management-education-and-support-for-veterans
#15
Monica DiNardo, Shaddy Saba, Carol M Greco, Lauren Broyles, Lauren Terhorst, Eileen R Chasens, Brandi Bair, Denise Charron-Prochownik, Susan Cohen
Purpose The purpose of this study is to determine feasibility, satisfaction, and preliminary effects of Mindful Stress Reduction in Diabetes Education (Mind-STRIDE), a mindfulness-based intervention for veterans. Methods The study used a single-group pretest-posttest repeated-measures design. The 90-minute Mind-STRIDE training, adapted from Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR), was provided as the final component of a half-day diabetes self-management education class at a Veterans Affairs (VA) outpatient diabetes clinic...
December 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069540/methods-for-alleviating-stress-and-increasing-resilience-in-the-midwifery-community-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
Erin M Wright, Maude Theo Matthai, Nicole Warren
INTRODUCTION: Work-related stress and exposure to traumatic birth have deleterious impacts on midwifery practice, the midwife's physiologic well-being, and the midwifery workforce. This is a global phenomenon, and the specific sources of this stress vary dependent on practice setting. This scoping review aims to determine which, if any, modalities help to reduce stress and increase resilience among a population of midwives. METHODS: A scoping review of the literature published between January 2011 and September 2016 using PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, PsycINFO, and Cochrane databases was performed...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067834/mindfulness-instruction-for-hiv-infected-youth-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Lindsey Webb, Carisa Perry-Parrish, Jonathan Ellen, Erica Sibinga
HIV-infected youth experience many stressors, including stress related to their illness, which can negatively impact their mental and physical health. Therefore, there is a significant need to identify potentially effective interventions to improve stress management, coping, and self-regulation. The object of the study was to assess the effect of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program compared to an active control group on psychological symptoms and HIV disease management in youth utilizing a randomized controlled trial...
October 25, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064772/reducing-diabetes-distress-and-improving-self-management-with-mindfulness
#18
Robin R Whitebird, Mary Jo Kreitzer, Gabriela Vazquez-Benitez, Chris J Enstad
Stress associated with diabetes makes managing diabetes harder. We investigated whether mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) could reduce diabetes distress and improve management. We recruited 38 participants to complete an MBSR program. Surveys and lab values were completed at baseline and post-intervention. Participants showed significant improvement in diabetes-related distress (Cohen's d -.71, p < .002), psychosocial self-efficacy (Cohen's d .80, p < .001), and glucose control (Cohen's d -...
October 24, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057017/the-shape-of-change-in-perceived-stress-negative-affect-and-stress-sensitivity-during-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction
#19
Evelien Snippe, John J Dziak, Stephanie T Lanza, Ivan Nyklíček, Marieke Wichers
Both daily stress and the tendency to react to stress with heightened levels of negative affect (i.e., stress sensitivity) are important vulnerability factors for adverse mental health outcomes. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) may help to reduce perceived daily stress and stress sensitivity. The purpose of this study was to examine how change in perceived stress, negative affect (NA), and the decoupling between perceived stress and NA evolved over the course of a MBSR program, without making any a priori assumptions on the shape of change...
June 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040891/acceptance-lowers-stress-reactivity-dismantling-mindfulness-training-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Emily K Lindsay, Shinzen Young, Joshua M Smyth, Kirk Warren Brown, J David Creswell
OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness interventions, which train practitioners to monitor their present-moment experience with a lens of acceptance, are known to buffer stress reactivity. Little is known about the active mechanisms driving these effects. We theorize that acceptance is a critical emotion regulation mechanism underlying mindfulness stress reduction effects. METHOD: In this three-arm parallel trial, mindfulness components were dismantled into three structurally equivalent 15-lesson smartphone-based interventions: (1) training in both monitoring and acceptance (Monitor+Accept), (2) training in monitoring only (Monitor Only), or (3) active control training (Coping control)...
October 8, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
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