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Mindfulness-based stress reduction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721742/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults-with-memory-complaints-a-mixed-methods-study
#1
Lotte Berk, Rafke Hotterbeekx, Jim van Os, Martin van Boxtel
OBJECTIVES: In a rapidly aging world population, an increasingly large group faces age-related decline in cognitive functioning. Cognitive complaints of older adults are often related to worries and concerns associated with age-related functional decline. Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) can successfully target stress, worry and ruminative thinking, but the applicability of this method in middle-aged and older adults with memory complaints is unclear. METHOD: Patients of a university hospital memory clinic (n = 13), aged 45-85 years, with memory complaints but no diagnosis of cognitive disorder, participated in a standard 8-week MBSR program, consisting of weekly group meetings and a one-day silent retreat...
July 19, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702717/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-and-group-support-decrease-stress-in-adolescents-with-cardiac-diagnoses-a-randomized-two-group-study
#2
Vicki A Freedenberg, Pamela S Hinds, Erika Friedmann
Adolescents with cardiac diagnoses face unique challenges that can cause psychosocial distress. This study compares a Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program to a video online support group for adolescents with cardiac diagnoses. MBSR is a structured psycho-educational program which includes yoga, meditation, cognitive restructuring, and group support. A published feasibility study by our group showed significant reduction in anxiety following this intervention. Participants were randomized to MBSR or video online support group, and completed measures of anxiety, depression, illness-related stress, and coping pre- and post-6-session interventions...
July 12, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694675/changes-in-psychosocial-well-being-after-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Renee J Hill, Lindsey C McKernan, Li Wang, Rogelio A Coronado
Objectives: The primary purpose of the current study was to assess the effects of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program, facilitated by non-psychologist clinicians, for improving psychosocial well-being. A secondary purpose of the current study was to explore the role of self-compassion as a potential underlying factor for improvements in emotional distress. Application of these findings to a physical therapy setting is provided. Methods: One hundred and thirty participants with a variety of medical complaints completed an eight-week MBSR program at Vanderbilt University's Osher Center for Integrative Medicine...
July 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692014/effect-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-training-on-health-care-worker-safety-a-randomized-waitlist-controlled-trial
#4
Morgan Anne Valley, Lorann Stallones
OBJECTIVE: The study assessed the impact of mindfulness training on occupational safety of hospital health care workers. METHODS: The study used a randomized waitlist-controlled trial design to test the effect of an 8-week mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) course on self-reported health care worker safety outcomes, measured at baseline, postintervention, and 6 months later. RESULTS: Twenty-three hospital health care workers participated in the study (11 in immediate intervention group; 12 in waitlist control group)...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686822/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-older-adults-with-stress-disorders-and-neurocognitive-difficulties-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Julie Loebach Wetherell, Tamara Hershey, Steven Hickman, Susan R Tate, David Dixon, Emily S Bower, Eric J Lenze
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether neurocognitive performance and clinical outcomes can be enhanced by a mindfulness intervention in older adults with stress disorders and cognitive complaints. To explore decreased hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity as a possible mechanism. METHODS: 103 adults aged 65 years or older with an anxiety or depressive disorder (diagnosed according to DSM-IV criteria) and subjective neurocognitive difficulties were recruited in St...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686520/mindfulness-based-interventions-for-women-with-breast-cancer-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Heidemarie Haller, María M Winkler, Petra Klose, Gustav Dobos, Sherko Kümmel, Holger Cramer
BACKGROUND: The aim of this meta-analysis was to systematically update the evidence for mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) in women with breast cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In October 2016, PubMed, Scopus, and Central were searched for randomized controlled trials on MBSR/MBCT in breast cancer patients. The primary outcome was health-related quality of life. Secondary outcomes were fatigue, sleep stress, depression, anxiety, and safety...
July 7, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686006/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-in-women-with-overweight-or-obesity-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Nazia Raja-Khan, Katrina Agito, Julie Shah, Christy M Stetter, Theresa S Gustafson, Holly Socolow, Allen R Kunselman, Diane K Reibel, Richard S Legro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and cardiometabolic effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) in women with overweight or obesity. METHODS: Eighty-six women with BMI ≥ 25 kg/m(2) were randomized to 8 weeks of MBSR or health education and followed for 16 weeks. The primary outcome was the Toronto Mindfulness Scale. Secondary outcomes included the Perceived Stress Scale-10, fasting glucose, and blood pressure. RESULTS: Compared to health education, the MBSR group demonstrated significantly improved mindfulness at 8 weeks (mean change from baseline, 4...
July 7, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681962/systematic-review-of-management-of-chronic-pain-after-surgery
#8
REVIEW
V Wylde, J Dennis, A D Beswick, J Bruce, C Eccleston, N Howells, T J Peters, R Gooberman-Hill
BACKGROUND: Pain present for at least 3 months after a surgical procedure is considered chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) and affects 10-50 per cent of patients. Interventions for CPSP may focus on the underlying condition that indicated surgery, the aetiology of new-onset pain or be multifactorial in recognition of the diverse causes of this pain. The aim of this systematic review was to identify RCTs of interventions for the management of CPSP, and synthesize data across treatment type to estimate their effectiveness and safety...
July 6, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665541/feasibility-of-the-mobile-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-breast-cancer-mmbsr-bc-program-for-symptom-improvement-among-breast-cancer-survivors
#9
Cecile A Lengacher, Richard R Reich, Sophia Ramesar, Carissa B Alinat, Manolete Moscoso, Lakeshia Cousin, Victoria R Marino, Maya N Elias, Carly L Paterson, Carmen S Rodriguez, Hsiao-Lan Wang, Kevin E Kip, Hongdao Meng, Jong Y Park
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study was to test the feasibility of delivering the mobile Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Breast Cancer (mMBSR(BC)) program using an iPad and to evaluate its impact on symptom improvement. METHODS: A single group, pre-posttest design was implemented among female stages 0-III breast cancer survivors (BCS) who completed treatment. Data were collected at baseline and week 6 on measures of psychological and physical symptoms and quality of life...
June 30, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661195/optimising-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#10
Robert Simpson, Sharon Byrne, Karen Wood, Frances S Mair, Stewart W Mercer
Objectives To gather views from patients with multiple sclerosis after completing a standard eight-week mindfulness-based stress reduction course and optimise and test a modified version as required. Methods Two successive groups of 25 multiple sclerosis patients received mindfulness-based stress reduction in a wait-list randomised controlled trial. Seventeen participants and two mindfulness-based stress reduction instructors were individually interviewed after the first (standard) course and 16 participants and the same two instructors were interviewed following the second (optimised) course...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654771/trajectories-of-social-anxiety-cognitive-reappraisal-and-mindfulness-during-an-rct-of-cbgt-versus-mbsr-for-social-anxiety-disorder
#11
Philippe R Goldin, Amanda S Morrison, Hooria Jazaieri, Richard G Heimberg, James J Gross
Cognitive-Behavioral Group Therapy (CBGT) and Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) are efficacious in treating social anxiety disorder (SAD). It is not yet clear, however, whether they share similar trajectories of change and underlying mechanisms in the context of SAD. This randomized controlled study of 108 unmedicated adults with generalized SAD investigated the impact of CBGT vs. MBSR on trajectories of social anxiety, cognitive reappraisal, and mindfulness during 12 weeks of treatment. CBGT and MBSR produced similar trajectories showing decreases in social anxiety and increases in reappraisal (changing the way of thinking) and mindfulness (mindful attitude)...
June 3, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615157/designing-prototyping-and-evaluating-digital-mindfulness-applications-a-case-study-of-mindful-breathing-for-stress-reduction
#12
Bin Zhu, Anders Hedman, Shuo Feng, Haibo Li, Walter Osika
BACKGROUND: During the past decade, there has been a rapid increase of interactive apps designed for health and well-being. Yet, little research has been published on developing frameworks for design and evaluation of digital mindfulness facilitating technologies. Moreover, many existing digital mindfulness applications are purely software based. There is room for further exploration and assessment of designs that make more use of physical qualities of artifacts. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to develop and test a new physical digital mindfulness prototype designed for stress reduction...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609411/effects-of-a-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-program-on-the-physical-and-psychological-status-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-metastatic-breast-cancer
#13
Chung Eun Lee, Sanghee Kim, Sue Kim, Hye Myung Joo, Soohyeon Lee
This nonequivalent control group pre-/posttest study investigated the effectiveness of a mindfulness-based stress reduction program at improving both the physical status and psychological status of 18 patients with metastatic breast cancer. The mindfulness-based stress reduction program had a mild effect of improving average pain and alleviating distress.
July 2017: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608774/parent-perspectives-of-applying-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-strategies-to-special-education
#14
Meghan M Burke, Neilson Chan, Cameron L Neece
Parents of children with (versus without) intellectual and developmental disabilities report greater stress; such stress may be exacerbated by dissatisfaction with school services, poor parent-school partnerships, and the need for parent advocacy. Increasingly, mindfulness interventions have been used to reduce parent stress. However, it is unclear whether parents apply mindfulness strategies during the special education process to reduce school-related stress. To investigate whether mindfulness may reduce school-related stress, interviews were conducted with 26 parents of children with intellectual and developmental disabilities who completed a mindfulness-based stress reduction intervention...
June 2017: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600777/psychoneuroimmunology-developments-in-stress-research
#15
REVIEW
Rainer H Straub, Maurizio Cutolo
Links between the central nervous stress system and peripheral immune cells in lymphoid organs have been detailed through 50 years of intensive research. The brain can interfere with the immune system, where chronic psychological stress inhibits many functions of the immune system. On the other hand, chronic peripheral inflammation-whether mild (during aging and psychological stress) or severe (chronic inflammatory diseases)-clearly interferes with brain function, leading to disease sequelae like fatigue but also to overt psychiatric illness...
June 9, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597907/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-severely-fatigued-multiple-sclerosis-patients-a-waiting-list-controlled-study
#16
Alexandra E W Hoogerwerf, Yvonne Bol, Jill Lobbestael, Raymond Hupperts, Caroline M van Heugten
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is the most common symptom in multiple sclerosis. Evidence-based treatment options are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To study the feasibility and potential effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy in severely fatigued multiple sclerosis patients. METHODS: Non-randomized pilot study with a wai-ting list control period including 59 multiple sclerosis patients with severe fatigue. PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURE: fatigue severity subscale of the Checklist Individual Strength-20...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585932/plasma-rest-a-novel-candidate-biomarker-of-alzheimer-s-disease-is-modified-by-psychological-intervention-in-an-at-risk-population
#17
N J Ashton, A Hye, C A Leckey, A R Jones, A Gardner, C Elliott, J L Wetherell, E J Lenze, R Killick, N L Marchant
The repressor element 1-silencing transcription (REST) factor is a key regulator of the aging brain's stress response. It is reduced in conditions of stress and Alzheimer's disease (AD), which suggests that increasing REST may be neuroprotective. REST can be measured peripherally in blood plasma. Our study aimed to (1) examine plasma REST levels in relation to clinical and biological markers of neurodegeneration and (2) alter plasma REST levels through a stress-reduction intervention-mindfulness training. In study 1, REST levels were compared across the following four well-characterized groups: healthy elderly (n=65), mild cognitive impairment who remained stable (stable MCI, n=36), MCI who later converted to dementia (converter MCI, n=29) and AD (n=65) from the AddNeuroMed cohort...
June 6, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583904/a-cloud-based-virtual-reality-app-for-a-novel-telemindfulness-service-rationale-design-and-feasibility-evaluation
#18
Imre Cikajlo, Ursa Cizman Staba, Suzana Vrhovac, Frances Larkin, Mark Roddy
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, there has been a marked increase in stress and anxiety, also among patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Access to psychology services is limited, with some estimates suggesting that over 50% of sufferers are not accessing the existing services available to them for reasons such as inconvenience, embarrassment, or stigmatization concerns around mental health. Health service providers have increasingly been turning to drug-free therapies, such as mindfulness programs, as complementary treatments...
June 5, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573818/the-journey-between-brain-and-gut-a-systematic-review-of-psychological-mechanisms-of-treatment-effect-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#19
Sula Windgassen, Rona Moss-Morris, Joseph Chilcot, Alice Sibelli, Kimberley Goldsmith, Trudie Chalder
PURPOSE: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorder characterized by abdominal pain and altered bowel habits. It is estimated to affect 10-22% of the UK population. The use of psychological interventions in IBS is increasingly empirically supported, but little is known about the mechanism of psychological treatment approaches. The present systematic review aimed to investigate the mechanisms of psychological treatment approaches applied to IBS. METHODS: The systematic review included studies conducting mediation analysis in the context of psychological interventions for IBS, focusing on the outcomes of symptom severity and/or quality of life (QoL)...
June 1, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554366/is-psychotherapy-for-functional-somatic-syndromes-harmful-a-mixed-methods-study-on-negative-effects
#20
A F Holsting, H F Pedersen, M T Rask, L Frostholm, A Schröder
INTRODUCTION: Concern for negative effects of psychotherapy for functional somatic syndromes (FSS) has been expressed by clinicians and some patient associations, which may prevent patients from seeking treatment. Therefore, we sought to explore the occurrence and characteristics of negative effects from group-based psychotherapy as experienced by patients with severe or multiple FSS. METHODS: An adapted version of the explanatory sequential mixed methods design was applied...
July 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
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