Read by QxMD icon Read

Acupuncture placebo

Eloise G Harrison, Jennifer L Keating, Prue E Morgan
INTRODUCTION: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a sensorimotor disorder characterised by an uncomfortable urge to move the legs. Management is primarily pharmacological. Effects for non-pharmacological, non-surgical options are published but lack systematic examination. OBJECTIVES: To synthesise results of non-pharmacological/non-surgical treatment compared to no-treatment controls or alternative treatment for RLS on any relevant outcome. METHODS: Databases and reference lists of reviews were searched for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing non-pharmacological treatment to alternative or no treatment controls for idiopathic RLS...
March 21, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Shahin Ahmedov, Baris Filiz
OBJECTIVES: An enhancement of aerobic capacity has always been in the scope of various exercise programs. Apart from traditional, like endurance training, methods to improve aerobic performance, there is growing interest to alternative bodywork techniques, like massage, yoga, and acupuncture. This study aimed to investigate the acupressure effect on maximal aerobic capacity (VO2 max) in healthy young adult males. DESIGN: Forty young healthy participants were randomly divided into intervention (n = 20) and control (n = 20) groups...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Zainab Assy, Henk S Brand
BACKGROUND: Saliva is fundamental to our oral health and our well-being. Many factors can impair saliva secretion, such as adverse effects of prescribed medication, auto-immune diseases (for example Sjögren's syndrome) and radiotherapy for head and neck cancers. Several studies have suggested a positive effect of acupuncture on oral dryness. METHODS: Pubmed and Web of Science were electronically searched. Reference lists of the included studies and relevant reviews were manually searched...
February 13, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Bahram Naderinabi, Soheil Soltanipour, Shadman Nemati, Alia Saberi, Sepideh Parastesh
Background: There is challenge to find an effective treatment for tinnitus. Few studies were done on the effects of acupuncture on tinnitus. This study evaluated the effect of acupuncture on chronic non-pulsatile tinnitus. Methods: This randomized double-blind clinical trial was conducted from December 2014 to September 2015 . Patients suffering from chronic non-pulsatile tinnitus were randomly allocated into two groups: acupuncture vs. placebo. They were treated in 15 sessions and at the end of the fifteenth sessions and 3 weeks after completion of the treatment, visual analog scale (VAS) for tinnitus loudness and tinnitus severity index (TSI) questionnaires were completed...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Soyeon Cheon, Hi-Joon Park, Younbyoung Chae, Hyangsook Lee
BACKGROUND: While full disclosure of information on placebo control in participant information leaflets (PILs) in a clinical trial is ethically required during informed consent, there have been concerning voices such complete disclosures may increase unnecessary nocebo responses, breach double-blind designs, and/or affect direction of trial outcomes. Taking an example of acupuncture studies, we aimed to examine what participants are told about placebo controls in randomized, placebo-controlled trials, and how it may affect blinding and trial outcomes...
January 18, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
Yan Xiang, Jinyuan He, Rui Li
Objectives: To establish whether sham acupuncture (SA) or placebo acupuncture (PA) is more efficacious for reducing low back pain (LBP) than other routine treatments and to discuss whether SA or PA is appropriate for randomized controlled trials of acupuncture for LBP. Methods: Six databases were searched on 31 May 2017. We included only randomized controlled trials of adults with LBP and lower back myofascial pain syndrome. The studies had at least two control arms: a sham-controlled acupuncture arm and a routine care or waiting list arm (people who did not receive acupuncture until the end of treatment)...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
Meena M Makary, Jeungchan Lee, Eunyoung Lee, Seulgi Eun, Jieun Kim, Geon-Ho Jahng, Kiok Kim, You-Suk Youn, Jun-Hwan Lee, Kyungmo Park
Although acupuncture is an effective therapeutic intervention for pain reduction, the exact difference between real and sham acupuncture has not been clearly understood because a somatosensory tactile component is commonly included in the existing sham acupuncture protocols. In an event-related fMRI experiment, we implemented a novel form of sham acupuncture, phantom acupuncture, that reproduces the acupuncture needling procedure without somatosensory tactile stimulation while maintaining the credibility of the acupuncture treatment context...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
Randy L Gollub, Irving Kirsch, Nasim Maleki, Ajay D Wasan, Robert R Edwards, Yiheng Tu, Ted J Kaptchuk, Jian Kong
Placebo treatments and healing rituals share much in common, such as the effects of expectancy, and have been used since the beginning of human history to treat pain. Previous mechanistic neuroimaging studies investigating the effects of expectancy on placebo analgesia have used young, healthy volunteers. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we aimed to investigate the neural mechanisms by which expectancy evokes analgesia in older adults living with a chronic pain disorder and determine whether there are interactions with active treatment...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
Haneesh Murugesan, Sujatha Venkatappan, Senthil Kumar Renganathan, Srinivasan Narasimhan, Mahalaxmi Sekar
Emergency pain management in symptomatic irreversible pulpitis commonly includes use of nonnarcotic analgesics. Acupuncture has been used in dentistry to alleviate pain after tooth extraction. The aim of this randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled clinical trial was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of acupuncture therapy and ibuprofen for pain management in such patients. A total of 157 patients participated in this study and were randomly assigned to three groups, Group I-classical acupuncture with placebo tablet, Group II-sham acupuncture with placebo tablet, and Group III-sham acupuncture with ibuprofen...
December 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
Q Zhou, M H Zuo, Q W Li, Y T Tian, Y B Xie, Y B Wang, G Y Yang, Y J Ye, P Guo, J P Liu, Z L Liu, C An, T Zhou, Z Tian, C B Liu, Y Hu, X Y Chi, Y Shen, Y Xia, K W Hu
Objective: To investigate the safety and efficacy of the Weitan Waifu patch on the postsurgical gastroparesis syndrome (PGS) of gastrointestinal cancer. Methods: The multi-center, double-blind, randomized controlled trial was conducted with superiority design. Patients with PGS of gastrointestinal cancer diagnosed in 4 AAA hospitals and the abdominal symptom manifested as cold syndrome by Chinese local syndrome differentiation were recruited. These patients were randomly divided into two groups according to 1∶1 proportion...
December 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
Sumanth Kumbargere Nagraj, Renjith P George, Naresh Shetty, David Levenson, Debra M Ferraiolo, Ashish Shrestha
BACKGROUND: The sense of taste is very much essential to the overall health of an individual. It is a necessary component to enjoy one's food, which in turn provides nutrition to an individual. Any disturbance in taste perception can hamper quality of life in such patients by influencing their appetite, body weight and psychological well-being. Taste disorders have been treated using different modalities of treatment and there is no consensus for the best intervention. Hence this Cochrane Review was undertaken...
December 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Xiaoming Wu, Fengwei Tian, Zhaopeng Xie, Guifang Dong, Jianjun Li, Xi Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To conduct the preliminary positioning and qualitative research of high-frequency ultrasonic imaging at Ashi points (including tender points and trigger points) in neck-type cervical spondylosis and explore the relevant law so as to provide the evidence for the selection of acupuncture scheme. METHODS: Thirty patients in compliance with the diagnostic criteria of neck-type cervical spondylosis were selected. The trigger points, tender points and placebo points were positioned on any of the three available oriented lines...
April 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Yan Ge, Hong Yao, Juan Tong, Ying He, Guiyuan Li, Xiang'ao Kong
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of acupuncture on improving the peripheral skeletal muscle exercise ability in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) at stable phase. METHODS: Forty-four patients were randomly divided into an observation group (24 cases) and a control group (20 cases). Based on regular western medication treatment and aerobic training, acupuncture was used in the observation group and placebo acupuncture was used in the control group...
April 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Yuru Song, Bo Chen, Yuan Xu, Yi Guo, Yang Gao
The role of placebo effect in acupuncture and moxibustion efficacy was explored. Through the analysis of multiple factors including trust, expectation, understanding, doctor-patient relationship and social cultural environment, etc. in the literature at home and abroad, it was found the placebo effects, including patient's cognition, expectation, attention, preference and communication with doctor as well as doctor's suggestion, expectation and indirect regulation of diagnosis and treatment environment on patient's psychology, were essential factors for acupuncture efficacy...
March 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Saliha Karatay, Sibel Caglar Okur, Hulya Uzkeser, Kadir Yildirim, Fatih Akcay
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of acupuncture treatment on serum levels of serotonin and substance P (SP) as well as on clinical parameters in patients with fibromyalgia (FM). Methods: This is a randomized controlled clinical trial. Seventy-five women with FM were randomized into one of three kinds of acupuncture treatment: real acupuncture group (AcG), sham acupuncture group (ShG), and simulated acupuncture group (SiG). Treatments were applied semiweekly for four weeks...
December 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Andrew J Vickers, Emily A Vertosick, George Lewith, Hugh MacPherson, Nadine E Foster, Karen J Sherman, Dominik Irnich, Claudia M Witt, Klaus Linde
Despite wide use in clinical practice, acupuncture remains a controversial treatment for chronic pain. Our objective was to update an individual patient data meta-analysis to determine the effect size of acupuncture for 4 chronic pain conditions. We searched MEDLINE and the Cochrane Central Registry of Controlled Trials randomized trials published up until December 31, 2015. We included randomized trials of acupuncture needling versus either sham acupuncture or no acupuncture control for nonspecific musculoskeletal pain, osteoarthritis, chronic headache, or shoulder pain...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
Jane Ashbrook, Nikos Rodgdakis, Peter Goodwin, Gill Yeowell, Michael Callaghan
STUDY OBJECTIVE: There is no consensus on the management of low back pain in the ED and evidence suggests that these patients are likely to receive unwarranted imaging and inappropriate opioid prescription.The purpose of this study is to review the available literature pertaining to the clinical management of acute low back pain in the ED. METHODS: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) and Realist And Meta-narrative Evidence Syntheses: Evolving Standards (RAMESES) guidelines were observed during this review...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Farah Z Zia, Oluwadamilola Olaku, Ting Bao, Ann Berger, Gary Deng, Arthur Yin Fan, Mary K Garcia, Patricia M Herman, Ted J Kaptchuk, Elena J Ladas, Helene M Langevin, Lixing Lao, Weidong Lu, Vitaly Napadow, Richard C Niemtzow, Andrew J Vickers, Xin Shelley Wang, Claudia M Witt, Jun J Mao
The Division of Cancer Treatment and Diagnosis, Office of Cancer Complementary and Alternative Medicine, at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) held a symposium on "Acupuncture for Cancer Symptom Management" on June 16 and 17, 2016. Invited speakers included 19 scientists and scholars with expertise in acupuncture and cancer research from the United States, Europe, and China. The conference reviewed the NCI's grant funding on acupuncture, analyzed the needs of cancer patients, reviewed safety issues, and assessed both the current scientific evidence and research gaps of acupuncture in oncology care...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
Christopher Eccleston, Emma Fisher, Kyla H Thomas, Leslie Hearn, Sheena Derry, Cathy Stannard, Roger Knaggs, R Andrew Moore
BACKGROUND: This is the first update of the original Cochrane Review published in 2013. The conclusions of this review have not changed from the 2013 publication. People with chronic non-cancer pain who are prescribed and are taking opioids can have a history of long-term, high-dose opioid use without effective pain relief. In those without good pain relief, reduction of prescribed opioid dose may be the desired and shared goal of both patient and clinician. Simple, unsupervised reduction of opioid use is clinically challenging, and very difficult to achieve and maintain...
November 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Jianqiao Fang, Crystal Lynn Keeler, Lifang Chen, Ruijie Ma, Chao Wang, Shouyu Xu
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether integrative medicine, combining acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine with conventional rehabilitation during subacute stroke, is an effective comprehensive rehabilitation strategy for daily life activities, neurological deficits, motor dysfunction, cognitive impairment and depression. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial: patients were randomly assigned to a conventional rehabilitation (CR) group or an integrative medicine rehabilitation (IMR) group with CR plus acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine...
November 10, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"