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Acupuncture placebo

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274268/acupuncture-treatment-for-insulin-sensitivity-of-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-insulin-resistance-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Juan Li, Ernest Hung Yu Ng, Elisabet Stener-Victorin, Zhenxing Hu, Xiaoguang Shao, Haiyan Wang, Meifang Li, Maohua Lai, Changcai Xie, Nianjun Su, Chuyi Yu, Jia Liu, Taixiang Wu, Hongxia Ma
BACKGROUND: Our prospective pilot study of acupuncture affecting insulin sensitivity on polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) combined with insulin resistance (IR) showed that acupuncture had a significant effect on improving the insulin sensitivity of PCOS. But there is still no randomized controlled trial to determine the effect of acupuncture on the insulin sensitivity in women with PCOS and IR. In this article, we present the protocol of a randomized controlled trial to compare the effect of true acupuncture on the insulin sensitivity of these patients compared with metformin and sham acupuncture...
March 9, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254107/protocol-testing-the-relevance-of-acupuncture-theory-in-the-treatment-of%C3%A2-myofascial-pain-in-the-upper-trapezius-muscle
#2
Dale S Elsdon, Selina Spanswick, Chris Zaslawski, Peter C Meier
A protocol for a prospective single-blind parallel four-arm randomized placebo-controlled trial with repeated measures was designed to test the effects of various acupuncture methods compared with sham. Eighty self-selected participants with myofascial pain in the upper trapezius muscle were randomized into four groups. Group 1 received acupuncture to a myofascial trigger point (MTrP) in the upper trapezius. Group 2 received acupuncture to the MTrP in addition to relevant distal points. Group 3 received acupuncture to the relevant distal points only...
January 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254106/development-of-acupuncture-and-moxibustion-protocol-in-a-clinical-trial-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#3
Joyce K Anastasi, Bernadette Capili, Michelle Chang
Traditional Chinese medicine encompasses many different practices, most notably acupuncture and moxibustion. Traditionally, these modalities are used in combination to augment treatment but seldom are they tested together in clinical studies. Numerous acupuncture studies have been conducted in Asia, Europe, and the United States but there have been few randomized controlled trials utilizing moxibustion outside of East Asia. Limited studies have described the use of a moxibustion control or placebo procedure...
January 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251729/sham-acupuncture-is-as-efficacious-as-true-acupuncture-for-the-treatment-of-ibs-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#4
C Lowe, A Aiken, A G Day, W Depew, S J Vanner
BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients increasingly seek out acupuncture therapy to alleviate symptoms, but it is unclear whether the benefit is due to a treatment-specific effect or a placebo response. This study examined whether true acupuncture is superior to sham acupuncture in relieving IBS symptoms and whether benefits were linked to purported acupuncture mechanisms. METHODS: A double blind sham controlled acupuncture study was conducted with Rome I IBS patients receiving twice weekly true acupuncture for 4 weeks (n=43) or sham acupuncture (n=36)...
March 2, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249650/interventions-for-the-management-of-radiotherapy-induced-xerostomia-and-hyposalivation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Valeria Mercadante, Arwa Al Hamad, Giovanni Lodi, Stephen Porter, Stefano Fedele
INTRODUCTION: Salivary gland hypofunction is a common and permanent adverse effect of radiotherapy to the head and neck. Randomised trials of available treatment modalities have produced unclear results and offer little reliable guidance for clinicians to inform evidence-based therapy. We have undertaken this systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the effectiveness of available interventions for radiotherapy-induced xerostomia and hyposalivation. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Cochrane Central, EMBASE, AMED, and CINAHL database through July 2016 for randomised controlled trials comparing any topical or systemic intervention to active and/or non-active controls for the treatment of radiotherapy-induced xerostomia...
March 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219657/non-pharmacological-treatments-for-pain-relief-tens-and-acupuncture
#6
Anne Coutaux
Acupuncture and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) are nonpharmacological methods that have been used for millennia to relieve pain. As with all complementary treatments, efficacy evaluations face two hurdles: the non-feasibility of double blinding and the difficulty in identifying the optimal control population or treatment. Nevertheless, recent studies of good methodological quality have demonstrated benefits in many types of pain compared to conventional treatment. The mechanisms of action of acupuncture and TENS, which are increasingly well understood, involve endogenous pain control systems, cerebral plasticity, and nonspecific effects (e...
February 17, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192793/nonpharmacologic-therapies-for-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-for-an-american-college-of-physicians-clinical-practice-guideline
#7
Roger Chou, Richard Deyo, Janna Friedly, Andrea Skelly, Robin Hashimoto, Melissa Weimer, Rochelle Fu, Tracy Dana, Paul Kraegel, Jessica Griffin, Sara Grusing, Erika D Brodt
Background: A 2007 American College of Physicians guideline addressed nonpharmacologic treatment options for low back pain. New evidence is now available. Purpose: To systematically review the current evidence on nonpharmacologic therapies for acute or chronic nonradicular or radicular low back pain. Data Sources: Ovid MEDLINE (January 2008 through February 2016), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and reference lists...
February 14, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181687/acupuncture-for-acute-hordeolum
#8
REVIEW
Ke Cheng, Andrew Law, Menghu Guo, L Susan Wieland, Xueyong Shen, Lixing Lao
BACKGROUND: Hordeolum is an acute, purulent inflammation of the eyelid margin usually caused by obstructed orifices of the sebaceous glands of the eyelid. The condition, which affects sebaceous glands internally or externally, is common. When the meibomian gland in the tarsal plate is affected, internal hordeolum occurs, while when the glands of Zeis or Moll associated with eyelash follicles are affected, external hordeolum, or stye occurs. The onset of hordeolum is usually self limited, and may resolve in about a week with spontaneous drainage of the abscess...
February 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116777/pharmacological-treatment-for-antipsychotic-related-constipation
#9
REVIEW
Susanna Every-Palmer, Giles Newton-Howes, Mike J Clarke
BACKGROUND: Antipsychotic-related constipation is a common and serious adverse effect, especially for people taking clozapine. Clozapine has been shown to impede gastrointestinal motility, leading to constipation, and has been reported in up to 60% of patients receiving clozapine. In rare cases, complications can be fatal. Appropriate laxatives should be prescribed to treat constipation in people taking antipsychotics, but there is a lack of guidance on the comparative effectiveness and harms of different agents in this population...
January 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115321/manual-acupuncture-for-myofascial-pain-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Rong Wang, Xiuxia Li, Shenghu Zhou, Xiaogang Zhang, Kehu Yang, Xusheng Li
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of manual acupuncture (MA) in the treatment of myofascial pain syndrome (MPS). METHODS: We searched for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing MA versus sham/placebo or no intervention in patients with MPS in the following databases from inception to January 2016: PubMed; Cochrane Library; Embase; Web of Science; and China Biology Medicine. Two reviewers independently screened the literature extracted data and assessed the quality of the included studies according to the risk of bias tool recommended by the Cochrane Handbook (V...
January 23, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087178/acupuncture-for-serum-uric-acid-in-patients-with-asymptomatic-hyperuricemia-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#11
Yingjuan Huang, Jun Meng, Baoguo Sun, Ting Xiang, Xin Zhou, Biyu Xu, Yingzi Wu, Zexiong Chen, Shijun Zhang
BACKGROUND: Hyperuricemia (HUA) is the most common disease associated with cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, hypertension, and kidney disease. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the preliminary efficacy, mechanism, and safety of acupuncture on serum uric acid in patients with asymptomatic HUA. METHODS: A randomized, placebo-controlled trial among 123 patients with asymptomatic HUA was conducted. The acupoints used in the acupuncture group were bilateral Five Shu in Spleen Meridian...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069044/effect-of-transcutaneous-electrical-acupoint-stimulation-combined-with-palonosetron-on-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Jing Xie, Lei-Hua Chen, Zhou-Yu Ning, Chen-Yue Zhang, Hao Chen, Zhen Chen, Zhi-Qiang Meng, Xiao-Yan Zhu
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting adversely affects the quality of life of patients who receive chemotherapy via intravenous infusion or transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE). This study aimed to investigate the clinical effects of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) on nausea and vomiting after TACE. METHODS: A total of 142 patients who received TACE with cisplatin for primary or metastatic liver cancer were assigned to the active-acupuncture (n = 72) or placebo-acupuncture (n = 70) groups using a covariate-adaptive randomization at a ratio of 1:1...
January 10, 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069040/anti-inflammatory-and-immune-regulatory-effects-of-acupuncture-after-craniotomy-study-protocol-for-a-parallel-group-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Seung-Yeon Cho, Seung-Bo Yang, Hee Sup Shin, Seung Hwan Lee, Jun Seok Koh, Seungwon Kwon, Woo-Sang Jung, Sang-Kwan Moon, Jung-Mi Park, Chang-Nam Ko, Seong-Uk Park
BACKGROUND: Despite recent advances in the medical and surgical fields, complications such as infection, pneumonia, or brain swelling may occur after a craniotomy. In some patients, perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis causes adverse effects such as itching, rash, or digestive conditions. Certain patients still develop infections severe enough to require a repeat operation despite antibiotic prophylaxis. Acupuncture has been used to treat inflammatory conditions, and many basic and clinical studies have provided evidence of its anti-inflammatory and immune regulatory effects...
January 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044338/acupuncture-for-headache-it-s-still-all-placebo
#14
Seymour Solomon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041925/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-for-management-of-premature-ejaculation-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Katy Cooper, Marrissa Martyn-St James, Eva Kaltenthaler, Kath Dickinson, Anna Cantrell, Shijie Ren, Kevan Wylie, Leila Frodsham, Catherine Hood
INTRODUCTION: Premature ejaculation (PE) is defined as ejaculation within 1 minute (lifelong PE) or 3 minutes (acquired PE), inability to delay ejaculation, and negative personal consequences. Management includes behavioral and pharmacologic approaches. AIM: To systematically review effectiveness, safety, and robustness of evidence for complementary and alternative medicine in managing PE. METHODS: Nine databases including Medline were searched through September 2015...
March 2017: Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010832/effect-of-needling-at-cv-12-zhongwan-on-blood-glucose-levels-in-healthy-volunteers-a-pilot-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sriloy Mohanty, A Mooventhan, Nandi Krishnamurthy Manjunath
INTRODUCTION: Acupuncture, a key part of traditional Chinese medicine, is used to relieve symptoms of diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of needling CV-12 (Zhongwan) on blood glucose levels in healthy volunteers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six individuals were recruited and randomized into either the acupuncture group or the placebo control group. The participants in the acupuncture group were needled at CV-12 (4 cun above the center of the umbilicus), and those in the placebo control group were needled at a nonexisting "sham" point on the right side of the abdomen (1 cun beside the CV-12)-a nonacupuncture point...
December 2016: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995371/therapeutic-effect-of-acupuncture-on-the-outcomes-of-in-vitro-fertilization-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Yi Qian, Xin-Ru Xia, Humphrey Ochin, Cun Huang, Chao Gao, Li Gao, Yu-Gui Cui, Jia-Yin Liu, Yan Meng
PURPOSE: Controversial results have been reported concerning the effect of acupuncture on in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes. The current review was conducted to systematically review published studies of the effects of acupuncture on IVF outcomes. METHODS: Women undergoing IVF in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were evaluated for the effects of acupuncture on IVF outcomes. The treatment groups involved traditional, electrical, laser, auricular, and other acupuncture techniques...
December 19, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978834/comparison-of-the-placebo-effect-between-different-non-penetrating-acupuncture-devices-and-real-acupuncture-in-healthy-subjects-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Leonardo Yung Dos Santos Maciel, Paula Michele Dos Santos Leite, Mauricio Lima Poderoso Neto, Andreza Carvalho Rabelo Mendonça, Carla Carolina Alves de Araujo, Jersica da Hora Santos Souza, Josimari Melo DeSantana
BACKGROUND: Several studies have used placebo acupuncture methods in recent years as a way for blinding therapeutic effect of acupuncture, however placebo method selection has not followed enough methodological criteria to the point of stabilishing a consensus of what should be the best method to be used. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of three different placebo acupuncture methods for blinding applied in healthy subjects. METHODS: This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Federal University of Sergipe with the number 47193015...
December 15, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929271/hormone-therapy-and-other-treatments-for-symptoms-of-menopause
#19
D Ashley Hill, Mark Crider, Susan R Hill
The results of large clinical trials have led physicians and patients to question the safety of hormone therapy for menopause. In the past, physicians prescribed hormone therapy to improve overall health and prevent cardiac disease, as well as for symptoms of menopause. Combined estrogen/progestogen therapy, but not estrogen alone, increases the risk of breast cancer when used for more than three to five years. Therefore, in women with a uterus, it is recommended that physicians prescribe combination therapy only to treat menopausal symptoms such as vasomotor symptoms (hot flashes) and vaginal atrophy, using the smallest effective dosage for the shortest possible duration...
December 1, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894470/effectiveness-of-a-placebo-intervention-on-visually-induced-nausea-in-women-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#20
Veronika Müller, Kirsten Remus, Verena Hoffmann, Matthias H Tschöp, Karin Meissner
OBJECTIVE: Improvement of nausea by placebo interventions has recently been demonstrated in clinical trials and experimental settings. However, many questions regarding placebo effects on nausea remain unanswered. For example, nausea reduction in women could only be achieved when the placebo intervention was "enhanced" by conditioning, while men responded primarily to verbally suggested improvement. It is unclear whether these findings are generalizable or were due to situational variables...
December 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
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