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Acupuncture placebo

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753429/patient-blinding-with-blunt-tip-placebo-acupuncture-needles-comparison-between-1-mm-and-2-mm-skin-press
#1
Nobuari Takakura, Miho Takayama, Morihiro Nasu, Masako Nishiwaki, Akiko Kawase, Hiroyoshi Yajima
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of the depth of skin press in blunt tip placebo acupuncture needles on patient blinding and its relationship to needle diameter. METHODS: Forty healthy volunteers were enrolled as subjects for patient blinding. Four acupuncturists applied the following needles randomly at three points in each forearm: 0.18 mm and 0.25 mm diameter penetrating needles inserted to a depth of 5 mm, and 0.18 mm and 0.25 mm diameter skin-touch needles depressing the skin at the acupoint to a depth of 1 mm and 2 mm from the skin surface...
May 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723106/therapeutic-effect-of-acupoint-catgut-embedding-in-abdominally-obese-women-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#2
I-Ju Chen, Yuh-Hsiang Yeh, Chung-Hua Hsu
INTRODUCTION: Acupuncture and electroacupuncture have been proved to be beneficial in weight control among obese women. Acupoint catgut embedding treatment, a derivative type of acupuncture, is considered to be more effective than acupuncture and electroacupuncture in reducing weight. This study is to investigate the therapeutic effects and safety of acupoint stimulation by catgut embedding in obese women. The influence of catgut embedding on obesity-related hormones was also examined...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721027/acupuncture-for-acne-vulgaris-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Suzi S Y Mansu, Haiying Liang, Shefton Parker, Meaghan E Coyle, Kaiyi Wang, Anthony L Zhang, Xinfeng Guo, Chuanjian Lu, Charlie C L Xue
Purpose: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the current best available evidence of the efficacy and safety of acupuncture and related therapies for acne vulgaris. Methods: Eleven English and Chinese databases were searched to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of acne vulgaris compared to pharmacotherapies, no treatment, and sham or placebo acupuncture. Methodological quality was assessed using Cochrane Collaboration's risk of bias tool...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694378/comparison-of-acupuncture-and-other-drugs-for-chronic-constipation-a-network-meta-analysis
#4
Lingping Zhu, Yunhui Ma, Xiaoyan Deng
The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy and side effects of acupuncture, sham acupuncture and drugs in the treatment of chronic constipation. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effects of acupuncture and drugs for chronic constipation were comprehensively retrieved from electronic databases (such as PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, CNKI, Wanfang Database, VIP Database and CBM) up to December 2017. Additional references were obtained from review articles. With quality evaluations and data extraction, a network meta-analysis (NMA) was performed using a random-effects model under a frequentist framework...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686883/double-blind-acupuncture-needles-a-multi-needle-multi-session-randomized-feasibility-study
#5
Judith M Schlaeger, Nobuari Takakura, Hiroyoshi Yajima, Miho Takayama, Alana D Steffen, Elizabeth M Gabzdyl, Robyn A Nisi, Kathleen McGowan Gruber, Jason M Bussell, Diana J Wilkie
Background: Efficacy of acupuncture is difficult to demonstrate without a feasible double-blind milieu. Double-blind acupuncture needles have been validated in single session protocols with one or two needles but not been tested in a protocol requiring many needles and repeated sessions. Methods: We determined the feasibility of a 13-needle, 10-session study protocol. Feasibility focused on (1) enrolling and retaining participants; (2) two acupuncturists accurately implementing a double-blind, multi-needle, multi-session protocol; (3) participants completing measures; and (4) protocol acceptability to participants...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669794/systematic-review-of-acupuncture-placebo-devices-with-a-focus-on-the-credibility-of-blinding-of-healthy-participants-and-or-acupuncturists
#6
George Shengxi Zhang, Claire Shuiqing Zhang, Hsiewe Ying Tan, Yanyi Wang, Cliff DaCosta, Anthony Lin Zhang, Charlie Changli Xue, Yi Min Xie
BACKGROUND: An ideal placebo design in clinical research should resemble the intervention under investigation to facilitate blinding, yet remain clinically inert. With regard to physical interventions such as acupuncture, a true placebo device has not been developed and validated. Since 1998, researchers have designed several placebo acupuncture devices (PADs). The three most widely used PADs are the Streitberger, the Park and the Takakura device. AIM: This review focuses on evaluating studies of these devices, in the context of credibility of blinding (COB), assessment of penetrating pain or sensation, and de qi sensation...
April 18, 2018: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626369/pilot-study-of-acupuncture-to-treat-anxiety-in-children-and-adolescents
#7
Brenda Leung, Wendy Takeda, Victoria Holec
AIM: This pilot study investigated the use of acupuncture in the treatment of paediatric anxiety. METHODS: Children with anxiety, aged 8-16, were randomised to either the acupuncture or waitlist control groups. Anxiety was measured using the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) for children and adolescents with generalised anxiety disorder and Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children 2nd Edition (MASC-2) self-rated and parent-rated forms. RESULTS: Twenty participants were enrolled in the study and 19 completed all the questionnaires to be included in the analysis...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607495/acupuncture-for-acute-stroke
#8
REVIEW
Mangmang Xu, Dan Li, Shihong Zhang
BACKGROUND: Sensory stimulation via acupuncture has been reported to alter activities of numerous neural systems by activating multiple efferent pathways. Acupuncture, one of the main physical therapies in Traditional Chinese Medicine, has been widely used to treat patients with stroke for over hundreds of years. This is the first update of the Cochrane Review originally published in 2005. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether acupuncture could reduce the proportion of people with death or dependency, while improving quality of life, after acute ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke...
March 30, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589380/massage-reflexology-and-other-manual-methods-for-pain-management-in-labour
#9
REVIEW
Caroline A Smith, Kate M Levett, Carmel T Collins, Hannah G Dahlen, Carolyn C Ee, Machiko Suganuma
BACKGROUND: Many women would like to avoid pharmacological or invasive methods of pain management in labour, and this may contribute towards the popularity of complementary methods of pain management. This review examined the evidence currently available on manual methods, including massage and reflexology, for pain management in labour. This review is an update of the review first published in 2012. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect, safety and acceptability of massage, reflexology and other manual methods to manage pain in labour...
March 28, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587801/effects-of-dangguixu-san-on-acute-lateral-ankle-sprain-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Jae-Hong Kim, Eun-Yong Lee, Myung-Rae Cho, Cham-Kyul Lee, Ji-Hyun Cho
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprain is a common musculoskeletal injury. In Korean medicine, blood stasis is thought to be the main cause of pain and swelling in patients with ankle sprain. Dangguixu-san (DS), a herbal extract, is widely used in Korean medicine for the treatment of traumatic ecchymosis and pain by promoting blood circulation and relieving blood stasis. However, the effects of DS on ankle sprain have not been evaluated in a randomized clinical trial. Here, we describe the protocol for a randomized controlled trial that will evaluate the efficacy and safety of DS for the treatment of ankle sprain...
March 27, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568693/acupuncture-in-the-treatment-of-fatigue-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-study
#11
Keng H Kong, Hwee L Ng, Wei Li, Dora W Ng, Siang I Tan, Kay Y Tay, Wing L Au, Louis C S Tan
Introduction: Fatigue is a common and disabling problem in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), and there is currently no satisfactory treatment. As acupuncture has been reported to be effective in fatigue related to other conditions, we sought to evaluate its efficacy in PD. Methods: This was a single center, randomized, sham-controlled study. Forty PD patients with moderately severe fatigue were randomized to receive 5 weeks of biweekly real or sham acupuncture...
January 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561180/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-restless-legs-syndrome-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#12
Eloise G Harrison, Jennifer L Keating, Prue E Morgan
INTRODUCTION: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a sensorimotor disorder characterised by an uncomfortable urge to move the legs. Management is primarily pharmacological. Effects for non-pharmacological, non-surgical options are published but lack systematic examination. OBJECTIVES: To synthesise results of non-pharmacological/non-surgical treatment compared to no-treatment controls or alternative treatment for RLS on any relevant outcome. METHODS: Databases and reference lists of reviews were searched for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing non-pharmacological treatment to alternative or no treatment controls for idiopathic RLS...
March 21, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461858/effect-of-meridian-acupressure-on-aerobic-performance-of-healthy-young-population-a-randomized-controlled-study
#13
Shahin Ahmedov, Baris Filiz
OBJECTIVES: An enhancement of aerobic capacity has always been in the scope of various exercise programs. Apart from traditional, like endurance training, methods to improve aerobic performance, there is growing interest to alternative bodywork techniques, like massage, yoga, and acupuncture. This study aimed to investigate the acupressure effect on maximal aerobic capacity (VO2 max) in healthy young adult males. DESIGN: Forty young healthy participants were randomly divided into intervention (n = 20) and control (n = 20) groups...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439690/a-systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-acupuncture-on-xerostomia-and-hyposalivation
#14
REVIEW
Zainab Assy, Henk S Brand
BACKGROUND: Saliva is fundamental to our oral health and our well-being. Many factors can impair saliva secretion, such as adverse effects of prescribed medication, auto-immune diseases (for example Sjögren's syndrome) and radiotherapy for head and neck cancers. Several studies have suggested a positive effect of acupuncture on oral dryness. METHODS: Pubmed and Web of Science were electronically searched. Reference lists of the included studies and relevant reviews were manually searched...
February 13, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387318/acupuncture-for-chronic-nonpulsatile-tinnitus-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Bahram Naderinabi, Soheil Soltanipour, Shadman Nemati, Alia Saberi, Sepideh Parastesh
Background: There is challenge to find an effective treatment for tinnitus. Few studies were done on the effects of acupuncture on tinnitus. This study evaluated the effect of acupuncture on chronic non-pulsatile tinnitus. Methods: This randomized double-blind clinical trial was conducted from December 2014 to September 2015 . Patients suffering from chronic non-pulsatile tinnitus were randomly allocated into two groups: acupuncture vs. placebo. They were treated in 15 sessions and at the end of the fifteenth sessions and 3 weeks after completion of the treatment, visual analog scale (VAS) for tinnitus loudness and tinnitus severity index (TSI) questionnaires were completed...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347917/does-different-information-disclosure-on-placebo-control-affect-blinding-and-trial-outcomes-a-case-study-of-participant-information-leaflets-of-randomized-placebo-controlled-trials-of-acupuncture
#16
Soyeon Cheon, Hi-Joon Park, Younbyoung Chae, Hyangsook Lee
BACKGROUND: While full disclosure of information on placebo control in participant information leaflets (PILs) in a clinical trial is ethically required during informed consent, there have been concerning voices such complete disclosures may increase unnecessary nocebo responses, breach double-blind designs, and/or affect direction of trial outcomes. Taking an example of acupuncture studies, we aimed to examine what participants are told about placebo controls in randomized, placebo-controlled trials, and how it may affect blinding and trial outcomes...
January 18, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343984/appropriateness-of-sham-or-placebo-acupuncture-for-randomized-controlled-trials-of-acupuncture-for-nonspecific-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Yan Xiang, Jinyuan He, Rui Li
Objectives: To establish whether sham acupuncture (SA) or placebo acupuncture (PA) is more efficacious for reducing low back pain (LBP) than other routine treatments and to discuss whether SA or PA is appropriate for randomized controlled trials of acupuncture for LBP. Methods: Six databases were searched on 31 May 2017. We included only randomized controlled trials of adults with LBP and lower back myofascial pain syndrome. The studies had at least two control arms: a sham-controlled acupuncture arm and a routine care or waiting list arm (people who did not receive acupuncture until the end of treatment)...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343693/phantom-acupuncture-induces-placebo-credibility-and-vicarious-sensations-a-parallel-fmri-study-of-low-back-pain-patients
#18
Meena M Makary, Jeungchan Lee, Eunyoung Lee, Seulgi Eun, Jieun Kim, Geon-Ho Jahng, Kiok Kim, You-Suk Youn, Jun-Hwan Lee, Kyungmo Park
Although acupuncture is an effective therapeutic intervention for pain reduction, the exact difference between real and sham acupuncture has not been clearly understood because a somatosensory tactile component is commonly included in the existing sham acupuncture protocols. In an event-related fMRI experiment, we implemented a novel form of sham acupuncture, phantom acupuncture, that reproduces the acupuncture needling procedure without somatosensory tactile stimulation while maintaining the credibility of the acupuncture treatment context...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325883/a-functional-neuroimaging-study-of-expectancy-effects-on-pain-response-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#19
Randy L Gollub, Irving Kirsch, Nasim Maleki, Ajay D Wasan, Robert R Edwards, Yiheng Tu, Ted J Kaptchuk, Jian Kong
Placebo treatments and healing rituals share much in common, such as the effects of expectancy, and have been used since the beginning of human history to treat pain. Previous mechanistic neuroimaging studies investigating the effects of expectancy on placebo analgesia have used young, healthy volunteers. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we aimed to investigate the neural mechanisms by which expectancy evokes analgesia in older adults living with a chronic pain disorder and determine whether there are interactions with active treatment...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275795/comparison-of-acupuncture-with-ibuprofen-for-pain-management-in-patients-with-symptomatic-irreversible-pulpitis-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#20
Haneesh Murugesan, Sujatha Venkatappan, Senthil Kumar Renganathan, Srinivasan Narasimhan, Mahalaxmi Sekar
Emergency pain management in symptomatic irreversible pulpitis commonly includes use of nonnarcotic analgesics. Acupuncture has been used in dentistry to alleviate pain after tooth extraction. The aim of this randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled clinical trial was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of acupuncture therapy and ibuprofen for pain management in such patients. A total of 157 patients participated in this study and were randomly assigned to three groups, Group I-classical acupuncture with placebo tablet, Group II-sham acupuncture with placebo tablet, and Group III-sham acupuncture with ibuprofen...
December 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
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