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Acupuncture placebo

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614956/interventions-for-treating-hyperemesis-gravidarum-a-cochrane-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Rupsa C Boelig, Samantha J Barton, Gabriele Saccone, Anthony J Kelly, Steven J Edwards, Vincenzo Berghella
INTRODUCTION: While nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy are very common, affecting approximately 80% of pregnancies, hyperemesis gravidarum is a severe form affecting 0.3-1.0% of pregnancies. Although hyperemesis gravidarum is rarely a source of mortality, it is a significant source of morbidity. It is one of the most common indications for hospitalization in pregnancy. Beyond the maternal and fetal consequences of malnutrition, the severity of hyperemesis symptoms causes a major psychosocial burden leading to depression, anxiety, and even pregnancy termination...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608601/brain-structural-properties-predict-psychologically-mediated-hypoalgesia-in-an-8-week-sham-acupuncture-treatment-for-migraine
#2
Jixin Liu, Junya Mu, Qianqian Liu, Wanghuan Dun, Ming Zhang, Jie Tian
Neuroimaging studies described brain structural changes that comprise the mechanisms underlying individual differences in migraine development and maintenance. However, whether such interindividual variability in migraine was observed in a pretreatment scan is a predisposition for subsequent hypoalgesia to placebo treatment that remains largely unclear. Using T1-weighted imaging, we investigated this issue in 50 healthy controls (HC) and 196 patients with migraine without aura (MO). An 8-week double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled acupuncture was used, and we only focused on the data from the sham acupuncture group...
June 13, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583057/auricular-acupressure-in-the-prevention-of-postoperative-nausea-and-emesis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Cynthia Feng, Jovan Popovic, Richard Kline, Jung Kim, Rafael Matos, Sarah Lee, Joseph Bosco
INTRODUCTION: Successful antiemesis contributes significantly to quality, safety, and patient satisfaction. Patients undergoing general anesthesia often experience postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). Acupressure offers a side effect-free alternative to common first-line antiemetics. Because the patient may perceive needle acupuncture as uncomfortable, acupressure is a desirable alternative for the prevention of PONV. METHODS: This study was a randomized, prospective, double-blinded clinical trial investigating the effect of acupressure in patients with a history of PONV and motion sickness...
April 2017: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506257/an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-of-complementary-and-alternative-therapies-for-fibromyalgia-using-both-amstar-and-robis-as-quality-assessment-tools
#4
Rachel Perry, Verity Leach, Philippa Davies, Chris Penfold, Andy Ness, Rachel Churchill
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic, debilitating pain disorder. Dissatisfaction with conventional medicine can lead people with FM to turn to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Two previous overviews of systematic reviews of CAM for FM have been published, but they did not assessed for risk of bias in the review process. METHODS: Five databases Medline, Embase, AMED (via OVID), Web of Science and Central were searched from their inception to December 2015...
May 15, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494846/can-a-science-based-definition-of-acupuncture-improve-clinical-outcomes
#5
REVIEW
Ted Priebe, Steven H Stumpf, Rod Zalunardo
Research on acupuncture has been muddled by attempts to bridge the ancient with the modern. Barriers to effectiveness research are reflected in recurring conflicts that include disagreement on use of the most basic terms, lack of standard intervention controls, and the absence of functional measures for assessing treatment effect. Acupuncture research has stalled at the "placebo barrier" wherein acupuncture is "no better than placebo." The most widely recognized comparative effectiveness research in acupuncture does not compare acupuncture treatment protocols within groups, thereby, mutating large scale effectiveness studies into large scale efficacy trials...
May 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408941/clinical-evaluation-of-acupuncture-as-treatment-for-complications-of-cerebrovascular-accidents-a-randomized-sham-controlled-subject-and-assessor-blind-trial
#6
Hsien-Yin Liao, Wen-Chao Ho, Chun-Chung Chen, Jaung-Geng Lin, Chia-Chi Chang, Liang-Yu Chen, De-Chih Lee, Yu-Chen Lee
Background and Purpose. The effect of acupuncture as treatment for poststroke complications is questionable. We performed a randomized, sham-controlled double-blind study to investigate it. Methods. Patients with first-time acute stroke were randomized to receive 24 sessions of either real or sham acupuncture during an eight-week period. The primary outcome measure was change in National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score. Secondary outcome measures included changes in Barthel Index (BI), Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D), and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for pain scores...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392178/acupuncture-for-the-prevention-of-tension-type-headache-2016
#7
Arya Nielsen
Linde K, Allais G, Brinkhaus B, et al. Acupuncture for the prevention of tension-type headache.Cochrane Database Syst Rev2016, Issue 48. Art No.: CD007587. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007587.pub2. BACKGROUND: Acupuncture is often used for prevention of tension-type headache but its effectiveness is still controversial. This is an update of our Cochrane review originally published in Issue 1, 2009 of The Cochrane Library. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether acupuncture is (a) more effective than no prophylactic treatment/routine care only; (b) more effective than "sham" (placebo) acupuncture; and (c) as effective as other interventions in reducing headache frequency in adults with episodic or chronic tension-type headache...
March 6, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371868/immediate-pain-relief-in-adhesive-capsulitis-by-acupuncture-a-randomized-controlled-double-blinded-study
#8
Sven Schröder, Gesa Meyer-Hamme, Thomas Friedemann, Sebastian Kirch, Michael Hauck, Rosemarie Plaetke, Sunja Friedrichs, Amit Gulati, Daniel Briem
Objective.:  Primary adhesive capsulitis (AC), or frozen shoulder, is an insidious and idiopathic disease. Severe pain is predominant in the first two of the three stages of the condition, which can last up to 21 months. Design, Setting, and Subjects.:  Sixty volunteers with primary AC were randomly assigned to acupuncture with press tack needles compared with press tack placebos in a patient- and observer-blinded placebo-controlled study. The participants were subsequently offered classical needle acupuncture in an open follow-up clinical application...
March 20, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359309/electroacupuncture-for-tapering-off-long-term-benzodiazepine-use-study-protocol-of-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Wing-Fai Yeung, Ka-Fai Chung, Zhang-Jin Zhang, Wai-Chi Chan, Shi-Ping Zhang, Roger Man-Kin Ng, Connie Lai-Wah Chan, Lai-Ming Ho, Yee-Man Yu, Li-Xing Lao
BACKGROUND: Conventional approaches for benzodiazepine tapering have their limitations. Anecdotal studies have shown that acupuncture is a potential treatment for facilitating successful benzodiazepine tapering. As of today, there was no randomized controlled trial examining its efficacy and safety. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of using electroacupuncture as an adjunct treatment to gradual tapering of benzodiazepine doses in complete benzodiazepine cessation in long-term benzodiazepine users...
March 31, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350757/acupuncture-for-menopausal-hot-flashes-clinical-evidence-update-and-its-relevance-to-decision-making
#10
Carolyn Ee, Simon D French, Charlie C Xue, Marie Pirotta, Helena Teede
OBJECTIVE: There is conflicting evidence on the efficacy and effectiveness of acupuncture for menopausal hot flashes. This article synthesizes the best available evidence for when women are considering whether acupuncture might be useful for menopausal hot flashes. METHODS: We searched electronic databases to identify randomized controlled trials and systematic reviews of acupuncture for menopausal hot flushes. RESULTS: The overall evidence demonstrates that acupuncture is effective when compared with no treatment, but not efficacious compared with sham...
March 27, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334999/rewiring-the-primary-somatosensory-cortex-in-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-with-acupuncture
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Yumi Maeda, Hyungjun Kim, Norman Kettner, Jieun Kim, Stephen Cina, Cristina Malatesta, Jessica Gerber, Claire McManus, Rebecca Ong-Sutherland, Pia Mezzacappa, Alexandra Libby, Ishtiaq Mawla, Leslie R Morse, Ted J Kaptchuk, Joseph Audette, Vitaly Napadow
Carpal tunnel syndrome is the most common entrapment neuropathy, affecting the median nerve at the wrist. Acupuncture is a minimally-invasive and conservative therapeutic option, and while rooted in a complex practice ritual, acupuncture overlaps significantly with many conventional peripherally-focused neuromodulatory therapies. However, the neurophysiological mechanisms by which acupuncture impacts accepted subjective/psychological and objective/physiological outcomes are not well understood. Eligible patients (n = 80, 65 female, age: 49...
April 1, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326925/interaction-of-acupuncture-treatment-and-manipulation-laterality-modulated-by-the-default-mode-network
#12
Xuan Niu, Ming Zhang, Zhenyu Liu, Lijun Bai, Chuanzhu Sun, Shan Wang, Xiaocui Wang, Zhen Chen, Hongyan Chen, Jie Tian
Appropriate selection of ipsilateral or contralateral electroacupuncture (corresponding to the pain site) plays an important role in reaching its better curative effect; however, the involving brain mechanism still remains unclear. Compared with the heat pain model generally established in previous study, capsaicin pain model induces reversible cutaneous allodynia and is proved to be better simulating aspects of clinical nociceptive and neuropathic pain. In the current study, 24 subjects were randomly divided into two groups with a 2 × 2 factorial design: laterality (ipsi- or contralateral side, inter-subject) × treatment with counter-balanced at an interval of one week (verum and placebo electroacupuncture, within-subject)...
January 2017: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274268/acupuncture-treatment-for-insulin-sensitivity-of-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-insulin-resistance-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Juan Li, Ernest Hung Yu Ng, Elisabet Stener-Victorin, Zhenxing Hu, Xiaoguang Shao, Haiyan Wang, Meifang Li, Maohua Lai, Changcai Xie, Nianjun Su, Chuyi Yu, Jia Liu, Taixiang Wu, Hongxia Ma
BACKGROUND: Our prospective pilot study of acupuncture affecting insulin sensitivity on polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) combined with insulin resistance (IR) showed that acupuncture had a significant effect on improving the insulin sensitivity of PCOS. But there is still no randomized controlled trial to determine the effect of acupuncture on the insulin sensitivity in women with PCOS and IR. In this article, we present the protocol of a randomized controlled trial to compare the effect of true acupuncture on the insulin sensitivity of these patients compared with metformin and sham acupuncture...
March 9, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254107/protocol-testing-the-relevance-of-acupuncture-theory-in-the-treatment-of%C3%A2-myofascial-pain-in-the-upper-trapezius-muscle
#14
Dale S Elsdon, Selina Spanswick, Chris Zaslawski, Peter C Meier
A protocol for a prospective single-blind parallel four-arm randomized placebo-controlled trial with repeated measures was designed to test the effects of various acupuncture methods compared with sham. Eighty self-selected participants with myofascial pain in the upper trapezius muscle were randomized into four groups. Group 1 received acupuncture to a myofascial trigger point (MTrP) in the upper trapezius. Group 2 received acupuncture to the MTrP in addition to relevant distal points. Group 3 received acupuncture to the relevant distal points only...
January 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254106/development-of-acupuncture-and-moxibustion-protocol-in-a-clinical-trial-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#15
Joyce K Anastasi, Bernadette Capili, Michelle Chang
Traditional Chinese medicine encompasses many different practices, most notably acupuncture and moxibustion. Traditionally, these modalities are used in combination to augment treatment but seldom are they tested together in clinical studies. Numerous acupuncture studies have been conducted in Asia, Europe, and the United States but there have been few randomized controlled trials utilizing moxibustion outside of East Asia. Limited studies have described the use of a moxibustion control or placebo procedure...
January 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251729/sham-acupuncture-is-as-efficacious-as-true-acupuncture-for-the-treatment-of-ibs-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#16
C Lowe, A Aiken, A G Day, W Depew, S J Vanner
BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients increasingly seek out acupuncture therapy to alleviate symptoms, but it is unclear whether the benefit is due to a treatment-specific effect or a placebo response. This study examined whether true acupuncture is superior to sham acupuncture in relieving IBS symptoms and whether benefits were linked to purported acupuncture mechanisms. METHODS: A double blind sham controlled acupuncture study was conducted with Rome I IBS patients receiving twice weekly true acupuncture for 4 weeks (n=43) or sham acupuncture (n=36)...
March 2, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249650/interventions-for-the-management-of-radiotherapy-induced-xerostomia-and-hyposalivation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Valeria Mercadante, Arwa Al Hamad, Giovanni Lodi, Stephen Porter, Stefano Fedele
INTRODUCTION: Salivary gland hypofunction is a common and permanent adverse effect of radiotherapy to the head and neck. Randomised trials of available treatment modalities have produced unclear results and offer little reliable guidance for clinicians to inform evidence-based therapy. We have undertaken this systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the effectiveness of available interventions for radiotherapy-induced xerostomia and hyposalivation. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Cochrane Central, EMBASE, AMED, and CINAHL database through July 2016 for randomised controlled trials comparing any topical or systemic intervention to active and/or non-active controls for the treatment of radiotherapy-induced xerostomia...
March 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219657/non-pharmacological-treatments-for-pain-relief-tens-and-acupuncture
#18
Anne Coutaux
Acupuncture and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) are non-pharmacological methods that have been used for millennia to relieve pain. As with all complementary treatments, efficacy evaluations face two hurdles: the non-feasibility of double-blinding and the difficulty in identifying the optimal control population or treatment. Nevertheless, recent studies of good methodological quality have demonstrated benefits in many types of pain compared to conventional treatment. The mechanisms of action of acupuncture and TENS, which are increasingly well understood, involve endogenous pain control systems, cerebral plasticity, and nonspecific effects (e...
February 20, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192793/nonpharmacologic-therapies-for-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-for-an-american-college-of-physicians-clinical-practice-guideline
#19
REVIEW
Roger Chou, Richard Deyo, Janna Friedly, Andrea Skelly, Robin Hashimoto, Melissa Weimer, Rochelle Fu, Tracy Dana, Paul Kraegel, Jessica Griffin, Sara Grusing, Erika D Brodt
Background: A 2007 American College of Physicians guideline addressed nonpharmacologic treatment options for low back pain. New evidence is now available. Purpose: To systematically review the current evidence on nonpharmacologic therapies for acute or chronic nonradicular or radicular low back pain. Data Sources: Ovid MEDLINE (January 2008 through February 2016), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and reference lists...
April 4, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181687/acupuncture-for-acute-hordeolum
#20
REVIEW
Ke Cheng, Andrew Law, Menghu Guo, L Susan Wieland, Xueyong Shen, Lixing Lao
BACKGROUND: Hordeolum is an acute, purulent inflammation of the eyelid margin usually caused by obstructed orifices of the sebaceous glands of the eyelid. The condition, which affects sebaceous glands internally or externally, is common. When the meibomian gland in the tarsal plate is affected, internal hordeolum occurs, while when the glands of Zeis or Moll associated with eyelash follicles are affected, external hordeolum, or stye occurs. The onset of hordeolum is usually self limited, and may resolve in about a week with spontaneous drainage of the abscess...
February 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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