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Acupuncture placebo

Adam S Cheifetz, Robert Gianotti, Raphael Luber, Peter R Gibson
Patients and physicians often have many questions regarding the role of complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs), or non-allopathic therapies, for inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). CAMs of various forms are used by more than half of patients with IBD during some point in their disease course. We summarize the available evidence for the most commonly used and discussed CAMs. We discuss evidence for the effects of herbs (such as cannabis and curcumin), probiotics, acupuncture, exercise, and mind-body therapy...
October 12, 2016: Gastroenterology
Amy O'Donnell, Catherine McParlin, Stephen C Robson, Fiona Beyer, Eoin Moloney, Andrew Bryant, Jennifer Bradley, Colin Muirhead, Catherine Nelson-Piercy, Dorothy Newbury-Birch, Justine Norman, Emma Simpson, Brian Swallow, Laura Yates, Luke Vale
BACKGROUND: Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) affects up to 85% of all women during pregnancy, but for the majority self-management suffices. For the remainder, symptoms are more severe and the most severe form of NVP - hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) - affects 0.3-1.0% of pregnant women. There is no widely accepted point at which NVP becomes HG. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the relative clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of treatments for NVP and HG...
October 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Jill Brook Hervik, Trine Stub
PURPOSE: To access frequency and severity of adverse effects (AE) of non-hormonal drugs (NHD) for hot flashes in breast cancer survivors compared to controls and analyze adverse-effect risk by reviewing published randomized trials. METHODS: Cochrane Central Register for Controlled Trials, Embase, Medline, PsycINFO and PubMed databases were searched. Trials were included where participants were survivors of breast cancer suffering from hot flashes, treatment included self-administered venlafaxine, gabapentin or clonidine, and AE were reported...
November 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Vojtěch Mornstein, Jiří Beneš, Zdeněk Mrozek, Štěpán Svačina
This article gives information on selected alternative medicine methods (AMM) under conditions of the Czech health care system. They can be defined as contemporaneous diagnostic and therapeutic methods which differ in their theoretical fundaments as well as practices from the evidence based medicine. This definition is controversial because these methods are an intrinsically incompatible aggregate of modalities acting as a placebo above all. We can encounter many "therapeutic" and "examination" methods which are practiced namely by healers without formal medical education, and connected closely with esotericism...
2016: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
Hong-Rui Zhan, Zhong-Si Hong, Yi-Shen Chen, Hai-Yu Hong, Ze-Bin Weng, Zhang-Bin Yang, Jing-Li Shi, Zhong-Ben Chen
OBJECTIVE: To study a non-drug therapy for hypertension disease by combining percutaneous laser and electric pulse stimulation to acupoint with music, and to test the efficiency of the combining treatment to grade 1 essential hypertension. METHODS: A total of 174 patients with grade 1 essential hypertension were randomly assigned to 3 groups with a random number table after Chinese medicine (CM) syndrome differentiation: the photoelectric and musical treatment group (Group 1, with a self-developed multi-mode audio frequency pulse photoelectric therapeutic apparatus), acupuncture group (Group 2), and oral placebo group (Group 3), 58 cases per group...
September 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Lisa Corbin, Rebecca Childs, Caitlin Dilli, Mary K Christian, Ban Wong, Daisy Dong-Cedar, Benzi M Kluger
Background: Acupuncture use is increasing worldwide for many conditions, including movement disorders. Clinical research in acupuncture has also increased to test anecdotal reports of clinical benefits empirically and investigate potential mechanisms. Method: This article describes considerations for designing a double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial of acupuncture for fatigue in Parkinson's disease (PD) and describes the current authors' experience in the implementation and early conduct of this trial...
August 1, 2016: Medical Acupuncture
Ai Yang, Hong Mei Wu, Jin-Ling Tang, Li Xu, Ming Yang, Guan J Liu
BACKGROUND: Stroke is the second most common cause of death in the world and in China it has now become the main cause of death. It is also a main cause of adult disability and dependency. Acupuncture for stroke has been used in China for hundreds of years and is increasingly practiced in some Western countries. This is an update of the Cochrane review originally published in 2006 . OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy and safety of acupuncture therapy in people with subacute and chronic stroke...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Andrea Ushinohama, Bianca P Cunha, Leonardo O P Costa, Ana M F Barela, Paulo B de Freitas
BACKGROUND: Ear Acupuncture (EA) is a form of acupuncture in which needles are applied to the external ear and has been used in multiple painful conditions. Low back pain (LBP) is highly prevalent in active individuals and causes high economic burden to health systems worldwide. LBP affects the person's ability to keep balance, especially in challenging conditions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine the effects of a single session of EA on pain intensity and body sway during postural tasks...
July 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Dwi R Helianthi, Christina Simadibrata, Adiningsih Srilestari, Edy R Wahyudi, Rudy Hidayat
AIM: to compare the effectiveness of active laser acupuncture with placebo on reducing pain intensity and improving functional outcome in geriatric patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: a double-blind randomized controlled trial was conducted in geriatrics with knee OA at Medical Acupuncture Outpatient Clinic, Integrated Geriatric Outpatient Clinic, Rheumatology Outpatient Clinic of Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, during May to October 2015. Sixty two patients with knee OA were randomly assigned into two groups: active laser acupuncture group or placebo laser acupuncture group...
April 2016: Acta Medica Indonesiana
Luís Carlos, Lóris Aparecida Prado da Cruz, Vanessa Cristina Leopoldo, Fabrício Ribeiro de Campos, Ana Maria de Almeida, Renata Cristina de Campos Pereira Silveira
OBJECTIVE: to identify and synthesize the evidence from randomized clinical trials that tested the effectiveness of traditional Chinese acupuncture in relation to sham acupuncture for the treatment of hot flashes in menopausal women with breast cancer. METHOD: systematic review guided by the recommendations of the Cochrane Collaboration. Citations were searched in the following databases: MEDLINE via PubMed, Web of Science, CENTRAL, CINAHL, and LILACS. A combination of the following keywords was used: breast neoplasm, acupuncture, acupuncture therapy, acupuncture points, placebos, sham treatment, hot flashes, hot flushes, menopause, climacteric, and vasomotor symptoms...
2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Kelun Wang, Dennis Boye Larsen, Tanja Kim Jensen, Tiejun Liu, Zhuxuan Liu, Lars Arendt-Nielsen
BACKGROUND/AIM: To potentially enhance the effects of conventional acupuncture, a novel acu-vibrator (prototype) has been developed to perform vibro-acupuncture (VA). The aim of this psychophysical study was to investigate the subjective sensations of VA compared with conventional manual acupuncture (MA) and non-penetrating sham acupuncture (SA). METHODS: 30 young healthy volunteers (21 men and 9 women) received VA, MA, and SA at LI4 and LI10 in a randomised, single-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over manner...
October 2016: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
Wing-Fai Yeung, Ka-Fai Chung, Yee-Man Branda Yu, Lixing Lao
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have investigated the predictors of the specific and non-specific effects of acupuncture. The aim of this secondary analysis was to determine patient characteristics that may predict a better treatment response to acupuncture for insomnia. METHODS: We pooled the data of three randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials of acupuncture for insomnia to examine sociodemographic variables, clinical characteristics, baseline sleep-wake variables, and treatment expectancy in relation to acupuncture response...
August 8, 2016: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
A Kaufmann, R Kirschner-Hermanns
The syndrome of overactive bladder (OAB) with the symptoms of frequency, urgency and nocturia is often seen. After the diagnosis has been made by careful exclusion of other conditions, there are different symptomatic treatment strategies available. These include drug treatment as well as minimally invasive local surgical treatments and treatments which intervene with the control of the bladder by modulating central nervous areas. Alternative methods such as acupuncture may help in individual cases; the placebo effect is high and there is a lack of controlled studies...
August 2016: Aktuelle Urologie
Anja Schaible, Katja Schwan, Thomas Bruckner, Konstanze Plaschke, Markus W Büchler, Markus Weigand, Peter Sauer, Christian Bopp, Phillip Knebel
BACKGROUND: Sedation prior to esophagogastroduodenoscopy is widespread and increases patient comfort. However, it demands additional trained personnel, accounts for up to 40 % of total endoscopy costs and impedes rapid hospital discharge. Most patients lose at least one day of work. 98 % of all serious adverse events occurring during esophagogastroduodenoscopy are ascribed to sedation. Acupuncture is reported to be effective as a supportive intervention for gastrointestinal endoscopy, similar to conventional premedication...
2016: Trials
Sook-Hyun Lee, Sung Min Lim
BACKGROUND: Insomnia is the common complaint among patients with stroke. Acupuncture has increasingly been used for insomnia relief after stroke. The aim of the present study was to summarize and evaluate evidence on the effectiveness of acupuncture in relieving insomnia after stroke. METHODS: Seven databases were searched from inception through October 2014 without language restrictions. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included if acupuncture was compared to placebo or other conventional therapy for treatment of insomnia after stroke...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Paola Urroz, Ben Colagiuri, Caroline A Smith, Alan Yeung, Birinder S Cheema
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the effect of acupuncture administered immediately following a graded exercise test (GXT) on physiological measures of recovery and determine if instruction (expectancy) affected the responses. METHODS: A balanced-placebo 2 × 2 factorial design was used with treatment (real vs placebo acupuncture) and instruction (told real vs told placebo acupuncture) as factors; a no-treatment control group was also included to compare the treatment responses to no treatment...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Remy R Coeytaux, Deanna Befus
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the current evidence that evaluates the effectiveness of acupuncture for the treatment or prevention of migraine, tension-type headache, and chronic headache disorders. METHODS: Findings from selected systematic reviews and meta-analyses are summarized. RESULTS: Recently published systematic reviews and meta-analyses demonstrate that acupuncture is associated with improved clinical outcomes compared to routine care only, medical management, and sham acupuncture 2 months after randomization...
July 2016: Headache
Ling Fan, Wenbin Fu, Zhao Chen, Nenggui Xu, Jianhua Liu, Aiping Lü, Shengyong Su, Taixiang Wu, Aihua Ou
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of acupuncture on the quality of life in patients with depression by clinical randomized single-blind placebo-controlled study. METHODS: one hundred and sixty-three cases of depression according with the inclusion criteria were randomly divided into a group of acupuncture dredging liver and regulating flow of theosophy (group 1), a group of acupoint shallow stab (group 2) and a group of non-acupoint shallow stab (group 3) at 1 : 1 : 1 ratio, and treated with acupuncture, moxibustion, and intradermal embedding of needle, twice a week, for a total of 12 weeks...
April 2016: Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chung i Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan
Enhui He, Yinxi Chen, Hongfang Tian, Jiping Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To verify the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) for female stress urinary incontinence (SU). METHODS: Forty-two patients were randomly divided into an observation group(20 cases) and a control group (22 cases). EA at Zhongliao (BL 33) and Huiyang (BL 35) was used in the observation group. Sham acupuncture at non meridian points, one can beside Zhongliao (BL 33) and Huiyang (BL 35), was applied, and placebo EA was adopted in the control group. Treatment with needle retained for 30 min a time was given once every other day and three times a week for continuous six weeks in the two groups...
April 2016: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Klaus Linde, Gianni Allais, Benno Brinkhaus, Yutong Fei, Michael Mehring, Emily A Vertosick, Andrew Vickers, Adrian R White
BACKGROUND: Acupuncture is often used for migraine prevention but its effectiveness is still controversial. We present an update of our Cochrane review from 2009. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether acupuncture is a) more effective than no prophylactic treatment/routine care only; b) more effective than sham (placebo) acupuncture; and c) as effective as prophylactic treatment with drugs in reducing headache frequency in adults with episodic migraine. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL: 2016, issue 1); MEDLINE (via Ovid, 2008 to January 2016); Ovid EMBASE (2008 to January 2016); and Ovid AMED (1985 to January 2016)...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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