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Acupuncture placebo

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343984/appropriateness-of-sham-or-placebo-acupuncture-for-randomized-controlled-trials-of-acupuncture-for-nonspecific-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Yan Xiang, Jinyuan He, Rui Li
Objectives: To establish whether sham acupuncture (SA) or placebo acupuncture (PA) is more efficacious for reducing low back pain (LBP) than other routine treatments and to discuss whether SA or PA is appropriate for randomized controlled trials of acupuncture for LBP. Methods: Six databases were searched on 31 May 2017. We included only randomized controlled trials of adults with LBP and lower back myofascial pain syndrome. The studies had at least two control arms: a sham-controlled acupuncture arm and a routine care or waiting list arm (people who did not receive acupuncture until the end of treatment)...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343693/phantom-acupuncture-induces-placebo-credibility-and-vicarious-sensations-a-parallel-fmri-study-of-low-back-pain-patients
#2
Meena M Makary, Jeungchan Lee, Eunyoung Lee, Seulgi Eun, Jieun Kim, Geon-Ho Jahng, Kiok Kim, You-Suk Youn, Jun-Hwan Lee, Kyungmo Park
Although acupuncture is an effective therapeutic intervention for pain reduction, the exact difference between real and sham acupuncture has not been clearly understood because a somatosensory tactile component is commonly included in the existing sham acupuncture protocols. In an event-related fMRI experiment, we implemented a novel form of sham acupuncture, phantom acupuncture, that reproduces the acupuncture needling procedure without somatosensory tactile stimulation while maintaining the credibility of the acupuncture treatment context...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325883/a-functional-neuroimaging-study-of-expectancy-effects-on-pain-response-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#3
Randy L Gollub, Irving Kirsch, Nasim Maleki, Ajay D Wasan, Robert R Edwards, Yiheng Tu, Ted J Kaptchuk, Jian Kong
Placebo treatments and healing rituals share much in common, such as the effects of expectancy, and have been used since the beginning of human history to treat pain. Previous mechanistic neuroimaging studies investigating the effects of expectancy on placebo analgesia have used young, healthy volunteers. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we aimed to investigate the neural mechanisms by which expectancy evokes analgesia in older adults living with a chronic pain disorder and determine whether there are interactions with active treatment...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275795/comparison-of-acupuncture-with-ibuprofen-for-pain-management-in-patients-with-symptomatic-irreversible-pulpitis-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#4
Haneesh Murugesan, Sujatha Venkatappan, Senthil Kumar Renganathan, Srinivasan Narasimhan, Mahalaxmi Sekar
Emergency pain management in symptomatic irreversible pulpitis commonly includes use of nonnarcotic analgesics. Acupuncture has been used in dentistry to alleviate pain after tooth extraction. The aim of this randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled clinical trial was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of acupuncture therapy and ibuprofen for pain management in such patients. A total of 157 patients participated in this study and were randomly assigned to three groups, Group I-classical acupuncture with placebo tablet, Group II-sham acupuncture with placebo tablet, and Group III-sham acupuncture with ibuprofen...
December 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262509/-efficacy-of-weitan-waifu-patch-on-the-postsurgical-gastroparesis-syndrome-of-gastrointestinal-cancer-a-multi-center-trial
#5
Q Zhou, M H Zuo, Q W Li, Y T Tian, Y B Xie, Y B Wang, G Y Yang, Y J Ye, P Guo, J P Liu, Z L Liu, C An, T Zhou, Z Tian, C B Liu, Y Hu, X Y Chi, Y Shen, Y Xia, K W Hu
Objective: To investigate the safety and efficacy of the Weitan Waifu patch on the postsurgical gastroparesis syndrome (PGS) of gastrointestinal cancer. Methods: The multi-center, double-blind, randomized controlled trial was conducted with superiority design. Patients with PGS of gastrointestinal cancer diagnosed in 4 AAA hospitals and the abdominal symptom manifested as cold syndrome by Chinese local syndrome differentiation were recruited. These patients were randomly divided into two groups according to 1∶1 proportion...
December 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260510/interventions-for-managing-taste-disturbances
#6
REVIEW
Sumanth Kumbargere Nagraj, Renjith P George, Naresh Shetty, David Levenson, Debra M Ferraiolo, Ashish Shrestha
BACKGROUND: The sense of taste is very much essential to the overall health of an individual. It is a necessary component to enjoy one's food, which in turn provides nutrition to an individual. Any disturbance in taste perception can hamper quality of life in such patients by influencing their appetite, body weight and psychological well-being. Taste disorders have been treated using different modalities of treatment and there is no consensus for the best intervention. Hence this Cochrane Review was undertaken...
December 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231592/-ultrasonic-imaging-research-at-ashi-points-in-neck-type-cervical-spondylosis
#7
Xiaoming Wu, Fengwei Tian, Zhaopeng Xie, Guifang Dong, Jianjun Li, Xi Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To conduct the preliminary positioning and qualitative research of high-frequency ultrasonic imaging at Ashi points (including tender points and trigger points) in neck-type cervical spondylosis and explore the relevant law so as to provide the evidence for the selection of acupuncture scheme. METHODS: Thirty patients in compliance with the diagnostic criteria of neck-type cervical spondylosis were selected. The trigger points, tender points and placebo points were positioned on any of the three available oriented lines...
April 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231586/-effects-of-acupuncture-on-peripheral-skeletal-muscle-exercise-ability-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-at-stable-phase
#8
Yan Ge, Hong Yao, Juan Tong, Ying He, Guiyuan Li, Xiang'ao Kong
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of acupuncture on improving the peripheral skeletal muscle exercise ability in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) at stable phase. METHODS: Forty-four patients were randomly divided into an observation group (24 cases) and a control group (20 cases). Based on regular western medication treatment and aerobic training, acupuncture was used in the observation group and placebo acupuncture was used in the control group...
April 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231443/-the-placebo-effects-of-acupuncture-and-moxibustion
#9
Yuru Song, Bo Chen, Yuan Xu, Yi Guo, Yang Gao
The role of placebo effect in acupuncture and moxibustion efficacy was explored. Through the analysis of multiple factors including trust, expectation, understanding, doctor-patient relationship and social cultural environment, etc. in the literature at home and abroad, it was found the placebo effects, including patient's cognition, expectation, attention, preference and communication with doctor as well as doctor's suggestion, expectation and indirect regulation of diagnosis and treatment environment on patient's psychology, were essential factors for acupuncture efficacy...
March 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220534/effects-of-acupuncture-treatment-on-fibromyalgia-symptoms-serotonin-and-substance-p-levels-a-randomized-sham-and-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#10
Saliha Karatay, Sibel Caglar Okur, Hulya Uzkeser, Kadir Yildirim, Fatih Akcay
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of acupuncture treatment on serum levels of serotonin and substance P (SP) as well as on clinical parameters in patients with fibromyalgia (FM). Methods: This is a randomized controlled clinical trial. Seventy-five women with FM were randomized into one of three kinds of acupuncture treatment: real acupuncture group (AcG), sham acupuncture group (ShG), and simulated acupuncture group (SiG). Treatments were applied semiweekly for four weeks...
December 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198932/acupuncture-for-chronic-pain-update-of-an-individual-patient-data-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Andrew J Vickers, Emily A Vertosick, George Lewith, Hugh MacPherson, Nadine E Foster, Karen J Sherman, Dominik Irnich, Claudia M Witt, Klaus Linde
Despite wide use in clinical practice, acupuncture remains a controversial treatment for chronic pain. Our objective was to update an individual patient data meta-analysis to determine the effect size of acupuncture for four chronic pain conditions.We searched MEDLINE and the Cochrane Central Registry of Controlled Trials randomized trials published up until December 31, 2015. We included randomized trials of acupuncture needling versus either sham acupuncture or no acupuncture control for non-specific musculoskeletal pain, osteoarthritis, chronic headache, or shoulder pain...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170340/43%C3%A2-management-of-acute-low-back-pain-in-the-ed-a-systematic-review
#12
Jane Ashbrook, Nikos Rodgdakis, Peter Goodwin, Gill Yeowell, Michael Callaghan
STUDY OBJECTIVE: There is no consensus on the management of low back pain in the ED and evidence suggests that these patients are likely to receive unwarranted imaging and inappropriate opioid prescription.The purpose of this study is to review the available literature pertaining to the clinical management of acute low back pain in the ED. METHODS: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) and Realist And Meta-narrative Evidence Syntheses: Evolving Standards (RAMESES) guidelines were observed during this review...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140486/the-national-cancer-institute-s-conference-on-acupuncture-for-symptom-management-in-oncology-state-of-the-science-evidence-and-research-gaps
#13
Farah Z Zia, Oluwadamilola Olaku, Ting Bao, Ann Berger, Gary Deng, Arthur Yin Fan, Mary K Garcia, Patricia M Herman, Ted J Kaptchuk, Elena J Ladas, Helene M Langevin, Lixing Lao, Weidong Lu, Vitaly Napadow, Richard C Niemtzow, Andrew J Vickers, Xin Shelley Wang, Claudia M Witt, Jun J Mao
The Division of Cancer Treatment and Diagnosis, Office of Cancer Complementary and Alternative Medicine, at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) held a symposium on "Acupuncture for Cancer Symptom Management" on June 16 and 17, 2016. Invited speakers included 19 scientists and scholars with expertise in acupuncture and cancer research from the United States, Europe, and China. The conference reviewed the NCI's grant funding on acupuncture, analyzed the needs of cancer patients, reviewed safety issues, and assessed both the current scientific evidence and research gaps of acupuncture in oncology care...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130474/interventions-for-the-reduction-of-prescribed-opioid-use-in-chronic-non-cancer-pain
#14
REVIEW
Christopher Eccleston, Emma Fisher, Kyla H Thomas, Leslie Hearn, Sheena Derry, Cathy Stannard, Roger Knaggs, R Andrew Moore
BACKGROUND: This is the first update of the original Cochrane Review published in 2013. The conclusions of this review have not changed from the 2013 publication. People with chronic non-cancer pain who are prescribed and are taking opioids can have a history of long-term, high-dose opioid use without effective pain relief. In those without good pain relief, reduction of prescribed opioid dose may be the desired and shared goal of both patient and clinician. Simple, unsupervised reduction of opioid use is clinically challenging, and very difficult to achieve and maintain...
November 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127079/effect-of-acupuncture-and-chinese-herbal-medicine-on-subacute-stroke-outcomes-a-single-centre-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Jianqiao Fang, Crystal Lynn Keeler, Lifang Chen, Ruijie Ma, Chao Wang, Shouyu Xu
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether integrative medicine, combining acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine with conventional rehabilitation during subacute stroke, is an effective comprehensive rehabilitation strategy for daily life activities, neurological deficits, motor dysfunction, cognitive impairment and depression. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial: patients were randomly assigned to a conventional rehabilitation (CR) group or an integrative medicine rehabilitation (IMR) group with CR plus acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine...
November 10, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080199/to-be-or-not-to-be-the-calculated-politics-of-acupuncture-in-jama
#16
Chang-Zhen Gong, Wei Liu
Ten acupuncture-related articles were published in The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) between 1998 and 2017. Five studies showed positive results in terms of the effectiveness of acupuncture/Chinese medicine (CM); five studies showed negative results. This article summarizes the acupuncturerelated clinical trials published over the last 20 years in JAMA, and addresses what seems to be a fundamental ambivalence in Western medical journals regarding the scientific validity of acupuncture/CM...
November 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078971/acupuncture-effect-on-pain-mouth-opening-limitation-and-on-the-energy-meridians-in-patients-with-temporomandibular-dysfunction-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Vera Lr Zotelli, Cássia M Grillo, Maria Lb Gil, Ronaldo S Wada, Jorge E Sato, Maria da Luz Rosário de Sousa
Temporomandibular disorders (TMD), recognized as the most common conditions of chronic orofacial pain, have a multifactorial etiology. Acupuncture can help to relieve the pain and discomfort associated with these conditions, because it can rebalance the energy (Qi) circulating in the meridians. The aim of the study was to verify the effectiveness of acupuncture in treating the pain; mouth opening limitation, and energy circulating in the meridians of patients with TMD of muscular or mixed origin. This was a controlled, randomized, double-blind clinical trial conducted at the Piracicaba Dental School (FOP/Unicamp), in Piracicaba SP, Brazil...
October 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077705/effects-of-acupuncture-for-the-treatment-of-endometriosis-related-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Yang Xu, Wenli Zhao, Te Li, Ye Zhao, Huaien Bu, Shilin Song
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is a multifactorial, oestrogen-dependent, inflammatory, gynaecological condition that can result in long-lasting visceral pelvic pain and infertility. Acupuncture could be an effective treatment for endometriosis and may relieve pain. Our aim in the present study was to determine the effectiveness of acupuncture as a treatment for endometriosis-related pain. METHODS: In December 2016, six databases were searched for randomised controlled trials that determined the effectiveness of acupuncture in the treatment of endometriosis-related pain...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067139/influence-of-electroacupuncture-and-laser-acupuncture-on-treating-paresthesia-in-patients-submitted-to-combined-orthognathic-surgery-and-genioplasty
#19
Renata F de Oliveira, Ricardo S Goldman, Fausto Medeiros Mendes, Patricia Moreira de Freitas
Objective: The goal of this research was to observe the influence of electroacupuncture (EA) and laser-acupuncture on the return of tactile/pain sensitivity in patients who underwent orthognathic surgery. Materials and Methods: Thirty volunteers subjected to orthognathic surgery were evaluated and randomly divided into 2 groups, in which 3 treatments were evaluated: control (n = 30) (G0, medication + placebo laser treatment) and 2 experimental treatments (n = 15) (G1, medication + EA) or G2 (medication + laser-acupuncture)...
October 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055360/neuropathic-corneal-pain-approaches-for-management
#20
REVIEW
Gabriela Dieckmann, Sunali Goyal, Pedram Hamrah
Neuropathic pain is caused by a primary lesion or dysfunction of the nervous system and can occur in the cornea. However, neuropathic corneal pain (NCP) is currently an ill-defined disease. Patients with NCP are extremely challenging to manage, and evidence-based clinical recommendations for the management of patients with NCP are scarce. The objectives of this review are to provide guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of patients with NCP and to summarize current evidence-based literature in this area. We performed a systematic literature search of all relevant publications between 1966 and 2017...
November 2017: Ophthalmology
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