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glucose in postoperative period

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876524/lower-extremity-weakness-is-associated-with-elevated-blood-and-cerebrospinal-fluid-glucose-levels-following-multibranched-endovascular-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#1
Jade S Hiramoto, Charlene Fernandez, Warren Gasper, Shant Vartanian, Linda Reilly, Timothy Chuter
OBJECTIVE: Hyperglycemia is associated with worsened clinical outcomes after central nervous system injury. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between lower extremity weakness (LEW) and the glucose levels of blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in patients undergoing multibranched endovascular aneurysm repair (MBEVAR) of thoracoabdominal and pararenal aortic aneurysms. METHODS: Blood and CSF samples were collected preoperatively, immediately after aneurysm repair, and on postoperative day 1 in 21 patients undergoing MBEVAR...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819771/glycemic-outcomes-three-years-after-implementation-of-a-perioperative-glycemic-control-algorithm-in-an-academic-institution
#2
Lindsay M Arnold, Mufaddal Mahesri, Marie E McDonnell, Sara M Alexanian
OBJECTIVE: While hyperglycemia in the postoperative setting has been linked to an increase in surgical complications, limited data is available to inform the management of patients with diabetes (DM) in the operating room and the immediate perioperative period. We describe the results of a perioperative glycemic control program that standardized intravenous insulin with a target glucose (BG) range of 120-180 mg/dL for patients with DM presenting with a BG level > 180mg/dL and included transition to subcutaneous insulin...
November 7, 2016: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801414/-incretin-secretion-and-glucose-metabolism-in-morbidly-obese-patients-in-the-early-and-late-periods-after-biliopancreatic-diversion
#3
I I Dedov, G A Mel'nichenko, E A Troshina, E V Ershova, N V Mazurina, N A Ogneva, Yu I Yashkov, A V Il'in
AIM: To estimate the parameters of glucose metabolism and to assess the secretion of incretins in patients after biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) for morbid obesity (MO) in the early and late postoperative periods. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The prospective part of the investigation included 22 patients with a body mass index of 35.8 to 68.4 kg/m2 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). All the patients were examined before, 3 weeks and 3 months after BPD. The retrospective part covered 23 patients who were examined after BPD for MO; the postoperative period was 4...
2016: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795903/effects-of-pressure-controlled-and-volume-controlled-ventilation-on-respiratory-mechanics-and-systemic-stress-response-during-prone-position
#4
Oznur Sen, Mefkur Bakan, Tarik Umutoglu, Nurdan Aydın, Mehmet Toptas, Ibrahim Akkoc
BACKGROUND: Prone position during general anesthesia for special surgical operations may be related with increased airway pressure, decreased pulmonary and thoracic compliance that may be explained by restriction of chest expansion and compression of abdomen. The optimum ventilation mode for anesthetized patients on prone position was not described and studies comparing volume-controlled ventilation (VCV) and pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV) during prone position are limited. We hypothesized that PCV instead of VCV during prone position could achieve lower airway pressures and reduce the systemic stress response...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766549/daily-life-reflections-of-acromegaly-guidelines
#5
T Apaydin, H M Ozkaya, F E Keskin, O A Haliloglu, K Karababa, S Erdem, P Kadioglu
PURPOSE: To determine the differences in acromegaly diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up among Turkish endocrinologists, and to investigate how the published guidelines are applied in clinical practice. METHODS: The questionnaire was formatted as an electronic survey, conducted between November and December 2015, and sent weekly for 6 weeks via e-mail to 528 endocrinologists in Turkey. RESULTS: The questionnaire was answered by 37.4 % of endocrinologists...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749341/association-between-perioperative-hyperglycemia-or-glucose-variability-and-postoperative-acute-kidney-injury-after-liver-transplantation-a-retrospective-observational-study
#6
Seokha Yoo, Ho-Jin Lee, Hannah Lee, Ho-Geol Ryu
BACKGROUND: Glucose control can be difficult in the intraoperative and immediate postoperative period of liver transplantation. Hyperglycemia and glucose variability have been associated with acute kidney injury (AKI) in critically ill patients. We performed a retrospective study to test the hypothesis that perioperative glucose levels represented by time-weighted average glucose levels and glucose variability are independently associated with the incidence of postoperative AKI in patients undergoing liver transplantation...
October 4, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746527/impact-of-different-intravenous-fluids-on-blood-glucose-levels-in-nondiabetic-patients-undergoing-elective-major-noncardiac-surgeries
#7
Ranjana Khetarpal, Veena Chatrath, Jagjit Kaur, Anju Bala, Harjeet Singh
BACKGROUND: Intravenous (IV) fluids are an integral part of perioperative management. Intraoperative hyperglycemia is associated with poor clinical outcomes in patients undergoing major surgeries even in nondiabetics. AIM: This study was conducted to observe the effect of different maintenance fluid regimens on intraoperative blood glucose levels in nondiabetic patients undergoing major surgeries under general anesthesia. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Randomized double-blind study...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721242/laparoscopic-jejunoileal-side-to-side-anastomosis-for-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-chinese-patients-with-a-body-mass-index-of-24-32-kg-m-2
#8
Jin Li, Guangwei Xie, Qingzhong Tian, Yuanchao Hu, Qingliang Meng, Minkang Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Laparoscopic jejunoileal side-to-side anastomosis (LJISSA) is an upcoming procedure that offers good metabolic improvement without causing significant malabsorption. The objective of this study was to evaluate the results of this novel procedure for the control of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in patients with a body mass index (BMI) of 24-32 kg/m 2. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-seven patients with T2DM who underwent LJISSA between February 2010 and May 2013 were recruited in this study...
October 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683769/effects-of-long-term-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-on-body-weight-and-clinical-metabolic-comorbidities-in-bariatric-surgery-service-of-a-university-hospital
#9
Cátia Ferreira da Silva, Larissa Cohen, Luciana d'Abreu Sarmento, Felipe Monnerat Marino Rosa, Eliane Lopes Rosado, João Régis Ivar Carneiro, Antônio Augusto Peixoto de Souza, Fernanda Cristina Carvalho Mattos Magno
Background: Due to the high failure rate observed in the clinical treatment of morbid obesity an increase in bariatric surgery indications, as an alternative for the control of obesity and comorbidities, is noticeable. Aim: To evaluate the performance of type 2 diabetes mellitus, high blood pressure and dyslipidemia in patients submitted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in late follow-up. Methods: Retrospective analysis of 59 patients included in the bariatric surgery program...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623997/diabetes-improvement-and-resolution-following-laparoscopic-vertical-sleeve-gastrectomy-lvsg-versus-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-lrygb-procedures-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
Emma Osland, Rossita Mohamad Yunus, Shahjahan Khan, Breda Memon, Muhammed Ashraf Memon
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is growing in both developed and developing countries and is strongly linked with the prevalence of obesity. Bariatric surgical procedures such as laparoscopic vertical sleeve gastrectomy (LVSG) and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) are increasingly being utilized to manage related comorbid chronic conditions, including type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was undertaken using the PRISMA guidelines to investigate the postoperative impact on diabetes resolution following LVSG versus LRYGB...
September 13, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612595/changes-in-hba1c-levels-and-body-mass-index-after-successful-decompression-surgery-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-results-of-a-2-year-follow-up-study
#11
Kyoung-Tae Kim, Dae-Chul Cho, Joo-Kyung Sung, Chi Heon Kim, Hyun Kang, Du Hwan Kim
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) can hinder a patient's physical activity, which in turn can impair glucose tolerance and body weight regulation in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM-2). Therefore, successful lumbar surgery could facilitate glycemic control and body weight regulation. PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of postoperative improvement in physical activity on body mass index (BMI) and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level in patients with LSS and DM-2 over a 2-year follow-up period...
September 6, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570164/postoperative-hypoglycemia-is-associated-with-worse-outcomes-after-cardiac-operations
#12
Lily E Johnston, Jennifer L Kirby, Emily A Downs, Damien J LaPar, Ravi K Ghanta, Gorav Ailawadi, Benjamin D Kozower, Irving L Kron, Anthony L McCall, James M Isbell
BACKGROUND: Hypoglycemia is a known risk of intensive postoperative glucose control in patients undergoing cardiac operations. However, neither the consequences of hypoglycemia relative to hyperglycemia, nor the possible interaction effects, have been well described. We examined the effects of postoperative hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, and their interaction on short-term morbidity and mortality. METHODS: Single-institution Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) database patient records from 2010 to 2014 were merged with clinical data, including blood glucose values measured in the intensive care unit (ICU)...
August 25, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556627/regional-oxygen-saturation-index-a-novel-criterion-for-free-flap-assessment-using-tissue-oximetry
#13
Shinsuke Akita, Nobuyuki Mitsukawa, Hideki Tokumoto, Yoshitaka Kubota, Motone Kuriyama, Yoshitaro Sasahara, Yoshihisa Yamaji, Kaneshige Satoh
BACKGROUND: Tissue oximetry is a useful tool for postoperative free flap monitoring. Reported criterion values have been accurate; however, there are various complicated author-dependent criteria, and sometimes it is too late for flap salvage. The authors offer a new, simple criterion for faster and accurate detection of perfusion problems. METHODS: Intraoperatively, perfusion areas of various free perforator flaps were assessed by both indocyanine green angiography and regional oxygen saturation...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545956/efficacy-of-single-anastomosis-sleeve-ileal-sasi-bypass-for-type-2-diabetic-morbid-obese-patients-gastric-bipartition-a-novel-metabolic-surgery-procedure-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#14
T Mahdy, A Al Wahedi, C Schou
INTRODUCTION: The single anastomosis sleeve ileal (SASI) bypass is a Novel Metabolic/Bariatric Surgery operation based on mini gastric bypass operation and Santoro's operation in which a sleeve gastrectomy is followed by a side to side gastro-ileal anastomosis. The purpose of this Study is to report the clinical results of the outcomes of SASI bypass as a therapeutic option for obese T2DM patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of type 2 diabetic obese patients who underwent SASI bypass at one hospital from March 1, 2013 to December 31, 2014...
August 19, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539217/diagnosis-and-surgical-management-of-insulinomas-in-33-consecutive-patients-at-a-single-institution
#15
Jishu Wei, Xinchun Liu, Junli Wu, Wenbin Xu, Wentao Gao, Kuirong Jiang, Zhihong Zhang, Yi Miao
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnosis and surgical management of insulinomas in a single-center setting. METHODS: Demographic details, clinical presentation, preoperative diagnosis, surgical strategy, and outcomes of 33 consecutive patients who underwent surgery for insulinoma were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: The median time from the first onset of symptoms to diagnosis was 24 months (range 3 days to 50 years)...
August 19, 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502739/tumor-features-and-survival-after-radical-prostatectomy-among-antidiabetic-drug-users
#16
R M Joentausta, P M Kujala, T Visakorpi, T L J Tammela, T J Murtola
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the association between use of metformin and other antidiabetic drugs with tumor characteristics and survival in surgically managed prostate cancer (PCa) patients. METHODS: The study population included 1314 men who underwent radical prostatectomy at the Tampere University Hospital during 1995-2009. Causes of deaths were collected from the Finnish Cancer Registry. Individual-level data on medication use during 1995-2009 was obtained from national prescription database...
August 9, 2016: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499142/use-of-video-based-education-and-tele-health-home-monitoring-after-liver-transplantation-results-of-a-novel-pilot-study
#17
Audrey E Ertel, Tiffany E Kaiser, Daniel E Abbott, Shimul A Shah
BACKGROUND: In this observational study, we analyzed the feasibility and early results of a perioperative, video-based educational program and tele-health home monitoring model on postoperative care management and readmissions for patients undergoing liver transplantation. METHODS: Twenty consecutive liver transplantation recipients were provided with tele-health home monitoring and an educational video program during the perioperative period. Vital statistics were tracked and monitored daily with emphasis placed on readings outside of the normal range (threshold violations)...
October 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450209/the-effects-of-optimal-perioperative-glucose-control-on-morbidly-obese-patients-undergoing-bariatric-surgery
#18
Jessica A Zaman, Neil Shah, Glen E Leverson, Jacob A Greenberg, Luke M Funk
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for morbidly obese type II diabetics. However, guidelines for perioperative glucose control are not well established. We examined management of perioperative glucose levels in diabetic patients undergoing bariatric surgery and determined the impact of optimal glucose control as defined by the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery (ASMBS) on patient outcomes, including long-term diabetes resolution. METHODS: A single-institution, retrospective analysis of 155 morbidly obese diabetic patients who underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass (RYGB) or sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) from 2010 to 2014 was performed...
July 22, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438798/association-between-perioperative-hyperglycemia-and-survival-in-patients-with-glioblastoma
#19
Katherine Hagan, Shreyas Bhavsar, Radha Arunkumar, Roxana Grasu, Anh Dang, Richard Carlson, Charles Cowles, Benjamin Arnold, Yuri Potylchansky, Thomas F Rahlfs, Ian Lipski, Caroline Walsh, Federico Jimenez, Anh T Nguyen, Lei Feng, Juan P Cata
BACKGROUND: Several studies have examined the association between hyperglycemia in the first 10 to 12 weeks following surgery and postoperative survival in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) patients. We hypothesize that episodes of hyperglycemia before, during and/or following surgery for primary GBM are independent predictors of disease progression and mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 162 adult patients were included in the analysis. All patients received adjuvant temozolamide...
July 19, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27425832/gastric-volume-reduction-is-essential-for-the-remission-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-after-bariatric-surgery-in-nonobese-rats
#20
Xiong Zhang, Bo Yu, Dan Yang, Zhengdong Qiao, Ting Cao, Peng Zhang
BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) has shown positive outcomes in the remission of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and weight loss in obese patients by inhibiting food intake and nutrient absorption as well as inducing favorable hormonal changes. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether gastric volume reduction is still required in addition to intestinal bypass for the purpose of T2D remission in nonobese patients. SETTING: University Medical Center...
April 20, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
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