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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935129/environmental-design-for-end-of-life-care-an-integrative-review-on-improving-quality-of-life-and-managing-symptoms-for-patients-in-institutional-settings
#1
REVIEW
Rana Sagha Zadeh, Paul Eshelman, Judith Setla, Laura Kennedy, Emily Hon, Aleksa Basara
CONTEXT: The environment in which end-of-life care is delivered can support or detract from the physical, psychological, social, and spiritual needs of patients, their families, and their caretakers. OBJECTIVES: This review aims to organize and analyze the existing evidence related to environmental design factors that improve the quality of life and total well-being of people involved in end-of-life care and to clarify directions for future research. METHOD: This integrated literature review synthesized and summarized research evidence from the fields of medicine, environmental psychology, nursing, palliative care, architecture, interior design, and evidence-based design...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934749/the-situation-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-integrative-medicine-in-finland-genuine-research-is-needed
#2
Peter Josef Zimmermann, Pauliina Aarva, Minna Sorsa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2017: Complementary Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934326/the-effect-of-electronic-health-record-software-design-on-resident-documentation-and-compliance-with-evidence-based-medicine
#3
Yasaira Rodriguez Torres, Jordan Huang, Melanie Mihlstin, Mark S Juzych, Heidi Kromrei, Frank S Hwang
This study aimed to determine the role of electronic health record software in resident education by evaluating documentation of 30 elements extracted from the American Academy of Ophthalmology Dry Eye Syndrome Preferred Practice Pattern. The Kresge Eye Institute transitioned to using electronic health record software in June 2013. We evaluated the charts of 331 patients examined in the resident ophthalmology clinic between September 1, 2011, and March 31, 2014, for an initial evaluation for dry eye syndrome...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934277/double-edged-sword-of-interdisciplinary-knowledge-flow-from-hard-sciences-to-humanities-and-social-sciences-evidence-from-china
#4
Meijun Liu, Dongbo Shi, Jiang Li
Humanities and Social Sciences (HSS) increasingly absorb knowledge from Hard Sciences, i.e., Science, Technology, Agriculture and Medicine (STAM), as testified by a growing number of citations. However, whether citing more Hard Sciences brings more citations to HSS remains to be investigated. Based on China's HSS articles indexed by the Web of Science during 1998-2014, this paper estimated two-way fixed effects negative binomial models, with journal effects and year effects. Findings include: (1) An inverse U-shaped curve was observed between the percentage of STAM references to the HSS articles and the number of citations they received; (2) STAM contributed increasing knowledge to China's HSS, while Science and Technology knowledge contributed more citations to HSS articles...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933919/re-chinese-tcm-renaissance-and-the-global-movement-for-integrative-health-and-medicine-by-weeks-j-altern-complement-med-2017-23-79-81
#5
Arthur Yin Fan, Sarah Faggert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933508/-skills-lab-training-in-veterinary-medicine-effective-preparation-for-clinical-work-at-the-small-animal-clinic-of-the-university-for-veterinary-medicine-hannover-foundation-effektive-vorbereitung-auf-die-klinische-t%C3%A3-tigkeit-am-beispiel-der-kleintierklinik
#6
Simon Engelskirchen, Jan Ehlers, Ansgar T Kirk, Andrea Tipold, Marc Dilly
OBJECTIVE: During five and a half years of studying veterinary medicine, students should in addition to theoretical knowledge acquire sufficient practical skills. Considering animal welfare and ethical aspects, opportunities for hands-on learning on living animals are limited because of the high annual number of students. The first German veterinary clinical-skills lab, established in 2013 at the University for Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation (TiHo), offers opportunities for all students to learn, train and repeat clinical skills on simulators and models as frequently as they would like, until they feel sufficiently confident to transfer these skills to living animals...
September 20, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933072/-metabolomics-research-of-medicinal-plants
#7
Li-Xin Duan, Yun-Tao Dai, Chao Sun, Shi-Lin Chen
Metabolomics is the comprehensively study of chemical processes involving small molecule metabolites. It is an important part of systems biology, and is widely applied in complex traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)system. Metabolites biosynthesized by medicinal plants are the effective basis for TCM. Metabolomics studies of medicinal plants will usher in a new period of vigorous development with the implementation of Herb Genome Program and the development of TCM synthetic biology. This manuscript introduces the recent research progresses of metabolomics technology and the main research contents of metabolomics studies for medicinal plants, including identification and quality evaluation for medicinal plants, cultivars breeding, stress resistance, metabolic pathways, metabolic network, metabolic engineering and synthetic biology researches...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932749/vascular-tissue-engineering-effects-of-integrating-collagen-into-a-pcl-based-nanofiber-material
#8
Ulf Bertram, Dominik Steiner, Benjamin Poppitz, Dirk Dippold, Katrin Köhn, Justus P Beier, Rainer Detsch, Aldo R Boccaccini, Dirk W Schubert, Raymund E Horch, Andreas Arkudas
The engineering of vascular grafts is a growing field in regenerative medicine. Although numerous attempts have been made, the current vascular grafts made of polyurethane (PU), Dacron®, or Teflon® still display unsatisfying results. Electrospinning of biopolymers and native proteins has been in the focus of research to imitate the extracellular matrix (ECM) of vessels to produce a small caliber, off-the-shelf tissue engineered vascular graft (TEVG) as a substitute for poorly performing PU, Dacron, or Teflon prostheses...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932396/research-associates-program-expanding-clinical-research-productivity-with-undergraduate-students
#9
Wirachin Hoonpongsimanont, Preet K Sahota, Nathan N Ng, Maryam J Farooqui, Bharath Chakravarthy, Bhakti Patel, Shahram Lotfipour
OBJECTIVES: Clinical research is often time-consuming and difficult to conduct in busy academic institutions. Previous studies have proposed methods to integrate undergraduate students as a means to increase research productivity. The authors aimed to describe the possibility to enhance emergency department research productivity at an academic emergency department in the United States, using undergraduate students in an Emergency Medicine Research Associates Program. METHODS: The authors described the Emergency Medicine Research Associates Program curriculum and its implementation...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932251/a-metabolomics-based-strategy-for-the-mechanism-exploration-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-descurainia-sophia-seeds-extract-and-fractions-as-a-case-study
#10
Ning Zhou, Ya-Ping Sun, Xiao-Ke Zheng, Qiu-Hong Wang, Yan-Yun Yang, Zhi-Yao Bai, Hai-Xue Kuang, Wei-Sheng Feng
A UPLC-QTOF-MS based metabolomics research was conducted to explore potential biomarkers which would increase our understanding of the model and to assess the integral efficacy of Descurainia sophia seeds extract (DS-A). Additionally, DS-A was split into five fractions in descending order of polarity, which were utilized to illustrate the mechanism together. The 26 identified biomarkers were mainly related to disturbances in phenylalanine, tyrosine, tryptophan, purine, arginine, and proline metabolism. Furthermore, heat map, hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA), and correlation network diagram of biomarkers perturbed by modeling were all conducted...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931103/-current-situation-of-palliative-care-in-hungary-integrated-palliative-care-model-as-a-breakout-possibility
#11
Gábor Benyó, Miklós Lukács, Csilla Busa, László Mangel, Ágnes Csikós
Modern palliative-hospice care has gained space in Europe for more than 50 years. Since the initial empirical work of Cicely Saunders, palliative medicine has gained its place in evidence-based medicine in more and more countries. However, development, as in many other medical fields, is not uniform, there are big differences between countries in the world. There are also significant differences in development of care and the level of services within the European Union amongst Western and Eastern European countries...
September 20, 2017: Magyar Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930222/add-on-complementary-medicine-in-cancer-care-evidence-in-literature-and-experiences-of-integration
#12
REVIEW
Elio Rossi, Mariella Di Stefano, Fabio Firenzuoli, Maria Valeria Monechi, Sonia Baccetti
Background: According to the literature an increasing number of cancer patients demand for complementary therapies during their disease. Research has demonstrated that some of these therapies are effective and safe as adjunctive treatments in specific symptoms of these patients. Methods: The aims of the paper are to review the main and recent papers of international literature on the effectiveness of complementary medicine (CM) therapies on side effects of anti-cancer protocols and improvement in the quality of life of oncological patients, and to describe the integration of evidence-based acupuncture, herbal medicine and homeopathy treatments in Public Cancer Network of the region of Tuscany...
January 24, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930219/qigong-in-cancer-care-theory-evidence-base-and-practice
#13
Penelope Klein
Background: The purpose of this discussion is to explore the theory, evidence base, and practice of Qigong for individuals with cancer. Questions addressed are: What is qigong? How does it work? What evidence exists supporting its practice in integrative oncology? What barriers to wide-spread programming access exist? Methods: Sources for this discussion include a review of scholarly texts, the Internet, PubMed, field observations, and expert opinion. Results: Qigong is a gentle, mind/body exercise integral within Chinese medicine...
January 12, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929676/-understanding-and-development-strategy-of-health-food-containing-chinese-materia-medica
#14
REVIEW
Lin-Yuan Wang, Jian-Jun Zhang, Chun Wang, Jing-Xia Wang, Ying-Li Zhu, Jia Wang, Xue-Min Gao
Health food containing Chinese materia medica (CMM) conforms to the development demands of the age of big health and the theory of preventive treatment. In the view of health care and improvement of resisting diseases, it plays an important role in the market. It is very necessary to have further study and discussion on health food containing CMM. First of all, by comparing, analyzing and summarizing, the health food containing CMM could be defined as the health food which is qualified in security and functionality evaluation, with the traditional Chinese medicines(TCM) within TCM standards as the main raw materials, and the formulation-composition is based on the theory of TCM...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929219/3d-printing-for-clinical-application-in-otorhinolaryngology
#15
REVIEW
Nongping Zhong, Xia Zhao
Three-dimensional (3D) printing is a promising technology that can use a patient's image data to create complex and personalized constructs precisely. It has made great progress over the past few decades and has been widely used in medicine including medical modeling, surgical planning, medical education and training, prosthesis and implants. Three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting is a powerful tool that has the potential to fabricate bioengineered constructs of the desired shape layer-by-layer using computer-aided deposition of living cells and biomaterials...
September 19, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928789/the-long-term-course-of-outcomes-for-lumbar-intervertebral-disc-herniation-following-integrated-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-inpatient-treatment-a-prospective-observational-study
#16
Moon-Hwi Kim, Yoon Jae Lee, Joon-Shik Shin, Jinho Lee, Haechan Jeong, Me-Riong Kim, Sam-Min Park, Ung Go, Sung-Moon Kim, Jae-Yeong Kim, Dong-Gyu Hwang, In-Hyuk Ha
A prospective observational study was conducted in 524 lumbar intervertebral disc herniation (LDH) inpatients to report the long-term effects of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatment. Participants received integrative CAM treatment during hospitalization, from June 2012 to May 2013, and long-term outcomes were assessed from July to August 2016. Numerical rating scales (NRSs) of back and leg pain, the Oswestry disability index (ODI), satisfaction, surgery, recurrence, and current care status were investigated...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928788/da-cheng-qi-decoction-combined-with-conventional-treatment-for-treating-postsurgical-gastrointestinal-dysfunction
#17
REVIEW
Wei Jin, Qingjie Li, Xiaoqiong Luo, Juan Zhong, Yang Song, Yiwei Li
AIM: To assess the current clinical evidence of the effectiveness of Da-Cheng-Qi Decoction (DCQD) for the treatment of Postoperative gastrointestinal dysfunction (PGD). METHODS: Randomized controlled trails (RCTs) of Da-Cheng-Qi Decoction (DCQD) to PGD were searched from available major electronic databases to September 2016. The intervention must be a modified DCQD or DCQD integrated to Western Medicine (WM) compared with WM or placebo or blank. The main outcome index was clinical effectiveness and improvement of major symptoms...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928190/interdisciplinary-model-of-care-radicals-for-early-detection-and-management-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-in-australian-primary-care-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Jenifer Liang, Michael J Abramson, Nicholas Zwar, Grant Russell, Anne E Holland, Billie Bonevski, Ajay Mahal, Benjamin van Hecke, Kirsten Phillips, Paula Eustace, Eldho Paul, Kate Petrie, Sally Wilson, Johnson George
INTRODUCTION: Up to half of all smokers develop clinically significant chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Gaps exist in the implementation and uptake of evidence-based guidelines for managing COPD in primary care. We describe the methodology of a cluster randomised controlled trial (cRCT) evaluating the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of an interdisciplinary model of care aimed at reducing the burden of smoking and COPD in Australian primary care settings. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A cRCT is being undertaken to evaluate an interdisciplinary model of care (RADICALS - Review of Airway Dysfunction and Interdisciplinary Community-based care of Adult Long-term Smokers)...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927448/barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementing-addiction-medicine-fellowships-a-qualitative-study-with-fellows-medical-students-residents-and-preceptors
#19
J Klimas, W Small, K Ahamad, W Cullen, A Mead, L Rieb, E Wood, R McNeil
BACKGROUND: Although progress in science has driven advances in addiction medicine, this subject has not been adequately taught to medical trainees and physicians. As a result, there has been poor integration of evidence-based practices in addiction medicine into physician training which has impeded addiction treatment and care. Recently, a number of training initiatives have emerged internationally, including the addiction medicine fellowships in Vancouver, Canada. This study was undertaken to examine barriers and facilitators of implementing addiction medicine fellowships...
September 20, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926830/a-distinctive-ictal-amplitude-integrated-electroencephalography-pattern-in-newborns-with-neonatal-epilepsy-associated-with-kcnq2-mutations
#20
Ana Vilan, José Mendes Ribeiro, Pasquale Striano, Sarah Weckhuysen, Lauren C Weeke, Eva Brilstra, Linda S de Vries, Maria Roberta Cilio
BACKGROUND: Recurrent and prolonged seizures are harmful for the developing brain, emphasizing the importance of early seizure recognition and effective therapy. Amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) has become a valuable tool to diagnose epileptic seizures, and, in parallel, genetic etiologies are increasingly being recognized, changing the paradigm of the workup and management of neonatal seizures. OBJECTIVE: To report the ictal aEEG pattern in neonates with KCNQ2-related epilepsy...
September 20, 2017: Neonatology
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