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RNA sequencing endometrium

Veronika L Flöter, Anne-Kathrin Lorenz, Benedikt Kirchner, Michael W Pfaffl, Stefan Bauersachs, Susanne E Ulbrich
Porcine conceptuses synthesize estrogens between day 11 and 12 as signal for maternal recognition of pregnancy. A preimplantational estrogen exposure to pregnant gilts has been associated with embryonic losses and changes in endometrial mRNA expression. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a key role in the mRNA regulation by modulating the expression. Effects of estrogens on endometrial miRNAs have not been investigated in this context so far. Thus, we studied the endometrial expression profile of miRNAs in the pig at gestational day 10 after daily estradiol-17β (E2) application starting at fertilization using either 0, 0...
March 15, 2018: Molecular Reproduction and Development
Min-Yan Chen, Guang-Dong Liao, Bin Zhou, Le-Ni Kang, Yan-Mei He, Shang-Wei Li
OBJECTIVES: To compare long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression levels in endometrium between patients with repeated implantation failure (RIF) following in vitro fertilization (IVF)-embryo transfer and control women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) and alignments were performed to identify lncRNAs and mRNAs using endometrial samples collected from 3 patients and 3 control women. A subset of 10 differentially expressed lncRNAs and 6 mRNAs were validated in all participants using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction...
January 1, 2018: Reproductive Sciences
Bei Jun Chen, Frances L Byrne, Konii Takenaka, Susan C Modesitt, Ellen M Olzomer, James D Mills, Rhonda Farrell, Kyle L Hoehn, Michael Janitz
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a naturally occurring family of non-coding RNA that may regulate gene expression in mammals. circRNAs are more stable than messenger RNAs due to their resistance to RNA exonuclease. A growing body of evidence has shown that the expression of circRNAs is regulated during development in a tissue-specific manner. CircRNAs have been implicated in a number of cancers; however, their role in endometrial cancer (EC) is completely unknown. Here, we report the circular transcriptome specific for EC as determined by RNA sequencing...
January 19, 2018: Oncotarget
Xi Wang, Qi Yu
Despite advances in our understanding of fertility, implantation failure remains a significant problem for both spontaneous and assisted pregnancies. Most research efforts concerning the process of implantation are embryo-centric, with a dearth of studies on endometrial factors. Currently, there are no practical and effective diagnostic tools available to precisely predict endometrial receptivity. Transcriptomics, a field based on microarray technology, has a number of procedures for clinical applications, although the functional relevance of most identified genes remains unclear...
January 22, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
Gregory W Burns, Kelsey E Brooks, Eleanore V O'Neil, Darren E Hagen, Susanta K Behura, Thomas E Spencer
Progesterone (P4) acts via the endometrium to promote conceptus growth and implantation for pregnancy establishment. Many cells release extracellular vesicles (EVs) that are membrane-bound vesicles of endosomal and plasma membrane origin. In sheep, endometrial-derived EVs were found to traffic to the conceptus trophectoderm. Thus, EVs are hypothesized to be an important mode of intercellular communication by transferring select RNAs, proteins, and lipids between the endometrium and conceptus. Electron microscopy analysis found that the endometrial luminal and glandular epithelia were the primary source of EVs in the uterus of cyclic sheep...
January 16, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
Bryan A Wee, Mark Thomas, Emma Louise Sweeney, Francesca D Frentiu, Melanie Samios, Jacques Ravel, Pawel Gajer, Garry Myers, Peter Timms, John A Allan, Wilhelmina M Huston
BACKGROUND: We know very little about the microbiota inhabiting the upper female reproductive tract and how it impacts on fertility. AIMS: This pilot study aimed to examine the vaginal, cervical and endometrial microbiota for women with a history of infertility compared to women with a history of fertility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a retrospective case-control study design, women were recruited for collection of vaginal, cervical and endometrial samples...
December 26, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Jin Huang, Nana Jin, Hao Qin, Xiao Shi, Yingyu Liu, Wingching Cheung, Chi Chiu Wang, Ting Fung Chan, Tin Chiu Li
AIM: To study the transcriptome profiles in the blood of recurrent implantation failure (RIF), recurrent miscarriage (RM) and fertile women during the window of implantation, and further analysis the correlation of transcriptome profiles between blood and endometrium. METHODS: This is an observational prospective study. In total 9 subjects were recruited, 3 RIF, 3 RM, and 3 controls. Paired samples (endometrium and peripheral blood) from the same subjects were precisely timed on the 7th days after luteal hormone surge (LH+7)...
2017: PloS One
Bei Jun Chen, Frances L Byrne, Konii Takenaka, Susan C Modesitt, Ellen M Olzomer, James D Mills, Rhonda Farrell, Kyle L Hoehn, Michael Janitz
Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecological malignancy in the developed world. It is the fifth most common cancer and accounts for 4.8% of all cancers in women. Long intergenic non-coding RNAs (lincRNAs), a subclass of long non-coding RNAs, are pervasively transcribed throughout the human genome. OBJECTIVE: LincRNA expression patterns in endometrial cancer compared to normal healthy tissue are poorly characterised. In this study, the lincRNA transcriptome of endometrial cancers and adjacent normal endometrium from the same patients was sequenced and compared with transcriptomes of other gynaecologic malignancies including ovarian and cervical cancers...
December 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
Stefan Bauersachs, Constantine A Simintiras, Roger G Sturmey, Stefan Krebs, Jochen Bick, Helmut Blum, Eckhard Wolf, Pat Lonergan, Niamh Forde
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the metabolic stresses associated with lactation alter the ability of the endometrium to respond appropriately to the conceptus by examining endometrial gene expression on day 19 of pregnancy. Immediately after calving, primiparous Holstein cows with similar production and fertility estimated breeding values were randomly divided into two groups and either dried off (i.e. never milked) immediately or milked twice daily. Approximately 65-75 days postpartum, grade 1 blastocysts recovered from superovulated Holstein heifer donors (n = 5) were transferred (1 per recipient) into lactating (n = 11) and nonlactating (n = 11) recipients...
September 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
Gan Zhao, Kangfeng Jiang, Tao Zhang, Haichong Wu, Changwei Qiu, Ganzhen Deng
Interferon tau (IFNT) plays a critical role as a pregnancy recognition factor in early pregnancy by regulating uterine epithelial gene expression. Illuminating the relation between IFNT and pregnancy will contribute significantly to early pregnancy research in ruminants. Therefore, in this study, we treated primary bovine endometrial luminal epithelial cells (bELECs) without or with IFNT (200 ng/mL) for 6 or12 h. Subsequently, RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) technology was used to evaluate differences in gene expression...
January 1, 2018: Theriogenology
Júlia Vallvé-Juanico, Elena Suárez-Salvador, Josep Castellví, Agustín Ballesteros, Hugh S Taylor, Antonio Gil-Moreno, Xavier Santamaria
OBJECTIVE: To characterize leucine-rich repeat containing G protein-coupled receptor 5-positive (LGR5+ ) cells from the endometrium of women with endometriosis. DESIGN: Prospective experimental study. SETTING: University hospital/fertility clinic. PATIENT(S): Twenty-seven women with endometriosis who underwent surgery and 12 healthy egg donors, together comprising 39 endometrial samples. INTERVENTION(S): Obtaining of uterine aspirates by using a Cornier Pipelle...
November 2017: Fertility and Sterility
Signe Altmäe, Mariann Koel, Urmo Võsa, Priit Adler, Marina Suhorutšenko, Triin Laisk-Podar, Viktorija Kukushkina, Merli Saare, Agne Velthut-Meikas, Kaarel Krjutškov, Lusine Aghajanova, Parameswaran G Lalitkumar, Kristina Gemzell-Danielsson, Linda Giudice, Carlos Simón, Andres Salumets
Previous transcriptome studies of the human endometrium have revealed hundreds of simultaneously up- and down-regulated genes that are involved in endometrial receptivity. However, the overlap between the studies is relatively small, and we are still searching for potential diagnostic biomarkers. Here we perform a meta-analysis of endometrial-receptivity associated genes on 164 endometrial samples (76 from 'pre-receptive' and 88 from mid-secretory, 'receptive' phase endometria) using a robust rank aggregation (RRA) method, followed by enrichment analysis, and regulatory microRNA prediction...
August 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
William Atiomo, Mohamad Nasir Shafiee, Caroline Chapman, Veronika M Metzler, Jad Abouzeid, Ayşe Latif, Amy Chadwick, Sarah Kitson, Vanitha N Sivalingam, Ian J Stratford, Catrin S Rutland, Jenny L Persson, Niels Ødum, Pablo Fuentes-Utrilla, Jennie N Jeyapalan, David M Heery, Emma J Crosbie, Nigel P Mongan
OBJECTIVE: Women with a prior history of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have an increased risk of endometrial cancer (EC). AIM: To investigate whether the endometrium of women with PCOS possesses gene expression changes similar to those found in EC. DESIGN AND METHODS: Patients with EC, PCOS and control women unaffected by either PCOS or EC were recruited into a cross-sectional study at the Nottingham University Hospital, UK. For RNA sequencing, representative individual endometrial biopsies were obtained from women with EC, PCOS and a woman unaffected by PCOS or EC...
November 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
Viktorija Kukushkina, Vijayachitra Modhukur, Marina Suhorutšenko, Maire Peters, Reedik Mägi, Nilufer Rahmioglu, Agne Velthut-Meikas, Signe Altmäe, Francisco J Esteban, Jaak Vilo, Krina Zondervan, Andres Salumets, Triin Laisk-Podar
The inner uterine lining (endometrium) is a unique tissue going through remarkable changes each menstrual cycle. Endometrium has its characteristic DNA methylation profile, although not much is known about the endometrial methylome changes throughout the menstrual cycle. The impact of methylome changes on gene expression and thereby on the function of the tissue, including establishing receptivity to implanting embryo, is also unclear. Therefore, this study used genome-wide technologies to characterize the methylome and the correlation between DNA methylation and gene expression in endometrial biopsies collected from 17 healthy fertile-aged women from pre-receptive and receptive phase within one menstrual cycle...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
Luyang Zhao, Chenglei Gu, Mingxia Ye, Zhe Zhang, Weidong Han, Wensheng Fan, Yuanguang Meng
The etiology and pathophysiology of endometriosis remain unclear. The aim of the current study was to identify a candidate pathogenic gene, as well as potential biomarkers of endometriosis using messenger RNA (mRNA) sequencing (mRNA-seq). Twenty-three eutopic endometria from women with endometriosis and 20 endometria from control subjects were investigated. Eight eutopic endometria and five normal endometria were selected for mRNA-seq. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified and functional analysis was conducted...
June 2017: Biomedical Reports
Philip C Logan, Pamela Yango, Nam D Tran
CONTEXT: Endometriosis is a chronic inflammatory disease that causes pain and infertility in women of reproductive age. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the pathologic pathways in endometrial stromal and epithelial cells that contribute to the manifestation of endometriosis. DESIGN: In vitro cellular and molecular analyses of isolated eutopic endometrial stromal and epithelial cells. METHODS: Eutopic stromal and epithelial cells from endometriotic and normal patients were isolated by fluorescence-activated cell sorting for paired sibling RNA sequencing and microRNA microarray...
January 2018: Reproductive Sciences
Benjamin Sigurgeirsson, Hanna Åmark, Anders Jemt, Dorina Ujvari, Magnus Westgren, Joakim Lundeberg, Sebastian Gidlöf
Endometrial receptivity is crucial for implantation and establishment of a normal pregnancy. The shift from proliferative to receptive endometrium is still far from being understood. In this paper, we comprehensively present the transcriptome of the human endometrium by comparing endometrial biopsies from proliferative phase with consecutive biopsies 7-9 days after ovulation. The results show a clear difference in expression between the two time points using both total and small RNA sequencing. A total of 3,297 messenger RNAs (mRNAs), 516 long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), and 102 small noncoding RNAs were identified as statistically differentially expressed between the two time points...
January 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
M M Dias, A Cánovas, C Mantilla-Rojas, D G Riley, P Luna-Nevarez, S J Coleman, S E Speidel, R M Enns, A Islas-Trejo, J F Medrano, S S Moore, M R S Fortes, L T Nguyen, B Venus, I S D P Diaz, F R P Souza, L F S Fonseca, F Baldi, L G Albuquerque, M G Thomas, H N Oliveira
Fertility traits, such as heifer pregnancy, are economically important in cattle production systems, and are therefore, used in genetic selection programs. The aim of this study was to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) using RNA-sequencing (RNA-Seq) data from ovary, uterus, endometrium, pituitary gland, hypothalamus, liver, longissimus dorsi muscle, and adipose tissue in 62 candidate genes associated with heifer puberty in cattle. RNA-Seq reads were assembled to the bovine reference genome (UMD 3...
March 22, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Jin Huang, Hao Qin, Yihua Yang, Xiaoyan Chen, Jiamiao Zhang, Susan Laird, Chi Chiu Wang, Ting Fung Chan, Tin Chiu Li
The endometrium becomes receptive to the embryo only in the mid-luteal phase, but not in the other stages of the menstrual cycle. Endometrial factors play an important role in implantation. Women with recurrent miscarriage and recurrent implantation failure have both been reported to have altered expression of receptivity markers during the window of implantation. We aimed to compare the gene expression profiles of the endometrium in the window of implantation among women with unexplained recurrent implantation failures (RIF) and unexplained recurrent miscarriages (RM) by RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq)...
June 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
Iveta Yotova, Emily Hsu, Catherine Do, Aulona Gaba, Matthias Sczabolcs, Sabine Dekan, Lukas Kenner, Rene Wenzl, Benjamin Tycko
Endometriosis is characterized by growth of endometrial-like tissue outside the uterine cavity. Since its pathogenesis may involve epigenetic changes, we used Illumina 450K Methylation Beadchips to profile CpG methylation in endometriosis stromal cells compared to stromal cells from normal endometrium. We validated and extended the Beadchip data using bisulfite sequencing (bis-seq), and analyzed differential methylation (DM) at the CpG-level and by an element-level classification for groups of CpGs in chromatin domains...
2017: PloS One
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