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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927350/test-retest-reliability-of-the-tekscan%C3%A2-f-scan%C3%A2-7-in-shoe-plantar-pressure-system-during-treadmill-walking-in-healthy-recreationally-active-individuals
#1
Kyle Patrick, Luke Donovan
In-shoe plantar pressure systems are commonly used in clinical and research settings to assess foot function during functional tasks. Recently, Tekscan® has updated their F-Scan® in-shoe plantar pressure system; however, this system's test-retest reliability has not been established. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the test-retest reliability of the F-Scan® 7 system in recreationally active individuals during treadmill walking. Seventeen healthy adults completed 2 sessions of treadmill walking...
September 20, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918597/effect-of-vibration-on-postural-control-and-gait-of-elderly-subjects-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Atefeh Aboutorabi, Mokhtar Arazpour, Mahmood Bahramizadeh, Farzam Farahmand, Reza Fadayevatan
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Gait and balance disorders are common in the elderly populations, and their prevalence increases with age. This systematic review was performed to summarize the current evidence for subthreshold vibration interventions on postural control and gait in elderly. METHOD: A review of intervention studies including the following words in the title/abstract: insole, foot and ankle appliances, vibration, noise and elderly related to balance and gait...
September 16, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918370/a-metric-study-of-insole-foot-impressions-in-footwear-of-identical-twins
#3
Michael S Nirenberg, Kewal Krishan, Tanuj Kanchan
Foot impressions are of utmost importance in crime scene investigations. Foot impressions are available in the form of barefoot prints, sock-clad footprints, and as impressions within footwear. Sometimes suspects leave their footwear at the crime scene, and the insole of this footwear may contain the foot impression of the suspect which may be important evidence linking him or her to the crime. The task of identification based on the analysis of footprints can be challenging when the footprints belonging to one of the identical twin is available for examination...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804593/an-innovative-sealed-shoe-to-off-load-and-heal-diabetic-forefoot-ulcers-a-feasibility-study
#4
Gustav Jarl, Roy Tranberg
Background: Non-removable knee-high devices are the gold standard to treat diabetic foot ulcers located on the plantar forefoot, but they immobilize the ankle, which restricts daily life activities and has negative effects on joint functioning. Objective: To investigate the feasibility of sealing a therapeutic shoe to off-load and heal diabetic forefoot ulcers. Design: A case series of seven men with type 2 diabetes and a metatarsal head ulcer were prescribed therapeutic shoes and custom-made insoles. The shoe was sealed with a plastic band...
2017: Diabetic Foot & Ankle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737072/the-effect-of-metatarsal-padding-on-pain-and-functional-ability-in-metatarsalgia
#5
K Männikkö, J Sahlman
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Many kinds of insoles and pads are commonly used as a conservative treatment of metatarsalgia. However, earlier studies of insole treatment provide contradictory results, and the natural progression of metatarsalgia is still unknown. The aims of this study were to (1) determine whether simple custom-made metatarsal pad insoles reduce pain and improve functional ability, (2) find out patients' satisfaction with padding treatment, and (3) investigate predisposing factors for metatarsalgia...
March 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736326/tone-inhibiting-insoles-enhance-the-reciprocal-inhibition-of-ankle-plantarflexors-of-subjects-with-hemiparesis-after-stroke-an-electromyographic-study
#6
Nobushige Takahashi, Hidetoshi Takahashi, Osamu Takahashi, Ryosuke Ushijima, Rie Umebayashi, Junji Nishikawa, Yasutomo Okajima
BACKGROUND: Spasticity is a common sequela of upper motor neuron pathology, such as cerebrovascular diseases and cerebral palsy. Intervention for spasticity of the ankle plantarflexors in physical therapy may include tone-inhibiting casting and/or orthoses for the ankle and foot. However, the physiological mechanism of tone reduction by such orthoses remains unclarified. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the electrophysiologic effects of tone-inhibiting insoles in stroke subjects with hemiparesis by measuring changes in reciprocal Ia inhibition (RI) in the ankle plantarflexor...
July 20, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708747/footwear-and-insole-design-features-to-prevent-foot-ulceration-in-people-with-diabetes-a-systematic-review-protocol
#7
Richard Collings, Jennifer Freeman, Jos M Latour, Sam Glasser, Joanne Paton
The aim of this systematic review is to identify the key design features of footwear and insoles that are used to offload the plantar surface of the foot to prevent foot ulceration in adults with diabetes.More specifically, the objectives are to identify the key design features of footwear and insoles to offload the plantar surface of the foot with regard to.
July 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689681/locomotion-pattern-and-foot-pressure-adjustments-during-gentle-turns-in-healthy-subjects
#8
Kathrin E Peyer, Charlotte A Brassey, Kayleigh A Rose, William I Sellers
People suffering from locomotor impairment find turning manoeuvres more challenging than straight-ahead walking. Turning manoeuvres are estimated to comprise a substantial proportion of steps taken daily, yet research has predominantly focused on straight-line walking, meaning that the basic kinetic, kinematic and foot pressure adaptations required for turning are not as well understood. We investigated how healthy subjects adapt their locomotion patterns to accommodate walking along a gently curved trajectory (radius 2...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687150/virtually-optimized-insoles-for-offloading-the-diabetic-foot-a-randomized-crossover-study
#9
S Telfer, J Woodburn, A Collier, P R Cavanagh
Integration of objective biomechanical measures of foot function into the design process for insoles has been shown to provide enhanced plantar tissue protection for individuals at-risk of plantar ulceration. The use of virtual simulations utilizing numerical modeling techniques offers a potential approach to further optimize these devices. In a patient population at-risk of foot ulceration, we aimed to compare the pressure offloading performance of insoles that were optimized via numerical simulation techniques against shape-based devices...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684213/a-generalisable-methodology-for-stability-assessment-of-walking-aid-users
#10
E Costamagna, S B Thies, L P J Kenney, D Howard, A Liu, D Ogden
To assist balance and mobility, older adults are often prescribed walking aids. Nevertheless, surprisingly their use has been associated with increased falls-risk. To address this finding we first need to characterise a person's stability while using a walking aid. Therefore, we present a generalisable method for the assessment of stability of walking frame (WF) users. Our method, for the first time, considers user and device as a combined system. We define the combined centre of pressure (CoPsystem) of user and WF to be the point through which the resultant ground reaction force for all feet of both the WF and user acts if theresultant moment acts only around an axisperpendicular tothe ground plane...
July 3, 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660074/treatment-of-hallux-valgus-deformity
#11
Lukas Fraissler, Christian Konrads, Maik Hoberg, Maximilian Rudert, Matthias Walcher
Hallux valgus deformity is a very common pathological condition which commonly produces painful disability. It is characterised as a combined deformity with a malpositioning of the first metatarsophalangeal joint caused by a lateral deviation of the great toe and a medial deviation of the first metatarsal bone.Taking the patient's history and a thorough physical examination are important steps. Anteroposterior and lateral weight-bearing radiographs of the entire foot are crucial for adequate assessment in the treatment of hallux valgus...
August 2016: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649018/rear-foot-kinematics-when-wearing-lateral-wedge-insoles-and-foot-alignment-influence-the-effect-of-knee-adduction-moment-for-medial-knee-osteoarthritis
#12
Tomonori Sawada, Kenji Tanimoto, Kazuki Tokuda, Yoshitaka Iwamoto, Yuta Ogata, Masaya Anan, Makoto Takahashi, Nobuhiro Kito, Koichi Shinkoda
Lateral wedge insoles (LWIs) are prescribed for patients with medial knee osteoarthritis to reduce the external knee adduction moment (KAM). However, the biomechanical effects of LWIs are limited in some patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the biomechanical effects of LWIs depend on individual foot alignment and to examine the relationship between change in KAM and changes in foot and ankle biomechanics when wearing LWIs. Twenty-one patients participated in this study. They were categorized into normal or abnormal foot groups based on the foot posture index (FPI)...
June 15, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632050/effects-of-turf-and-cleat-footwear-on-plantar-load-distributions-in-adolescent-american-football-players-during-resisted-pushing
#13
Jeffrey B Taylor, Anh-Dung Nguyen, Janet R Griffin, Kevin R Ford
Metatarsal and midfoot injuries are common in American football. Footwear design may influence injury rates by altering plantar foot loading patterns in these regions. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of cleat design on in-shoe plantar foot loading during a football-specific, resisted pushing task. Twenty competitive football players (age 14.7 ± 1.8 years, height 1.72 ± 0.10 m, and mass 71.8 ± 26.9 kg) completed three trials of pushing a weighted sled at maximal effort in a standard shoe (CLEAT) and artificial turf-specific shoe (TURF), with flexible in-shoe force measuring insoles...
February 28, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627227/smarter-sole-survival-will-neuropathic-patients-at-high-risk-for-ulceration-use-a-smart-insole-based-foot-protection-system
#14
Bijan Najafi, Eyal Ron, Ana Enriquez, Ivan Marin, Javad Razjouyan, David G Armstrong
OBJECTIVE: This study examined adherence to alert-based cues for plantar pressure offloading in patients with diabetic foot disease. METHOD AND DESIGN: Participants (n = 17) with in diabetic foot remission (history of neuropathic ulceration) were instructed to wear a smart insole system (the SurroSense Rx, Orpyx Medical Technologies Inc, Calgary, Canada) over a three-month period. This device is designed to cue offloading to manage unprotected sustained plantar pressures in an effort to prevent foot ulceration...
July 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599003/measurement-agreement-between-a-newly-developed-sensing-insole-and-traditional-laboratory-based-method-for-footstrike-pattern-detection-in-runners
#15
Roy T H Cheung, Winko W An, Ivan P H Au, Janet H Zhang, Zoe Y S Chan, Alfred Man, Fannie O Y Lau, Melody K Y Lam, K K Lau, C Y Leung, N W Tsang, Louis K Y Sze, Gilbert W K Lam
This study introduced a novel but simple method to continuously measure footstrike patterns in runners using inexpensive force sensors. Two force sensing resistors were firmly affixed at the heel and second toe of both insoles to collect the time signal of foot contact. A total of 109 healthy young adults (42 males and 67 females) were recruited in this study. They ran on an instrumented treadmill at 0°, +10°, and -10° inclinations and attempted rearfoot, midfoot, and forefoot landings using real time visual biofeedback...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547924/effect-of-a-thin-customized-insole-on-pain-and-walking-ability-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-randomized-study
#16
Berit Hagemoen Linberg, Anne Marit Mengshoel
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the immediate effects of a thin, easily customizable insole on pain and walking ability in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who have forefoot pain, and to determine whether the insoles were in use 1 year afterwards. DESIGN: An experimental, assessor-blinded design was applied to compare the immediate effects when walking with or without insoles in random order. After 1 year, a structured telephone interview was conducted...
May 25, 2017: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513212/an-optical-fiber-based-smart-textile-smart-socks-to-manage-biomechanical-risk-factors-associated-with-diabetic-foot-amputation
#17
Bijan Najafi, Hooman Mohseni, Gurtej S Grewal, Talal K Talal, Robert A Menzies, David G Armstrong
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to validate a smart-textile based on fiber-optics for simultaneous measurement of plantar temperature, pressure, and joint angles in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). METHODS: After in-vitro validation in the laboratory, 33 eligible subjects with DPN were recruited (age: 58 ± 8 years, BMI: 31.5 ± 8 kg/m(2)) for assessing plantar pressure and temperature during habitual gait-speed in a clinical-setting. All participants were asked to walk at their habitual speed while wearing a pair of sensorized socks made from highly flexible fiber optics (SmartSox)...
July 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497718/the-biomechanical-effects-and-perceived-comfort-of-textile-fabricated-insoles-during-straight-line-walking
#18
Wai-Ting Lo, Del P Wong, Kit-Lun Yick, Sun Pui Ng, Joanne Yip
BACKGROUND: Orthotic insoles that are made of foam material often have less breathability and thus cause discomfort to the wearer. Given that a sandwich structure offers better porosity and breathability that would improve comfort, the impact of custom-made insoles made with three-dimensional spacer fabric is studied. OBJECTIVES: To examine the biomechanical effects and subjective comfort of spacer-fabric insoles during walking. STUDY DESIGN: Repeated measures...
May 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473871/lateral-wedges-with-and-without-custom-arch-support-for-people-with-medial-knee-osteoarthritis-and-pronated-feet-an-exploratory-randomized-crossover-study
#19
Michael A Hunt, Judit Takacs, Natasha M Krowchuk, Gillian L Hatfield, Rana S Hinman, Ryan Chang
BACKGROUND: Pronated foot posture is associated with many clinical and biomechanical outcomes unique to medial compartment knee osteoarthritis (OA). Though shoe-worn insole treatment, including lateral wedges, is commonly studied in this patient population, their effects on the specific subgroup of people with medial knee OA and concomitant pronated feet are unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether lateral wedge insoles with custom arch support are more beneficial than lateral wedge insoles alone for knee and foot symptoms in people with medial tibiofemoral knee osteoarthritis (OA) and pronated feet...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472092/influence-of-slope-steepness-foot-position-and-turn-phase-on-plantar-pressure-distribution-during-giant-slalom-alpine-ski-racing
#20
Thomas Falda-Buscaiot, Frédérique Hintzy, Patrice Rougier, Patrick Lacouture, Nicolas Coulmy
The purpose of this study was to investigate the evolution of ground reaction force during alpine skiing turns. Specifically, this study investigated how turn phases and slope steepness affected the whole foot normal GRF pattern while performing giant slalom turns in a race-like setting. Moreover, the outside foot was divided into different plantar regions to see whether those parameters affected the plantar pressure distribution. Eleven skiers performed one giant slalom course at race intensity. Runs were recorded synchronously using a video camera in the frontal plane and pressure insoles under both feet's plantar surface...
2017: PloS One
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