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Frank B. Hu

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486942/habitual-coffee-consumption-and-genetic-predisposition-to-obesity-gene-diet-interaction-analyses-in-three-us-prospective-studies
#1
Tiange Wang, Tao Huang, Jae H Kang, Yan Zheng, Majken K Jensen, Janey L Wiggs, Louis R Pasquale, Charles S Fuchs, Hannia Campos, Eric B Rimm, Walter C Willett, Frank B Hu, Lu Qi
BACKGROUND: Whether habitual coffee consumption interacts with the genetic predisposition to obesity in relation to body mass index (BMI) and obesity is unknown. METHODS: We analyzed the interactions between genetic predisposition and habitual coffee consumption in relation to BMI and obesity risk in 5116 men from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS), in 9841 women from the Nurses' Health Study (NHS), and in 5648 women from the Women's Health Initiative (WHI)...
May 9, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465308/long-term-gluten-consumption-in-adults-without-celiac-disease-and-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Benjamin Lebwohl, Yin Cao, Geng Zong, Frank B Hu, Peter H R Green, Alfred I Neugut, Eric B Rimm, Laura Sampson, Lauren W Dougherty, Edward Giovannucci, Walter C Willett, Qi Sun, Andrew T Chan
Objective To examine the association of long term intake of gluten with the development of incident coronary heart disease.Design Prospective cohort study.Setting and participants 64 714 women in the Nurses' Health Study and 45 303 men in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study without a history of coronary heart disease who completed a 131 item semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire in 1986 that was updated every four years through 2010.Exposure Consumption of gluten, estimated from food frequency questionnaires...
May 2, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452372/1000-genomes-based-meta-analysis-identifies-10-novel-loci-for-kidney-function
#3
Mathias Gorski, Peter J van der Most, Alexander Teumer, Audrey Y Chu, Man Li, Vladan Mijatovic, Ilja M Nolte, Massimiliano Cocca, Daniel Taliun, Felicia Gomez, Yong Li, Bamidele Tayo, Adrienne Tin, Mary F Feitosa, Thor Aspelund, John Attia, Reiner Biffar, Murielle Bochud, Eric Boerwinkle, Ingrid Borecki, Erwin P Bottinger, Ming-Huei Chen, Vincent Chouraki, Marina Ciullo, Josef Coresh, Marilyn C Cornelis, Gary C Curhan, Adamo Pio d'Adamo, Abbas Dehghan, Laura Dengler, Jingzhong Ding, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Karlhans Endlich, Stefan Enroth, Tõnu Esko, Oscar H Franco, Paolo Gasparini, Christian Gieger, Giorgia Girotto, Omri Gottesman, Vilmundur Gudnason, Ulf Gyllensten, Stephen J Hancock, Tamara B Harris, Catherine Helmer, Simon Höllerer, Edith Hofer, Albert Hofman, Elizabeth G Holliday, Georg Homuth, Frank B Hu, Cornelia Huth, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Shih-Jen Hwang, Medea Imboden, Åsa Johansson, Mika Kähönen, Wolfgang König, Holly Kramer, Bernhard K Krämer, Ashish Kumar, Zoltan Kutalik, Jean-Charles Lambert, Lenore J Launer, Terho Lehtimäki, Martin de Borst, Gerjan Navis, Morris Swertz, Yongmei Liu, Kurt Lohman, Ruth J F Loos, Yingchang Lu, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Mark A McEvoy, Christa Meisinger, Thomas Meitinger, Andres Metspalu, Marie Metzger, Evelin Mihailov, Paul Mitchell, Matthias Nauck, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Matthias Olden, Brenda Wjh Penninx, Giorgio Pistis, Peter P Pramstaller, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Olli T Raitakari, Rainer Rettig, Paul M Ridker, Fernando Rivadeneira, Antonietta Robino, Sylvia E Rosas, Douglas Ruderfer, Daniela Ruggiero, Yasaman Saba, Cinzia Sala, Helena Schmidt, Reinhold Schmidt, Rodney J Scott, Sanaz Sedaghat, Albert V Smith, Rossella Sorice, Benedicte Stengel, Sylvia Stracke, Konstantin Strauch, Daniela Toniolo, Andre G Uitterlinden, Sheila Ulivi, Jorma S Viikari, Uwe Völker, Peter Vollenweider, Henry Völzke, Dragana Vuckovic, Melanie Waldenberger, Jie Jin Wang, Qiong Yang, Daniel I Chasman, Gerard Tromp, Harold Snieder, Iris M Heid, Caroline S Fox, Anna Köttgen, Cristian Pattaro, Carsten A Böger, Christian Fuchsberger
HapMap imputed genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have revealed >50 loci at which common variants with minor allele frequency >5% are associated with kidney function. GWAS using more complete reference sets for imputation, such as those from The 1000 Genomes project, promise to identify novel loci that have been missed by previous efforts. To investigate the value of such a more complete variant catalog, we conducted a GWAS meta-analysis of kidney function based on the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in 110,517 European ancestry participants using 1000 Genomes imputed data...
April 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436984/genomic-analyses-identify-hundreds-of-variants-associated-with-age-at-menarche-and-support-a-role-for-puberty-timing-in-cancer-risk
#4
Felix R Day, Deborah J Thompson, Hannes Helgason, Daniel I Chasman, Hilary Finucane, Patrick Sulem, Katherine S Ruth, Sean Whalen, Abhishek K Sarkar, Eva Albrecht, Elisabeth Altmaier, Marzyeh Amini, Caterina M Barbieri, Thibaud Boutin, Archie Campbell, Ellen Demerath, Ayush Giri, Chunyan He, Jouke J Hottenga, Robert Karlsson, Ivana Kolcic, Po-Ru Loh, Kathryn L Lunetta, Massimo Mangino, Brumat Marco, George McMahon, Sarah E Medland, Ilja M Nolte, Raymond Noordam, Teresa Nutile, Lavinia Paternoster, Natalia Perjakova, Eleonora Porcu, Lynda M Rose, Katharina E Schraut, Ayellet V Segrè, Albert V Smith, Lisette Stolk, Alexander Teumer, Irene L Andrulis, Stefania Bandinelli, Matthias W Beckmann, Javier Benitez, Sven Bergmann, Murielle Bochud, Eric Boerwinkle, Stig E Bojesen, Manjeet K Bolla, Judith S Brand, Hiltrud Brauch, Hermann Brenner, Linda Broer, Thomas Brüning, Julie E Buring, Harry Campbell, Eulalia Catamo, Stephen Chanock, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Tanguy Corre, Fergus J Couch, Diana L Cousminer, Angela Cox, Laura Crisponi, Kamila Czene, George Davey Smith, Eco J C N de Geus, Renée de Mutsert, Immaculata De Vivo, Joe Dennis, Peter Devilee, Isabel Dos-Santos-Silva, Alison M Dunning, Johan G Eriksson, Peter A Fasching, Lindsay Fernández-Rhodes, Luigi Ferrucci, Dieter Flesch-Janys, Lude Franke, Marike Gabrielson, Ilaria Gandin, Graham G Giles, Harald Grallert, Daniel F Gudbjartsson, Pascal Guénel, Per Hall, Emily Hallberg, Ute Hamann, Tamara B Harris, Catharina A Hartman, Gerardo Heiss, Maartje J Hooning, John L Hopper, Frank Hu, David J Hunter, M Arfan Ikram, Hae Kyung Im, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Peter K Joshi, David Karasik, Manolis Kellis, Zoltan Kutalik, Genevieve LaChance, Diether Lambrechts, Claudia Langenberg, Lenore J Launer, Joop S E Laven, Stefania Lenarduzzi, Jingmei Li, Penelope A Lind, Sara Lindstrom, YongMei Liu, Jian'an Luan, Reedik Mägi, Arto Mannermaa, Hamdi Mbarek, Mark I McCarthy, Christa Meisinger, Thomas Meitinger, Cristina Menni, Andres Metspalu, Kyriaki Michailidou, Lili Milani, Roger L Milne, Grant W Montgomery, Anna M Mulligan, Mike A Nalls, Pau Navarro, Heli Nevanlinna, Dale R Nyholt, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Tracy A O'Mara, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Aarno Palotie, Nancy Pedersen, Annette Peters, Julian Peto, Paul D P Pharoah, Anneli Pouta, Paolo Radice, Iffat Rahman, Susan M Ring, Antonietta Robino, Frits R Rosendaal, Igor Rudan, Rico Rueedi, Daniela Ruggiero, Cinzia F Sala, Marjanka K Schmidt, Robert A Scott, Mitul Shah, Rossella Sorice, Melissa C Southey, Ulla Sovio, Meir Stampfer, Maristella Steri, Konstantin Strauch, Toshiko Tanaka, Emmi Tikkanen, Nicholas J Timpson, Michela Traglia, Thérèse Truong, Jonathan P Tyrer, André G Uitterlinden, Digna R Velez Edwards, Veronique Vitart, Uwe Völker, Peter Vollenweider, Qin Wang, Elisabeth Widen, Ko Willems van Dijk, Gonneke Willemsen, Robert Winqvist, Bruce H R Wolffenbuttel, Jing Hua Zhao, Magdalena Zoledziewska, Marek Zygmunt, Behrooz Z Alizadeh, Dorret I Boomsma, Marina Ciullo, Francesco Cucca, Tõnu Esko, Nora Franceschini, Christian Gieger, Vilmundur Gudnason, Caroline Hayward, Peter Kraft, Debbie A Lawlor, Patrik K E Magnusson, Nicholas G Martin, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Ellen A Nohr, Ozren Polasek, David Porteous, Alkes L Price, Paul M Ridker, Harold Snieder, Tim D Spector, Doris Stöckl, Daniela Toniolo, Sheila Ulivi, Jenny A Visser, Henry Völzke, Nicholas J Wareham, James F Wilson, Amanda B Spurdle, Unnur Thorsteindottir, Katherine S Pollard, Douglas F Easton, Joyce Y Tung, Jenny Chang-Claude, David Hinds, Anna Murray, Joanne M Murabito, Kari Stefansson, Ken K Ong, John R B Perry
The timing of puberty is a highly polygenic childhood trait that is epidemiologically associated with various adult diseases. Using 1000 Genomes Project-imputed genotype data in up to ∼370,000 women, we identify 389 independent signals (P < 5 × 10(-8)) for age at menarche, a milestone in female pubertal development. In Icelandic data, these signals explain ∼7.4% of the population variance in age at menarche, corresponding to ∼25% of the estimated heritability. We implicate ∼250 genes via coding variation or associated expression, demonstrating significant enrichment in neural tissues...
April 24, 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411079/commentary-on-a-meta-analysis-but-not-a-systematic-review-an-evaluation-of-the-global-bmi-mortality-collaboration
#5
Shilpa N Bhupathiraju, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, John Danesh, Frank B Hu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398945/objective-measures-of-physical-activity-and-cardiometabolic-and-endocrine-biomarkers
#6
Hala B AlEssa, Andrea K Chomistek, Susan E Hankinson, Junaidah B Barnett, Jennifer Rood, Charles E Matthews, Eric B Rimm, Walter C Willett, Frank B Hu, Deirdre K Tobias
PURPOSE: Although physical activity is an established risk factor for chronic disease prevention, the specific mechanisms underlying these relationships are poorly understood. We examined the associations between total activity counts (TAC) and moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) measured by accelerometer, and physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) measured by doubly-labeled water, with plasma levels of pro-insulin, insulin, c-peptide, IGFBP-3, IGF-1, adiponectin, leptin and leptin-sR...
April 11, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384769/lingering-questions-concerning-specific-dietary-fats-and-mortality-reply
#7
Dong D Wang, Walter C Willett, Frank B Hu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384755/weight-history-and-all-cause-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-three-prospective-cohort-studies
#8
Edward Yu, Sylvia H Ley, JoAnn E Manson, Walter Willett, Ambika Satija, Frank B Hu, Andrew Stokes
Background: The relationship between body mass index (BMI) and mortality is controversial. Objective: To investigate the relationship between maximum BMI over 16 years and subsequent mortality. Design: 3 prospective cohort studies. Setting: Nurses' Health Study I and II and Health Professionals Follow-Up Study. Participants: 225 072 men and women with 32 571 deaths observed over a mean of 12...
May 2, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379451/detection-of-genetic-loci-associated-with-plasma-fetuin-a-a-meta-analysis-of-genome-wide-association-studies-from-the-charge-consortium
#9
Majken K Jensen, Richard A Jensen, Kenneth J Mukamal, Xiuqing Guo, Jie Yao, Qi Sun, Marilyn Cornelis, Yongmei Liu, Ming-Huei Chen, Jorge R Kizer, Luc Djoussé, David S Siscovick, Bruce M Psaty, Joseph M Zmuda, Jerome I Rotter, Melissa Garcia, Tamara Harris, Ida Chen, Mark O Goodarzi, Michael A Nalls, Margaux Keller, Alice M Arnold, Anne B Newman, Ron C Hoogeveen, Kathryn M Rexrode, Eric B Rimm, Frank B Hu, Vasan S Ramachandran, Ronit Katz, James S Pankow, Joachim H Ix
Plasma fetuin-A is associated with type 2 diabetes, and AHSG, the gene encoding fetuin-A, has been identified as a susceptibility locus for diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Thus far, unbiased investigations of the genetic determinants of plasma fetuin-A concentrations have not been conducted. We searched for single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) related to fetuin-A concentrations by a genome-wide association study in six population-based studies. We examined the association of fetuin-A levels with ∼ 2...
June 1, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376262/the-effects-of-iterative-reconstruction-and-kernel-selection-on-quantitative-computed-tomography-measures-of-lung-density
#10
Alfonso Rodriguez, Frank N Ranallo, Philip F Judy, Sean B Fain
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of iterative reconstruction (IR) and high frequency kernels on quantitative computed tomography (qCT) density measures at reduced X-ray dose. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The COPDGene 2 Phantom (CTP 698, The Phantom Laboratory, Salem, NY) with four embedded lung mimicking foam densities (12lb, 20lb, and 4lb), as well as water, air, and acrylic reference inserts was imaged using a GE 64 slice CT750 HD scanner in helical mode with four current-time products ranging from 12-100 mAs...
April 4, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356511/poly-gp-proteins-are-a-useful-pharmacodynamic-marker-for-c9orf72-associated-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#11
Tania F Gendron, Jeannie Chew, Jeannette N Stankowski, Lindsey R Hayes, Yong-Jie Zhang, Mercedes Prudencio, Yari Carlomagno, Lillian M Daughrity, Karen Jansen-West, Emilie A Perkerson, Aliesha O'Raw, Casey Cook, Luc Pregent, Veronique Belzil, Marka van Blitterswijk, Lilia J Tabassian, Chris W Lee, Mei Yue, Jimei Tong, Yuping Song, Monica Castanedes-Casey, Linda Rousseau, Virginia Phillips, Dennis W Dickson, Rosa Rademakers, John D Fryer, Beth K Rush, Otto Pedraza, Ana M Caputo, Pamela Desaro, Carla Palmucci, Amelia Robertson, Michael G Heckman, Nancy N Diehl, Edythe Wiggs, Michael Tierney, Laura Braun, Jennifer Farren, David Lacomis, Shafeeq Ladha, Christina N Fournier, Leo F McCluskey, Lauren B Elman, Jon B Toledo, Jennifer D McBride, Cinzia Tiloca, Claudia Morelli, Barbara Poletti, Federica Solca, Alessandro Prelle, Joanne Wuu, Jennifer Jockel-Balsarotti, Frank Rigo, Christine Ambrose, Abhishek Datta, Weixing Yang, Denitza Raitcheva, Giovanna Antognetti, Alexander McCampbell, John C Van Swieten, Bruce L Miller, Adam L Boxer, Robert H Brown, Robert Bowser, Timothy M Miller, John Q Trojanowski, Murray Grossman, James D Berry, William T Hu, Antonia Ratti, Bryan J Traynor, Matthew D Disney, Michael Benatar, Vincenzo Silani, Jonathan D Glass, Mary Kay Floeter, Jeffrey D Rothstein, Kevin B Boylan, Leonard Petrucelli
There is no effective treatment for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a devastating motor neuron disease. However, discovery of a G4C2 repeat expansion in the C9ORF72 gene as the most common genetic cause of ALS has opened up new avenues for therapeutic intervention for this form of ALS. G4C2 repeat expansion RNAs and proteins of repeating dipeptides synthesized from these transcripts are believed to play a key role in C9ORF72-associated ALS (c9ALS). Therapeutics that target G4C2 RNA, such as antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) and small molecules, are thus being actively investigated...
March 29, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350839/bidirectional-association-between-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-type-2-diabetes-in-chinese-population-evidence-from-the-dongfeng-tongji-cohort-study
#12
Yaru Li, Jing Wang, Yuhan Tang, Xu Han, Bing Liu, Hua Hu, Xiulou Li, Kun Yang, Jing Yuan, Xiaoping Miao, Ping Yao, Sheng Wei, Youjie Wang, Yuan Liang, Xiaomin Zhang, Huan Guo, An Pan, Handong Yang, Frank B Hu, Tangchun Wu, Meian He
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to examine the bidirectional association between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: The data was derived from the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort study, which was established in 2008 and followed until October 2013. NAFLD was classified as none, mild, moderate/severe based on ultrasound examination. The analysis to examine the association between NAFLD and incident T2DM risk included 18,111 participants free of diabetes at baseline and the duration of follow-up was 4...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348007/genome-wide-analysis-of-dna-methylation-and-acute-coronary-syndrome
#13
Jun Li, Xiaoyan Zhu, Kuai Yu, Haijing Jiang, Yizhi Zhang, Siyun Deng, Longxian Cheng, Xuezhen Liu, Jia Zhong, Xiaomin Zhang, Mei'an He, Weihong Chen, Jing Yuan, Ming Gao, Yansen Bai, Xu Han, Bing Liu, Xiaoting Luo, Wenhua Mei, Xiaosheng He, Shunchang Sun, Liyun Zhang, Hesong Zeng, Huizhen Sun, Chuanyao Liu, Yanjun Guo, Bing Zhang, Zhihong Zhang, Jinyan Huang, An Pan, Yu Yuan, Francesca Angileri, Bingxia Ming, Fang Zheng, Qiutang Zeng, Xiaobo Mao, Yudong Peng, Yi Mao, Ping Ye, Qing K Wang, Lu Qi, Frank B Hu, Liming Liang, Tangchun Wu
Rationale: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a leading cause of death worldwide. Immune functions play a vital role in ACS development, however, whether epigenetic modulation contributes to the regulation of blood immune cells in this disease has not been investigated. Objective: We conducted an epigenome-wide analysis with circulating immune cells to identify differentially methylated genes in ACS. Methods and Results: We examined genome-wide methylation of whole blood in 102 ACS patients and 101 controls using HumanMethylation450 array, and externally replicated significant discoveries in 100 patients and 102 controls...
March 27, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341696/a-low-frequency-inactivating-akt2-variant-enriched-in-the-finnish-population-is-associated-with-fasting-insulin-levels-and-type-2-diabetes-risk
#14
Alisa Manning, Heather M Highland, Jessica Gasser, Xueling Sim, Taru Tukiainen, Pierre Fontanillas, Niels Grarup, Manuel A Rivas, Anubha Mahajan, Adam E Locke, Pablo Cingolani, Tune H Pers, Ana Viñuela, Andrew A Brown, Ying Wu, Jason Flannick, Christian Fuchsberger, Eric R Gamazon, Kyle J Gaulton, Hae Kyung Im, Tanya M Teslovich, Thomas W Blackwell, Jette Bork-Jensen, Noël P Burtt, Yuhui Chen, Todd Green, Christopher Hartl, Hyun Min Kang, Ashish Kumar, Claes Ladenvall, Clement Ma, Loukas Moutsianas, Richard D Pearson, John R B Perry, N William Rayner, Neil R Robertson, Laura J Scott, Martijn van de Bunt, Johan G Eriksson, Antti Jula, Seppo Koskinen, Terho Lehtimäki, Aarno Palotie, Olli T Raitakari, Suzanne Br Jacobs, Jennifer Wessel, Audrey Y Chu, Robert A Scott, Mark O Goodarzi, Christine Blancher, Gemma Buck, David Buck, Peter S Chines, Stacey Gabriel, Anette P Gjesing, Christopher J Groves, Mette Hollensted, Jeroen R Huyghe, Anne U Jackson, Goo Jun, Johanne Marie Justesen, Massimo Mangino, Jacquelyn Murphy, Matt Neville, Robert Onofrio, Kerrin S Small, Heather M Stringham, Joseph Trakalo, Eric Banks, Jason Carey, Mauricio O Carneiro, Mark DePristo, Yossi Farjoun, Timothy Fennell, Jacqueline I Goldstein, George Grant, Martin Hrabé de Angelis, Jared Maguire, Benjamin M Neale, Ryan Poplin, Shaun Purcell, Thomas Schwarzmayr, Khalid Shakir, Joshua D Smith, Tim M Strom, Thomas Wieland, Jaana Lindstrom, Ivan Brandslund, Cramer Christensen, Gabriela L Surdulescu, Timo A Lakka, Alex S F Doney, Peter Nilsson, Nicholas J Wareham, Claudia Langenberg, Tibor V Varga, Paul W Franks, Olov Rolandsson, Anders H Rosengren, Vidya S Farook, Farook Thameem, Sobha Puppala, Satish Kumar, Donna M Lehman, Christopher P Jenkinson, Joanne E Curran, Daniel Esten Hale, Sharon P Fowler, Rector Arya, Ralph A DeFronzo, Hanna E Abboud, Ann-Christine Syvänen, Pamela J Hicks, Nicholette D Palmer, Maggie C Y Ng, Donald W Bowden, Barry I Freedman, Tõnu Esko, Reedik Mägi, Lili Milani, Evelin Mihailov, Andres Metspalu, Narisu Narisu, Leena Kinnunen, Lori L Bonnycastle, Amy Swift, Dorota Pasko, Andrew R Wood, João Fadista, Toni I Pollin, Nir Barzilai, Gil Atzmon, Benjamin Glaser, Barbara Thorand, Konstantin Strauch, Annette Peters, Michael Roden, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Liming Liang, Jennifer Kriebel, Thomas Illig, Harald Grallert, Christian Gieger, Christa Meisinger, Lars Lannfelt, Solomon K Musani, Michael Griswold, Herman A Taylor, Gregory Wilson, Adolfo Correa, Heikki Oksa, William R Scott, Uzma Afzal, Sian-Tsung Tan, Marie Loh, John C Chambers, Jobanpreet Sehmi, Jaspal Singh Kooner, Benjamin Lehne, Yoon Shin Cho, Jong-Young Lee, Bok-Ghee Han, Annemari Käräjämäki, Qibin Qi, Lu Qi, Jinyan Huang, Frank B Hu, Olle Melander, Marju Orho-Melander, Jennifer E Below, David Aguilar, Tien Yin Wong, Jianjun Liu, Chiea-Chuen Khor, Kee Seng Chia, Wei Yen Lim, Ching-Yu Cheng, Edmund Chan, E Shyong Tai, Tin Aung, Allan Linneberg, Bo Isomaa, Thomas Meitinger, Tiinamaija Tuomi, Liisa Hakaste, Jasmina Kravic, Marit E Jørgensen, Torsten Lauritzen, Panos Deloukas, Kathleen E Stirrups, Katharine R Owen, Andrew J Farmer, Timothy M Frayling, Stephen P O'Rahilly, Mark Walker, Jonathan C Levy, Dylan Hodgkiss, Andrew T Hattersley, Teemu Kuulasmaa, Alena Stančáková, Inês Barroso, Dwaipayan Bharadwaj, Juliana Chan, Giriraj R Chandak, Mark J Daly, Peter J Donnelly, Shah B Ebrahim, Paul Elliott, Tasha Fingerlin, Philippe Froguel, Cheng Hu, Weiping Jia, Ronald C W Ma, Gilean McVean, Taesung Park, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Manjinder Sandhu, James Scott, Rob Sladek, Nikhil Tandon, Yik Ying Teo, Eleftheria Zeggini, Richard M Watanabe, Heikki A Koistinen, Y Antero Kesaniemi, Matti Uusitupa, Timothy D Spector, Veikko Salomaa, Rainer Rauramaa, Colin N A Palmer, Inga Prokopenko, Andrew D Morris, Richard N Bergman, Francis S Collins, Lars Lind, Erik Ingelsson, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Fredrik Karpe, Leif Groop, Torben Jørgensen, Torben Hansen, Oluf Pedersen, Johanna Kuusisto, Gonçalo Abecasis, Graeme I Bell, John Blangero, Nancy J Cox, Ravindranath Duggirala, Mark Seielstad, James G Wilson, Josee Dupuis, Samuli Ripatti, Craig L Hanis, Jose C Florez, Karen L Mohlke, James B Meigs, Markku Laakso, Andrew P Morris, Michael Boehnke, David Altshuler, Mark I McCarthy, Anna L Gloyn, Cecilia M Lindgren
To identify novel coding association signals and facilitate characterization of mechanisms influencing glycemic traits and type 2 diabetes risk, we analyzed 109,215 variants derived from exome array genotyping together with an additional 390,225 variants from exome sequence in up to 39,339 normoglycemic individuals from five ancestry groups. We identified a novel association between the coding variant (p.Pro50Thr) in AKT2 and fasting insulin, a gene in which rare fully penetrant mutations are causal for monogenic glycemic disorders...
March 24, 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339215/discovery-and-pre-clinical-characterization-of-third-generation-4-h-heteroaryldihydropyrimidine-hap-analogues-as-hepatitis-b-virus-hbv-capsid-inhibitors
#15
Zongxing Qiu, Xianfeng Lin, Weixing Zhang, Mingwei Zhou, Lei Guo, Buelent Kocer, Guolong Wu, Zhisen Zhang, Haixia Liu, Houguang Shi, Buyu Kou, Taishan Hu, Yimin Hu, Mengwei Huang, S Frank Yan, Zhiheng Xu, Zheng Zhou, Ning Qin, Yue Fen Wang, Shuang Ren, Hongxia Qiu, Yuxia Zhang, Yi Zhang, Xiaoyue Wu, Kai Sun, Sheng Zhong, Jianxun Xie, Giorgio Ottaviani, Yuan Zhou, Lina Zhu, Xiaojun Tian, Liping Shi, Fang Shen, Yi Mao, Xue Zhou, Lu Gao, John A T Young, Jim Zhen Wu, Guang Yang, Alexander V Mayweg, Hong C Shen, Guozhi Tang, Wei Zhu
Described herein are the discovery and structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies of the third-generation 4-H heteroaryldihydropyrimidines (4-H HAPs) featuring the introduction of a C6 carboxyl group as novel HBV capsid inhibitors. This new series of 4-H HAPs showed improved anti-HBV activity and better drug-like properties compared to the first- and second-generation 4-H HAPs. X-ray crystallographic study of analogue 12 (HAP_R01) with Cp149 Y132A mutant hexamer clearly elucidated the role of C6 carboxyl group played for the increased binding affinity, which formed strong hydrogen bonding interactions with capsid protein and coordinated waters...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323949/plasma-arginine-asymmetric-dimethylarginine-ratio-and-incidence-of-cardiovascular-events-a-case-cohort-study
#16
Edward Yu, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Frank B Hu, Clary B Clish, Dolores Corella, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Adela Hruby, Montserrat Fitó, Liming Liang, Estefania Toledo, Emilio Ros, Ramón Estruch, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, Jose Lapetra, Fernando Arós, Dora Romaguera, Lluís Serra-Majem, Marta Guasch-Ferré, Dong D Wang, Miguel A Martínez-González
CONTEXT: Arginine, its methylated metabolites and other metabolites related to the urea cycle have been independently associated with cardiovascular risk, but the potential causal meaning of these associations (positive for some metabolites and negative for others) remains elusive due to a lack of studies measuring metabolite changes over time. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between baseline and 1-year concentrations of urea cycle metabolites and cardiovascular disease in a case-cohort setting...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298293/discovery-and-fine-mapping-of-loci-associated-with-mufas-through-trans-ethnic-meta-analysis-in-chinese-and-european-populations
#17
Yao Hu, Toshiko Tanaka, Jingwen Zhu, Weihua Guan, Jason H Y Wu, Bruce M Psaty, Barbara McKnight, Irena B King, Qi Sun, Melissa Richard, Ani Manichaikul, Alexis C Frazier-Wood, Edmond K Kabagambe, Paul N Hopkins, Jose M Ordovas, Luigi Ferrucci, Stefania Bandinelli, Donna K Arnett, Yii-Der I Chen, Shuang Liang, David S Siscovick, Michael Y Tsai, Stephen S Rich, Myriam Fornage, Frank B Hu, Eric B Rimm, Majken K Jensen, Rozenn N Lemaitre, Dariush Mozaffarian, Lyn M Steffen, Andrew P Morris, Huaixing Li, Xu Lin
MUFAs are unsaturated FAs with one double bond and are derived from endogenous synthesis and dietary intake. Accumulating evidence has suggested that plasma and erythrocyte MUFA levels are associated with cardiometabolic disorders, including CVD, T2D, and metabolic syndrome (MS). Previous genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified seven loci for plasma and erythrocyte palmitoleic and oleic acid levels in populations of European origin. To identify additional MUFA-associated loci and the potential functional variant at each locus, we performed ethnic-specific GWAS meta-analyses and trans-ethnic meta-analyses in more than 15,000 participants of Chinese and European ancestry...
May 2017: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202478/total-and-subtypes-of-dietary-fat-intake-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-prevenci%C3%A3-n-con-dieta-mediterr%C3%A3-nea-predimed-study
#18
Marta Guasch-Ferré, Nerea Becerra-Tomás, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Dolores Corella, Helmut Schröder, Ramon Estruch, Emilio Ros, Fernando Arós, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, Miquel Fiol, Lluís Serra-Majem, José Lapetra, Josep Basora, Nerea Martín-Calvo, Olga Portoles, Montserrat Fitó, Frank B Hu, Lluís Forga, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
Background: The associations between dietary fat and cardiovascular disease have been evaluated in several studies, but less is known about their influence on the risk of diabetes.Objective: We examined the associations between total fat, subtypes of dietary fat, and food sources rich in saturated fatty acids and the incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D).Design: A prospective cohort analysis of 3349 individuals who were free of diabetes at baseline but were at high cardiovascular risk from the PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea (PREDIMED) study was conducted...
February 15, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194238/epigenome-wide-association-study-ewas-on-lipids-the-rotterdam-study
#19
Kim V E Braun, Klodian Dhana, Paul S de Vries, Trudy Voortman, Joyce B J van Meurs, Andre G Uitterlinden, Albert Hofman, Frank B Hu, Oscar H Franco, Abbas Dehghan
BACKGROUND: DNA methylation is a key epigenetic mechanism that is suggested to be associated with blood lipid levels. We aimed to identify CpG sites at which DNA methylation levels are associated with blood levels of triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and total cholesterol in 725 participants of the Rotterdam Study, a population-based cohort study. Subsequently, we sought replication in a non-overlapping set of 760 participants...
2017: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179491/increases-in-plasma-tryptophan-are-inversely-associated-with-incident-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-prevenci%C3%A3-n-con-dieta-mediterr%C3%A3-nea-predimed-study
#20
Edward Yu, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Marta Guasch-Ferré, Yan Zheng, Estefania Toledo, Clary B Clish, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Liming Liang, Dong D Wang, Dolores Corella, Montse Fitó, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, José Lapetra, Ramón Estruch, Emilio Ros, Montserrat Cofán, Fernando Arós, Dora Romaguera, Lluis Serra-Majem, Jose V Sorlí, Frank B Hu, Miguel A Martinez-Gonzalez
Background: During development of cardiovascular disease (CVD), interferon-γ-mediated inflammation accelerates degradation of tryptophan into downstream metabolites. A Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) consisting of a high intake of extra-virgin olive oil (EVOO), nuts, fruits, vegetables, and cereals has been demonstrated to lower the risk of CVD. The longitudinal relation between tryptophan and its downstream metabolites and CVD in the context of a MedDiet is unstudied.Objective: We sought to investigate the relation between metabolites in the tryptophan-kynurenine pathway and CVD in the context of a MedDiet pattern...
March 2017: Journal of Nutrition
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