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Frank B. Hu

Ray Hu, Michael P Morley, Jeffrey Brandimarto, Nathan R Tucker, Victoria A Parsons, Sihai D Zhao, Benjamin Meder, Hugo A Katus, Frank Rühle, Monika Stoll, Eric Villard, François Cambien, Honghuang Lin, Nicholas L Smith, Janine F Felix, Ramachandran S Vasan, Pim van der Harst, Christopher Newton-Cheh, Jin Li, Cecilia E Kim, Hakon Hakonarson, Sridhar Hannenhalli, Euan A Ashley, Christine S Moravec, W H Wilson Tang, Marjorie Maillet, Jeffery D Molkentin, Patrick T Ellinor, Kenneth B Margulies, Thomas P Cappola
BACKGROUND: Inhibition of PKC-α (protein kinase C-α) enhances contractility and cardioprotection in animal models, but effects in humans are unknown. Genotypes at rs9912468 strongly associate with PRKCA expression in the left ventricle, enabling genetic approaches to measure effects of reduced PKC-α in human populations. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed the cis expression quantitative trait locus for PRKCA marked by rs9912468 using 313 left ventricular specimens from European Ancestry patients...
March 2018: Circ Genom Precis Med
Gang Liu, Geng Zong, Kana Wu, Yang Hu, Yanping Li, Walter C Willett, David M Eisenberg, Frank B Hu, Qi Sun
OBJECTIVE: To examine open-flame and/or high-temperature cooking (grilling/barbecuing, broiling, or roasting) and doneness preferences (rare, medium, or well done) for red meat, chicken, and fish in relation to type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk among U.S. adults who consumed animal flesh regularly (≥2 servings/week). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The prospective studies included 52,752 women from the Nurses' Health Study (NHS, followed during 1996-2012), 60,809 women from NHS II (followed during 2001-2013), and 24,679 men from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS, followed during 1996-2012) who were free of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer at baseline...
March 12, 2018: Diabetes Care
Hala B AlEssa, Randy Cohen, Vasanti S Malik, Sally N Adebamowo, Eric B Rimm, JoAnn E Manson, Walter C Willett, Frank B Hu
Background: The carbohydrate-to-fiber ratio is a recommended measure of carbohydrate quality; however, its relation to incident coronary heart disease (CHD) is not currently known. Objective: We aimed to assess the relation between various measures of carbohydrate quality and incident CHD. Design: Data on diet and lifestyle behaviors were prospectively collected on 75,020 women and 42,865 men participating in the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study (HPFS) starting in 1984 and 1986, respectively, and every 2-4 y thereafter until 2012...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Feijie Wang, Liang Sun, Qi Sun, Liming Liang, Xianfu Gao, Rongxia Li, An Pan, Huaixing Li, Yueyi Deng, Frank B Hu, Jiarui Wu, Rong Zeng, Xu Lin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Metabolomics is instrumental in identifying novel biomarkers of kidney function to aid in the prevention and management of CKD. However, data linking the metabolome to incident eGFR are sparse, particularly in Asian populations with different genetic backgrounds and environmental exposures. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the associations of amino acid and acylcarnitine profiles with change in eGFR in a Chinese cohort. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: This study included 1765 community-living Chinese adults aged 50-70 years with baseline eGFR≥60 ml/min per 1...
March 8, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
George A Bray, William E Heisel, Ashkan Afshin, Michael D Jensen, William H Dietz, Michael Long, Robert F Kushner, Stephen R Daniels, Thomas A Wadden, Adam G Tsai, Frank B Hu, John M Jakicic, Donna H Ryan, Bruce M Wolfe, Thomas H Inge
The prevalence of obesity, measured by body mass index, has risen to unacceptable levels in both men and women in the United States and worldwide with resultant hazardous health implications. Genetic, environmental, and behavioral factors influence the development of obesity, and both the general public and health professionals stigmatize those who suffer from the disease. Obesity is associated with and contributes to a shortened life span, type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, some cancers, kidney disease, obstructive sleep apnea, gout, osteoarthritis, and hepatobiliary disease, among others...
March 6, 2018: Endocrine Reviews
An Pan, Xu Lin, Elena Hemler, Frank B Hu
In this Minireview, we provide an epidemiologist's perspective on the debate and recent advances in determining the relationship between diet and cardiovascular health. We conclude that, in order to reduce the global burden of cardiovascular disease, there should be a greater emphasis on improving overall diet quality and food sources of macronutrients, such as dietary fats and carbohydrates. In addition, building a strong evidence base through high-quality intervention and observational studies is crucial for effective policy changes, which can greatly improve the food environment and population health...
March 6, 2018: Cell Metabolism
Zhi Yu, Sylvia H Ley, Qi Sun, Frank B Hu, Vasanti S Malik
Few studies have evaluated the relationships between intake of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) and intermediate biomarkers of cardiometabolic risk. Associations between artificially sweetened beverages (ASB) and fruit juice with cardiometabolic biomarkers are also unclear. We investigated habitual SSB, ASB and fruit juice intake in relation to biomarkers of hepatic function, lipid metabolism, inflammation and glucose metabolism. We analysed cross-sectional data from 8492 participants in the Nurses' Health Study who were free of diabetes and CVD...
March 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Manyun Dai, Huiying Hua, Hante Lin, Gangming Xu, Xiaowei Hu, Fei Li, Frank J Gonzalez, Aiming Liu, Julin Yang
Alpha-naphthylisothiocyanate (ANIT) is an experimental agent used to induce intrahepatic cholestasis. The Ppara-null mouse line is widely employed to explore the physiological and pathological roles of PPARα. However, little is known about how PPARα influences the hepatotoxicity of ANIT. In the present study, wild-type and Ppara-null mice were orally treated with ANIT to induce cholestasis. The serum metabolome of wild-type mice segregated from that of the Ppara-null mice, driven by changes of bile acid (BA) metabolites...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Proteome Research
Ambika Satija, Frank B Hu
Plant-based diets, defined in terms of low frequency of animal food consumption, have been increasingly recommended for their health benefits. Numerous studies have found plant-based diets, especially when rich in high quality plant foods such as whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and nuts, to be associated with lower risk of cardiovascular outcomes and intermediate risk factors. This review summarizes the current evidence base examining the associations of plant-based diets with cardiovascular endpoints, and discusses the potential biological mechanisms underlying their health effects, practical recommendations and applications of this research, and directions for future research...
February 13, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
R Aaij, B Adeva, M Adinolfi, Z Ajaltouni, S Akar, J Albrecht, F Alessio, M Alexander, A Alfonso Albero, S Ali, G Alkhazov, P Alvarez Cartelle, A A Alves, S Amato, S Amerio, Y Amhis, L An, L Anderlini, G Andreassi, M Andreotti, J E Andrews, R B Appleby, F Archilli, P d'Argent, J Arnau Romeu, A Artamonov, M Artuso, E Aslanides, M Atzeni, G Auriemma, M Baalouch, I Babuschkin, S Bachmann, J J Back, A Badalov, C Baesso, S Baker, V Balagura, W Baldini, A Baranov, R J Barlow, C Barschel, S Barsuk, W Barter, F Baryshnikov, V Batozskaya, V Battista, A Bay, L Beaucourt, J Beddow, F Bedeschi, I Bediaga, A Beiter, L J Bel, N Beliy, V Bellee, N Belloli, K Belous, I Belyaev, E Ben-Haim, G Bencivenni, S Benson, S Beranek, A Berezhnoy, R Bernet, D Berninghoff, E Bertholet, A Bertolin, C Betancourt, F Betti, M-O Bettler, M van Beuzekom, Ia Bezshyiko, S Bifani, P Billoir, A Birnkraut, A Bizzeti, M Bjørn, T Blake, F Blanc, S Blusk, V Bocci, T Boettcher, A Bondar, N Bondar, I Bordyuzhin, S Borghi, M Borisyak, M Borsato, F Bossu, M Boubdir, T J V Bowcock, E Bowen, C Bozzi, S Braun, T Britton, J Brodzicka, D Brundu, E Buchanan, C Burr, A Bursche, J Buytaert, W Byczynski, S Cadeddu, H Cai, R Calabrese, R Calladine, M Calvi, M Calvo Gomez, A Camboni, P Campana, D H Campora Perez, L Capriotti, A Carbone, G Carboni, R Cardinale, A Cardini, P Carniti, L Carson, K Carvalho Akiba, G Casse, L Cassina, M Cattaneo, G Cavallero, R Cenci, D Chamont, M G Chapman, M Charles, Ph Charpentier, G Chatzikonstantinidis, M Chefdeville, S Chen, S F Cheung, S-G Chitic, V Chobanova, M Chrzaszcz, A Chubykin, P Ciambrone, X Cid Vidal, G Ciezarek, P E L Clarke, M Clemencic, H V Cliff, J Closier, J Cogan, E Cogneras, V Cogoni, L Cojocariu, P Collins, T Colombo, A Comerma-Montells, A Contu, A Cook, G Coombs, S Coquereau, G Corti, M Corvo, C M Costa Sobral, B Couturier, G A Cowan, D C Craik, A Crocombe, M Cruz Torres, R Currie, C D'Ambrosio, F Da Cunha Marinho, E Dall'Occo, J Dalseno, A Davis, O De Aguiar Francisco, S De Capua, M De Cian, J M De Miranda, L De Paula, M De Serio, P De Simone, C T Dean, D Decamp, L Del Buono, H-P Dembinski, M Demmer, A Dendek, D Derkach, O Deschamps, F Dettori, B Dey, A Di Canto, P Di Nezza, H Dijkstra, F Dordei, M Dorigo, A Dosil Suárez, L Douglas, A Dovbnya, K Dreimanis, L Dufour, G Dujany, P Durante, R Dzhelyadin, M Dziewiecki, A Dziurda, A Dzyuba, S Easo, M Ebert, U Egede, V Egorychev, S Eidelman, S Eisenhardt, U Eitschberger, R Ekelhof, L Eklund, S Ely, S Esen, H M Evans, T Evans, A Falabella, N Farley, S Farry, D Fazzini, L Federici, D Ferguson, G Fernandez, P Fernandez Declara, A Fernandez Prieto, F Ferrari, F Ferreira Rodrigues, M Ferro-Luzzi, S Filippov, R A Fini, M Fiorini, M Firlej, C Fitzpatrick, T Fiutowski, F Fleuret, K Fohl, M Fontana, F Fontanelli, D C Forshaw, R Forty, V Franco Lima, M Frank, C Frei, J Fu, W Funk, E Furfaro, C Färber, E Gabriel, A Gallas Torreira, D Galli, S Gallorini, S Gambetta, M Gandelman, P Gandini, Y Gao, L M Garcia Martin, J García Pardiñas, J Garra Tico, L Garrido, P J Garsed, D Gascon, C Gaspar, L Gavardi, G Gazzoni, D Gerick, E Gersabeck, M Gersabeck, T Gershon, Ph Ghez, S Gianì, V Gibson, O G Girard, L Giubega, K Gizdov, V V Gligorov, D Golubkov, A Golutvin, A Gomes, I V Gorelov, C Gotti, E Govorkova, J P Grabowski, R Graciani Diaz, L A Granado Cardoso, E Graugés, E Graverini, G Graziani, A Grecu, R Greim, P Griffith, L Grillo, L Gruber, B R Gruberg Cazon, O Grünberg, E Gushchin, Yu Guz, T Gys, C Göbel, T Hadavizadeh, C Hadjivasiliou, G Haefeli, C Haen, S C Haines, B Hamilton, X Han, T H Hancock, S Hansmann-Menzemer, N Harnew, S T Harnew, C Hasse, M Hatch, J He, M Hecker, K Heinicke, A Heister, K Hennessy, P Henrard, L Henry, E van Herwijnen, M Heß, A Hicheur, D Hill, C Hombach, P H Hopchev, W Hu, Z C Huard, W Hulsbergen, T Humair, M Hushchyn, D Hutchcroft, P Ibis, M Idzik, P Ilten, R Jacobsson, J Jalocha, E Jans, A Jawahery, F Jiang, M John, D Johnson, C R Jones, C Joram, B Jost, N Jurik, S Kandybei, M Karacson, J M Kariuki, S Karodia, N Kazeev, M Kecke, F Keizer, M Kelsey, M Kenzie, T Ketel, E Khairullin, B Khanji, C Khurewathanakul, T Kirn, S Klaver, K Klimaszewski, T Klimkovich, S Koliiev, M Kolpin, R Kopecna, P Koppenburg, A Kosmyntseva, S Kotriakhova, M Kozeiha, L Kravchuk, M Kreps, F Kress, P Krokovny, F Kruse, W Krzemien, W Kucewicz, M Kucharczyk, V Kudryavtsev, A K Kuonen, T Kvaratskheliya, D Lacarrere, G Lafferty, A Lai, G Lanfranchi, C Langenbruch, T Latham, C Lazzeroni, R Le Gac, A Leflat, J Lefrançois, R Lefèvre, F Lemaitre, E Lemos Cid, O Leroy, T Lesiak, B Leverington, P-R Li, T Li, Y Li, Z Li, T Likhomanenko, R Lindner, F Lionetto, V Lisovskyi, X Liu, D Loh, A Loi, I Longstaff, J H Lopes, D Lucchesi, M Lucio Martinez, H Luo, A Lupato, E Luppi, O Lupton, A Lusiani, X Lyu, F Machefert, F Maciuc, V Macko, P Mackowiak, S Maddrell-Mander, O Maev, K Maguire, D Maisuzenko, M W Majewski, S Malde, B Malecki, A Malinin, T Maltsev, G Manca, G Mancinelli, D Marangotto, J Maratas, J F Marchand, U Marconi, C Marin Benito, M Marinangeli, P Marino, J Marks, G Martellotti, M Martin, M Martinelli, D Martinez Santos, F Martinez Vidal, L M Massacrier, A Massafferri, R Matev, A Mathad, Z Mathe, C Matteuzzi, A Mauri, E Maurice, B Maurin, A Mazurov, M McCann, A McNab, R McNulty, J V Mead, B Meadows, C Meaux, F Meier, N Meinert, D Melnychuk, M Merk, A Merli, E Michielin, D A Milanes, E Millard, M-N Minard, L Minzoni, D S Mitzel, A Mogini, J Molina Rodriguez, T Mombächer, I A Monroy, S Monteil, M Morandin, M J Morello, O Morgunova, J Moron, A B Morris, R Mountain, F Muheim, M Mulder, D Müller, J Müller, K Müller, V Müller, P Naik, T Nakada, R Nandakumar, A Nandi, I Nasteva, M Needham, N Neri, S Neubert, N Neufeld, M Neuner, T D Nguyen, C Nguyen-Mau, S Nieswand, R Niet, N Nikitin, T Nikodem, A Nogay, D P O'Hanlon, A Oblakowska-Mucha, V Obraztsov, S Ogilvy, R Oldeman, C J G Onderwater, A Ossowska, J M Otalora Goicochea, P Owen, A Oyanguren, P R Pais, A Palano, M Palutan, A Papanestis, M Pappagallo, L L Pappalardo, W Parker, C Parkes, G Passaleva, A Pastore, M Patel, C Patrignani, A Pearce, A Pellegrino, G Penso, M Pepe Altarelli, S Perazzini, P Perret, L Pescatore, K Petridis, A Petrolini, A Petrov, M Petruzzo, E Picatoste Olloqui, B Pietrzyk, M Pikies, D Pinci, F Pisani, A Pistone, A Piucci, V Placinta, S Playfer, M Plo Casasus, F Polci, M Poli Lener, A Poluektov, I Polyakov, E Polycarpo, G J Pomery, S Ponce, A Popov, D Popov, S Poslavskii, C Potterat, E Price, J Prisciandaro, C Prouve, V Pugatch, A Puig Navarro, H Pullen, G Punzi, W Qian, R Quagliani, B Quintana, B Rachwal, J H Rademacker, M Rama, M Ramos Pernas, M S Rangel, I Raniuk, F Ratnikov, G Raven, M Ravonel Salzgeber, M Reboud, F Redi, S Reichert, A C Dos Reis, C Remon Alepuz, V Renaudin, S Ricciardi, S Richards, M Rihl, K Rinnert, V Rives Molina, P Robbe, A Robert, A B Rodrigues, E Rodrigues, J A Rodriguez Lopez, A Rogozhnikov, S Roiser, A Rollings, V Romanovskiy, A Romero Vidal, J W Ronayne, M Rotondo, M S Rudolph, T Ruf, P Ruiz Valls, J Ruiz Vidal, J J Saborido Silva, E Sadykhov, N Sagidova, B Saitta, V Salustino Guimaraes, C Sanchez Mayordomo, B Sanmartin Sedes, R Santacesaria, C Santamarina Rios, M Santimaria, E Santovetti, G Sarpis, A Sarti, C Satriano, A Satta, D M Saunders, D Savrina, S Schael, M Schellenberg, M Schiller, H Schindler, M Schmelling, T Schmelzer, B Schmidt, O Schneider, A Schopper, H F Schreiner, M Schubiger, M-H Schune, R Schwemmer, B Sciascia, A Sciubba, A Semennikov, E S Sepulveda, A Sergi, N Serra, J Serrano, L Sestini, P Seyfert, M Shapkin, I Shapoval, Y Shcheglov, T Shears, L Shekhtman, V Shevchenko, B G Siddi, R Silva Coutinho, L Silva de Oliveira, G Simi, S Simone, M Sirendi, N Skidmore, T Skwarnicki, E Smith, I T Smith, J Smith, M Smith, L Soares Lavra, M D Sokoloff, F J P Soler, B Souza De Paula, B Spaan, P Spradlin, S Sridharan, F Stagni, M Stahl, S Stahl, P Stefko, S Stefkova, O Steinkamp, S Stemmle, O Stenyakin, M Stepanova, H Stevens, S Stone, B Storaci, S Stracka, M E Stramaglia, M Straticiuc, U Straumann, J Sun, L Sun, W Sutcliffe, K Swientek, V Syropoulos, T Szumlak, M Szymanski, S T'Jampens, A Tayduganov, T Tekampe, G Tellarini, F Teubert, E Thomas, J van Tilburg, M J Tilley, V Tisserand, M Tobin, S Tolk, L Tomassetti, D Tonelli, F Toriello, R Tourinho Jadallah Aoude, E Tournefier, M Traill, M T Tran, M Tresch, A Trisovic, A Tsaregorodtsev, P Tsopelas, A Tully, N Tuning, A Ukleja, A Usachov, A Ustyuzhanin, U Uwer, C Vacca, A Vagner, V Vagnoni, A Valassi, S Valat, G Valenti, R Vazquez Gomez, P Vazquez Regueiro, S Vecchi, M van Veghel, J J Velthuis, M Veltri, G Veneziano, A Venkateswaran, T A Verlage, M Vernet, M Vesterinen, J V Viana Barbosa, B Viaud, D Vieira, M Vieites Diaz, H Viemann, X Vilasis-Cardona, M Vitti, V Volkov, A Vollhardt, B Voneki, A Vorobyev, V Vorobyev, C Voß, J A de Vries, C Vázquez Sierra, R Waldi, C Wallace, R Wallace, J Walsh, J Wang, D R Ward, H M Wark, N K Watson, D Websdale, A Weiden, C Weisser, M Whitehead, J Wicht, G Wilkinson, M Wilkinson, M Williams, M P Williams, M Williams, T Williams, F F Wilson, J Wimberley, M Winn, J Wishahi, W Wislicki, M Witek, G Wormser, S A Wotton, K Wraight, K Wyllie, Y Xie, M Xu, Z Xu, Z Yang, Z Yang, Y Yao, H Yin, J Yu, X Yuan, O Yushchenko, K A Zarebski, M Zavertyaev, L Zhang, Y Zhang, A Zhelezov, Y Zheng, X Zhu, V Zhukov, J B Zonneveld, S Zucchelli
Searches are performed for both promptlike and long-lived dark photons, A^{'}, produced in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, using A^{'}→μ^{+}μ^{-} decays and a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.6  fb^{-1} collected with the LHCb detector. The promptlike A^{'} search covers the mass range from near the dimuon threshold up to 70 GeV, while the long-lived A^{'} search is restricted to the low-mass region 214<m(A^{'})<350  MeV. No evidence for a signal is found, and 90% confidence level exclusion limits are placed on the γ-A^{'} kinetic-mixing strength...
February 9, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Na Zhao, Jin Cao, Longyong Xu, Qianzi Tang, Lacey E Dobrolecki, Xiangdong Lv, Manisha Talukdar, Yang Lu, Xiaoran Wang, Dorothy Z Hu, Qing Shi, Yu Xiang, Yunfei Wang, Xia Liu, Wen Bu, Yi Jiang, Mingzhou Li, Yingyun Gong, Zheng Sun, Haoqiang Ying, Bo Yuan, Xia Lin, Xin-Hua Feng, Sean M Hartig, Feng Li, Haifa Shen, Yiwen Chen, Leng Han, Qingping Zeng, John B Patterson, Benny Abraham Kaipparettu, Nagireddy Putluri, Frank Sicheri, Jeffrey M Rosen, Michael T Lewis, Xi Chen
The unfolded protein response (UPR) is a cellular homeostatic mechanism that is activated in many human cancers and plays pivotal roles in tumor progression and therapy resistance. However, the molecular mechanisms for UPR activation and regulation in cancer cells remain elusive. Here, we show that oncogenic MYC regulates the inositol-requiring enzyme 1 (IRE1)/X-box binding protein 1 (XBP1) branch of the UPR in breast cancer via multiple mechanisms. We found that MYC directly controls IRE1 transcription by binding to its promoter and enhancer...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Geng Zong, Damaskini Valvi, Brent Coull, Thomas Göen, Frank B Hu, Flemming Nielsen, Philippe Grandjean, Qi Sun
BACKGROUND: Exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) may predispose to the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D), but prospective human evidence is scarce. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the association between plasma-POP concentrations in the late 1990s and incident T2D over 11 years of follow-up in the Nurses' Health Study II. DISCUSSION: Three organochlorine pesticides and 20 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were measured in banked plasma from 793 case-control pairs of T2D...
February 21, 2018: Environment International
Justin R Buendia, Yanping Li, Frank B Hu, Howard J Cabral, M Loring Bradlee, Paula A Quatromoni, Martha R Singer, Gary C Curhan, Lynn L Moore
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure (HBP) is a major cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor. Clinical trials including Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) have demonstrated beneficial effects of dairy consumption on risks of HBP and CVD. Yogurt, a fermented dairy product, may independently be related to CVD risk. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between yogurt consumption and CVD risk among hypertensive individuals in 2 large cohorts and to determine whether the association differs among those whose eating pattern more closely resembles the DASH diet...
February 15, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
Tianyi Huang, Brian M Lin, Sarah C Markt, Meir J Stampfer, Francine Laden, Frank B Hu, Shelley S Tworoger, Susan Redline
Despite well-known male predominance in the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), sex differences in the associations between OSA and a comprehensive range of epidemiologic factors remain less clear.We examined the prevalence of self-reported OSA in 143 326 women (age: 48-93) from the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and NHSII and 22 896 men from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (age: 65-101) in 2012-2013. Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate the sex-specific prevalence odds ratios (pOR) and 95% CIs of OSA by demographic, anthropometric, lifestyle and co-morbidity factors...
February 15, 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
Buyun Liu, Yangbo Sun, Linda G Snetselaar, Qi Sun, Quanhe Yang, Zefeng Zhang, Liegang Liu, Frank B Hu, Wei Bao
BACKGROUND: High trans fatty acid (TFA) diet induces insulin resistance in experimental studies in rodent models and primates. However, previous epidemiological studies on the association between trans fatty acids (TFAs), mainly based on self-reported intake from diet, and diabetes have yielded conflicting results. We examined the associations of objectively-measured plasma TFA concentrations with diabetes in a large population-based study among U.S. adults. METHODS: We included 3,801 participants aged 20 years or older from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2000 and 2009-2010...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Dong D Wang, Frank B Hu
Precision nutrition aims to prevent and manage chronic diseases by tailoring dietary interventions or recommendations to one or a combination of an individual's genetic background, metabolic profile, and environmental exposures. Recent advances in genomics, metabolomics, and gut microbiome technologies have offered opportunities as well as challenges in the use of precision nutrition to prevent and manage type 2 diabetes. Nutrigenomics studies have identified genetic variants that influence intake and metabolism of specific nutrients and predict individuals' variability in response to dietary interventions...
February 9, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
Yu Yuan, Yang Xiao, Yanqiu Yu, Yiyi Liu, Wei Feng, Gaokun Qiu, Hao Wang, Bing Liu, Jing Wang, Lue Zhou, Kang Liu, Xuedan Xu, Handong Yang, Xiulou Li, Lu Qi, Xiaomin Zhang, Meian He, Frank B Hu, An Pan, Tangchun Wu
The long-term associations between multiple metals and incident diabetes are uncertain. We aimed to examine the relationship between plasma concentrations of 23 metals and the incidence of type 2 diabetes among Chinese senior adults. We quantified fasting plasma concentrations of 23 metals by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry among 1039 incident diabetes cases and 1039 controls (age and sex matched) nested in a prospective study, the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort. Both cases and controls were free of diabetes at baseline (2008-2010), incident diabetes were identified using the following criteria: fasting glucose ≥ 7...
February 8, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Brianna Bourgeois, Krista Watts, Diana M Thomas, Owen Carmichael, Frank B Hu, Moonseong Heo, John E Hall, Steven B Heymsfield
The mechanisms linking short stature with an increase in cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease risk remain elusive. This study tested the hypothesis that significant associations are present between height and blood pressure in a representative sample of the US adult population.Participants were 12,988 men and women from a multiethnic sample (age ≥ 18 years) evaluated in the 1999 to 2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey who were not taking antihypertensive medications and who had complete height, weight, % body fat, and systolic and diastolic arterial blood pressure (SBP and DBP) measurements; mean arterial blood pressure and pulse pressure (MBP and PP) were calculated...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Teresa T Fung, Sheila Isanaka, Frank B Hu, Walter C Willett
Background: Standard diet quality assessment tools, which measure micronutrient sufficiency and food consumption related to disease and applicable to different populations, are needed to track progress in meeting the Sustainable Development Goals related to hunger, food security, and nutrition. Diet quality scores have been constructed for high- and low-income countries, but none are simple to administer or applicable internationally. Objective: We prospectively examined the association between the Food Group Index (FGI), the Minimal Diet Diversity Score for Women (MDDW), and a new Prime Diet Quality Score (PDQS), and the risk of ischemic heart disease (IHD) in 3 US cohorts...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Tianyi Huang, Brian M Lin, Susan Redline, Gary C Curhan, Frank B Hu, Shelley S Tworoger
Despite established sex differences and longstanding hypotheses of sex hormones in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) etiology, no studies have evaluated type of menopause and age at menopause, which affect postmenopausal hormonal milieu, in relation to OSA risk in women. We followed 50,473 postmenopausal women from the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) between 2002-2012 and 53,827 postmenopausal women from the NHSII between 1995-2013, with 1,712 and 2,560 incident OSA diagnoses, respectively. Compared with natural menopause, the pooled HR for OSA was 1...
January 22, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
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