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Behavioral health

Amy M Kilbourne, Michelle M Barbaresso, Zongshan Lai, Kristina M Nord, Margretta Bramlet, David E Goodrich, Edward P Post, Daniel Almirall, Mark S Bauer
OBJECTIVE: Persons with chronic mental disorders are disproportionately burdened with physical health conditions. We determined whether Life Goals Collaborative Care compared to usual care improves physical health in patients with mental disorders within 12 months. METHODS: This single-blind randomized controlled effectiveness study of a collaborative care model was conducted at a midwestern Veterans Affairs urban outpatient mental health clinic. Patients (N = 293 out of 474 eligible approached) with an ICD-9-CM diagnosis of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or major depressive disorder and at least 1 cardiovascular disease risk factor provided informed consent and were randomized (February 24, 2010, to April 29, 2015) to Life Goals (n = 146) or usual care (n = 147)...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Marianne Goodman, David Banthin, Nicholas J Blair, Kathryn A Mascitelli, Jaime Wilsnack, Jennifer Chen, Julie W Messenger, M Mercedes Perez-Rodriguez, Joseph Triebwasser, Harold W Koenigsberg, Raymond R Goetz, Erin A Hazlett, Antonia S New
OBJECTIVE: Despite advances in suicide prevention implemented throughout the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) including the hiring of Suicide Prevention Coordinators (SPCs) at every VA hospital, enhanced monitoring, and the availability of 24-hour crisis hotline services, suicide by veterans remains a critical problem affecting 20 veterans daily. Few empirically based treatment strategies for suicide prevention for postdeployment military personnel exist. This study aimed to test whether dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), one of the few psychosocial treatments with proven efficacy in diminishing suicidal behavior in individuals with personality disorder, can be applied to veterans irrespective of personality diagnosis...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Loes A M Leenen, Ben F M Wijnen, Reina J A de Kinderen, Caroline M van Heugten, Silvia M A A Evers, Marian H J M Majoie
INTRODUCTION: Self-management for people with epilepsy (PWE) should lead to shared decision-making and thus to adherence to the treatment plan. eHealth is an important way of supporting PWE in their self-management. METHOD: In this survey, we used a mixed method to explore the following: 1) which factors were monitored by PWE and how (using pen and paper or eHealth-tools), 2) how many PWE own a computer or smartphone, and 3) how do they perceive the use of eHealth...
October 22, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Hyun-Sung An, Youngwon Kim, Jung-Min Lee
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to examine the accuracy of inclinometer functions of the ActiGraph GT3X+ (AG) (worn on the waist and wrist) and the activPAL (AP) in assessing time spent sitting, standing, and stepping. METHODS: A total of 62 adults (age: 18-40 yrs; male:37; female:25) wore three activity monitors (AG waist, and AG wrist, and AP) while completing 15 different types of activities. The 15 activities were classified into 3 different postures (sitting, standing, and stepping) based on the directly observed behaviors...
October 18, 2016: Gait & Posture
Allison P Anderson, Abigail M Fellows, Kim A Binsted, Mark T Hegel, Jay C Buckey
INTRODUCTION: Living in an isolated, confined environment (ICE) can induce conflict, stress, and depression. Computer-based behavioral health countermeasures are appealing for training and treatment in ICEs because they provide confidentiality and do not require communication with the outside environment. We evaluated the Virtual Space Station (VSS), a suite of interactive computer-delivered psychological training and treatment programs, at the Hawaii Space Exploration Analog and Simulation (HI-SEAS) III expedition...
2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Maria Cooper, MeLisa R Creamer, Christina Ly, Brittani Crook, Melissa B Harrell, Cheryl L Perry
OBJECTIVES: We assessed risk perceptions and social norms about tobacco use across adolescent non-users of tobacco, single- product users, and dual/poly-product users. METHODS: Use behaviors specific to e-cigarettes, cigarettes, hookah, cigars, and smokeless tobacco were assessed among 6th, 8th and 10th grade students (sample [n] = 3907 from a population of [N] = 461,069 students). Multivariate regression was used to examine differences in these factors across use categories, adjusted for demographic factors...
November 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Kelly B Filipkowski, Kristin E Heron, Joshua M Smyth
OBJECTIVE: This study cross-sectionally and prospectively examined the impact of adversity experienced prior to college on the health and well-being of students adjusting to their first college semester. METHODS: Two-hundred sixteen (216) first-year students completed measures of adverse life experiences, perceived stress, physical symptoms, and health-related behaviors during the first 2 weeks of college entry and again at the end of the first semester. RESULTS: Reported adversity prior to college predicted greater perceived stress and physical symptoms at college entry and an increase in physical symptoms over the semester; perceived stress mediated the prospective changes...
November 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Jessica L Thomson, Lisa M Tussing-Humphreys, Melissa H Goodman, Sarah E Olender
OBJECTIVES: Delta Healthy Sprouts was designed to test the comparative impact of 2 home visiting curricula on weight status, dietary intake, physical activity, and other health behaviors of rural, southern African-American women and their infants. Results pertaining to physical activity outcomes in the gestational period are reported. METHODS: Eighty-two women, early in their second trimester of pregnancy, were enrolled and randomly assigned to one of 2 treatment arms...
November 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Julia Campbell, John J M Dwyer, Jason B Coe
Promoting dog walking among dog owners is consistent with One Health, which focuses on the mutual health benefits of the human-animal relationship for people and animals. In this study, we used intervention mapping (a framework to develop programs and resources for health promotion) to develop a clearer understanding of the determinants of dog walking to develop curricular and educational resources for promoting regular dog walking among dog owners. Twenty-six adult dog owners in Ontario participated in a semi-structured interview about dog walking in 2014...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Ga-Young Choi, Eun Koh, Sam Choi, Ji-Young Cho
This study examines the breast cancer screening behaviors of Korean American women focusing on their cultural beliefs and access to health care. A total of 111 Korean American women participated in the cross-sectional survey research. Korean American women who felt embarrassed about breast cancer screenings were less likely to have received clinical breast exams or mammograms. Implications to culturally competent social work practice in promoting their breast cancer screening behaviors are discussed.
October 25, 2016: Social Work in Health Care
C Emily Hendrick, Joseph E Potter
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is associated with numerous health benefits for the infant and mother. Latina women in the United States have historically had high overall rates of initiation and duration of breastfeeding. However, these rates vary by nativity and time lived in the United States. Exclusive breastfeeding patterns among Latina women are unclear. In this study, we investigate the current and exclusive breastfeeding patterns of Mexican-origin women at four time points from delivery to 10 months postpartum to determine the combined association of nativity and country of education with breastfeeding duration and supplementation...
October 25, 2016: Birth
M H Nagtegaal, K Goethals, G Meynen
So far, it is not known what costs and benefits are connected with the tbs-measure, a measure that involves a mandatory treatment programme for forensic psychiatric patients.<br/> AIM: To explore the costs and benefits that the tbs-measure has on society, on other important stakeholders such as victims and/or next-of-kin and the forensic psychiatric patients themselves. <br/> METHOD: We studied the relevant literature.<br/> RESULTS: The average costs of the tbs-treatment programme are 1.5 million euros...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
Xingdong Chen, Ziyu Yuan, Ming Lu, Yuechan Zhang, Li Jin, Weimin Ye
To further examine the association between oral hygiene and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) risk and the effect modification of other exposures, we conducted a population-based case-control study between 2010 and 2012 in Taixing, China, a high-risk area for ESCC. Cases were primarily recruited from endoscopy units at local hospitals, supplemented by linkage to the local Cancer Registry. Control subjects were frequency matched to cases by sex and age (5-year groups) and were randomly selected from the Taixing Population Registry...
October 25, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Oni J Blackstock, Brent A Moore, Gail V Berkenblit, Sarah K Calabrese, Chinazo O Cunningham, David A Fiellin, Viraj V Patel, Karran A Phillips, Jeanette M Tetrault, Minesh Shah, E Jennifer Edelman
BACKGROUND: Among health care providers, prescription of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has been low. Little is known specifically about primary care physicians (PCPs) with regard to PrEP awareness and adoption (i.e., prescription or referral), and factors associated with adoption. OBJECTIVE: To assess PrEP awareness, PrEP adoption, and factors associated with adoption among PCPs. DESIGN: Cross-sectional online survey conducted in April and May 2015...
October 24, 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Hermann Fromme, Wolfgang Schober
Waterpipe (WP) smoking, also known as shisha or hookah smoking, is growing in western countries as an alternative to cigarette smoking, especially in younger age groups. A majority of smokers mistakenly believe that shisha smoking is a social entertainment practice that leads to more social behavior and relaxation and that this type of smoking is safe or less harmful and less addictive than cigarette smoking.In reality, WP smokers are exposed to hundreds of toxic substances that include well-known carcinogens...
October 24, 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Allison N Kurti, Danielle R Davis, Ryan Redner, Brantley P Jarvis, Ivori Zvorsky, Diana R Keith, Hypatia A Bolivar, Thomas J White, Peter Rippberger, Catherine Markesich, Gary Atwood, Stephen T Higgins
Use of technology (e.g., Internet, cell phones) to allow remote implementation of incentives interventions for health-related behavior change is growing. To our knowledge, there has yet to be a systematic review of this literature reported. The present report provides a systematic review of the controlled studies where technology was used to remotely implement financial incentive interventions targeting substance use and other health behaviors published between 2004 and 2015. For inclusion in the review, studies had to use technology to remotely accomplish one of the following two aims alone or in combination: (a) monitor the target behavior, or (b) deliver incentives for achieving the target goal...
June 2016: Translational Issues in Psychological Science
Thérésa Lebacq, Cloë Ost, Sarah Bel, Loes Brocatus, Eveline Teppers, Koenraad Cuypers, Jean Tafforeau, Karin A A De Ridder
BACKGROUND: There is strong evidence to indicate that regular moderate intensity physical activity is associated with health benefits. Furthermore, sedentary behavior has been related with an increased risk for all-cause mortality. The accurate measurement of physical activity and sedentary behavior is therefore vital to evaluate their health impact and provide evidence for the development of public health recommendations. This paper describes the methodology used for assessing physical activity and sedentary behavior in the Belgian population in the context of the Belgian National Food Consumption Survey 2014 (BNFCS2014)...
2016: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
Jani Nöthling, Sharain Suliman, Lindi Martin, Candice Simmons, Soraya Seedat
South African adolescents are exposed to high levels of violence and trauma, including community violence, abuse, and neglect. Violence and trauma are associated with negative mental health outcomes, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. Demographic characteristics, additional exposure to trauma, community violence, and types of childhood abuse and neglect may place adolescents at greater risk of developing PTSD. This study aimed to first assess the weighted contribution of demographic factors, trauma load, community violence, and types of abuse and neglect in predicting PTSD symptom severity...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Richard Thompson, Terri Lewis, Elizabeth C Neilson, Diana J English, Alan J Litrownik, Benyamin Margolis, Laura Proctor, Howard Dubowitz
Risky sexual behavior is a serious public health problem. Child sexual abuse is an established risk factor, but other forms of maltreatment appear to elevate risky behavior. The mechanisms by which child maltreatment influence risk are not well understood. This study used data from 859 high-risk youth, followed through age 18. Official reports of each form of maltreatment were coded. At age 16, potential mediators (trauma symptoms and substance use) were assessed. At age 18, risky sexual behavior (more than four partners, unprotected sex, unassertiveness in sexual refusal) was assessed...
October 24, 2016: Child Maltreatment
Sonya Negriff, Janet U Schneiderman, Penelope K Trickett
The present study used data from an ongoing longitudinal study of the effects of maltreatment on adolescent development to (1) describe rates of maltreatment experiences obtained from retrospective self-report versus case record review for adolescents with child welfare-documented maltreatment histories, (2) examine self-reported versus child welfare-identified maltreatment in relation to mental health and risk behavior outcomes by maltreatment type, and (3) examine the association between the number of different types of maltreatment and mental health and risk behavior outcomes...
October 24, 2016: Child Maltreatment
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