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Animal assisted intervention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645400/evaluation-of-a-new-chest-physiotherapy-technique-in-dogs-with-airway-fluid-accumulation-hospitalized-in-an-intensive-care-unit
#1
Céline Pouzot-Nevoret, Isabelle Goy-Thollot, Didier Billet, Anthony Barthélemy, Maïlys Blesch, Aurélie Pin, Kate Hopper
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility, benefits, and adverse effects of prolonged slow expiration (PSE) and assisted cough (AC) as chest physiotherapy (CP) techniques in dogs with airway fluid accumulation. DESIGN: Prospective interventional study. SETTINGS: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Intervention group of 30 client-owned dogs and retrospective control group of 71 client-owned dogs. INTERVENTIONS: PSE was performed on dogs with evidence of airway fluid accumulation, identified based on physical examination and thoracic radiographs...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617398/impact-of-an-animal-assisted-therapy-programme-on-physiological-and-psychosocial-variables-of-paediatric-oncology-patients
#2
Nathiana B Silva, Flávia L Osório
The objective of this study was to propose an intervention and safety protocol for performing animal-assisted therapy (AAT) and evaluating its efficacy in children under outpatient oncological treatment based on psychological, physiological, and quality of life indicators for the children and caregivers. The sample consisted of 24 children diagnosed with leukaemia and solid tumours (58% girls with a mean age of 8.0 years) who underwent an AAT programme consisting of three 30-min sessions in an open group. Two dogs (one Labrador retriever and one golden retriever) were used, and activities such as sensory stimulation, gait training, and socialization were conducted...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570754/computational-fluid-dynamics-of-vascular-disease-in-animal-models
#3
Andrea Acuna, Alycia Berman, Frederick Damen, Brett Myers, Amelia Adelsperger, Kelsey Bayer, Melissa Brindise, Brittani L Bungart, Alexander M Kiel, Rachel Morrison, Joseph Muskat, Kelsey Wasilczuk, Yi Wen, Jiacheng Zhang, Patrick Zito, Craig Goergen
Recent applications of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) applied to the cardiovascular system have demonstrated its power in investigating the impact of hemodynamics on disease initiation, progression, and treatment outcomes. Flow metrics such as pressure distributions, wall shear stresses, and blood velocity profiles can be quantified to provide insight into observed pathologies, assist with surgical planning, or even predict disease progression. While numerous studies have performed simulations on clinical human patient data, it often lacks pre-diagnosis information and can be subject to large inter-subject variability, limiting the generalizability of findings...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566561/a-multimodality-imaging-compatible-insertion-robot-with-a-respiratory-motion-calibration-module-designed-for-ablation-of-liver-tumors-a-preclinical-study
#4
Dongrui Li, Zhigang Cheng, Gang Chen, Fangyi Liu, Wenbo Wu, Jie Yu, Ying Gu, Fengyong Liu, Chao Ren, Ping Liang
PURPOSE: To test the accuracy and efficacy of the multimodality imaging-compatible insertion robot with a respiratory motion calibration module designed for ablation of liver tumors in phantom and animal models. To evaluate and compare the influences of intervention experience on robot-assisted and ultrasound-controlled ablation procedures Methods: Accuracy tests on rigid body/phantom model with a respiratory movement simulation device and microwave ablation tests on porcine liver tumor/rabbit liver cancer were performed with the robot we designed or with the traditional ultrasound-guidance by physicians with or without intervention experience...
March 22, 2018: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563027/effect-of-a-robotic-seal-on-the-motor-activity-and-sleep-patterns-of-older-people-with-dementia-as-measured-by-wearable-technology-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Wendy Moyle, Cindy Jones, Jenny Murfield, Lukman Thalib, Elizabeth Beattie, David Shum, Siobhan O'Dwyer, M Cindy Mervin, Brian Draper
OBJECTIVES: The robotic seal, PARO, has been used as an alternative to animal-assisted therapies with residents with dementia in long-term care, yet understanding of its efficacy is limited by a paucity of research. We explored the effects of PARO on motor activity and sleep patterns, as measured by a wearable triaxial accelerometer. STUDY DESIGN: Cluster-randomised controlled trial, involving 28 facilities in Queensland, Australia. Nine facilities were randomised to the PARO group (individual, non-facilitated, 15-min sessions three afternoons per week for 10 weeks), 10 to a plush toy (PARO with robotic features disabled) and nine to usual care...
April 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533149/examining-the-effects-of-a-service-trained-facility-dog-on-stress-in-children-undergoing-forensic-interview-for-allegations-of-child-sexual-abuse
#6
Cheryl A Krause-Parello, Michele Thames, Colleen M Ray, John Kolassa
Disclosure of child sexual abuse can be a stressful experience for the child. Gaining a better understanding of how best to serve the child, while preserving the quality of their disclosure, is an ever-evolving process. The data to answer this question come from 51 children aged 4-16 (M = 9.1, SD = 3.5), who were referred to a child advocacy center in Virginia for a forensic interview (FI) following allegations of sexual abuse. A repeated measures design was conducted to examine how the presence of a service-trained facility dog (e...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514488/palliative-care-matters-lessons-from-the-loss-of-a-facility-dog
#7
Elizabeth Holman, Cari Levy, Brenda Kennedy
Animal-assisted intervention is gaining attention as a stress reduction modality. Quantitative data demonstrate its effectiveness, as a recent study published in AJHPM supported that a Veterans Affairs (VA) hospital facility dog paired with a palliative care psychologist had a measurable impact on salivary cortisol levels and heart rate in hospitalized veterans. There remains an important role for qualitative insights. The Denver VA palliative care team learned a range of lessons from the sudden loss of their facility dog, many of which relate directly to palliative care...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495516/effects-of-a-carob-pod-derived-sweetener-on-glucose-metabolism
#8
Carmen Lambert, Judit Cubedo, Teresa Padró, Gemma Vilahur, Sergi López-Bernal, Milagros Rocha, Antonio Hernández-Mijares, Lina Badimon
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have a higher incidence of cardiovascular (CV) events. The ingestion of high-glycemic index (GI) diets, specially sweetened beverage consumption, has been associated with the development of T2DM and CV disease. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effects of the intake of a sweetened beverage, obtained from natural carbohydrates containing pinitol (PEB) compared to a sucrose-enriched beverage (SEB) in the context of impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and diabetes...
February 27, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478206/effect-of-ambient-management-interventions-on-the-production-and-physiological-performance-of-lactating-sahiwal-cattle-during-hot-dry-summer
#9
Mehtab Ahmad, Jalees Ahmed Bhatti, Muhammad Abdullah, Khalid Javed, Mehboob Ali, Ghazanfar Rashid, Rafi Uddin, Ali Hassan Badini, Mudassar Jehan
During summer season, increase in the environmental temperature in the subtropical regions of Pakistan is negatively affecting the performance of dairy animals. The study objective was to determine the effect of ambient management (90 days) on productive and physiological performance of lactating Sahiwal cows during hot dry summer season. Fifteen lactating cows during the early lactation stage, having similar parity (3), daily milk production (6.2 l), were randomly allocated to three treatments, 5 cows each, i...
February 24, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471844/spatiotemporal-patterns-and-environmental-drivers-of-human-echinococcoses-over-a-twenty-year-period-in-ningxia-hui-autonomous-region-china
#10
Angela M Cadavid Restrepo, Yu Rong Yang, Donald P McManus, Darren J Gray, Tamsin S Barnes, Gail M Williams, Ricardo J Soares Magalhães, Nicholas A S Hamm, Archie C A Clements
BACKGROUND: Human cystic (CE) and alveolar (AE) echinococcoses are zoonotic parasitic diseases that can be influenced by environmental variability and change through effects on the parasites, animal intermediate and definitive hosts, and human populations. We aimed to assess and quantify the spatiotemporal patterns of human echinococcoses in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR), China between January 1994 and December 2013, and examine associations between these infections and indicators of environmental variability and change, including large-scale landscape regeneration undertaken by the Chinese authorities...
February 22, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464441/left-heart-pressures-can-be-the-key-to-know-the-limitation-of-left-ventricular-assist-device-support-against-progression-of-aortic-insufficiency
#11
Kei Iizuka, Tomohiro Nishinaka, Noritsugu Naito, Daichi Akiyama, Yoshiaki Takewa, Kenji Yamazaki, Eisuke Tatsumi
Aortic insufficiency (AI) is a worrisome complication under left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support. AI progression causes LVAD-left ventricular (LV) recirculation and can require surgical intervention to the aortic valve. However, the limitations of LVAD support are not well known. Using an animal model of LVAD with AI, the effect of AI progression on hemodynamics and myocardial oxygen metabolism were investigated. Five goats (Saanen 48 ± 2 kg) underwent centrifugal type LVAD, EVAHEART, implantation...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444239/therapeutic-efficacy-of-microtube-embedded-chondroitinase-abc-in-a-canine-clinical-model-of-spinal-cord-injury
#12
Hilary Z Hu, Nicolas Granger, S Balakrishna Pai, Ravi V Bellamkonda, Nick D Jeffery
Many hundreds of thousands of people around the world are living with the long-term consequences of spinal cord injury and they need effective new therapies. Laboratory research in experimental animals has identified a large number of potentially translatable interventions but transition to the clinic is not straightforward. Further evidence of efficacy in more clinically-relevant lesions is required to gain sufficient confidence to commence human clinical trials. Of the many therapeutic candidates currently available, intraspinally applied chondroitinase ABC has particularly well documented efficacy in experimental animals...
February 9, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441797/animal-assisted-intervention-and-dementia-a-systematic-review
#13
Michelle L Yakimicki, Nancy E Edwards, Elizabeth Richards, Alan M Beck
This review discusses the relationship between animal-assisted interventions (AAI) and behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). A systematic search was conducted within CINAHL, Web of Science CAB Abstracts, PubMed, Abstracts in Social Gerontology, Google Scholar, and PsycINFO for primary research articles. A total of 32 studies were included in the final review. Variation was noted in study designs and in study setting. Twenty-seven of 32 studies used dogs as the intervention. Agitation/aggression showed a significant decrease in nine of 15 studies...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429412/animal-assisted-intervention-in-the-icu-a-tool-for-humanization
#14
EDITORIAL
Megan M Hosey, Janice Jaskulski, Stephen T Wegener, Linda L Chlan, Dale M Needham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401355/animal-assisted-therapy-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-lessons-from-case-reports-in-media-stories
#15
Eric L Altschuler
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can follow war trauma, sexual abuse, other traumas, and even be experienced by commanders for the PTSD of their subordinates. Medications and counseling are sometimes not effective, so new treatments are needed. Some years ago, I suggested that animal-assisted therapy (AAT) (pet therapy) might be beneficial for PTSD. A large randomized controlled trial is underway of canine-assisted therapy for PTSD. Randomized controlled trials are most useful in assessing the efficacy of a medical intervention as these trials control for known and unknown biases...
January 1, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400550/who-let-the-dogs-out-therapy-dogs-in-clinical-practice
#16
M G Jones, S M Rice, S M Cotton
OBJECTIVES: Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) is a growing field in Australia, and therapy dogs are becoming increasingly common in clinical settings. This paper aims to highlight the current issues facing AAT in Australia and to make recommendations on how to progress the field. We acknowledge that there are several ways that therapy dogs may enhance treatment outcomes for clients, such as reductions in stress and acute anxious arousal, and improvements in engagement and rapport. These psychological and physiological advantages, however, may not be sustained once interaction with the dog ceases...
February 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360997/novel-regenerative-therapy-combined-with-transphrenic-peritoneoscopy-assisted-omentopexy
#17
Satoshi Kainuma, Kiyokazu Nakajima, Shigeru Miyagawa, Satsuki Fukushima, Atsuhiro Saito, Akima Harada, Masashi Hirota, Yasuhiro Miyazaki, Noriyoshi Sawabata, Tadashi Watabe, Hiroshi Watabe, Koichi Toda, Jun Hatazawa, Meinoshin Okumura, Yoshiki Sawa
OBJECTIVES: We previously reported that cell sheet transplantation combined with an omentopexy (OP) procedure is more effective for repairing heart damage when compared with cell sheet transplantation alone. However, a simultaneous (conventional) laparotomy as part of the OP may adversely affect the general condition of critically ill heart failure patients who would otherwise benefit from cell sheet transplantation, which is a paradox to be reconciled before this treatment can be applied in a clinical setting...
January 18, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305735/anglenav-mems-tracker-to-facilitate-ct-guided-puncture
#18
Rui Li, Sheng Xu, William F Pritchard, John W Karanian, Venkatesh P Krishnasamy, Bradford J Wood, Zion Tsz Ho Tse
As a low-cost needle navigation system, AngleNav may be used to improve the accuracy, speed, and ease of CT-guided needle punctures. The AngleNav hardware includes a wireless device with a microelectromechanical (MEMS) tracker that can be attached to any standard needle. The physician defines the target, desired needle path and skin entry point on a CT slice image. The accuracy of AngleNav was first tested in a 3D-printed calibration platform in a benchtop setting. An abdominal phantom study was then performed in a CT scanner to validate the accuracy of the device's angular measurement...
March 2018: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297855/animal-assisted-intervention-aai-for-children-in-either-research-practice-or-policy-from-a-one-health-perspective-editorial
#19
Federica Pirrone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276432/animal-assisted-interactions-to-alleviate-psychological-symptoms-in-patients-on-mechanical-ventilation
#20
Breanna Hetland, Tanya Bailey, Maryjo Prince-Paul
Mechanical ventilation is a common life support intervention for critically ill patients that can cause stressful psychological symptoms. Animal assisted interactions have been used in variety of inpatient settings to reduce symptom burden and promote overall well-being. Due to the severity of illness associated with critical care, use of highly technological equipment, and heightened concern for infection control and patient safety, animal-assisted interaction has not been widely adopted in the intensive care unit...
December 2017: Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing: JHPN
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