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Animal assisted intervention

Mohammad Taghi Noorbala, Mohammad Noorbala, Mohammad Hossein Dashti-Rahmatabadi, Mahdi Noorbala, Roghaye Noorbala, Behare Mozaffary
BACKGROUND: Recently, the radiation application research center for the atomic energy organization of Yazd (Iran) has developed a hydrogel dressing which was evaluated for quality and safety in 2008. Its efficacy for assisting in the wound healing process was approved for animal use, and its use has proven to be more effective than a related Syrian material. OBJECTIVES: We have already confirmed the safety and efficacy of Irgel use on mice (1, 2), so this study was conducted in order to further evaluate its effectiveness on human burn wounds, and to compare its efficacy with MaxGel, another hydrogel...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Kelvin I Afrashtehfar, Cyrus Dm Afrashtehfar
Data sourcesPubMed, Ovid, EMBASE and LILACS were searched up to December 2011. In addition, the reference lists of the selected review papers were further hand searched. Language was limited to studies published only in English.Study selectionHuman and animal randomised clinical trials (RCT), systematic reviews of RCTs, non-randomised trials, case series that reported on the clinical, radiographic, and/or histological outcomes of dental/oral implants exposed to excessive load were considered eligible for inclusion...
September 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
Liat Shani
Animal-assisted psychotherapy (AAP) inherently incorporates standpoints, interventions, and ways of action promoting the development of the reflective function and mentalization, and thus has special value for parent-child psychotherapy. Two central tools in AAP contribute to this process. The first is the ethical stance of the therapist, who sees the animals as full partners in the therapy situation, respecting them as subjects with needs, desires, and thoughts of their own. The second tool combines nonverbal communication with animals together with the relating, in the here and now, to the understanding and decoding of body language of everyone in the setting...
October 14, 2016: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Mathieu Pioche, Jérôme Rivory, Toshihiro Nishizawa, Toshio Uraoka, Sandrine Touzet, Marc O'Brien, Jean-Christophe Saurin, Thierry Ponchon, Angélique Denis, Naohisa Yahagi
Background and study aim: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is currently the reference method to achieve an en bloc resection for large lesions; however, the technique is difficult and risky, with a long learning curve. In order to reduce the morbidity, training courses that use animal models are recommended. Recently, self-learning software has been developed to assist students in their training. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of this tool on the ESD learning curve. Methods: A prospective, randomized, comparative study enrolled 39 students who were experienced in interventional endoscopy...
October 5, 2016: Endoscopy
Chunbao Liu, Xiao Zhang, Yiling Song, Yichun Wang, Fengzhen Zhang, Yingying Zhang, Yongxue Zhang, Xiaoli Lan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Early detection and evaluation of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque are important for risk stratification and timely intervention, and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM1) assists in adhesion and recruitment of inflammatory cells to vulnerable lesions. We labeled a single-chain variable fragment (scFv) of VCAM1 with (99m)technetium ((99m)Tc) and fluorescent markers to investigate its potential utility in detecting vulnerable plaques in animal models of atherosclerosis...
September 13, 2016: Atherosclerosis
Jay Thomas Sutliffe, Joel Harvey Fuhrman, Mary Jo Carnot, Raena Marie Beetham, Madison Sarah Peddy
UNLABELLED: conduct interventions for health promotion and disease prevention to ameliorate chronic risk factors for disease, such as for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Likewise, nutrient-dense, plant-rich (NDPR) dietary patterns have been shown to be effective at preventing and improving chronic-disease conditions, including CVD. Objective • The study's aim was to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of an NDPR dietary intervention for worksites to lower CVD risk factors. Design • The study was a 6-wk pilot intervention using a pretest and posttest design...
September 2016: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Shubhashree Uppangala, Fiona D'Souza, Shivanand Pudakalakatti, Hanudatta S Atreya, Keyur Raval, Guruprasad Kalthur, Satish Kumar Adiga
: Laser assisted zona hatching (LAH) is a routinely used therapeutic intervention in assisted reproductive technology for patients with poor prognosis. However, results are not conclusive in demonstrating the benefits of zona hatching in improving the pregnancy rate. Recent observations on LAH induced genetic instability in animal embryos prompted us to look into the effects of laser assisted zona hatching on the human preimplantation embryo quality and metabolic uptake using high resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) technology...
September 6, 2016: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
Christine Olsen, Ingeborg Pedersen, Astrid Bergland, Marie-José Enders-Slegers, Camilla Ihlebæk
The need for meaningful activities that enhance engagement is very important among persons with dementia (PWDs), both for PWDs still living at home, as well as for PWDs admitted to a nursing home (NH). In this study, we systematically registered behaviours related to engagement in a group animal-assisted activity (AAA) intervention for 21 PWDs in NHs and among 28 home-dwelling PWDs attending a day care centre. The participants interacted with a dog and its handler for 30 minutes, twice a week for 12 weeks...
September 2, 2016: Dementia
Deanna P Sams, David Garrison, Joanne Bartlett
PROBLEM: Child and adolescent psychiatric units serve the highest risk, most vulnerable populations in the mental health delivery system. This article describes the integration of a strength-based approach with a traditional, medical model of psychiatric care on an acute inpatient unit. A strength-based framework allows for increased focus on exploring patients' goals, strengths, relationships, skills, and family communication within the hospital setting. METHODS: The process of integration of strength-based care is described, followed by discussion of the implementation and evaluation of interventions, including mindfulness, family movie, narrative, and animal-assisted therapies...
August 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
Jason M Warram, Esther de Boer, Gooitzen M van Dam, Lindsay S Moore, Stephanie L Bevans, Erika M Walsh, Erik S Young, William R Carroll, Todd M Stevens, Eben L Rosenthal
Accurately identifying close or positive margins in real-time permits re-excision during surgical procedures. Intraoperative assessment of margins via gross examination and frozen section is a widely used tool to assist the surgeon in achieving complete resection. While this methodology permits diagnosis of freshly resected tissue, the process is fraught with misinterpretation and sampling errors. During fluorescence-guided surgery, an exogenous fluorescent agent specific for the target disease is imaged in order to navigate the surgical excision...
April 2016: Journal of Pathology. Clinical Research
Catherine J Connelly, David K Ryugo, Michael A Muniak
Studies of congenital and early-onset deafness have demonstrated that an absence of peripheral sound-evoked activity in the auditory nerve causes pathological changes in central auditory structures. The aim of this study was to establish whether progressive acquired hearing loss could lead to similar brain changes that would degrade the precision of signal transmission. We used complementary physiologic hearing tests and microscopic techniques to study the combined effect of both magnitude and duration of hearing loss on one of the first auditory synapses in the brain, the endbulb of Held (EB), along with its bushy cell (BC) target in the anteroventral cochlear nucleus...
July 26, 2016: Hearing Research
Tommy Kjærgaard Nielsen, Øyvind Østraat, Ole Graumann, Bodil Ginnerup Pedersen, Gratien Andersen, Søren Høyer, Michael Borre
The present study investigates how computed tomography perfusion scans and magnetic resonance imaging correlates with the histopathological alterations in renal tissue after cryoablation. A total of 15 pigs were subjected to laparoscopic-assisted cryoablation on both kidneys. After intervention, each animal was randomized to a postoperative follow-up period of 1, 2, or 4 weeks, after which computed tomography perfusion and magnetic resonance imaging scans were performed. Immediately after imaging, open bilateral nephrectomy was performed allowing for histopathological examination of the cryolesions...
July 11, 2016: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Rana Mainpal, Judith L Yanowitz
The molecular pathways that govern how germ line fate is acquired is an area of intense investigation that has major implications for the development of assisted reproductive technologies, infertility interventions, and treatment of germ cell cancers. Transcriptional repression has emerged as a primary mechanism to ensure suppression of somatic growth programs in primordial germ cells. In this commentary, we address how xnd-1 illuminates our understanding of transcriptional repression and how it is coordinated with the germ cell differentiation program...
April 2016: Worm
Fatemeh Saraei, Mehrangiz Sadoughi, Gholamreza Kaka, Seyed Homayoon Sadraie, Mohsen Foaddodini
BACKGROUND: Diazinon is an organophosphate that is broadly used as a pesticide to control insects and environmental pollutions. This toxic material is absorbed via inhalation, contact, or digestion and affects different tissues. OBJECTIVES: This research was a histomorphometric and immunohistochemical study of the fetal liver of mice after exposure to Diazinon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five pregnant BALB/c mice (25 - 30 gr) were divided into five equal groups in the animal lab of Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran...
April 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Bethany J Funnell, W Mark Hilton
Dystocia is an inevitable challenge in the livestock industries, particularly with primiparous female animals. Prevention and appropriate management will decrease cow and calf morbidity and mortality, which will improve the economic status of the beef or dairy operation. Early identification and proper intervention improves outcomes, and the use of selection tools to decrease the potential for dystocia will have positive returns. Assisted reproductive technologies present a unique set of challenges to the calving process that both the producer and practitioner should be prepared to address...
July 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Food Animal Practice
Raquel Pinho, Leonor C Guedes, Lilach Soreq, Patrícia P Lobo, Tiago Mestre, Miguel Coelho, Mário M Rosa, Nilza Gonçalves, Pauline Wales, Tiago Mendes, Ellen Gerhardt, Christiane Fahlbusch, Vincenzo Bonifati, Michael Bonin, Gabriel Miltenberger-Miltényi, Fran Borovecki, Hermona Soreq, Joaquim J Ferreira, Tiago F Outeiro
The prognosis of neurodegenerative disorders is clinically challenging due to the inexistence of established biomarkers for predicting disease progression. Here, we performed an exploratory cross-sectional, case-control study aimed at determining whether gene expression differences in peripheral blood may be used as a signature of Parkinson's disease (PD) progression, thereby shedding light into potential molecular mechanisms underlying disease development. We compared transcriptional profiles in the blood from 34 PD patients who developed postural instability within ten years with those of 33 patients who did not develop postural instability within this time frame...
2016: PloS One
Pascale Chavatte-Palmer, Anne Tarrade, Delphine Rousseau-Ralliard
This review article outlines epidemiologic studies that support the hypothesis that maternal environment (including early nutrition) plays a seminal role in determining the offspring's long-term health and metabolism, known as the concept of Developmental Origins of Health and Diseases (DOHaD). In this context, current concerns are particularly focused on the increased incidence of obesity and diabetes, particularly in youth and women of child-bearing age. We summarize key similarities, differences and limitations of various animal models used to study fetal programming, with a particular focus on placentation, which is critical for translating animal findings to humans...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Molly Allison, Megha Ramaswamy
Prison-based animal programs have shown promise when it comes to increased sociability, responsibility, and levels of patience for inmates who participate in these programs. Yet there remains a dearth of scientific research that demonstrates the impact of prison-based animal programs on inmates' physical and mental health. Trials of animal-assisted therapy interventions, a form of human-animal interaction therapy most often used with populations affected by depression/anxiety, mental illness, and trauma, may provide models of how prison-based animal program research can have widespread implementation in jail and prison settings, whose populations have high rates of mental health problems...
September 2016: Public Health Nursing
Dimitrios Kaparelos, Demetrios Moris, Michalis Kontos, Alexandros Papalampros, Athanasios Petrou, Christos Tsigris, Emmanouil Pikoulis, Nikolaos Kavantzas, Apostolos Papalois, Evangelos Felekouras
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the feasibility, efficacy and safety of microwave ablation and saline-linked radiofrequency (Aquamantys) in liver resection. METHODS: Sixteen domestic pigs (8 per group) underwent thermoablations. Group A consisted of 8 pigs in which microwave left lateral liver resection was performed. Group B consisted of 8 pigs which underwent left lateral liver resection by the Aquamantys system. After 28 days of close follow-up, the animals were sacrificed in order to study the macroscopic and microscopic findings of each intervention on the liver edge...
March 2016: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Geoffrey W Lane, Delilah Noronha, Alexandra Rivera, Kathy Craig, Christina Yee, Brent Mills, Eimee Villanueva
Interest in animal assisted interventions (AAI) has grown over the years, but acceptance of AAI by the clinical and research community has been hampered by safety, hygiene, and logistical concerns. Advances in the field of social robotics have provided a promising route to deliver AAI while avoiding these aforementioned obstacles. Although there has been promising initial research on social robotics in older adults, to date there has been no such research conducted with a veteran population. The present pilot study followed 23 veteran residents of a Veterans Affairs (VA) geropsychiatric long-term care facility over the span of approximately a year and a half...
August 2016: Psychological Services
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