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Animal assisted intervention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034593/one-health-proof-of-concept-bringing-a-transdisciplinary-approach-to-surveillance-for-zoonotic-viruses-at-the-human-wild-animal-interface
#1
Terra R Kelly, William B Karesh, Christine Kreuder Johnson, Kirsten V K Gilardi, Simon J Anthony, Tracey Goldstein, Sarah H Olson, Catherine Machalaba, Jonna A K Mazet
As the world continues to react and respond inefficiently to emerging infectious diseases, such as Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome and the Ebola and Zika viruses, a growing transdisciplinary community has called for a more proactive and holistic approach to prevention and preparedness - One Health. Such an approach presents important opportunities to reduce the impact of disease emergence events and also to mitigate future emergence through improved cross-sectoral coordination. In an attempt to provide proof of concept of the utility of the One Health approach, the US Agency for International Development's PREDICT project consortium designed and implemented a targeted, risk-based surveillance strategy based not on humans as sentinels of disease but on detecting viruses early, at their source, where intervention strategies can be implemented before there is opportunity for spillover and spread in people or food animals...
December 14, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009676/effectiveness-of-meaningful-occupation-interventions-for-people-living-with-dementia-in-residential-aged-care-a-systematic-review
#2
Catherine Travers, Deborah Brooks, Sonia Hines, Maria O'Reilly, Mitchell McMaster, Wei He, Margaret MacAndrew, Elaine Fielding, Lina Karlsson, Elizabeth Beattie
BACKGROUND: The ability to participate in valued activities, whether for work, leisure or family, is an important aspect of personal identity. In dementia, progressive memory loss means that abilities developed over a lifetime begin to be lost as well, contributing to the loss of self and identity. Some studies have reported that activities or interventions tailored to be meaningful to the person with dementia (defined as any activity important to the individual) are more effective in addressing behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) and improving quality of life (QoL) than those that are not so tailored...
December 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009627/ect-related-anxiety-a-systematic-review
#3
Jasmien Obbels, Esmée Verwijk, Filip Bouckaert, Pascal Sienaert
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)-treated patients experience anxiety anticipating the treatment, often to such an extent that they refuse or discontinue a much-needed treatment. Despite its great impact on treatment adherence, anxiety in patients receiving ECT is underexposed in the scientific literature. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to review the prevalence and specific subjects of ECT-related anxiety and therapeutic interventions to reduce it...
December 21, 2016: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895150/effects-of-va-facility-dog-on-hospitalized-veterans-seen-by-a-palliative-care-psychologist-an-innovative-approach-to-impacting-stress-indicators
#4
Cheryl A Krause-Parello, Cari Levy, Elizabeth Holman, John E Kolassa
The United States is home to 23 million veterans. In many instances, veterans with serious illness who seek healthcare at the VA receive care from a palliative care service. Animal-assisted intervention (AAI) is gaining attention as a therapeutic stress reducing modality; however, its effects have not been well studied in veterans receiving palliative care in an acute care setting. A crossover repeated-measures study was conducted to examine the effects of an animal-assisted intervention (AAI) in the form of a therapy dog on stress indicators in 25 veterans on the palliative care service at the VA Eastern Colorado Healthcare System in Denver, CO...
November 28, 2016: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863605/perceptions-of-a-hospital-based-animal-assisted-intervention-program-an-exploratory-study
#5
Kathleen Abrahamson, Yun Cai, Elizabeth Richards, Krista Cline, Marguerite E O'Haire
Research has shown that there are multiple benefits of animal assisted interventions for patients. However, the impact of interaction with these animals in staff is understudied, particularly in the acute care setting, and is thus a novel contribution to the literature on human-animal interaction. The purpose of this qualitative pilot study was to contribute to the body of knowledge surrounding the experiences and perceptions of hospital staff who have participated in a hospital-based animal assisted intervention program...
November 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854224/can-human-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-cardiomyocytes-advance-understanding-of-muscular-dystrophies
#6
Spandan Kalra, Federica Montanaro, Chris Denning
Muscular dystrophies (MDs) are clinically and molecularly a highly heterogeneous group of single-gene disorders that primarily affect striated muscles. Cardiac disease is present in several MDs where it is an important contributor to morbidity and mortality. Careful monitoring of cardiac issues is necessary but current management of cardiac involvement does not effectively protect from disease progression and cardiac failure. There is a critical need to gain new knowledge on the diverse molecular underpinnings of cardiac disease in MDs in order to guide cardiac treatment development and assist in reaching a clearer consensus on cardiac disease management in the clinic...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816240/systematic-early-obstetrical-assistance-at-calving-i-effects-on-dairy-calf-stillbirth-vigor-and-passive-immunity-transfer
#7
M Villettaz Robichaud, D L Pearl, S M Godden, S J LeBlanc, D B Haley
A critical time for dairy cattle is the perinatal period. Good calving management is critical to reduce periparturient losses and ensure the health of the offspring. Generally, it has been recommended that cows be allowed to calve unassisted when possible, but very few studies have been published that support or refute this general guideline. To investigate the effect of early assistance, a clinical trial enrolled 257 Holstein cows that were observed through the second stage of calving and assigned randomly to 1 of 2 calving interventions: not assisted (NA) or early assistance (EA) during the second stage of parturition...
January 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816238/systematic-early-obstetrical-assistance-at-calving-ii-effects-on-dairy-heifer-calf-growth-health-and-survival-to-weaning
#8
M Villettaz Robichaud, D L Pearl, S M Godden, J Rushen, S J LeBlanc, D B Haley
Good calving management should not only ease the transition of cows into lactation, but also contribute to providing healthy replacement animals for the herd. Difficulty during parturition has been found to be detrimental to the offspring. Because of the association of obstetrical intervention with undesirable outcomes, the general management recommendation for calving is to let cows give birth unassisted whenever possible. Unfortunately, very few studies have investigated the effects of planned early assistance during calving, regardless of whether or not another problem exists...
January 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781111/comparison-of-hydrogel-produced-by-radiation-as-applied-at-the-research-center-yazd-branch-with-maxgel-and-routine-dressing-for-second-degree-burn-repair-in-yazd-burn-hospital
#9
Mohammad Taghi Noorbala, Mohammad Noorbala, Mohammad Hossein Dashti-Rahmatabadi, Mahdi Noorbala, Roghaye Noorbala, Behare Mozaffary
BACKGROUND: Recently, the radiation application research center for the atomic energy organization of Yazd (Iran) has developed a hydrogel dressing which was evaluated for quality and safety in 2008. Its efficacy for assisting in the wound healing process was approved for animal use, and its use has proven to be more effective than a related Syrian material. OBJECTIVES: We have already confirmed the safety and efficacy of Irgel use on mice (1, 2), so this study was conducted in order to further evaluate its effectiveness on human burn wounds, and to compare its efficacy with MaxGel, another hydrogel...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767107/lack-of-association-between-overload-and-peri-implant-tissue-loss-in-healthy-conditions
#10
COMMENT
Kelvin I Afrashtehfar, Cyrus Dm Afrashtehfar
Data sourcesPubMed, Ovid, EMBASE and LILACS were searched up to December 2011. In addition, the reference lists of the selected review papers were further hand searched. Language was limited to studies published only in English.Study selectionHuman and animal randomised clinical trials (RCT), systematic reviews of RCTs, non-randomised trials, case series that reported on the clinical, radiographic, and/or histological outcomes of dental/oral implants exposed to excessive load were considered eligible for inclusion...
2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742757/animal-assisted-dyadic-therapy-a-therapy-model-promoting-development-of-the-reflective-function-in-the-parent-child-bond
#11
Liat Shani
Animal-assisted psychotherapy (AAP) inherently incorporates standpoints, interventions, and ways of action promoting the development of the reflective function and mentalization, and thus has special value for parent-child psychotherapy. Two central tools in AAP contribute to this process. The first is the ethical stance of the therapist, who sees the animals as full partners in the therapy situation, respecting them as subjects with needs, desires, and thoughts of their own. The second tool combines nonverbal communication with animals together with the relating, in the here and now, to the understanding and decoding of body language of everyone in the setting...
January 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706526/randomized-comparative-evaluation-of-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-self-learning-software-in-france-and-japan
#12
Mathieu Pioche, Jérôme Rivory, Toshihiro Nishizawa, Toshio Uraoka, Sandrine Touzet, Marc O'Brien, Jean-Christophe Saurin, Thierry Ponchon, Angélique Denis, Naohisa Yahagi
Background and study aim: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is currently the reference method to achieve an en bloc resection for large lesions; however, the technique is difficult and risky, with a long learning curve. In order to reduce the morbidity, training courses that use animal models are recommended. Recently, self-learning software has been developed to assist students in their training. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of this tool on the ESD learning curve. Methods: A prospective, randomized, comparative study enrolled 39 students who were experienced in interventional endoscopy...
December 2016: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680307/spect-and-fluorescence-imaging-of-vulnerable-atherosclerotic-plaque-with-a-vascular-cell-adhesion-molecule-1-single-chain-antibody-fragment
#13
Chunbao Liu, Xiao Zhang, Yiling Song, Yichun Wang, Fengzhen Zhang, Yingying Zhang, Yongxue Zhang, Xiaoli Lan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Early detection and evaluation of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque are important for risk stratification and timely intervention, and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM1) assists in adhesion and recruitment of inflammatory cells to vulnerable lesions. We labeled a single-chain variable fragment (scFv) of VCAM1 with (99m)technetium ((99m)Tc) and fluorescent markers to investigate its potential utility in detecting vulnerable plaques in animal models of atherosclerosis...
September 13, 2016: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622958/nutrient-dense-plant-rich-dietary-intervention-effective-at-reducing-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-for-worksites-a-pilot-study
#14
Jay Thomas Sutliffe, Joel Harvey Fuhrman, Mary Jo Carnot, Raena Marie Beetham, Madison Sarah Peddy
UNLABELLED: conduct interventions for health promotion and disease prevention to ameliorate chronic risk factors for disease, such as for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Likewise, nutrient-dense, plant-rich (NDPR) dietary patterns have been shown to be effective at preventing and improving chronic-disease conditions, including CVD. Objective • The study's aim was to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of an NDPR dietary intervention for worksites to lower CVD risk factors. Design • The study was a 6-wk pilot intervention using a pretest and posttest design...
September 2016: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598006/laser-assisted-zona-hatching-does-not-lead-to-immediate-impairment-in-human-embryo-quality-and-metabolism
#15
Shubhashree Uppangala, Fiona D'Souza, Shivanand Pudakalakatti, Hanudatta S Atreya, Keyur Raval, Guruprasad Kalthur, Satish Kumar Adiga
: Laser assisted zona hatching (LAH) is a routinely used therapeutic intervention in assisted reproductive technology for patients with poor prognosis. However, results are not conclusive in demonstrating the benefits of zona hatching in improving the pregnancy rate. Recent observations on LAH induced genetic instability in animal embryos prompted us to look into the effects of laser assisted zona hatching on the human preimplantation embryo quality and metabolic uptake using high resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) technology...
December 2016: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590332/engagement-in-elderly-persons-with-dementia-attending-animal-assisted-group-activity
#16
Christine Olsen, Ingeborg Pedersen, Astrid Bergland, Marie-José Enders-Slegers, Camilla Ihlebæk
The need for meaningful activities that enhance engagement is very important among persons with dementia (PWDs), both for PWDs still living at home, as well as for PWDs admitted to a nursing home (NH). In this study, we systematically registered behaviours related to engagement in a group animal-assisted activity (AAA) intervention for 21 PWDs in NHs and among 28 home-dwelling PWDs attending a day care centre. The participants interacted with a dog and its handler for 30 minutes, twice a week for 12 weeks...
September 2, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555554/innovative-strength-based-care-in-child-and-adolescent-inpatient-psychiatry
#17
Deanna P Sams, David Garrison, Joanne Bartlett
PROBLEM: Child and adolescent psychiatric units serve the highest risk, most vulnerable populations in the mental health delivery system. This article describes the integration of a strength-based approach with a traditional, medical model of psychiatric care on an acute inpatient unit. A strength-based framework allows for increased focus on exploring patients' goals, strengths, relationships, skills, and family communication within the hospital setting. METHODS: The process of integration of strength-based care is described, followed by discussion of the implementation and evaluation of interventions, including mindfulness, family movie, narrative, and animal-assisted therapies...
August 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499920/fluorescence-imaging-to-localize-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-for-enhanced-pathological-assessment
#18
Jason M Warram, Esther de Boer, Gooitzen M van Dam, Lindsay S Moore, Stephanie L Bevans, Erika M Walsh, Erik S Young, William R Carroll, Todd M Stevens, Eben L Rosenthal
Accurately identifying close or positive margins in real-time permits re-excision during surgical procedures. Intraoperative assessment of margins via gross examination and frozen section is a widely used tool to assist the surgeon in achieving complete resection. While this methodology permits diagnosis of freshly resected tissue, the process is fraught with misinterpretation and sampling errors. During fluorescence-guided surgery, an exogenous fluorescent agent specific for the target disease is imaged in order to navigate the surgical excision...
April 2016: Journal of Pathology. Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473502/the-effect-of-progressive-hearing-loss-on-the-morphology-of-endbulbs-of-held-and-bushy-cells
#19
Catherine J Connelly, David K Ryugo, Michael A Muniak
Studies of congenital and early-onset deafness have demonstrated that an absence of peripheral sound-evoked activity in the auditory nerve causes pathological changes in central auditory structures. The aim of this study was to establish whether progressive acquired hearing loss could lead to similar brain changes that would degrade the precision of signal transmission. We used complementary physiologic hearing tests and microscopic techniques to study the combined effect of both magnitude and duration of hearing loss on one of the first auditory synapses in the brain, the endbulb of Held (EB), along with its bushy cell (BC) target in the anteroventral cochlear nucleus...
July 26, 2016: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27402631/computed-tomography-perfusion-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-histopathological-findings-after-laparoscopic-renal-cryoablation-an-in-vivo-pig-model
#20
Tommy Kjærgaard Nielsen, Øyvind Østraat, Ole Graumann, Bodil Ginnerup Pedersen, Gratien Andersen, Søren Høyer, Michael Borre
The present study investigates how computed tomography perfusion scans and magnetic resonance imaging correlates with the histopathological alterations in renal tissue after cryoablation. A total of 15 pigs were subjected to laparoscopic-assisted cryoablation on both kidneys. After intervention, each animal was randomized to a postoperative follow-up period of 1, 2, or 4 weeks, after which computed tomography perfusion and magnetic resonance imaging scans were performed. Immediately after imaging, open bilateral nephrectomy was performed allowing for histopathological examination of the cryolesions...
July 11, 2016: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
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