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Animal assisted intervention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912031/canine-outreach-promoting-engagement-the-effect-of-meaningful-activities-on-students-attitudes-toward-cognitively-impaired-older-adults
#1
B Morgan Yordy, W Stuart Pope, Chih-Hsuan Wang
Animal-assisted activities (AAAs) show promise in providing emotional and social benefits to older adults and may be used as a tool to promote therapeutic communication between students and cognitively impaired older adults. The purpose was to develop a program incorporating AAAs to enhance social engagement of cognitively impaired older adults in a community respite program and in turn enhance student comfort when caring for this vulnerable population. The Dementia Attitudes Scale, a validated tool, was used to measure students' attitudes before and after AAA intervention...
June 14, 2018: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905844/robotic-assisted-mri-guided-interventional-interstitial-mr-guided-focused-ultrasound-ablation-in-a-swine-model
#2
Jacquelyn MacDonell, Niravkumar Patel, Gregory Fischer, E Clif Burdette, Jiang Qian, Vaibhav Chumbalkar, Goutam Ghoshal, Tamas Heffter, Emery Williams, Matthew Gounis, Robert King, Juliette Thibodeau, Gene Bogdanov, Olivia W Brooks, Erin Langan, Roy Hwang, Julie G Pilitsis
BACKGROUND: Ablative lesions are current treatments for epilepsy and brain tumors. Interstitial magnetic resonance (MR) guided focused ultrasound (iMRgFUS) may be an alternate ablation technique which limits thermal tissue charring as compared to laser therapy (LITT) and can produce larger ablation patterns nearer the surface than transcranial MR guided focused ultrasound (tcMRgFUS). OBJECTIVE: To describe our experience with interstitial focused ultrasound (iFUS) ablations in swine, using MR-guided robotically assisted (MRgRA) delivery...
June 14, 2018: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863016/validation-of-a-novel-animal-model-for-sciatic-nerve-repair-with-an-adipose-derived-stem-cell-loaded-fibrin-conduit
#3
Maximilian M Saller, Rosa-Eva Huettl, Julius M Mayer, Annette Feuchtinger, Christian Krug, Thomas Holzbach, Elias Volkmer
Despite the regenerative capabilities of peripheral nerves, severe injuries or neuronal trauma of critical size impose immense hurdles for proper restoration of neuro-muscular circuitry. Autologous nerve grafts improve re-establishment of connectivity, but also comprise substantial donor site morbidity. We developed a rat model which allows the testing of different cell applications, i.e., mesenchymal stem cells, to improve nerve regeneration in vivo. To mimic inaccurate alignment of autologous nerve grafts with the injured nerve, a 20 mm portion of the sciatic nerve was excised, and sutured back in place in reversed direction...
May 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29798693/views-and-experiences-of-care-home-staff-on-managing-behaviours-that-challenge-in-dementia-a-national-survey-in-england
#4
Charlotte Mallon, Janet Krska, Shivaun Gammie
AIM: To determine the views of care home (CH) staff in relation to experiencing and managing behaviour that challenges (BtC) in dementia and their experiences of training. METHOD: Cross-sectional survey using a self-report questionnaire, distributed to staff employed in a 20% sample of all registered dementia-specialist CHs in England, either by postal or direct distribution. RESULTS: Questionnaires were returned from 352 care staff (25%), representing 5% of all dementia-specialist CHs, half were CH without nursing...
May 25, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764282/animal-assisted-therapy-in-elderly-patients-evidence-and-controversies-in-dementia-and-psychiatric-disorders-and-future-perspectives-in-other-neurological-diseases
#5
Silvio Peluso, Anna De Rosa, Natascia De Lucia, Antonella Antenora, Maddalena Illario, Marcello Esposito, Giuseppe De Michele
Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) includes a set of nonpharmacological interventions aimed at improving human health through the use of trained or untrained animals. In recent decades, AAT has been trialed for different neurological and psychiatric disorders. In patients with dementia, interaction with animals seems to have a positive influence on aggressiveness and anxiety and to ameliorate quality of life and relationship skills. In psychiatric patients, AAT seems to increase motivation and self-esteem, improve prosocial conduct, and decrease behavioral problems...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734208/improved-lung-recruitment-and-oxygenation-during-mandatory-ventilation-with-a-new-expiratory-ventilation-assistance-device-a-controlled-interventional-trial-in-healthy-pigs
#6
Johannes Schmidt, Christin Wenzel, Marlene Mahn, Sashko Spassov, Heidi Cristina Schmitz, Silke Borgmann, Ziwei Lin, Jörg Haberstroh, Stephan Meckel, Sebastian Eiden, Steffen Wirth, Hartmut Buerkle, Stefan Schumann
BACKGROUND: In contrast to conventional mandatory ventilation, a new ventilation mode, expiratory ventilation assistance (EVA), linearises the expiratory tracheal pressure decline. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesised that due to a recruiting effect, linearised expiration oxygenates better than volume controlled ventilation (VCV). We compared the EVA with VCV mode with regard to gas exchange, ventilation volumes and pressures and lung aeration in a model of peri-operative mandatory ventilation in healthy pigs...
May 4, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721100/establishing-sheep-as-an-experimental-species-to-validate-ultrasound-mediated-blood-brain-barrier-opening-for-potential-therapeutic-interventions
#7
Matthew Pelekanos, Gerhard Leinenga, Mostafa Odabaee, Maryam Odabaee, Siamak Saifzadeh, Roland Steck, Jürgen Götz
Rationale: Treating diseases of the brain such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) is challenging as the blood-brain barrier (BBB) effectively restricts access of a large number of potentially useful drugs. A potential solution to this problem is presented by therapeutic ultrasound, a novel treatment modality that can achieve transient BBB opening in species including rodents, facilitated by biologically inert microbubbles that are routinely used in a clinical setting for contrast enhancement. However, in translating rodent studies to the human brain, the presence of a thick cancellous skull that both absorbs and distorts ultrasound presents a challenge...
2018: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703229/impact-of-an-integrated-control-campaign-on-tsetse-populations-in-burkina-faso
#8
Lassané Percoma, Adama Sow, Soumaïla Pagabeleguem, Ahmadou H Dicko, Oumarou Serdebéogo, Mariam Ouédraogo, Jean-Baptiste Rayaissé, Jérémy Bouyer, Adrien M G Belem, Issa Sidibé
BACKGROUND: Tsetse flies are the sole vectors of human and animal trypanosomosis. In Burkina Faso, a project aiming to create zones free of tsetse flies and trypanosomosis was executed from June 2006 to December 2013. After the determination of tsetse distribution in the intervention area from December 2007 to November 2008, the control campaign was launched in November 2009 and ended in December 2013. The goal was to eliminate tsetse flies from 40,000 km2 of area, through an integrated control campaign including insecticide targets, traps and cattle, sequential aerial treatment (SAT) and the mass treatment of livestock using trypanocides...
April 27, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699406/nature-based-interventions-in-institutional-and-organisational-settings-a-scoping-review
#9
Chris Moeller, Nigel King, Viv Burr, Graham R Gibbs, Tim Gomersall
The objective of this review was to scope the literature on nature-based interventions that could be conducted in institutional settings where people reside full-time for care or rehabilitation purposes. Systematic searches were conducted across CINAHL, Medline, Criminal Justice Abstracts, PsycINFO, Scopus, Social Care Online and Cochrane CENTRAL. A total of 85 studies (reported in 86 articles) were included. Four intervention modalities were identified: Gardening/therapeutic horticulture; animal-assisted therapies; care farming and virtual reality-based simulations of natural environments...
April 26, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668896/critical-review-of-research-methods-used-to-consider-the-impact-of-human-animal-interaction-on-older-adults-health
#10
Erika Friedmann, Nancy R Gee
Background and Objectives: Most research on human-animal interaction (HAI) and human health focuses on one of three perspectives: (a) health effects of pet ownership; (b) health effects of contact with a companion animal; or (c) health effects of animal-assisted interventions including animal-assisted therapies, and animal-assisted activities. Methods: We reviewed research methods used to address each perspective, within the context of human aging, and identified challenges associated with these methods...
April 12, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645400/evaluation-of-a-new-chest-physiotherapy-technique-in-dogs-with-airway-fluid-accumulation-hospitalized-in-an-intensive-care-unit
#11
Céline Pouzot-Nevoret, Isabelle Goy-Thollot, Didier Billet, Anthony Barthélemy, Maïlys Blesch, Aurélie Pin, Kate Hopper
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility, benefits, and adverse effects of prolonged slow expiration (PSE) and assisted cough (AC) as chest physiotherapy (CP) techniques in dogs with airway fluid accumulation. DESIGN: Prospective interventional study. SETTINGS: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Intervention group of 30 client-owned dogs and retrospective control group of 71 client-owned dogs. INTERVENTIONS: PSE was performed on dogs with evidence of airway fluid accumulation, identified based on physical examination and thoracic radiographs...
May 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617398/impact-of-an-animal-assisted-therapy-programme-on-physiological-and-psychosocial-variables-of-paediatric-oncology-patients
#12
Nathiana B Silva, Flávia L Osório
The objective of this study was to propose an intervention and safety protocol for performing animal-assisted therapy (AAT) and evaluating its efficacy in children under outpatient oncological treatment based on psychological, physiological, and quality of life indicators for the children and caregivers. The sample consisted of 24 children diagnosed with leukaemia and solid tumours (58% girls with a mean age of 8.0 years) who underwent an AAT programme consisting of three 30-min sessions in an open group. Two dogs (one Labrador retriever and one golden retriever) were used, and activities such as sensory stimulation, gait training, and socialization were conducted...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570754/computational-fluid-dynamics-of-vascular-disease-in-animal-models
#13
Andrea Acuna, Alycia Berman, Frederick Damen, Brett Myers, Amelia Adelsperger, Kelsey Bayer, Melissa Brindise, Brittani L Bungart, Alexander M Kiel, Rachel Morrison, Joseph Muskat, Kelsey Wasilczuk, Yi Wen, Jiacheng Zhang, Patrick Zito, Craig Goergen
Recent applications of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) applied to the cardiovascular system have demonstrated its power in investigating the impact of hemodynamics on disease initiation, progression, and treatment outcomes. Flow metrics such as pressure distributions, wall shear stresses, and blood velocity profiles can be quantified to provide insight into observed pathologies, assist with surgical planning, or even predict disease progression. While numerous studies have performed simulations on clinical human patient data, it often lacks pre-diagnosis information and can be subject to large inter-subject variability, limiting the generalizability of findings...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566561/a-multimodality-imaging-compatible-insertion-robot-with-a-respiratory-motion-calibration-module-designed-for-ablation-of-liver-tumors-a-preclinical-study
#14
Dongrui Li, Zhigang Cheng, Gang Chen, Fangyi Liu, Wenbo Wu, Jie Yu, Ying Gu, Fengyong Liu, Chao Ren, Ping Liang
PURPOSE: To test the accuracy and efficacy of the multimodality imaging-compatible insertion robot with a respiratory motion calibration module designed for ablation of liver tumors in phantom and animal models. To evaluate and compare the influences of intervention experience on robot-assisted and ultrasound-controlled ablation procedures. METHODS: Accuracy tests on rigid body/phantom model with a respiratory movement simulation device and microwave ablation tests on porcine liver tumor/rabbit liver cancer were performed with the robot we designed or with the traditional ultrasound-guidance by physicians with or without intervention experience...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563027/effect-of-a-robotic-seal-on-the-motor-activity-and-sleep-patterns-of-older-people-with-dementia-as-measured-by-wearable-technology-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Wendy Moyle, Cindy Jones, Jenny Murfield, Lukman Thalib, Elizabeth Beattie, David Shum, Siobhan O'Dwyer, M Cindy Mervin, Brian Draper
OBJECTIVES: The robotic seal, PARO, has been used as an alternative to animal-assisted therapies with residents with dementia in long-term care, yet understanding of its efficacy is limited by a paucity of research. We explored the effects of PARO on motor activity and sleep patterns, as measured by a wearable triaxial accelerometer. STUDY DESIGN: Cluster-randomised controlled trial, involving 28 facilities in Queensland, Australia. Nine facilities were randomised to the PARO group (individual, non-facilitated, 15-min sessions three afternoons per week for 10 weeks), 10 to a plush toy (PARO with robotic features disabled) and nine to usual care...
April 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533149/examining-the-effects-of-a-service-trained-facility-dog-on-stress-in-children-undergoing-forensic-interview-for-allegations-of-child-sexual-abuse
#16
Cheryl A Krause-Parello, Michele Thames, Colleen M Ray, John Kolassa
Disclosure of child sexual abuse can be a stressful experience for the child. Gaining a better understanding of how best to serve the child, while preserving the quality of their disclosure, is an ever-evolving process. The data to answer this question come from 51 children aged 4-16 (M = 9.1, SD = 3.5), who were referred to a child advocacy center in Virginia for a forensic interview (FI) following allegations of sexual abuse. A repeated measures design was conducted to examine how the presence of a service-trained facility dog (e...
April 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514488/palliative-care-matters-lessons-from-the-loss-of-a-facility-dog
#17
Elizabeth Holman, Cari Levy, Brenda Kennedy
Animal-assisted intervention is gaining attention as a stress reduction modality. Quantitative data demonstrate its effectiveness, as a recent study published in AJHPM supported that a Veterans Affairs (VA) hospital facility dog paired with a palliative care psychologist had a measurable impact on salivary cortisol levels and heart rate in hospitalized veterans. There remains an important role for qualitative insights. The Denver VA palliative care team learned a range of lessons from the sudden loss of their facility dog, many of which relate directly to palliative care...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495516/effects-of-a-carob-pod-derived-sweetener-on-glucose-metabolism
#18
Carmen Lambert, Judit Cubedo, Teresa Padró, Gemma Vilahur, Sergi López-Bernal, Milagros Rocha, Antonio Hernández-Mijares, Lina Badimon
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have a higher incidence of cardiovascular (CV) events. The ingestion of high-glycemic index (GI) diets, specially sweetened beverage consumption, has been associated with the development of T2DM and CV disease. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effects of the intake of a sweetened beverage, obtained from natural carbohydrates containing pinitol (PEB) compared to a sucrose-enriched beverage (SEB) in the context of impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and diabetes...
February 27, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478206/effect-of-ambient-management-interventions-on-the-production-and-physiological-performance-of-lactating-sahiwal-cattle-during-hot-dry-summer
#19
Mehtab Ahmad, Jalees Ahmed Bhatti, Muhammad Abdullah, Khalid Javed, Mehboob Ali, Ghazanfar Rashid, Rafi Uddin, Ali Hassan Badini, Mudassar Jehan
During summer season, increase in the environmental temperature in the subtropical regions of Pakistan is negatively affecting the performance of dairy animals. The study objective was to determine the effect of ambient management (90 days) on productive and physiological performance of lactating Sahiwal cows during hot dry summer season. Fifteen lactating cows during the early lactation stage, having similar parity (3), daily milk production (6.2 l), were randomly allocated to three treatments, 5 cows each, i...
February 24, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471844/spatiotemporal-patterns-and-environmental-drivers-of-human-echinococcoses-over-a-twenty-year-period-in-ningxia-hui-autonomous-region-china
#20
Angela M Cadavid Restrepo, Yu Rong Yang, Donald P McManus, Darren J Gray, Tamsin S Barnes, Gail M Williams, Ricardo J Soares Magalhães, Nicholas A S Hamm, Archie C A Clements
BACKGROUND: Human cystic (CE) and alveolar (AE) echinococcoses are zoonotic parasitic diseases that can be influenced by environmental variability and change through effects on the parasites, animal intermediate and definitive hosts, and human populations. We aimed to assess and quantify the spatiotemporal patterns of human echinococcoses in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR), China between January 1994 and December 2013, and examine associations between these infections and indicators of environmental variability and change, including large-scale landscape regeneration undertaken by the Chinese authorities...
February 22, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
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