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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721840/ogataea-haglerorum-sp-nov-a-novel-member-of-the-species-complex-ogataea-hansenula-polymorpha
#1
Gennadi I Naumov, Elena S Naumova, Ching-Fu Lee
Three strains representing a novel species of the Ogataea clade were isolated by W. T. Starmer and H. J. Phaff from rotting tissue of Opuntia phaeacantha in Arizona, USA. Analyses of the sequences of the D1/D2 LSU rRNA gene, ITS1-5.8S-ITS2, and translation elongation factor-1α (EF-1 α) showed that this novel species belongs to the Ogataea polymorpha complex formed by Ogataea angusta, Ogataea parapolymorpha and Ogataea polymorpha. The novel species differs from these species by 4-5 nucleotide substitutions in the D1/D2 domain, by 28-29 nucleotide substitutions in the EF-α gene and by 18-24 nucleotide substitutions and 2-5 indels in the ITS-5...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721594/exome-analysis-in-an-estonian-multiplex-family-with-neural-tube-defects-a-case-report
#2
Liina Pappa, Mart Kals, Paula Ann Kivistik, Andres Metspalu, Ann Paal, Tiit Nikopensius
INTRODUCTION: Neural tube defects (NTDs) are a group of common and severe congenital birth defects that occur during early embryonic development due to incomplete closure of the neural tube. The genetic architecture of human NTDs, including spina bifida and hydrocephalus, is highly heterogeneous, with multiple genes/loci and both gene-gene and gene-environment interactions involved. Hence, the variation in outcomes also most likely relates to a combination of the severity of different variants in multiple genes and genetic modifiers affecting the biochemical traits...
July 18, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720979/first-report-of-phyllosticta-citricarpa-and-description-of-two-new-species-p-%C3%A2-paracapitalensis-and-p-%C3%A2-paracitricarpa-from-citrus-in-europe
#3
V Guarnaccia, J Z Groenewald, H Li, C Glienke, E Carstens, V Hattingh, P H Fourie, P W Crous
The genus Phyllosticta occurs worldwide, and contains numerous plant pathogenic, endophytic and saprobic species. Phyllosticta citricarpa is the causal agent of Citrus Black Spot disease (CBS), affecting fruits and leaves of several citrus hosts (Rutaceae), and can also be isolated from asymptomatic citrus tissues. Citrus Black Spot occurs in citrus-growing regions with warm summer rainfall climates, but is absent in countries of the European Union (EU). Phyllosticta capitalensis is morphologically similar to P...
June 2017: Studies in Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720955/crystallinity-properties-and-crystallization-behavior-of-chocolate-fat-blends
#4
Thais Lomonaco Teodoro da Silva, Renato Grimaldi, Guilherme Andrade Calligaris, Lisandro Pavie Cardoso, Lireny Aparecida Guaraldo Gonçalves
Cocoa butter (CB) provides unique crystallization characteristics to chocolates and confectionary products; hence, it is an important value-add product. However, other alternative fats that minimally affect the crystallization behaviour of chocolates and confectionary products are now being increasingly used. This study analyzed the crystallization behaviour of CB, cocoa butter substitutes (CBSs), and their blends. Blends were prepared using CBS concentrations: 5, 10, 15, 20 and 37.5%. CB, CBS, and their blends were evaluated by following analysis: solid fat content, isothermal analysis, polarized light microscopic, thermal behaviour, X-ray diffraction and consistency...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720222/molecular-insight-into-protein-binding-orientations-and-interaction-modes-on-hydrophobic-charge-induction-resin
#5
Hong-Fei Tong, Carlo Cavallotti, Shan-Jing Yao, Dong-Qiang Lin
Hydrophobic charge-induction chromatography (HCIC) with 4-mercaptoethyl-pyridine (MEP) as the functional ligand has been developed as a new technology for antibody purification. In the present work, molecular simulation methods were developed to investigate the interactions between the Fc fragment of IgG and a MEP ligand net. The MM/PBSA method was used to evaluate the binding energy for the MEP ligand net at different densities. It was found that ligand density had significant influence on the binding of Fc...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716596/quality-comparison-of-umbilical-cord-blood-cryopreserved-with-conventional-versus-automated-systems
#6
Kyeong Mi Kim, Ji Young Huh, Jin Ju Kim, Myung Seo Kang
Umbilical cord blood (CB) banks usually freeze and store CB for clinical transplantation using conventional controlled-rate freezer or the automated BioArchive system. The aim of this study is to compare the quality of CB cryopreserved with conventional and automated methods and to make clear the cause of the quality difference between the two methods. The experiment used 80 CB units: 40 were conventionally cryopreserved and the remainder were cryopreserved with a BioArchive. After thawing, the following measures of CB quality were compared: recovery rates of cell count, cell viability of total nucleated cells (TNCs), mononuclear cells (MNCs), and CD34+ cells, as well as colony-forming unit-granulocyte/macrophage (CFU-GM) content...
July 14, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715888/h-%C3%AF-landscape-of-the-phenylacetylene-hcl-system-does-this-provide-the-gateway-to-the-markovnikov-addition
#7
Ginny Karir, Kodumudi S Viswanathan
Non covalently bonded complexes of phenylacetylene-HCl were studied using matrix isolation infrared spectroscopy and ab-initio calculations. Phenylacetylene (PhAc) is an interesting hydrogen bond precursor as it has multiple sites for weak interactions and it was therefore considered worthwhile to study PhAc-HCl landscape. The interactions in PhAc-HCl were identified using the shifts in the infrared frequencies of the precursor molecules, as a result of complex formation. Our experiments unambiguously revealed spectral signatures of two types of H-π complexes, in both of which HCl was the proton donor...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715206/high-throughput-screening-and-quantitation-of-target-compounds-in-biofluids-by-coated-blade-spray-mass-spectrometry
#8
Marcos Tascon, German Augusto Gómez-Ríos, Nathaly Reyes-Garcés, Justen J Poole, Ezel Boyaci, Janusz Pawliszyn
Most contemporary methods of screening and quantitating controlled substances and therapeutic drugs in biofluids typically require laborious, time-consuming, and expensive analytical workflows. In recent years, our group has worked towards developing microextraction (µe)-mass spectrometry (MS) technologies that merge all of the tedious steps of the classical methods into a simple, efficient, and low-cost methodology. Unquestionably, the automation of these technologies allows for faster sample throughput, greater reproducibility, and radically reduced analysis times...
July 17, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713383/the-toxicological-mechanisms-of-environmental-soot-black-carbon-and-carbon-black-focus-on-oxidative-stress-and-inflammatory-pathways
#9
REVIEW
Rituraj Niranjan, Ashwani Kumar Thakur
The environmental soot and carbon blacks (CBs) cause many diseases in humans, but their underlying mechanisms of toxicity are still poorly understood. Both are formed after the incomplete combustion of hydrocarbons but differ in their constituents and percent carbon contents. For the first time, "Sir Percival Pott" described soot as a carcinogen, which was subsequently confirmed by many others. The existing data suggest three main types of diseases due to soot and CB exposures: cancer, respiratory diseases, and cardiovascular dysfunctions...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713283/excitatory-modulation-of-the-preb%C3%A3-tzinger-complex-inspiratory-rhythm-generating-network-by-endogenous-hydrogen-sulfide
#10
Glauber S F da Silva, João P J Sabino, Vishaal Rajani, Tucaauê S Alvares, Silvia Pagliardini, Luiz G S Branco, Gregory D Funk
Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) is one of three gasotransmitters that modulate excitability in the CNS. Global application of H2S donors or inhibitors of H2S synthesis to the respiratory network has suggested that inspiratory rhythm is modulated by exogenous and endogenous H2S. However, effects have been variable, which may reflect that the RTN/pFRG (retrotrapezoid nucleus, parafacial respiratory group) and the preBötzinger Complex (preBötC, critical for inspiratory rhythm generation) are differentially modulated by exogenous H2S...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712070/flow-diverter-in-radiation-induced-skull-base-carotid-blowout-syndrome-do-not-write-it-off
#11
Gopinathan Anil, Junwei Zhang, Yew Kwang Ong, Francis Hui
Post-radiotherapy carotid blowout syndrome (CBS) of the skull base is a rare but often catastrophic complication of head and neck malignancies. The existing literature on the treatment of this condition with flow-diverting devices (FDD) is extremely limited and disappointing. We present a case of impending CBS in a patient previously irradiated for nasopharyngeal cancer that was successfully treated with use of multiple FDDs, adjunctive endonasal packing and delayed reinforcement with pedicled naso-septal flap, yielding an excellent outcome at 14-months follow-up...
July 16, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710931/ligustrazine-modulates-renal-cysteine-biosynthesis-in-rats-exposed-to-cadmium
#12
Wenhua Kuang, Xu Zhang, Wufu Zhu, Zhou Lan
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of ligustrazine (TMP) on cadmium (Cd)-induced nephrotoxicity and its relevant mechanism. TMP (50mg/kg) was injected intraperitoneally (i.p.) into rats 1h prior to CdCl2 exposure (at a Cd dose of 0.6mg/kg). TMP reversed Cd-induced nephrotoxicity, evidenced by the relatively normal architecture of the renal cortex. Additionally, TMP alleviated renal oxidative stress of rats that were exposed to Cd, evidenced by the decreased levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE), elevated levels of glutathione (GSH) and GSH/GSSG (glutathione disulfide) ratios...
July 9, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710571/thermodynamic-dft-analysis-of-natural-gas
#13
Abel F G Neto, Muhammad N Huda, Francisco C Marques, Rosivaldo S Borges, Antonio M J C Neto
Density functional theory was performed for thermodynamic predictions on natural gas, whose B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p), B3LYP/6-31+G(d), CBS-QB3, G3, and G4 methods were applied. Additionally, we carried out thermodynamic predictions using G3/G4 averaged. The calculations were performed for each major component of seven kinds of natural gas and to their respective air + natural gas mixtures at a thermal equilibrium between room temperature and the initial temperature of a combustion chamber during the injection stage...
August 2017: Journal of Molecular Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705394/melanization-and-ageing-are-not-drawbacks-for-successful-agro-transformation-of-dark-septate-endophytes
#14
Charlotte Berthelot, Yoann Perrin, Corinne Leyval, Damien Blaudez
Dark septate endophytes (DSEs) are melanin-enriched ascomycetous fungi that are abundant in stressed environments. However, little is known about their physiology and metabolism, and DSE genes have not been functionally characterized yet. Therefore developing molecular genetic tools to investigate the biological function of genes of interest in DSEs is of major significance. We investigated Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation (ATMT) efficiency in eight DSE strains belonging to Cadophora sp., Cadophora malorum, Leptodontidium sp...
August 2017: Fungal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704998/polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbon-growth-by-diradical-cycloaddition-fragmentation
#15
Andrea Comandini, Said Abid, Nabiha Chaumeix
The recent theoretical and experimental investigations on the growth of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in pyrolytic environments highlight the possible role of the 1,4-cycloaddition/fragmentation (1,4-CAF) steps in the formation of PAH intermediates and consequently soot. The present theoretical study explores the possibility to generalize such mechanism to reactions involving various diradical compounds and stable multi-ring structures. The calculations were performed using the uB3LYP/6-311G(d,p) method and different composite methods, when possible, for more accurate energy estimates...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694240/feasibility-of-establishing-hiv-case-based-surveillance-to-measure-progress-along-the-health-sector-cascade-situational-assessments-in-tanzania-south-africa-and-kenya
#16
Richelle Harklerode, Sandra Schwarcz, James Hargreaves, Andrew Boulle, Jim Todd, Serge Xueref, Brian Rice
BACKGROUND: To track the HIV epidemic and responses to it, the World Health Organization recommends 10 global indicators to collect information along the HIV care cascade. Patient diagnosis and medical record data, harnessed through case-based surveillance (CBS), can be used to measure 8 of these. While many high burden countries have well-established systems for monitoring patients on HIV treatment, few have formally adopted CBS. OBJECTIVE: In response to the need for improved strategic HIV information and to facilitate the development of CBS in resource-limited countries, we aimed to conduct situational assessments of existing data collection systems in Tanzania, South Africa, and Kenya...
July 10, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691815/facile-formation-of-acetic-sulfuric-anhydride-microwave-spectrum-internal-rotation-and-theoretical-calculations
#17
Anna K Huff, Rebecca B Mackenzie, C J Smith, Kenneth R Leopold
Acetic sulfuric anhydride, CH3COOSO2OH, was produced by the reaction of SO3 and CH3COOH in a supersonic jet. Four isotopologues were observed by microwave spectroscopy. Spectra of both A and E internal rotor states were observed and analyzed, yielding a value of 241.093(30) cm(-1) for the methyl group internal rotation barrier of the parent species. Similar values were obtained for the other isotopologues studied. M06-2X/6-311++G(3df,3pd) calculations indicate that the formation of the anhydride proceeds via a π2 + π2 + σ2 cycloaddition reaction within the CH3COOH-SO3 complex...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689885/reduction-of-hydrogen-sulfide-synthesis-enzymes-cystathionine-%C3%AE-synthase-and-cystathionine-%C3%AE-lyase-in-the-colon-of-patients-with-hirschsprungs-s-disease
#18
Christian Tomuschat, Anne Marie O'Donnell, David Coyle, Prem Puri
PURPOSE: Hirschsprung's associated enterocolitis (HAEC) is the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in Hirschsprung's Disease (HSCR). The pathogenesis of HAEC is poorly understood. In recent years, there is increasing evidence that a compromised intestinal barrier function plays a major role in the pathogenesis of HAEC. Hydrogen sulfide, synthesized from L-cysteine by two key enzymes, cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS) and cystathionine-γ-lysase (CSE) is reported to play a key role in regulating gastrointestinal motility and promoting resolution of inflammation...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686594/cannabinoids-disrupt-memory-encoding-by-functionally-isolating-hippocampal-ca1-from-ca3
#19
Roman A Sandler, Dustin Fetterhoff, Robert E Hampson, Sam A Deadwyler, Vasilis Z Marmarelis
Much of the research on cannabinoids (CBs) has focused on their effects at the molecular and synaptic level. However, the effects of CBs on the dynamics of neural circuits remains poorly understood. This study aims to disentangle the effects of CBs on the functional dynamics of the hippocampal Schaffer collateral synapse by using data-driven nonparametric modeling. Multi-unit activity was recorded from rats doing an working memory task in control sessions and under the influence of exogenously administered tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the primary CB found in marijuana...
July 7, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686442/accuracy-of-frequencies-obtained-with-the-aid-of-explicitly-correlated-wave-function-based-methods
#20
Gunnar Schmitz, Ove Christiansen
We asses the basis set convergence of harmonic frequencies using different explicitly correlated wave function based methods. All commonly available CCSD(T) variants as well as MP2-F12 and MP4(F12*) are considered and a hierarchy of the different approaches is established. As for reaction and atomization energies CCSD(F12*)(T*) is a close approximation to CCSD(F12)(T*) and clearly superior to the other tested approximations. The used scaling for the triples correction enhances the accuracy relative to CCSD(F12*)(T) especially for small basis sets and is very attractive since no additional computational costs are added...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
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