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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535135/recovery-from-cyclophosphamide-overdose-in-a-dog
#1
Jessica Renee Finlay, Kenneth Wyatt, Courtney North
An adult female spayed dog was evaluated after inadvertently receiving a total dose of 1,750 mg oral cyclophosphamide, equivalent to 2,303 mg/m(2), over 21 days (days -21 to 0). Nine days after the last dose of cyclophosphamide (day +9), the dog was evaluated at Perth Veterinary Specialists. Physical examination revealed mucosal pallor, a grade 2/6 systolic heart murmur, and severe hemorrhagic cystitis. Severe nonregenerative pancytopenia was detected on hematology. Broad spectrum antibiotics, two fresh whole blood transfusions, granulocyte colony stimulating factor, and tranexamic acid were administered...
May 23, 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511453/pregnancy-outcome-of-abnormal-nuchal-translucency-a-systematic-review
#2
Nasibeh Roozbeh, Maryam Azizi, Leili Darvish
INTRODUCTION: Nuchal Translucency (NT) is the sonographic form of subcutaneous gathering of liquid behind the foetal neck in the first trimester of pregnancy. There is association of increased NT with chromosomal and non-chromosomal abnormalities. AIM: The purpose of this systemic review was to review the pregnancy outcome of abnormal nuchal translucency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present systematic review was conducted by searching English language articles from sources such as International Medical Sciences, Medline, Web of science, Scopus, Google Scholar, PubMed, Index Copernicus, DOAJ, EBSCO-CINAHL...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503297/cardiovascular-involvement-and-manifestations-of-systemic-chikungunya-virus-infection-a-systematic-review
#3
María Fernanda Alvarez, Adrián Bolívar-Mejía, Alfonso J Rodriguez-Morales, Eduardo Ramirez-Vallejo
BACKGROUND: In the last three years, chikungunya virus disease has been spreading, affecting particularly the Americas, producing more than two million cases. In this setting, not only new disease-related epidemiological patterns have been found, but also new clinical findings have been reported by different research groups. These include findings on the cardiovascular system, including clinical, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic alterations. METHODS: We performed a systematic review looking for reports about cardiovascular compromise during chikungunya disease...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481746/aortic-valve-myxoma-in-a-young-man-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#4
Zhenchun Ji, Longgang Wang, Jiacheng Sun, Wenxue Ye, Yunsheng Yu, Haoyue Huang, Yanqiu Hu, Ziying Yang, Zhenya Shen
Myxoma is the most commonly found cardiac primary tumor. The left atrium is the most common localization of myxoma, followed by the right atrium. However, it is rare in the left and right ventricles. Myxoma originating from cardiac valves is extremely rare. This article presents a case of a 17-year-old male who was admitted due to heart murmur for one year. Transthoracic echocardiography indicated a 1.9 cm round solid mass in the left ventricular outflow tract. Excision surgery and aortic valve replacement were performed in this patient...
April 30, 2017: Heart Surgery Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465973/aortic-stenosis-a-routine-diagnosis-with-a-rare-cause
#5
Afsoon Fazlinejad, Atooshe Rohani, Malihe Layeghian, Shahram Kargar, Mohammad Reza Arefifar
A 40-year-old male patient presented with dyspnea on exertion and palpitation from 2 months ago. Physical examination revealed normal vital sign and a systolic murmur grade 3/6 in aortic area. Echocardiography revealed unicuspid aortic valve with an eccentric orifice, calcification, and aortic valve area of 0.9 cm(2). This case report highlights the usefulness of three-dimensional echocardiography for the determination of number of aortic valve cusps, presence of raphe and morphology of valve.
July 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457772/-jugular-murmur-as-a-multinodular-goiter-marker
#6
N Polo Fernández, M Frías Vargas, J Gorosabel Rebolleda, B López Uriarte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451018/infective-endocarditis-in-principal-hospital-of-dakar-a-retrospective-study-of-42-cases-over-10-years
#7
Djibril Marie Ba, Mouhamed Cherif Mboup, Nafissatou Zeba, Khadidiatou Dia, Awa Ndaw Fall, Fatou Fall, Pape Diadie Fall, Sara Boury Gning
Infective Endocarditis (IE) is an endocardial infection usually caused by bacteria that affects not only the native heart valves but also, with increasing frequency intravascular implanted devices and congenital heart diseases. Despite medical advances, IE remains a life-threatening disease with substantial morbidity and mortality. In Africa, its diagnosis and treatment are still a major challenge in clinical practice. The objective of this work was to study the epidemiological, clinical features, diagnostic techniques currently used in medical practice and the range of micro-organisms that are responsible...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441656/development-of-a-smartphone-app-for-visualizing-heart-sounds-and-murmurs
#8
Noritaka Mamorita, Naoya Arisaka, Risa Isonaka, Tadashi Kawakami, Akihiro Takeuchi
BACKGROUND: Auscultation is one of the basic techniques for the diagnosis of heart disease. However, the interpretation of heart sounds and murmurs is a highly subjective and difficult skill. OBJECTIVES: To assist the auscultation skill at the bedside, a handy phonocardiogram was developed using a smartphone (Samsung Galaxy J, Android OS 4.4.2) and an external microphone attached to a stethoscope. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Android app used Java classes, "AudioRecord," "AudioTrack," and "View," that recorded sounds, replayed sounds, and plotted sound waves, respectively...
April 26, 2017: Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435002/systemic-arterial-hypertension-secondary-to-chronic-kidney-disease-in-two-captive-born-large-felids
#9
A Leclerc, E Trehiou-Sechi, E M Greunz, C Damoiseaux, J Bouvard, V Chetboul
Systemic arterial hypertension (SHT) has been widely described in the domestic cat (Felis catus). In these feline patients, SHT is considered as the most common vascular disorder of middle-aged to older animals, and secondary SHT related to chronic kidney disease (CKD) represents the most common form of the disease. We describe here the first two cases of spontaneous SHT in large felids, i.e. one 18-year old, 34.4 kg, male North-Chinese leopard (Panthera pardus japonensis, case #1) and one 20-year old, 28...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428678/productive-cough-in-children-and-adolescents-view-from-primary-health-care-system
#10
REVIEW
Edin Begic, Zijo Begic, Amra Dobraca, Edo Hasanbegovic
Cough is one of the most common symptoms that doctor faces in working with pediatric population, and according to some characteristics of cough, doctors can often conclude localization, and sometimes even the nature of the disease that causes it. Cough is not only the physiological defense reaction, but a symptom of a disease. According to duration it can be acute, chronic and recidivist, recurrent and persistent, strong or discreet, caused by changes in body position and changes in outside temperature. Pathoanatomically it is divided into lobar, lobular, alveolar and interstitial, pathogenetically to bronchogenic and hematogenous, as well as in immuno competent and immunocompromised, and clinically on the local and inpatient (72 hours after hospital admission)...
February 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423127/evaluation-of-anomalous-coronary-arteries-from-the-pulmonary-artery
#11
Alper Guzeltas, Erkut Ozturk, Ibrahim Cansaran Tanidir, Taner Kasar, Sertac Haydin
Objective: This study evaluated clinical and diagnostic findings, treatment methods, and follow-up of cases of anomalous coronary arteries from the pulmonary artery. Methods: The study included all cases diagnosed with anomalous coronary arteries from the pulmonary artery between January 2012 and January 2016. Data from patients' demographic characteristics, electrocardiography, echocardiography, angiographic findings, operation, intensive care unit stay, and follow-up were evaluated...
January 2017: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414679/misses-opportunity-tof-diagnoses-in-4th-decade-of-life
#12
O Baniahmad, T Jarreau, A Johnson
CASE: A 40 year old woman with a history of HIV, congestive heart failure secondary to an unknown congenital heart defect, and hypertension presented to our emergency department with worsening edema. On room air, oxygen saturation was 55 percent . On 5L of oxygen via nasal cannula, oxygen saturation was 88 percent . Physical examination was notable for central cyanosis, facial and lid edema, a II/VI holosystolic murmur across right chest radiating to entire right back hemithorax, decreased breath sounds at bases with pulmonary crackles, clubbing of fingers and edema of bilateral lower extremities...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414678/what-the-eyes-don-t-see-the-heart-does-grieve-over
#13
M Sciaudone, M Dery
INTRODUCTION: A 71 year old Peruvian woman presented with blurry vision and bilateral eye pain and had evidence of bilateral endophthalmitis on eye examination. Her past medical history was notable for multiple abdominal surgeries within the preceding months, including an incarcerated inguinal hernia repair which required an ileostomy placement, and cholecystitis requiring cholecystostomy tube placement. Over her multiple long hospitalizations, she developed bacteremia and fungemia on several occasions, with organisms including Enterobacter cloacae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Bacteroides fragilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterococcus faecium, and Candida albicans...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414664/gonococcal-endocarditis-the-gift-that-stops-giving-an-uncommon-presentation-of-a-common-disease
#14
G Olayemi, M Oferczak, A Elagizi, I El-Abbassi, M Eschete, J Crowe
INTRODUCTION: Gonorrhea is the 2nd most common sexually transmitted disease in the US with 800,000 cases of gonorrhea each year. Disseminated gonorrhea infection occurs in 0.5 percent - 3 percent of these patients and is more frequent in woman younger than 40 years of age. CASE: A 36 year old woman with a history of polysubstance abuse presented with 10 day history of feeling generally unwell. At presentation, vitals were remarkable for tachycardia and hypotension...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396806/ventricular-septal-dissection-complicating-inferior-wall-myocardial-infarction
#15
Lindsey Kalvin, Rayan Yousefzai, Bijoy K Khandheria, Timothy E Paterick, Khawaja Afzal Ammar
Postmyocardial infarction ventricular septal defect is an increasingly rare mechanical complication of acute myocardial infarction. We present a case of acute myocardial infarction from right coronary artery occlusion that developed hypotension and systolic murmur 12 hours after successful percutaneous coronary intervention. Although preoperative imaging suggested a large ventricular septal defect and a pseudoaneurysm, intraoperative findings concluded a serpiginous dissection of the ventricular septum. The imaging technicalities are discussed...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377475/diagnosis-imaging-and-clinical-management-of-aortic-coarctation
#16
REVIEW
Elles J Dijkema, Tim Leiner, Heynric B Grotenhuis
Coarctation of the aorta (CoA) is a well-known congenital heart disease (CHD), which is often associated with several other cardiac and vascular anomalies, such as bicuspid aortic valve (BAV), ventricular septal defect, patent ductus arteriosus and aortic arch hypoplasia. Despite echocardiographic screening, prenatal diagnosis of CoA remains difficult. Most patients with CoA present in infancy with absent, delayed or reduced femoral pulses, a supine arm-leg blood pressure gradient (>20 mm Hg), or a murmur due to rapid blood flow across the CoA or associated lesions (BAV)...
April 4, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372481/staphylococcal-versus-streptococcal-infective-endocarditis-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-belgium-epidemiology-clinical-characteristics-and-outcome
#17
Jean Cyr Yombi, Sandra Nyota Yuma, Agnes Pasquet, Parla Astarci, Annie Robert, Hector Villalobos Rodriguez
Infective endocarditis (IE) is a rare but serious illness associated with a high mortality. Staphylococcus spp and Streptococcus spp are the most frequent causative pathogens. In this study, we compared the epidemiology, clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with Staphylococcal and Streptococcal IE in a tertiary hospital. Using our institutional database 'Medical Explorer', we collected all cases of IE retrospectively between January 2005 and December 2010 at the Cliniques Universitaires Saint Luc and then focused on Staphylococcal and Streptococcal IE...
April 4, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358641/intrapericardial-cystic-hematoma-in-a-dog-treated-by-thoracoscopic-subtotal-pericardectomy
#18
Chi-Ya Chen, Boel A Fransson, Adam M Nylund
CASE DESCRIPTION A 2-year-old castrated male mixed-breed dog was evaluated because of a 1-week history of respiratory distress and abdominal distension. Thoracic radiography and echocardiography at that time revealed an enlarged cardiac silhouette and pericardial effusion; abdominal radiography and ultrasonography revealed ascites. CLINICAL FINDINGS At the initial referral examination 5 weeks later, the dog weighed 37.5 kg (82.5 lb) and appeared clinically normal. The only abnormality detected was a grade I/VI systolic murmur on the left side of the thorax...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343785/pericardial-mesothelioma-presenting-as-a-suspected-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#19
Ana Sofia Barroso, Sérgio Leite, Fernando Friões, Mariana Vasconcelos, Daniela Azevedo, Helena Baldaia, Mário Jorge Amorim, Paula Dias
Primary cardiac and pericardial tumors are rare entities with an autopsy frequency of 0.001-0.03%. Metastases to the heart and pericardium are much more common than primary tumors. Malignant pericardial mesotheliomas account for up to 50% of primary pericardial tumors. We report the case of a 75-year-old woman with hypertension, dyslipidemia and atrial fibrillation who went to the emergency department due to nonspecific thoracic discomfort of over six hours duration associated with syncope. Physical examination revealed a low-amplitude arrhythmic pulse, no heart murmurs and no signs of pulmonary congestion...
April 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343186/-profile-of-adults-suffering-from-copd-in-poland
#20
Marcin Nowak, Mateusz Jankowski, Grzegorz M Brożek, Szymon Skoczyński, Patrycja Rzepka-Wrona, Ewa Pierzchała, Jan E Zejda, Władysław Pierzchała
INTRODUCTION: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the most common chronic diseases in adults. It is estimated, that in Poland around two million people suffer from COPD. THE AIM: The aim of this study, was to characterize population of patients with COPD in Poland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study, established and coordinated by the Polish Respiratory Society, included a representative sample of 500 GPs where were asked to fill questionnaires on diagnosis and treatment of their COPD patients...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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