keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

pyelonephritis, diabetes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666742/focal-xanthogranulomatous-pyelonephritis-with-pulmonary-lesions-on-the-background-of-type-two-diabetes-mellitus
#1
Ahmad Enshaei, Arash A Boora, Diana Taheri, Zahra Changizi, Nahid Bahmani
Focal Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis is a rare chronic inflammatory condition of kidneys which usually is associated with postrenal obstruction or renal stone leading to chronic bacterial infection and eventually chronic glomerular inflammation. About 90% of cases are of the diffuse type and associated with staghorn renal calculi. The case presented in this paper is of the focal type in a 58-year-old diabetic female. Interestingly she did not have symptoms or laboratory presentation of chronic renal bacterial infection except for elevated ESR...
2018: Case Reports in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596773/-fulminant-emphysematous-pyelonephritis-secondary-to-urothelial-neoplasia-with-reno-colic-fistula
#2
Ana Rita Elvas, Bruno Jorge Pereira, Filipa Carrega, Leopoldina Vicente
The emphysematous pyelonephritis is a uncommon and potentially fatal entity. The recognition of this condition enables the early correct management of patients. Diabetes and ureteral obstruction are the main risk factors identified. We present the case of a patient with no relevant risk factors or prior medical history, in which the reason of admission to the emergency department was back pain, eventually evolving into septic shock in the early hours. The imaging tests identified the presence of peri-renal and subcutaneous gas which guided the medical team to the right diagnosis (emphysematous pyelonephritis secondary to fistulized urothelial neoplasia) and the optimal surgical treatment...
February 28, 2018: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552340/a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-utility-and-safety-of-kidney-transplant-biopsies-by-nephrology-trainees-and-consultants
#3
Michael E Reschen, Andrea Mazzella, Edward Sharples
Background and aims: Dysfunction of a kidney transplant often requires histological sampling by percutaneous ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy. Transplant biopsy is more specialized than native kidney biopsy, the indications and complications are less well defined and in England are performed mainly by nephrologists. The aims of the study were to evaluate the adequacy and complication rate in living and deceased donor recipients according to training status of the nephrologist, assess the accuracy of physicians in predicting rejection, the threshold creatinine rise for biopsy, and the change in drug management post-biopsy...
April 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541493/necrotizing-fasciitis-of-thoracic-and-abdominal-wall-with-emphysematous-pyelonephritis-and-retroperitoneal-abscess
#4
Sanjay Mhalasakant Khaladkar, Kunaal Mahesh Jain, Rajesh Kuber, Sidappa Gandage
Emphysematous pyelonephritis is a life-threatening severe form of pyelonephritis usually occurring in patients with diabetes mellitus with or without obstructive uropathies in whom there is necrotizing infection leading to the gas production of an unclear mechanism involving the renal parenchyma and the collecting system. Necrotizing fasciitis is characterized by progressive necrosis of fat and fascia due to deep-seated infection of subcutaneous tissue. It has a fulminant course with considerable mortality...
2018: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513702/morphological-and-clinical-findings-in-sri-lankan-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-of-unknown-cause-ckdu-similarities-and-differences-with-mesoamerican-nephropathy
#5
Julia Wijkström, Channa Jayasumana, Rajeewa Dassanayake, Nalin Priyawardane, Nimali Godakanda, Sisira Siribaddana, Anneli Ring, Kjell Hultenby, Magnus Söderberg, Carl-Gustaf Elinder, Annika Wernerson
In Sri Lanka, an endemic of chronic kidney disease of unknown origin (CKDu) is affecting rural communities. The endemic has similarities with Mesoamerican Nephropathy (MeN) in Central America, however it has not yet been clarified if the endemics are related diagnostic entities. We designed this study of kidney biopsies from patients with CKDu in Sri Lanka to compare with MeN morphology. Eleven patients with CKDu were recruited at the General Hospital, Polonnaruwa, using similar inclusion and exclusion criteria as our previous MeN studies...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473388/seminal-vesicle-abscess-causing-unilateral-hydroureteronephrosis-a-case-report
#6
Vittorio Imperatore, Massimiliano Creta, Sergio Di Meo, Roberto Buonopane, Lorenzo Spirito, Vincenzo Mirone
Seminal vesicle abscess (SVA) is a rare urologic entity. It mainly occurs in subjects with predisposing factors and may be associated with other urogenital infections. We describe the case of a diabetic subject with SVA associated with funiculitis, epididymitis and obstructive pyelonephritis. Treatment consisted of laparotomic surgical drainage of the abscess and ureteral stent placement.
December 31, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327131/renal-vein-thrombosis-complicating-severe-acute-pyelonephritis-with-renal-abscesses-and-associated-bacteraemia-caused-by-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli
#7
Stelios F Assimakopoulos, Pantelis Kraniotis, Charalambos Gogos, Markos Marangos
Acute pyelonephritis might be complicated by the formation of renal and perirenal abscesses and very rarely by renal vein thrombosis, which is a life-threatening condition. The main causative agents of acute pyelonephritis are enterobacteriaceae with the incidence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing strains increasing worldwide. We present the case of a 71-year-old Greek man with history of diabetes mellitus and recent hospitalization, who suffered from severe pyelonephritis with renal abscesses formation and associated bacteraemia caused by ESBL-producing Escherichia coli, complicated by extensive thrombosis of the ipsilateral renal vein and its branches, protruding also in the inferior venal cava...
May 2018: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208861/etiology-of-early-renal-allograft-dysfunction-and-comparison-between-dysfunction-and-function-group-a-single-center-study
#8
K M Hadiuzzaman, S F Islam, M O Faroque, R M Hossain, M Munirunnessa, S I Selim, M Morshed
Over a period of two years thirty five renal allograft recipients & donors were evaluated to find out the aetiology of early renal allograft dysfunction, in the Department of Nephrology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh from March 2010 to February 2012. A comparison was made between dysfunction & functioning graft group. Mean age of recipients were (36.4±9.4) years, mean age of donors were (41.7±8.3) years, with a male and female ratio of 3:1. Fifty percent recipients showed one heliotype match, ninety percent recipients were anti CMV antibody IgG positive, few were anti CMV antibody IgM positive...
October 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177841/xanthogranulomatous-pyelonephritis-a-case-with-rare-adhesion-to-pancreas
#9
Tuba Devrim, Pınar Atasoy, Devrim Tuğlu
Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) is a rare benign condition with unknown aetiology and chronic infection of kidney. Commonly, most cases are related with urinary tract obstruction, nephrolithiasis, infection, diabetes, and/or immune compromise. XGP is associated with destruction of the renal parenchyma and granulomatous inflammation with foamy lipid-laden macrophages resulting from obstructive uropathy. It closely mimics a malignancy, exhibiting local tissue invasion and destruction. Adjacent organs especially duodenum as well as very rarely pancreas or spleen may be involved...
November 25, 2017: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149963/urinary-tract-infections-in-the-first-year-post-kidney-transplantation-potential-benefits-of-treating-asymptomatic-bacteriuria
#10
P Kotagiri, D Chembolli, J Ryan, P D Hughes, N D Toussaint
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the commonest infectious complication in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs). No recommendations exist regarding treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria. We aimed to identify potential risk factors and microbiological profile for UTIs, the role of treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria, and effects on graft outcomes of bacteriuria within the first year post-transplantation. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of UTIs in KTRs transplanted between January 2012 and December 2013 in 2 transplantation centers...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039350/the-toxicity-of-vanadium-on-gastrointestinal-urinary-and-reproductive-system-and-its-influence-on-fertility-and-fetuses-malformations
#11
Aleksandra Wilk, Dagmara Szypulska-Koziarska, Barbara Wiszniewska
Vanadium is a transition metal that has a unique and beneficial effect on both humans and animals. For many years, studies have suggested that vanadium is an essential trace element. Its biological properties are of interest due to its therapeutic potential, including in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Vanadium deficiencies can lead to a range of pathologies. However, excessive concentration of this metal can cause irreversible damage to various tissues and organs. Vanadium toxicity mainly manifests in gastrointestinal symptoms, including diarrhea, vomiting, and weight reduction...
September 25, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933020/deriving-a-management-algorithm-for-emphysematous-pyelonephritis-can-we-rely-on-minimally-invasive-strategies-or-should-we-be-opting-for-earlier-nephrectomy
#12
Eve Boakes, Deepak Batura
PURPOSE: To analyse the incidence and management of emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN) in North West London and examine factors that influence immediate and 6-month outcomes with the aim of guiding future management. METHODS: This work analyses EPN cases from the London North West Healthcare NHS Trust from October 2006 to July 2015 (population ≈ 850,000). Diagnosis and stage were confirmed by computed tomography (CT). Demographic, clinical, biochemical and microbiological characteristics were assessed...
December 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910706/pharmacokinetics-and-tissue-distribution-of-five-major-triterpenoids-after-oral-administration-of-rhizoma-alismatis-extract-to-rats-using-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#13
Wen Xu, Xiaoyan Li, Na Lin, Xue Zhang, Xiaoqiang Huang, Tingting Wu, Yanni Tai, Shuyun Chen, Chieh-Hsi Wu, Mingqing Huang, Shuisheng Wu
Rhizoma Alismatis (RA) was wildly used for treatment of dysuria, pyelonephritis, hyperlipidemia, enteritis diarrhea, diabetes, inflammation, and cancer. Triterpenoids are the major active components of RA, and its extract is mainly composed of alisol A (ALA), alisol B (ALB), alisol C 23-acetate (ALC-23A), alisol A 24-acetate (ALA-24A), and alisol B 23-acetate (ALB-23A). In this study, a simple, reliable, and sensitive ultra high-performance liquid chromatography with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) method was created and validated for the quantification of the five major triterpenoids in rat plasma and various tissues biosamples (including intestine, stomach, liver, kidney, fat, muscle, brain, heart, lung, spleen, and testes)...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804662/fungal-bezoar-a-rare-cause-of-ureteral-obstruction
#14
Nabil Zeineddine, Wissam Mansour, Sandy El Bitar, Marco Campitelli, Neville Mobarakai
A 52-year-old male, with diabetes mellitus and alcoholic liver disease, presented to the Emergency Room for right flank pain of 3 days' duration, associated with dysuria. Physical examination revealed right flank tenderness with fever and hypotension; laboratory findings showed acute kidney injury and large blood and leucocytes in the urine. A CT abdomen and pelvis showed hydronephrosis of the right collecting system of a horseshoe kidney with air and hyperdense debris in the renal pelvis. Patient was treated for multisensitive Proteus mirabilis emphysematous pyelonephritis, and a right nephrostomy tube was inserted...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764263/acute-pyelonephritis-correlation-of-clinical-parameter-with-radiological-imaging-abnormalities
#15
Leelavathi Venkatesh, Ramalingiah Karadakere Hanumegowda
INTRODUCTION: Pyelonephritis (PN) is a suppurative infection of the kidney, most commonly due to bacterial infection and may be either acute or chronic. Acute PN (APN) subdivided into uncomplicated and complicated. Severity of PN cannot be assessed by clinical or laboratorial parameters alone, radiological imaging such as Ultrasound (USG) abdomen, Computed Tomography (CT) is required to know the nature, extent and severity of disease and for planning interventions. AIM: The aim of this study was to compare clinical and biochemical parameters with radiological findings (USG/CT) among patients diagnosed to have PN...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717547/emphysematous-pyelonephritis-changing-trend-of-clinical-spectrum-pathogenesis-management-and-outcome
#16
Ashok Kumar Sokhal, Manoj Kumar, Bimalesh Purkait, Ankur Jhanwar, Kawaljit Singh, Ankur Bansal, Satyanarayan Sankhwar
OBJECTIVE: To highlight changing trend of clinical spectrum, comparing management options and predictors of outcome of emphysematous pyelonephritis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study included patients who were diagnosed as emphysematous pyelonephritis between August, 2001 to July, 2015. We excluded other possible causes of gas in renal system. Baseline patient characteristics, clinical spectrum, serum and urinary biochemical parameters, radiological findings, management and outcomes were recorded...
June 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638336/emphysematous-pyelonephritis-and-cystitis-unusual-adverse-events-during-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-for-lung-cancer
#17
Tetsuya Yokoyama, Seiji Shinozaki, Hidenobu Arimura, Keita Nakatomi, Hiroshi Wataya
Various adverse events can occur during antineoplastic therapy. A 67-year-old diabetic woman developed an emphysematous urinary tract infection (UTI) associated with chemoradiotherapy for lung cancer. She had received weekly carboplatin plus paclitaxel with thoracic radiotherapy and developed a fever on day 19. Computed tomography showed a large quantity of gas within the urinary tract. She was therefore diagnosed with emphysematous UTI. Poor diabetes control due to the weekly administration of dexamethasone, an existing urinary tract obstruction, and bone marrow suppression were involved in her serious infection...
January 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600113/non-typhi-salmonella-enterica-urinary-tract-infections
#18
G Mellon, C Delanoe, A L Roux, B Heym, O Dubourg, P Hardy, B Chevallier, C Perronne, E Rouveix, J Salomon
OBJECTIVE: Non-typhi Salmonella enterica urinary tract infections (UTIs) are not frequent and rarely reported in the literature. We aimed to characterize clinical presentations and risk factors for the infection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of non-typhi Salmonella enterica strains isolated from urine cytobacteriological examinations (UCBE) collected between January 1, 1996 and October 30, 2014 and analyzed by the microbiology laboratories of the university hospitals of the western part of Île-de-France and of Paris, France...
October 2017: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540891/chronic-renal-failure-an-autopsy-study
#19
Anitha Padmanabhan, Sanjay Gohil, N M Gadgil, Prerna Sachdeva
Diabetes and hypertension are at present the major causes of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) worldwide. The stages 0-5 of CKD are defined according to the estimated glomerular filtration rate. The term chronic renal failure (CRF) typically corresponds to CKD stages 3-5. Cardiovascular disease is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in patients of CRF and ESRD. This study was undertaken to analyze the age and sex incidence, clinical features, etiology, pathology of various organs in detail, and causes of death of CRF patients...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464828/analysis-of-patients-with-diabetes-and-complicated-intra-abdominal-infection-or-complicated-urinary-tract-infection-in-phase-3-trials-of-ceftolozane-tazobactam
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Myra W Popejoy, Jianmin Long, Jennifer A Huntington
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus and hyperglycemia are associated with increased susceptibility to bacterial infections and poor treatment outcomes. This post hoc evaluation of the treatment of complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIAI) and complicated urinary tract infections (cUTI) aimed to evaluate baseline characteristics, efficacy, and safety in patients with and without diabetes treated with ceftolozane/tazobactam and comparators. Ceftolozane/tazobactam is an antibacterial with potent activity against Gram-negative pathogens and is approved for the treatment of cIAI (with metronidazole) and cUTI (including pyelonephritis)...
May 2, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
keyword
keyword
44813
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"