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Diet depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352383/dietary-patterns-their-covariates-and-associations-with-severity-of-depressive-symptoms-among-university-students-in-lebanon-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Doris Jaalouk, Jocelyne Matar Boumosleh, Lea Helou, Maya Abou Jaoude
PURPOSE: The study aims to identify dietary patterns in university students in Lebanon, to determine their associations with socio-demographic, lifestyle, and stress factors, and to assess the link between identified dietary patterns and severity of depressive symptoms, controlling for multiple confounders. METHODS: Four hundred and fifty-seven private university students were surveyed. Information about dietary intake, socio-demographic and lifestyle factors, physical activity, and depressive symptoms were collected by the 73-item food frequency questionnaire, background questionnaire, International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form, and Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), respectively...
January 19, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348553/night-eating-model-shows-time-specific-depression-like-behavior-in-the-forced-swimming-test
#2
Atsushi Haraguchi, Miyabi Fukuzawa, Shiho Iwami, Yutaro Nishimura, Hiroaki Motohashi, Yu Tahara, Shigenobu Shibata
The circadian clock system is associated with feeding and mood. Patients with night eating syndrome (NES) delay their eating rhythm and their mood declines during the evening and night, manifesting as time-specific depression. Therefore, we hypothesized that the NES feeding pattern might cause time-specific depression. We established new NES model by restricted feeding with high-fat diet during the inactive period under normal-fat diet ad libitum. The FST (forced swimming test) immobility time in the NES model group was prolonged only after lights-on, corresponding to evening and early night for humans...
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332264/the-role-of-affect-and-coping-in-diabetes-self-management-in-rural-adults-with-uncontrolled-diabetes-and-depressive-symptoms
#3
Shannon R Miles, Tasneem Khambaty, Nancy J Petersen, Aanand D Naik, Jeffrey A Cully
Many patients with diabetes have poorly controlled blood sugar levels and remain at risk for serious diabetes complications, despite access to effective diabetes treatments and services. Using the transactional model of stress and coping framework, the study investigated the contributions of affect (Positive and Negative Affect Schedule) and coping (maladaptive and adaptive coping from the Brief Cope) on diabetes self-management behaviors, namely diet and exercise. One hundred seventy-eight rural adults with uncontrolled diabetes and moderate depressive symptoms completed the measures...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331532/high-fat-diet-mediates-anxiolytic-like-behaviors-in-a-time-dependent-manner-through-the-regulation-of-sirt1-in-the-brain
#4
Liu Xu, Shuang Xu, Lifang Lin, Xi Gu, Congcong Fu, Yingying Fang, Xiaowen Li, Xuemin Wang
The consumption of a high-fat diet (HFD) and obesity have been associated not only with metabolic diseases but also with neuropsychiatric diseases, such as depression and anxiety. However, results on the effects of an HFD on anxiety are controversial, since both anxiogenic and anxiolytic effects have been reported. In this study, we evaluated the effects of both short- and long-term intake of an HFD on anxiety-like behaviors. To explore the impact of time on the association between an HFD and anxiety, mice were fed with an HFD for 4 weeks or 12 weeks...
January 10, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327443/effect-of-gut-stress-induced-by-oxidized-wheat-gluten-on-the-growth-performance-gut-morphology-and-oxidative-states-of-broilers
#5
R B Liao, H J Yan, G H Liu, S Zhang, W H Chang, W Liu, C H Lin, X Y Huang, H Y Cai
This study was to investigate the effect of oxidized wheat gluten (OG) on growth performance, gut morphology and its oxidative states of broilers. One hundred and eighty-day-old male broilers (10 chicks/pen) were randomly allocated into three dietary treatments: control diet (CON), diet with 8% wheat gluten (WG) and diet with 8% OG with six pens/treatment. Body weight (BW) (21 and 35 days) and average daily gain (ADG) (1-21 days and 22-35 days) decreased (p < .05) and feed conversion ratio (FCR) (1-21 days and 22-35 days) increased (p < ...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326489/ondansetron-ameliorates-depression-associated-with-obesity-in-high-fat-diet-fed-experimental-mice-an-investigation-based-on-the-behavioral-biochemical-and-molecular-approach
#6
Yeshwant Kurhe, Radhakrishnan Mahesh
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is an important risk factor for depression as more than half of the obese population is susceptible for depression at double rate. Our earlier studies reported the antidepressant potential of 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, ondansetron (OND) in depression associated obesity using behavioral tasks. The present research work is aimed to evaluate the effect of OND on depression associated with obesity with special emphasis on biochemical and molecular mechanisms such as hippocampal brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), hippocampal histological examination and immunohistochemical expression of p53 proteins...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321799/independent-and-combined-effects-of-environmental-factors-and-mir-126-mir-143-and-mir-145-on-the-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease
#7
Da-Cen Lin, Jia-Bing Lin, Zhou Chen, Rong Chen, Chun-Yu Wan, Shao-Wei Lin, Qi-Shuang Ruan, Huang-Yuan Li, Si-Ying Wu
Objective: To evaluate the effects of environmental factors and microRNAs (miRNAs) (miR-126, miR-143, and miR-145) on the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Methods: A frequency-matched case-control study (450 patients, 450 controls) was conducted from April 2014 to December 2016 in Fuzhou City, China. Environmental factors were investigated using a self-administered questionnaire, and the expression levels of miR-126, miR-143, and miR-145 were determined by quantitative real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells...
November 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318342/group-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-weight-regain-after-diet-in-type-2-diabetes-results-from-the-randomised-controlled-power-trial
#8
Kirsten A Berk, Hanneke I M Buijks, Adrie J M Verhoeven, Monique T Mulder, Behiye Özcan, Adriaan van 't Spijker, Reinier Timman, Jan J Busschbach, Eric J Sijbrands
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Weight-loss programmes for adults with type 2 diabetes are less effective in the long term owing to regain of weight. Our aim was to determine the 2 year effectiveness of a cognitive behavioural group therapy (group-CBT) programme in weight maintenance after diet-induced weight loss in overweight and obese adults with type 2 diabetes, using a randomised, parallel, non-blinded, pragmatic study design. METHODS: We included 158 obese adults (median BMI 36...
January 9, 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316987/diet-nutrition-and-the-ageing-brain-current-evidence-and-new-directions
#9
Katie Moore, Catherine F Hughes, Mary Ward, Leane Hoey, Helene McNulty
Globally populations are ageing. By 2050, it is estimated that there will be two billion people aged 60 years or over, of which 131 million are projected to be affected by dementia, while depression is predicted to be the second leading cause of disability worldwide by 2020. Preventing or delaying the onset of these disorders should therefore be a public health priority. There is some evidence linking certain dietary patterns, particularly the Mediterranean diet, with a reduced risk of dementia and depression...
January 10, 2018: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290042/zeaxanthin-improved-diabetes-induced-anxiety-and-depression-through-inhibiting-inflammation-in-hippocampus
#10
Xiaoyan Zhou, Tian Gan, Gaoxia Fang, Shangshang Wang, Yizhen Mao, Changjiang Ying
It is generally accepted that inflammation plays a key role in anxiety and depression induced by diabetes. However, the underlying mechanism and effective treatment method of these diabetes-associated behavior disorders remain to be determined. In the present study, we attempted to illuminate the implication of zeaxanthin in anxiety, depression and neuroinflammation caused by hyperglycemia, and further elaborate the relevant mechanism under these neuropsychiatric disorders. In the current work, diabetic rats were induced by high glucose and fat diet followed by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozocin, and zeaxanthin was orally administration every day (From 6th to 19th week)...
December 30, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287756/qualifying-for-bariatric-surgery-is-preoperative-weight-loss-a-reliable-predictor-of-postoperative-weight-loss
#11
Raman D Krimpuri, James M Yokley, Eileen L Seeholzer, Ewald L Horwath, Charles L Thomas, Sergio J Bardaro
BACKGROUND: Over the last 20 years, bariatric surgery has emerged as a highly effective weight loss intervention that can also improve co-morbid medical conditions. However, some payors have required preoperative supervised diets and weight loss. OBJECTIVE: To determine if preoperative weight loss is the best predictor of postoperative weight loss. SETTING: Academic county hospital, United States. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 218 patients...
January 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284228/assessment-of-dietary-habits-and-nutritional-status-of-depressive-patients-depending-on-place-of-residence
#12
Ewa Stefanska, Agnieszka Wendołowicz, Urszula Cwalina, Urszula Kowzan, Beata Konarzewska, Agata Szulc, Lucyna Ostrowska
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: An increased incidence of depressive disorders observed in recent years in the Polish and world population is a serious health problem. The aim of the study was to compare dietary habits and nutritional status of patients with recurrent depressive disorders, depending on their place of residence. Their impact on selected metabolic parameters was also considered. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group comprised 96 women and 84 men reporting to the Outpatient Mental Health Clinic at the Department of Psychiatry, Medical University of Bialystok in north-eastern Poland...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282267/stepped-care-approach-for-medial-tibiofemoral-osteoarthritis-streamline-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Sarah Rubia Robbins, Luciano Ricardo S Melo, Hema Urban, Leticia A Deveza, Rebecca Asher, Victoria L Johnson, David J Hunter
INTRODUCTION: Current guidelines recommend tailored interventions to optimise knee osteoarthritis (OA) management. However, models of care still have a 'one size fits all' approach, which is suboptimal as it ignores patient heterogeneity. This study aims to compare a stepped care strategy with standard care for overweight and obese persons with medial tibiofemoral OA. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Participants will be randomised into two groups (85 each). The intervention will receive a diet and exercise programme for 18 weeks in the first step of the study...
December 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281068/effects-of-excess-dl-and-l-methionine-on-growth-performance-of-starter-pekin-ducks
#14
J J Xue, M Xie, J Tang, W Huang, Q Zhang, S S Hou
A dose-response experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of excess DL-methionine (DLM) and L-methionine (LM) on growth response of starter Pekin ducks from 7 to 21 days of age. A total of 462 seven-day-old male Pekin ducklings were allotted to 77 wire-floor pens with 6 birds per pen. There were 11 treatments including a methionine-adequate control diet (containing 0.49% methionine) and control diets supplemented with 5 levels of crystal DLM or LM (0.25, 0.50, 0.75, 1.0, and 1.25%) based on equal product weight...
December 21, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280414/the-relationship-between-dietary-quality-serum-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-bdnf-level-and-the-val66met-polymorphism-in-predicting-depression
#15
Amy Froud, Jenifer Murphy, Lachlan Cribb, Chee H Ng, Jerome Sarris
BACKGROUND: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a neurotrophic factor implicated in the pathogenesis of depression, may be influenced by dietary quality. Both dietary quality and serum BDNF have been researched independently in regard to their effect on depression; however, there is limited research investigating the relationship between the two factors and how they interact in depression. Additionally, a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (Val66Met) in the BDNF gene, which has been implicated in BDNF levels and depression, may contribute to the complex relationship between depression, dietary quality, and BDNF level...
December 27, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277417/reprint-of-contrasting-effects-of-vortioxetine-and-paroxetine-on-pineal-gland-biochemistry-in-a-tryptophan-depletion-model-of-depression-in-female-rats
#16
M Franklin, N Hlavacova, Y Li, I Bermudez, A Csanova, C Sanchez, D Jezova
We studied the effects of the multi-modal antidepressant, vortioxetine and the SSRI, paroxetine on pineal melatonin and monoamine synthesis in a sub-chronic tryptophan (TRP) depletion model of depression based on a low TRP diet. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomised to groups a) control, b) low TRP diet, c) low TRP diet+paroxetine and d) low TRP diet+vortioxetine. Vortioxetine was administered via the diet (0.76mg/kg of food weight) and paroxetine via drinking water (10mg/kg/day) for 14days. Both drugs resulted in SERT occupancies >90%...
December 23, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277413/behavioral-and-mental-health-risk-factor-profiles-among-diverse-primary-care-patients
#17
Beth A Glenn, Catherine M Crespi, Hector P Rodriguez, Narissa J Nonzee, Siobhan M Phillips, Sherri N Sheinfeld Gorin, Sallie Beth Johnson, Maria E Fernandez, Paul Estabrooks, Rodger Kessler, Dylan H Roby, Suzanne Heurtin-Roberts, Catherine L Rohweder, Marcia G Ory, Alex H Krist
Behavioral and mental health risk factors are prevalent among primary care patients and contribute substantially to premature morbidity and mortality and increased health care utilization and costs. Although prior studies have found most adults screen positive for multiple risk factors, limited research has attempted to identify factors that most commonly co-occur, which may guide future interventions. The purpose of this study was to identify subgroups of primary care patients with co-occurring risk factors and to examine sociodemographic characteristics associated with these subgroups...
December 22, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276734/stress-the-gut-brain-axis-regulation-by-the-microbiome
#18
REVIEW
Jane A Foster, Linda Rinaman, John F Cryan
The importance of the gut-brain axis in regulating stress-related responses has long been appreciated. More recently, the microbiota has emerged as a key player in the control of this axis, especially during conditions of stress provoked by real or perceived homeostatic challenge. Diet is one of the most important modifying factors of the microbiota-gut-brain axis. The routes of communication between the microbiota and brain are slowly being unravelled, and include the vagus nerve, gut hormone signaling, the immune system, tryptophan metabolism, and microbial metabolites such as short chain fatty acids...
December 2017: Neurobiology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274351/high-fat-diet-induced-hyperglutamatergic-activation-of-the-hippocampus-in-mice-a-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-study-at-9-4t
#19
Song-I Lim, Kyu-Ho Song, Chi-Hyeon Yoo, Dong-Cheol Woo, Bo-Young Choe
The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term neurochemical alterations in the hippocampus of mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD) while plasma leptin and corticosterone levels were monitored. Although metabolic disturbances induced by the excess intake of fat are assumed to cause depression, the relationship underlying dysfunctional adipose tissue, stress hormone release, and excitatory metabolism has not been fully understood yet. Four-week-old male C57BL/6 mice were separated into a HFD-fed group (n = 8) and low-fat diet-fed group (n = 8)...
December 20, 2017: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258552/effects-of-stevia-on-synaptic-plasticity-and-nadph-oxidase-level-of-cns-in-conditions-of-metabolic-disorders-caused-by-fructose
#20
V A Chavushyan, K V Simonyan, R M Simonyan, A S Isoyan, G M Simonyan, M A Babakhanyan, L E Hovhannisyian, Kh H Nahapetyan, L G Avetisyan, M A Simonyan
BACKGROUND: Excess dietary fructose intake associated with metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance and increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Previous animal studies have reported that diabetic animals have significantly impaired behavioural and cognitive functions, pathological synaptic function and impaired expression of glutamate receptors. Correction of the antioxidant status of laboratory rodents largely prevents the development of fructose-induced plurimetabolic changes in the nervous system...
December 19, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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