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Diet depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212827/longitudinal-associations-between-maternal-feeding-and-overweight-in-low-income-toddlers
#1
Julie C Lumeng, Niko Kaciroti, Lauren Retzloff, Katherine Rosenblum, Alison L Miller
Maternal feeding is a frequent intervention target for the prevention of early childhood obesity but longitudinal associations between feeding and child overweight are poorly understood. This observational cohort study sought to examine the cross-lagged associations between maternal feeding and overweight across ages 21, 27, and 33 months. Feeding was measured by maternal self-report (n = 222) at each age. Child weight and length were measured. Cross-lagged analysis was used to evaluate longitudinal associations between feeding and overweight, adjusting for infant birth weight, maternal body mass index, maternal education, and maternal depressive symptoms...
February 14, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211551/eating-habits-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-recurrent-depressive-disorders
#2
Ewa Stefańska, Agnieszka Wendołowicz, Urszula Cwalina, Beata Konarzewska, Napoleon Waszkiewicz, Lucyna Ostrowska
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the research was to assess the fatty acid content and atherogenicity of daily food rations in patients with recurrent depressive disorders in the aspect of risk of developing cardiovascular disease. METHODS: The study included 126 persons (62 persons with diagnosed recurrent depressive disorders and 64 healthy volunteers). A 24-hour recall was used in the quantitative assessment of the diet. Anthropometric and chemical measurements as well as body composition analysis were used to assess the nutritional status...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210013/the-relation-between-depressive-symptoms-and-self-care-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-type-2-in-kosovo
#3
Idriz Sopjani, Shemsedin Vehapi, Daut Gorani, Miradije Imeri, Sidita Vitoja, Shqipe Tahiri
BACKGROUND: The depression is a significant problem in patients with diabetes. This research is the first of it's kind conducted in the Republic of Kosovo to determine the prevalence of depression diagnosed in people with diabetes mellitus type 2 (DMT2) and interrelation between depressive symptoms and behavior of diabetes self-care (glucose monitoring, exercise, diet, and self- health care). METHODS: Research was conducted in the University Clinical Center of Kosovo (UCCK), in Pristine...
December 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209104/impact-of-gluten-free-diet-on-quality-of-life-in-celiac-patients
#4
R Borghini, M Di Tola, E Salvi, C Isonne, M Puzzono, M Marino, G Donato, A Picarelli
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Celiac disease (CD) is a common gluten-related disorder, whose only treatment is a gluten-free diet (GFD). Since a unique view on psychological consequences of a GFD still lacks, our aim was to assess the quality of life (QoL) and the depression state in symptomatic CD patients after GFD. Socio-demographic features were considered. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 210 adult CD patients were recruited and divided into 3 groups : 70 newly diagnosed patients (​Group A​),70 patients who have been on GFD for 6-12 months (​Group B​), and 70 patients who have been on GFD for more than 12 months (​Group C​)...
September 2016: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207316/calcium-sulfate-dihydrate-urolithiasis-in-a-pet-rabbit
#5
Jaroslav Kucera, Tamara Koristkova, Barbora Gottwaldova, Vladimir Jekl
CASE DESCRIPTION A 3-year-old sexually intact male rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) was evaluated because of a 1-day history of signs of anorexia and depression. CLINICAL FINDINGS Clinical examination revealed signs of depression, hunched posture, low skin elasticity (suggesting dehydration), slightly distended abdomen, and penile and preputial edema. The owner reported that the rabbit had been fed a routine diet, received water via a sipper bottle, and was allowed free movement around the home. It had been observed by the owner to bite and chew gypsum-based plaster from the walls of the home...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199037/stability-and-change-in-patterns-of-eating-disorder-symptoms-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#6
Carolyn M Pearson, Jonathan Miller, Diann M Ackard, Katie A Loth, Melanie M Wall, Ann F Haynos, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
Using a community adolescent sample, we aimed to (a) empirically derive eating disorder (ED) symptom groups, (b) examine the longitudinal stability of those groups over 10 years, and (c) identify risk factors associated with ED group stability and transition through young adulthood. Young people (N = 2,287) from the Project EAT cohort participated at baseline (1998-1999) and at 10-year follow-up (2008-2009). Participants completed anthropometric measures at baseline and self-report surveys on disordered eating symptoms and risk factors at both time points...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193461/gill-structural-integrity-changes-in-fish-deficient-or-excessive-in-dietary-isoleucine-towards-the-modulation-of-tight-junction-protein-inflammation-apoptosis-and-antioxidant-defense-via-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-tor-and-nrf2-signaling-pathways
#7
Lin Feng, Lu Gan, Wei-Dan Jiang, Pei Wu, Yang Liu, Jun Jiang, Ling Tang, Sheng-Yao Kuang, Wu-Neng Tang, Yong-An Zhang, Xiao-Qiu Zhou
This study firstly aimed to test the impact of dietary isoleucine (Ile) on tight junction protein, inflammation, apoptosis, antioxidant defense and related signaling molecule gene expression in the gill of fish. Young grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) (weighing 256.8 ± 3.5 g) were fed six diets containing graded levels of Ile, namely, 3.8, 6.6, 9.3, 12.5, 15.2 and 18.5 g/kg diet for 8 weeks. The results firstly revealed that Ile deficiency down-regulated the mRNA expressions of claudin-3, claudin-b, claudin-c, occludin and zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) and up-regulated the mRNA expression of claudin-12, which led to the intercellular structure damage of fish gill...
February 11, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193308/review-exogenous-butyrate-implications-for-the-functional-development-of-ruminal-epithelium-and-calf-performance
#8
B Niwińska, E Hanczakowska, M B Arciszewski, R Klebaniuk
The importance of the use of exogenous butyrate in calves' diets is due to its role as a factor stimulating the functional development of ruminal epithelium and improving calf performance during the transition from preruminant to ruminant status. Our review will first present results related to effects of the administration of butyrate in calves' diets on the development of ruminal epithelium toward a more effective absorption and metabolism of fermentation products from the rumen. The introduction of sodium butyrate at a level of about 0...
February 14, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193086/association-between-inflammatory-potential-of-diet-and-stress-levels-in-adolescent-women-in-iran
#9
Nitin Shivappa, James R Hebert, Bahram Rashidkhani
BACKGROUND: The relation between diet and stress has not been widely explored. In this study, we examined the association between the inflammatory potential of diet and levels of stress among adolescent girls in Iran. METHODS: A total of 299 adolescent girls aged 15-18 years were recruited during 2014-2015. Stress was assessed using the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS)-21 scale. Data were analyzed as continuous DASS scores and as a dichotomous outcome with a cut-off value of 9...
February 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192753/dietary-patterns-in-french-home-living-older-adults-results-from-the-prause-study
#10
C Ferrand, C Féart, G Martinent, C Albinet, N André, M Audiffren
The aim of the present study was to provide descriptive dietary patterns of home-living older adults, and to examine their association with sociodemographic and 'diet-related' variables, and health and psychological factors. Dietary patterns were analyzed using separately cluster analysis for men (N=151,Mage=72.72, SD=8.80, range=56-97) and women (N=251, Mage=76.74, SD=9.95, range=55-97) in 402 older adults aged 55 years and over. Cluster analyses showed four distinct dietary profiles for each gender. In older men, the four distinct dietary clusters were associated with any differences in sociodemographic and diet-related variables, cognitive function, and health and psychological factors...
January 31, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192254/effect-of-dietary-phosphorus-deficiency-on-the-growth-immune-function-and-structural-integrity-of-head-kidney-spleen-and-skin-in-young-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idella
#11
Kang Chen, Wei-Dan Jiang, Pei Wu, Yang Liu, Sheng-Yao Kuang, Ling Tang, Wu-Neng Tang, Yong-An Zhang, Xiao-Qiu Zhou, Lin Feng
This study evaluates the effects of dietary phosphorus on the growth, immune function and structural integrity (head kidney, spleen and skin) of young grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) that were fed graded levels of available phosphorus (0.95-8.75 g/kg diet). Results indicated that phosphorus deficiency decreased the growth performance of young grass carp. In addition, the results first demonstrated that compared with the optimal phosphorus level, phosphorus deficiency depressed the lysozyme (LZ) and acid phosphatase (ACP) activities and the complement 3 (C3), C4 and immunoglobulin M (IgM) contents, and down-regulated the mRNA levels of antimicrobial peptides, anti-inflammatory cytokines, inhibitor of κBα (IκBα) and target of rapamycin (TOR), whereas it up-regulated pro-inflammatory cytokines, nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) p65 and NF-κB p52 mRNA levels to decrease fish head kidney and spleen immune functions...
February 10, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188045/treatment-issues-for-children-with-epilepsy-transitioning-to-adult-care
#12
REVIEW
Rima Nabbout, Carol S Camfield, Danielle M Andrade, Alexis Arzimanoglou, Catherine Chiron, Joyce A Cramer, Jacqueline A French, Eric Kossoff, Marco Mula, Peter R Camfield
This is the third of three papers that summarize the second symposium on Transition in Epilepsies held in Paris in June 2016. This paper focuses on treatment issues that arise during the course of childhood epilepsy and make the process of transition to adult care more complicated. Some AEDs used during childhood, such as stiripentol, vigabatrin, and cannabidiol, are unfamiliar to adult epilepsy specialists. In addition, new drugs are being developed for treatment of specific childhood onset epilepsy syndromes and have no indication yet for adults...
February 7, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184199/oxidative-modification-in-the-salivary-glands-of-high-fat-diet-induced-insulin-resistant-rats
#13
Urszula Kołodziej, Mateusz Maciejczyk, Agnieszka Miąsko, Jan Matczuk, Małgorzata Knaś, Piotr Żukowski, Małgorzata Żendzian-Piotrowska, Jan Borys, Anna Zalewska
Still little is known about the role of oxidative stress (OS) in the pathogenesis of the salivary gland dysfunction in the course of insulin resistance (IR). To induce IR rats was fed with a high fat diet (HFD) during 8 weeks. Stimulated and non-stimulated salivary flow rate, total protein, as well as oxidative damage markers: 4-HNE protein adduct, 8-isoprostanes (8-isoP), 8-hydroxy-D-guanosine (8-OHdG), advanced oxidation protein product (AOPP), and protein carbonyls (PC) were determined in the plasma and submandibular and parotid glands of IR and control rats...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178022/the-impact-of-essential-fatty-acid-b-vitamins-vitamin-c-magnesium-and-zinc-supplementation-on-stress-levels-in-women-a-systematic-review
#14
Delia McCabe, Karolina Lisy, Craig Lockwood, Marc Colbeck
BACKGROUND: Women juggling multiple roles in our complex society are increasingly experiencing psychological stress. Dietary supplementation to manage stress is widespread despite limited supporting evidence. A systematic review of the available literature was undertaken to investigate the efficacy of specific dietary supplements in managing female stress and anxiety. OBJECTIVES: To identify the impact of essential fatty acids (EFAs), B vitamins, vitamin C, magnesium and/or zinc, consumed as dietary supplements to the daily diet, on female stress and anxiety levels...
February 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177354/dietary-supplementation-with-tributyrin-prevented-weaned-pigs-from-growth-retardation-and-lethal-infection-via-modulation-of-inflammatory-cytokines-production-ileal-expression-and-intestinal-acetate-fermentation
#15
Y Gu, Y Song, H Yin, S Lin, X Zhang, L Che, Y Lin, S Xu, B Feng, D Wu, Z Fang
Weanling pigs, with an underdeveloped intestine and immature immune system, are usually subjected to depressed feed intake, growth retardation, and postweaning diarrhea. The aim of this study was to determine 1) the growth response of weaned pigs to supplemental tributyrin (TB) and 2) the potential effects and mechanisms of TB in modulating immune responses of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-challenged piglets. A total of 240 piglets (Duroc × Large White × Landrace) were weaned at 21 d of age to a control (basal diet), supplemented with antibiotics (AB; +AB), supplemented with TB (+TB), or with supplemental AB and TB (+AB+TB) diets, with 10 replicate pens (6 piglets/pen) per diet...
January 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173690/the-impact-of-the-financial-crisis-on-lifestyle-health-determinants-among-older-adults-living-in-the-mediterranean-region-the-multinational-medis-study-2005-2015
#16
Alexandra Foscolou, Stefanos Tyrovolas, George Soulis, Anargiros Mariolis, Suzanne Piscopo, Giuseppe Valacchi, Foteini Anastasiou, Christos Lionis, Akis Zeimbekis, Josep-Antoni Tur, Vassiliki Bountziouka, Dimitra Tyrovola, Efthimios Gotsis, George Metallinos, Antonia-Leda Matalas, Evangelos Polychronopoulos, Labros Sidossis, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos
Objectives: By the end of the 2000s, the economic situation in many European countries started to deteriorate, generating financial uncertainty, social insecurity and worse health status. The aim of the present study was to investigate how the recent financial crisis has affected the lifestyle health determinants and behaviours of older adults living in the Mediterranean islands. Methods: From 2005 to 2015, a population-based, multi-stage convenience sampling method was used to voluntarily enrol 2749 older adults (50% men) from 20 Mediterranean islands and the rural area of the Mani peninsula...
January 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168645/everything-in-moderation-moderate-use-of-screens-unassociated-with-child-behavior-problems
#17
Christopher J Ferguson
The impact of children's use of "screen" media including television and computer games, continues to be debated. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) until recently recommended a relatively restrictive screen time diet of 2 h or less for most youth. A representative correlational sample of youth were assessed for links between screen time and risky behavioral outcomes. Data collection occurred in 2013 conducted by the State of Florida. Use of screens that was moderately high, in excess of the AAP's former recommendations, but not excessive (1 SD or higher than average), was not associated with delinquency, risky behaviors, sexual behaviors, substance abuse, reduced grades or mental health problems...
February 7, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167224/hypercholesterolemia-causes-psychomotor-abnormalities-in-mice-and-alterations-in-cortico-striatal-biogenic-amine-neurotransmitters-relevance-to-parkinson-s-disease
#18
Rajib Paul, Amarendranath Choudhury, Dulal Chandra Boruah, Rajlakshmi Devi, Pallab Bhattacharya, Manabendra Dutta Choudhury, Anupom Borah
The symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD) include motor behavioral abnormalities, which appear as a result of the extensive loss of the striatal biogenic amine, dopamine. Various endogenous molecules, including cholesterol, have been put forward as putative contributors in the pathogenesis of PD. Earlier reports have provided a strong link between the elevated level of plasma cholesterol (hypercholesterolemia) and onset of PD. However, the role of hypercholesterolemia on brain functions in terms of neurotransmitter metabolism and associated behavioral manifestations remain elusive...
February 3, 2017: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163851/a-systematic-review-of-the-relationship-between-dystemprament-sue-mizaj-and-treatments-and-management-of-diseases-ilaj-and-eslah-e-mizaj
#19
REVIEW
Sepide Miraj, Samira Alesaeidi, Sara Kiani
BACKGROUND: Temperament refers to four different humors differentiating in individuals and, as a result, proposes specific therapy for diseases as well as special types of management (avoidance). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to overview the relationship between dystemprament and treatment and management of diseases. METHODS: A computerized search of published articles was performed using PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Medline databases as well as local sources from 1965 to 2016...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163836/how-far-cardio-metabolic-and-psychological-factors-affect-salt-sensitivity-in-normotensive-adult-population
#20
Masoumeh Sadeghi, Hamidreza Roohafza, Masoud Pourmoghaddas, Omid Behnamfar, Zahra Pourmoghaddas, Ebrahim Heidari, Zahra Mahjoor, Mehdi Mousavi, Ahmad Bahonar, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
AIM: To evaluate the prevalence of salt sensitivity and the impact of cardiometabolic and psychological characteristics on salt sensitivity in normotensive population. METHODS: Of all participants, anthropometric measurements and fasting venous blood samples were collected, and study questionnaires were completed. Salt Sensitivity was defined based on the difference in mean arterial pressure with infusion of 2 L of normal saline followed by a low sodium diet and administration of three doses of oral furosemide the day after...
January 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
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