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Exercise depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040646/statins-affect-skeletal-muscle-performance-evidence-for-disturbances-in-energy-metabolism
#1
Neeltje A E Allard, Tom J J Schirris, Rebecca J Verheggen, Frans G M Russel, Richard J Rodenburg, Jan A M Smeitink, Paul D Thompson, Maria T E Hopman, Silvie Timmers
Context: Statin myopathy is linked to disturbances in mitochondrial function and exercise intolerance. Objectives: To determine whether differences exist in exercise performance, muscle function and mitochondrial oxidative capacity and content between symptomatic and asymptomatic statin users, and non-statin using controls. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Department of Physiology of the Radboud University Medical Center...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035098/quality-of-life-and-subjective-health-status-according-to-handgrip-strength-in-the-elderly-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Yeunhee Kwak, Yoonjung Kim
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine potential associations between handgrip strength and health-related quality of life, or subjective health status, in the elderly. METHOD: We performed secondary data analysis on 2377 elderly individuals aged >65 years. Raw data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey VI (2014-2015), were drawn from a representative national sample. RESULTS: Of those aged ≥65 years or older, 25...
October 16, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033604/chronic-pain-and-adult-hippocampal-neurogenesis-translational-implications-from-preclinical-studies
#3
Mariagrazia Grilli
Adult hippocampal neurogenesis (ahNG) occurs in the human brain. Adult generated neurons have been proposed to functionally contribute to relevant hippocampal functions such as learning and memory, mood regulation, and stress response. Learning, environmental enrichment, and physical exercise exert positive effects on ahNG. In parallel, these proneurogenic stimuli have been shown to ameliorate cognitive performance and/or depressive-like behavior in animal models. Conversely, aging, social isolation, and chronic stress exert negative effects on ahNG...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024954/physical-activity-a-primary-health-quality-determinant-among-community-dwelling-geriatric-women-in-taiwan
#4
Ching Hwa Hsu, Heng-Hsin Tung, Daniel L Clinciu, Liang-Kung Chen, Wei-Hsian Yin, Usman Iqbal, Tsae-Jyy Wang
Objective: To investigate the associations between frailty, physical activity and depression in community-dwelling geriatric women. Design: A cross-sectional research design. Setting: Community geriatric women in Illan County, Taiwan. Study participants: Of note 216 participants, 65 years and older with full mobility, independent and able to communicate in Mandarin or Taiwanese Hokkien. Main Outcome Measures: An average weekly physical activity score International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form (IPAQ-SF) and Taiwan Geriatric Depression Scale...
August 19, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022251/genetic-and-environmental-relationships-between-eating-behavior-and-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression
#5
Yun-Mi Song, Kayoung Lee, Joohon Sung
PURPOSE: To assess gender-specific genetic and environmental correlations between depressive and anxiety symptoms, and concurrent and follow-up eating behavior in Korean twins and their family members. METHODS: Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory were used to measure depressive and anxiety symptoms in subjects. To assess concurrent and follow-up relationships of the symptoms with eating behavior domains (restrained, emotional, and external eating), the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire was administered to 2359 subjects at baseline (men, 48...
October 11, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019642/spine-conditions-occupational-spine-conditions
#6
Marc A Childress
Neck and back conditions have significant effects on employee health and productivity. More than $7 billion in lost revenue in the United States annually can be attributed to workplace back pain among employees ages 40 to 65 years. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, in 2012 back pain was the most prevalent musculoskeletal condition resulting in workplace absenteeism. The incidence of these conditions is higher among individuals in certain professions, such as bus drivers, police officers, and correctional officers...
October 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994200/a-nonpharmacological-approach-to-improve-sleep-quality-in-older-adults
#7
Iris Rawtaer, Rathi Mahendran, Hui Yu Chan, Feng Lei, Ee Heok Kua
OBJECTIVES: Poor sleep quality is highly prevalent among older adults and is associated with poor quality of life, cognitive and physical decline, depression, and increased mortality. Medication options commonly used are not ideal, and alternative treatment strategies are needed. We evaluate a community-based psychosocial intervention program and its effect on sleep quality in older adults. METHOD: Elderly participants aged 60 and above were included. Those with Geriatric Depression Scale and Geriatric Anxiety Inventory scores above 5 and 10, respectively, were excluded...
October 10, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993747/the-use-of-virtual-reality-facilitates-dialectical-behavior-therapy%C3%A2-observing-sounds-and-visuals-mindfulness-skills-training-exercises-for-a-latino-patient-with-severe-burns-a-case-study
#8
Jocelyn Gomez, Hunter G Hoffman, Steven L Bistricky, Miriam Gonzalez, Laura Rosenberg, Mariana Sampaio, Azucena Garcia-Palacios, Maria V Navarro-Haro, Wadee Alhalabi, Marta Rosenberg, Walter J Meyer, Marsha M Linehan
Sustaining a burn injury increases an individual's risk of developing psychological problems such as generalized anxiety, negative emotions, depression, acute stress disorder, or post-traumatic stress disorder. Despite the growing use of Dialectical Behavioral Therapy® (DBT®) by clinical psychologists, to date, there are no published studies using standard DBT® or DBT® skills learning for severe burn patients. The current study explored the feasibility and clinical potential of using Immersive Virtual Reality (VR) enhanced DBT® mindfulness skills training to reduce negative emotions and increase positive emotions of a patient with severe burn injuries...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992856/cancer-related-fatigue-in-cancer-survivorship
#9
REVIEW
Chidinma C Ebede, Yongchang Jang, Carmen P Escalante
Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) significantly interferes with usual functioning because of the distressing sense of physical, emotional, and cognitive exhaustion. Assessment of CRF is important and should be performed during the initial cancer diagnosis, throughout cancer treatment, and after treatment using a fatigue scoring scale (mild-severe). The general approach to CRF management applies to cancer survivors at all fatigue levels and includes education, counseling, and other strategies. Nonpharmacologic interventions include psychosocial interventions, exercise, yoga, physically based therapy, dietary management, and sleep therapy...
November 2017: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992584/ogt-related-mitochondrial-motility-is-associated-with-sex-differences-and-exercise-effects-in-depression-induced-by-prenatal-exposure-to-glucocorticoids
#10
Weina Liu, Hongmei Wang, Xiangli Xue, Jie Xia, Jiatong Liu, Zhengtang Qi, Liu Ji
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to glucocorticoids (GCs) has been found to trigger abnormal behaviors and deleterious neurological effects on offspring both in animals and in humans. The sex differences in depression have been replicated in numerous studies across cultures, persisting throughout the reproductive years. As an X-linked gene in rodents and in humans, O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) may provide a novel perspective for the sex differences in depression. METHODS: In the last third of pregnancy (gestational day 14-21), rats were subcutaneously administered either 0...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990665/transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-tens-for-fibromyalgia-in-adults
#11
REVIEW
Mark I Johnson, Leica S Claydon, G Peter Herbison, Gareth Jones, Carole A Paley
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is characterised by persistent, widespread pain; sleep problems; and fatigue. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is the delivery of pulsed electrical currents across the intact surface of the skin to stimulate peripheral nerves and is used extensively to manage painful conditions. TENS is inexpensive, safe, and can be self-administered. TENS reduces pain during movement in some people so it may be a useful adjunct to assist participation in exercise and activities of daily living...
October 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989344/the-role-of-physical-activity-enjoyment-on-the-acute-mood-experience-of-exercise-among-smokers-with-elevated-depressive-symptoms
#12
Ana M Abrantes, Samantha G Farris, Sarah L Garnaat, Alexia Minto, Richard A Brown, Lawrence H Price, Lisa A Uebelacker
PROBLEM: Depressive symptoms are consistently shown to be related to poor smoking cessation outcomes. Aerobic exercise is a potential treatment augmentation that, given its antidepressant and mood enhancing effect, may bolster cessation outcomes for smokers with elevated depressive symptoms. Lower enjoyment of physical activity may inhibit the acute mood enhancing effects of aerobic exercise. The current study investigated the associations between depressive symptoms, physical activity enjoyment and the acute mood experience from exercise among low-active smokers with elevated depressive symptoms...
March 2017: Mental Health and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988547/systematic-review-of-the-efficacy-of-non-pharmacological-interventions-in-people-with-lewy-body-dementia
#13
Hamilton Morrin, Ton Fang, Donald Servant, Dag Aarsland, Anto P Rajkumar
BACKGROUND: Pharmacological interventions for Lewy body dementia (LBD), especially for its non-cognitive symptoms, are limited in their efficacy and tolerability. Clinicians are often uncertain about non-pharmacological interventions and their efficacy in managing cognitive and non-cognitive symptoms of LBD. Therefore, we aimed to systematically review the existing literature on non-pharmacological interventions for people with LBD. METHODS: We carried out a systematic search using six databases...
October 9, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987079/effectiveness-of-biofield-therapy-for-patients-diagnosed-with-fibromyalgia
#14
Fernando Sarmento, Hideaki Tanaka, Eduarda Cordeiro, Kiyoshi Suzuki
Context • Fibromyalgia (FM) is a disorder with an unknown etiology; symptoms include physical and psychological stress, widespread chronic pain, insomnia, and depression. Mind-body medicine and aerobic exercise have shown positive effects for symptom control. Several studies have reported positive effects for biofield therapy for FM, but when other studies have compared the treatment with a sham control, they have not found those beneficial effects. Objective • The study intended to examine the effects of a biofield therapy called Okada purifying therapy on patients' FM symptoms...
October 2, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984486/exergames-vs-traditional-exercise-investigating-the-influencing-mechanism-of-platform-effect-on-subthreshold-depression-among-older-adults
#15
Jinhui Li, Yin-Leng Theng, Schubert Foo, Xuexin Xu
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the influencing mechanism of exercise platform effect on subthreshold depression among older adults by comparing exergames and traditional exercise. METHOD: One hundred and two Singaporean older adults were assigned to either playing Wii exergames or performing traditional exercise programs once a week, for six weeks. RESULTS: Results confirmed a direct negative platform effect on subthreshold depression and further supported the mediation role of positive emotions in the platform effect...
October 6, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982298/combining-therapeutic-approaches-rtms-and-aerobic-exercise-in-post-stroke-depression-a-case-series
#16
Catherine J VanDerwerker, Ryan E Ross, Katy H Stimpson, Aaron E Embry, Stacey E Aaron, Brian Cence, Mark S George, Chris M Gregory
Objective and importance Residual effects of stroke include well-documented functional limitations and high prevalence of depression. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and aerobic exercise (AEx) are established techniques that improve depressive symptoms, but a combination of the two has yet to be reported. The purpose of this case series is to examine the safety, feasibility, and impact of combined rTMS and AEx on post-stroke depression and functional mobility. Clinical presentation Three participants with a history of stroke and at least mild depressive symptoms (Patient Health Questionare-9 ≥5)...
October 6, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980479/depressive-symptoms-perceived-stress-self-efficacy-and-outcome-expectations-predict-fitness-among-adolescents-with-obesity
#17
Heather Tulloch, Adam Heenan, Shane Sweet, Gary S Goldfield, Glen P Kenny, Angela S Alberga, Ronald J Sigal
The objective of the present study was to test if outcome expectancy mediated the relationship between fitness and self-efficacy, perceived stress, and depressive symptoms.Adolescents with obesity ( n = 228) completed measures of perceived stress and depressive symptoms at baseline, self-efficacy and outcome expectancy at baseline and 3 months, and fitness at baseline and 6 months. Structural equation modeling was used to analyze the data. Results showed that self-efficacy was positively associated with fitness via outcome expectancies...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978361/genetic-and-environmental-relationships-between-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms-and-cardiovascular-risk-estimates-among-korean-twins-and-families
#18
Yun-Mi Song, Joohon Sung, Kayoung Lee
We aimed to assess shared genetic correlations of depressive and anxiety symptoms with concurrent and future estimated cardiovascular risk (CVR) score in Korean twins and family members. For the relationship with Adult Treatment Panel III CVR estimate in subjects aged 30-74 years (n = 1,059, baseline and follow-up after 3.2 ± 1.2 years), Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) and state and trait anxiety inventory (SAI and TAI) were measured at baseline. A mixed linear model for CVR scores at baseline and follow-up was applied to include depressive and anxiety symptoms, twin and family effects, income, education, alcohol use, exercise, body mass index, and baseline CVR score for follow-up analysis...
October 5, 2017: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975490/heart-rate-recovery-after-exercise-in-outpatients-with-coronary-heart-disease-role-of-depressive-symptoms-and-positive-affect
#19
Stefanie Stauber, Tina Rohrbach, Hugo Saner, Jean Paul Schmid, Johannes Grolimund, Roland von Känel
Heart rate recovery after 1 min of exercise cessation (HRR-1) is an important prognostic factor in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). We aimed to further elucidate the association between HRR-1 and known psychosocial risk factors in patients referred for comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation. We examined 521 patients with coronary heart disease in the first week of an outpatient cardiac rehabilitation program. Depressive and anxiety symptoms were measured with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and positive (PA) and negative affect were rated with the Global Mood Scale...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974492/one-to-two-hours-of-exercise-each-week-nearly-halves-long-term-risk-of-depression-finds-study
#20
Susan Mayor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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