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Exercise depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216283/association-between-exercise-type-and-quality-of-life-in-a-community-dwelling-older-people-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Sang-Ho Oh, Don-Kyu Kim, Shi-Uk Lee, Se Hee Jung, Sang Yoon Lee
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the effects of three major representative exercises (resistance, flexibility, and walking) on quality of life (QoL) in a population of community-dwelling older adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study used public data from the Sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2014 (n = 1,586 older people). Demographic factors, three types of exercise, five EuroQoL subsets (mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, anxiety/depression), and QoL scores (EQ-VAS) were investigated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215743/driven-exercise-in-the-absence-of-binge-eating-implications-for-purging-disorder
#2
Janet A Lydecker, Megan Shea, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: Purging disorder (PD) is characterized by recurrent purging without objectively large binge-eating episodes. PD has received relatively little attention, and questions remain about the clinical significance of "purging" by exercise that is driven or compulsive (i.e., as extreme compensatory or weight-control behavior). The little available research suggests that individuals who use exercise as a compensatory behavior might have less eating-disorder psychopathology than those who purge by vomiting or laxatives, but those studies have had smaller sample sizes, defined PD using low-frequency thresholds, and defined exercise without weight-compensatory or driven elements...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214392/modulation-of-specific-inhibitory-networks-in-fatigued-locomotor-muscles-of-healthy-males
#3
Stuart Goodall, Glyn Howatson, Kevin Thomas
Reduced maximal force capability of skeletal muscle, as a consequence of exercise, can be due to peripheral or central fatigue mechanisms. In upper-limb muscles, neuromuscular fatigue is concurrent with reduced corticospinal excitability and increased inhibition (lengthened corticospinal silent period [CSP]; reduced short-interval intracortical inhibition [SICI] ratio). However, it is unclear whether these adjustments occur in response to fatiguing exercise of locomotor muscles. This study examined the effect of fatiguing, maximal, knee-extensor exercise on motor cortical excitability and inhibition...
December 6, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213212/implementation-and-feasibility-of-the-stroke-nursing-guideline-in-the-care-of-patients-with-stroke-a-mixed-methods-study
#4
Ingibjörg Bjartmarz, Helga Jónsdóttir, Thóra B Hafsteinsdóttir
Background: Nurses often have difficulties with using interdisciplinary stroke guidelines for patients with stroke as they do not focus sufficiently on nursing. Therefore, the Stroke Nursing Guideline (SNG) was developed and implemented. The aim of this study was to determine the implementation and feasibility of the SNG in terms of changes in documentation and use of the guideline in the care of stroke patients on Neurological and Rehabilitation wards, barriers and facilitators, and nurses' and auxiliary nurses' view of the implementation...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210749/pulmonary-rehabilitation-for-patients-with-acute-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-exacerbations-is-the-evidence-strengthening
#5
Lissa Spencer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This manuscript aims to review the most recent evidence about the benefits of early pulmonary rehabilitation commenced during an acute exacerbation in people with COPD (AECOPD). RECENT FINDINGS: A number of RCTs and an observational study, published between 2015 and 2017, have used different exercise interventions compared with usual medical care in people with moderate-to-severe COPD during an AECOPD. The results show short-term improvement in walking distance, muscle strength, quality of life and anxiety and depression...
November 27, 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208478/pilot-testing-of-a-brief-couple-based-mind-body-intervention-for-patients-with-metastatic-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-and-their-partners
#6
Kathrin Milbury, Rosalinda Engle, Anne Tsao, Zhongxing Liao, April Owens, Alejandro Chaoul, Eduardo Bruera, Lorenzo Cohen
CONTEXT: Given the generally incurable nature of metastatic lung cancer, patients and their spouses/partners are at risk for psychological and spiritual distress. To address this concern, we developed a couple-based mind-body (CBMB) intervention. OBJECTIVES: This formative research was aimed at examining the intervention's acceptability and initial efficacy in patients with metastatic lung cancer undergoing treatment and their spouses. METHODS: Intervention content evaluation sessions and an ensuing single-arm trial were conducted...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207962/a-partially-supervised-physical-activity-program-for-adult-and-adolescent-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-surfit-study-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-nct02730767
#7
Corina S Rueegg, Susi Kriemler, Simeon J Zuercher, Christina Schindera, Andrea Renner, Helge Hebestreit, Christian Meier, Prisca Eser, Nicolas X von der Weid
BACKGROUND: Beyond survival of nowadays >80%, modern childhood cancer treatment strives to preserve long-term health and quality of life. However, the majority of today's survivors suffer from short- and long-term adverse effects such as cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases, obesity, osteoporosis, fatigue, depression, and reduced physical fitness and quality of life. Regular exercise can play a major role to mitigate or prevent such late-effects. Despite this, there are no data on the effects of regular exercise in childhood cancer survivors from randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
December 5, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206627/promoting-physical-activity-in-copd-insights-from-a-randomized-trial-of-a-web-based-intervention-and-pedometer-use
#8
Emily S Wan, Ana Kantorowski, Diana Homsy, Merilee Teylan, Reema Kadri, Caroline R Richardson, David R Gagnon, Eric Garshick, Marilyn L Moy
RATIONALE: Low physical activity is highly prevalent among COPD patients and is associated with increased healthcare utilization and mortality and reduced HRQL. The addition of a website to pedometer use is effective at increasing physical activity; however, the timeline of change and impact of environmental factors on efficacy is unknown. METHODS: U.S. Veterans with COPD were randomized (1:1) to receive either (1) a pedometer and website which provided goal-setting, feedback, disease-specific education, and an online community forum or (2) pedometer alone for 3 months...
September 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204954/chronic-fluoxetine-induces-activity-changes-in-recovery-from-poststroke-anxiety-depression-and-cognitive-impairment
#9
Faranak Vahid-Ansari, Paul R Albert
Poststroke depression (PSD) is a common outcome of stroke that limits recovery and is only partially responsive to chronic antidepressant treatment. In order to elucidate changes in the cortical-limbic circuitry associated with PSD and its treatment, we examined a novel mouse model of persistent PSD. Focal endothelin-1-induced ischemia of the left medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) in male C57BL6 mice resulted in a chronic anxiety and depression phenotype. Here, we show severe cognitive impairment in spatial learning and memory in the stroke mice...
December 4, 2017: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204709/modality-of-exercise-influences-rate-of-decrease-in-depression-for-cancer-survivors-with-elevated-depressive-symptomatology
#10
Gregory T Levin, Kenneth M Greenwood, Favil Singh, Robert U Newton
PURPOSE: This three-arm feasibility controlled trial examined whether different exercise modalities provide reductions in depression symptoms to cancer survivors with elevated depression. METHODS: Thirty-two participants (58.9 ± 9.4 years) were allocated to a 12-week supervised exercise group (EX; n = 10), a self-managed home-based exercise group (SMHB; n = 8), or a usual care control group (CONT; n = 14). EX performed two supervised resistance and aerobic sessions per week...
December 4, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204111/stereological-study-on-the-positive-effect-of-running-exercise-on-the-capillaries-in-the-hippocampus-in-a-depression-model
#11
Linmu Chen, Chunni Zhou, Chuanxue Tan, Feifei Wang, Yuan Gao, Chunxia Huang, Yi Zhang, Lin Jiang, Yong Tang
Running exercise is an effective method to improve depressive symptoms when combined with drugs. However, the underlying mechanisms are not fully clear. Cerebral blood flow perfusion in depressed patients is significantly lower in the hippocampus. Physical activity can achieve cerebrovascular benefits. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impacts of running exercise on capillaries in the hippocampal CA1 and dentate gyrus (DG) regions. The chronic unpredictable stress (CUS) depression model was used in this study...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203753/-definition-and-treatment-of-stroke-over-the-centuries
#12
Anna Starostka-Tatar, Beata Łabuz-Roszak, Michał Skrzypek, Mariusz Gąsior, Marek Gierlotka
Stroke was already diagnosed in the ancient times. For hundreds of years the treatment of this disease has changed radically. According to the current WHO definition, stroke is a clinical syndrome caused by focal or generalized brain injury that lasts more than 24 hours or leads to death and has no other cause than vascular. Stroke constitutes a big social and economic problem, as it can lead to death or disability. In the highly developed countries stroke is the third most common cause of adult deaths, the second leading cause of dementia, and the most common cause of disability...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202085/body-weight-misperception-and-psychological-distress-among-young-south-korean-adults-the-role-of-physical-activity
#13
Eun-Young Lee, Maxine Myre, Jongnam Hwang, Heeran Chun, Eunchul Seo, Roman Pabayo, John C Spence
Background: Emerging evidence suggests that body weight misperception may be associated with psychological distress among people in developed countries. Participating in physical activity (PA) may negate the association between weight misperception and psychological distress given the well-known benefits of PA on psychological health. This study examined the role of PA in associations between body weight misperception and psychological distress among young South Korean adults. Methods: Data from individuals aged 20 to 39 years who participated in the Fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 2010-2012 (N = 6055) was included in the logistic regressions...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199529/-in-the-sport-i-am-here-therapeutic-processes-and-health-effects-of-sport-and-exercise-on-ptsd
#14
Clemens Ley, María Rato Barrio, Andreas Koch
Current evidence suggests positive effects of exercise on posttraumatic stress symptoms; however, knowledge about how these effects are achieved is limited. Thus, this study aims to contribute to a more holistic understanding of these effects. We performed a single case study of a war and torture survivor, who was diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression, and who was participant of the sport and exercise therapy program Movi Kune. Participant observation was conducted as well as semi-structured interviews with the participant and his psychotherapist...
December 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199362/self-management-interventions-for-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review
#15
Lauren Boland, Kathleen Bennett, Deirdre Connolly
PURPOSE: Many cancer survivors experience problems with persisting symptoms such as pain, fatigue, anxiety and depression post-treatment. Self-management interventions are recommended for cancer patients as they can help individuals identify and manage these continuing symptoms. This systematic review examines the type, content and impact of self-management interventions for cancer survivors on health outcomes such as activity participation, self-efficacy, quality of life and symptom management...
December 4, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198044/lifestyle-factors-and-social-ties-associated-with-the-frequency-of-laughter-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-fukushima-health-management-survey
#16
Mayumi Hirosaki, Tetsuya Ohira, Seiji Yasumura, Masaharu Maeda, Hirooki Yabe, Mayumi Harigane, Hideto Takahashi, Michio Murakami, Yuriko Suzuki, Hironori Nakano, Wen Zhang, Mayu Uemura, Masafumi Abe, Kenji Kamiya
PURPOSE: Although mental health problems such as depression after disasters have been reported, positive psychological factors after disasters have not been examined. Recently, the importance of positive affect to our health has been recognised. We therefore investigated the frequency of laughter and its related factors among residents of evacuation zones after the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study on 52,320 participants aged 20 years and older who were included in the Fukushima Health Management Survey in Japan's fiscal year 2012, associations of the frequency of laughter with changes in lifestyle after the disaster, such as a changed work situation, the number of family members, and the number of address changes, and other sociodemographic, psychological, and lifestyle factors were examined using logistic regression analysis...
December 2, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197403/setting-priorities-for-knowledge-translation-of-cochrane-reviews-for-health-equity-evidence-for-equity
#17
Peter Tugwell, Jennifer Petkovic, Vivian Welch, Jennifer Vincent, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Rachel Churchill, Don deSavigny, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Tomas Pantoja
BACKGROUND: A focus on equity in health can be seen in many global development goals and reports, research and international declarations. With the development of a relevant framework and methods, the Campbell and Cochrane Equity Methods Group has encouraged the application of an 'equity lens' to systematic reviews, and many organizations publish reviews intended to address health equity. The purpose of the Evidence for Equity (E4E) project was to conduct a priority-setting exercise and apply an equity lens by developing a knowledge translation product comprising summaries of systematic reviews from the Cochrane Library...
December 2, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197204/effect-of-hbm-rehabilitation-exercises-on-depression-anxiety-and-health-belief-in-elderly-patients-with-osteoporotic-fracture
#18
Ming Zhang
BACKGROUND: Guided by the health belief model (HBM), this study provided elderly patients with osteoporotic fracture with health education concerning osteoporosis (OP) prevention, carried out rehabilitation exercises based on HBM, and evaluated the intervention effect of HBM rehabilitation exercises, to offer a scientific basis for improving the prognosis of elderly patients with OP fracture. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 162 elderly patients with OP fracture treated in three third-grade general hospitals of Jiangsu Province from January 2016 to September 2016 participated in this study...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196383/opioid-analgesic-use-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-an-analysis-of-the-prospective-study-of-outcomes-in-an-ankylosing-spondylitis-cohort
#19
Jonathan D Dau, MinJae Lee, Michael M Ward, Lianne S Gensler, Matthew A Brown, Thomas J Learch, Laura A Diekman, Amirali Tahanan, Mohammad H Rahbar, Michael H Weisman, John D Reveille
OBJECTIVE: Opioid analgesics may be prescribed to ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients with pain that is unresponsive to antirheumatic treatment. Our study assessed factors associated with opioid usage in AS. METHODS: A prospective cohort of 706 patients with AS meeting modified New York criteria followed at least 2 years underwent comprehensive clinical evaluation of disease activity and functional impairment. These were assessed by the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) and Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI)...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186973/exercise-for-cognitive-symptoms-in-depression-a-systematic-review-of-interventional-studies
#20
Meng Sun, Krista Lanctot, Nathan Herrmann, Damien Gallagher
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of exercise on cognition in depression as well as the impact of potential moderators and intervention type. METHOD: Controlled and uncontrolled interventional studies that described an exercise intervention and cognitive outcomes in participants with major depressive disorder (MDD) were included following a search of Pubmed, Ovid Medline, PsycInfo and Embase from inception to January 2017. Meta-analyses were conducted to calculate Hedges' g using a random-effects model...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
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