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Exercise depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455794/effect-of-ventricular-function-and-volumes-on-exercise-capacity-in-adults-with-repaired-tetralogy-of-fallot
#1
Natalia Dłużniewska, Piotr Podolec, Tomasz Miszalski-Jamka, Maciej Krupiński, Paweł Banyś, Małgorzata Urbańczyk, Bogdan Suder, Grzegorz Kopeć, Maria Olszowska, Lidia Tomkiewicz-Pająk
OBJECTIVES: Investigate the effects of left and right ventricular function and severity of pulmonary valve regurgitation, quantified by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), on exercise tolerance in adult patients who underwent ToF repair at a young age. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of 52 patients after ToF surgery and 33 age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers. CMR and cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) were performed on all patients; CPET was performed on control subjects...
January 2018: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450678/predicting-the-effectiveness-of-work-focused-cbt-for-common-mental-disorders-the-influence-of-baseline-self-efficacy-depression-and-anxiety
#2
Veerle Brenninkmeijer, Suzanne E Lagerveld, Roland W B Blonk, Wilmar B Schaufeli, Leoniek D N V Wijngaards-de Meij
Purpose This study examined who benefits most from a cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)-based intervention that aims to enhance return to work (RTW) among employees who are absent due to common mental disorders (CMDs) (e.g., depression, anxiety, or adjustment disorder). We researched the influence of baseline work-related self-efficacy and mental health (depressive complaints and anxiety) on treatment outcomes of two psychotherapeutic interventions. Methods Using a quasi-experimental design, 12-month follow-up data of 168 employees were collected...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450240/improving-cerebral-oxygenation-cognition-and-autonomic-nervous-system-control-of-a-chronic-alcohol-abuser-through-a-three-month-running-program
#3
Daniel Aranha Cabral, Kell Grandjean da Costa, Alexandre Hideki Okano, Hassan Mohamed Elsangedy, Vanessa Paula Rachetti, Eduardo Bodnariuc Fontes
The abusive use of alcohol has shown to be associated to cerebral damage, impaired cognition, poor autonomic nervous control, impaired cardiovascular health, increased levels of stress and anxiety, depression symptoms and poor quality of life. Aerobic exercise has shown to be an efficient tool to reduce and overcome these issues. In this case report, a patient (forty-four years old, male) under treatment in public psychiatric hospital, classified as having a substance use disorder, underwent a three-month running program...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449122/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-improving-postpartum-maternal-sleep-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Sawayra Owais, Cheryl H T Chow, Melissa Furtado, Benicio N Frey, Ryan J Van Lieshout
Evidence suggests that poor postpartum sleep quality is a risk factor for the development of postpartum depression. As such, non-pharmacological interventions have been developed to help improve sleep in the postpartum period. The primary aims of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to determine if non-pharmacological interventions improved maternal sleep and to compare the effectiveness of different intervention types. Secondary aims included examining effects on maternal mood and infant sleep. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Web of Science from their inceptions to September 2017 and found 15 eligible studies...
January 31, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447133/computerised-training-improves-cognitive-performance-in-chronic-pain-a-participant-blinded-randomised-active-controlled-trial-with-remote-supervision
#5
Katharine S Baker, Nellie Georgiou-Karistianis, Amit Lampit, Michael Valenzuela, Stephen J Gibson, Melita J Giummarra
Chronic pain is associated with reduced efficiency of cognitive performance, and few studies have investigated methods of remediation. We trialled a computerised cognitive training protocol to determine whether it could attenuate cognitive difficulties in a chronic pain sample. Thirty-nine adults with chronic pain (mean age = 43.3, 61.5% females) were randomised to an 8-week online course (3 sessions/week from home) of game-like cognitive training exercises, or an active control involving watching documentary videos...
January 11, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445271/immune-cell-response-to-strenuous-resistive-breathing-comparison-with-whole-body-exercise-and-the-effects-of-antioxidants
#6
Andreas Asimakos, Dimitrios Toumpanakis, Maria-Helena Karatza, Spyridoula Vasileiou, Paraskevi Katsaounou, Zafeiria Mastora, Theodoros Vassilakopoulos
Background/hypothesis: Whole body exercise (WBE) changes lymphocyte subset percentages in peripheral blood. Resistive breathing, a hallmark of diseases of airway obstruction, is a form of exercise for the inspiratory muscles. Strenuous muscle contractions induce oxidative stress that may mediate immune alterations following exercise. We hypothesized that inspiratory resistive breathing (IRB) alters peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets and that oxidative stress mediates lymphocyte subpopulation alterations following both WBE and IRB...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444712/physical-activity-as-treatment-for-alcohol-use-disorders-fitforchange-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Mats Hallgren, Victoria Andersson, Örjan Ekblom, Sven Andréasson
BACKGROUND: Help-seeking for alcohol use disorders (AUDs) is low and traditional treatments are often perceived as stigmatizing. Physical activity has positive effects on mental and physical health which could benefit this population. We propose to compare the effects of aerobic training, yoga, and usual care for AUDs in physically inactive Swedish adults. METHODS: This is a three-group, parallel, single-blind, randomized controlled trial (RCT). In total, 210 adults (aged 18-75 years) diagnosed with an AUD will be invited to participate in a 12-week intervention...
February 14, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441204/relationships-between-compulsive-exercise-quality-of-life-psychological-distress-and-motivation-to-change-in-adults-with-anorexia-nervosa
#8
Sarah Young, Stephen Touyz, Caroline Meyer, Jon Arcelus, Paul Rhodes, Sloane Madden, Kathleen Pike, Evelyn Attia, Ross D Crosby, Phillipa Hay
Background: For people with anorexia nervosa (AN), compulsive exercise is characterized by extreme concerns about the perceived negative consequences of stopping/reducing exercise, dysregulation of affect, and inflexible exercise routines. It is associated with increased eating disorder psychopathology and poor clinical outcome. However, its relationships with two important clinical issues, quality of life (QoL) and motivation to change, are currently unknown. This study aimed to assess the cross-sectional relationships between compulsive exercise, QoL, psychological distress (anxiety and depressive symptoms, and obsessive-compulsive traits) and motivation to change in patients with AN...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439556/mindfulness-based-baduanjin-exercise-for-depression-and-anxiety-in-people-with-physical-or-mental-illnesses-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Liye Zou, Albert Yeung, Xinfeng Quan, Stanley Sai-Chuen Hui, Xiaoyue Hu, Jessie S M Chan, Chaoyi Wang, Sean David Boyden, Li Sun, Huiru Wang
OBJECTIVES: we used a quantitative method to systematically synthesize the emerging literature and critically evaluate the effects of Baduanjin on depression and anxiety in people with physical or mental illnesses. Additionally, we determined if the number of total Baduanjin training sessions is associated with decreased anxiety and depression levels. METHODS: both English and Chinese databases were searched for potential studies published between January 1982 and October 2017...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437752/towards-high-quality-useful-practice-guidelines-for-child-and-youth-mental-health-disorders-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-consensus-exercise
#10
Kathryn Bennett, Stephanie Duda, Melissa Brouwers, Peter Szatmari, Amanda Newton, John McLennan, Purnima Sundar, Kristin Cleverley, Alice Charach, Joanna Henderson, Darren Courtney, Maureen Rice
INTRODUCTION: The quality of clinical practice guidelines (PGs) has not been evaluated in child and youth mental health (CYMH). To address this gap, we will: (1) conduct a systematic review (SR) to answer the question 'among eligible PGs relevant to the prevention or treatment of CYMH conditions, which PGs meet criteria for minimum and high quality?'; (2) apply nominal group methods to create recommendations for how CYMH PG quality, completeness and usefulness can be strengthened. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: SR: Potentially eligible PGs will be identified in 12 databases using a reproducible search strategy developed by a research librarian...
February 6, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436736/psychological-stress-induced-cerebrovascular-dysfunction-the-role-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-exercise
#11
Steven Brooks, Kayla Branyan, Evan DeVallance, Roy Skinner, Kent Lemaster, J Whitney Sheets, Christopher R Pitzer, Shinichi Asano, Randall Bryner, I Mark Olfert, Jefferson C Frisbee, Paul D Chantler
Chronic unresolvable stress leads to the development of depression and cardiovascular disease (CVD). There is a high prevalence of depression with the metabolic syndrome (MetS), however, to what extent the MetS concurrent with psychological stress affects cerebrovascular function is unknown. We investigated the differential effect of MetS on cerebrovascular structure/function in rats (16-17-wk-old) following 8 wk of unpredictable chronic mild stress (UCMS), and whether exercise training could limit any cerebrovascular dysfunction...
February 13, 2018: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435737/clinical-determinants-of-incremental-shuttle-walk-test-in-adults-with-bronchiectasis
#12
Sulenur Yildiz, Deniz Inal-Ince, Ebru Calik-Kutukcu, Naciye Vardar-Yagli, Melda Saglam, Hulya Arikan, Lutfi Coplu
INTRODUCTION: Exercise capacity is impaired in patients with bronchiectasis. Incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT) stresses cardiorespiratory system physiologically to symptom-limited maximal exercise capacity. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical determinants of ISWT in adults with non-cystic fibrosis (CF) bronchiectasis. METHODS: Forty-one clinically stable bronchiectasis patients aged 18-72 years (27 females, 14 males) participated in the study...
February 12, 2018: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432893/improvement-of-cognitive-functions-in-response-to-a-regular-nordic-walking-training-in-elderly-women-a-change-dependent-on-the-training-experience
#13
A Gmiąt, J Jaworska, K Micielska, J Kortas, K Prusik, K Prusik, M Lipowski, A Radulska, N Szupryczyńska, J Antosiewicz, E Ziemann
Although regular physical activity is known to benefit health of aging populations, there are still many factors, which regulate exercise-induced adaptive changes. Among many vitamin D and myokines are under consideration. We, therefore, evaluated the influence of a single session of and regular Nordic Walking (NW) training combined with vitamin D supplementation on cognitive functions and muscle strength and some elements of the amino-acid profile. Thirty-five healthy elderly women (68 ± 5 years old) from health promotion programmes took part in the study...
February 9, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432326/exercise-improves-physical-activity-and-comorbidities-in-obese-adults-with-asthma
#14
Patrícia Duarte Freitas, Aline Grandi Silva, Palmira Gabriele Ferreira, Analuci da Silva, João Marcos Salge, Regina Maria Carvalho-Pinto, Alberto Cukier, Claudia M Brito, Marcio C Mancini, Celso R F Carvalho
INTRODUCTION: Obese adults with asthma have an increased number of comorbidities and reduced daily life physical activity (DLPA), which may worsen asthma symptoms. Exercise is recommended to improve asthma outcomes; however, the benefits of exercise for psychosocial comorbidities and physical activity levels in obese adults with asthma have been poorly investigated. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of exercise on DLPA, asthma symptoms and psychosocial comorbidities in obese adults with asthma...
February 9, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427892/how-health-behaviors-link-romantic-relationship-dysfunction-and-physical-health-across-20-years-for-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#15
Patricia N E Roberson, Rebecca L Shorter, Sarah Woods, Jacob Priest
RATIONALE: There has been substantial research linking marital quality to physical health outcomes; however, the mechanisms linking marital quality and physical health have been studied less extensively, especially with longitudinal data. Of the hypothesized mechanisms, only psychological distress (anxiety/depression) and physiological mechanisms (inflammation) have been tested and confirmed. Health behaviors such as diet, exercise, smoking, drinking, and sleeping have not previously been examined as mechanisms linking marital quality and physical health...
February 3, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425951/a-novel-approach-to-challenging-ocd-related-beliefs-using-a-mobile-app-an-exploratory-study
#16
María Roncero, Amparo Belloch, Guy Doron
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: According to cognitive models, obsessive compulsive symptoms result from catastrophic misinterpretations of commonly occurring intrusive experiences and the use of counterproductive strategies to manage them. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) related beliefs such as inflated responsibility, importance of thoughts and perfectionism increases the likelihood of such misinterpretations. Consistent with a growing body of literature supporting the usefulness of mobile delivered technologies in fostering cognitive behavior change, the present study assessed the effectiveness of a novel cognitive training exercise designed to challenge OCD-related beliefs...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425407/the-importance-of-understanding-the-underlying-physiology-of-exercise-when-designing-exercise-interventions-for-brain-health
#17
Ashleigh E Smith, Ashlee M Hendy, Gavin D Tempest
The societal and economic costs of conditions associated with brain pathology (for example depression, dementia and stroke) are ever increasing. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
February 9, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423279/physiotherapy-for-people-with-mental-health-problems-in-sub-saharan-african-countries-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Michel Probst, James Mugisha
Background: There is a need for psychosocial interventions to address the escalating mental health burden in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Physiotherapists could have a central role in reducing the burden and facilitating recovery within the multidisciplinary care of people with mental health problems. The aim of this systematic review was to explore the role of physiotherapists within the current mental health policies of SSA countries and to explore the current research evidence for physiotherapy to improve functional outcomes in people with mental health problems in SSA...
2018: Archives of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422839/exercise-induced-fatigue-impairs-bidirectional-corticostriatal-synaptic-plasticity
#19
Jing Ma, Huimin Chen, Xiaoli Liu, Lingtao Zhang, Decai Qiao
Exercise-induced fatigue (EF) is a ubiquitous phenomenon in sports competition and training. It can impair athletes' motor skill execution and cognition. Corticostriatal synaptic plasticity is considered to be the cellular mechanism of movement control and motor learning. However, the effect of EF on corticostriatal synaptic plasticity remains elusive. In the present study, using field excitatory postsynaptic potential recording, we found that the corticostriatal long-term potentiation (LTP) and long-term depression (LTD) were both impaired in EF mice...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422181/playing-music-improves-well-being-of-oncology-nurses
#20
Stella Ploukou, Efharis Panagopoulou
BACKGROUND: Nurses experience high levels of stress associated with the demands of their workplace. Anxiety and depression symptoms are common in this occupational group and the necessity of supportive actions is vital. This is especially true for nurses working in high intensity and demanding settings such as oncology units. AIM: This study examined the effects of a music intervention on anxiety, depression, and psychosomatic symptoms of oncology nurses. METHODS: Forty-eight oncology nurses, were randomized to either an intervention group (n = 22) attending four consecutive weekly 1-h music classes or a control group with no intervention (n = 26) who maintained their usual lifestyle habits, for one month...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
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