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Exercise depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665017/prognostic-value-of-exercise-capacity-among-patients-with-treated-depression-the-henry-ford-exercise-testing-fit-project
#1
Amjad M Ahmed, Waqas T Qureshi, Sherif Sakr, Michael J Blaha, Clinton A Brawner, Jonathan K Ehrman, Steven J Keteyian, Mouaz H Al-Mallah
BACKGROUND: Exercise capacity is associated with survival in the general population. Whether this applies to patients with treated depression is not clear. HYPOTHESIS: High exercise capacity remains associated with lower risk of all-cause mortality (ACM) and nonfatal myocardial infraction (MI) among patients with treated depression. METHODS: We included 5128 patients on antidepressant medications who completed a clinically indicated exercise stress test between 1991 and 2009...
April 17, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664955/efficacy-of-a-biomechanically-based-yoga-exercise-program-in-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Alexander B Kuntz, Jaclyn N Chopp-Hurley, Elora C Brenneman, Sarah Karampatos, Emily G Wiebenga, Jonathan D Adachi, Michael D Noseworthy, Monica R Maly
OBJECTIVE: Certain exercises could overload the osteoarthritic knee. We developed an exercise program from yoga postures with a minimal knee adduction moment for knee osteoarthritis. The purpose was to compare the effectiveness of this biomechanically-based yoga exercise (YE), with traditional exercise (TE), and a no-exercise attention-equivalent control (NE) for improving pain, self-reported physical function and mobility performance in women with knee osteoarthritis. DESIGN: Single-blind, three-arm randomized controlled trial...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664880/split-depressed-lateral-tibial-plateau-fractures-a-comparision-of-augmented-percutaneous-screws-versus-augmented-plate-and-screw-construct-in-a-cadaveric-model
#3
Richard J Bowles, Vivek Chadayammuri, Antonio Brecevich, Todd Baldini, Cyril Mauffrey
OBJECTIVES: To compare the strength of fixation of percutaneous screw versus plate/screw fixation in a paired cadaver model of OTA 41-B3 (1) (Schatzker type II) split depression fractures of the lateral tibial plateau. METHODS: Six matched pairs of cadaveric knees were acquired. A OTA 41-B3 (Schatzker type II) split depression fracture was created in all specimens using a standardized method. One specimen from each matched pair of knees was fixed with percutaneous screws, and the other was fixed with a plate/screw construct...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664187/exercise-interventions-and-patient-beliefs-for-people-with-hip-knee-or-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis-a-mixed-methods-review
#4
REVIEW
Michael Hurley, Kelly Dickson, Rachel Hallett, Robert Grant, Hanan Hauari, Nicola Walsh, Claire Stansfield, Sandy Oliver
BACKGROUND: Chronic peripheral joint pain due to osteoarthritis (OA) is extremely prevalent and a major cause of physical dysfunction and psychosocial distress. Exercise is recommended to reduce joint pain and improve physical function, but the effect of exercise on psychosocial function (health beliefs, depression, anxiety and quality of life) in this population is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To improve our understanding of the complex inter-relationship between pain, psychosocial effects, physical function and exercise...
April 17, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663142/do-we-need-a-cool-down-after-exercise-a-narrative-review-of-the-psychophysiological-effects-and-the-effects-on-performance-injuries-and-the-long-term-adaptive-response
#5
REVIEW
Bas Van Hooren, Jonathan M Peake
It is widely believed that an active cool-down is more effective for promoting post-exercise recovery than a passive cool-down involving no activity. However, research on this topic has never been synthesized and it therefore remains largely unknown whether this belief is correct. This review compares the effects of various types of active cool-downs with passive cool-downs on sports performance, injuries, long-term adaptive responses, and psychophysiological markers of post-exercise recovery. An active cool-down is largely ineffective with respect to enhancing same-day and next-day(s) sports performance, but some beneficial effects on next-day(s) performance have been reported...
April 16, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659005/state-of-the-science-of-neural-systems-in-late-life-depression-impact-on-clinical-presentation-and-treatment-outcome
#6
Kevin J Manning, David C Steffens
Major depression in older adults, or late-life depression (LLD), is a common and debilitating psychiatric disorder that increases the risk of morbidity and mortality. Although the effects of LLD make it important to achieve a diagnosis and start treatment quickly, individuals with LLD are often inadequately or unsuccessfully treated. The latest treatment developments suggest that interventions targeting executive dysfunction and neuroticism, constructs associated with poor response to antidepressants in older adults, are successful in treating LLD...
April 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652956/-tools-for-physical-activity-assessment-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#7
Rodrigo Torres-Castro, Cristian Céspedes, Jordi Vilaró, Roberto Vera-Uribe, Marcelo Cano-Cappellacci, Diego Vargas
The prevalence and mortality of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is increasing in Chile, constituting a public health problem. Pulmonary and systemic consequences of COPD affect physical activity, as the disease progresses. There are multiple means for physical activity assessment, from low cost and easily applicable questionnaires to sophisticated laboratory tests. Physical inactivity is a modifiable risk factor for morbidity and mortality in patients with COPD. Physical activity interventions not only contribute to decrease the likelihood of mortality, but also protect from comorbidities, especially cardiovascular ones...
December 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652778/does-the-use-of-electrotherapies-increase-the-effectiveness-of-neck-stabilization-exercises-for-improving-pain-disability-mood-and-quality-of-life-in-chronic-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-single-blind-study
#8
Hilal Yesil, Simin Hepguler, Umit Dundar, Sahel Taravati, Banu Isleten
STUDY DESIGN: This study was a prospective, randomized, controlled study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine if transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) or interferential current (IFC) increase the effectiveness of neck stabilization exercises on pain, disability, mood, and quality of life for chronic neck pain (CNP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Neck pain is one of the three most frequently reported complaints of the musculoskeletal system...
April 12, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652623/beliefs-underlying-stress-reduction-and-depression-help-seeking-among-college-students-an-elicitation-study
#9
Marco Yzer, Julie Gilasevitch
OBJECTIVE: This study illustrates how a theory-based approach can identify college students' beliefs about stress reduction activities and help-seeking for depression. These beliefs are the basis for intervention design. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 53 undergraduate students at a public university in the Midwest participated in this research during March 2016. METHODS: An open-ended belief elicitation survey was administered online. Beliefs were identified through qualitative thematic analyses...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651650/evaluation-of-options-for-presenting-health-states-from-promis%C3%A2-item-banks-for-valuation-exercises
#10
Janel Hanmer, David Cella, David Feeny, Baruch Fischhoff, Ron D Hays, Rachel Hess, Paul A Pilkonis, Dennis Revicki, Mark Roberts, Joel Tsevat, Lan Yu
PURPOSE: Health status descriptive systems based on item response theory (IRT), such as the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS®), have item banks to measure domains of health. We developed a method to present such banks for health-state valuation. METHODS: We evaluated four different presentation approaches: a single item (1S), 2 items presented separately (2S), 2 items presented together (2T), or 5 items presented together (5T). We evaluated these four approaches in three PROMIS item banks (depression, physical function, and sleep disturbance)...
April 12, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649805/comparing-the-efficacy-of-cbasp-with-two-versions-of-cbt-for-depression-in-a-routine-care-center-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Winfried Rief, Gabi Bleichhardt, Katharina Dannehl, Frank Euteneuer, Katrin Wambach
BACKGROUND: The cognitive-behavioral analysis system of psychotherapy (CBASP) was developed for the treatment of chronic, early-onset depression. However, it is unclear whether this approach can be recommended for depression in general (episodic and chronic), and no direct comparisons between CBASP with different versions of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) exist. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial compared 3 treatment conditions (all lasting 16 sessions) with a waiting list group (WL): CBASP, CBT with a focus on physical exercise (CBT-E), and CBT with a focus on pleasurable, low-energy and mindful activities (CBT-M)...
April 12, 2018: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643594/the-effect-of-a-vr-exercise-program-on-falls-and-depression-in-the-elderly-with-mild-depression-in-the-local-community
#12
Jong-Eun Yang, Tac-Young Lee, Jin-Kyung Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to explore the effect of a VR exercise program on falls and depression in the elderly with mild depression who reside in the local community. [Subjects and Methods] This study was performed by targeting 15 elderly subjects with mild depression who resided in the local community. The targeted subjects voluntarily selected 3 VR exercise programs (each lasting 10 minutes) among 4 activities, and a resting time of 5 minutes was given for an interval after each activity. The VR exercise program was performed for total 12 weeks (36 times), 3 times a week, 45 minutes per session...
December 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629606/cancer-and-complementary-therapies-current-trends-in-survivors-interest-and-use
#13
Maryam Qureshi, Erin Zelinski, Linda E Carlson
BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors use complementary therapies (CTs) for a variety of reasons; however, with interest and use reportedly on the rise and a widening range of products and practices available, there is a need to establish trends in and drivers of interest. We aimed to determine (1) frequencies of use, level of interest, and barriers for 30 specific CTs and (2) whether physical symptoms, perceived stress (PS), or spiritual well-being were related to interest levels. METHOD: A total of 212 cancer outpatients were surveyed at the Tom Baker Cancer Centre in Calgary, Canada...
April 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629485/has-the-time-come-to-be-more-aggressive-with-bariatric-surgery-in-obese-patients-with-chronic-systolic-heart-failure
#14
REVIEW
Amanda R Vest
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Obesity is a strong risk factor for the development of heart failure (HF). Diet, exercise, and weight-loss pharmacotherapies have limited potential to achieve significant and sustainable weight loss, especially in patients with symptomatic systolic HF. This review seeks to determine the role of bariatric surgery for patients with systolic HF and obesity. RECENT FINDINGS: Bariatric surgeries such as the laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) represent the most successful long-term strategy for achieving weight loss and diabetes and hypertension remission in the general obese population...
April 8, 2018: Current Heart Failure Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629141/te-containing-carbon-dots-for-fluorescence-imaging-of-superoxide-anion-in-mice-during-acute-strenuous-exercise-or-emotional-changes
#15
Wei Zhang, Ruixia Wang, Wei Liu, Xin Wang, Ping Li, Wen Zhang, Hui Wang, Bo Tang
Acute strenuous exercise and emotional changes are closely related to important aspects of human health. The superoxide anion (O2 ˙- ), as one of the primary reactive oxygen species (ROS), is intimately associated with major diseases. However, there is no relevant in vivo research for directly indicating the link between O2 ˙- level and acute physical exercise or emotional changes. Hence, we constructed three fluorescent probes for the detection of O2 ˙- , including a Te-containing molecular probe and Se- and Te-containing CDs, and evaluated their properties such as selectivity, sensitivity, instantaneity and dynamic response to O2 ˙- ...
January 21, 2018: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628038/-patterns-of-detection-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-nursing
#16
Ana J Sebastián Hernández, Luís Carlos Arranz Santamaría
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is characterized by an acquired cognitive loss that places individuals, mainly older adults, in an intermediate stage between normal cognitive functioning and dementia. This impairment has a high risk of progression to dementia and is suitable for screening, which allows more effective early intervention. Nursing professionals, especially community-based primary care nurses, play an important role in the detection and follow-up of MCI and in interventions for this condition. The first step should be to take a thorough history from both the patient and his or her carers, which should assess the changes occurring in the patient's daily, family and social life through functional patterns...
June 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626427/engineering-improved-balance-confidence-among-older-adults-with-complex-health-care-needs-learning-from-the-muscling-up-against-disability-study
#17
Sharon Hetherington, Tim Henwood, Paul Swinton, Justin Keogh, Paul Gardiner, Anthony Tuckett
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations of balance confidence with physical and cognitive markers of wellbeing among older adults receiving government-funded aged care services, and whether progressive resistance plus balance training could positively influence change. DESIGN: Intervention study. SETTING: Community-based older-adult-specific exercise clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Older adults (N=245) with complex care needs who were receiving government aged care support...
April 4, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626350/correlates-of-suicidal-ideation-in-college-women-with-eating-disorders
#18
Neha J Goel, Shiri Sadeh-Sharvit, Rachael E Flatt, Mickey Trockel, Katherine N Balantekin, Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft, Grace E Monterubio, Marie-Laure Firebaugh, Corinna Jacobi, Denise E Wilfley, C Barr Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To identify the correlates of suicidal ideation (SI) in a large sample of college women with eating disorders (EDs). METHOD: A total of 690 female college students from 28 US colleges who screened positive for an ED, with the exception of anorexia nervosa, were assessed for SI. Univariate logistic regression analyses were performed to determine independent correlates of SI. Measures included: ED psychopathology, ED behaviors (i.e., binge eating, vomiting, laxatives, compulsive exercise), current co-morbid psychopathology (i...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625012/home-based-physical-activity-program-improves-depression-and-anxiety-in-older-adults
#19
Susan Aguiñaga, Diane K Ehlers, Elizabeth A Salerno, Jason Fanning, Robert W Motl, Edward McAuley
BACKGROUND: Late-life depression and anxiety among older adults is an important public health concern. This study examined the effect of a DVD-delivered exercise intervention on the secondary outcomes of depression and anxiety in older adults and the extent to which physical self-worth mediated the relationship between leisure-time physical activity and depression and anxiety. METHODS: Older adults (N = 307) were randomized to a 6-month flexibility, toning, and balance DVD (FlexToBa™, FTB) or healthy aging DVD control...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620558/effect-of-low-intensity-versus-high-intensity-resistance-training-on-the-functioning-of-the-institutionalized-frail-elderly
#20
Ulku K Sahin, Nuray Kirdi, Ergun Bozoglu, Aydin Meric, Galip Buyukturan, Ahmet Ozturk, Huseyin Doruk
Frailty has emerged as an important risk factor for disability. Age-related declines in physical and physiological function lead to increased risk of loss of independence and poor quality of life. Recent evidence has shown the effectiveness of physical exercise programmes in preventing or reversing frailty. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in the functioning of frail elderly individuals after undergoing resistance training for 3 days a week for 8 weeks. The effectiveness of exercise training was investigated in 48 frail elderly individuals who were randomly assigned to the following intervention groups: high-intensity (HI; n=16; age: 69-96 years) or low-intensity (LI; n=16; age: 77-93 years) strength training groups or a control group (n=16; age: 76-93 years) with no specific exercise programme...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
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