keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

geriatric syndromes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642851/sarcopenia-neurological-point-of-view
#1
REVIEW
Young Nam Kwon, Sung Sang Yoon
Sarcopenia is an age-related geriatric syndrome which is characterized by the gradual loss of muscle mass, muscle strength, and muscle quality. There are a lot of neurologic insults on sarcopenia at various levels from the brain to the neuromuscular junctions (NMJs) to generate a volitional task. Dopaminergic downregulation, inadequate motor programming and motor coordination impairment lead to decline of supraspinal drive. Motor unit reorganization and inflammatory changes in motor neuron decrease conduction velocity and amplitude of compound muscle action potential...
May 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635539/an-old-challenge-with-new-promises-a-systematic-review-on-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-in-long-term-care-facilities
#2
Francesco Panza, Vincenzo Solfrizzi, Madia Lozupone, Maria Rosaria Barulli, Francesca D'Urso, Roberta Stallone, Vittorio Dibello, Alessia Noia, Cristina Di Dio, Antonio Daniele, Antonello Bellomo, Davide Seripa, Antonio Greco, Giancarlo Logroscino
Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) is a multidimensional and multidisciplinary diagnostic process focused on determining the clinical profile, pathological risk, residual skills, short- and long-term prognosis, and the personalized therapeutic and care plan of the functionally compromised and frail older subjects. Previous evidence suggested that the effectiveness of CGA programs may be influenced by the settings where the CGA is performed [i.e., hospital, post-hospital discharge/ long-term care facilities (LTCF), or community/home] as well as the specific clinical conditions of older frail individuals...
June 21, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625940/prodromal-stage-of-disease-dementia-with-lewy-bodies-how-to-diagnose-in-practice
#3
Frédéric Blanc, Marc Verny
Disease with Lewy bodies or dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), particularly at the prodromal stage, is a complex disease to diagnose because of different clinical beginnings and variable paths in terms of clinical expression. Thus DLB can be entcountered in different input modes: mild cognitive impairment, depression, acute behavioral disorders, confusion and delirium, or sleep disorders. In the aim to better diagnose the disease, should be sought obviously to search for the key symptoms: fluctuations, hallucinations, extra-pyramidal syndrome, and REM sleep behavior disorder...
June 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614541/knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-dementia-among-final-year-medical-students-in-brazil
#4
Alessandro Ferrari Jacinto, Vanessa de Albuquerque Citero, José Luiz de Lima, Paulo José Fortes Villas Boas, Adriana Polachini do Valle, Ananda Ghelfi Raza Leite
Objective: Among all countries, Brazil is expected to have the sixth largest elderly population in 2025. Dementia syndromes are prominent among aging-related diseases. Despite the necessity of and curriculum for training in geriatric medicine to make recommendations on an approach to this theme, adequate training appears to be infrequent. The present study aimed to evaluate the knowledge about dementia and students' attitude towards it during the last semester of the medical course in two of the most important Brazilian medical schools...
April 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613287/geriatric-syndromes-and-not-cardiovascular-risk-factors-are-associated-with-cognitive-impairment-among-mexican-community-dwelling-elderly-with-type-2-diabetes
#5
Omar Yaxmehen Bello-Chavolla, Carlos Alberto Aguilar-Salinas, José Alberto Avila-Funes
BACKGROUND: The association of cognitive impairment and type 2 diabetes has been consistently shown in several studies, yet its association with geriatric syndromes has not been fully explored. OBJECTIVE: To study the correlates of cognitive impairment among community-dwelling elderly with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 135 diabetic persons aged 70 years or older participating in the Coyoacán Cohort Study in Mexico City...
May 2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612640/do-exercise-habits-during-middle-age-affect-locomotive-syndrome-in-old-age
#6
Akinobu Nishimura, Naoya Ito, Kunihiro Asanuma, Koji Akeda, Toru Ogura, Akihiro Sudo
OBJECTIVES: Locomotive syndrome (LS) encompasses conditions that may lead to the need for nursing services. We aimed to quantify the association between exercise habits during youth or the middle-age years and both physical function and the presence of LS in Japanese elderly people. METHODS: We examined 460 participants of the eighth, ninth, and tenth iterations of the Miyagawa study. Participants were divided into an LS group and a no-LS group according to their scores on the 25-question Geriatric Locomotive Function Scale...
June 14, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612154/frailty-phenotype-and-the-role-of-levodopa-challenge-test-in-geriatric-inpatients-with-mild-parkinsonian-signs
#7
Piotr Seiffert, Jarosław Derejczyk, Jacek Kawa, Czesław Marcisz, Małgorzata Czernek, Jan Szymszal, Wojciech Kapko, Monika Bugdol, Anna Torbus, Olga Stępień-Wyrobiec
Deficiency in dopaminergic system function may be one of the hypothetical reasons of the frailty syndrome but its role still remains unclear. The aim of our study was to assess the frailty phenotype prevalence in geriatric inpatients with mild parkinsonian signs (MPS) and to investigate levodopa test in the frail patients with MPS. We examined 118 participants: 90 with MPS and 28 in control group (without MPS). The frailty syndrome presence was evaluated by the Fried criteria. Deficiency in dopaminergic system function was assessed by one of the modifications of an acute levodopa challenge test (LCT): in MPS group every patient was examined by performing Up and Go Test and also Step Test before and 3 h after taking 125 mg of Madopar (levodopa + benserazide)...
June 13, 2017: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602461/adapting-systems-of-care-for-people-aging-with-hiv
#8
Eugenia L Siegler, Mark Brennan-Ing
People aging with HIV have medical and psychosocial needs that require more than the HIV services network can provide. HIV providers may lack experience managing multimorbidity or the functional consequences of aging. Social support services may be unable to provide necessary services for people living with HIV (PLWH) who are becoming increasingly frail or facing cognitive impairment. HIV providers will be caring for aging PLWH whose HIV management may seem simple compared with the significant burdens of stigma, mental health needs, social isolation, multimorbidity, and aging-related syndromes...
May 26, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602363/epidemiology-pathophysiology-and-prognosis-of-heart-failure-in-older-adults
#9
REVIEW
Kumar Dharmarajan, Michael W Rich
Heart failure is the quintessential cardiovascular syndrome of aging that results from common cardiovascular conditions in older adults in conjunction with age-associated changes in cardiovascular structure and function. To a large extent, heart failure is a geriatric syndrome in much the same way that dementia, falls, and frailty are geriatric syndromes. The incidence and prevalence of heart failure increase strikingly with age and make heart failure the most common reason for hospitalization among older adults...
July 2017: Heart Failure Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600505/malnutrition-sarcopenia-syndrome-predicts-mortality-in-hospitalized-older-patients
#10
Xiaoyi Hu, Lei Zhang, Haozhong Wang, Qiukui Hao, Birong Dong, Ming Yang
A new term, malnutrition-sarcopenia syndrome (MSS), was recently coined to describe the clinical presentation of both malnutrition and sarcopenia. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between MSS and long-term mortality in older inpatients. We conducted a prospective study in acute geriatric wards of two local hospitals in China. Muscle mass and malnutrition were estimated by anthropometric measures and the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA). Of the 453 participants, 14 (3.1%) had sarcopenia with normal nutrition, 139 (30...
June 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583833/profile-and-results-of-frail-patient-assessed-by-advanced-practice-nursing-in-an-emergency-department
#11
Montserrat Solé-Casals, Emilia Chirveches-Pérez, Emma Puigoriol-Juvanteny, Núria Nubó-Puntí, Carolina Chabrera-Sanz, Mireia Subirana-Casacuberta
OBJECTIVES: To describe the profile of patients evaluated by Nurse Care Management in an Emergency Department and identify the type of alternative healthcare resource assigned and report the results of clinical practice. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective follow-up, on admission to the Emergency Department in an acute hospital and on discharge from the alternative healthcare resource, of patients assessed by Nurse Care Management, from July to December 2015. The patient characteristics, social environment and results of clinical practice were studied...
June 2, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577045/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-drug-associated-corrected-qt-prolongation-in-elderly-hospitalized-patients-results-of-a-retrospective-analysis-of-data-obtained-over-6%C3%A2-months
#12
Ophélie Maison, Blandine de la Gastine, Laurent Dayot, Sylvain Goutelle
OBJECTIVES: Little information exists on the frequency and determinants of drug-associated long QT syndrome in older adults. The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence and identify risk factors of drug-associated long QT syndrome in a population of elderly hospitalized patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective study performed over 6 months in hospital geriatric medicine. Various QT-correction equations were fitted to the individual QT-RR data to evaluate the most appropriate equation...
June 2, 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575563/-validation-of-the-questionnaire-for-screening-frailty
#13
O N Tkacheva, N K Runikhina, V S Ostapenko, N V Sharashkina, E A Mkhitaryan, U S Onuchina, S N Lysenkov
For screening frailty in daily practice, we developed the questionnaire relating issues of weight loss, impaired vision and hearing, injuries related to falls, mood decline, cognitive impairment, urinary incontinence, and mobility difficulties. 356 outpatients from Moscow were included in the study (mean age 74,9±6,1 years, women - 80,4 %). Patients were interviewed using the questionnaire and underwent a comprehensive geriatric assessment. The phenotype model of frailty was determined by L. Fried criteria, the frailty index model - by K...
2017: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575562/-seven-questions-for-elderly-in-the-practice-of-primary-care-physicians
#14
O N Tkacheva, N K Runikhina, V S Ostapenko, N V Sharashkina
Although geriatric syndromes are widespread, they often remain undiagnosed leading to the development of adverse outcomes. For the prompt detection of the most common geriatric syndromes in primary care we have created seven issues related to weight loss, vision and hearing impairments, falls, mood disorder, cognitive impairment, urinary incontinence, and the difficulties in walking. We believe that using of these questions will allow physicians to focus on addressing the important health problems associated with age and will produce the selection of patients for comprehensive geriatric assessment...
2017: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573900/initial-therapy-for-acute-myeloid-leukemia-in-older-patients-principles-of-care
#15
Vijaya Raj Bhatt, Krishna Gundabolu, Thuy Koll, Lori J Maness
Older patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) frequently have significant comorbidities, geriatric syndromes, and high-risk leukemia that make them susceptible to high early mortality, chemotherapy-related toxicities, and poor long-term survival. The receipt of chemotherapy or hematopoietic cell transplantation is low, and the choices between intensive or low-intensity chemotherapy is often not clear. Geriatric and multidisciplinary interventions targeted to optimize functional status and improve management of comorbidities may enhance chemotherapy tolerance...
June 2, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561726/caring-for-the-older-population-with-advanced-lung-cancer
#16
Carolyn J Presley, Craig H Reynolds, Corey J Langer
The management of advanced lung cancer is changing rapidly, with new drug approvals occurring almost monthly. The average age of a newly diagnosed patient with advanced lung cancer remains around age 70. Caring for the older adult with advanced cancer differs from the care of younger adults. Chronologic age often does not accurately reflect the physiologic and functional status of older adults. Selecting treatment based on age alone results in undertreatment and overtreatment of many older adults. Addressing issues such as multiple chronic conditions, polypharmacy, geriatric syndromes, and heterogeneity in functional status among an expanding menu of treatment options for advanced disease is increasingly difficult, particularly among older adults historically underrepresented in clinical trials...
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557393/-melatonin-as-a-marker-of-the-grade-of-cardiac-disorders-during-cachexia-development-in-oncological-patients-of-different-ages
#17
M F Ballyuzek, M V Mashkova, A V Arutjunyan, V A Duke
We have examined 103 patients at the age from 28 to 78 with the newly diagnosed oncological disease at stages II-IV before the beginning of anticancer treatment. The identification of the signs of the cachexia syndrome and its stage (pre-cachexia, cachexia) were carried out in the accordance with the CASCO criteria (2011) and taking into the account the age of the patients. The cardiovascular infringements were found to be comorbid to the oncological disease significantly more often in patients with signs of cachexia syndrome on the pre-cachexia stage and the total index of cardiovascular disorders in oncological patients increases with the severity of cachexia...
2017: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556873/nurses-perceptions-and-management-of-urinary-incontinence-in-hospitalized-older-adults-an-integrative-review
#18
Marnie Colborne, Sherry Dahlke
Urinary incontinence (UI) is a geriatric syndrome affecting older adults in long-term and acute hospital care. Most research has focused on nurses' perceptions of UI in long-term care and community settings rather than acute hospital settings. The purpose of the current integrative review was to understand nurses' perceptions and use of continence strategies for hospitalized older adults. Literature published from 1996-2016 was reviewed. Critical appraisal of the articles by two researchers yielded 10 articles that described nine studies...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549703/integrated-care-enhancing-the-role-of-the-primary-health-care-professional-in-preventing-functional-decline-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
John E Morley, Hidenori Arai, Li Cao, Birong Dong, Reshma A Merchant, Bruno Vellas, Renuka Visvanathan, Jean Woo
BACKGROUND: Although the older population is increasing worldwide, there is a marked deficit in the number of persons trained in geriatrics. It is now recognized that early detection and treatment of geriatric syndromes (frailty, sarcopenia, anorexia of aging, and cognitive decline) will delay or avert the development of disability. OBJECTIVES: To identify simple screening programs available for primary health professionals to identify geriatric syndromes. DATA SOURCES: PubMed for the last 5 years and study authors...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541397/prevalence-and-co-occurrence-of-geriatric-syndromes-in-people-aged-75-years-and-older-in-france-results-from-the-bordeaux-three-city-study
#20
Maturin Tabue-Teguo, Leslie Grasset, José Alberto Avila-Funes, Robin Genuer, Cecile Proust-Lima, Karine Péres, Catherine Féart, Hélène Amieva, Magali González-Colaço Harmand, Catherine Helmer, Nathalie Salles, Muriel Rainfray, Jean François Dartigues
Background: Geriatric syndromes (GSs) are often the result of cumulative insults to multiple organ systems and are considered common in older adults. However, their frequency and co-occurrence are not well known in the elderly population. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of several GSs and to analyze the co-occurrence of these syndromes in a general population of elderly individuals. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis of 630 adults aged 75 years or older participating in the 10-year follow-up of the Bordeaux sample of the French Three-City Study was conducted...
May 24, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
keyword
keyword
44801
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"