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Anthropometric profile

Rajkumar Bharatia, Manoj Chitale, Ganesh Narain Saxena, Raman Ganesh Kumar, Chikkalingaiah, Abhijit Trailokya, Kalpesh Dalvi, Suhas Talele
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension (HTN), being a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), is an important issue of medical and public health. High blood pressure (BP) is ranked as the third most important risk factor for attributable burden of disease in south Asia (2010). Hypertension (HTN) exerts a substantial public health burden on cardiovascular health status and healthcare systems in India. Uncontrolled hypertension among adults with hypertension is associated with increased mortality...
July 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Yoonjin Shin, Yangha Kim
The aim of this study was to investigate the association of CD36, a class B scavenger receptor, rs6969989 polymorphism with the serum lipid profiles in Korean women, together with their modulation by oily fish consumption. Subjects were participants from the Korean Genome Epidemiology Study (KoGES), which was initiated in 2001 as a large-scale. A total of 4,210 women aged 39 to 70 were included in this study. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires, anthropometric measurements, and blood chemical analysis...
September 2016: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
M L Mispireta, L E Caulfield, N Zavaleta, M Merialdi, D L Putnick, M H Bornstein, J A DiPietro
Zinc is an essential micronutrient for the development of the fetal renal, cardiovascular and metabolic systems; however, there is limited evidence of its effects on the postnatal cardiometabolic function. In this study, we evaluated the effect of maternal zinc supplementation during pregnancy on the cardiometabolic profile of the offspring in childhood. A total of 242 pregnant women were randomly assigned to receive a daily supplement containing iron+folic acid with or without zinc. A follow-up study was conducted when children of participating mothers were 4...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
Ameneh Madjd, Moira A Taylor, Alireza Delavari, Reza Malekzadeh, Ian A Macdonald, Hamid R Farshchi
AIMS: To compare the effect of replacing diet beverages (DBs) with water or continuing to drink DBs in patients with type 2 diabetes during a 24-week weight loss program. The primary endpoint was the effect of intervention on weight over a 24-week period. The main secondary endpoints included anthropometric measurement and glucose and fat metabolism during the 24-week period. METHODS: A total of 81 overweight and obese women with type 2 diabetes, who usually consumed DBs in their diet, were asked to either substitute water for DBs or continue drinking DBs five times per week after lunch for 24 weeks (DBs group) during a weight loss program...
October 16, 2016: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
Lara Costa E Silva, Isabel Fragoso, Júlia Teles
BACKGROUND: It's becoming increasingly apparent that sports can present danger in the form of injuries. The extent of this problem calls for preventive actions based on epidemiological research. METHODS: Two questionnaires (LESADO and RAPIL II) were distributed in four schools to 651 subjects aged between 10 and 18 years, involved in different levels of physical activity (PA) - recreative sports, school sports, federated sports and no sports participation (except physical education classes)...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Ameneh Madjd, Moira A Taylor, Leila Shafiei Neek, Alireza Delavari, Reza Malekzadeh, Ian A Macdonald, Hamid R Farshchi
BACKGROUND: The effect of intensity and duration of physical activity (PA) on weight loss has been well described. However, the effect of the frequency of weekly PA on weight loss is still unknown. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the frequency of weekly PA sessions while maintaining the same total activity time on weight loss during a 24-wk weight loss program. DESIGN: Overweight and obese women [n = 75; body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)): 27-37; age: 18-40 y] who had a normally sedentary lifestyle were randomly allocated to 1 of 2 intervention groups: a high-frequency physical activity (HF) or a low-frequency physical activity (LF) group...
October 12, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
A V Sahasrabuddhe, S U Pitale, Dhoble, J Shivalkar, M M Sagdeo
BACKGROUND: To evaluate presence of diastolic dysfunction in obese peripubertal males (8-18 years of age). To correlate diastolic dysfunction with insulin resistance, insulin levels and omental and epicardial fat. METHODS: Obese males (n=46) and age matched healthy lean controls (n=50) in the age group of 8-18 years were included in this study. Anthropometric measurements were recorded. Investigations done: Fasting blood sugar and serum insulin levels, lipid profile, 2-D Echocardiography to assess left ventricular diastolic function and epicardial fat, abdominal CT scan to measure omental fat and ultrasound for NAFLD...
February 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Małgorzata Szczuko, Natalia Komorniak, Monika Hoffmann, Joanna Walczak, Agata Jaroszek, Bartosz Kowalewski, Krzysztof Kaseja, Dominika Jamioł-Milc, Ewa Stachowska
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and Roux-en-Y-bypass (RYGB) on anthropometric and biochemical parameters, including changes in glucose levels, lipid profile and liver function. Drastic decrease in all lipid fractions a few weeks or months after the surgery could be regarded as favourable, but low level of HDL is an independent risk factor for heart diseases. Extreme load on the liver without preparation of the patient to the surgery can have negative consequences...
October 11, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Thyparambil Aravindakshan Pramodkumar, Miranda Priya, Saravanan Jebarani, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Viswanathan Mohan, Rajendra Pradeepa
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the metabolic profiles of subjects with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) with and without elevated 1-h postglucose (1HrPG) values during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). METHODOLOGY: The study group comprised 996 subjects without known diabetes seen at tertiary diabetes center between 2010 and 2014. NGT was defined as fasting plasma glucose <100 mg/dl (5.5 mmol/L) and 2-h plasma glucose <140 mg/dl (7.8 mmol/L) after an 82...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Ibhar Al Mheid, Heval Mohamed Kelli, Yi-An Ko, Muhammad Hammadah, Hina Ahmed, Salim Hayek, Viola Vaccarino, Thomas R Ziegler, Greg Gibson, Michelle Lampl, R Wayne Alexander, Ken Brigham, Greg S Martin, Arshed A Quyyumi
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle modifications are first-line measures for cardiovascular disease prevention. Whether lifestyle intervention also preserves cardiovascular health is less clear. Our study examined the role of a Health Partner-administered lifestyle intervention on metrics of ideal cardiovascular health. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 711 university employees (48±11 years; 66% women, 72% Caucasian/22.5% African Americans) enrolled in a program that promoted healthier lifestyles at Emory University (Atlanta, GA)...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Eric De Zoysa, Manjula Hettiarachchi, Chandrani Liyanage
BACKGROUND: Iodine deficiency and thyroid dysfunction during pregnancy is associated with number of adverse outcomes that includes mental and physical disabilities creating a huge human and economic burden in later life. Several indicators are used to assess the iodine status of a population: thyroid size by palpation and/or by ultrasonography, urinary iodine excretion and the blood thyroid hormone profile. METHODS: This prospective study was designed to assess the iodine nutrition during the course of pregnancy with reference to urine iodine concentration (UIC) and thyroid determinants among 425 pregnant women from Galle district, Sri Lanka...
October 12, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Zhian Mahmood Ibrahim Dezayee, Marwan Salih Mohamad Al-Nimer
BACKGROUND: Human C-reactive protein (CRP) has been used in the risk assessment of coronary events. Human saliva mirrors the body's health and well-being and is noninvasive, easy to collect, and ideal for third-world countries as well as for large patient screening. AIMS: This study aimed to screen the saliva CRP qualitatively in patients with diabetes (Type 1 and 2) taking in considerations, the diagnostic criteria of metabolic syndrome. SETTING AND DESIGN: Center for diabetes mellitus, prospective study...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Nathália Grave, Luciana Tovo-Rodrigues, Janaína da Silveira, Diego Luiz Rovaris, Simone Morelo Dal Bosco, Verônica Contini, Júlia Pasqualini Genro
Much evidence suggests an association between vitamin D deficiency and chronic diseases such as obesity and dyslipidemia. Although genetic factors play an important role in the etiology of these diseases, only a few studies have investigated the relationship between vitamin D-related genes and anthropometric and lipid profiles. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of three vitamin D-related genes with anthropometric and lipid parameters in 542 adult individuals. We analyzed the rs2228570 polymorphism in the vitamin D receptor gene (VDR), rs2134095 in the retinoid X receptor gamma gene (RXRG) and rs7041 in the vitamin D-binding protein gene (GC)...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Krittiya Mosikanon, Dumrongkiet Arthan, Aikkarach Kettawan, Rungsunn Tungtrongchitr, Pattaneeya Prangthip
Increased inflammation occurs with excessive adiposity and yeast β-glucan modulates immune responses. This study investigated the potential effect of yeast β-glucan on inflammatory cytokines in overweight/obese people. A randomized, double blinded, placebo-controlled, clinical trial design enrolled 44 overweight/obese participants with body mass index ≥23 kg/m(2), randomized to two groups receiving β-glucan 477 mg/capsule (n = 22) or placebo (n = 22) orally for six weeks. At weeks one to two, participants received 1 β-glucan or placebo capsule/day and at four weeks two tablets/day...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Dietary Supplements
Jailane de Souza Aquino, Maria Helena de Araújo Vasconcelos, Débora Catarine Nepomuceno de Pontes Pessoa, Juliana Késsia Barbosa Soares, João Paulo de Sousa Prado, Robson de Jesus Mascarenhas, Marciane Magnani, Tânia Lúcia Montenegro Stamford
The oil extracted from Mauritia flexuosa (buriti) is rich in vitamin A, tocopherols and unsaturated fatty acids. This study evaluated the retinol status, blood glucose levels, lipid profiles, food efficiency rates (FERs), food conversion rates (FCRs) and murine anthropometric parameters of Wistar rats fed cookies made with buriti oil (BOC). The content of β-carotene and monounsaturated fatty acids in the cookies was enhanced (p < 0.05) using buriti oil. Rats fed BOC showed an increase (p < 0.05) in serum and hepatic retinol levels compared to rats fed cookies made with soy oil (SOC - control)...
October 12, 2016: Food & Function
Young-Mi Eun, Sung-Goo Kang, Sang-Wook Song
BACKGROUND: Prediabetes is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). While the association of impaired glucose tolerance with CVD has been shown in many studies, the relationship between impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and CVD remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the coronary artery calcium (CAC) scores of participants with normal fasting glucose versus those with IFG, according to fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels, and to assess whether differences in CAC scores were independent of important confounders...
September 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Siti Adibah Othman, Lynnora Patrick Majawit, Wan Nurazreena Wan Hassan, Mang Chek Wey, Roziana Mohd Razi
OBJECTIVES: To establish the three-dimensional (3D) facial soft tissue morphology of adult Malaysian subjects of the Malay ethnic group; and to determine the morphological differences between the genders, using a non-invasive stereo-photogrammetry 3D camera. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and nine subjects participated in this research, 54 Malay men and 55 Malay women, aged 20-30 years old with healthy BMI and with no adverse skeletal deviation. Twenty-three facial landmarks were identified on 3D facial images captured using a VECTRA M5-360 Head System (Canfield Scientific Inc, USA)...
2016: PloS One
Kenneth Chew, Kate Carey, Genevieve Ho, Kylie-Ann Mallitt, John Widger, Michelle Farrar
BACKGROUND: The multidisciplinary care of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) incorporates management of nutrition and the respiratory system, however the effect of body habitus on respiratory function in DMD is poorly understood. The present study examined the impact of nutritional status on respiratory function in DMD to guide further treatment strategies. METHODS: Anthropometric and respiratory parameters, such as body mass index (BMI) z-scores, forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) were retrospectively analysed with a mixed linear model in 34 DMD patients...
October 2016: Respiratory Medicine
Ying Li, Gao Yang, Jinwei Qiang, Songqi Cai, Hao Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of insulin resistance (IR) and diabetes in patients with chronic hepatic schistosomiasis japonica (HSJ) and portosystemic shunts (PSS). METHODS: Pre- and post-contrasted computed tomography images obtained from patients with HSJ and control subjects were reviewed by two radiologists who identified and graded any shunting vessels. Anthropometric measurements, hepatic enzymes, lipid profile, blood levels of albumin, glucose, insulin and homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-2) index of all participants were also assessed...
September 29, 2016: Journal of International Medical Research
Maria Grazia Clemente, Claudia Mandato, Marco Poeta, Pietro Vajro
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in children is becoming a major health concern. A "multiple-hit" pathogenetic model has been suggested to explain the progressive liver damage that occurs among children with NAFLD. In addition to the accumulation of fat in the liver, insulin resistance (IR) and oxidative stress due to genetic/epigenetic background, unfavorable lifestyles, gut microbiota and gut-liver axis dysfunction, and perturbations of trace element homeostasis have been shown to be critical for disease progression and the development of more severe inflammatory and fibrotic stages [non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)]...
September 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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