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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231616/a-dedicated-nutritional-care-program-nutricare-to-reduce-malnutrition-in-institutionalized-dysphagic-older-people-a-quasi-experimental-study
#1
Milko Zanini, Annamaria Bagnasco, Gianluca Catania, Giuseppe Aleo, Marina Sartini, Maria Luisa Cristina, Stefania Ripamonti, Fiammetta Monacelli, Patrizio Odetti, Loredana Sasso
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of a texture-modified food program for dysphagia on the nutritional, biochemical, and functional profile in a cohort of institutionalized older people in Italy. BACKGROUND: Dysphagic institutionalized older people, often also affected by dementia, are frequently exposed to malnutrition. Malnutrition in older people has negative effects on mortality, days of hospitalization, infection, wound healing, and risk of pressure injuries...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225543/cuba-s-aging-and-alzheimer-longitudinal-study
#2
Juan de Jesús Llibre-Rodríguez, Adolfo Valhuerdi-Cepero, Ana M López-Medina, Lisseth Noriega-Fernández, Rutbeskia Porto-Álvarez, Milagros A Guerra-Hernández, Rodolfo I Bosch-Bayard, Tania Zayas-Llerena, Elaine Hernandez-Ulloa, Ana L Rodríguez-Blanco, Enrique Salazar-Pérez, Juan C Llibre-Guerra, Jorge J Llibre-Guerra, Beatriz Marcheco-Teruel
Aging and Alzheimer is a prospective, longitudinal cohort study involving 2944 adults aged ≥65 years from selected areas in Cuba's Havana and Matanzas Provinces. This door-to-door study, which began in 2003, includes periodic assessments of the cohort based on an interview; physical exam; anthropometric measurements; and diagnosis of dementia and its subtypes, other mental disorders, and other chronic non-communicable diseases and their risk factors. Information was gathered on sociodemographic characteristics; disability, dependency and frailty; use of health services; and characteristics of care and caregiver burden...
January 2017: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224294/cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-in-youth-with-classical-21-hydroxylase-deficiency
#3
Kansuda Ariyawatkul, Supatporn Tepmongkol, Suphab Aroonparkmongkol, Taninee Sahakitrungruang
: Patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) appear to have adverse cardiovascular risk profile and other long-term health problems in adult life, but there are limited data in young CAH patients. We aim to evaluate the cardio-metabolic risk factors in adolescents and young adults with classical 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD). We performed a cross-sectional study of 21 patients (17 females) with classic CAH detected clinically and not through newborn screening, aged 15.2 ± 5...
February 21, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223816/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-adolescents-living-in-mthatha-south-africa
#4
Morongwe Annah Sekokotla, Nandu Goswami, Constance Rufaro Sewani-Rusike, Jehu Erapu Iputo, Benedicta Ngwenchi Nkeh-Chungag
OBJECTIVE: Metabolic syndrome (MetS), defined as the clustering of three of five risk factors (hypertension, obesity, triglyceridemia, dyslipidemia and hyperglycemia), is being increasingly mentioned among children and adolescents despite there being no consensus on how it should be defined in this set of population. Furthermore, very few studies have focused on MetS in children and adolescents in sub-Saharan populations. This study, therefore, aimed at determining the prevalence of the MetS and contributing risk in adolescents living in Mthatha, South Africa...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218736/patterns-of-dairy-food-intake-body-composition-and-markers-of-metabolic-health-in-ireland-results-from-the-national-adult-nutrition-survey
#5
E L Feeney, A O'Sullivan, A P Nugent, B McNulty, J Walton, A Flynn, E R Gibney
BACKGROUND: Studies examining the association between dairy consumption and metabolic health have shown mixed results. This may be due, in part, to the use of different definitions of dairy, and to single types of dairy foods examined in isolation. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine associations between dairy food intake and metabolic health, identify patterns of dairy food consumption and determine whether dairy dietary patterns are associated with outcomes of metabolic health, in a cross-sectional survey...
February 20, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217505/noncommunicable-disease-in-rural-india-are-we-seriously-underestimating-the-risk-the-nallampatti-noncommunicable-disease-study
#6
Krishnan Swaminathan, Ganesh Veerasekar, Sujatha Kuppusamy, Mohanraj Sundaresan, Ganesan Velmurugan, Nalla G Palaniswami
AIM: To assess the prevalence of noncommunicable diseases in a true rural farming population in South India and compare the data with the landmark contemporary Indian Council of Medical Research-India Diabetes (ICMR-INDIAB) study. METHODS: Local Ethics Committee approval and informed consent was obtained from all participants. Inclusion criteria were participants, aged ≥20 and ≤85 years, from Nallampatti, a classical farming village from Tamil Nadu state, India...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216810/nasal-correction-in-nasomaxillary-hypoplasia-binder-s-syndrome-an-optimised-classification-and-treatment
#7
Venkata Ramana Yamani, Shakuntala Ghosh, Shreekumar Tirunagari
BACKGROUND: Nasomaxillary hypoplasia is a rare congenital disorder involving the central face. It imparts a distinctive appearance to the individual face as the age advances. Severity of the disorder varies, so do the manifestations. METHODS: This was a retrospective study conducted on the records and photographic data of 560 rhinoplasty cases performed between 2006 March and 2016 March. About 16 cases of nasomaxillary hypoplasia were selected from the group and they were classified based on the severity of the features...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212431/mediterranean-dietary-pattern-and-vegf-405-g-c-gene-polymorphisms-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-an-aspect-of-gene-nutrient-interaction
#8
Ghazaleh Hajiluian, Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi, Leila Jahangiry
AIMS: To evaluate the relationship between Mediterranean dietary pattern, anthropometric and metabolic biomarkers and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) +405 G/C gene polymorphism in patient with metabolic syndrome (Mets). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study 150 patients with Mets and 50 healthy subjects were enrolled. Dietary intakes were evaluated with a semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and Mediterranean dietary quality index (Med-DQI) was assessed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212130/periorbital-soft-tissue-anthropometric-analysis-of-young-adults
#9
Turan Ozdemir, Fatma Ezgi Can, Sefa Isiklar, Ilker Ercan, Nedim Simsek Cankur
The authors aim to determine the periorbital soft tissue anthropometric norms for Turkish young adults for right and left eyes using a noninvasive two-dimensional photogrammetric analysis. Anthropometric measurements of the periorbital soft tissue were taken from 172 female and 56 male Turkish adults aged between 18 and 24 years. The periorbital soft tissue profiles (ocular and palpebral) for males and females were digitally analyzed using linear measurements made with standardized photographic records, taken in a natural head position...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209494/effect-of-early-onset-preeclampsia-on-cardiovascular-risk-in-the-fifth-decade-of-life
#10
Anouk Bokslag, Pim W Teunissen, Constantijn Franssen, Floortje van Kesteren, Otto Kamp, Wessel Ganzevoort, Walter J Paulus, Christianne J M de Groot
BACKGROUND: Women with hypertensive disorders in pregnancy, in particular early-onset preeclampsia, are at increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease later in life. These women have a more than two-fold increased risk to die from cardiovascular diseases. Most studies focused on identification of risk factors shortly after pregnancy. Less is known on the prevalence of risk factors or actual signs of cardiovascular disease 5 - 20 years later. The presence of hypertension or metabolic syndrome can be seen as an opportunity for preventive interventions to reduce the development of severe cardiovascular diseases like myocardial infarction and stroke...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208909/evaluation-of-association-of-hyperuricaemia-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-insulin-resistance
#11
Naveen Reddy Avula, Damodar Shenoy
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) ranges from <10% to as much as 84% depending on region and composition of the population studied. The MetS is a growing public health problem in the world. AIM: To evaluate association of hyperuricaemia with components of MetS and insulin resistance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients with MetS were conveniently recruited. MetS was defined as per Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III) guidelines...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208875/erectile-dysfunction-and-low-sex-drive-in-men-with-type-2-dm-the-potential-role-of-diabetic-pharmacotherapy
#12
Hayder M Al-Kuraishy, Ali I Al-Gareeb
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic men with erectile dysfunction have not been widely studied. They have low testosterone levels, causing low sex drive and erectile dysfunction. AIM: To assess the erectile dysfunction and sex drive in relation to testosterone serum levels in type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 64 patients with type 2 DM were enrolled in this cross-sectional study, according to the treatment types they were divided into three groups, group (A): 34 patients treated with metformin, group (B): 30 patients treated with sulfonylurea and group (C): 27 healthy normal non-diabetic men are taken as control...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208842/assessment-of-serum-vaspin-levels-among-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-with-or-without-acute-coronary-syndrome
#13
Aswathy Jaya Sathyaseelan, Prashant Shankarrao Adole, Mukta Wyawahare, Rama Prakasha Saya
INTRODUCTION: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is on the verge of becoming a pandemic in India. Type 2 DM patient have two to four times increased risk of carotid artery disease. Adipokines have been regarded recently as direct link between diabetes and atherosclerosis. Visceral Adipose Tissue Derived Serine Protease Inhibitor (VASPIN); one of the most recently discovered adipokine, inhibits the proteases responsible for insulin resistance, carotid plaque development and rupture. In literature, few studies have addressed the role of VASPIN in pathogenesis of Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) in patients with type 2 DM...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208744/uncovering-adiponectin-replenishing-property-of-sujiaonori-algal-biomaterial-in-humans
#14
Nlandu Roger Ngatu, Mitsunori Ikeda, Hiroyuki Watanabe, Mamoru Tanaka, Masataka Inoue, Sakiko Kanbara, Sayumi Nojima
The replenishment of adiponectin-an adipocyte-derived hormone with salutary health effects-has recently been proposed as a new approach to treat hypertension, also ameliorate cardiovascular and metabolic risks. We conducted a prospective placebo-controlled, non-randomized and investigator-blinded dietary intervention study to evaluate the health effects of dietary intake of Sujiaonori (Ulva/Enteromorpha prolifera Müller) algal biomaterial (SBM), especially on adiponectin production, blood pressure (BP), and body mass index (BMI) in human subjects...
February 8, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197293/the-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-coronary-artery-disease-patients
#15
Farzaneh Montazerifar, Ahmad Bolouri, Milad Mahmoudi Mozaffar, Mansour Karajibani
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a worldwide health problem, which is growing in Iranian adults. MetS is associated with risk of type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease (CAD). In this study, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of MetS and its individual components in CAD patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on 200 CAD patients who had undergone elective coronary angiography at the cardiology department. Anthropometric indices including waist circumference (WC) and body mass index were measured...
December 2016: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195999/clinical-significance-of-arterial-stiffness-and-metabolic-syndrome-scores-in-vestibular-neuritis
#16
Jae Ho Chung, Seung Hwan Lee, Chul Won Park, Jin Hyeok Jeong, Jeong-Hun Shin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical significance of cardiovascular factors, including arterial stiffness and metabolic syndrome scores, in the development of vestibular neuritis. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, case-control study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Fifty-eight adult patients with vestibular neuritis (VN) and 58 age- and sex-matched controls were evaluated between January 2015 and January 2016...
February 10, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193574/effects-of-preterm-birth-and-fetal-growth-retardation-on-life-course-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-schoolchildren-from-colombia-the-fuprecol-study
#17
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Emilio Villa-González, Javier Martínez-Torres, Anthony C Hackney, Antonio García-Hermoso
BACKGROUND: Both fetal growth restriction and prematurity have been associated with cardiometabolic risk in youth and adults, however, data on their combined effects on cardiometabolic health in youth are scarce. AIMS: This study aimed at assessing the effects of birth weight and gestational age combined on life-course cardiovascular risk factors and obesity among schoolchildren from Colombia. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: Participants comprised 2510 Colombian schoolchildren (54...
February 10, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184306/effect-of-malaria-infection-on-hematological-profiles-of-people-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-gambella-southwest-ethiopia
#18
Tsion Sahle, Tilahun Yemane, Lealem Gedefaw
BACKGROUND: Malaria and human immunodeficiency virus are the two most devastating global health problems causing more than two million deaths each year. Hematological abnormalities such as anemia, thrombocytopenia and leucopenia are the common complications in malaria and HIV co-infected individuals. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of malaria infection on hematological profiles of people living with HIV attending Gambella Hospital ART clinic, Southwestern Ethiopia. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of malaria infection on hematological profiles of people living with HIV attending Gambella Hospital ART clinic, Southwestern Ethiopia...
2017: BMC Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160242/serum-zinc-and-adiponectin-levels-in-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-adjusted-for-anthropometric-biochemical-dietary-intake-and-physical-activity-measures
#19
Sahar Mazloomi, Narges Alizadeh, Majid Aminzare, Soudabeh Niroomand, Seyedeh Neda Mousavi
Previous studies have shown that serum zinc and adiponectin levels are associated with insulin resistance in the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients. But there is no study to evaluate serum zinc and adiponectin levels as predictor markers of PCOS, adjusted for anthropometric, biochemical, dietary intake, and physical activity measures. Ninety-one new PCOS cases (based on the Rotterdam criteria) and 85 healthy control women participated and individually matched based on age. Food intake of all participants obtained by the food frequency and physical activity level was assessed by the International Physical Activity Questionnaires...
February 3, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159034/food-insecurity-and-health-status-in-deprived-populations-2014-a-multicentre-survey-in-seven-of-the-social-and-medical-healthcare-centres-casos-run-by-doctors-of-the-world-france
#20
S Laurence, E Durand, E Thomas, M Chappuis, J F Corty
OBJECTIVE: To document eating practices and socio-economic profiles of patients seen in the social and medical healthcare centres (CASOs in its French acronym) run by Doctors of the World (Médecins du Monde, MdM) in France and evaluate their nutritional and health status. STUDY DESIGN: The survey was carried out between April and May 2014 in seven CASOs in France. METHODS: All the patients attending MdM clinics were given a nutrition and health questionnaire...
February 2017: Public Health
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