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Anthropometric profile

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731559/association-between-anthropometric-measures-of-regional-fat-mass-and-heart-rate-variability-in-obese-women
#1
Marina Rastović, Biljana Srdić-Galić, Oto Barak, Edita Stokić
AIM: Impaired autonomic function could be the mechanism for the development of cardiometabolic diseases in obesity. Hence, simple anthropometric measures of overall and central obesity could be screening markers for autonomic imbalance. We analysed the relationship between heart rate variability (HRV) parameters and obesity indicators. METHODS: Sixty-three obese women underwent blood pressure, lipids and anthropometric measurements, body composition assessment, HOMA (homeostasis model assessment) index calculation and short-term HRV analysis...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729079/the-indian-nose-an-anthropometric-analysis
#2
Nikhil Mehta, Rakesh K Srivastava
Anthropometric measurements of the nose are of great importance in planning aesthetic nasal surgery. Abundant literature is available on anthropometric analysis of Caucasians and Orientals, without similar references on the Indian nose and its regional differences. Thus, we conducted a descriptive cross-sectional epidemiological study of 1000 volunteers, with equal number of subjects derived from five geographic groups, namely North, Central, West, South, and the Himalayan region, to determine differences in nasal morphology of Indian population and among its various regions...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727953/fatty-acid-composition-of-plasma-phosphatidylcholine-determines-body-fat-parameters-in-subjects-with-metabolic-syndrome-related-traits
#3
Miroslav Zeman, Marek Vecka, Michal Burda, Eva Tvrzická, Barbora Staňková, Jaroslav Macášek, Aleš Žák
BACKGROUND: This study examines the associations of fatty acids (FAs) in plasma phosphatidylcholine (PC) with the anthropometrical and biochemical characteristic of patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS)-related traits. METHODS: We analyzed the FA profiles of PC in 300 persons with MetS-related traits (152 M/148F, mean age 46.9 ± 9.0 years) and in 70 healthy controls of the same age using a balanced men/women ratio and gas-liquid chromatography. Multivariate linear regression analysis was performed to determine the coefficients of determination (R(2)) using FA proportions of the mentioned proband characteristics...
July 20, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724059/screening-tests-for-distal-symmetrical-polyneuropathy-in-latin-american-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Nicolás Gómez-Banoy, Virginia Cuevas, Fernando Soler, Maria Fernanda Pineda, Ismena Mockus
Objective: This cross sectional study intended to evaluate two bedside tests (Neuropad and VibraTip) as screening tools for distal symmetrical polyneuropathy (DSPN) in Latin American patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). Subjects and methods: Ninety-three Colombian patients diagnosed with T2D were recruited. Anthropometric variables, glycemic control parameters, lipid profile and renal function were assessed for each patient. DSPN was defined by a Michigan Neuropathy Screening Instrument (MNSI) clinical score greater than 2...
July 13, 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723818/somatotype-and-body-composition-in-young-soccer-players-according-to-the-playing-position-and-sport-success
#5
Víctor Cárdenas-Fernández, José Luis Chinchilla-Minguet, Alfonso Castillo-Rodríguez
Soccer players undergo an evolution in their body composition throughout the growth and passage through the different base stages, that is, childhood, puberty and adolescence. The aim of this study was to analyze the morphology and body composition of U14, U16, and U19 soccer players, taking into account in addition, their sport success endorsed through the regularity participation and their relation with the different playing positions occupied during competition (goalkeeper, external defender, central defender, midfielder and forward/extreme)...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722271/beyond-glycemic-control-a-cross-over-double-blind-24-week-intervention-with-liraglutide-in-type-1-diabetes
#6
M-C Dubé, M D'Amours, S J Weisnagel
AIMS: To investigate the effects of 24 weeks of treatment with liraglutide added to basal/bolus insulin on anthropometric and metabolic parameters in overweight participants with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: In a double-blind cross-over fashion, 15 participants were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive placebo (saline solution) or liraglutide for 24 weeks including a one-month titration period from 0.6 mg to 1.2 mg to 1.8 mg, in addition to their insulin. The treatment was followed by a 1 month wash-out period...
July 18, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721141/impact-of-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-free-and-bioavailable-fractions-of-vitamin-d-and-vitamin-d-binding-protein-levels-on-metabolic-syndrome-components
#7
Marta Pelczyńska, Teresa Grzelak, Marcelina Sperling, Paweł Bogdański, Danuta Pupek-Musialik, Krystyna Czyżewska
INTRODUCTION: Various forms of vitamin D and factors involved in their metabolism can play a role in the etiopathogenesis of metabolic disorders. This paper aims to define the relationship between concentration of the hydroxylated form of vitamin D (25(OH)D), the fraction of free and bioavailable vitamin D, and of vitamin D binding protein (VDBP) levels on the one hand and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome components on the other. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The studies were conducted on 79 people, including 52 with metabolic syndrome (MetS+) and 27 without it (MetS-)...
June 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720344/apoe-genotype-associates-with-food-consumption-and-body-composition-to-predict-dyslipidaemia-in-brazilian-adults-with-normal-weight-obesity-syndrome
#8
Lana Pacheco Franco, Amanda Gonçalves Zardini Silveira, Rochelle Sobral de Assis Vasconcelos Lima, Maria Aderuza Horst, Cristiane Cominetti
BACKGROUND & AIM: Normal-Weight Obesity Syndrome has been characterized by a normal body mass index and high percentage of body fat. It is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease development. This study aimed to evaluate whether apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotypes and food consumption are related to the lipid profiles of adults with Normal-Weight Obesity Syndrome. METHODS: Analytical cross-sectional study, including adults with Normal-Weight Obesity Syndrome...
July 11, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719789/waist-to-height-ratio-in-indian-women-comparison-with-traditional-indices-of-obesity-association-with-inflammatory-biomarkers-and-lipid-profile
#9
Sharvari Dilip Malshe, Shobha Anand Udipi
We compared waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) with traditional anthropometric indices in healthy women aged 21 to 45 years from urban slums of Mumbai city, India. Lipid profile and inflammatory markers were measured in a subsample of 200 women, and their relationship with WHtR was examined. Mean WHtR was 0.50 ± 0.1, but a little more than half (51.9%) of the women had WHtR ≥0.50. WHtR could correctly identify centrally obese adult women, even when they were categorized as healthy or normal according to body mass index, waist circumference, waist to hip ratio, and percentage body fat...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717816/prospective-associations-of-low-muscle-mass-and-function-with-10-year-falls-risk-incident-fracture-and-mortality-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#10
S Balogun, T Winzenberg, K Wills, D Scott, G Jones, D Aitken, M L Callisaya
OBJECTIVES: Purpose: To compare the performance of low muscle mass and function with falls risk, incident fracture and mortality over 10 years. METHODS: 1041 participants (50% women; mean age 63±7.5 years) were prospectively followed for 10 years. Falls risk was measured using the Physiological Profile Assessment, fractures were self-reported and mortality was ascertained from the death registry. Appendicular lean mass (ALM) was assessed using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717613/morphometric-evaluation-of-human-tendocalcaneus-a-cadaveric-study-of-south-indian-male-population
#11
Naveen Kumar, Ashwini P Aithal, Satheesha B Nayak, Jyothsna Patil, Abhinitha Padavinangadi, Biswa Bina Ray
INTRODUCTION: Tendocalcaneus or Achilles tendon is formed by the fusion of the tendons of gastrocnemius and soleus muscles. Normal morphometric measurements of tendo-calcaneus serves an important landmark in its anthropometric evaluation and biomechanical characteristics. Hence the objective of this study was to provide detailed morphometric profile of tendocalcaneus in south indian cadaveric male population. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A total of 64 dissected adult limbs was studied...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717206/an-amino-acid-signature-associated-with-obesity-predicts-2-year-risk-of-hypertriglyceridemia-in-school-age-children
#12
Sofia Moran-Ramos, Elvira Ocampo-Medina, Ruth Gutierrez-Aguilar, Luis Macías-Kauffer, Hugo Villamil-Ramírez, Blanca E López-Contreras, Paola León-Mimila, Joel Vega-Badillo, Roxana Gutierrez-Vidal, Ricardo Villarruel-Vazquez, Erandi Serrano-Carbajal, Blanca E Del-Río-Navarro, Adriana Huertas-Vázquez, Teresa Villarreal-Molina, Isabel Ibarra-Gonzalez, Marcela Vela-Amieva, Carlos A Aguilar-Salinas, Samuel Canizales-Quinteros
Childhood obesity is associated with a number of metabolic abnormalities leading to increased cardiovascular risk. Metabolites can be useful as early biomarkers and new targets to promote early intervention beginning in school age. Thus, we aimed to identify metabolomic profiles associated with obesity and obesity-related metabolic traits. We used data from the Obesity Research Study for Mexican children (ORSMEC) in Mexico City and included a case control (n = 1120), cross-sectional (n = 554) and a longitudinal study (n = 301) of 6-12-year-old children...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716522/exercise-individualized-by-trimpi-method-reduces-arterial-stiffness-in-early-onset-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-aerobic-interval-training
#13
Alfonso Bellia, Ferdinando Iellamo, Elisa De Carli, Aikaterini Andreadi, Elvira Padua, Mauro Lombardo, Giuseppe Annino, Francesca Campoli, Sara Tartaglione, Stefano D'Ottavio, David Della-Morte, Davide Lauro
BACKGROUND: Arterial stiffness (AS) and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) are subclinical markers of vascular diseases in type 2 diabetes (T2D). We evaluated the effects of aerobic interval training (AIT), with loads prescribed according to individual heart rate and lactate profiling obtained during a baseline treadmill test (TRIMPi method), on AS and BRS in patients with early-onset T2D without cardiovascular complications. POPULATION STUDY AND METHODS: Twenty-two sedentary overweight T2D patients (aged 57±7years) were randomized to 12-weeks open-label of supervised AIT by TRIMPi (n=8) or unsupervised physical activity as per usual care (SOC) (n=11)...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716139/elevated-c-reactive-protein-interleukin-6-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-and-glycemic-load-associated-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-rural-thais-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Chanchira Phosat, Pornpimol Panprathip, Noppanath Chumpathat, Pattaneeya Prangthip, Narisara Chantratita, Ngamphol Soonthornworasiri, Somchai Puduang, Karunee Kwanbunjan
BACKGROUND: The elevated levels of inflammatory markers, including C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), and interleukin 6 (IL6) are supposed to be associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Frequent high glycemic load (GL) consumption, central obesity, and a lack of physical activity are considered to be T2DM risk factors. This study aimed to determine the difference of these inflammatory markers as well as GL in individuals with versus those without T2DM in rural Thais...
July 17, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713470/differences-in-anthropometry-biological-age-and-physical-fitness-between-young-elite-kayakers-and-canoeists
#15
Daniel López-Plaza, Fernando Alacid, José María Muyor, Pedro Ángel López-Miñarro
The aim of this study was to determine the anthropometric and physical characteristics of youth elite paddlers and to identify the differences between kayakers and canoeists. A total of 171 male paddlers (eighty-nine kayakers and eighty-two canoeists), aged 13.69 ± 0.57 years (mean ± SD) volunteered to participate in this study. The participants completed basic anthropometric assessments (body mass, stretch stature, sitting height, body mass index, maturity level, sum of 6 skinfolds and fat mass percentage) as well as a battery of physical fitness tests (overhead medicine ball throw, counter movement jump, sit-and-reach and 20 m multi-stage shuttle run tests)...
June 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713469/anthropometric-profile-in-different-event-categories-of-acrobatic-gymnastics
#16
Yaiza Taboada-Iglesias, Mercedes Vernetta Santana, Águeda Gutiérrez-Sánchez
There is a specific anthropometric profile for each sport, which may be differentiated even in relation to the position, role or event category within each sport discipline. However, there are few studies on acrobatic gymnastics, and the goal of this work was to determine the anthropometric profile depending on the event category, as well as factors that predisposed to performance in these categories. The sample consisted of 150 gymnasts from Spain, divided into 8 groups according to the event category and the role played...
June 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712073/association-between-ace-and-agt-polymorphism-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-acromegalic-patients
#17
Tomris Erbas, Nese Cinar, Selcuk Dagdelen, Arzu Gedik, Hikmet Yorgun, Ugur Canpolat, Giray Kabakci, Mehmet Alikasifoglu
PURPOSE: Whether the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system plays a role or not in the development of cardiovascular morbidity in acromegaly patients is unknown. The aim of the study was to investigate the association between ACE (I/D) and AGT (M235T) gene polymorphisms and cardiovascular and metabolic disorders in the acromegaly. METHODS: The study included one hundred and seventeen acromegalic patients (62 F/55 M, age: 50.2 ± 12.3 years) and 106 healthy controls (92 F/14 M, age: 41...
July 15, 2017: Pituitary
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706385/acylation-stimulating-protein-is-a-surrogate-biomarker-for-acute-myocardial-infarction-role-of-statins
#18
Hayder M Al-Kuraishy, Ali I Al-Gareeb
BACKGROUND: Acylation-stimulating protein (ASP) is an adipokine synthesized within adipocytes environment due to adipocyte differentiation. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess changes in ASP levels in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) and to correlate these variations with disease variables. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total number of 111 patients previously and currently treated with rosuvastatin or atorvastatin presented with acute MI in a Coronary Care Unit, were divided into three groups, Group A: Thirty-nine patients treated with atorvastatin, Group B: Thirty patients treated with rosuvastatin, compared to 42 patients presented with MI not previously treated with statins were enrolled in this study...
July 2017: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705209/metabolic-characteristics-of-individuals-at-a-high-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-a-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#19
Josefin Henninger, Araz Rawshani, Ann Hammarstedt, Björn Eliasson
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Individuals with a family history of T2D are at an increased risk of developing the disease. The aim of this study was to assess metabolic differences between first-degree relatives (FDR) of T2D patients and persons with no known family history of T2D (non-FDR). METHODS: In 200 FDR and 73 non-FDR, we compared anthropometrics, glucose tolerance status, different measurements of insulin secretion, insulin resistance, as well as blood lipids and other blood analyses...
July 14, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704195/association-between-type-2-diabetes-obesity-and-key-immunological-components-of-ige-mediated-inflammation
#20
Raditsa N Sokolova, Rumyana K Yankova, Tsvetana I Abadjieva, Tatyana A Popova, Maria V Ivanovska, Mariana A Murdjeva, Maria M Orbetzova, Svetlan M Dermendzhiev, Maria V Pavlova
BACKGROUND: Changes in lifestyle and obesity in recent decades have brought about a dramatic increase in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and allergic diseases. Clinical and epidemiological studies associate obesity with epidemics of allergic diseases. The link between obesity and DM2 with immunological components of IgE-mediated allergic inflammation is not yet conclusively established. AIM: To examine the key immunological components of IgE-mediated allergic inflammation in patients with DM2 and their relationship with glycemic control and anthropometric indicators...
June 1, 2017: Folia Medica
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