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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140910/polygenic-profile-and-exercise-induced-muscle-damage-by-a-competitive-half-ironman
#1
Juan Del Coso, Juan J Salinero, Beatriz Lara, César Gallo-Salazar, Francisco Areces, David Herrero, Carlos Puente
Del Coso, J, Salinero, JJ, Lara, B, Gallo-Salazar, C, Areces, F, Herrero, D, and Puente, C. Polygenic profile and exercise-induced muscle damage by a competitive half-ironman. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-To date, it is still unknown why some individuals develop higher levels of muscle damage than other individuals, despite participating in exercise with comparable levels of physical intensity. The aim of this investigation was to analyze 7 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that are candidates to explain individual variations in the level of muscle damage attained during a half-ironman competition...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134980/association-between-adiponectin-serum-lipids-and-obesity-in-a-university-setting-in-nigeria
#2
F L Ciroma, J O Ayo, A Mohammed, M B Akor-Dewu, M A Kana, S N Kase
Obesity is an energy imbalance condition, which is accompanied by metabolic and cardiovascular complications.Adiponectin, produced by adipocytes, is an important adipokine involved in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. Adiponectinlevel is altered in obesity in various populations. In Nigeria, very few studies regarding adiponectin exist, and none, to thebest of our knowledge, investigated the relationship between adiponectin and lipid profile and obesity. Therefore, this studyaims to evaluate changes in adiponectin level and serum lipids with body mass index, and investigate the relationship betweenadiponectin, serum lipids and obesity in Nigerian adults...
June 30, 2017: Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences: Official Publication of the Physiological Society of Nigeria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129025/assessment-of-circulating-wnt1-inducible-signalling-pathway-protein-1-wisp-1-ccn4-as-a-novel-biomarker-of-obesity
#3
Christopher Tacke, Krasimira Aleksandrova, Miriam Rehfeldt, Veronica Murahovschi, Mariya Markova, Margrit Kemper, Silke Hornemann, Ulrike Kaiser, Caroline Honig, Christiana Gerbracht, Stefan Kabisch, Tina Hörbelt, D Margriet Ouwens, Martin O Weickert, Heiner Boeing, Andreas F H Pfeiffer, Olga Pivovarova, Natalia Rudovich
WNT1 inducible signaling pathway protein 1 (WISP-1/CCN4) is a novel adipokine, which is upregulated in obesity, and induces a pro-inflammatory response in macrophages in-vitro. Preclinical observations suggested WISP-1/CCN4 as a potential candidate for novel obesity therapy targeting adipose tissue inflammation. Whether circulating levels of WISP-1/CCN4 in humans are altered in obesity and/or type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and in the postprandial state, however, is unknown. This study assessed circulating WISP-1/CCN4 levels in a) paired liquid meal tests and hyperinsulinemic- euglycemic clamps (cohort I, n = 26), b) healthy individuals (cohort II, n = 207) and c) individuals with different stages of obesity and glucose tolerance (cohort III, n = 253)...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128339/rs6923761-gene-variant-in-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-allelic-frequencies-and-influence-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-a-multicenter-study-of-castilla-leon
#4
D A de Luis, M Ballesteros, A Lopez Guzman, E Ruiz, C Muñoz, M A Penacho, P Iglesias, A Maldonado, V Puigdevall, M Delgado
BACKGROUND: Some GLP-1 receptor studies have identified polymorphisms in the GLP-1 receptor gene that might be related to different cardiovascular risk factors. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate the allelic distribution of rs6923761 GLP-1 receptor polymorphism in a geographic area of Spain (Community of Castilla y Leon) and to evaluate the influence of this polymorphism on obesity anthropometric parameters and cardiovascular risk factors in the fasted state in obese patients...
November 2, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120983/assessing-differences-in-anthropometric-and-fitness-characteristics-between-police-academy-cadets-and-incumbent-officers
#5
Robin Orr, J Jay Dawes, Rodney Pope, Joseph Terry
The physical fitness of police officers must be developed in new cadets and sustained in incumbent officers. The aims of this study were to profile and compare the anthropometric and fitness characteristics of police academy cadets and incumbent officers of varying ages from a single police force. Retrospective data for 84 police academy cadets (♂=66, mean age=27.96±5.73 yrs; ♀=18, mean age=30.50±5.76 yrs) and 80 incumbent police officers (♂=73, mean age=39.43±8.28 yrs; ♀=7, mean age=37.86±3.67 yrs) were compiled...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118811/obese-children-with-metabolic-syndrome-have-3-times-higher-risk-to-have-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-compared-with-those-without-metabolic-syndrome
#6
Dimitrios Papandreou, Mirey Karavetian, Zacharoula Karabouta, Eleni Andreou
Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between metabolic syndrome (MS) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in obese children. One hundred and twenty-five subjects aged 11-12 years old participated in the study. Methods: Anthropometric and biochemical indices were measured, including lipid and liver profile, blood glucose, serum insulin, and liver ultrasound. Results: Forty-four children (58.6%) were found to have MS...
2017: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114267/the-best-cut-off-value-for-hba1c-as-a-screening-tool-in-iranian-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Seyedeh Neda Mousavi, Koorosh Kamali, Motahareh Mirbazel, Maryam Jameshorani
Objective: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a prevalent disorder which increases maternal and fetal complications. The oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is a traditional, time -consuming and intensive test which is poorly tolerated by pregnant women. To date, increasing evidence considered HbA1c as a screening tool and reported various cut-off values in different populations. In alignment with existing literature, we determined for the first time, the optimal cut-off value for HbA1c in Iranian women with GDM...
March 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113907/assessing-the-prevalence-of-protein-energy-wasting-in-haemodialysis-patients-a-cross-sectional-monocentric-study
#8
Rajaa Essadik, Rajaa Msaad, Halima Lebrazi, Hassan Taki, El Hassane Tahri, Anass Kettani, Ghizlane Madkouri, Benyounes Ramdani, Rachid Saïle
INTRODUCTION: Protein-energy wasting (PEW) is a strong predictive factor for morbidity and mortality in haemodialysis (HD) patients. However, there is no consensus for its assessment. The present study aimed to assess the nutritional status of patients on chronic HD by use of different nutritional assessment parameters, and at verifying which can identify the greatest number of HD patients with PEW. Also, to investigate predictors of nutritional status in a haemodialysis center in Morocco...
November 4, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111630/anthropometric-profile-of-combat-athletes-via-multivariate-analysis
#9
Anna Burdukiewicz, Jadwiga Pietraszewska, Aleksandra Stachoń, Justyna Andrzejewska
BACKGROUND: Athletic success is a complex phenotype influenced by multiple factors, from sport-specific skills to anthropometric characteristics. Considering the latter, the literature has repeatedly indicated that athletes possess distinct physical characteristics depending on the practiced discipline. The aim of the present study was to apply univariate and multivariate methods to assess a wide range of morphometric and somatotypic characteristics in male combat athletes. METHODS: Biometric data were obtained from 206 male university-level practitioners of judo, jiu-jitsu, karate, kickboxing, taekwondo, and wrestling...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111079/phytosterol-enriched-milk-lowers-ldl-cholesterol-levels-in-brazilian-children-and-adolescents-double-blind-cross-over-trial
#10
S A Ribas, R Sichieri, A S B Moreira, D O Souza, C T F Cabral, D T Gianinni, D B Cunha
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Despite evidence of the lipid-lowering effect of plant sterols among adults with hypercholesterolemia, data regarding phytosterol use in children are limited. In this paper, we examined the effects of daily consumption of a phytosterol-enriched milk compound on the lipid profiles of Brazilian children and adolescents with dyslipidemia. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was a randomized, double blind, crossover clinical trial. Twenty eight dyslipidemics outpatients (aged 6-9 years) from an University Hospital were randomly allocated to control or intervention group...
October 2, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110281/the-effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-in-combination-with-low-calorie-diet-on-anthropometric-indices-and-androgen-hormones-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#11
S Jafari-Sfidvajani, R Ahangari, M Hozoori, H Mozaffari-Khosravi, H Fallahzadeh, A Nadjarzadeh
PURPOSE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is known as the most common endocrine disorder in reproductive age women. The aim of this studywas to evaluate the effects of vitamin D supplementation in combination with low-calorie diet on anthropometric indices, reproductive hormones and menstrual regularity in overweight and obese PCOS women. METHODS: In this randomized controlled clinical trial, 60 PCOS women with vitamin D insufficiency were randomly assigned to 12 weeks of either (1) weight-loss intervention + 50,000 IU/week oral vitamin D3 or (2) weight-loss intervention + placebo...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105674/-lack-of-association-between-ldl-cholesterol-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-elderly-women
#12
Elisa Mazza, Maria Antonietta Salvati, Yvelise Ferro, Daniele De Bonis, Gaetano Gorgone
BACKGROUND: It is known that the association between LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in the elderly is controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate this issue using carotid intima-media thickness as a marker of cardiovascular disease. METHODS: Women aged 35-79 years were consecutively enrolled in the study. They underwent a questionnaire to assess cardiovascular disease, a clinical examination to assess blood pressure and anthropometric variables, a biochemical evaluation of lipid profile and glucose, and an ultrasound evaluation of carotid arteries...
November 2017: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104377/seasonal-variation-in-vitamin-d-in-association-with-age-inflammatory-cytokines-anthropometric-parameters-and-lifestyle-factors-in-older-adults
#13
Leticia Elizondo-Montemayor, Elena C Castillo, Carlos Rodríguez-López, José R Villarreal-Calderón, Merit Gómez-Carmona, Sofia Tenorio-Martínez, Bianca Nieblas, Gerardo García-Rivas
Vitamin D deficiency is present even in sunny regions. Ageing decreases pre-vitamin D production in the skin and is associated with altered cytokine profile. We performed a multivariate analysis considering lifestyle factors, anthropometric, and inflammatory markers according to seasonal variation in Mexican healthy older adults. The same cohort was followed during 12 months. Vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency was found in 91.3% of the subjects despite living in appropriate latitude (25°40'0″N). 25(OH)D levels remained below <30 ng/mL through all seasons...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102773/appropriate-neck-circumference-cut-off-points-for-metabolic-syndrome-in-turkish-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#14
Ismail Ozkaya, Bulent Yardimci, Aydin Tunckale
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between neck circumference (NC), overweight, and metabolic syndrome (MS) in Turkish patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A total of 264 diabetic patients (mean age: 52.9±8.1 years) were recruited from two centers in Istanbul to perform anthropometric measurements, including waist and hip circumference, NC, and body mass index. Blood pressure, fasting glucose, and lipid profile (total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride levels) were determined...
November 1, 2017: Endocrinología, diabetes y nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101069/association-between-fto-gene-polymorphisms-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-serum-levels-of-apelin-and-androgen-hormones-among-iranian-obese-women
#15
Farzaneh Ghafarian Alipour, Shayan Ziaee, Mohamad Reza Ashoori, Mir Saeid Zakeri, Mohammad Ali Boroumand, Naser Aghamohammadzadeh, Maryam Abbasi-Majdi, Fatemeh Shool, Navid Sarakhs Asbaghi, Abolghasem Mohammadi, Nosratollah Zarghami
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Recent studies show that FTO single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). On the other hand, many animal models and clinical studies have demonstrated that apelin, an adipocytokine, is related to the obesity and T2DM. Additionally, obese women are at risk of Hyperandrogenemia. So, the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between FTO variants (rs763967273, rs759031579, rs141115189, rs9926289, rs76804286 and rs9939609) with T2DM, serum apelin and androgenic hormones in Iranian obese women...
October 31, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094277/association-of-anthropometric-indices-with-continuous-metabolic-syndrome-in-children-and-adolescents-the-caspian-v-study
#16
Hanieh-Sadat Ejtahed, Mostafa Qorbani, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Pooneh Angoorani, Shirin Hasani-Ranjbar, Hasan Ziaodini, Majzoubeh Taheri, Zeinab Ahadi, Shaghayegh Beshtar, Tahereh Aminaee, Ramin Heshmat, Roya Kelishadi
PURPOSE: This study aims to examine the association of anthropometric indices with continuous metabolic syndrome (cMetS) among Iranian children and adolescents. METHODS: This multicentric study was conducted on 14138 students aged 7-18 years, who participated in a national surveillance program. Fasting blood sample was obtained from a subsample of 3843 randomly selected students. Physical examination including the measurement of anthropometric indices and blood pressure was conducted; fasting blood glucose and lipid profile were measured; and cMetS score was computed...
November 1, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089365/cardiometabolic-healthy-and-unhealthy-obesity-does-vitamin-d-play-a-role
#17
Eliana Piantanida, Daniela Gallo, Giovanni Veronesi, Eugenia Dozio, Eugenia Trotti, Adriana Lai, Silvia Ippolito, Jessica Sabatino, Maria Laura Tanda, Antonio Toniolo, Marco Ferrario, Luigi Bartalena
The aim of this observational study was to clarify the link between vitamin D status and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in people with visceral obesity. Design and methods One-hundred-ninety-six consecutive patients (152 women; mean age 51±13 years) with visceral obesity [mean body weight 103±20 Kg, mean waist circumference (WC) 119±13 cm] were enrolled at the Obesity Outpatient Clinic of the University of Insubria in Varese. Anthropometric measurements were recorded. Laboratory tests, including vitamin D [25(OH)D)], fasting blood glucose (FBG), lipid profile, liver and kidney function tests were assessed...
October 31, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083445/the-gene-diet-associations-in-postmenopausal-women-with-newly-diagnosed-dyslipidemia
#18
B Grygiel-Górniak, E Kaczmarek, M Mosor, J Przysławski, J Nowak
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between polymorphisms of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor - PPAR gamma-2 (Pro12Ala, C1431T) and beta 3-adrenergic receptor - ADRB3 (Trp64Arg) and dietary habits in a group of postmenopausal women who were not under hypolipidemic treatment. DESIGN: Genetic, nutritional and anthropometric parameters were measured in 213 dyslipidemic (LDL ≥115 mg/dL) and 58 normolipidemic (LDL<115) postmenopausal women...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080393/lipid-profile-pattern-in-pediatric-overweight-population-with-or-without-nafld-in-relation-to-idf-criteria-for-metabolic-syndrome-a-preliminary-study
#19
Anca Bălănescu, Paul Bălănescu, Valentina Comanici, Iustina Stan, Beata Acs, Laura Prisăcariu, Florin Brezan, Tatiana Ciomârtan, Ioan Gherghina
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of this study is to assess the lipid profile pattern of pediatric overweight and/or obese patients with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) in relation to IDF Consensus Criteria for Metabolic Syndrome (MetS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional preliminary study on 45 consecutive pediatric patients. Overweight or obese children aged from 3 to 18 years were included. Standardized measurement of blood pressure and anthropometric parameters were performed...
October 26, 2017: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079604/cohort-profile-a-nationwide-cohort-of-finnish-military-recruits-born-in-1958-to-study-the-impact-of-lifestyle-factors-in-early-adulthood-on-disease-outcomes
#20
Jorma Sormunen, Melina Arnold, Isabelle Soerjomataram, Eero Pukkala
PURPOSE: The cohort was set up to study the impact of lifestyle factors in early adulthood on disease outcomes, with a focus on assessing the influence of body composition and physical performance in early adulthood on subsequent cancer risk. PARTICIPANTS: Men born in 1958 who performed their military service between the ages of 17 and 30 years were included in this study (n=31 158). They were eligible for military service if they were healthy or had only minor health problems diagnosed at the beginning of their service...
October 27, 2017: BMJ Open
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