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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786448/serum-rbp4-positively-correlates-with-triglyceride-level-but-not-with-bmi-fat-mass-and-insulin-resistance-in-healthy-obese-and-non-obese-individuals
#1
Emilia Korek, Magdalena Gibas-Dorna, Zuzanna Chęcińska-Maciejewska, Hanna Krauss, Małgorzata Łagiedo-Żelazowska, Barbara Kołodziejczak, Paweł Bogdański
PURPOSE: Retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) has recently been identified as an adipokine possibly involved in the development of impaired glucose metabolism. We aimed to test serum RBP4 in healthy non-obese individuals and in patients with well-characterized phenotype: obesity without confounding effects of diabetes, metabolic syndrome or dyslipidemia. Additionally, we examined whether serum RBP4 is associated with anthropometric parameters, insulin resistance and blood lipid parameters...
May 22, 2018: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785940/metabolic-effects-safety-and-acceptability-of-very-low-calorie-ketogenic-dietetic-scheme-on-candidates-for-bariatric-surgery
#2
Vincenzo Pilone, Salvatore Tramontano, Michele Renzulli, Mafalda Romano, Luigi Cobellis, Tiziano Berselli, Luigi Schiavo
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated significant advantages from a preoperative dietetic regimen for candidates to bariatric procedure. OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of safety, efficacy, and acceptability of a very low-calorie ketogenic diet in patients before bariatric surgery. SETTING: University Hospital. METHODS: A standardized 30-day sequential preoperative diet regimen has been analyzed, optimizing metabolic response with gradual carbohydrate reintroduction...
March 21, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783163/maternal-hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal-hpa-system-activity-and-stress-during-pregnancy-effects-on-gestational-age-and-infant-s-anthropometric-measures-at-birth
#3
Maria Gilles, Henrike Otto, Isabell A C Wolf, Barbara Scharnholz, Verena Peus, Michael Schredl, Marc W Sütterlin, Stephanie H Witt, Marcella Rietschel, Manfred Laucht, Michael Deuschle
BACKGROUND: Prenatal maternal stress might be a risk for the developing fetus and may have long-lasting effects on child and adult vulnerability to somatic and psychiatric disease. Over-exposure of the unborn to excess glucocorticoids and subsequent alteration of fetal development is hypothesized to be one of the key mechanisms linking prenatal stress with negative child outcome. METHODS: In this prospective longitudinal study, mothers-to-be (n = 405) in late pregnancy (36...
April 22, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779870/central-adiposity-markers-plasma-lipid-profile-and-cardiometabolic-risk-prediction-in-overweight-obese-individuals
#4
Rocco Barazzoni, Gianluca Gortan Cappellari, Annamaria Semolic, Mario Ius, Michela Zanetti, Antonio Gabrielli, Pierandrea Vinci, Gianfranco Guarnieri, Giorgio Simon
BACKGROUND: Waist circumference (WC) is the currently recommended marker of central fat for cardiometabolic risk screening. Alternative surrogate markers have been recently proposed to better reflect the metabolic impact of central fat accumulation per se, based on WC normalization by height (Weight-to-Height Ratio - WtoH; Body Roundness Index - BRI) or body mass index (BMI) without (A Body Shape Index - ABSI) or with inclusion of plasma triglyceride and HDL-cholesterol concentrations (Visceral Adiposity Index - VAI)...
May 8, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768692/prevalence-of-subclinical-hypothyroidism-in-obese-children-or-adolescents-and-association-between-thyroid-hormone-and-the-components-of-metabolic-syndrome
#5
Hye Young Jin
AIM: Subclinical hypothyroidism is defined as elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels with the normal concentrations of thyroxine (T4) or free thyroxine (fT4), and its clinical significance is unclear. The purpose of this study is to investigate the prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism in children and adolescents and determine the relationship between lipid profiles, insulin resistance and thyroid hormones. METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional study was performed using data from a subset of the KNHANES VI...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765328/long-term-consumption-of-cuban-policosanol-lowers-central-and-brachial-blood-pressure-and-improves-lipid-profile-with-enhancement-of-lipoprotein-properties-in-healthy-korean-participants
#6
Suk-Jeong Kim, Dhananjay Yadav, Hye-Jeong Park, Jae-Ryong Kim, Kyung-Hyun Cho
Metabolic syndrome is closely associated with higher risk of hypertension, cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes and stroke. The aim of the present study was to investigate the long-term effects of policosanol supplementation on blood pressure (BP) and the lipid profile in healthy Korean participants with pre-hypertension (systolic 120-139 mmHg, diastolic 85-89 mmHg). This randomized, double-blinded, and placebo-controlled trial included 84 healthy participants who were randomly assigned to three groups receiving 10 mg of policosanol, 20 mg of policosanol, or placebo for 24 weeks...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763461/night-shift-work-exposure-profile-and-obesity-baseline-results-from-a-chinese-night-shift-worker-cohort
#7
Miaomiao Sun, Wenting Feng, Feng Wang, Liuzhuo Zhang, Zijun Wu, Zhimin Li, Bo Zhang, Yonghua He, Shaohua Xie, Mengjie Li, Joan P C Fok, Gary Tse, Martin C S Wong, Jin-Ling Tang, Samuel Y S Wong, Jelle Vlaanderen, Greg Evans, Roel Vermeulen, Lap Ah Tse
AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate the associations between types of night shift work and different indices of obesity using the baseline information from a prospective cohort study of night shift workers in China. METHODS: A total of 3,871 workers from five companies were recruited from the baseline survey. A structured self-administered questionnaire was employed to collect the participants' demographic information, lifetime working history, and lifestyle habits...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761548/variation-of-carotid-intima-media-thickness-with-body-mass-index-in-healthy-adults-of-black-african-descent
#8
Adesola Abiodun Asaleye, Kolawole Thomas Braimoh, Olalekan Ibukun Oyinloye, Christianah Mopelola Asaleye, Adeleye Dorcas Omisore
OBJECTIVES: Studies have shown that common carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) measured by B-mode sonography increases with body mass index (BMI) among subjects with cardiovascular diseases in different populations. However, association of body fat and subclinical atherosclerosis in the absence of these cardiovascular diseases is understudied. We aimed to evaluate the correlation between BMI and CIMT in a healthy adult population of black African ancestry. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional prospective study in 300 consecutive apparently healthy subjects aged 18 to 70 years without history of hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, and renal disease...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760679/hematocrit-values-predict-carotid-intimal-media-thickness-in-obese-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Giovanni Tarantino, Luigi Barrea, Domenico Capone, Vincenzo Citro, Teresa Mosca, Silvia Savastano
Background: Literature data suggest with some criticism that full-fledged cardiovascular (CV) events (acute or chronic) are likely predicted by blood components, which are reported to be associated with the presence/severity of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This study was aimed at determining which marker(s) derived from blood count, such as white blood cells, neutrophils, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, platelet count, hemoglobin, mean corpuscular volume, hematocrit values were associated with ear or subclinical atherosclerosis, in obese patients of various classes suffering from NAFLD...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756959/reduced-serotonin-levels-after-a-lifestyle-intervention-in-obese-children-association-with-glucose-and-anthropometric-measurements
#10
Ana Ojeda-Rodríguez, Lydia Morell-Azanza, María Cristina Azcona-Sanjulián, J Alfredo Martínez, María J Ramirez, Amelia Marti
BACKGROUND: serotonin signaling participates in body weight regulation and glucose metabolism. However, little information is available on circulating serotonin levels in obese subjects after a weight loss program. We aimed to assess the effect of a lifestyle intervention on serotonin levels in obese children and possible associations with anthropometric and blood glucose measurements. METHODS: forty-four obese children were enrolled in a ten-week lifestyle intervention consisting of a moderate caloric restriction diet, nutritional education and familial involvement...
March 1, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756957/nutritional-outcomes-in-children-with-epidermolysis-bullosa-long-term-follow-up
#11
Ana Paula Caio Zidório, Dryelle Oliveira Dias Leão, Kenia Mara Baiocchi De Carvalho, Eliane Said Dutra
BACKGROUND: some types of epidermolysis bullosa (EB) have extracutaneous manifestations. Manifestations that limit food intake and absorption may compromise nutritional status and increasing nutritional requirements. OBJECTIVES: to investigate the following nutritional status indicators: exclusive breastfeeding duration, problems caused by the introduction of complementary foods, birth weight and length, and growth curves of children with EB. METHODS: assessment was based on the World Health Organization (WHO) growth charts...
January 19, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751656/dietary-fibre-intake-in-australia-paper-i-associations-with-demographic-socio-economic-and-anthropometric-factors
#12
Flavia Fayet-Moore, Tim Cassettari, Kate Tuck, Andrew McConnell, Peter Petocz
Dietary fibre is important for regular laxation and reduces chronic disease risk. The National Health and Medical Research Council outlines daily fibre intake targets, yet the proportion of the population that meets these targets is unknown. Using the 2011⁻2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, we profiled fibre intake among Australian children and adults. Data from one-day dietary recalls were analysed ( n = 12,153, ≥2 years) as well as demographic and anthropometric factors. The median fibre intake was 18...
May 11, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750045/testosterone-obesity-and-waist-circumference-as-determinants-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-saudi-women
#13
Sameer H Fatani, Nazik Altayeb Abdelbasit, Hiba S Al-Amodi, Maowia Mohamed Mukhtar, Abdullatif Taha Babakr
Background: High serum total testosterone is associated with metabolic syndrome (MS). This study aimed to identify possible alterations in total testosterone and their relationship with plasma glucose, blood pressure, and serum lipid profile. Methods: One hundred forty-two female subjects were selected to participate in this study, and they were recruited by consultant physicians from the Clinic and Medical Out-Patient, King Abdulaziz Hospital, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
2018: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747638/relations-of-lipid-parameters-other-variables-with-carotid-intima-media-thickness-and-plaque-in-the-general-chinese-adults-an-observational-study
#14
Qingtao Hou, Sheyu Li, Yun Gao, Haoming Tian
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) and lipid ratios, including total cholesterol (TC) / high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) / HDL-C, are better predictors for atherosclerosis than conventional lipid profiles. However, there have been few studies comparing the predictive values of different lipid parameters for early atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to determine the relevant factors of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and plaque in the general Chinese adults and analyze the predictive values of different lipid parameters for carotid IMT and plaque...
May 10, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745981/evaluation-of-biochemical-endocrine-and-metabolic-biomarkers-for-the-early-diagnosis-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-among-non-obese-saudi-women
#15
Maha H Daghestani
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential of selected biochemical, endocrine, and metabolic biomarkers for early diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) among non-obese women. METHODS: A prospective observational cross-sectional study was conducted at three medical centers in Makkah, Saudi Arabia, between July 15 and September 20, 2017. Eligible participants were non-obese women diagnosed with PCOS according to the Rotterdam criteria (n=44) and non-obese normo-ovulatory women without signs of PCOS (control group; n=44)...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743321/identical-anthropometric-characteristics-of-impaired-fasting-glucose-combined-with-impaired-glucose-tolerance-and-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-anthropometric-indicators-to-predict-hyperglycaemia-in-a-community-based-prospective-cohort-study-in-southwest
#16
Fang Zhang, Qin Wan, Hongyi Cao, Lizhi Tang, Daigang Li, Qingguo Lü, Zhe Yan, Jing Li, Qiu Yang, Yuwei Zhang, Nanwei Tong
OBJECTIVES: To assess the anthropometric characteristics of normoglycaemic individuals who subsequently developed hyperglycaemia, and to evaluate the validity of these measures to predict prediabetes and diabetes. DESIGN: A community-based prospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: In total, 1885 residents with euglycaemia at baseline from six communities were enrolled. SETTING: Sichuan, southwest China. PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The incidences of prediabetes and diabetes were the primary outcomes...
May 9, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740584/associations-between-dietary-antioxidant-intake-and-markers-of-atherosclerosis-in-middle-aged-women-from-north-western-algeria
#17
Mustapha Diaf, Meghit Boumediene Khaled
Background: The role of several dietary antioxidants in preventing the development and the progression of atherosclerosis has recently aroused considerable interest. Although they are not yet conclusive, most of the existing suggestions support this hypothesis. Objective: The aim of the present work was to investigate the intake of dietary antioxidant nutrients in relation to atherogenic indices in a group of Algerian middle aged women with and without type 2 diabetes. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a group of middle-aged women from the north western region of Algeria...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739326/the-impact-of-nontraditional-lipid-profiles-on-left-ventricular-geometric-abnormalities-in-general-chinese-population
#18
Haoyu Wang, Zhao Li, Xiaofan Guo, Yintao Chen, Ye Chang, Shuang Chen, Yingxian Sun
BACKGROUND: Despite current interest in the unfavorable impact of nontraditional lipid profiles on cardiovascular disease, information regarding its relations to abnormal left ventricular (LV) geometry has not been systemically elucidated. This study sought to understand predictive implication of nontraditional lipid profiles in specific LV geometric patterns in the general population of rural China. METHODS: Analyses were based upon a cross-sectional study of 10,756 participants (mean age 53...
May 8, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737801/the-impact-of-self-efficacy-education-based-on-the-health-belief-model-in-iranian-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomised-controlled-intervention-study
#19
Shooka Mohammadi, Norimah A Karim, Ruzita Abd Talib, Reza Amani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Type 2 diabetes is a chronic illness which can be managed by patients' commitment to self-care and self-efficacy behaviors. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled intervention study was carried out to determine the impact of self-efficacy education based on the Health Belief Model (HBM) in 240 patients with type 2 diabetes at the Golestan Hospital, Ahvaz, Iran between October 2014 and August 2015. The education duration was three months followed by a 24-week follow-up visit to determine the progress of the subjects...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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