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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338249/epidemiology-species-distribution-clinical-characteristics-and-mortality-of-candidaemia-in-a-tertiary-care-university-hospital-in-turkey-2007-2014
#1
Ayşegül Yeşilkaya, Özlem Azap, Mehtap Aydın, Mehtap Akçil Ok
Candidaemia still continues to be a serious medical concern and the epidemiology of candidaemia varies according to geographical areas. We aim to determine the incidence, local epidemiology, Candida species distribution and crude mortality rates of candidaemia. We retrospectively evaluated candidaemia episodes in between January 2007 and August 2014. We compared demographic, clinical, microbiological findings and mortality rates of episodes caused by Candida albicans and non-albicans Candida species. Overall the candidaemia incidences were 1...
March 24, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338163/-risk-factors-of-postoperative-urinary-retention-after-rectal-cancer-surgery
#2
Yong Zhao, Xiaoling Hou, Yujuan Zhao, Yingying Feng, Bin Zhang, Ke Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk factors of postoperative urinary retention after rectal cancer surgery. METHODS: Clinical data of 133 patients with rectal cancer undergoing radical surgery from January 2013 to September 2014 in the General Hospital of the PLA Rocket Force were retrospectively analyzed. Time to the first removal of urinary catheter, incidence of postoperative urinary retention, and time to re-insert indwelling catheter were recorded. Risk factors of urinary retention were analyzed...
March 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332134/clinical-characteristics-of-bladder-cancer-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-the-experience-from-a-single-centre
#3
Ralf Böthig, Ines Kurze, Kai Fiebag, Albert Kaufmann, Wolfgang Schöps, Thura Kadhum, Michael Zellner, Klaus Golka
INTRODUCTION: Life expectancy for people with spinal cord injury has shown a marked increase due to modern advances in treatment methods and in neuro-urology. However, since life expectancy of people with paralysis increases, the risk of developing of urinary bladder cancer is gaining importance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Single-centre retrospective evaluation of patient data with spinal cord injuries and proven urinary bladder cancer and summary of the literature...
March 22, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331776/urinary-tract-infections-in-hospitalized-ischemic-stroke-patients-source-and-impact-on-outcome
#4
Einar Bogason, Kathy Morrison, Omar Zalatimo, David M Ermak, Erik Lehman, Eric Markley, Kevin Cockroft
BACKGROUND:  Urinary tract infections (UTIs) in ischemic stroke patients are a common occurrence and the frequent focus of quality improvement initiatives. However, many UTIs are community-acquired and the impact of such infections on patient outcomes remains controversial. METHODS:  We conducted a retrospective analysis of our Stroke Center Database and electronic medical records to determine the incidence of both community-acquired UTI (CA-UTI) and hospital-acquired UTI (HA-UTI) in hospitalized ischemic stroke patients...
February 6, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331167/-percutaneous-fibrin-glue-injection-for-persistent-urinary-leakage-after-partial-nephrectomy-a-case-report
#5
Takuya Okada, Yuka Kono, Keiyu Matsumoto, Noriaki Utsunomiya, Hiroyuki Tsunemori, Mutsushi Kawakita
A 69-year-old man with left atrophic kidney was referred to our hospital because of a 5.7 cm solid mass in the lower pole of right kidney revealed by computed tomography for evaluation of aortic aneurysm. An open transperitoneal partial nephrectomy was performed, and final pathological diagnosis was clear cell carcinoma, grade 2, pT1b, pNx. One month postoperatively, a computed tomography revealed 16 cm retroperitoneal fluid collection which was diagnosed as urinoma due to urinary leakage from partial nephrectomy scar of the right lower calyx...
March 2017: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330520/definitional-change-in-nhsn-cauti-was-associated-with-an-increase-in-clabsi-events-evaluation-of-a-large-health-system
#6
Mohamad G Fakih, Clariecia Groves, Angelo Bufalino, Lisa K Sturm, Ann L Hendrich
BACKGROUND The National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) definition was revised as of January 2015 to exclude funguria and lower bacteriuria levels. We evaluated the effect of the CAUTI definition change on NHSN-defined central-line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) outcomes. METHODS We compared CAUTI and CLABSI NHSN-defined outcomes for calendar years 2014 and 2015 in the adult intensive care units (ICUs) of a single large health system. Changes in the event rates, the associated organisms, and the standardized infection ratio (SIR) were evaluated...
March 23, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328645/relationship-of-wound-ostomy-and-continence-certified-nurses-and-healthcare-acquired-conditions-in-acute-care-hospitals
#7
Diane K Boyle, Sandra Bergquist-Beringer, Emily Cramer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the (a) number and types of employed WOC certified nurses in acute care hospitals, (b) rates of hospital-acquired pressure injury (HAPI) and catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI), and (c) effectiveness of WOC certified nurses with respect to lowering HAPI and CAUTI occurrences. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of data from National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators. SUBJECTS AND SETTINGS: The sample comprised 928 National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators (NDNQI) hospitals that participated in the 2012 NDNQI RN Survey (source of specialty certification data) and collected HAPI, CAUTI, and nurse staffing data during the years 2012 to 2013...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322903/urological-management-and-complications-in-spinal-cord-injury-patients-a-40-to-50-year-follow-up-study
#8
Yunliang Gao, Teresa Danforth, David Ginsberg
OBJECTIVES: To assess the management and types of urological complications in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients and to explore the risk factors for these complications. METHODS: 43 SCI patients with a median follow-up of 45 (range 40 to 50) years were included in this retrospective study. All medical charts were reviewed for demographics, urological complications and bladder management. RESULTS: Recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) was noted in all patients, with an average incidence of 6...
March 16, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322213/chronic-monitoring-of-lower-urinary-tract-activity-via-a-sacral-dorsal-root-ganglia-interface
#9
Abeer Khurram, Shani Ross, Zachariah Sperry, Aileen Ouyang, Christopher Stephan, Ahmad Jiman, Tim M Bruns
OBJECTIVE: Our goal is to develop an interface that integrates chronic monitoring of lower urinary tract (LUT) activity with stimulation of peripheral pathways. APPROACH: Penetrating microelectrodes were implanted in sacral dorsal root ganglia (DRG) of adult male felines. Peripheral electrodes were placed on or in the pudendal nerve, bladder neck and near the external urethral sphincter. Supra-pubic bladder catheters were implanted for saline infusion and pressure monitoring...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320342/enhanced-recovery-after-elective-caesarean-a-rapid-review-of-clinical-protocols-and-an-umbrella-review-of-systematic-reviews
#10
Ellena Corso, Daniel Hind, Daniel Beever, Gordon Fuller, Matthew J Wilson, Ian J Wrench, Duncan Chambers
BACKGROUND: The rate of elective Caesarean Section (CS) is rising in many countries. Many obstetric units in the UK have either introduced or are planning to introduce enhanced recovery (ER) as a means of reducing length of stay for planned CS. However, to date there has been very little evidence produced regarding the necessary components of ER for the obstetric population. We conducted a rapid review of the composition of published ER pathways for elective CS and undertook an umbrella review of systematic reviews evaluating ER components and pathways in any surgical setting...
March 20, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320201/analysis-of-never-events-following-adult-cardiac-surgical-procedures-in-the-united-states
#11
Michael P Robich, Brianna M Krafcik, Nishant K Shah, Alik Farber, Denis Rybin, Jeffrey J Siracuse
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to determine the risk factors, nature, and outcomes of "never events" following open adult cardiac surgical procedures. Understanding of these events can reduce their occurrence, and thereby improve patient care, quality metrics, and cost reduction. METHODS: "Never events" for patients included in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample who underwent coronary artery bypass graft, heart valve repair/replacement, or thoracic aneurysm repair between 2003-2011 were documented...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314701/genitourinary-involvement-and-management-in-children-with-stevens-johnson-syndrome-and-toxic-epidermal-necrolysis
#12
J P Van Batavia, D I Chu, C J Long, M Jen, D A Canning, D A Weiss
BACKGROUND: Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are devastating hypersensitivity disorders that cause epidermal cell death and can affect all epidermal surfaces, including the urethra, vagina, labial and scrotal skin. Despite the well-described ocular and orofacial manifestations of SJS/TEN, there is a paucity of reports on the genitourinary (GU) symptoms and their management. Specifically, consulting services often ask the pediatric urology team if it is safe to place a urethral catheter, but there is no data in the literature to help guide management...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314642/hypotensive-effects-of-renal-denervation-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rat-based-on-ultrasonic-contrast-imaging
#13
Ke Li, Jinwen Tian, Yuxiao Zhang, Qiao Xue, Caiyi Lu
BACKGROUND: Sympathetic nerves-fire rate is generally enhanced in some types of hypertension models. Renal sympathetic denervation(RSD) by the radiofrequency ablation was used to treat the hypertension has achieved curative effect.HTN-1 and HTN-2 trial reported catheter-based renal denervation may cause substantial and sustained blood-pressure reduction in patients with resistant hypertension. However, recent controlled HTN-3 trial questioned the BP lowering effect of Renal denervation treatment...
February 9, 2017: Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics: the Official Journal of the Computerized Medical Imaging Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306195/influence-of-caudal-block-on-postoperative-oliguria-in-infants-undergoing-bilateral-ureteroneocystostomy-a-retrospective-analysis
#14
Hyun Jeong Lee, Yong Seon Choi, Bon-Nyeo Koo, Sang Won Han, Young Eun Cho, Young Jae Im, Jae Hoon Lee
BACKGROUND: Caudal block has been widely used in children undergoing genitourinary surgery. However, the influence of caudal block on postoperative oliguria is unclear. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of caudal block on urinary flow through the reimplanted ureter after ureteroneocystostomy and the incidence of postoperative oliguria in infants. METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed the medical records of 121 infants aged less than 12 months who underwent bilateral ureteroneocystostomy for vesicoureteral reflux at a tertiary medical center...
March 17, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303818/biofilm-formation-capability-of-enterococcal-strains-causing-urinary-tract-infection-vis-a-vis-colonisation-and-correlation-with-enterococcal-surface-protein-gene
#15
Shubha Garg, Balvinder Mohan, Neelam Taneja
BACKGROUND: Data regarding differences in biofilm formation among urinary isolates of enterococci causing nosocomial infection versus asymptomatic colonisation is lacking. Conflicting data are available for the role of enterococcal surface protein (esp) gene in the development of enterococcal biofilms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 50 (25 each of asymptomatic bacteriuria and urinary tract infection (UTI) isolates were collected from admitted patients who had nosocomial acquisition of enterococci in urine culture (≥105 cfu/ml)...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299769/the-effect-of-urinary-catheters-on-microbial-biofilms-and-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infections
#16
Sahra Kirmusaoglu, Seyhun Yurdugül, Ahmet Metin, Suphi Vehid
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to determine relationship between biofilm producer microorganisms attached to urinary catheters (UCs) and urinary catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs), to determine the rate of CAUTI development and the relationship between CAUTI and catheterization period in catheterized patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Urinary catheters from 143 inpatients who were hospitalized in Abant Izzet Baysal University Hospital Urinary Service, and urine samples of these patients before and after catheterization of urinarycatheter were collected...
March 16, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289972/impact-of-laparoscopy-on-adherence-to-an-enhanced-recovery-pathway-and-readiness-for-discharge-in-elective-colorectal-surgery-results-from-the-perioperative-italian-society-registry
#17
Marco Braga, Felice Borghi, Marco Scatizzi, Giancarlo Missana, Marco Azzola Guicciardi, Stefano Bona, Ferdinando Ficari, Marianna Maspero, Nicolò Pecorelli
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies reported that laparoscopic surgery (LPS) improved postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing colorectal surgery within an enhanced recovery program (ERP). However, the effect of minimally invasive surgery on each ERP item has not been clarified, yet. The aim of this study is to assess the impact of LPS on adherence to ERP items and recovery as measured by time to readiness for discharge (TRD). METHODS: Prospectively collected data entered in an electronic Italian registry specifically designed for ERP were reviewed...
March 13, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289522/device-associated-infection-rates-mortality-length-of-stay-and-bacterial-resistance-in-intensive-care-units-in-ecuador-international-nosocomial-infection-control-consortium-s-findings
#18
Estuardo Salgado Yepez, Maria M Bovera, Victor D Rosenthal, Hugo A González Flores, Leonardo Pazmiño, Francisco Valencia, Nelly Alquinga, Vanessa Ramirez, Edgar Jara, Miguel Lascano, Veronica Delgado, Cristian Cevallos, Gasdali Santacruz, Cristian Pelaéz, Celso Zaruma, Diego Barahona Pinto
AIM: To report the results of the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC) study conducted in Quito, Ecuador. METHODS: A device-associated healthcare-acquired infection (DA-HAI) prospective surveillance study conducted from October 2013 to January 2015 in 2 adult intensive care units (ICUs) from 2 hospitals using the United States Centers for Disease Control/National Healthcare Safety Network (CDC/NHSN) definitions and INICC methods. RESULTS: We followed 776 ICU patients for 4818 bed-days...
February 26, 2017: World Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288072/dissecting-leapfrog-how-well-do-leapfrog-safe-practices-scores-correlate-with-hospital-compare-ratings-and-penalties-and-how-much-do-they-matter
#19
Shawna N Smith, Heidi A Reichert, Jessica M Ameling, Jennifer Meddings
BACKGROUND: Voluntary Leapfrog Safe Practices Score (SPS) measures were among the first public reports of hospital performance. Recently, Medicare's Hospital Compare website has reported compulsory measures. Leapfrog's Hospital Safety Score (HSS) grades incorporate SPS and Medicare measures. We evaluate associations between Leapfrog SPS and Medicare measures, and the impact of SPS on HSS grades. METHODS: Using 2013 hospital data, we linked Leapfrog HSS data with central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) and catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) standardized infection ratios (SIRs), and Hospital Readmission and Hospital-Acquired Condition (HAC) Reduction Program penalties incorporating 2013 performance...
March 10, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283204/could-legal-requirements-in-nursing-practice-trigger-actions-that-would-change-the-rates-of-urinary-tract-infections-a-case-study-in-brazil
#20
Clesnan Mendes-Rodrigues, Eliana Borges Silva Pereira, Renata Lemos de Sousa Neto, Jaqueline Resende, Astrídia Marília de Souza Fontes
We evaluated the influence of a Brazilian resolution, published in 2013, that restricts the performing of urinary catheterization to nurses, as opposed to others from different nursing professional categories, on indicators of catheter-associated urinary tract infection in an intensive care unit. The resolution triggered actions such as the implementation of protocols and nursing staff training that led to behavior changes related to the reduction of catheter-associated urinary tract infection rates.
March 7, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
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