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Horseshoe kidney

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118544/the-rarest-phenomenon-of-flexible-ureterolithotripsy-kidney-stone-in-supernumerary-type-combination-with-a-horseshoe-kidney
#1
Musab Ilgi, Cemil Kutsal, Cumhur Yesildal, Ayhan Dalkilinc, Sinan Levent Kirecci
The horseshoe kidney (HSK) is common and supernumerary kidney is the rarest developmental anomaly of the urogenital system. The supernumerary kidney in a HSK conjunction is extremely rare, and prevalence of it is unknown. A review of literature, there have been a few case reports about the supernumerary and HSK combination, however, none of which also had a concomitant kidney stone and obstructive pathology. Our case indicated that patient referred to flank pain and visible hematuria to our clinic, and further investigations demonstrate supernumerary kidney in a horseshoe configuration and kidney stone...
October 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118539/laparoscopic-heminephrectomy-in-horseshoe-kidneys-a-single-center-experience
#2
Santosh Agrawal, Jaisukh Kalathia, Saurabh Sudhir Chipde, Udit Mishra, Anurag Tyagi, Sanjay Parashar
Introduction: Laparoscopic approach in horseshoe kidney (HSK) is a challenge because of the aberrant vessels, the renal isthmus and the renal ectopia are all unique features of this anomaly encountered during the surgery. We report our single center experience with this technique in managing three patients with HSK. Methods: A total of 15 cases (9 males and 6 females) were operated between June 2011 and December 2016 for various indications. Of these four patients were managed laparoscopically, two patients with HSK had non-functioning renal moiety underwent transperitoneal heminephrectomy...
October 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078159/challenging-case-of-horseshoe-kidney-double-fracture
#3
Francesco Cortese, Pietro Fransvea, Roberto Marcello, Alessandra Saputelli, Luca Lepre, Aldo Gioffrè, Gabriele Sganga
INTRODUCTION: Renal injuries occur in 10% of blunt abdominal traumas, 7% of these occur in kidneys with congenital or acquired disorders. Trauma of horseshoe kidney is an uncommon finding. PRESENTATION OF A CASE: We present the case of 31 year-old caucasian man with no remarkable personal records, who was brought to our Trauma Unit soon after being involved in a motorcycle collision. A Contrast Enhanced - Multi Detector Computed Tomography (ce-MDCT) revealed a double disconnection of a horseshoe kidney...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034019/hybrid-repair-of-an-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-debranching-with-endovascular-aneurysm-repair-in-a-patient-with-horseshoe-kidney
#4
Keiwa Kin, Hiroshi Takano, Takaya Nakagawa, Yukitoshi Shirakawa
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) with associated horseshoe kidney (HSK) poses a technical challenge when performing conventional open surgical repair because of possible complications including renal infarction, neuralgia, and collecting system disruption. Endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) is considered the first-line treatment for this pathology, allowing for aneurysm repair without isthmus bisection. However, whether to sacrifice commonly presenting aberrant renal arteries during EVAR is a point of controversy...
March 24, 2017: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977105/flexible-ureterorenoscopy-in-position-or-fusion-anomaly-is-it-feasible
#5
Rafael Haddad Astolfi, Gustavo Freschi, Fernando Figueiredo Berti, Nelson Gattas, Wilson Rica Molina, Alex Meller
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the results of flexible ureterorenoscopy (F-URS) with holmium laser in the treatment of kidney stones with ectopic and fusion anomalies (horseshoe kidney and rotation anomalies). METHOD: We reviewed data from 13 patients with fusion and ectopic renal anomalies that underwent F-URS from April 2011 to April 2017. We analyzed demographic and clinical data (age, gender, BMI, anatomical abnormality, location and dimension of the renal calculi) and perioperative data (method of treatment, stone-free rate, number of days with DJ catheter and perioperative complications)...
August 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952685/-laparoscopic-pyelolithotomy-and-its-role-in-modern-surgery-of-nephrolithiasis
#6
P V Glybochko, Yu G Alyaev, L M Rapoport, M E Enikeev, D G Tsarichenko, E V Shpot, D O Korolev, A A Vorobyev, D V Enikeev
AIM: To determine the place of laparoscopic pyelolithotomy in surgical management of nephrolithiasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 16 laparoscopic pyelolithotomies performed in our clinic over the last few years for large and stag-horn stones of anomalous kidneys (n=8), the "giant" (>30-40 cc) monolithic stones of the large extrarenal pelvis (n=3), multiple stones of PCS with the stone burden of more or equal 40 cm (n=2) and large recurrent (after PCNL) kidney stones in patients at risk of bacteriotoxic complications of percutaneous nephroscopy (n=3)...
September 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893484/-renal-abnormalities-in-down-syndrome-a-review
#7
C Niamien-Attai, J Bacchetta, B Ranchin, D Sanlaville, P Cochat
Down syndrome (DS) is often associated with cardiac malformations, so that kidney damage is little known. The objective of this study was to present the diversity of renal abnormalities and their potential progression to chronic renal failure. Among congenital abnormalities of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) abnormalities appear to be frequent: pyelectasis, megaureters, posterior urethra valves, as well as renal malformations such as renal hypoplasia, horseshoe kidney, or renal ectopia. Contributing factors to acute kidney failure have been described in patients with DS: bilateral lesions and minor renal injury, such as glomerular microcysts, tubular dilation, and immature glomeruli...
September 8, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882781/ureteroscopic-urinary-stone-treatment-among-patients-with-renal-anomalies-patient-characteristics-and-treatment-outcomes
#8
Jaap D Legemate, Barbaros Baseskioglu, Jakub Dobruch, Jorge Gutierrez-Aceves, Oscar Negrete, Carlos Rioja Sanz, Muharrem Murat Yildiz, Jean J M C H de la Rosette
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate patients' characteristics, surgical procedure data, and outcomes of ureterorenoscopy (URS) stone treatment in patients with a horseshoe kidney (HSK), ectopic kidney (EK), and malrotated kidney (MK). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a subanalysis of the Clinical Research Office of the Endourological Society URS Global Study, which was a prospective multicenter observational study, collecting data on URS stone treatment from consecutive patients over a 1-year period...
September 4, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804662/fungal-bezoar-a-rare-cause-of-ureteral-obstruction
#9
Nabil Zeineddine, Wissam Mansour, Sandy El Bitar, Marco Campitelli, Neville Mobarakai
A 52-year-old male, with diabetes mellitus and alcoholic liver disease, presented to the Emergency Room for right flank pain of 3 days' duration, associated with dysuria. Physical examination revealed right flank tenderness with fever and hypotension; laboratory findings showed acute kidney injury and large blood and leucocytes in the urine. A CT abdomen and pelvis showed hydronephrosis of the right collecting system of a horseshoe kidney with air and hyperdense debris in the renal pelvis. Patient was treated for multisensitive Proteus mirabilis emphysematous pyelonephritis, and a right nephrostomy tube was inserted...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744072/multimodality-imaging-spectrum-of-complications-of-horseshoe-kidney
#10
Hardik U Shah, Vijayanadh Ojili
Horseshoe kidney is the most common congenital renal fusion anomaly with an incidence of 1 in 400-600 individuals. The most common type is fusion at the lower poles seen in greater than 90% of the cases, with the rest depicting fusion at the upper poles, resulting in an inverted horseshoe kidney. Embryologically, there are two theories hypothesizing the genesis of horseshoe kidney - mechanical fusion theory and teratogenic event theory. As an entity, horseshoe kidney is an association of two anatomic anomalies, namely, ectopia and malrotation...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721285/ureteroscopy-for-stone-disease-expanding-roles-in-the-modern-era
#11
REVIEW
Adrian Ho, Piyush Sarmah, Ewa Bres-Niewada, Bhaskar K Somani
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of urolithiasis is increasing worldwide and is causing significant morbidity and cost to the healthcare systems. While ureteroscopy (URS) has been established as a treatment option, our review highlights the expanding role of URS for the management of more complex stones and patients in the modern era. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ureteroscopy has shown to have good outcomes with stone free rates (SFR) comparable to other treatment modalities...
June 30, 2017: Central European Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690757/minimal-change-disease-in-horseshoe-kidney
#12
Yosr Chaabouni, Rahma Guesmi, Yosr Hentati, Khaoula Kammoun, Mohamed Ben Hmida, Zeineb Mnif, Tahya Boudawara, Jamil Hachicha
The horseshoe kidney is a frequent urological birth defect. The most frequent complications are urinary tract infections, stones and hydronephrosis. The occurrence of glomerular disease in horseshoe kidney is rare. Therefore, we report the first case of minimal change disease occurring in a patient with horseshoe kidney in literature. A 22-year-old Caucasian man without personal or family medical history admitted to the pneumology department for a pulmonary artery embolism. In presence of a generalized oedema, a biological assessment was performed yielding intense nephrotic syndrome with urine protein excretion 22g/day...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688135/-lying-down-adrenal-sign-there-are-exceptions-to-the-rule-among-fetuses-and-neonates
#13
Anand Majmudar, Harris L Cohen
A linear-shaped or "lying-down" adrenal gland is a sign often seen with the absence of the kidney in the renal fossa due to renal agenesis, renal ectopia, or horseshoe kidney. It is theorized that the presence of the kidney in the normal location within the renal fossa is important for the formation of the normal triangular inverted V or Y adrenal shape. There are exceptions to this rule whereby a kidney is missing from the renal fossa, yet a normal adrenal shape is present. This series looked at 18 cases of an empty renal fossa in fetal, neonatal, and pediatric patients and recorded the shape of the adrenal gland...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603157/anatomical-and-radiological-analyses-of-l-shaped-kidney-with-vascular-anomalies
#14
Joe Iwanaga, Koichi Watanabe, Tsuyoshi Saga, Nobuhiro Tahara, Yoko Tabira, Ayano Sakuragi, Keiko Kaji, Kiyoshi Takahashi, Koh-Ichi Yamaki
L-shaped kidney is a congenital anomaly. The disorder results in the kidney appearing very similar in shape to horseshoe kidney (also a congenital anomaly), but either the right or left kidney is located at a position lower than the other kidney. In this report, we describe a woman with L-shaped kidney, identified during anatomical dissection, and compare the findings with clinical data obtained before her death. We discuss the embryology of L-shaped kidney based on detailed anatomical data on the kidney and its vascular system obtained by means of gross anatomical, radiological, and histological examinations...
June 12, 2017: Kurume Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507908/renal-cell-carcinoma-in-a-pregnant-woman-with-horseshoe-kidney
#15
Anna Scavuzzo, Zael Santana Rios, Cristobal Diaz-Gomez, Beatriz Varguez Gonzalez, Victor Osornio-Sanchez, Edgar Bravo-Castro, Edgar Linden-Castro, Pedro Martinez-Cervera, Miguel Angel Jimenez-Rios
To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of renal cell carcinoma in kidney horseshoe diagnosed in the second trimester of pregnancy. We performed open radical nephrectomy when the pregnancy was completed. Kidney cancer is rare during pregnancy and the symptoms can be mimic urinary infection. The diagnosis and its management can be a challenge.
July 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506053/-laparoscopic-pyelolithotomy-in-a-horseshoe-kidney-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
Tateki Yoshino, Koji Wake, Tomoyuki Sugitani, Koji Kodama, Hiroaki Shiina, Hiroaki Yasumoto, Ayumi Kadowaki, Kazuo Kawakami
A 76-year-old man was introduced to our department with a right kidney stone. On the basis of further examination, he was diagnosed with a 23 mm right kidney stone accompanied with a horseshoe kidney. Retrograde pyelography and diuretic renogram revealed a non-obstructed right ureteropelvic junction. Finally, we chose laparoscopic pyelolithotomy via peritoneal approach because the stone was large and accompanied with a horseshoe kidney. The surgery took 165 minutes and the estimated blood loss was 25 ml. There were no minor or major complications...
April 2017: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480543/scrotal-extraperitoneal-ureteroinguinal-hernia-with-a-horseshoe-kidney
#17
Michael C Auld, Kylie Gallagher, Ahmad Ali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479783/recurrent-renal-calculi-in-coexistence-of-horseshoe-kidney-and-medullary-sponge-kidney
#18
Wisit Cheungpasitporn, Aditya S Pawar, Stephen B Erickson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443241/massive-renal-replacement-lipomatosis-with-foci-of-xanthogranulomatous-pyelonephritis-in-a-horseshoe-kidney
#19
Harutake Sawazaki, Daiji Araki, Kazunori Miyata, Keiichi Ito
Renal replacement lipomatosis (RRL) is a rare condition that occurs at the end of the spectrum of renal tissue replacement by fat. Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) is a granulomatous inflammation characterized by destruction of renal parenchyma and replacement by lipid-laden macrophages. We present the case of a 75-year-old man who complained of severe anemia 34 years after right nephrolithotomy. Computed tomography revealed a huge low-density mass with renal parenchyma atrophy on the right side of horseshoe kidney...
July 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440018/clear-cell-sarcoma-of-kidney-involving-a-horseshoe-kidney-and-harboring-egfr-internal-tandem-duplication
#20
Teresa Santiago, Michael R Clay, Elizabeth Azzato, Scott Newman, Israel Fernandez-Pineda, Kim E Nichols, Jinghui Zhang, James R Downing, Andrew Davidoff, Rachel C Brennan, David W Ellison
Clear cell sarcoma of kidney (CCSK) is a rare renal malignancy, previously unreported in horseshoe kidney (HSK). B-cell lymphoma 6 corepressor (BCOR) gene internal tandem duplication (ITD) was identified as a recurrent somatic alteration in approximately 85% of CCSKs. This and the YWHAE-NUTM2B/E fusion, the second most common recurrent molecular alteration in CCSK (10%), are considered to be mutually exclusive. However, there is a subset of CCSKs that do not harbor either the BCOR-ITD or YWHAE-NUTM2 translocation and lack known molecular alterations...
November 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
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