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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244011/a-deep-learning-method-for-lincrna-detection-using-auto-encoder-algorithm
#1
Ning Yu, Zeng Yu, Yi Pan
BACKGROUND: RNA sequencing technique (RNA-seq) enables scientists to develop novel data-driven methods for discovering more unidentified lincRNAs. Meantime, knowledge-based technologies are experiencing a potential revolution ignited by the new deep learning methods. By scanning the newly found data set from RNA-seq, scientists have found that: (1) the expression of lincRNAs appears to be regulated, that is, the relevance exists along the DNA sequences; (2) lincRNAs contain some conversed patterns/motifs tethered together by non-conserved regions...
December 6, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243354/effectiveness-of-extended-contact-interventions-for-weight-management-delivered-via-text-messaging-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
J R Job, B S Fjeldsoe, E G Eakin, M M Reeves
BACKGROUND: Extended contact interventions provide support for continued weight management (weight loss/prevention of weight regain) following a weight loss intervention. Text messages offer a medium for delivery in a potentially cost-effective, broad-reach manner. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine (i) the effectiveness of extended contact, text message interventions for adults in supporting weight management, and (ii) which intervention characteristics are common to those that are effective...
December 15, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242819/effects-of-e-cigarette-advertising-messages-and-cues-on-cessation-outcomes
#3
Catherine L Jo, Shelley D Golden, Seth M Noar, Christine Rini, Kurt M Ribisl
Objectives: We examined effects of e-cigarette ad messages and visual cues on outcomes related to combustible cigarette smoking cessation: smoking cessation intention, smoking urges, and immediate smoking behavior. Methods: US adult smokers (N = 3293) were recruited through Amazon Mechanical Turk and randomized to condition in a 3 (message: e-cigarette use anywhere, harm reduction, control) × 2 (e-cigarette cue presence or absence) between-subjects experiment. Stimuli were print ads for cigarette-like e-cigarettes ("cigalikes") that were manipulated for the experimental conditions...
January 1, 2018: Tobacco Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242721/message-from-the-president-elect-of-the-world-federation-of-nuclear-medicine-and-biology
#4
EDITORIAL
Dong Soo Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242585/risks-to-pollinators-and-pollination-from-invasive-alien-species
#5
REVIEW
Adam J Vanbergen, Anahí Espíndola, Marcelo A Aizen
Invasive alien species modify pollinator biodiversity and the services they provide that underpin ecosystem function and human well-being. Building on the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) global assessment of pollinators and pollination, we synthesize current understanding of invasive alien impacts on pollinators and pollination. Invasive alien species create risks and opportunities for pollinator nutrition, re-organize species interactions to affect native pollination and community stability, and spread and select for virulent diseases...
January 2018: Nature Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242175/developing-mhealth-messages-to-promote-postmenstrual-regulation-contraceptive-use-in-bangladesh-participatory-interview-study
#6
Elisabeth Eckersberger, Erin Pearson, Kathryn Andersen, Altaf Hossain, Katharine Footman, Kamal Kanti Biswas, Sadid Nuremowla, Kate Reiss
BACKGROUND: Abortions are restricted in Bangladesh, but menstrual regulation is an approved alternative, defined as a procedure of regulating the menstrual cycle when menstruation is absent for a short duration. Use of contraception after menstrual regulation can reduce subsequent unintended pregnancy, but in Bangladesh, the contraceptive method mix is dominated by short-term methods, which have higher discontinuation and failure rates. Mobile phones are a channel via which menstrual regulation clients could be offered contraceptive support after leaving the clinic...
December 14, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241427/risk-factor-knowledge-perceived-threat-and-protective-health-behaviors-implications-for-type-2-diabetes-control-in-rural-communities
#7
Samantha R Paige, Kelly K Bonnar, David R Black, Daniel C Coster
Purpose The purpose of this study was to explore how perceived threat of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is shaped by risk factor knowledge and promotes the engagement of protective health behaviors among rural adults. Methods Participants (N = 252) completed a cross-sectional mixed-mode survey. Chi-squared analyses were computed to examine differences in perceived threat by demographic factors and knowledge of T2D risk factors. Logistic regressions were conducted to examine the relationship between T2D perceived threat and engagement in physical activity and health screenings...
December 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241240/clinical-practice-informs-secure-messaging-benefits-and-best-practices
#8
Jolie N Haun, Wendy Hathaway, Margeaux Chavez, Nicole Antinori, Brian Vetter, Brian K Miller, Tracey L Martin, Lisa Kendziora, Kim M Nazi, Christine Melillo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240535/factors-associated-with-waterpipe-tobacco-smoking-among-lebanese-women
#9
Karim N Daou, Ibrahim R Bou-Orm, Salim M Adib
INTRODUCTION: Waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) has become a serious public health threat in the Middle-East and beyond. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence rates of cigarette and WTS among Lebanese women and describe characteristics associated with each behavior. METHODS: Secondary analysis of women's health data obtained in a national survey in 2010. RESULTS: Of 2255 selected women, 78% reported no or past long-term WTS...
December 14, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239914/message-from-the-editor
#10
Ralph J Damiano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239842/relative-rates-not-relative-risks-addressing-a-widespread-misinterpretation-of-hazard-ratios
#11
Rinku Sutradhar, Peter C Austin
The use of the Cox proportional hazards model is ubiquitous in modern medical research. Despite the widespread implementation of this model, the terminology and interpretation that is used to describe the estimate hazard ratio (HR) has become loose and, unfortunately, often incorrect. Although some journals offer guidelines that advise against reporting HRs as relative risks, these guidelines are frequently overlooked. Perhaps due to a lack of understanding, authors continue to interpret the resultant HR as a relative risk-such an interpretation is inappropriate and can be misleading...
November 7, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239271/how-can-we-keep-immigrant-travelers-healthy-health-challenges-experienced-by-canadian-south-asian-travelers-visiting-friends-and-relatives
#12
Rachel D Savage, Laura C Rosella, Natasha S Crowcroft, Jasleen Arneja, Eileen de Villa, Maureen Horn, Kamran Khan, Monali Varia
Immigrant travelers who visit friends and relatives (VFR travelers) experience substantially higher rates of travel-related infections than other travelers, in part due to low uptake of pretravel health advice. While barriers to accessing advice have been identified, better characterization is needed to inform targeted interventions. We sought to understand how South Asian VFR travelers perceived and responded to travel-related health risks by conducting group interviews with 32 adult travelers from an ethnoculturally diverse Canadian region...
December 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238948/antioxidants-for-preventing-and-reducing-muscle-soreness-after-exercise
#13
REVIEW
Mayur K Ranchordas, David Rogerson, Hora Soltani, Joseph T Costello
BACKGROUND: Muscle soreness typically occurs after intense exercise, unaccustomed exercise or actions that involve eccentric contractions where the muscle lengthens while under tension. It peaks between 24 and 72 hours after the initial bout of exercise. Many people take antioxidant supplements or antioxidant-enriched foods before and after exercise in the belief that these will prevent or reduce muscle soreness after exercise. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of antioxidant supplements and antioxidant-enriched foods for preventing and reducing the severity and duration of delayed onset muscle soreness following exercise...
December 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238195/cytokines-and-depression-in-cancer-patients-and-caregivers
#14
Madeline Li, Ekaterina Kouzmina, Megan McCusker, Danielle Rodin, Paul C Boutros, Christopher J Paige, Gary Rodin
Objective: A better understanding of the biobehavioral mechanisms underlying depression in cancer is required to translate biomarker findings into clinical interventions. We tested for associations between cytokines and the somatic and psychological symptoms of depression in cancer patients and their healthy caregivers. Patients and methods: The GRID Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (Ham-D) was administered to 61 cancer patients of mixed type and stage, 26 primary caregivers and 38 healthy controls...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237992/message-from-the-editor-in-chief
#15
Toyoaki Murohara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237584/a-mobile-text-message-intervention-to-reduce-repeat-suicidal-episodes-design-and-development-of-reconnecting-after-a-suicide-attempt-raft
#16
Mark Erik Larsen, Fiona Shand, Kirsten Morley, Philip J Batterham, Katherine Petrie, Bill Reda, Sofian Berrouiguet, Paul S Haber, Gregory Carter, Helen Christensen
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a leading cause of death, particularly among young people. Continuity of care following discharge from hospital is critical, yet this is a time when individuals often lose contact with health care services. Offline brief contact interventions following a suicide attempt can reduce the number of repeat attempts, and text message (short message service, SMS) interventions are currently being evaluated. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to extend postattempt caring contacts by designing a brief Web-based intervention targeting proximal risk factors and the needs of this population during the postattempt period...
December 13, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237583/high-yield-hiv-testing-facilitated-linkage-to-care-and-prevention-for-female-youth-in-kenya-girls-study-implementation-science-protocol-for-a-priority-population
#17
Irene Inwani, Nok Chhun, Kawango Agot, Charles M Cleland, Jasmine Buttolph, Harsha Thirumurthy, Ann E Kurth
BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa is the region with the highest HIV burden. Adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in the age range of 15 to 24 years are twice as likely as their male peers to be infected, making females in sub-Saharan Africa the most at-risk group for HIV infection. It is therefore critical to prioritize access to HIV testing, prevention, and treatment for this vulnerable population. OBJECTIVE: Using an implementation science framework, the purpose of this research protocol was to describe the approaches we propose to optimize engagement of AGYW in both the HIV prevention and care continuum and to determine the recruitment and testing strategies that identify the highest proportion of previously undiagnosed HIV infections...
December 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237439/supporting-men-through-their-transition-to-fatherhood-with-messages-delivered-to-their-smartphones-a-feasibility-study-of-sms4dads
#18
Richard Fletcher, Francis Kay-Lambkin, Chris May, Christopher Oldmeadow, John Attia, Lucy Leigh
BACKGROUND: The transition to parenthood can be a challenging time, in which both mothers and fathers experience increased risk of distress and depression. Mothers are more likely than fathers to engage with services and have their mental health monitored and attended to during the perinatal period. The present study aimed to explore whether smartphone technology could be used to address fathers' needs across their transition to fatherhood. METHODS: A corpus of messages, including linked information and mood tracking software, was designed to support and enhance paternal relationships with their babies, their partners and themselves across the perinatal period...
December 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237429/using-theory-based-messages-to-motivate-u-s-pregnant-women-to-prevent-cytomegalovirus-infection-results-from-formative-research
#19
Denise M Levis, Christina L Hillard, Simani M Price, Erika Reed-Gross, Erika Bonilla, Minal Amin, Jennifer D Stowell, Rebekah Clark, Delaney Johnson, Karen Mask, Cynthia Carpentieri, Michael J Cannon
BACKGROUND: An estimated 1 in 150 infants is born each year with congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV); nearly 1 in 750 suffers permanent disabilities. Congenital CMV is the result of a pregnant woman becoming infected with CMV. Educating pregnant women about CMV is currently the best approach to prevention. Limited research is available on how to effectively communicate with women about CMV. We conducted formative research on fear appeals theory-based messages about CMV and prevention with U...
December 14, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237420/development-of-mobile-technologies-for-the-prevention-of-cervical-cancer-in-santiago-chile-study-protocol-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
McKenzie C Momany, Javiera Martinez-Gutierrez, Mauricio Soto, Daniel Capurro, Francis Ciampi, Beti Thompson, Klaus Puschel
BACKGROUND: In Chile, more than 500 women die every year from cervical cancer, and a majority of Chilean women are not up-to-date with their Papanicolau (Pap) test. Mobile health has great potential in many health areas, particularly in health promotion and prevention. There are no randomized controlled trials in Latin America assessing its use in cervical cancer screening. The 'Development of Mobile Technologies for the Prevention of Cervical Cancer in Santiago, Chile' study aims to determine the efficacy of a text-message intervention on Pap test adherence among Chilean women in the metropolitan region of Santiago...
December 13, 2017: BMC Cancer
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