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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054091/early-adolescents-body-dysmorphic-symptoms-as-compensatory-responses-to-parental-appearance-messages-and-appearance-based-rejection-sensitivity
#1
Kelly Densham, Haley J Webb, Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck, Drew Nesdale, Geraldine Downey
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is marked by high distress and behavioral and functional impairments due to preoccupation with perceived appearance anomalies. Our aim was to examine parental correlates of offspring's symptoms characteristic of BDD, testing both direct associations and indirect associations via appearance-based rejection sensitivity (appearance-RS). Surveys were completed by 302 Australian adolescents (9-14 years) and their parents. Findings indicated parents' weight and appearance teasing and child-report (but not parent-report) of parental negative attitudes about weight and appearance were uniquely associated with offspring's heightened BDD-like symptoms, and associations were partially indirect via adolescents' appearance-RS...
October 17, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053623/transfer-efficient-face-routing-using-the-planar-graphs-of-neighbors-in-high-density-wsns
#2
Eun-Seok Cho, Yongbin Yim, Sang-Ha Kim
Face routing has been adopted in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) where topological changes occur frequently or maintaining full network information is difficult. For message forwarding in networks, a planar graph is used to prevent looping, and because long edges are removed by planarization and the resulting planar graph is composed of short edges, and messages are forwarded along multiple nodes connected by them even though they can be forwarded directly. To solve this, face routing using information on all nodes within 2-hop range was adopted to forward messages directly to the farthest node within radio range...
October 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053581/the-light-node-communication-framework-a-new-way-to-communicate-inside-smart-homes
#3
Valère Plantevin, Abdenour Bouzouane, Sebastien Gaboury
The Internet of things has profoundly changed the way we imagine information science and architecture, and smart homes are an important part of this domain. Created a decade ago, the few existing prototypes use technologies of the day, forcing designers to create centralized and costly architectures that raise some issues concerning reliability, scalability, and ease of access which cannot be tolerated in the context of assistance. In this paper, we briefly introduce a new kind of architecture where the focus is placed on distribution...
October 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053386/promoting-health-from-the-pulpit-a-process-evaluation-of-hiv-sermons-to-reduce-hiv-stigma-and-promote-testing-in-african-american-and-latino-churches
#4
Denise D Payán, Karen R Flórez, Laura M Bogart, David E Kanouse, Michael A Mata, Clyde W Oden, Kathryn P Derose
Embedding health messages into sermons is a potentially valuable strategy to address HIV and other health disparities in churches that predominantly serve racial and ethnic minorities. This study explores implementation of an HIV sermon as part of a multi-component intervention in three churches (Latino Catholic, Latino Pentecostal, and African American Baptist) in high HIV prevalence areas of Los Angeles County, California. Clergy were given an HIV sermon guide that included local public health data, stigma reduction cues, HIV testing messages, and a sample sermon...
October 20, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053369/effects-of-message-framing-on-influenza-vaccination-understanding-the-role-of-risk-disclosure-perceived-vaccine-efficacy-and-felt-ambivalence
#5
Sungsu Kim, Ivanka Pjesivac, Yan Jin
The current study examined the effects of framing in promotional health messages on intention to vaccinate against seasonal influenza virus. The findings of an experimental study (N = 86) indicated that exposure to both benefits and side effects of vaccination (gain-framed with risk disclosure message) led to lower intention to receive the flu vaccine. This relationship was mediated by both perceived vaccine efficacy and felt ambivalence in a serial order, revealing the underlying psychological mechanisms important for understanding health-related behaviors...
October 20, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053321/universal-limit-on-communication
#6
Raphael Bousso
I derive a universal upper bound on the capacity of any communication channel between two distant systems. The Holevo quantity, and hence the mutual information, is at most of order EΔt/ℏ, where E is the average energy of the signal, and Δt is the amount of time for which detectors operate. The bound does not depend on the size or mass of the emitting and receiving systems, nor on the nature of the signal. No restrictions on preparing and processing the signal are imposed. As an example, I consider the encoding of information in the transverse or angular position of a signal emitted and received by systems of arbitrarily large cross section...
October 6, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053113/an-automated-critical-event-screening-and-notification-system-to-facilitate-preanesthesia-record-review
#7
David B Wax, Patrick J McCormick, Thomas T Joseph, Matthew A Levin
BACKGROUND: Anesthesia information management systems make prior anesthesia records readily available for review when patients return for a subsequent procedure but may create a problem of too much documentation to review in a limited amount of time. We implemented a screening tool to facilitate the identification of critical documentation for review. METHODS: An algorithm was developed to electronically search prior anesthesia records for predefined critical events and flag records containing these events...
June 22, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052666/patients-perspectives-of-engagement-as-a-safety-strategy
#8
Chasity Burrows Walters, Elizabeth A Duthie
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To describe patient engagement as a safety strategy from the perspective of hospitalized surgical patients with cancer.
. RESEARCH APPROACH: Qualitative, descriptive approach using grounded theory.
. SETTING: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York, New York.
. PARTICIPANTS: 13 hospitalized surgical patients with cancer.
. METHODOLOGIC APPROACH: Grounded theory with maximum variation sampling...
November 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052529/evaluating-a-multi-component-community-based-program-to-improve-adherence-and-retention-in-care-among-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-zimbabwe-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Webster Mavhu, Nicola Willis, Juliet Mufuka, Collin Mangenah, Kudzanayi Mvududu, Sarah Bernays, Walter Mangezi, Tsitsi Apollo, Ricardo Araya, Helen A Weiss, Frances M Cowan
BACKGROUND: World Health Organization (WHO) adolescent HIV-testing and treatment guidelines recommend community-based interventions to support antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence and retention in care, while acknowledging that the evidence to support this recommendation is weak. This cluster randomized controlled trial aims to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a psychosocial, community-based intervention on HIV-related and psychosocial outcomes. METHODS/DESIGN: We are conducting the trial in two districts...
October 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052021/a-new-approach-to-predict-user-mobility-using-semantic-analysis-and-machine-learning
#10
Roshan Fernandes, Rio D'Souza G L
Mobility prediction is a technique in which the future location of a user is identified in a given network. Mobility prediction provides solutions to many day-to-day life problems. It helps in seamless handovers in wireless networks to provide better location based services and to recalculate paths in Mobile Ad hoc Networks (MANET). In the present study, a framework is presented which predicts user mobility in presence and absence of mobility history. Naïve Bayesian classification algorithm and Markov Model are used to predict user future location when user mobility history is available...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051722/event-based-stereo-depth-estimation-using-belief-propagation
#11
Zhen Xie, Shengyong Chen, Garrick Orchard
Compared to standard frame-based cameras, biologically-inspired event-based sensors capture visual information with low latency and minimal redundancy. These event-based sensors are also far less prone to motion blur than traditional cameras, and still operate effectively in high dynamic range scenes. However, classical framed-based algorithms are not typically suitable for these event-based data and new processing algorithms are required. This paper focuses on the problem of depth estimation from a stereo pair of event-based sensors...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051137/alzheimer-s-disease-in-social-media-content-analysis-of-youtube-videos
#12
Weizhou Tang, Kate Olscamp, Seul Ki Choi, Daniela B Friedman
BACKGROUND: Approximately 5.5 million Americans are living with Alzheimer's disease (AD) in 2017. YouTube is a popular platform for disseminating health information; however, little is known about messages specifically regarding AD that are being communicated through YouTube. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine video characteristics, content, speaker characteristics, and mobilizing information (cues to action) of YouTube videos focused on AD. METHODS: Videos uploaded to YouTube from 2013 to 2015 were searched with the term "Alzheimer's disease" on April 30th, 2016...
October 19, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051052/pea-early-browning-virus-mediated-genome-editing-via-the-crispr-cas9-system-in-nicotiana-benthamiana-and-arabidopsis
#13
Zahir Ali, Ayman Eid, Shakila Ali, Magdy M Mahfouz
The clustered regularly interspaced palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated (Cas9) system has enabled efficient genome engineering in diverse plant species. However, delivery of genome engineering reagents, such as the single guide RNA (sgRNA), into plant cells remains challenging. Here, we report the engineering of Tobacco rattle virus (TRV) and Pea early browning virus (PEBV) to deliver one or multiple sgRNAs into Nicotiana benthamiana and Arabidopsis thaliana (Col-0) plants that overexpress a nuclear localization signal containing Cas9...
October 16, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050007/comparison-of-safety-and-efficacy-of-tacrolimus-versus-infliximab-for-active-ulcerative-colitis
#14
Ken Takeuchi, Takahiro Shimoyama, Takayuki Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: This narrative review was to determine which medication, tacrolimus (TAC) or infliximab (IFX), is safer and more effective in the management of active UC. Our literature search identified 5 studies directly comparing the outcomes of TAC versus IFX for active UC. A review of the 5 studies was undertaken. SUMMARY: The incidence of serious adverse events was not significantly different between the TAC and IFX groups. The short-term clinical remission and response rates and the colectomy-free rates were similar between the groups...
October 19, 2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049601/age-related-changes-in-objective-and-subjective-speech-perception-in-complex-listening-environments
#15
Karen S Helfer, Gabrielle R Merchant, Peter A Wasiuk
Purpose: A frequent complaint by older adults is difficulty communicating in challenging acoustic environments. The purpose of this work was to review and summarize information about how speech perception in complex listening situations changes across the adult age range. Method: This article provides a review of age-related changes in speech understanding in complex listening environments and summarizes results from several studies conducted in our laboratory. Results: Both degree of high frequency hearing loss and cognitive test performance limit individuals' ability to understand speech in difficult listening situations as they age...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049583/security-of-text-messaging-in-clinical-care-reply
#16
LETTER
Brian C Drolet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049579/security-of-text-messaging-in-clinical-care
#17
LETTER
Brian G Choi, Scott K Intner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048966/text-messaging-for-improving-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-no-effects-after-1-year-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-among-adolescents-and-young-adults
#18
Sebastian Linnemayr, Haijing Huang, Jill Luoto, Andrew Kambugu, Harsha Thirumurthy, Jessica Haberer, Glenn Wagner, Barbara Mukasa
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of Short Message Service (SMS) reminder messages on antiretroviral and cotrimoxazole prophylaxis adherence among HIV-positive youths as well as the relative effectiveness of SMS with and without a response option. METHODS: Eligible HIV-positive patients aged 15 to 22 years at 2 HIV clinics in Kampala, Uganda, participated in a year-long parallel individual-randomized controlled trial and were assigned in a 1-to-1-to-1 ratio to a weekly SMS message group, weekly SMS message with response option group, or a usual-care control group...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048777/nurses-perspectives-on-how-an-e-message-system-supports-cross-sectoral-communication-in-relation-to-medication-administration-a-qualitative-study
#19
Signe Foged, Vibeke Nørholm, Ove Andersen, Helle Vendel Petersen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim was to describe nurses' perspectives on how an e-message system supports communication between hospital and home care nurses in relation to medication administration. BACKGROUND: Medication administration is a complex process involving a high risk of error. Unclear communication and lack of updated information about medication have been identified as the leading cause of medication errors during care transitions. E-message systems are progressively being used to improve information exchange across sectors, yet little is known about their usage for exchange of medication information between nurses...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048198/autonomous-and-controlled-motivation-for-interpersonal-therapy-for-depression-between-therapists-and-within-therapist-effects
#20
David C Zuroff, Carolina McBride, Paula Ravitz, Richard Koestner, D S Moskowitz, R Michael Bagby
Differences between therapists in the average outcomes their patients achieve are well documented, and researchers have begun to try to explain such differences (Baldwin & Imel, 2013). Guided by Self-Determination Theory (Deci & Ryan, 2000), we examined the effects on outcome of differences between therapists in their patients' average levels of autonomous and controlled motivation for treatment, as well as the effects of differences among the patients within each therapist's caseload. Between and within-therapist differences in the SDT construct of perceived relational support were explored as predictors of patients' motivation...
October 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
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