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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907115/determinants-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-attitudes-an-interview-of-wisconsin-parents
#1
Kathrine L Barnes, Jeffrey J VanWormer, Shannon Stokley, Elizabeth R Vickers, Huong Q McLean, Edward A Belongia, Casper G Bendixsen
BACKGROUND: Parental attitudes play a key role in their decisions to vaccinate adolescents against the human papillomavirus (HPV). Little is known, however, about the formative experiences that shape parents' attitudes about the HPV vaccine. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 25 parents of 11-17 year old adolescents in Wisconsin who changed their HPV vaccine attitudes (per prior surveys) over one year. A modified grounded theory approach was then used to generate primary themes of attitudinal determinants...
June 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906938/impact-of-the-infectious-period-on-epidemics
#2
Robert R Wilkinson, Kieran J Sharkey
The duration of the infectious period is a crucial determinant of the ability of an infectious disease to spread. We consider an epidemic model that is network based and non-Markovian, containing classic Kermack-McKendrick, pairwise, message passing, and spatial models as special cases. For this model, we prove a monotonic relationship between the variability of the infectious period (with fixed mean) and the probability that the infection will reach any given subset of the population by any given time. For certain families of distributions, this result implies that epidemic severity is decreasing with respect to the variance of the infectious period...
May 2018: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906319/regional-leadership-for-national-impact-message-from-the-president
#3
EDITORIAL
Demetrius J Porche
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905650/patterns-of-recovery-from-pain-after-cesarean-delivery
#4
Jessica L Booth, Emily E Sharpe, Timothy T Houle, Lynnette Harris, Regina S Curry, Carol A Aschenbrenner, James C Eisenach
We know very little about the change in pain in the first 2 months after surgery. To address this gap, we studied 530 women scheduled for elective cesarean delivery who completed daily pain diaries for two months after surgery via text messaging. Over 82% of subjects missed fewer than 10 diary entries and were included in the analysis. Completers were more likely to be Caucasian, non-smokers, and with fewer previous pregnancies than non-completers. Daily worst pain intensity ratings for the previous 24 hours were fit to a log(time) function and allowed to change to a different function up to 3 times according to a Bayesian criterion...
June 13, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905143/-message-du-pr%C3%A3-sident-congr%C3%A3-s-de-m%C3%A3-decine-rurale-2018-l-art-et-l-%C3%A3-me-de-la-m%C3%A3-decine-rurale
#5
Margaret Tromp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905142/president-s-message-rural-and-remote-2018-the-art-and-soul-of-rural-medicine
#6
Margaret Tromp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904757/are-current-guidelines-for-sun-protection-optimal-for-health-exploring-the-evidence
#7
Robyn M Lucas, Rachel E Neale, Sasha Madronich, Richard L McKenzie
Exposure of the skin to ultraviolet (UV) radiation is the main risk factor for skin cancer, and a major source of vitamin D, in many regions of the world. Sun protection messages to minimize skin cancer risks but avoid vitamin D deficiency are challenging, partly because levels of UV radiation vary by location, season, time of day, and atmospheric conditions. The UV Index provides information on levels of UV radiation and is a cornerstone of sun protection guidelines. Current guidelines from the World Health Organization are that sun protection is required only when the UV Index is 3 or greater...
June 15, 2018: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904542/on-the-problem-and-promise-of-metaphor-use-in-science-and-science-communication
#8
Cynthia Taylor, Bryan M Dewsbury
The language of science is largely metaphorical. Scientists rely on metaphor and analogy to make sense of scientific phenomena and communicate their findings to each other and to the public. Yet, despite their utility, metaphors can also constrain scientific reasoning, contribute to public misunderstandings, and, at times, inadvertently reinforce stereotypes and messages that undermine the goals of inclusive science. This paper 1) examines the generative potential of metaphors to the advancement of scientific knowledge and science communication, 2) highlights the ways in which outdated metaphors may limit scientific inquiry and contribute to public misunderstandings, and 3) critically analyzes the implications of cryptic social and political messages embedded in common metaphors in the life sciences...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904526/tasting-the-tree-of-life-development-of-a-collaborative-cross-campus-science-outreach-meal-event
#9
Wendy L Clement, Kathryn T Elliott, Okxana Cordova-Hoyos, Isabel Distefano, Kate Kearns, Raagni Kumar, Ashley Leto, Janis Tumaliuan, Lauren Franchetti, Evelyn Kulesza, Nicole Tineo, Patrice Mendes, Karen Roth, Jeffrey M Osborn
Communicating about science with the public can present a number of challenges, from participation to engagement to impact. In an effort to broadly communicate messages regarding biodiversity, evolution, and tree-thinking with the campus community at The College of New Jersey (TCNJ), a public, primarily undergraduate institution, we created a campus-wide, science-themed meal, "Tasting the Tree of Life: Exploring Biodiversity through Cuisine." We created nine meals that incorporated 149 species/ingredients across the Tree of Life...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904509/introducing-students-to-the-challenges-of-communicating-science-by-using-a-tool-that-employs-only-the-1-000-most-commonly-used-words
#10
Justin A Pruneski
Overcoming the complex and technical language used in science is a major barrier to scientists being able to communicate their work with the general public. This can lead to misunderstanding and mistrust of science, with many negative consequences. Scientists are increasingly seeking to improve their ability to communicate their work effectively with a variety of audiences. As such, students should recognize the challenges and importance of communicating science with nonscientists. This short classroom activity takes advantage of a free, web-based tool, called Simple Writer (https://xkcd...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903784/designing-prep-and-early-hiv-treatment-interventions-for-implementation-among-female-sex-workers-in-south-africa-developing-and-learning-from-a-formative-research-process
#11
Robyn Eakle, Nyaradzo Mutanha, Judie Mbogua, Maria Sibanyoni, Adam Bourne, Gabriela Gomez, Francois Venter, Helen Rees
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this research was to design relevant, tailored oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and early antiretroviral (ART) interventions for female sex workers (FSWs) in South Africa. This paper examines the methods, process and outcomes of employing an inductive approach to formative research exploring intervention feasibility and acceptability. SETTING: Research was conducted in several sex work-related settings including five sites in and around clinics and stakeholder offices...
June 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903760/circulating-iron-levels-influence-the-regulation-of-hepcidin-following-stimulated-erythropoiesis
#12
Cornel S G Mirciov, Sarah J Wilkins, Grace C C Hung, Sheridan L Helman, Gregory J Anderson, David M Frazer
The stimulation of erythrocyte formation increases the demand for iron by the bone marrow and this in turn may affect the levels of circulating diferric transferrin. As this molecule influences the production of the iron regulatory hormone hepcidin, we hypothesised that erythropoiesis-driven changes in diferric transferrin levels could contribute to the decrease in hepcidin observed following erythropoietin administration. To examine this, we treated mice with erythropoietin and examined diferric transferrin at various time points up to 18 hours...
June 14, 2018: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903744/parents-views-on-the-best-and-worst-reasons-for-guideline-consistent-hpv-vaccination
#13
Melissa B Gilkey, Mo Zhou, Annie-Laurie McRee, Melanie L Kornides, John F P Bridges
Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination could prevent most HPV-associated cancers, but few U.S. adolescents are vaccinated according to guidelines. To inform efforts to counsel parents more effectively, we sought to quantify their views on the best and worst reasons for guideline-consistent HPV vaccination. We hypothesized that parents' views would differ according to their vaccination confidence. Methods: We developed a best-worst scaling experiment to evaluate 11 reasons healthcare providers commonly give for HPV vaccination...
June 14, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903702/characterizing-geosocial-networking-app-use-among-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-multi-city-cross-sectional-survey-in-the-southern-united-states
#14
Dustin T Duncan, Su Hyun Park, H Rhodes Hambrick, Derek T Dangerfield Ii, William C Goedel, Russell Brewer, Ofole Mgbako, Joseph Lindsey, Seann D Regan, DeMarc A Hickson
BACKGROUND: Understanding where and how young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) in the southern United States meet their sexual partners is germane to understanding the underlying factors contributing to the ongoing HIV transmission in this community. Men who have sex with men (MSM) commonly use geosocial networking apps to meet sexual partners. However, there is a lack of literature exploring geosocial networking app use in this particular population. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine the characteristics, preferences, and behaviors of a geographically diverse sample of geosocial networking app-using YBMSM in the southern United States...
June 14, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903694/what-people-like-analysis-of-social-media-strategies-used-by-food-industry-brands-lifestyle-brands-and-health-promotion-organizations-on-facebook-and-instagram
#15
Karen Michelle Klassen, Emily S Borleis, Linda Brennan, Mike Reid, Tracy A McCaffrey, Megan Sc Lim
BACKGROUND: Health campaigns have struggled to gain traction with young adults using social media, even though more than 80% of young adults are using social media at least once per day. Many food industry and lifestyle brands have been successful in achieving high levels of user engagement and promoting their messages; therefore, there may be lessons to be learned by examining the successful strategies commercial brands employ. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify and quantify social media strategies used by the food industry and lifestyle brands, and health promotion organizations across the social networking sites Facebook and Instagram...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903646/ehealth-interventions-to-promote-objectively-measured-physical-activity-in-community-dwelling-older-people
#16
REVIEW
Nini H Jonkman, Kimberley S van Schooten, Andrea B Maier, Mirjam Pijnappels
eHealth solutions are increasingly being applied to deliver interventions for promoting an active lifestyle in the general population but also in older people. Objective assessment of daily physical activity (PA) is essential to accurately and reliably evaluate the effectiveness of such interventions. This review presents an overview of eHealth interventions that focus on promoting PA in community-dwelling older people, and discusses the methods used to objectively assess PA, and the effectiveness of the eHealth interventions in increasing PA...
July 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902962/president-s-message
#17
Beth Lincoln
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902941/accessibility-information-in-new-delhi-for-easenaccess-android-based-app-for-persons-with-disability-an-observational-study
#18
Yashovardhan Agarwal
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization and the World Bank's "World Report on Disability" reported that over 1 billion people have various kinds of disability worldwide while Indian Census 2011 reported about 26 million in India. The United Nations Convention states, "The Rights of Persons with Disabilities (PwD) include accessibility to Information, Transportation, Environment, Communication Technology and Services". OBJECTIVE: This article takes forward the reason of making the "EasenAccess" (EnA) Android-based app to empower PwD with wheelchair-accessibility information, communication sentences and sending SOS signals with location...
June 14, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902739/responding-to-disruptive-behaviors-in-nursing-a-longitudinal-quasi-experimental-investigation-of-training-for-nursing-students
#19
Ericka Sanner-Stiehr
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine the impact of a cognitive rehearsal intervention on nursing students' self-efficacy to respond effectively to disruptive behaviors. DESIGN: This quantitative study was part of a longitudinal, quasi-experimental program of research. SETTING: Interventions were conducted on site at facilities provided by participating pre-licensure nursing programs. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 129 nursing students enrolled in their final academic year in three traditional format, pre-licensure nursing programs in the Midwestern United States were recruited to participate in this study...
June 5, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902234/influence-of-newborn-health-messages-on-care-seeking-practices-and-community-health-behaviors-among-participants-in-the-zambia-chlorhexidine-application-trial
#20
Kasthuri Sivalogan, Katherine E A Semrau, Paul G Ashigbie, Sheila Mwangi, Julie M Herlihy, Kojo Yeboah-Antwi, Bowen Banda, Caroline Grogan, Godfrey Biemba, Davidson H Hamer
BACKGROUND: Identifying and understanding traditional perceptions that influence newborn care practices and care-seeking behavior are crucial to developing sustainable interventions to improve neonatal health. The Zambia Chlorhexidine Application Trial (ZamCAT), a large-scale cluster randomized trial, assessed the impact of 4% chlorhexidine on neonatal mortality and omphalitis in Southern Province, Zambia. The main purpose of this post-ZamCAT qualitative study was to understand the impact of newborn care health messages on care-seeking behavior for neonates and the acceptability, knowledge, and attitudes towards chlorhexidine cord care among community members and health workers in Southern Province...
2018: PloS One
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