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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822682/a-systematic-review-of-digital-interventions-for-improving-the-diet-and-physical-activity-behaviors-of-adolescents
#1
REVIEW
Taylor Rose, Mary Barker, Chandni Maria Jacob, Leanne Morrison, Wendy Lawrence, Sofia Strömmer, Christina Vogel, Kathryn Woods-Townsend, David Farrell, Hazel Inskip, Janis Baird
Many adolescents have poor diet and physical activity behaviors, which can lead to the development of noncommunicable diseases in later life. Digital platforms offer inexpensive means of delivering health interventions, but little is known about their effectiveness. This systematic review was conducted to synthesize evidence on the effectiveness of digital interventions to improve diet quality and increase physical activity in adolescents, to effective intervention components and to assess the cost-effectiveness of these interventions...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822646/the-crucial-role-of-maternal-care-providers-as-vaccinators-for-pregnant-women
#2
Maria Luz Vilca, Susanna Esposito
Vaccination during pregnancy is increasingly being recognised internationally a useful means of preventing illness in pregnant women and their newborns. It has been used since the 1960s, when it was found that tetanus vaccine was highly effective in preventing neonatal tetanus, but interest has greatly increased over the last few years. As new data become available showing the numerous benefits of maternal immunisation and its potential for improving maternal and neonatal health in relation to a number of infectious conditions, it is being increasingly incorporated into the national vaccination programmes around the world...
August 16, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822515/assessment-of-knowledge-about-healthy-heart-habits-in-urban-and-rural-population-of-punjab-after-sms-campaign-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Bishav Mohan, Sarit Sharma, Shruti Sharma, Dinesh Kaushal, Bhupinder Singh, Shibba Takkar, Naved Aslam, Abhishek Goyal, Gurpreet S Wander
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) is increasing in developing countries but the awareness regarding prevention and treatment of these diseases is still low. Therefore the present study was conducted with the aim of imparting health education regarding certain changes in lifestyle and dietary habits among general population through the use of short message service (SMS) that may lead to improved knowledge about prevention of cardiovascular diseases. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted over a period of seven months...
July 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821530/whisper-or-shout-study-protocol-of-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-assessing-mhealth-sexual-reproductive-health-and-nutrition-interventions-among-female-sex-workers-in-mombasa-kenya
#4
Frances H Ampt, Collins Mudogo, Peter Gichangi, Megan S C Lim, Griffins Manguro, Matthew Chersich, Walter Jaoko, Marleen Temmerman, Marilyn Laini, Liz Comrie-Thomson, Mark Stoové, Paul A Agius, Margaret Hellard, Kelly L'Engle, Stanley Luchters
INTRODUCTION: New interventions are required to reduce unintended pregnancies among female sex workers (FSWs) in low- and middle-income countries and to improve their nutritional health. Given sex workers' high mobile phone usage, repeated exposure to short messaging service (SMS) messages could address individual and interpersonal barriers to contraceptive uptake and better nutrition. METHODS: In this two-arm cluster randomised trial, each arm constitutes an equal-attention control group for the other...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821288/health-promotion-via-sms-improves-hypertension-knowledge-for-deaf-south-africans
#5
Hanne Jensen Haricharan, Marion Heap, Damian Hacking, Yan Kwan Lau
BACKGROUND: Signing Deaf South Africans have limited access to health information. As a result, their knowledge about health is limited. Cell phone usage in South Africa is high. This study aimed to assess whether a short message service (SMS)-based health promotion campaign could improve Deaf people's knowledge of hypertension and healthy living. Additionally, the study aimed to assess the acceptability of using SMSs for health promotion targeting Deaf people. METHODS: A baseline questionnaire assessed participants' knowledge about hypertension before an SMS-based information campaign was conducted...
August 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821242/methodological-factors-affecting-joint-moments-estimation-in-clinical-gait-analysis-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Valentina Camomilla, Andrea Cereatti, Andrea Giovanni Cutti, Silvia Fantozzi, Rita Stagni, Giuseppe Vannozzi
Quantitative gait analysis can provide a description of joint kinematics and dynamics, and it is recognized as a clinically useful tool for functional assessment, diagnosis and intervention planning. Clinically interpretable parameters are estimated from quantitative measures (i.e. ground reaction forces, skin marker trajectories, etc.) through biomechanical modelling. In particular, the estimation of joint moments during motion is grounded on several modelling assumptions: (1) body segmental and joint kinematics is derived from the trajectories of markers and by modelling the human body as a kinematic chain; (2) joint resultant (net) loads are, usually, derived from force plate measurements through a model of segmental dynamics...
August 18, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820663/what-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-peru-want-in-internet-based-sexual-health-information
#7
Luis Menacho
Objectives We aimed to gather information among gay men regarding their preferences for online sexual health information. Methods 1,160 Peruvian MSM, 18 years or older, completed an online survey hosted on www.tunexo.org . Results The mean age was 26.8 years. Around 90% had post-high school education. The self-reported HIV prevalence was 12.3%. The acceptability of sexual health content was greater in the most highly educated group. The highest rated topics and services of interest were those related to improving sexual and mental health...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820641/identifying-communication-barriers-to-colorectal-cancer-screening-adherence-among-appalachian-kentuckians
#8
Audrey Smith Bachman, Elisia L Cohen, Tom Collins, Jennifer Hatcher, Richard Crosby, Robin C Vanderpool
Utilizing data from 40 in-depth interviews, this article identifies both barriers and facilitators to colorectal screening guideline adherence among Appalachian Kentucky adults recruited through a community-based research network. Key findings identify (a) varying levels of knowledge about screening guidelines, (b) reticence to engage in screening processes, and (c) nuanced communication with healthcare providers and family members regarding screening adherence. What participants knew about the screening process was often derived from personal stories or recalled stories from family members about their screening experiences...
August 18, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820632/media-presentation-of-breastfeeding-beliefs-in-newspapers
#9
Rose Hitt, Jie Zhuang, Jennifer Anderson
Despite numerous health benefits for babies and mothers, many women do not either initiate or continue breastfeeding for the recommended duration, and increasing breastfeeding is a national priority. It is important to understand media messages on the topic, given that breastfeeding is influenced by many environmental factors and that perceived norms, social support, and perceptions of difficulties predict breastfeeding. The current study analyzes how media covers (1) breastfeeding in general, (2) public breastfeeding, and (3) extended breastfeeding (past 1 year)...
August 18, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820618/college-women-s-responses-to-a-celebrity-health-disclosure
#10
Julia H Drizin, Vanessa L Malcarne, Melody K Schiaffino, Kristen J Wells
Celebrities can have a powerful influence on people's health-related attitudes and behaviors, often by publicly disclosing their own personal health decisions. In May 2013, Angelina Jolie, an internationally recognized actress, director, and author, wrote an op-ed for the New York Times disclosing her decision to undergo a prophylactic double mastectomy to reduce her risk of breast cancer after learning that she carried the BRCA1 gene mutation. This cross-sectional study examined whether exposure to Angelina Jolie and her mastectomy disclosure and parasocial involvement (PSI) with Angelina Jolie were related to female college students' perceived risk of breast cancer and breast cancer screening intentions...
August 18, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820521/feasibility-of-a-multicomponent-breast-health-education-intervention-for-vietnamese-american-immigrant-women
#11
Connie K Y Nguyen-Truong, Nisreen Pedhiwala, Vananh Nguyen, Cang Le, Tuong Vy Le, Christine Lau, Junghee Lee, Frances Lee-Lin
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility and acceptability of an intervention with targeted cultural and health belief messages to increase rates of mammography among Vietnamese American (VA) immigrant women. 
. DESIGN: One-group, pre-/post-test, pilot, quasiexperimental design.
. SETTING: Portland, Oregon, metropolitan area. 
. SAMPLE: 40 VA immigrant women aged 50 years or older.
. METHODS: Participants who had not had a mammogram within the past 12 months were recruited...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818541/understanding-threats-to-polio-vaccine-commitment-among-caregivers-in-high-priority-areas-of-afghanistan-a-polling-study
#12
Gillian K SteelFisher, Robert J Blendon, Sherine Guirguis, William Lodge, Hannah Caporello, Vincent Petit, Michael Coleman, Matthew R Williams, Sardar Mohammad Parwiz, Melissa Corkum, Scott Gardner, Eran N Ben-Porath
BACKGROUND: Eradication of poliovirus from endemic countries relies on vaccination of children with oral polio vaccine (OPV) many times a year until the age of 5 years. We aimed to determine caregivers' commitment to OPV in districts of Afghanistan at high risk for polio transmission and to examine what knowledge, attitudes, or experiences could threaten commitment. METHODS: We designed and analysed a poll using face-to-face interviews among caregivers of children under 5 years of age...
August 14, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818251/teens-tweets-and-tanning-beds-rethinking-the-use-of-social-media-for-skin-cancer-prevention
#13
Ashley E Falzone, Claire D Brindis, Mary-Margaret Chren, Alexandra Junn, Sherry Pagoto, Mackenzie Wehner, Eleni Linos
The incidence of skin cancer is rising in the U.S., and melanoma, the deadliest form, is increasing disproportionately among young white women. Indoor tanning is a modifiable risk factor for all skin cancers and continues to be used at the highest rates in young white women. Adolescents and young adults report personal appearance-based reasons for using indoor tanning. Previous research has explored the influences on tanning bed use, including individual factors as well as relationships with peers, family, schools, media influences, legislation, and societal beauty norms...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818248/cancer-risk-promoting-information-the-communication-environment-of-young-adults
#14
Rachel F McCloud, Racquel E Kohler, K Viswanath
Young adulthood represents a time of myriad transitions, which leave young adults (YAs) more susceptible to the influences of cancer risk-promoting information. The tobacco, alcohol, indoor tanning, and food and beverage industries engage in aggressive marketing strategies through both traditional and social media to target this age group to consume their products, which have known links to cancer. Despite this barrage of messaging, detailed data are lacking on the communication behaviors of subgroups of this diverse age group, particularly those from low SES...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818240/reducing-cancer-and-cancer-disparities-lessons-from-a-youth-generated-diabetes-prevention-campaign
#15
Dean Schillinger, Pamela M Ling, Sarah Fine, Cherrie B Boyer, Elizabeth Rogers, Roberto Ariel Vargas, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, Wen-Ying Sylvia Chou
Adolescence and young adulthood, a period essential for determining exposures over the life-course, is an ideal time to intervene to lower cancer risk. This demographic group can be viewed as both the target audience and generator of messages for cancer prevention, such as skin cancer, obesity-, tobacco-, and human papillomavirus-related cancers. The purpose of this paper is to encourage innovative health communications that target youth; youth behavior; and the structural, environmental, and social determinants of youth behavior as critical areas of focus for cancer prevention and disparities reduction...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818048/identification-of-cancer-risk-and-associated-behaviour-implications-for-social-marketing-campaigns-for-cancer-prevention
#16
Rebecca Kippen, Erica James, Bernadette Ward, Penny Buykx, Ardel Shamsullah, Wendy Watson, Kathy Chapman
BACKGROUND: Community misconception of what causes cancer is an important consideration when devising communication strategies around cancer prevention, while those initiating social marketing campaigns must decide whether to target the general population or to tailor messages for different audiences. This paper investigates the relationships between demographic characteristics, identification of selected cancer risk factors, and associated protective behaviours, to inform audience segmentation for cancer prevention social marketing...
August 17, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817809/evaluation-of-infliximab-therapy-in-children-with-crohn-s-disease-using-trough-levels-predictors
#17
Jan Ohem, Ondrej Hradsky, Kristyna Zarubova, Ivana Copova, Petra Bukovska, Richard Prusa, Karin Malickova, Jiri Bronsky
BACKGROUND: In adults, infliximab (IFX) levels correlate with disease activity, and antibodies to IFX (ATIs) predict treatment failure. We aimed to determine the association of IFX levels and ATIs with disease activity in a paediatric population. We prospectively collected blood, stool, and clinical data from 65 patients (age 10.5-15.1 years) with Crohn's disease (CD) before IFX administration, and measured IFX trough levels, ATIs, and faecal calprotectin levels (CPT). Samples were collected during maintenance therapy...
August 18, 2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817789/teach-our-children-stroke-education-for-indigenous-children-first-nations-ontario-canada-2009-2012
#18
Mary Ellen Hill, Pauline Bodnar, Robert Fenton, Brenda Mason, Grace Bandoh
BACKGROUND: Because of the heightened risk for stroke among indigenous people, we conducted this multiyear community case study from 2009 through 2012 to address stroke education needs among children aged 11 to 13 years residing in northern urban, rural, and remote First Nations in Ontario, Canada. The goal was to determine what young people understand about stroke and to develop an age-appropriate and culturally appropriate educational product. COMMUNITY CONTEXT: This project responded to First Nations requests that we educate their young people about the signs and symptoms of stroke and the need for early response...
August 17, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817710/excessive-use-of-wechat-social-interaction-and-locus-of-control-among-college-students-in-china
#19
Juan Hou, Yamikani Ndasauka, Yingying Jiang, Zi Ye, Ying Wang, Lizhuang Yang, Xiaoming Li, Yongjun Zhang, Liangjun Pang, Yan Kong, Fei Xu, Xiaochu Zhang
In China, the number of college students using mobile phone based messaging and social networking applications like WeChat is increasing rapidly. However, there has been minimal research into the addictive nature of these applications and the psychological characteristics associate with their excessive use. There is also no published scale available for assessing excessive use of WeChat and similar applications. In the current study, we collected data from 1,245 college students in China (715 females) and developed the WeChat Excessive Use Scale (WEUS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817626/acting-within-an-increasingly-confined-space-a-qualitative-study-of-sexual-behaviours-and-healthcare-needs-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-a-provincial-tanzanian-city
#20
Markus Larsson, Jasmine Mohamed Shio, Michael W Ross, Anette Agardh
OBJECTIVE: To explore risk perceptions, sexual practices and healthcare needs among men who have sex with men in the provincial city of Tanga in northern Tanzania. Previous research suggests that HIV/STIs are increasing problems for this population. Yet, few studies have been conducted outside the urban area of Dar es Salaam, which has limited our knowledge about the HIV/STI risk factors and healthcare needs among men who have sex with men who live outside major metropolitan areas. METHOD: During three months in 2013, 10 in-depth interviews with men who have sex with men were conducted in Tanga...
2017: PloS One
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