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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926934/the-beneficial-effects-of-allicin-in-chronic-kidney-disease-are-comparable-to-losartan
#1
Ehécatl Miguel Ángel García Trejo, Abraham Said Arellano Buendía, Omegar Sánchez Reyes, Fernando Enrique García Arroyo, Raúl Arguello García, María Lilia Loredo Mendoza, Edilia Tapia, Laura Gabriela Sánchez Lozada, Horacio Osorio Alonso
Recent studies suggest that allicin may play a role in chronic kidney disease (CKD), reducing hypertension and oxidative stress and improving renal dysfunction. In the present study, CKD was induced by 5/6 nephrectomy and the animals were divided into four treatment groups as follows: control (C), CKD, CKD+allicin (40 mg/kg pathway oral) (CKDA), and CKD+Losartan (20 mg/kg) (CKDL). After CKD induction, the rats developed hypertension from week 3 to the end of the study. This was associated with increased creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels in serum, increased albuminuria, increased urinary excretion of N-acetyl-β-d-glucosaminidase (NAG), increased nephrin expression, and incrased histological alterations in the cortex...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892098/correlation-between-e-cadherin-interactions-survivin-expression-and-apoptosis-in-mdck-and-ts-src-mdck-cell-culture-models
#2
Janne Capra, Sinikka Eskelinen
Survivin, a member of inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) protein family, is a multifunctional protein expressed in most cancers. In addition to inhibition of apoptosis, it regulates proliferation and promotes migration. Its presence and function in cells is strongly regulated via transcription factors, intracellular localization, and degradation. We analyzed the presence of survivin at protein level in various culture environments and under activation of Src tyrosine kinase in epithelial canine kidney MDCK cells in order to elucidate factors controlling survivin 'lifespan'...
September 11, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891516/effects-of-donepezil-on-liver-and-kidney-functions-for-the-treatment-of-alzheimer-s%C3%A2-disease
#3
Zübeyde Erbayraktar, Ahmet Evlice, Görsev Yener, N Nuray Ulusu
Aim of the present study is to investigate the effects of medication with donepezil (acetylcholinesterase inhibitor) on the liver and kidney function in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and to compare the effects of donepezil medication during short (one month) and long term (six years) follow-ups. We evaluated female and male patients from Cukurova [42 AD patients; short term (5 mg/day)] and Dokuz Eylul [68 AD patients; long term (10 mg/day)] University Hospital. The results compared with the geriatric population without dementia in other words who are not in medication with donepezil...
2017: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883631/antihyperglycaemic-and-organic-protective-effects-on-pancreas-liver-and-kidney-by-polysaccharides-from-hericium-erinaceus-sg-02-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-mice
#4
Chen Zhang, Juan Li, Chunlong Hu, Jing Wang, Jianjun Zhang, Zhenzhen Ren, Xinling Song, Le Jia
The present work was designed to investigate the antihyperglycaemic and protective effects of two Hericium erinaceus intracellular polysaccharide (HIPS) purified fractions (HIPS1 and HIPS2) from mycelia of H. erinaceus SG-02 on pancreas, liver and kidney in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice. The supplementation of HIPS1 and HIPS2 significantly decreased the blood glucose (GLU) levels; suppressed the abnormal elevations of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine (CRE) levels in serum; improved the antioxidant enzymatic (superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and catalase (CAT)) activities; and attenuated the pathological damage to these organs...
September 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873450/bromide-supplementation-exacerbated-the-renal-dysfunction-injury-and-fibrosis-in-a-mouse-model-of-alport-syndrome
#5
Tsubasa Yokota, Kohei Omachi, Mary Ann Suico, Haruka Kojima, Misato Kamura, Keisuke Teramoto, Shota Kaseda, Jun Kuwazuru, Tsuyoshi Shuto, Hirofumi Kai
A seminal study recently demonstrated that bromide (Br-) has a critical function in the assembly of type IV collagen in basement membrane (BM), and suggested that Br- supplementation has therapeutic potential for BM diseases. Because salts of bromide (KBr and NaBr) have been used as antiepileptic drugs for several decades, repositioning of Br- for BM diseases is probable. However, the effects of Br- on glomerular basement membrane (GBM) disease such as Alport syndrome (AS) and its impact on the kidney are still unknown...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873070/functional-assessment-of-genetic-variants-located-in-the-promoter-of-shp1-nr0b2
#6
Katharina Prestin, Maria Olbert, Janine Hussner, Henry Völzke, Henriette E Meyer Zu Schwabedissen
Small heterodimer partner 1 (SHP1, NR0B2) is a member of the superfamily of nuclear receptors (NRs). Even if this orphan receptor, unlike other NRs, lacks the DNA-binding domain, it is capable of regulating transcription by repressing the activity of other NRs by direct protein-protein interaction. Accordingly, SHP1 is part of negative feedback loops of the transcriptional regulation of genes involved in drug metabolism and various metabolic pathways including bile acid and glucose homeostasis. Although it is known that several interacting partners of SHP1 also modulate its expression, there is little information about genetic variability of this regulatory mechanism...
August 31, 2017: Pharmacogenetics and Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870545/arterial-stiffness-and-cognitive-impairment
#7
REVIEW
Xiaoxuan Li, Peiyuan Lyu, Yanyan Ren, Jin An, Yanhong Dong
BACKGROUND: Arterial stiffness is one of the earliest indicators of changes in vascular wall structure and function and may be assessed using various indicators, such as pulse-wave velocity (PWV), the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI), the ankle-brachial index (ABI), pulse pressure (PP), the augmentation index (AI), flow-mediated dilation (FMD), carotid intima media thickness (IMT) and arterial stiffness index-β. Arterial stiffness is generally considered an independent predictor of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases...
September 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869249/glp-1-and-the-kidney-from-physiology-to-pharmacology-and-outcomes-in-diabetes
#8
REVIEW
Marcel H A Muskiet, Lennart Tonneijck, Mark M Smits, Michaël J B van Baar, Mark H H Kramer, Ewout J Hoorn, Jaap A Joles, Daniël H van Raalte
The gastrointestinal tract - the largest endocrine network in human physiology - orchestrates signals from the external environment to maintain neural and hormonal control of homeostasis. Advances in understanding entero-endocrine cell biology in health and disease have important translational relevance. The gut-derived incretin hormone glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) is secreted upon meal ingestion and controls glucose metabolism by modulating pancreatic islet cell function, food intake and gastrointestinal motility, amongst other effects...
September 4, 2017: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862075/shedding-light-on-designing-potential-meprin-%C3%AE-inhibitors-through-ligand-based-robust-validated-computational-approaches-a-proposal-to-chemists
#9
Nilanjan Adhikari, Sk Abdul Amin, Balaram Ghosh, Tarun Jha
Human meprin (EC 3.4.24.18) is a member of the metzincin superfamily. It correlates with matrix metalloproteinases and ADAMs (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase domain). Overexpression of meprin β is implicated in fibrosis, inflammatory diseases, and cancers. However, selective meprin β inhibition is crucial to reduce cancer metastasis and adverse effects in inflammation. It also plays critical roles in modulating several interleukins and growth factors. Moreover, meprin β cleaves amyloid precursor protein (APP), thought to be involved in the progression of Alzheimer's disease...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851918/atp6ap2-ablation-in-adult-mice-impairs-viability-through-multiple-organ-deficiencies
#10
Olivia Wendling, Marie-France Champy, Solène Jaubert, Guillaume Pavlovic, Aline Dubos, Loic Lindner, Hugues Jacobs, Manuel Mark, Roy Combe, Isabelle Goncalves Da Cruz, Hervé Luche, John S Mudgett, Thomas Rosahl, Tania Sorg, Marie Malissen, Patrick T Reilly, Yann Hérault
ATP6AP2 codes for the (pro)renin receptor and is an essential component of vacuolar H+ ATPase. Activating (pro)renin for conversion of Angiotensinogen to Angiotensin makes ATP6AP2 attractive for drug intervention. Tissue-specific ATP6AP2 inactivation in mouse suggested a strong impact on various organs. Consistent with this, we found that embryonic ablation of Atp6ap2 resulted in both male hemizygous lethality and female haploinsufficiency. Next, we examined the phenotype of an induced inactivation in the adult animal, most akin to detect potential effect of functional interference of ATP6AP2 through drug therapy...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843775/parathyroid-hormone-contributes-to-the-down-regulation-of-cytochrome-p450-3a-through-the-camp-pi3k-pkc-pka-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway-in-secondary-hyperparathyroidism
#11
Hiroshi Watanabe, Ryusei Sugimoto, Komei Ikegami, Yuki Enoki, Tadashi Imafuku, Rui Fujimura, Jing Bi, Kento Nishida, Yoshiaki Sakaguchi, Michiya Murata, Hitoshi Maeda, Kenshiro Hirata, Sachiko Jingami, Yu Ishima, Motoko Tanaka, Kazutaka Matsushita, Hirotaka Komaba, Masafumi Fukagawa, Masaki Otagiri, Toru Maruyama
Chronic kidney disease (CKD), which affects, not only renal clearance, but also non-renal clearance, is accompanied by a decline in renal function. Although it has been suggested that humoral factors, such as uremic toxins that accumulate in the body under CKD conditions, could be involved in the changes associated with non-renal drug clearance, the overall process is not completely understood. In this study, we report on the role of parathyroid hormone (PTH), a middle molecule uremic toxin, on the expression of drug metabolizing or transporting proteins using rats with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) as models...
August 24, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829209/the-effect-of-sglt2-inhibitors-on-cardiovascular-events-and-renal-function
#12
Konstantinos P Imprialos, Konstantinos Stavropoulos, Michael Doumas, Asterios Karagiannis, Vasilios G Athyros
Sodium-glucose co-transporters-2inhibitors have emerged as a very promising antidiabetic drug class, with data from the two available cardiovascular trials of this class suggesting remarkable benefits in terms of cardiovascular events, total mortality and renal outcomes. Areas covered: Data point toward clinically meaningful benefits from SGLT-2inhibition on a variety of cardiovascular risk factors. Empagliflozin, and to a lesser extent canagliflozin, resulted in significant reductions of an abundance of cardiovascular mortality and morbidity endpoints...
August 28, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822867/de-novo-assembly-and-characterization-of-seabass-lateolabrax-japonicus-transcriptome-and-expression-of-hepatic-genes-following-different-dietary-phosphorus-calcium-levels
#13
Kang-Le Lu, Zhong-Li Ji, Samad Rahimnejad, Chun-Xiao Zhang, Ling Wang, Kai Song
Fish farming seriously influences the aquatic environment because most dietary phosphorus (P) is excreted in the effluent. To increase the P utilization in fish, molecular techniques should be explored given the remarkable development of these techniques. Thus, to identify the candidate genes related to P utilization and molecular alterations following administration of a P-deficient diet in seabass Lateolabrax japonicus, we assessed the de novo pituitary, gill, intestine, liver, kidney, scales and vertebra transcriptomes, and we compared the expression of hepatic genes with three diets varying in P and Ca levels: diet I (0...
August 9, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part D, Genomics & Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809591/reducing-inappropriate-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-prescription-in-primary-care-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#14
David M Keohane, Thomas Dennehy, Kenneth P Keohane, Eamonn Shanahan
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to reduce inappropriate non-steroidal anti-inflammatory prescribing in primary care patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Once diagnosed, CKD management involves delaying progression to end stage renal failure and preventing complications. It is well established that non-steroidal anti-inflammatories have a negative effect on kidney function and consequently, all nephrology consensus groups suggest avoiding this drug class in CKD. Design/methodology/approach The sampling criteria included all practice patients with a known CKD risk factor...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808392/antiurolithiatic-effect-of-sirupeelai-samoola-kudineer-a-polyherbal-siddha-decoction-on-ethylene-glycol-induced-renal-calculus-in-experimental-rats
#15
A Hannah Rachel Vasanthi, V Muthulakshmi, V Gayathri, R Manikandan, S Ananthi, Sarah Kuruvilla
BACKGROUND: Sirupeelai Samoola Kudineer (SK), a polyherbal decoction containing four medicinal plants has been used in Siddha system of medicine, practiced in Southern parts of India for the management of urolithiasis. OBJECTIVE: The present study is carried out to scientifically validate the traditional claim and to study the mechanism of action of the drug. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, anti-urolithiatic effect of SK was evaluated in Sprague-Dawley rats using ethylene glycol through drinking water and intraperitoneal injection of sodium oxalate...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806822/-multiple-myeloma-current-status-in-diagnostic-testing-and-therapy
#16
Michael Kehrer, Sebastian Koob, Andreas Strauss, Dieter Christian Wirtz, Jan Schmolders
Background Multiple myeloma is a haematological blood cancer of the bone marrow and is classified by the World Health Organisation (WHO) as a plasma cell neoplasm. In multiple myeloma, normal plasma cells transform into malignant myeloma cells and produce large quantities of an abnormal immunoglobulin called monoclonal protein or M protein. This ultimately causes multiple myeloma symptoms such as bone damage or kidney problems. The annual worldwide incidence of multiple myeloma is estimated to be 6 - 7/100,000 and accounts for 1% of all cancer...
August 14, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802945/effect-of-dual-compared-to-no-or-single-renin-angiotensin-system-blockade-on-risk-of-renal-replacement-therapy-or-death-in-predialysis-patients-prepare-2-study
#17
Pauline W M Voskamp, Friedo W Dekker, Merel van Diepen, Ellen K Hoogeveen
Current guidelines on hypertension treatment in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients discourage combined angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi) and angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) use due to the risk of an increased kidney function decline. However, dual compared to single renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockade may have more efficacy with regard to hypertension and proteinuria. Among incident predialysis patients (CKD 4-5), we compared dual with no or single RAS blockade regarding kidney function decline and risk of renal replacement therapy (RRT) or death...
July 22, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795244/a-retrospective-study-on-the-risk-factors-for-bleeding-events-in-warfarin-therapy-focusing-on-renal-function
#18
Toshinori Hirai, Yukihiro Hamada, Yujiro Geka, Shiori Kuwana, Koji Hirai, Mai Ishibashi, Yutaka Fukaya, Toshimi Kimura
PURPOSE: The anticoagulant effect of warfarin used to treat stroke has been shown to vary with the concomitant use of medications and comorbidity. Concomitant use of antithrombotic drugs and underlying chronic kidney disease (CKD) represent risk factors for bleeding events. We conducted a comprehensive investigation of the background characteristics and concomitant use of drugs to identify the risk factors for warfarin-related bleeding, focusing on renal function. METHODS: The study population consisted of patients prescribed warfarin at the Tokyo Women's Medical University Hospital...
August 9, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777197/elabela-improves-cardio-renal-outcome-in-fatal-experimental-septic-shock
#19
David Coquerel, Frédéric Chagnon, Xavier Sainsily, Lauralyne Dumont, Alexandre Murza, Jérôme Côté, Robert Dumaine, Philippe Sarret, Éric Marsault, Dany Salvail, Mannix Auger-Messier, Olivier Lesur
OBJECTIVES: Apelin-13 was recently proposed as an alternative to the recommended β-adrenergic drugs for supporting endotoxin-induced myocardial dysfunction. Since Apelin-13 signals through its receptor (Apelin peptide jejunum) to exert singular inotropic/vasotropic actions and to optimize body fluid balance, this candidate pathway might benefit septic shock management. Whether the newly discovered ELABELA (ELA), a second endogenous ligand of the Apelin peptide jejunum receptor highly expressed in the kidney, further improves cardio-renal impairment remains unknown...
August 2, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768320/effects-of-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-inhibitors-for-the-treatment-of-patients-with-heart-failure-proposal-of-a-novel-mechanism-of-action
#20
Milton Packer, Stefan D Anker, Javed Butler, Gerasimos Filippatos, Faiez Zannad
Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducing the risk of the development or progression of heart failure. In a landmark trial called Empagliflozin, Cardiovascular Outcomes, and Mortality in Type 2 Diabetes [EMPA-REG Outcomes], long-term treatment with empagliflozin prevented fatal and nonfatal heart failure events but did not reduce the risk of myocardial infarction or stroke in diabetic patients...
August 2, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
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