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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786916/herbal-medicine-as-a-promising-therapeutic-approach-for-the-management-of-vascular-dementia-a-systematic-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Adel Ghorani-Azam, Samaneh Sepahi, Elham Khodaverdi, Seyed Ahmad Mohajeri
Vascular dementia (VaD) generally refers to memory deficits and cognitive abnormalities that are resulted from vascular disease. In this study, we aimed to systematically review the literature wherein therapeutic effects of medicinal plants have been studied on VaD. A systematic literature search was performed in the PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and other databases using VaD, and medicinal plants as key terms. No strict inclusion criteria were defined, and almost all clinical studies were included...
May 22, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785112/treatment-of-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementias-with-psychopharmaceuticals-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Jiří Masopust, Dita Protopopová, Martin Vališ, Zbyšek Pavelek, Blanka Klímová
Behavioral and psychological symptoms represent common complications in patients with different types of dementia. Predominantly, they comprise psychosis, agitation and mood disorders, disinhibited behavior, impairment of the sleep and wakefulness rhythm, wandering, perseveration, pathological collecting, or shouting. Their appearance is related to more rapid progression of the disease, earlier institutionalization, use of physical restraints, and higher risk of mortality. Consequently, appearance of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia leads to higher costs of care provided and greater distress for caregivers...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784537/artificial-intelligence-a-joint-narrative-on-potential-use-in-pediatric-stem-and-immune-cell-therapies-and-regenerative-medicine
#3
REVIEW
Irena Sniecinski, Jerard Seghatchian
Artificial Intelligence (AI) reflects the intelligence exhibited by machines and software. It is a highly desirable academic field of many current fields of studies. Leading AI researchers describe the field as "the study and design of intelligent agents". McCarthy invented this term in 1955 and defined it as "the science and engineering of making intelligent machines". The central goals of AI research are reasoning, knowledge, planning, learning, natural language processing (communication), perception and the ability to move and manipulate objects...
May 9, 2018: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783067/motor-retraining-more-for-functional-movement-disorders-outcomes-from-a-one-week-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-program
#4
Alexandra Jacob, Darryl Kaelin, Abbey Roach, Craig Ziegler, Kathrin LaFaver
BACKGROUND: Functional Movement Disorders (FMD) are conditions of abnormal motor control thought to be caused by psychological factors. These disorders are commonly seen in neurological practice and prognosis is often poor. No consensus treatment guidelines have been established, however the role of physical therapy in addition to psychotherapy has increasingly been recognized. This study reports patient outcomes from a multidisciplinary FMD treatment program using motor retraining (MoRe) strategies...
May 18, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782234/assessing-the-confidence-of-australian-mental-health-practitioners-in-delivering-therapy-to-people-with-intellectual-disability
#5
Anastasia Hronis, Lynette Roberts, Ian Kneebone
Research supports the use of psychological therapies among people with mild to moderate intellectual disability (ID). One barrier to people with ID accessing psychological treatments is the confidence of mental health practitioners. This article explores the confidence of Australian clinicians in providing therapy to people with ID. One hundred and fifty-two psychologists and counselors in Australia completed a survey exploring self-reported confidence when working with clients who have ID and mental health difficulties...
June 2018: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781729/positive-psychology-perspective-on-traumatic-brain-injury-recovery-and-rehabilitation
#6
Amanda R Rabinowitz, Peter A Arnett
Recovery from traumatic brain injury (TBI) is heterogeneous, with injury characteristics and neuropathological findings accounting for a relatively modest proportion of the variance in clinical outcome. Furthermore, premorbid personality traits and psychological characteristics may moderate psychosocial recovery. Constructs from the field of positive psychology have been examined in multiple illness populations and are increasingly gaining attention as factors that may influence recovery from TBI. Positive affect, hope, optimism, adaptive coping style, and resilience have all been examined in the context of TBI...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781651/exposure-and-cbt-for-chronic-back-pain-an-rct-on-differential-efficacy-and-optimal-length-of-treatment
#7
Julia Anna Glombiewski, Sebastian Holzapfel, Jenny Riecke, Johan W S Vlaeyen, Jeroen de Jong, Gunnar Lemmer, Winfried Rief
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to establish whether Exposure, a specialized tailored treatment for chronic low back pain, has any advantages over cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) among individuals with high fear-avoidance levels. Second, we planned to compare short and long versions of Exposure. Third, we aimed to investigate whether Exposure can be delivered in an outpatient psychological setting. METHOD: A total of 88 Caucasian participants (55% women) were randomized to three different psychological treatment conditions, Exposure-long, Exposure-short, and CBT...
June 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781587/patients-concerns-and-perceptions-regarding-biologic-therapies-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-insights-from-a-large-scale-survey-of-social-media-platforms
#8
Eldin Dzubur, Carine Khalil, Christopher V Almario, Benjamin Noah, Deeba Minhas, Mariko Ishimori, Corey Arnold, Yujin Park, Jonathan Kay, Michael H Weisman, Brennan M R Spiegel
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have examined ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients' concerns and perceptions of biologic therapies outside of traditional surveys. In this study, we used social media data to examine AS patients' knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs regarding biologic therapies. METHODS: We collected posts from 601 social media sites made between 1/1/06-4/26/17. Each post mentioned both an AS keyword and a biologic. To explore themes within the collection in an unsupervised manner, a latent Dirichlet allocation topic model was fit to the dataset...
May 21, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781450/music-brain-plasticity-and-the-resilience-the-pillars-of-new-receptive-therapy
#9
Helena Dukić
This paper describes a new type of receptive music therapy which aims to build the patients' psychological resilience by increasing the levels of dopamine, serotonin and oxytocin in order to increase standard psychopharmacological treatment efficiency. Previous research concerning the musically induced production of the two neurotransmitters and a hormone is discussed and reviewed. Based upon the existent studies concerning the influence of music on dopamine, serotonin and oxytocin induction, a new design of specific music features for this purpose is proposed and elaborated upon...
April 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781055/psychosocial-comorbidities-related-to-return-to-work-rates-following-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#10
Eleanor R Turi, Yvette Conley, Elizabeth Crago, Paula Sherwood, Samuel M Poloyac, Dianxu Ren, Ansley G Stanfill
Purpose Ability to return to work (RTW) after stroke has been shown to have positive psychosocial benefits on survivors. Although one-fifth of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) survivors suffer from poor psychosocial outcomes, the relationship between such outcomes and RTW post-stroke is not clear. This project explores the relationship between age, gender, race, marital status, anxiety and depression and RTW 3 and 12 months post-aSAH. Methods Demographic and clinical variables were collected from the electronic medical record at the time of aSAH admission...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780600/fluoroscopic-gastric-peroral-endoscopic-pyloromyotomy-g-poem-in-patients-with-a-failed-gastric-electrical-stimulator
#11
Abhinav Koul, Sunil Dacha, Parit Mekaroonkamol, Xiaoyu Li, Lianyong Li, Nikrad Shahnavaz, Steven Keilin, Field F Willingham, Jennifer Christie, Qiang Cai
Background: Gastric electrical stimulators (GESs) have been used to treat refractory gastroparesis in patients who fail initial therapies such as dietary modifications, control of psychological stressors and pharmacologic treatment. More recently, gastric peroral endoscopic pyloromyotomy (G-POEM) has emerged as a novel endoscopic technique to treat refractory gastroparesis. We present a case series of patients with refractory gastroparesis who failed treatment with an implanted GES that were safely treated with G-POEM performed under fluoroscopy as a salvage therapy...
May 2018: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780342/long-term-efficacy-of-psychosocial-treatments-for-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-meta-analytic-review
#12
Carlos López-Pinar, Sonia Martínez-Sanchís, Enrique Carbonell-Vayá, Javier Fenollar-Cortés, Julio Sánchez-Meca
Background: Recent evidence suggests that psychosocial treatments, particularly cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), are effective interventions for adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The objective of this review was to determine the long-term efficacy of psychosocial interventions in improving clinically relevant variables, including ADHD core symptoms, clinical global impression (CGI), and global functioning. Methods: In total, nine randomized controlled trials and three uncontrolled single-group pretest-posttest studies were included...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780334/an-innovative-framework-for-delivering-psychotherapy-to-patients-with-treatment-resistant-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-rationale-for-interactive-motion-assisted-therapy
#13
Marieke J van Gelderen, Mirjam J Nijdam, Eric Vermetten
Despite an array of evidence-based psychological treatments for patients with a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a majority of patients do not fully benefit from the potential of these therapies. In veterans with PTSD, up to two-thirds retain their diagnosis after psychotherapy and often their disorder is treatment-resistant, which calls for improvement of therapeutic approaches for this population. One of the factors hypothesized to underlie low response in PTSD treatment is high behavioral and cognitive avoidance to traumatic reminders...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779924/management-of-nocturnal-enuresis-in-taiwan-consensus-statements-of-the-taiwan-enuresis-expert-committee
#14
REVIEW
Ta-Min Wang, Stephen Shei-Dei Yang, Jeng-Daw Tsai, Mei-Ching Yu, Yee-Hsuan Chiou, Kuo-Liang Chen, Hong-Lin Cheng, Jesun Lin, Hsiao-Wen Chen, Hann-Chorng Kuo, Shyh-Chyan Chen
Nocturnal enuresis causes significant psychological distress to affected children and their family and requires appropriate management. A 12-member expert committee of pediatric urologists and pediatric nephrologists in Taiwan with extensive experience in treating enuresis was established to develop consensus statements and a recommended treatment algorithm for the management of patients with nocturnal enuresis in Taiwan after careful consideration of current evidence, existing guidelines, and expert opinion as well as local practice and culture...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776354/sleep-disturbance-and-psychological-distress-are-associated-with-functional-dyspepsia-based-on-rome-iii-criteria
#15
Yong Li, Yaoyao Gong, Yinghui Li, Danjun He, Yuqin Wu, Haofei Wang, Xiaoyin Cong, Muxin Wei, Lin Lin
BACKGROUND: Functional dyspepsia (FD) is considered a bio-psychosocial disorder. The role of psychosocial factors in FD pathogenesis remains unclear. METHODS: This study evaluated sleep quality and mood symptoms in patients with FD, assessing the associations of FD severity, disordered sleep, and psychological symptoms. One-hundred-and-fifteen adult patients with typical FD symptoms were enrolled alongside 61 healthy volunteers. Rome III criteria were used to evaluate FD symptoms; sleep disorder was assessed with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90R) was utilized to determine the status of depression, anxiety and other psychological symptoms...
May 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774649/end-of-life-trajectory-of-coping-and-self-care-of-patients-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-a-meta-synthesis-using-meta-ethnography
#16
Yasuko Igai
AIM: This study aimed to extract patient narratives regarding the end-of-life trajectory of their self-care and coping experiences as patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and to use meta-ethnography to discover common metaphors of their experience in order to inform the development of nursing interventions. METHODS: A comprehensive search of qualitative research using electronic databases, in English and Japanese, regarding patients with IPF, identified four articles...
May 17, 2018: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773292/health-related-quality-of-life-measurement-in-patients-with-chronic-respiratory-failure
#17
REVIEW
Toru Oga, Wolfram Windisch, Tomohiro Handa, Toyohiro Hirai, Kazuo Chin
The improvement of health-related quality of life (HRQL) is an important goal in managing patients with chronic respiratory failure (CRF) receiving long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) and/or domiciliary noninvasive ventilation (NIV). Two condition-specific HRQL questionnaires have been developed to specifically assess these patients: the Maugeri Respiratory Failure Questionnaire (MRF) and the Severe Respiratory Insufficiency Questionnaire (SRI). The MRF is more advantageous in its ease of completion; conversely, the SRI measures diversified health impairments more multi-dimensionally and discriminatively with greater balance, especially in patients receiving NIV...
May 2018: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773162/psychopharmacology-and-cardiovascular-disease
#18
REVIEW
Ileana L Piña, Katherine E Di Palo, Hector O Ventura
This review discusses common mental health disorders and their associations with cardiovascular disease risks. Commonly found mental health disorders include depression, anxiety, and personality types. The link between depression and cardiovascular disease mortality has been established. Depression is also common in patients with heart failure. In addition to discussing psychological disorders, a review of psychotropic drugs is also included. Drugs are described for therapy for depression and anxiety, as well as associations with cardiovascular drug-drug interactions...
May 22, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773148/personalized-treatment-outcomes-in-patients-with-somatoform-disorder-a-concept-mapping-study
#19
Sonja Klemm, Saskia van Broeckhuysen-Kloth, Sanne van Vliet, Lummy Oosterhuis, Rinie Geenen
OBJECTIVE: From a patient-centered perspective, treatment outcome measures in somatoform disorder need to be (1) personalized to the patient, (2) fit core problems that are targeted in therapy, and (3) reflect one's ability to adapt and self-manage anticipated deterioration. The aim of this study was to identify an encompassing set of treatment outcome variables in patients with somatoform disorder. METHODS: In-depth interviews yielded a comprehensive overview of 60 treatment outcomes that were sorted in a card sorting task according to similarity of meaning by 30 patients...
June 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770106/perceptions-about-authentic-leadership-development-south-african-occupational-therapy-students-camp-experience
#20
Fatima Hendricks, Susan Toth-Cohen
Background: Twenty-three years into democracy, concern is deepening regarding the slow progress of Occupational Therapy (OT) in South Africa, especially with regard to diversity and inclusion within OT. Methods: This study explores authentic leadership development primarily among Black OT students attending a pilot Occupational Therapy Association of South Africa (OTASA) National Student Leadership Camp. It seeks to ascertain their perceptions on leadership and leadership development...
2018: Occupational Therapy International
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