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Psychological therapies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937451/cognitive-and-psychosocial-functioning-of-preschool-aged-children-with-cancer
#1
Victoria W Willard, Lauren E Cox, Kathryn M Russell, Ansley Kenney, Niki Jurbergs, Andrew E Molnar, Jennifer L Harman
OBJECTIVE: Most children with cancer are diagnosed in early childhood, potentially resulting in missed developmental opportunities. The most common diagnoses-brain tumors, leukemia-are also associated with increased risk of neurocognitive deficits. Unfortunately, research regarding the functioning of preschool-aged children with cancer is limited. Our objective is to describe the cognitive and psychosocial functioning of preschool-aged children with cancer who completed a clinical evaluation at a hospital-based psychology clinic...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935393/the-effectiveness-of-psychological-interventions-on-self-care-psychological-and-health-outcomes-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Ying Jiang, Shefaly Shorey, Betsy Seah, Wanxian Chan, Wilson Wai San Tam, Wenru Wang
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence to determine the effects of psychological interventions on self-care and psychological and health outcomes in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS: We evaluated the effectiveness of randomized controlled trials using psychological methods or theory on self-care behaviors, anxiety and depression levels, HRQoL, and physical function. Studies published in English, from January 2006 to December 2016, were considered. We searched published and unpublished studies in the following electronic databases: CINAHL, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PubMed, PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of Science, and ProQuest Dissertations and Theses...
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935225/heart-rate-variability-biofeedback-and-other-psychophysiological-procedures-as-important-elements-in-psychotherapy
#3
REVIEW
Paul Lehrer
Lang's distinction of psychophysiological, behavioral, and cognitive domains in psychological problems and therapies provides a useful heuristic for guiding psychotherapy. Much psychotherapy practice emphasizes the cognitive domain, but behavioral and psychophysiological interventions show at least equivalent effectiveness for some kinds of problems. Most descriptions of cognitive behavior therapy emphasize cognitive procedures, although most CBT approaches also incorporate behavioral interventions such as social skills training, exposure, and behavior activation...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932874/-epilepsy-new-diagnostic-tools-old-drugs-therapeutic-consequences-of-epilepsy-genetics
#4
REVIEW
M Tacke, B A Neubauer, L Gerstl, T Roser, J Rémi, I Borggraefe
BACKGROUND: Recent advances in the field of epilepsy genetics have led to an increased fraction of patients with epilepsies where the etiology of the disease could be identified. Nevertheless, there is some criticism regarding the use of epilepsy genetics because in many cases the identification of a pathogenetic mutation does not lead to an adaptation of therapy or to an improved prognosis. In addition, the interpretation of genetic results might be complicated due to the considerable numbers of variants of unclear significance...
September 20, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932258/the-effect-for-japanese-workers-of-a-self-help-computerized-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-program-with-a-supplement-soft-drink
#5
Kentaro Shirotsuki, Yuji Nonaka, Keiichi Abe, So-Ichiro Adachi, Shohei Adachi, Tomifusa Kuboki, Mutsuhiro Nakao
BACKGROUND: Computerized cognitive behaviour therapy (CCBT) programs can provide a useful self-help approach to the treatment of psychological problems. Previous studies have shown that CCBT has moderate effects on depression, insomnia, and anxiety. The present study investigated whether a supplement drink that includes L-carnosine enhances the effect of CCBT on psychological well-being. METHODS: Eighty-seven participants were randomly allocated to a control group, CCBT, or CCBT with supplement drink...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930785/patients-and-clinicians-views-of-the-psychological-components-of-tinnitus-treatment-that-could-inform-audiologists-usual-care-a-delphi-survey
#6
Dean M Thompson, John Taylor, Deborah A Hall, Dawn-Marie Walker, Mary McMurran, Amanda Casey, David Stockdale, Debbie Featherstone, Derek J Hoare
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine which components of psychological therapies are most important and appropriate to inform audiologists' usual care for people with tinnitus. DESIGN: A 39-member panel of patients, audiologists, hearing therapists, and psychologists completed a three-round Delphi survey to reach consensus on essential components of audiologist-delivered psychologically informed care for tinnitus. RESULTS: Consensus (≥80% agreement) was reached on including 76 of 160 components...
September 19, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930235/current-usage-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-for-breast-cancer-a-narrative-approach-to-the-experiences-of-women-with-breast-cancer-in-australia-a-pilot-study
#7
Dianna Porter, Suzanne Cochrane, Xiaoshu Zhu
Background: The use of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) by breast cancer patients is growing. Few studies have examined the complexity of breast cancer survivors' attitudes, lived experiences, barriers, and perceptions in using TCM as part of their treatment journey. This article examines breast cancer survivors' experiences, perceptions of, and benefits (or not) in using TCM. Methods: Qualitative research, using semi-structured interviews, was the chosen methodology. Results: Participants used TCM as a form of self-help and as a complement, not an alternative, to standard care...
April 21, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926526/group-interventions-to-reduce-emotional-distress-and-fatigue-in-breast-cancer-patients-a-9-month-follow-up-pragmatic-trial
#8
Charlotte Grégoire, Isabelle Bragard, Guy Jerusalem, Anne-Marie Etienne, Philippe Coucke, Gilles Dupuis, Dominique Lanctôt, Marie-Elisabeth Faymonville
BACKGROUND: Long-term effects of psychosocial interventions to reduce emotional distress, sleep difficulties, and fatigue of breast cancer patients are rarely examined. We aim to assess the effectiveness of three group interventions, based on cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), yoga, and self-hypnosis, in comparison to a control group at a 9-month follow-up. METHODS: A total of 123 patients chose to participate in one of the interventions. A control group was set up for those who agreed not to participate...
September 19, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926306/efficacy-of-art-therapy-in-individuals-with-personality-disorders-cluster-b-c-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Suzanne Haeyen, Susan van Hooren, William van der Veld, Giel Hutschemaekers
Multidisciplinary treatment programs for patients with personality disorders (PDs) often include art therapy, but the efficacy of this intervention has hardly been evaluated. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effects of an art therapy intervention on psychological functioning of patients with a PD. In this randomized controlled trial, 57 adult participants diagnosed with a PD cluster B/C (SCID-II) were randomly assigned to either weekly group art therapy (1.5 hours, 10 weeks) or a waiting list group...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926288/effect-of-inpatient-palliative-care-during-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-on-psychological-distress-6-months-after-transplant-results-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Areej El-Jawahri, Lara Traeger, Joseph A Greer, Harry VanDusen, Sarah R Fishman, Thomas W LeBlanc, William F Pirl, Vicki A Jackson, Jason Telles, Alison Rhodes, Zhigang Li, Thomas R Spitzer, Steven McAfee, Yi-Bin A Chen, Jennifer S Temel
Purpose Inpatient palliative care integrated with transplant care improves patients' quality of life (QOL) and symptom burden during hematopoietic stem-cell transplant (HCT). We assessed patients' mood, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and QOL 6 months post-transplant. Methods We randomly assigned 160 patients with hematologic malignancies who underwent autologous or allogeneic HCT to inpatient palliative care integrated with transplant care (n = 81) or transplant care alone (n = 79). At baseline and 6 months post-transplant, we assessed mood, PTSD symptoms, and QOL with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and Patient Health Questionnaire, PTSD checklist, and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Bone Marrow Transplant...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924677/fear-of-progression-in-cancer-patients-and-survivors
#11
Andreas Dinkel, Peter Herschbach
Fear of progression (or fear of recurrence) is an appropriate, adequate response to the real threat of cancer. However, elevated levels of fear of progression can become dysfunctional, affecting well-being, quality of life, and social functioning. Research has shown that fear of progression is one of the most frequent distress symptoms of patients with cancer. As a clear consensus concerning clinically relevant states of fear of progression is still lacking, it is difficult to provide a valid estimate of the rate of cancer patients who clearly suffer from fear of progression...
2018: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923310/factors-associated-with-specific-diagnostic-and-statistical-manual-of-mental-disorders-fourth-edition-sexual-dysfunctions-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-study-of-patients-and-their-partners
#12
Susanna B Hummel, Daniela E E Hahn, Jacques J D M van Lankveld, Hester S A Oldenburg, Eva Broomans, Neil K Aaronson
BACKGROUND: Many women develop sexual problems after breast cancer (BC) treatment. Little is known about BC survivors with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) sexual dysfunction and their partners, and the factors associated with their sexual functioning. AIM: To evaluate (i) patient-related and clinical factors associated with (a) specific DSM-IV sexual dysfunctions and (b) level of sexual functioning and sexual distress as reported by BC survivors and (ii) the association between the sexual functioning of BC survivors and that of their partners...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922008/crying-in-psychotherapy-the-perspective-of-therapists-and-clients
#13
Sarah Knox, Clara E Hill, Graham Knowlton, Harold Chui, Nathan Pruitt, Kevin Tate
Eighteen U.S.-based doctoral students in counseling or clinical psychology were interviewed by phone regarding experiences of crying in therapy. Specifically, they described crying as therapists with their clients, as clients with their therapists, and experiences when their therapists cried in the participants' therapy. Data were analyzed using consensual qualitative research. When crying with their clients, therapists expressed concern about the appropriateness/impact of crying, cried only briefly and because they felt an empathic connection with their clients, thought that the crying strengthened the relationship, discussed the event with their supervisor, and wished they had discussed the event more fully with clients...
September 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921523/a-single-session-growth-mindset-intervention-for-adolescent-anxiety-and-depression-9-month-outcomes-of-a-randomized-trial
#14
Jessica Schleider, John Weisz
BACKGROUND: Single-session interventions (SSIs) show promise in the prevention and treatment of youth psychopathology, carrying potential to improve the scalability and accessibility of youth psychological services. However, existing SSIs have conferred greater benefits for youths with anxiety, compared to depression or comorbid problems, and their effects have generally waned over time - particularly for follow-ups exceeding 3 months. METHOD: To help address these discrepancies, we tested whether a novel SSI teaching growth mindset of personality (the belief that personality is malleable) could reduce depression and anxiety and strengthen perceived control in high-risk adolescents (N = 96, ages 12-15)...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919774/optimizing-post-acute-care-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-rehabilitation-perspective
#15
REVIEW
Bhasker Amatya, Fary Khan, Mary P Galea
Breast cancer (BC) is the most common malignancy and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in women worldwide. Therapeutic advances and improved survival rates of women with BC have implications for long-term impact on disability, psychological function and quality of life (QoL), which may be amenable to rehabilitation. The focus of rehabilitation is on managing disability, reducing sequelae and symptoms, and enhancing participation and societal reintegration, to achieve the highest possible independence and the best QoL...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919130/the-nuts-and-bolts-of-cognitive-remediation-exploring-how-different-training-components-relate-to-cognitive-and-functional-gains
#16
Matteo Cella, Til Wykes
BACKGROUND: Cognitive Remediation (CR) is an evidence based treatment targeting cognitive and functional difficulties in people with psychosis. Despite the large number of effectiveness studies, only limited evidence exists for the active ingredients of this therapy. This study begins to fill this gap by exploring the relationship between CR ingredients, including alliance with a therapist, and therapy outcomes. METHOD: This is a secondary analysis based on data from a published randomised controlled trial comparing CR+treatment-as-usual (TAU) to TAU alone...
September 14, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917368/improving-vasomotor-symptoms-psychological-symptoms-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-peri-or-post-menopausal-women-through-yoga-an-umbrella-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
M Shepherd-Banigan, K M Goldstein, R R Coeytaux, J R McDuffie, A P Goode, A S Kosinski, M G Van Noord, D Befus, S Adam, V Masilamani, A Nagi, J W Williams
OBJECTIVES: Vasomotor symptoms (VMS), commonly reported during menopausal transition, negatively affect psychological health and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). While hormone therapy is an effective treatment, its use is limited by concerns about possible harms. Thus, many women with VMS seek nonhormonal, nonpharmacologic treatment options. However, evidence to guide clinical recommendations is inconclusive. This study reviewed the effectiveness of yoga, tai chi and qigong on vasomotor, psychological symptoms, and HRQoL in peri- or post-menopausal women...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917267/distance-delivered-physical-activity-interventions-for-childhood-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
David Mizrahi, Claire E Wakefield, Joanna E Fardell, Veronica F Quinn, Qishan Lim, Briana K Clifford, David Simar, Kirsten K Ness, Richard J Cohn
This review aimed to determine the feasibility of distance-delivered physical activity (PA) interventions in childhood cancer survivors (CCS), and assess the effect on PA levels, and physical, physiological and psychological outcomes. We searched electronic databases until May 2016, including studies following intensive treatment. Meta-analyses were conducted on randomized controlled trials. We calculated the effect of interventions on PA levels and physical, physiological and psychological health outcomes...
October 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915815/designing-an-implementation-intervention-with-the-behaviour-change-wheel-for-health-provider-smoking-cessation-care-for-australian-indigenous-pregnant-women
#19
Gillian S Gould, Yael Bar-Zeev, Michelle Bovill, Lou Atkins, Maree Gruppetta, Marilyn J Clarke, Billie Bonevski
BACKGROUND: Indigenous smoking rates are up to 80% among pregnant women: prevalence among pregnant Australian Indigenous women was 45% in 2014, contributing significantly to the health gap for Indigenous Australians. We aimed to develop an implementation intervention to improve smoking cessation care (SCC) for pregnant Indigenous smokers, an outcome to be achieved by training health providers at Aboriginal Medical Services (AMS) in a culturally competent approach, developed collaboratively with AMS...
September 15, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915423/premature-psychotherapy-termination-in-an-outpatient-treatment-program-for-personality-disorders-a-survival-analysis
#20
Dominick Gamache, Claudia Savard, Sophie Lemelin, Alexandre Côté, Evens Villeneuve
OBJECTIVE: Psychological treatment for patients with personality disorders (PD) is plagued with a high proportion of early dropouts, and attempts to identify risk factors for attrition have generated very few conclusive results. The purpose of the present study is to identify significant predictors of early treatment termination in a long-term psychotherapy program for PD. METHODS: Data was retrospectively retrieved from 174 files of patients who began long-term psychotherapy in an outpatient treatment program in Quebec City, Canada...
August 9, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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