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Psychological therapies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933099/treating-nonsuicidal-self-injury-nssi-in-adolescents-consensus-based-german-guidelines
#1
Paul L Plener, Romuald Brunner, Jörg M Fegert, Rebecca C Groschwitz, Tina In-Albon, Michael Kaess, Nestor D Kapusta, Franz Resch, Katja Becker
BACKGROUND: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a frequent and clinically relevant phenomenon in adolescence. Within Europe, Germany has one of the highest prevalence rates in youth with lifetime prevalence ranging between 25 and 35%. However, treatment guidelines for NSSI are not yet available. METHODS: Consensus based clinical guidelines were created by a working group consisting of members of eleven medical, psychological or psychotherapeutic professional national associations, and two members of patient self-help and prevention groups...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933020/feasibility-of-group-schema-therapy-for-outpatients-with-severe-borderline-personality-disorder-in-germany-a-pilot-study-with-three-year-follow-up
#2
Eva Fassbinder, Maren Schuetze, Annika Kranich, Valerija Sipos, Fritz Hohagen, Ida Shaw, Joan Farrell, Arnoud Arntz, Ulrich Schweiger
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a severe, challenging to treat mental disorder. Schema therapy (ST) as an individual therapy has been proven to be an effective psychological treatment for BPD. A group format of ST (GST) has been developed and evaluated in a randomized controlled trial in the United States and piloted in The Netherlands. These results suggest that GST speeds up and amplifies treatment effects of ST and might reduce delivery costs. However, feasibility in the German health care system and with BPD patients with high BPD severity and comorbidity, and frequent hospitalization, has not been tested to date...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932983/cannabidiol-regulation-of-learned-fear-implications-for-treating-anxiety-related-disorders
#3
Regimantas Jurkus, Harriet L L Day, Francisco S Guimarães, Jonathan L C Lee, Leandro J Bertoglio, Carl W Stevenson
Anxiety and trauma-related disorders are psychiatric diseases with a lifetime prevalence of up to 25%. Phobias and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are characterized by abnormal and persistent memories of fear-related contexts and cues. The effects of psychological treatments such as exposure therapy are often only temporary and medications can be ineffective and have adverse side effects. Growing evidence from human and animal studies indicates that cannabidiol, the main non-psychotomimetic phytocannabinoid present in Cannabis sativa, alleviates anxiety in paradigms assessing innate fear...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931905/ethnic-differences-in-the-effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-combined-with-medication-comparing-asian-american-and-white-psychiatric-patients
#4
Jennifer Y Tang, Chieh Li, Rachel F Rodgers, Mary Ballou
Several meta-analyses have demonstrated the effectiveness of treatment utilizing cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) combined with medication. There is, however, a paucity of research comparing the effectiveness of this combined treatment with psychiatric patients from different ethnic backgrounds. This study is the first of its kind to compare the effectiveness of CBT combined with medication for Asian American and White patients' psychiatric symptom severity levels of depression, anxiety, psychological well-being, and quality of life...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931749/-hereditary-epidermolysis-bullosa-french-national-guidelines-pnds-for-diagnosis-and-treatment
#5
C Chiaverini, E Bourrat, J Mazereeuw-Hautier, S Hadj-Rabia, C Bodemer, J-P Lacour
Hereditary epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a heterogeneous group of rare genetic diseases characterized by fragile skin and/or mucous membrane, and it may be either local or generalized. It is caused by mutations in genes encoding different proteins involved mainly in the structure and function of the dermal-epidermal junction. Nineteen genes have so far been identified. They are classified by level of skin cleavage (from top to bottom) into four groups: EB simplex, junctional EB, dystrophic EB and Kindler syndrome...
December 5, 2016: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928433/psychopathology-and-psychotherapeutic-intervention-in-diabetes-particularities-challenges-and-limits
#6
REVIEW
Popa-Velea O, Bubulac L, Petrescu L, Purcarea Rm
Diabetes is a problem of great public health importance, creating a considerable burden to the affected individuals and society. The psychological approach of this disease implies the early acknowledging of behavioral symptoms and the construction of effective psychotherapeutic interventions. Regarding the psychological symptoms, cognitive malfunctions in diabetes include a slowing of information processing, attention, memory, and concentration, which, in turn, can significantly diminish motivation for therapy, compliance, and ability for self-care...
October 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925652/inclusion-of-a-rest-period-in-diaphragmatic-breathing-increases-high-frequency-heart-rate-variability-implications-for-behavioral-therapy
#7
Matthew E B Russell, April B Scott, Ian A Boggero, Charles R Carlson
Heart rate variability (HRV) is associated with positive physiological and psychological effects. HRV is affected by breathing parameters, yet debate remains regarding the best breathing interventions for strengthening HRV. The objective of the current study was to test whether the inclusion of a postexhalation rest period was effective at increasing HRV, while controlling for breathing rate. A within-subject crossover design was used with 40 participants who were assigned randomly to a breathing pattern including a postexhalation rest period or a breathing pattern that omitted the postexhalation rest period...
December 7, 2016: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925052/night-eating-syndrome-how-to-treat-it
#8
Thisciane Ferreira Pinto, Francisco Girleudo Coutinho da Silva, Veralice Meireles Sales de Bruin, Pedro Felipe Carvalhedo de Bruin
Night eating syndrome (NES) is characterized by caloric intake ≥ 25% of total daily after dinner and/or by two or more weekly nocturnal awakenings accompanied by food ingestion. Causes of NES are not entirely clear and seem to involve a desynchronization between the circadian rhythms of food ingestion and sleep, resulting in a delayed pattern of food intake. Estimates of the prevalence of NES in the general population are around 1.5%, and although much higher frequencies have been described in obese individuals, a causal relationship between NES and obesity is not clearly established...
October 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923883/to-be-or-not-to-be-positive-development-of-a-tool-to-assess-the-relationship-of-negative-positive-and-realistic-thinking-with-psychological-distress-in-breast-cancer
#9
Émilie Gilbert, Josée Savard, Pierre Gagnon, Marie-Hélène Savard, Hans Ivers, Guillaume Foldes-Busque
There is a widespread belief that positive thinking is a key strategy to cope with cancer. While dispositional optimism is associated with lower psychological distress, the literature supporting the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy indirectly suggests that realistic thinking is also effective. This article describes the development of the Thoughts and Anticipations about Cancer questionnaire designed to directly compare the effect of realistic thinking versus positive thinking on adjustment to cancer...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923435/a-single-arm-pilot-trial-of-brief-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-in-adolescents-with-physical-and-psychiatric-comorbidities
#10
Tonya M Palermo, Sarah Beals-Erickson, Maggie Bromberg, Emily Law, Maida Chen
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The majority of adolescents with chronic insomnia have physical health or psychiatric comorbidities; insomnia is also associated with greater negative daytime symptoms (e.g., depressive symptoms) and reduced overall health-related quality of life (HRQOL). However, to date, there has been limited attention to treatment of insomnia in this population. The purpose of this study was to determine the preliminary efficacy of a brief cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) intervention on sleep, psychological symptoms, and HRQOL outcomes in adolescents with insomnia and co-occurring physical or psychiatric comorbidities...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923341/-unseen-suffering-therapy-for-traumatized-refugee-children
#11
Andreas Mattenschlager, Stefanie Nahler, Regine Reisinger
Unseen Suffering - Therapy for Traumatized Refugee Children In March 2015 the psychological counselling service (Psychologische Familien- und Lebensberatung) of Caritas Ulm initiated a psychotherapy project for traumatized minor refugees. Besides individual and group therapy, networking and qualification of qualified personnel and volunteers, in autumn 2015 we started offering our services on-site in a large collective accommodation for asylum seekers in Ulm. This was mainly because - in contrast to unaccompanied, mostly adolescent, minor refugees - our services appeared to reach children only by chance...
December 2016: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923243/-evaluation-of-contextual-factors-in-psychosomatic-rehabilitation
#12
N I Bülau, F Kessemeier, F Petermann, M Bassler, A Kobelt
Objectives: Although individualized and ICF-oriented implementation of rehabilitation treatment requires knowledge of relevant contextual factors, there is a lack of operationalized documentation and measurement tools to evaluate these factors. Therefore, an ICF-oriented semi-structured interview was designed. Methods: 20 contextual factors were externally assessed whether they negatively affected mental functioning and participation of psychosomatic patients. Additionally, psychometric scales were applied...
December 2016: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922916/longitudinal-trends-in-anxiety-depression-and-quality-of-life-during-different-intermittent-periods-of-adjuvant-breast-cancer-chemotherapy
#13
Zhang Jiayuan, Zhou Yuqiu, Feng Ziwei, Xu Yong, Zeng Guangchun
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy (CT) is an important adjuvant treatment that has been widely used for breast cancer (BC) patients. However, no research has focused on trends in emotions and quality of life (QOL) during intermittent periods between CT sessions that are critical for recovery. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate longitudinal trends in anxiety, depression, and QOL during the different intermittent periods between adjuvant CT for BC. METHODS: A longitudinal study design was adopted...
December 5, 2016: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922448/the-second-randomised-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-cost-effectiveness-and-acceptability-of-computerised-therapy-reeact-2-trial-does-the-provision-of-telephone-support-enhance-the-effectiveness-of-computer-delivered-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-a-randomised
#14
Sally Brabyn, Ricardo Araya, Michael Barkham, Peter Bower, Cindy Cooper, Ana Duarte, David Kessler, Sarah Knowles, Karina Lovell, Elizabeth Littlewood, Richard Mattock, Stephen Palmer, Jodi Pervin, David Richards, Debbie Tallon, David White, Simon Walker, Gillian Worthy, Simon Gilbody
BACKGROUND: Computerised cognitive behaviour therapy (cCBT) is an efficient form of therapy potentially improving access to psychological care. Indirect evidence suggests that the uptake and effectiveness of cCBT can be increased if facilitated by telephone, but this is not routinely offered in the NHS. OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of telephone-facilitated free-to-use cCBT [e.g. MoodGYM (National Institute for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia)] with minimally supported cCBT...
November 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921338/melancholic-and-atypical-depression-as-predictor-and-moderator-of-outcome-in-cognitive-behavior-therapy-and-pharmacotherapy-for-adult-depression
#15
Pim Cuijpers, Erica Weitz, Femke Lamers, Brenda W Penninx, Jos Twisk, Robert J DeRubeis, Sona Dimidjian, Boadie W Dunlop, Robin B Jarrett, Zindel V Segal, Steven D Hollon
BACKGROUND: Melancholic and atypical depression are widely thought to moderate or predict outcome of pharmacological and psychological treatments of adult depression, but that has not yet been established. This study uses the data from four earlier trials comparing cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) versus antidepressant medications (ADMs; and pill placebo when available) to examine the extent to which melancholic and atypical depression moderate or predict outcome in an "individual patient data" meta-analysis...
December 6, 2016: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921046/weight-management-in-primary-care
#16
REVIEW
Susanne Maurer
BACKGROUND: Obesity is one of the greatest public health challenges worldwide. It is not only a medical but also a philosophical, ecological, economic, sociocultural, and psychological problem as well as a severe consequence of our modern value definition to 'receive more and more'. Therefore, physicians are not able to treat obesity broadly and should not be used as tools to achieve certain weight goals. METHODS: This article presents an outline of conservative obesity therapy...
October 2016: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920802/the-role-of-drugs-in-bone-pain
#17
REVIEW
Francesco Marras, Paolo Tranquilli Leali
: Painful symptomatology in the skeletal system can be found in various pathological conditions and can be either localised or diffused. Bone tenderness is common in those who are of an elderly age. TREATMENT STRATEGY: Patients should be informed of the possible causes of their pain and the different therapies that could alleviate it; furthermore they should be encouraged to have an active role in their therapy. It is necessary to prevent the onset of the pain (by the clock) by considering the biological half-life, the bioavailability and the duration of action of the therapy...
May 2016: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919521/unsolved-forgotten-and-ignored-features-of-the-placebo-response-in-medicine
#18
REVIEW
Paul Enck, Sibylle Klosterhalfen, Katja Weimer
PURPOSE: We aimed to identify topics of research that have been neglected, undervalued, or overseen in the past 2 decades of placebo/nocebo research. METHODS: A highly specialized literature database containing >3200 articles on the placebo or nocebo effects or response was screened for articles covering placebo effects in nutrition, sports medicine, physical therapy, and psychotherapy; for article covering gender, age, and culture as influencing factors; for articles dealing with long-term outcome, multimodality; and for articles related to technical (eHealth, mHealth) aspects of placebo effects...
December 2, 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919499/quality-of-life-and-its-correlates-in-adolescent-multiple-sclerosis-patients
#19
Slavica Ostojic, Dejan Stevanovic, Jasna Jancic
INTRODUCTION: Measures of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) are considered to be more comprehensive in health outcome assessments than scales assessing only the degree of neurological deficit. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate HRQOL and its correlates among adolescents with multiple sclerosis (MS) in Serbia. METHODS: Demographic, clinical, and patient-reported outcome data were collected for 21 adolescents with MS, aged 14-18 years...
November 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919283/outcomes-and-survival-prediction-models-for-severe-adult-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-treated-with-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#20
REVIEW
Sacha Rozencwajg, David Pilcher, Alain Combes, Matthieu Schmidt
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has known a growing interest over the last decades with promising results during the 2009 A(H1N1) influenza epidemic. Targeting populations that can most benefit from this therapy is now of major importance.Survival has steadily improved for a decade, reaching up to 65% at hospital discharge in the most recent cohorts. However, ECMO is still marred by frequent and significant complications such as bleeding and nosocomial infections...
December 5, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
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