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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036770/emergency-contraception-oral-and-intrauterine-options
#1
Kirsten I Black, Safeera Y Hussainy
BACKGROUND: Emergency contraception can be used to prevent pregnancy where contraception has not been used, or there has been contraceptive misuse or failure. Australian women have three options for emergency contraception: two types of oral pills (levonorgestrel [LNG]-containing pill and ulipristal acetate [UPA]) and the copper intrauterine device (IUD). Both pills are available from pharmacies without prescription, whereas the copper IUD requires insertion by a trained provider. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to describe the indications, efficacy and contraindications for use of the three emergency contraceptive methods available in Australia...
October 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036253/understanding-state-regulation-of-biosimilars-and-effect-on-prescribers
#2
Katerina Yale, Olabola Awosika, Monica Rengifo-Pardo, Alison Ehrlich
Biologics are a mainstay of treatment for many dermatologic conditions, however the high costs can be prohibitive for many patients. A growing market of biosimilar drugs is emerging with the hope of providing patients access to more affordable medications. While the FDA has created an abbreviated licensure pathway for these drugs, states are still in the process of creating regulations regarding their substitution for reference biologics. This article looks to raise awareness of the current federal regulations and the differences among state regulations regarding the use of biosimilars...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026296/trends-in-health-care-resource-utilization-and-pharmacological-management-of-copd-in-taiwan-from-2004-to-2010
#3
Ying-Huang Tsai, Tsung-Ming Yang, Chieh-Mo Lin, Shu-Yi Huang, Yu-Wen Wen
RATIONALE: COPD has attracted widespread attention worldwide. The prevalence of COPD in Taiwan has been reported, but little is known about trends in health care resource utilization and pharmacologic management in COPD treatment. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article was to study trends in health care resource utilization, pharmacologic management, and medical costs of COPD treatment in Taiwan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Reimbursement claims in the Taiwan National Health Insurance System from 2004 to 2010 were collected...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021008/medication-review-and-transitions-of-care-a-case-report-of-a-decade-old-medication-error
#4
Rachel Comer, Mitsi Lizer
A 69-year-old Caucasian male with a 25-year history of paranoid schizophrenia was brought to the emergency department because of violence toward the staff in his nursing facility. He was diagnosed with a urinary tract infection and was admitted to the behavioral health unit for medication stabilization. History included a five-year state psychiatric hospital admission and nursing facility placement. Because of poor cognitive function, the patient was unable to corroborate medication history, so the pharmacy student on rotation performed an in-depth chart review...
October 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017473/australian-consumer-perspectives-attitudes-and-behaviours-on-antibiotic-use-and-antibiotic-resistance-a-qualitative-study-with-implications-for-public-health-policy-and-practice
#5
Elaine P M Lum, Katie Page, Lisa Nissen, Jenny Doust, Nicholas Graves
BACKGROUND: Consumers receive over 27 million antibiotic prescriptions annually in Australian primary healthcare. Hence, consumers are a key group to engage in the fight against antibiotic resistance. There is a paucity of research pertaining to consumers in the Australian healthcare environment. This study aimed to investigate the perspectives, attitudes and behaviours of Australian consumers on antibiotic use and antibiotic resistance, to inform national programs for reducing inappropriate antibiotic consumption...
October 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986515/improving-admission-medication-reconciliation-with-pharmacists-or-pharmacy-technicians-in-the-emergency-department-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Joshua M Pevnick, Caroline Nguyen, Cynthia A Jackevicius, Katherine A Palmer, Rita Shane, Galen Cook-Wiens, Andre Rogatko, Mackenzie Bear, Olga Rosen, David Seki, Brian Doyle, Anish Desai, Douglas S Bell
BACKGROUND: Admission medication history (AMH) errors frequently cause medication order errors and patient harm. OBJECTIVE: To quantify AMH error reduction achieved when pharmacy staff obtain AMHs before admission medication orders (AMO) are placed. METHODS: This was a three-arm randomised controlled trial of 306 inpatients. In one intervention arm, pharmacists, and in the second intervention arm, pharmacy technicians, obtained initial AMHs prior to admission...
October 6, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984514/inpatient-costs-and-blood-transfusion-rates-of-sarcopenic-patients-following-thoracolumbar-spine-surgery
#7
Steven L Bokshan, Alex Han, J Mason DePasse, Stephen E Marcaccio, Adam E M Eltorai, Alan H Daniels
OBJECTIVE Sarcopenia, the muscle atrophy associated with aging and disease progression, accounts for nearly $18.5 billion in health care expenditures annually. Given the high prevalence of sarcopenia in patients undergoing orthopedic surgery, the goal of this study was to assess the impact of sarcopenia on inpatient costs following thoracolumbar spine surgery. METHODS Patients older than 55 years undergoing thoracolumbar spine surgery from 2003 to 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Sarcopenia was measured using total psoas area at the L-4 vertebra on perioperative CT scans...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976789/estimating-asthma-control-questionnaire-acq-scores-from-claims-data
#8
Patrick W Sullivan, Vahram H Ghushchyan, Gary Globe
BACKGROUND: Asthma control is the main focus of treatment guidelines. Valid instruments such as the Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ) require prospective survey. These surveys may be challenging for large population health applications. OBJECTIVE: To develop an algorithm for estimating ACQ-5 scores from commonly available claims data. METHODS: Data was derived from four prospective surveys including the ACQ-5 combined with retrospective claims of Kaiser Permanente of Colorado (KPCO) patients...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976385/-approach-to-syncope-in-the-elderly
#9
Okan Erdoğan
Elderly syncope currently accounts a substantial number of emergency admissions. Unfortunately, in elderly syncope we are faced with major difficulties while providing diagnostic and therapeutic decisions. It is quite necessary to distinguish between syncope and non-syncopal causes which create further difficulties during diagnostic work-up because of co-morbid conditions and poly-pharmacy used by the elderly. The present article aims to describe causes of elderly syncope and its differential diagnosis as well as tips and tricks during diagnostic process...
September 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974535/socioeconomic-background-and-commercial-health-plan-spending
#10
Alyna T Chien, Joseph P Newhouse, Lisa I Iezzoni, Carter R Petty, Sharon-Lise T Normand, Mark A Schuster
BACKGROUND: Risk-adjustment algorithms typically incorporate demographic and clinical variables to equalize compensation to insurers for enrollees who vary in expected cost, but including information about enrollees' socioeconomic background is controversial. METHODS: We studied 1 182 847 continuously insured 0 to 19-year-olds using 2008-2012 Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts and American Community Survey data. We characterized enrollees' socioeconomic background using the validated area-based socioeconomic measure and calculated annual plan payments using paid claims...
October 3, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970617/exploring-the-requisite-skills-and-competencies-of-pharmacists-needed-for-success-in-an-evolving-health-care-environment
#11
Jacqueline E McLaughlin, Antonio A Bush, Philip T Rodgers, Mollie Ashe Scott, Meg Zomorodi, Nicole R Pinelli, Mary T Roth
Objective. To identify and describe the core competencies and skills considered essential for success of pharmacists in today's rapidly evolving health care environment. Methods. Six breakout groups of 15-20 preceptors, pharmacists, and partners engaged in a facilitated discussion about the qualities and characteristics relevant to the success of a pharmacy graduate. Data were analyzed using qualitative methods. Peer-debriefing, multiple coders, and member-checking were used to promote trustworthiness of findings...
August 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970412/exploration-of-learning-during-an-international-health-elective-using-photovoice-methodology
#12
Amy Werremeyer, Elizabeth Skoy, Gina Aalgaard Kelly
Based on surveys and structured interviews, International Health Experiences (IHEs) improve cultural sensitivity, communication, and self-confidence among health professions students. However, open-ended methods to explore student learning during an IHE are not widely utilized. We sought to explore pharmacy student-identified learning during an IHE in an open-ended fashion using Photovoice methodology. Pharmacy students on an IHE in Guatemala were given disposable cameras and asked to photograph images that reflected their learning...
November 29, 2016: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970407/replicable-interprofessional-competency-outcomes-from-high-volume-inter-institutional-interprofessional-simulation
#13
Deborah Bambini, Matthew Emery, Margaret de Voest, Lisa Meny, Michael J Shoemaker
There are significant limitations among the few prior studies that have examined the development and implementation of interprofessional education (IPE) experiences to accommodate a high volume of students from several disciplines and from different institutions. The present study addressed these gaps by seeking to determine the extent to which a single, large, inter-institutional, and IPE simulation event improves student perceptions of the importance and relevance of IPE and simulation as a learning modality, whether there is a difference in students' perceptions among disciplines, and whether the results are reproducible...
October 25, 2016: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970402/perception-of-the-professional-knowledge-of-and-education-on-the-medical-technology-products-among-the-pharmacists-in-the-baltic-and-nordic-countries-a-cross-sectional-exploratory-study
#14
Daisy Volmer, Aleksandra Sokirskaja, Raisa Laaksonen, Kirsti Vainio, Niklas Sandler, Kjell H Halvorsen, Reidun Lisbet Skeide Kjome, Sveinbjörn Gizurarson, Ruta Muceniece, Baiba Maurina, Jurgita Dauksiene, Lilian Ruuben, Ingunn Björnsdottir, Tagne Ratassepp, Jyrki Heinämäki
With increased development of medical technology (MT), new challenges emerge related to education and training of pharmacists and other healthcare specialists. Currently, only a few universities in the EU promote MT education and research. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the current status, views on, and need for the education on MT for the pharmacy students and practicing pharmacists in the Baltic and Nordic countries. METHODS: The representatives of higher education institutions and community/hospital pharmacists from six Baltic and Nordic countries participated in a qualitative cross-sectional exploratory internet-based study from May to October 2014...
October 13, 2016: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966984/reducing-er-use-through-a-trainee-designed-interprofessional-care-group-for-high-utilizing-chronically-ill-patients-a-pilot-program
#15
Linnaea Schuttner, Zhenyu Zhang, Alice Kuo
BACKGROUND: Healthcare utilization is skewed to a subset of high-need, high-use patients, but optimal models of care are not known. PURPOSE: To reduce emergency room (ER) use and hospital readmissions, trainees designed an innovative model of care delivery for chronically ill, high-utilizing adult patients. METHODS: Enrolled patients (N = 65) joined an interprofessional care program (nutrition, behavioral health, pharmacy, and care coordination), located in a single ambulatory clinic with extended hours...
December 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Education & Practice (Online)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965092/attitudes-and-perceptions-of-gps-and-community-pharmacists-towards-their-role-in-the-prevention-of-bisphosphonate-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-a-qualitative-study-in-the-north-east-of-england
#16
Andrew Sturrock, Philip M Preshaw, Catherine Hayes, Scott Wilkes
BACKGROUND: Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) is a rare, yet significant, adverse effect of bisphosphonate therapy. A multidisciplinary approach to the prevention of BRONJ is recommended due to the significant morbidity and difficulty treating the condition. Current evidence suggests that both general practitioners (GPs) and community pharmacists have limited knowledge relating to BRONJ and that preventative strategies are rarely implemented. OBJECTIVE: To explore the attitudes and perceptions of GPs and community pharmacists on the risks and preventative strategies for the development of BRONJ...
September 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956283/the-effect-of-computerized-physician-order-entry-template-modifications-on-the-administration-of-high-risk-medications-in-older-adults-in-the-emergency-department
#17
Mitchell Kim, Stephen J Kaplan, Steven H Mitchell, Medley Gatewood, Itay Bentov, Katherine A Bennett, Carol A Crawford, Paul R Sutton, Diane Matsuwaka, Mamatha Damodarasamy, May J Reed
BACKGROUND: Older adults are more susceptible to adverse events when administered certain medications at doses appropriate for younger adults. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of default geriatric dosing on computerized physician order entry (CPOE) templates on the subsequent administration of recommended starting doses of opioids, benzodiazepines (BZDs) and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to older adults in the emergency department (ED)...
September 27, 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951937/personal-light-at-night-exposures-and-components-of-variability-in-two-common-shift-work-industries-uses-and-implications-for-future-research
#18
Amy L Hall, Hugh W Davies, Mieke Koehoorn
Objectives Shift workers' increased risk of various adverse health outcomes has been linked to light-at-night (LAN) exposure, but few studies have measured LAN exposure in workplaces. To inform future research methods, this study aimed to (i) measure shift workers' exposures to LAN across industries, occupations, and work environments and (ii) assess components of variance across different exposure groupings and metrics. Methods Between October 2015 and March 2016, 152 personal full-shift measurements were collected from 102 night shift workers in emergency health services (paramedics, dispatchers) and healthcare industries (nurses, care aides, security guards, unit clerks, and laboratory, pharmacy, and respiratory therapy staff) in the province of British Columbia, Canada...
September 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943822/decreasing-the-time-to-oral-antibiotics-in-a-university-hospital-pediatric-emergency-department
#19
R Zachary Thompson, Brian Gardner, Thomas Carter, Aric Schadler, Joye Allen, Abby Bailey
OBJECTIVES: To compare time to administration of oral antibiotics in the pediatric emergency department (ED) when antibiotics are stored in the pediatric ED versus when they were dispensed by central pharmacy services within an academic medical center. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of patients who received a one-time dose of oral antibiotics within the pediatric ED and were subsequently discharged home. Two 3-month time periods were compared to determine the metrics of providing oral antibiotics before and after these medications were stocked in the pediatric ED automated dispensing cabinet (ADC)...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929979/pharmacists-as-care-providers-for-stroke-patients-a-systematic-review
#20
Jade E Basaraba, Michelle Picard, Kirsten George-Phillips, Tania Mysak
BACKGROUND: Pharmacists have become an integral member of the multidisciplinary team providing clinical patient care in various healthcare settings. Although evidence supporting their role in the care of patients with other disease states is well-established, minimal literature has been published evaluating pharmacist interventions in stroke patients. The purpose of this systematic review is to summarize the evidence evaluating the impact of pharmacist interventions on stroke patient outcomes...
September 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
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