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Emergency pharmacy

Nicole K Smith, Kelly Cleland, Brandon Wagner, James Trussell
OBJECTIVES: This study describes women's reasons for seeking ulipristal acetate (UPA) for emergency contraception (EC) through the only authorized online retailer for UPA EC in the US. STUDY DESIGN: Women aged 14 to 59 years, living in states that allow prescription medications to be shipped from out-of-state, accessed the KwikMed online pharmacy between January 2011 and December 2015. After completing a medical eligibility screener, women answered optional multiple-choice questions...
October 18, 2016: Contraception
Jayme E Locke, Sally Gustafson, Shikha Mehta, Rhiannon D Reed, Brittany Shelton, Paul A MacLennan, Christine Durand, Jon Snyder, Nicholas Salkowski, Allan Massie, Deirdre Sawinski, Dorry L Segev
OBJECTIVE: To determine the survival benefit of kidney transplantation in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Although kidney transplantation (KT) has emerged as a viable option for select HIV-infected patients, concerns have been raised that risks of KT in HIV-infected patients are higher than those in their HIV-negative counterparts. Despite these increased risks, KT may provide survival benefit for the HIV-infected patient with ESRD, yet this important clinical question remains unanswered...
April 26, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Bayan Sharif-Chan, Dipti Tankala, Christine Leong, Zubin Austin, Marisa Battistella
Objective. To compare peer teaching in a medical and a pharmacy clinical teaching unit and to provide suggestions for future research in pharmacy near-peer teaching. Methods. This exploratory observational study used principles of ethnographic methodology for data collection and analysis. Observations were collected in a large downtown teaching hospital. An average of 4-6 hours per day were spent observing a team of medical trainees from the Faculty (School) of Medicine in the general internal medicine (unit for two weeks, followed by a team of pharmacy trainees in an ambulatory hemodialysis (HD) unit for two weeks...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Do Young Kim, Ki Tae Yoon, Won Kim, Jung Il Lee, Sung Hwi Hong, Danbi Lee, Jeong Won Jang, Jong Won Choi, Ilsu Kim, Yong Han Paik
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to estimate the direct medical costs of managing chronic hepatitis C (CHC) and its complications based on health-care resources in South Korea. METHODS: The study design was multicenter, retrospective, non-interventional, and observational. Between September 2013 and April 2014, health-care resource data from patients chronically infected with hepatitis C virus, regardless of genotype, were collected from 8 institutions, including data related to outpatient management, emergency care, and hospitalization...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Noll L Campbell, Anthony J Perkins, Pamela Bradt, Sinem Perk, Ronald C Wielage, Malaz A Boustani, Daniel B Ng
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between Anticholinergic Cognitive Burden (ACB) score and both cognitive impairment and health care utilization among a diverse ambulatory older adult population. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. DATA SOURCE: Medication exposure and other clinical data were extracted from the Regenstrief Medical Record System (RMRS), and cognitive diagnosis derived from a dementia screening and diagnosis study...
October 6, 2016: Pharmacotherapy
Louise E Curley, Janice Moody, Rukshar Gobarani, Trudi Aspden, Maree Jensen, Maureen McDonald, John Shaw, Janie Sheridan
BACKGROUND: Worldwide the demands on emergency and primary health care services are increasing. General practitioners and accident and emergency departments are often used unnecessarily for the treatment of minor ailments. Community pharmacy is often the first port of call for patients in the provision of advice on minor ailments, advising the patient on treatment or referring the patient to an appropriate health professional when necessary. The potential for community pharmacists to act as providers of triage services has started to be recognised, and community pharmacy triage services (CPTS) are emerging in a number of countries...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
Lisa Dolovich, Giulia Consiglio, Linda MacKeigan, Lusine Abrahamyan, Petros Pechlivanoglou, Valeria E Rac, Nedzad Pojskic, Elizabeth A Bojarski, Jiandong Su, Murray Krahn, Suzanne M Cadarette
BACKGROUND: MedsCheck Annual (MCA) is an Ontario government-funded medication review service for individuals taking 3 or more prescription medications for chronic conditions. METHODS: This cohort study analyzed linked administrative claims data from April 1, 2007, to March 31, 2013. Trends in MCA claims and recipient characteristics were examined. RESULTS: A total of 1,498,440 Ontarians (55% seniors, 55% female) received an MCA. One-third (36%) had 2 or more MCAs within 6 years...
September 2016: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
Elizabeth Marrett, Winghan Jacqueline Kwong, Feride Frech, Chunlin Qian
INTRODUCTION: Nausea and vomiting (NV) are common side effects of opioid use and limiting factors in pain management. This study sought to quantify the frequency of antiemetic prescribing and the impact of NV on health care resource utilization and costs in outpatients prescribed opioids for acute pain. The perspective was that of a commercial health plan. METHODS: Medical and pharmacy claims from IMS PharMetrics Plus were used to identify patients initiating opioid therapy with a prescription for an oxycodone-, hydrocodone- or codeine-containing immediate-release product for acute use (≤15-day supply) between October 1, 2013 and September 30, 2014...
October 4, 2016: Pain and Therapy
Jing Yuan, Zhiqiang Kevin Lu, Yanjun Zhang, Jun Wu, Bryan L Love, Richard M Schulz
OBJECTIVE: Racemic albuterol and levalbuterol are used to treat acute episodes of asthma. The main objective of this study was to compare levalbuterol therapy to albuterol therapy on incidence rates of subsequent emergency department (ED) visits and hospitalizations. METHOD: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of asthmatic children who had pharmacy refills for levalbuterol/albuterol in the South Carolina Medicaid database in 2002-2011. Children receiving levalbuterol were matched to those receiving albuterol using propensity score matching technique...
October 4, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
Alyssa Chappell, Katelyn Dervay
Purpose: To describe an innovative strategy for incorporating leadership training and development across multiple postgraduate year 2 (PGY2) pharmacy residency programs at a single institution. Background: Tampa General Hospital has 7 pharmacy residency positions: 4 postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) residents and a single resident for each of the 3 PGY2 programs (critical care, emergency medicine, and solid organ transplant). Administrative topics are incorporated across the PGY1 and PGY2 residency programs, with each PGY2 program having additional administrative topics specific to their specialty area...
September 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
Eline Tommelein, Els Mehuys, Inge Van Tongelen, Mirko Petrovic, Annemie Somers, Pieter Colin, Sophie Demarche, Thierry Van Hees, Thierry Christiaens, Koen Boussery
BACKGROUND: In this study, we aimed to (i) determine the prevalence of potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP) in community-dwelling older polypharmacy patients using the Ghent Older People's Prescriptions community-Pharmacy Screening (GheOP³S) tool, (ii) identify the items that account for the highest proportion of PIP and (iii) identify the patient variables that may influence the occurrence of PIP. Additionally, pharmacist-physician contacts emerging from PIP screening with the GheOP³S tool and feasibility of the GheOP³S tool in daily practice were evaluated...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Public Health
Yangyang R Yu, Paulette I Abbas, Carolyn M Smith, Kathleen E Carberry, Hui Ren, Binita Patel, Jed G Nuchtern, Monica E Lopez
PURPOSE: As reimbursement programs shift to value-based payment models emphasizing quality and efficient healthcare delivery, there exists a need to better understand process management to unearth true costs of patient care. We sought to identify cost-reduction opportunities in simple appendicitis management by applying a time-driven activity-based costing (TDABC) methodology to this high-volume surgical condition. METHODS: Process maps were created using medical record time stamps...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Julius Ho, Gladys Odhiambo, Lucy W Meng'anyi, Rosemary M Musuva, Joseph M Mule, Zakayo S Alaly, Maurice R Odiere, Pauline N Mwinzi, Lisa Ganley-Leal
BACKGROUND: Private sector medicine outlets are an important provider of health services across the developing world, and are an untapped means of distributing and selling vaccines outside of childhood immunization programs. The present study assessed the viability of medicine outlets (chemists and pharmacies) as potential channels for sale of vaccines. METHODS: To evaluate the viability of the medicine outlet model, we partnered with nine outlets across urban and rural communities in western Kenya to sell a nurse-administered typhoid vaccine...
September 29, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Thomas J Fitzgerald, Yoonjae Kang, Carolyn B Bridges, Todd Talbert, Sara J Vagi, Brock Lamont, Samuel B Graitcer
BACKGROUND: During an influenza pandemic, to achieve early and rapid vaccination coverage and maximize the benefit of an immunization campaign, partnerships between public health agencies and vaccine providers are essential. Immunizing pharmacists represent an important group for expanding access to pandemic vaccination. However, little is known about nationwide coordination between public health programs and pharmacies for pandemic vaccine response planning. METHODS: To assess relationships and planning activities between public health programs and pharmacies, we analyzed data from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention assessments of jurisdictions that received immunization and emergency preparedness funding from 2012 to 2015...
September 26, 2016: Vaccine
Kelly Cleland, Jamie Bass, Florida Doci, Angel M Foster
INTRODUCTION: After years of complex regulatory changes, levonorgestrel (LNG) emergency contraception (EC) is now approved for unrestricted sale in the United States. Timely access to EC pills is critical because they are more likely to work the sooner they are taken. This study assesses whether LNG EC is sold in accordance with current Food and Drug Administration regulations. METHODS: We distributed an online questionnaire through an EC-focused listserv for reproductive health professionals, asking data collectors to visit local stores and document product names, price, over-the-counter shelf availability, and misinformation about age restrictions...
September 24, 2016: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
Jackie Inch, Terry Porteous, Vivienne Maskrey, Annie Blyth, Jackie Burr, Jennifer Cleland, David J Wright, Richard Holland, Christine M Bond, Margaret C Watson
BACKGROUND: Effective management of minor ailments in community pharmacies could reduce the burden on alternative high-cost services (general practices, Emergency Departments). Evidence is needed regarding the appropriateness of management of these conditions in community pharmacies. OBJECTIVE: To explore the appropriateness of minor ailment management in community pharmacies. SETTING: Prospective, observational study of simulated patient (SP) visits to community pharmacies in Grampian (Scotland) and East Anglia (England)...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Farnoush Pedrami, Pamela Asenso, Sachin Devi
Objective. To identify trends in pharmacy education during last two decades using text mining. Methods. Articles published in the American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education (AJPE) in the past two decades were compiled in a database. Custom text analytics software was written using Visual Basic programming language in the Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) editor of Excel 2007. Frequency of words appearing in article titles was calculated using the custom VBA software. Data were analyzed to identify the emerging trends in pharmacy education...
August 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Cherie Tsingos-Lucas, Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich, Lorraine Smith
Objective. To evaluate student and teacher perceptions of the utility of the Reflective Ability Clinical Assessment (RACA) in an undergraduate pharmacy curriculum at an Australian university. Methods. A mixed-method study comprising the administration of a 7-item student survey on a 6-point Likert-type scale and a 45-minute focus group/phone interview with teachers. Results. Student (n=199) and teaching staff respondents (n=3) provided their perceptions of the implementation of the new educational tool. Student responses showed significant positive correlations between self-directed learning, counseling skills, relevance to future practice, and performance in an oral examination...
August 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Emma Wallace, Ronald McDowell, Kathleen Bennett, Tom Fahey, Susan M Smith
OBJECTIVES: Multimorbidity, defined as the presence of 2 or more chronic medical conditions in an individual, is associated with poorer health outcomes. Several multimorbidity measures exist, and the challenge is to decide which to use preferentially in predicting health outcomes. The study objective was to compare the performance of 5 count-based multimorbidity measures in predicting emergency hospital admission and functional decline in older community-dwelling adults attending primary care...
2016: BMJ Open
Vibhuti Arya, Eric Medina, Allison Scaccia, Cathleen Mathew, David Starr
Hurricane Sandy was one of the most severe natural disasters to hit the Mid-Atlantic States in recent history. Community pharmacies were among the businesses affected, with flooding and power outages significantly reducing services offered by many pharmacies. The objectives of our study were to assess the impact of Hurricane Sandy on community pharmacies, both independently owned and chain, in the severely affected areas of New York City (NYC), including Coney Island, Staten Island, and the Rockaways, using qualitative methods, and propose strategies to mitigate the impact of future storms and disasters...
January 2016: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
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