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Mental Illness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453749/lifelong-robbery-victimisation-and-mental-disorders-at-age-18-years-brazilian-population-based-study
#1
Joseph Murray, Natália Peixoto Lima, Ana Carolina Oliveira Ruivo, Andrea Ramírez Varela, Caroline Cardozo Bortolotto, Elma Izze da Silva Magalhães, Franciéle Marabotti Costa Leite, Mariana Otero Xavier, Jean-Baptiste Pingault, Seena Fazel, Gregore Iven Mielke, Luciana Anselmi, Fernando César Wehrmeister, Helen Gonçalves, Ana Maria Baptista Menezes
PURPOSE: Urban violence is a major problem in Brazil and may contribute to mental disorders among victims. The aim of this study was to assess the association between robbery victimisation and mental health disorders in late adolescence. METHODS: At age 18 years, 4106 participants in the 1993 Pelotas Birth Cohort Study were assessed. A questionnaire about history of robbery victimisation was administered, the Self-Report Questionnaire was used to screen for common mental disorders, and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview was used to assess major depressive disorder and generalised anxiety disorder...
February 17, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453748/social-distance-in-lithuanian-psychology-and-social-work-students-and-professionals
#2
Aiste Pranckeviciene, Kristina Zardeckaite-Matulaitiene, Rasa Marksaityte, Aukse Endriulaitiene, Douglas R Tillman, David D Hof
PURPOSE: This cross-sectional study aimed to compare desire for social distance from people with mental illness in the disciplines of social work and psychology, and among students and professionals having different professional experience. METHODS: 948 respondents (715 students and 233 professionals) from Lithuanian educational and mental health-care institutions participated in an anonymous survey. Social distance was measured using Lithuanian Social Distance Scale which was created for this study...
February 16, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452789/informal-caregiving-and-metabolic-markers-in-the-uk-household-longitudinal-study
#3
Rebecca E Lacey, Anne McMunn, Elizabeth A Webb
OBJECTIVES: Informal caregiving is associated with poorer mental and physical health. Little research has yet focused on objectively measured health risk factors, such as metabolic markers. The aim of this study was to investigate whether informal caregiving was associated with markers of metabolism in a large, representative UK longitudinal study. We also investigated whether more intensive caregiving, as indicated by more caregiving hours, was associated with a less favourable metabolic profile...
March 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452704/substance-use-disorder-among-current-cancer-patients-rates-and-correlates-nationally-in-the-department-of-veterans-affairs
#4
Pochu Ho, Robert Rosenheck
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorders (SUDs) are known to cause or complicate treatment of many types of cancers. OBJECTIVES: We sought to systematically assess rates of current SUDs among patients currently in treatment for cancer. METHODS: The National Veteran Health Administration administrative data from fiscal year 2012 were used to compare veterans with both cancer and comorbid SUDs to veterans with cancer but no SUDs and those with a SUD but no cancer...
January 10, 2018: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452365/indigenous-medicine-and-biomedical-health-care-in-fragile-settings-insights-from-burundi
#5
Jean-Benoît Falisse, Serena Masino, Raymond Ngenzebuhoro
This study contributes to the health policy debate on medical systems integration by describing and analysing the interactions between health-care users, indigenous healers, and the biomedical public health system, in the so far rarely documented case of post-conflict Burundi. We adopt a mixed-methods approach combining (1) data from an existing survey on access to health-care, with 6,690 individuals, and (2) original interviews and focus groups conducted in 2014 with 121 respondents, including indigenous healers, biomedical staff, and health-care users...
February 14, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451948/duration-of-maternal-mental-health-related-outcomes-after-an-infant-s-death-a-retrospective-matched-cohort-study-using-linkable-administrative-data
#6
Elizabeth Wall-Wieler, Leslie L Roos, James Bolton
BACKGROUND: Mothers have increased mental illness such as anxiety and depression after the death of a child. We examine the duration of this worsening of mental health. METHODS: The mental health of all mothers who experience the death of an infant (< 1 years old) in Manitoba, Canada between April 1, 1999 and March 31, 2011 (n = 534) is examined in the 4 years leading up to, and the 4 years following, the death of their child. Mental health-related outcomes of these mothers are compared with a matched (3:1) cohort of mothers who did not experience the death of a child (n = 1,602)...
February 16, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451943/dual-diagnosis-and-total-hip-arthroplasty
#7
Mitchell R Klement, Brian T Nickel, Abiram Bala, Colin T Penrose, Cynthia L Green, Samuel S Wellman, Michael P Bolognesi, Thorsten M Seyler
The co-occurrence of a mental illness and a substance abuse disorder (SUD) is common and has been referred to as a "dual diagnosis" (DD). Although studies have independently investigated mental illness alone and SUD alone, few have examined the effects of these entities combined on complications. A search of the Medicare database from 2005 to 2012 identified 2000 DD patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty (THA). They were compared with 86,976 patients with mental illness only and 590,689 controls (no mental illness or SUD)...
February 16, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451672/predictors-of-persistent-prescription-opioid-analgesic-use-among-people-without-cancer-in-australia
#8
Samanta Lalic, Natasa Gisev, J Simon Bell, Maarit Jaana Korhonen, Jenni Ilomäki
AIMS: To identify patterns of opioid analgesic use and determine predictors of persistent opioid use among people without cancer. METHODS: A population-based cohort study of Australians initiating prescription opioids from July 2013 to December 2015 was conducted using data from a random 10% sample of people who accessed medicines through Australia's Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme. A 12-month look-back period was used to define opioid initiation, exclude people with cancer, and determine comorbidities...
February 16, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450764/impact-of-well-being-interventions-for-siblings-of-children-and-young-people-with-a-chronic-physical-or-mental-health-condition-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Mhairi McKenzie Smith, Snehal Pinto Pereira, Lynette Chan, Charlotte Rose, Roz Shafran
Siblings of children and young people with a chronic illness are at increased risk of poor psychological functioning. A number of studies have attempted to implement and evaluate interventions targeting the psychological well-being of this at-risk group. This systematic review summarises the evidence regarding psychological functioning of siblings following an intervention targeting their well-being. The meta-analysis considered behaviour and knowledge, two of the most frequently studied outcomes. The following databases were used: PsycINFO, EMBASE, CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450244/characteristics-of-adherence-to-methadone-maintenance-treatment-over-a-15-year-period-among-homeless-adults-experiencing-mental-illness
#10
Milad Parpouchi, Akm Moniruzzaman, Stefanie N Rezansoff, Angela Russolillo, Julian M Somers
Background: Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) has important protective effects related to reduced illicit opioid use, infectious disease transmission, and overdose mortality. Adherence to MMT has not been examined among homeless people. We measured MMT adherence and reported relevant characteristics among homeless adults experiencing mental illness in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Material and methods: Homeless adults living with mental illness who had received MMT prior to the baseline interview of the Vancouver At Home study ( n = 78) were included in analyses...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449295/management-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness-an-online-cross-sectional-survey-of-healthcare-professionals
#11
Hayley McBain, Frederique Lamontagne-Godwin, Mark Haddad, Alan Simpson, Jacqui Chapman, Julia Jones, Chris Flood, Kathleen Mulligan
OBJECTIVES: To establish healthcare professionals' (HCPs) views about clinical roles, and the barriers and enablers to delivery of diabetes care for people with severe mental illness (SMI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional, postal and online survey. SETTING: Trusts within the National Health Service, mental health and diabetes charities, and professional bodies. PARTICIPANTS: HCPs who care for people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and/or SMI in the UK...
February 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448873/comparison-of-self-reported-and-behavioral-pain-assessment-tools-in-critically-ill-patients
#12
Rima H Bouajram, Christian M Sebat, Dawn Love, Erin L Louie, Machelle D Wilson, Jeremiah J Duby
BACKGROUND: Self-reported and behavioral pain assessment scales are often used interchangeably in critically ill patients due to fluctuations in mental status. The correlation between scales is not well elucidated. The purpose of this study was to describe the correlation between self-reported and behavioral pain scores in critically ill patients. METHODS: Pain was assessed using behavioral and self-reported pain assessment tools. Behavioral pain tools included Critical Care Pain Observation Tool (CPOT) and Behavioral Pain Scale (BPS)...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447405/the-representation-of-vulnerable-populations-in-quality-improvement-studies
#13
Asaph Rolnitsky, Maksim Kirtsman, Hanna R Goldberg, Michael Dunn, Chaim M Bell
Purpose: A mapping review to quantify representation of vulnerable populations, who suffer from disparity and often inequitable healthcare, in quality improvement (QI) research. Data sources: Studies published in 2004-2014 inclusive from Medline, Embase and Cochrane databases for English language research with the terms 'quality improvement' or 'quality control' or 'QI' and 'plan-do-study-act' or 'PDSA' in the years 2004-2014 inclusively. Study selection: Published clinical research that was a QI-themed, as identified by its declared search terms, MESH terms, abstract or title...
February 13, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447044/improving-the-health-of-mental-health-staff-through-exercise-interventions-a-systematic-review
#14
Hamish Fibbins, Philip B Ward, Andrew Watkins, Jackie Curtis, Simon Rosenbaum
BACKGROUND: Exercise interventions are efficacious in reducing cardiometabolic risk and improving symptoms in people with severe mental illness, yet evidence guiding the implementation and scalability of such efforts is lacking. Given increasing efforts to address the disparity in physical health outcomes facing people with a mental illness, novel approaches to increasing adoption of effective interventions are required. Exercise interventions targeting mental health staff may improve staff health while also creating more positive attitudes towards the role of lifestyle interventions for people experiencing mental illness...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446993/pre-icu-cognitive-status-subsequent-disability-and-new-nursing-home-admission-among-critically-ill-older-adults
#15
Lauren E Ferrante, Terrence E Murphy, Evelyne A Gahbauer, Linda S Leo-Summers, Margaret A Pisani, Thomas M Gill
RATIONALE: Cognitive impairment is common among older adults, yet little is known about the association of pre-ICU cognitive status with outcomes relevant to older adults maintaining independence after a critical illness. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether pre-ICU cognitive status is associated with post-ICU disability, new nursing home admission, and mortality following a critical illness among older adults. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, 754 persons aged ≥70 years were followed from March 1998 to December 2013 with monthly assessments of disability...
February 15, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446657/health-risks-among-people-with-severe-mental-illness-in-psychiatric-outpatient-settings
#16
Marjut Blomqvist, Andreas Ivarsson, Ing-Marie Carlsson, Anna Sandgren, Henrika Jormfeldt
Life expectancy is greatly reduced in patients with schizophrenia, and cardiovascular diseases are a leading cause of mortality. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and to investigate the relationships between self-rated health, sense of coherence, CVD risk, and body mass index (BMI) among people with severe mental illness (SMI) in psychiatric outpatient settings. Nearly 50% of the participants were exposed to moderate/high risk of CVD and over 50% were obese...
February 15, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446518/interwoven-histories-mental-health-nurses-with-experience-of-mental-illness-qualitative-findings-from-a-mixed-methods-study
#17
Jennifer Oates, Nicholas Drey, Julia Jones
The effects of mental health nurses' own experience of mental illness or being a carer have rarely been researched beyond the workplace setting. This study aimed to explore how the experience of mental illness affects mental health nurses' lives outside of and inside work. A sample of 26 mental health nurses with personal experience of mental illness took part in semistructured interviews. Data were analysed thematically using a six-phase approach. The analysis revealed the broad context of nurses' experiences of mental illness according to three interwoven themes: mental illness as part of family life; experience of accessing services; and life interwoven with mental illness...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446509/recovery-without-autonomy-progress-forward-or-more-of-the-same-for-mental-health-service-users
#18
Louise Byrne, Stephanie Schoeppe, Julie Bradshaw
In Western nations, the Recovery approach has become a widely accepted philosophy and treatment concept in mental health. Yet, community understanding of the Recovery approach remains largely unexplored. This study aimed to investigate (i) people's awareness of the principles underpinning the Recovery approach in mental health, and (ii) the treatment approaches people consider most important, and whether these align with the Recovery approach. To achieve these aims, a random sample of 1217 Australian adults participated in the National Social Survey (QSS) via telephone interview...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446335/implementing-illness-management-and-recovery-within-assertive-community-treatment-a-pilot-trial-of-feasibility-and-effectiveness
#19
Maria Monroe-DeVita, Gary Morse, Kim T Mueser, Gregory J McHugo, Haiyi Xie, Kevin A Hallgren, Roselyn Peterson, Joris Miller, Christopher Akiba, Mary York, Susan Gingerich, Bryan Stiles
OBJECTIVE: In a pilot feasibility and effectiveness study, illness management and recovery (IMR), a curriculum-based program to help people with serious mental illness pursue personal recovery goals, was integrated into assertive community treatment (ACT) to improve participants' recovery and functioning. METHODS: A small-scale cluster randomized controlled design was used to test implementation of IMR within ACT teams in two states. Eight high-fidelity ACT teams were assigned to provide IMR (ACT+IMR; four teams) or standard ACT services (ACT only; four teams)...
February 15, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446333/delays-in-seeking-general-medical-services-and-measurable-abnormalities-among-individuals-with-serious-mental-illness
#20
Stanislav Spivak, Bernadette A Cullen, William Eaton, Katie L Nugent, Katrina Rodriguez, Ramin Mojtabai
OBJECTIVE: The study explored the association of delays in seeking general medical care with elevated blood pressure and metabolic abnormalities among individuals with serious mental illness. METHODS: Association of delays in medical care with blood pressure, serum hemoglobin A1c (HbA1C), and lipids was assessed among patients at two inner-city community mental health centers. RESULTS: Of 271 participants, 62% reported delays in seeking general medical care due to attitudinal and financial barriers...
February 15, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
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