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Mental Illness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822681/firearm-storage-practices-in-households-of-adolescents-with-and-without-mental-illness
#1
Joseph A Simonetti, Mary Kay Theis, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Evette J Ludman, David C Grossman
PURPOSE: Safe firearm storage practices are associated with a lower risk of self-inflicted injury and death. Whether such practices and relevant beliefs differ between households of adolescents with and without mental illness is unknown. METHODS: We used survey and administrative data to perform a two-stage cross-sectional study of parents/guardians of adolescents who were 11-17 years, enrolled in a managed care plan in 2004 and living in a household with a firearm...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821287/physical-activity-and-quality-of-life-in-long-term-hospitalized-patients-with-severe-mental-illness-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Jeroen Deenik, Frank Kruisdijk, Diederik Tenback, Annemarie Braakman-Jansen, Erik Taal, Marijke Hopman-Rock, Aartjan Beekman, Erwin Tak, Ingrid Hendriksen, Peter van Harten
BACKGROUND: Increasing physical activity in patients with severe mental illness is believed to have positive effects on physical health, psychiatric symptoms and as well quality of life. Till now, little is known about the relationship between physical activity and quality of life in long-term hospitalized patients with severe mental illness and knowledge of the determinants of behavioural change is lacking. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the relationship between objectively measured physical activity and quality of life, and explore modifiable psychological determinants of change in physical activity in long-term hospitalized patients with severe mental illness...
August 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819876/measuring-recurring-stigma-in-the-lives-of-individuals-with-mental-illness
#3
Jerel M Ezell, Chien-Wen Jean Choi, Melanie M Wall, Bruce G Link
We present an exploratory factor analysis of the 8-item Daily Indignities of Mental Illness (DIMI) scale, created to measure the detection and perceptions of recurring stigma among individuals with recent psychiatric hospitalizations. Structured in-person interviews were conducted with individuals with recent psychiatric hospitalizations in metropolitan New York. The 8-item DIMI scale's internal consistency for the sample (n = 65), measured by Cronbach's alpha, was 0.869. Statistically significantly higher DIMI scale scores were observed among individuals with more than 2 psychotic episodes and those reporting seeing relatives less often after hospitalization...
August 17, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819746/the-effects-of-resistance-exercise-training-on-anxiety-a-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#4
REVIEW
Brett R Gordon, Cillian P McDowell, Mark Lyons, Matthew P Herring
BACKGROUND: The salutary effects of resistance exercise training (RET) are well established, including increased strength and function; however, less is known regarding the effects of RET on mental health outcomes. Aerobic exercise has well-documented positive effects on anxiety, but a quantitative synthesis of RET effects on anxiety is needed. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the population effect size for resistance exercise training (RET) effects on anxiety and to determine whether variables of logical, theoretical, and/or prior empirical relation to anxiety moderate the overall effect...
August 17, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819065/effects-of-the-fort-mcmurray-wildfires-on-the-health-of-evacuated-workers-follow-up-of-2-cohorts
#5
Nicola Cherry, Whitney Haynes
BACKGROUND: Wildfire engulfed Fort McMurray, Alberta on May 3, 2016, leading to a total evacuation. Access to 2 active cohorts allowed us to rapidly assess health effects in those evacuated. METHODS: People working in Fort McMurray who had been recruited before the fire for 2 occupational health cohort studies completed a questionnaire (online or via telephone) 3-26 weeks after evacuation. The questionnaire asked about respiratory and mental health and experiences since the fire...
August 15, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818773/adversity-driven-changes-in-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-functioning-during-adolescence-the-trails-study
#6
Odilia M Laceulle, Esther Nederhof, Marcel A G van Aken, Johan Ormel
The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis has been proposed to be a key mechanism underlying the link between adversity and mental health, but longitudinal studies on adversity and HPA-axis functioning are scarce. Here, we studied adversity-driven changes in HPA-axis functioning during adolescence (N=141). HPA-axis functioning (basal cortisol, cortisol awakening response, anticipation of, reaction to and recovery after a stress task) was measured twice, at age 16 and 19. Adversity (i.e., social defeat and loss/illness) since age 16 was measured extensively with the Life Stress Interview at age 19...
August 4, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818160/determination-of-mean-glycated-haemoglobin-in-healthy-adults-of-a-local-population
#7
Sumbal Nida, Dilshad Ahmed Khan, Aamir Ijaz, Muhammad Qaiser Alam Khan, Hira Aleef, Maria Abbasi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the mean hemoglobin HbA1C levels of disease-free adults in a local population and its optimum cutoff for the diagnosis of diabetes. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Chemical Pathology and Endocrinology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Rawalpindi, from January to September 2015. METHODOLOGY: Healthy subjects aged 18 years and above of either gender were recruited from local population...
July 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817992/acknowledging-mental-illness-in-psychiatrists
#8
Seamus Mac Suibhne, Aoife Ni Chorcorain, James V Lucey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817944/tracking-brain-development-and-dimensional-psychiatric-symptoms-in-children-a-longitudinal-population-based-neuroimaging-study
#9
Ryan L Muetzel, Laura M E Blanken, Jan van der Ende, Hanan El Marroun, Philip Shaw, Gustavo Sudre, Aad van der Lugt, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Frank C Verhulst, Henning Tiemeier, Tonya White
OBJECTIVE: Psychiatric symptomatology during childhood predicts persistent mental illness later in life. While neuroimaging methodologies are routinely applied cross-sectionally to the study of child and adolescent psychopathology, the nature of the relationship between childhood symptoms and the underlying neurodevelopmental processes remains unclear. The authors used a prospective population-based cohort to delineate the longitudinal relationship between childhood psychiatric problems and brain development...
August 18, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816212/scrub-typhus-a-prospective-observational-study-during-an-outbreak-in-rajasthan-india
#10
Rajendra Prasad Takhar, Moti Lal Bunkar, Savita Arya, Nitin Mirdha, Arif Mohd
BACKGROUND: Scrub typhus, a potentially fatal rickettsial infection, is common in India. It usually presents with acute febrile illness along with multi-organ involvement caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi. As there was an outbreak of scrub typhus in the Hadoti region of Rajasthan and there is a paucity of data from this region, we studied this entity to describe the diverse epidemiological, clinico-radiological, laboratory parameters and outcome profile of patients with scrub typhus in a tertiary care hospital...
March 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816090/hypoglycemic-episodes-in-cats-with-diabetes-mellitus-30-cases-2013-2015
#11
Kayla A Viebrock, Jeff Dennis
Objectives The purpose of this study was to review the characteristics of diabetic cats presenting to a specialty and emergency center for signs attributed to hypoglycemia and to identify the factors that may have contributed to the hypoglycemic episode, the patient's clinical signs and laboratory findings, and the response of hypoglycemic cats to therapy. Methods Twenty-eight cats were presented a total of 30 times for symptomatic hypoglycemia. Data were collected from cat owners at the time of presentation and from subsequent patient records...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815911/rural-health-service-managers-perspectives-on-preparing-rural-health-services-for-climate-change
#12
Rachael Purcell, Joe McGirr
OBJECTIVE: To determine health service managers' (HSMs) recommendations on strengthening the health service response to climate change. DESIGN: Self-administered survey in paper or electronic format. SETTING: Rural south-west of New South Wales. PARTICIPANTS: Health service managers working in rural remote metropolitan areas 3-7. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Proportion of respondents identifying preferred strategies for preparation of rural health services for climate change...
August 17, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815394/shared-dysregulation-of-homeostatic-brain-body-pathways-in-depression-and-type-2-diabetes
#13
REVIEW
Claire J Hoogendoorn, Juan F Roy, Jeffrey S Gonzalez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of shared dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) and brain-gut-microbiome (BGM) axes associated with depression and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Clinical implications and future research are also discussed. RECENT FINDINGS: Both depression and T2D are associated with dysregulation of the HPA and BGM axes. These pathways regulate immune function, glucose metabolism, and sleep, which are altered in both illnesses...
August 16, 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814874/la-belle-indiff%C3%A3-rence-revisited-a-case-report-on-progressive-supranuclear-palsy-misdiagnosed-as-conversion-disorder
#14
Petra J van Meerkerk-Aanen, Lars de Vroege, David Khasho, Aziza Foruz, J Thies van Asseldonk, Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis
BACKGROUND: Since the advent of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging scans, neurological disorders have less often been falsely labeled as conversion disorder (CD). However, misdiagnosis of a neurological disorder as CD still occurs, especially in cases with insidious onset. Misinterpretation of la belle indifférence may contribute to such misdiagnosis. Here, we describe a case of progressive supranuclear palsy/Richardson's syndrome (PSPS) misdiagnosed as a case of CD. CASE: A 62-year-old woman consulted two different neurologists in 2012 because of falling spells since 2009 and was diagnosed with CD...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814311/social-inequalities-in-the-utilization-of-outpatient-psychotherapy-analyses-of-registry-data-from-german-statutory-health-insurance
#15
Jelena Epping, Denise Muschik, Siegfried Geyer
BACKGROUND: Most studies on health disparities deal with the occurrence of disease, but little is known about inequalities in the utilization of mental health services. This paper examines social inequalities in the utilization of outpatient psychotherapy within a health care system where there are low financial barriers to health care and a lack of specific health policies to address access to psychotherapeutic services. METHODS: Registry data of German statutory health insurance for the year 2013 were used (total population: N = 746,963; 10,711 women and men with psychotherapy)...
August 16, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814100/suicidal-behaviour-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-self-reported-chronic-illness
#16
Mark A Ferro, Anne E Rhodes, Melissa Kimber, Laura Duncan, Michael H Boyle, Katholiki Georgiades, Andrea Gonzalez, Harriet L MacMillan
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to estimate the: (1) 12-mo prevalence of suicidal thoughts, plans, and attempts in a population sample of adolescents and young adults with and without chronic illness; (2) associations among chronic illness and suicidal thoughts and behaviour (STB); and, (3) moderating roles of mood and substance use disorder on this association. METHOD: Individuals were aged 15 to 30 y ( n = 5,248) from the Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813299/stress-and-wellbeing-during-chronic-illness-and-partner-death-in-later-life-the-role-of-social-support
#17
REVIEW
Gery C Karantzas, Omri Gillath
Chronic illness and the death of a romantic partner are two of the most significant stressors reported by older adults, resulting in various physical and mental health consequences. Evidence suggests that social support is a key factor in understanding the association between chronic illness and widowhood and the wellbeing of older adults. Nevertheless, research into social support is often approached in an atheoretical manner when investigating these stressors in older adulthood. We attempt to address this theoretical chasm by proposing an integrative model to explain social support processes in older couples which draws on models of social support and attachment theory...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813113/impact-of-inequalities-in-health-care-on-the-mortality-risk-of-individuals-with-severe-mental-illnesses
#18
EDITORIAL
Elisa Brietzke, Rodrigo B Mansur, Roger S McIntyre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812500/football-charity-trains-to-tackle-mental-ill-health
#19
Chris Longhurst
A mental health nurse is helping volunteers for a football club's charity learn how to tackle mental ill health.
August 16, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812282/implementation-of-an-integrated-care-learning-experience-within-the-psychiatry-clerkship-nutrition-education-of-patients-with-serious-mental-illness
#20
Shinnyi Chou, Dana Raml, Ryan Hafner, Bill Baerentzen, Sharon Hammer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
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