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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684770/affiliate-stigma-and-its-association-with-quality-of-life-among-caregivers-of-relatives-with-mental-illness-in-singapore
#1
Yunjue Zhang, Mythily Subramaniam, Siau Pheng Lee, Edimansyah Abdin, Vathsala Sagayadevan, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Sherilyn Chang, Saleha Binte Shafie, Restria Fauziana, Binte Abdul Rahman, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong
Affiliated stigma often refers to internalized stigma among family members of stigmatized individuals. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between affiliate stigma and quality of life (QOL) among primary caregivers of individuals with mental illness undergoing treatment at the Institute of Mental Health, Singapore. Three hundred and fifty caregivers were recruited for the study. The World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire (WHOQOL-BREF) and Family Stigma Scale (FSS) were administered to the primary caregivers of patients with mental illness...
April 13, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684457/%C3%A2-%C2%BA4-gaba-a-receptors-of-hippocampal-pyramidal-neurons-are-associated-with-resilience-against-activity-based-anorexia-for-adolescent-female-mice-but-not-for-males
#2
Yi-Wen Chen, Hannah Actor-Engel, Chiye Aoki
Activity-based anorexia (ABA) is an animal model of anorexia nervosa, a mental illness with highest mortality and with onset that is most frequently during adolescence. We questioned whether vulnerability of adolescent mice to ABA differs between sexes and whether individual differences in resilience are causally linked to alpha4betadelta-GABAA R expression. C57BL6/J WT and α4-KO adolescent male and female mice underwent ABA induction by combining wheel access with food restriction. ABA vulnerability was measured as the extent of food restriction-evoked hyperactivity on a running wheel and body weight losses...
April 20, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683474/antidepressants-for-the-treatment-of-depression-in-people-with-cancer
#3
REVIEW
Giovanni Ostuzzi, Faith Matcham, Sarah Dauchy, Corrado Barbui, Matthew Hotopf
BACKGROUND: Major depression and other depressive conditions are common in people with cancer. These conditions are not easily detectable in clinical practice, due to the overlap between medical and psychiatric symptoms, as described by diagnostic manuals such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) and International Classification of Diseases (ICD). Moreover, it is particularly challenging to distinguish between pathological and normal reactions to such a severe illness...
April 23, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683382/public-health-system-delivered-mental-health-preventive-care-links-to-significant-reduction-of-health-care-costs
#4
Jie Chen, Priscilla Novak, Howard Goldman
The objective was to estimate the association between health care expenditures and implementation of preventive mental health programs by local health departments (LHDs). Multilevel nationally representative data sets were linked to test the hypothesis that LHDs' provision of preventive mental health programs was associated with cost savings. A generalized linear model with log link and gamma distribution and state-fixed effects was used to estimate the association between LHDs' mental illness prevention services and total health care expenditures per person per year for adults aged 18 years and older...
April 23, 2018: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683063/men-on-losing-a-male-to-suicide-a-gender-analysis
#5
John L Oliffe, Alex Broom, Mary T Kelly, Joan L Bottorff, Genevieve M Creighton, Olivier Ferlatte
Although male suicide has received research attention, the gendered experiences of men bereaved by male suicide are poorly understood. Addressing this knowledge gap, we share findings drawn from a photovoice study of Canadian-based men who had lost a male friend, partner, or family member to suicide. Two categories depicting the men's overall account of the suicide were inductively derived: (a) unforeseen suicide and (b) rationalized suicide. The "unforeseen suicides" referred to deaths that occurred without warning wherein participants spoke to tensions between having no idea that the deceased was at risk while reflecting on what they might have done to prevent the suicide...
April 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683021/family-focused-practice-for-families-affected-by-maternal-mental-illness-and-substance-misuse-in-home-visiting-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#6
Rachel A Leonard, Mark Linden, Anne Grant
Maternal mental illness is a major public health issue and can adversely affect the whole family. Increasingly, research and policy are recognizing the benefits of a family-focused approach to practice, an approach that emphasizes the family as the unit of care. This review was conducted with the aim of systematically analyzing the qualitative literature surrounding health visitors' family-focused practice with mothers who have mental illness and/or substance misuse. Through the synthesis, we developed three main findings: (a) parents' needs regarding health visitors' family-focused practice, (b) the ambiguity of mental illness in health visiting, and (c) the challenges of family-focused practice in health visiting...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Family Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681958/personal-resources-and-satisfaction-with-life-in-marfan-syndrome-patients-with-aortic-pathology-and-in-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-patients
#7
Michał-Goran Stanišić, Teresa Rzepa, Alicja Gawrońska, Przemysław Kubaszewski, Maciej Putowski, Sebastian Stefaniak, Bartłomiej Perek
Introduction: Whether or not the source of aortic pathology is Marfan syndrome (MFS) or other processes leading to development of abdominal aorta aneurysms (AAA), the awareness of pathology may lead to an emotional upset and low assessment of satisfaction with life. Aim: To assess, in regard to MFS patients with aortic pathology and to abdominal aortic aneurysm patients: 1) whether or not self-efficacy (SE) and health locus of control (HLoC) affect the patients' satisfaction with life; 2) whether the two groups of patients differ in terms of mental dispositions...
March 2018: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681551/-he-must-die-or-go-mad-in-this-place-prisoners-insanity-and-the-pentonville-model-prison-experiment-1842-52
#8
Catherine Cox, Hilary Marland
The relationship between prisons and mental illness has preoccupied prison administrators, physicians, and reformers from the establishment of the modern prison service in the nineteenth century to the current day. Here we take the case of Pentonville Model Prison, established in 1842 with the aim of reforming convicts through religious exhortation, rigorous discipline and training, and the imposition of separate confinement in its most extreme form. Our article demonstrates how following the introduction of separate confinement, the prison chaplains rather than the medical officers took a lead role in managing the minds of convicts...
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680807/fiction-reading-for-good-or-ill-eating-disorders-interpretation-and-the-case-for-creative-bibliotherapy-research
#9
Emily T Troscianko
Compared with self-help bibliotherapy, little is known about the efficacy of creative bibliotherapy or the mechanisms of its possible efficacy for eating disorders or any other mental health condition. It is clear, however, that fiction is widely used informally as a therapeutic or antitherapeutic tool and that it has considerable potential in both directions, with a possibly significant distinction between the effects of reading fiction about eating disorders (which may-contrary to theoretical predictions-be broadly negative in effect) or one's preferred genre of other fiction (which may be broadly positive)...
April 21, 2018: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680774/targeting-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-hormones-and-sex-steroids-for-improving-cognition-in-major-mood-disorders-and-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis
#10
REVIEW
Virginia Soria, Alexandre González-Rodríguez, Elena Huerta-Ramos, Judith Usall, Jesús Cobo, Miquel Bioque, Juan David Barbero, Clemente García-Rizo, Meritxell Tost, José Antonio Monreal, Javier Labad
Cognitive deficits are a core feature of serious mental illnesses such as schizophrenia, major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD) and are a common cause of functional disability. There is limited efficacy of pharmacological interventions for improving the cognitive deficits in these disorders. As pro-cognitive pharmacological treatments are lacking, hormones or drugs that target the endocrine system may become potential candidates for 'repurposing' trials aiming to improve cognition. We aimed to study whether treatment with drugs targeting the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and sex steroids can improve cognition in patients with schizophrenia, MDD or BD...
April 14, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680512/involuntary-psychiatric-hospitalization-and-its-relationship-to-psychopathology-and-aggression
#11
Pedro Henrique Canova Mosele, Guillierme Chervenski Figueira, Amadeu Antônio Bertuol Filho, José Antônio Reis Ferreira de Lima, Vitor Crestani Calegaro
The current study investigates the relationship between involuntary hospitalization, severity of psychopathology, and aggression. Adult psychiatric inpatients hospitalized from August, 2012 to January, 2013 were evaluated via the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) and the Overt Aggression Scale (OAS). Individuals were compared regarding voluntariness of hospitalization. Of the 137 hospitalizations in the period, 71 were involuntary (INV). The variables associated with involuntariness were being brought to hospital by ambulance or police, and aggression in the first 24 h of admission...
April 12, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680329/dual-diagnosis-of-mental-illness-and-substance-use-disorder-and-injury-in-adults-recently-released-from-prison-a-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Jesse T Young, Ed Heffernan, Rohan Borschmann, James R P Ogloff, Matthew J Spittal, Fiona G Kouyoumdjian, David B Preen, Amanda Butler, Lisa Brophy, Julia Crilly, Stuart A Kinner
BACKGROUND: People with mental illness and substance use disorder are over-represented in prisons. Injury-related mortality is elevated in people released from prison, and both mental illness and substance use disorder are risk factors for injury. Effective care coordination during the transition between criminal justice and community service providers improves health outcomes for people released from prison. However, the health outcomes and support needs of people with dual diagnosis (co-occurring mental illness and substance use disorder) released from prison are poorly understood...
April 17, 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680318/using-a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-test-whether-modifications-to-contingency-management-improve-outcomes-for-heavy-drinkers-with-serious-mental-illness
#13
Oladunni Oluwoye, Jordan Skalisky, Ekaterina Burduli, Naomi S Chaytor, Sterling McPherson, Sean Murphy, Jalene Herron, Katherine Hirchak, Mason Burley, Richard K Ries, John M Roll, Michael G McDonell
BACKGROUND: In contingency management (CM), individuals receive rewards for alcohol abstinence. CM is associated with reduced alcohol use in adults with co-occurring serious mental illnesses (SMI). Pre-treatment urine ethyl glucuronide (uEtG) levels equivalent to daily heavy drinking (uEtG > 349 ng/mL) are associated with poor response to CM. Modifications to CM are needed to improve outcomes for non-responders. AIMS: To determine if pre-treatment heavy drinkers, defined by uEtG, with SMI achieve higher levels of alcohol abstinence when they receive an increased magnitude of reinforcement for abstinence (High-Magnitude CM) or reinforcers for reduced drinking, prior to receiving reinforcers for abstinence (Shaping CM), relative to those who receive typical low-magnitude abstinence based CM (Usual CM)...
April 19, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679793/self-stigma-in-ptsd-prevalence-and-correlates
#14
Kelsey A Bonfils, Paul H Lysaker, Philip T Yanos, Alysia Siegel, Bethany L Leonhardt, Alison V James, Beth Brustuen, Brandi Luedtke, Louanne W Davis
Self-stigma is the internalization of negative societal stereotypes about those with mental illnesses. While self-stigma has been carefully characterized in severe mental disorders, like schizophrenia, the field has yet to examine the prevalence and correlates of self-stigma in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Thus, we assessed self-stigma in veterans diagnosed with PTSD and compared with veterans with schizophrenia. We further examined associations between PTSD, depressive symptoms and self-stigma in the PTSD sample...
April 3, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679192/the-disclosure-of-celebrity-major-depressive-disorder-diagnoses-in-hong-kong-its-effects-on-public-awareness-and-understanding-toward-the-illness
#15
Vivienne S Y Leung
This paper aims to examine consumer perception toward celebrity diagnoses of major depressive disorder (MDD) in Hong Kong and to provide insights into the effect of various factors on the persuasive effectiveness of MDD communication. A total of thirty-five interviews were conducted in April 2015. Interviewees in general are aware of celebrity MDD diagnoses, but they do not deem MDD as a threat to themselves. Hence, they are not motivated to learn more about the symptoms. Responses to celebrity MDD diagnoses are mixed...
April 21, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679153/stigma-as-a-barrier-to-recognizing-personal-mental-illness-and-seeking-help-a-prospective-study-among-untreated-persons-with-mental-illness
#16
Georg Schomerus, Susanne Stolzenburg, Simone Freitag, Sven Speerforck, Deborah Janowitz, Sara Evans-Lacko, Holger Muehlan, Silke Schmidt
It is unclear to what extent failure to recognize symptoms as potential sign of a mental illness is impeding service use, and how stigmatizing attitudes interfere with this process. In a prospective study, we followed a community sample of 188 currently untreated persons with mental illness (predominantly depression) over 6 months. We examined how lack of knowledge, prejudice and discrimination impacted on self-identification as having a mental illness, perceived need, intention to seek help, and help-seeking, both with respect to primary care (visiting a general practitioner, GP) and specialist care (seeing a mental health professional, MHP)...
April 20, 2018: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678276/a-feasibility-study-of-a-physiotherapy-led-motivational-programme-to-increase-physical-activity-and-improve-cardiometabolic-risk-in-people-with-major-mental-illness
#17
Alice Waugh, Niall Crumlish, Eric Kelleher, Cuisle Forde, Julie Broderick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678118/the-relationship-between-pulmonary-function-and-suicidal-ideation-in-korean-adults-a-nationwide-survey
#18
Min-Seok Seo, In Cheol Hwang, Jae-Yong Shim, Hong Yup Ahn, Sewan Kim
Controversy surrounds the association between lung function and mental health in the general population, and previous reported results were confounded by the effect of other chronic illnesses. This study aimed to investigate whether reduced lung function was related to mental health issues, taking into consideration the relevant potential confounders. We used data from the 2008-2013 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to examine the relationship between lung function and three mental issues (recognized stress, depressive mood, and suicidal ideation) among 22,068 Korean adults...
April 20, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677141/thematic-analysis-of-medical-notes-offers-preliminary-insight-into-precipitants-for-asian-suicide-attempters-an-exploratory-study
#19
Carol C Choo, Roger C Ho, André A D Burton
One important dynamic risk factor for suicide assessment includes suicide precipitant. This exploratory study used a qualitative paradigm to look into the themes surrounding precipitants for suicide attempts in Singapore. Medical records related to suicide attempters who were admitted to the emergency department of a large teaching hospital in Singapore over a three year period were subjected to analysis. A total of 666 cases were examined (69.2% females; 63.8% Chinese, 15% Malays, 15.8% Indians), ages ranged from 10 years old to 85 years old (Mean = 29...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677034/functional-somatic-symptoms-across-cultures-perceptual-and-health-care-issues
#20
Bernd Löwe, Christian Gerloff
Functional neurological disorders are conceptualized as patterns of neurological symptoms that cannot be attributed to a clear organic etiology. The study by Wilkins et al. published in this issue of Psychosomatic Medicine, revealed that 8.2% of patients who were initially presented with suspected stroke were later diagnosed with functional disorders, i.e., "functional stroke mimics." However, the percentage of functional stroke mimics varied substantially with patients' nationality, age, and sex...
April 19, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
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