keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647407/external-validation-of-the-simple-null-please-clinical-score-in-predicting-outcome-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#1
Tatjana S Potpara, Miroslav Mihajlovic, Sanja Stankovic, Tanja Jozic, Irena Jozic, Milika R Asanin, Rajai Ahmad, Gregory Y H Lip
BACKGROUND: Rapid clinical decision-making on further management of patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest may be challenging. Recently, a 'futility' score (NULL-PLEASE) incorporating multiple adverse resuscitation features (Non-shockable rhythm, Unwitnessed arrest, Long no-flow or Long low-flow period, blood pH <7.2, Lactate >7.0 mmol/l, End-stage chronic kidney disease on dialysis, Age ≥85 years, Still resuscitation and Extra-cardiac cause) has been proposed to help identify out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients unlikely to survive; however, external independent score validation is lacking...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646688/solar-radiation-and-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-in-japan
#2
Daisuke Onozuka, Akihito Hagihara
BACKGROUND: Although several studies have estimated the effects of temperature on mortality and morbidity, little is known regarding the burden of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) attributable to solar radiation. METHODS: We obtained data for all cases of OHCA and meteorological data reported between 2011 and 2014 in 3 Japanese prefectures: Hokkaido, Ibaraki, and Fukuoka. We first examined the relationship between daily solar radiation and OHCA risk for each prefecture using time-varying distributed lag non-linear models and then pooled the results in a multivariate random-effects meta-analysis...
June 21, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646584/prehospital-advanced-cardiac-life-support-for-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-cohort-study
#3
Alexis Cournoyer, Eric Notebaert, Massimiliano Iseppon, Sylvie Cossette, Luc Londei-Leduc, Yoan Lamarche, Judy Morris, Éric Piette, Raoul Daoust, Jean-Marc Chauny, Catalina Sokoloff, Yiorgos Alexandros Cavayas, Jean Paquet, André Denault
OBJECTIVES: Out-of-hospital advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) has not consistently shown a positive impact on survival. Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (E-CPR) could render prolonged on-site resuscitation (ACLS or basic cardiac life support [BCLS]) undesirable in selected cases. The objectives of this study were to evaluate, in patients suffering from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and in a subgroup of potential E-CPR candidates, the association between the addition of prehospital ACLS to BCLS and survival to hospital discharge, prehospital return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) and delay from call to hospital arrival...
June 24, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645959/formal-consensus-to-identify-clinically-important-changes-in-management-resulting-from-the-use-of-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-cmr-in-patients-who-activate-the-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-ppci-pathway
#4
Maria Pufulete, Rachel C Brierley, Chiara Bucciarelli-Ducci, John P Greenwood, Stephen Dorman, Richard A Anderson, Jessica Harris, Elisa McAlindon, Chris A Rogers, Barnaby C Reeves
OBJECTIVE: To define important changes in management arising from the use of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in patients who activate the primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) pathway. DESIGN: Formal consensus study using literature review and cardiologist expert opinion to formulate consensus statements and setting up a consensus panel to review the statements (by completing a web-based survey, attending a face-to-face meeting to discuss survey results and modify the survey to reflect group discussion and completing the modified survey to determine which statements were in consensus)...
June 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643322/difficulties-in-funding-of-va-ecmo-therapy-for-patients-with-severe-accidental-hypothermia
#5
Sylweriusz Kosiński, Tomasz Darocha, Anna Jarosz, Aleksandra Czerw, Paweł Podsiadło, Tomasz Sanak, Robert Gałązkowski, Jacek Piątek, Janusz Konstanty-Kalandyk, Mirosław Ziętkiewicz, Krzysztof Kusza, Łukasz J Krzych, Rafał Drwiła
BACKGROUND: Severe accidental hypothermia is defined as a core temperature below 28 Celsius degrees. Within the last years, the issue of accidental hypothermia and accompanying cardiac arrest has been broadly discussed and European Resuscitation Council (ERC) Guidelines underline the importance of Extracorporeal Rewarming (ECR) in treatment of severely hypothermic victims. The study aimed to evaluate the actual costs of ECR with VA-ECMO and of further management in the Intensive Care Unit of patients admitted to the Severe Accidental Hypothermia Centre in Cracow, Poland...
2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641984/bi-objective-approach-for-placing-ground-and-air-ambulance-base-and-helipad-locations-in-order-to-optimize-ems-response
#6
Milad Shahriari, Ali Bozorgi-Amiri, Shayan Tavakoli, Abolghasem Yousefi-Babadi
Shortening the travel time of patient transfer has clinical implications for many conditions such as cardiac arrest, trauma, stroke and STEMI. As resources are often limited precise calculations are needed. In this paper we consider the location problem for both ground and aerial emergency medical services. Given the uncertainty of when patients are in need of prompt medical attention we consider these demand points to be uncertain. We consider various ways in which ground and helicopter ambulances can work together to make the whole process go faster...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639949/comet-assay-in-evaluating-deoxyribonucleic-acid-damage-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#7
Radka Hazuková, Martina Rezácová, Renata Köhlerová, Tomáš Tomek, Eva Cermáková, Jaromír Kocí, Miloslav Pleskot
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate whether out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) may induce severe DNA damage measured using comet assay in successfully resuscitated humans and to evaluate a short-term prognostic role. METHODS: In this prospective, controlled, blinded study (1/2013-1/2014), 41 patients (age, 63±14 years) successfully resuscitated from non traumatic OHCA and 10 healthy controls (age, 53±17 years) were enrolled. DNA damage [double-strand breaks (DSBs) and single-strand breaks (SSBs)] was measured using comet assay in peripheral lymphocytes sampled at admission...
June 22, 2017: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637497/influence-of-low-flow-time-on-survival-after-extracorporeal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-ecpr
#8
Tobias Wengenmayer, Stephan Rombach, Florian Ramshorn, Paul Biever, Christoph Bode, Daniel Duerschmied, Dawid L Staudacher
BACKGROUND: Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) support under extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (eCPR) is the last option and may be offered to selected patients. Several factors predict outcome in these patients, including initial heart rhythm, comorbidities, and bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). We evaluated outcomes of all VA-ECMO patients treated within the last 5 years at our center in respect to low-flow duration during CPR. METHODS: We report retrospective registry data on all patients with eCPR treated at a university hospital between October 2010 and May 2016...
June 22, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635305/factors-modifying-performance-of-a-novel-citizen-text-message-alert-system-in-improving-survival-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#9
Ruud Wm Pijls, Patty J Nelemans, Braim M Rahel, Anton Pm Gorgels
AIMS: Recently we found that the text message alert system increases survival of sudden out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. The aim of the present study is to explore the contribution of the system to survival specifically in resuscitation settings with prolonged delay of start of resuscitation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data were used from consecutive patients resuscitated for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest during a two-year period in the Dutch province Limburg. Survival of 291 cases with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest where one or more volunteers attended (Scenario 2) was compared with survival of 131 cases with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest where no volunteers attended and only standard care was given (Scenario 1)...
March 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630270/out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-an-underlying-reversible-cause
#10
Jimmy Robert, Clément Derkenne, Daniel Jost, Jean-Pierre Tourtier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629995/intraosseous-compared-to-intravenous-drug-resuscitation-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#11
Bryan A Feinstein, Benjamin A Stubbs, Tom Rea, Peter J Kudenchuk
AIMS: Although the intraosseous (IO) route is increasingly used for vascular access in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), little is known about its comparative effectiveness relative to intravenous (IV) access. We evaluated clinical outcomes following OHCA comparing drug administration via IO versus IV routes. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study evaluated Emergency Medical Services (EMS)-treated adults with atraumatic OHCA in a large metropolitan EMS system between 9/1/2012-12/31/2014...
June 16, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629472/protein-s100-as-outcome-predictor-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-and-targeted-temperature-management-at-33%C3%A2-%C3%A2-c-and-36%C3%A2-%C3%A2-c
#12
Pascal Stammet, Josef Dankiewicz, Niklas Nielsen, François Fays, Olivier Collignon, Christian Hassager, Michael Wanscher, Johan Undèn, Jorn Wetterslev, Tommaso Pellis, Anders Aneman, Jan Hovdenes, Matt P Wise, Georges Gilson, David Erlinge, Janneke Horn, Tobias Cronberg, Michael Kuiper, Jesper Kjaergaard, Yvan Gasche, Yvan Devaux, Hans Friberg
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the diagnostic performance of S100 as an outcome predictor after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and the potential influence of two target temperatures (33 °C and 36 °C) on serum levels of S100. METHODS: This is a substudy of the Target Temperature Management after Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest (TTM) trial. Serum levels of S100 were measured a posteriori in a core laboratory in samples collected at 24, 48, and 72 h after OHCA...
June 20, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624878/a-combination-of-three-repurposed-drugs-administered-at-reperfusion-as-a-promising-therapy-for-postischemic-brain-injury
#13
I-Chen Yu, Ping-Chang Kuo, Jui-Hung Yen, Hallel C Paraiso, Eric T Curfman, Benecia C Hong-Goka, Robert D Sweazey, Fen-Lei Chang
Cerebral ischemia leads to multifaceted injury to the brain. A polytherapeutic drug that can be administered immediately after reperfusion may increase protection to the brain by simultaneously targeting multiple deleterious cascades. This study evaluated efficacy of the combination of three clinically approved drugs: lamotrigine, minocycline, and lovastatin, using two mouse models: global and focal cerebral ischemia induced by transient occlusion of the common carotid arteries or the middle cerebral artery, respectively...
June 17, 2017: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624594/variability-in-the-initiation-of-resuscitation-attempts-by-emergency-medical-services-personnel-during-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#14
Steven C Brooks, Robert H Schmicker, Sheldon Cheskes, James Christenson, Alan Craig, Mohamud Daya, Peter J Kudenchuk, Graham Nichol, Dana Zive, Laurie J Morrison
BACKGROUND: Some patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) assessed by emergency medical services (EMS) do not receive attempts at resuscitation on the basis of perceived futility. AIMS: 1) To measure variability in the initiation of resuscitation attempts in EMS-assessed OHCA patients across EMS agencies, 2) to evaluate the association between selected EMS agency characteristics and the proportion of patients receiving resuscitation attempts, and 3) to evaluate the association between proportion receiving resuscitation attempts and survival...
June 14, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624593/double-sequential-defibrillation-therapy-for-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrests-the-london-experience
#15
Amber C Emmerson, Mark Whitbread, Rachael T Fothergill
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in treatment for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), a subgroup of patients remain in refractory ventricular fibrillation (RVF) during resuscitation. Recent evidence suggests that double sequential defibrillation (DSD), where two shocks are delivered to the patient in quick succession, may provide an effective therapy for RVF. This study describes the characteristics and survival outcomes of OHCA patients treated by ambulance clinicians using a local DSD protocol in an attempt to resolve RVF...
June 14, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617130/use-of-automated-external-defibrillators-saves-lives
#16
(no author information available yet)
Ambulance services in England attempt the resuscitation of almost 30,000 people who have experienced out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) each year. Outcomes can be much improved if automated external defibrillators (AEDs) are used immediately after cardiac arrest and before emergency services arrive on the scene.
June 15, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617118/not-enough-is-done-to-cut-risk-of-death-after-cardiac-arrest
#17
Christian Duffin
How much is being done to cut the number of people who die after cardiac arrests in public places? Not enough, says a group of cardiac experts and campaigners on the Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA) steering group.
June 15, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616642/-identification-of-common-locations-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrests-in-a%C3%A2-german-metropolis
#18
C Hanefeld, F Rosbund, A Kloppe, C Kloppe
BACKGROUND: Most patients who suffer a sudden cardiac arrest initially have a shockable rhythm. Fast defibrillation and correctly performed cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) are key factors for patient survival. These can be carried out by bystanders if an automated external defibrillator (AED) is available even in the absence of emergency services. AIM: The place and time of CPRs in a German city were investigated and the strategic placement of emergency medical services and AEDs necessary were evaluated...
June 14, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616641/-are-there-any-prognostic-predictors-for-extracorporeal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-ecpr-in-case-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#19
G Michels, H Thiele, S Kluge, R Pfister
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616160/cardiopulmonary-arrest-in-primary-care-clinics-more-holes-than-cheese-a-survey-of-the-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-primary-care-physicians-regarding-resuscitation
#20
Sharon Einav, Oren Wacht, Nechama Kaufman, Eliezer Alkalay
BACKGROUND: Patients experiencing pre-arrest symptoms may first refer to their primary care physician. The study's aim was to determine the likelihood that a patient undergoing out-of-hospital cardiac arrest will receive appropriate resuscitation efforts in a primary care clinic in a country with a directive that clinics maintain resuscitation equipment and physicians undergo periodic resuscitation training. METHODS: An anonymous, 23-question online cross-sectional survey was created and administered to primary care physicians working in community clinics (10/1/2015-5/3/2015)...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
keyword
keyword
44747
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"