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Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352670/poor-outcomes-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-at-dinnertime-in-the-elderly-diurnal-and-seasonal-variations
#1
Akira Yamashita, Tetsuo Maeda, Yasuhiro Myojo, Keisuke Ohta, Hideo Inaba
PURPOSE: To investigate differences in chronological variations in characteristics and outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs) between elderly and non-elderly patients. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed bystander-witnessed OHCAs without prehospital involvement of physicians between January 2007 and December 2014 in Japan. We considered the following time periods: night-time (23:00-5:59) and non-night-time; we further divided non-night-time into dinnertime (18:00-20:29) and other non-night-time...
January 8, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351897/transitions-between-circulatory-states-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-protocol-for-an-observational-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Halvor Langeland, Daniel Bergum, Magnus Løberg, Knut Bjørnstad, Jan Kristian Damås, Tom Eirik Mollnes, Nils-Kristian Skjærvold, Pål Klepstad
BACKGROUND: The post cardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS) is responsible for the majority of in-hospital deaths following cardiac arrest (CA). The major elements of PCAS are anoxic brain injury and circulatory failure. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of circulatory failure and inflammatory responses after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and to identify patterns of circulatory and inflammatory responses, which may predict circulatory deterioration in PCAS...
January 19, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351501/pediatric-anaphylaxis-in-the-prehospital-setting-incidence-characteristics-and-management
#3
Emily Andrew, Ziad Nehme, Stephen Bernard, Karen Smith
OBJECTIVE: Although hospital presentations for pediatric anaphylaxis have been described in the literature, a minimal amount is known regarding the incidence, characteristics, and management of pediatric anaphylaxis presenting to emergency medical services (EMS). METHODS: We performed a retrospective observational study of pediatrics (≤16 years) presenting to EMS in Victoria, Australia. Patients with suspected anaphylaxis were included if they were treated with epinephrine before or after EMS arrival...
January 19, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345516/association-between-weather-related-factors-and-cardiac-arrest-of-presumed-cardiac-etiology-a-prospective-observational-study-based-on-out-of-hospital-care-data
#4
Mario Hensel, Daniel Geppert, Jan F Kersten, Markus Stuhr, Jürgen Lorenz, Sebastian Wirtz, Thoralf Kerner
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the association between weather-related factors and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) of presumed cardiac etiology. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study performed in a prehospital setting. Data from the Emergency Medical Service in Hamburg (Germany) and data from the local weather station were evaluated over a 5-year period. Weather data (temperature, humidity, air pressure, wind speed) were obtained every minute and matched with the associated rescue mission data...
January 18, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345513/no-benefit-in-neurologic-outcomes-of-survivors-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-with-mechanical-compression-device
#5
Ryan Newberry, Ted Redman, Elliot Ross, Rachel Ely, Clayton Saidler, Allyson Arana, David Wampler, David Miramontes
INTRODUCTION: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a major cause of death and morbidity in the United States. Quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has proven to be a key factor in improving survival. The aim of our study was to investigate the outcomes of OHCA when mechanical CPR (LUCAS 2 Chest Compression System™) was utilized compared to conventional CPR. Although controlled trials have not demonstrated a survival benefit to the routine use of mechanical CPR devices, there continues to be an interest for their use in OHCA...
January 18, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341874/validation-of-an-icd-code-for-accurately-identifying-emergency-department-patients-who-suffer-an-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#6
Shelby K Shelton, Steve B Chukwulebe, David F Gaieski, Benjamin S Abella, Brendan G Carr, Sarah M Perman
AIM: International classification of disease (ICD-9) code 427.5 (cardiac arrest) is utilized to identify cohorts of patients who suffer out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), though the use of ICD codes for this purpose has never been formally validated. We sought to validate the utility of ICD-9 code 427.5 by identifying patients admitted from the emergency department (ED) after OHCA. METHODS: Adult visits to a single ED between January 2007 and July 2012 were retrospectively examined and a keyword search of the electronic medical record (EMR) was used to identify patients...
January 13, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337174/palliative-care-utilization-following-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-in-the-united-states
#7
Aiham Albaeni, Nisha Chandra-Strobos, Shaker M Eid
AIMS: Palliative care (PC) has become an integral component of comprehensive care provided to critically ill patients. Little is known about the utilization of palliative care following Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA) in the United States. METHODS: We used the 2002 to 2013 National Inpatient Sample database to identify adults ≥ 18 years old with an ICD-9-CM principal diagnosis code of cardio-respiratory arrest or ventricular fibrillation (VF). Patients were categorized into two groups based on the presence of PC, then compared using Pearson χ2 test for categorical variables and linear regression for continuous variables...
January 11, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337173/improving-bystander-defibrillation-for-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-capability-opportunity-and-motivation
#8
EDITORIAL
Christopher M Smith, Gavin D Perkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337172/organ-support-therapy-in-the-intensive-care-unit-and-return-to-work-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-survivors-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#9
Signe Riddersholm, Kristian Kragholm, Rikke Nørmark Mortensen, Steen Moller Hansen, Mads Wissenberg, Freddy K Lippert, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Christian F Christiansen, Bodil Steen Rasmussen
AIM: With increased survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), impact of the post-resuscitation course has become important. Among 30-day OHCA survivors, we investigated associations between organ support therapy in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and return to work. METHODS: This Danish nationwide cohort-study included 30-day-OHCA-survivors who were employed prior to arrest. We linked OHCA data to information on in-hospital care and return to work. For patients admitted to an ICU and based on renal replacement therapy (RRT), cardiovascular support and mechanical ventilation, we assessed the prognostic value of organ support therapies in multivariable Cox regression models...
January 11, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336239/early-prognosis-and-predictor-analysis-for-positive-coronary-angiography-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-ohca
#10
Julien Higny, Antoine Guédès, Jacques Jamart, Claude Hanet, Laurence Gabriel, Vincent Dangoisse, Christophe de Meester de Ravenstein, Erwin Schroeder
BACKGROUND: Key predictors of survival after OHCA have been described in the literature. Current guidelines recommend emergency angiography in patients without an obvious extra-cardiac cause of arrest. However, the value of this strategy is debated. Moreover, diagnosis of acute coronary ischaemia after OHCA remains challenging, especially in patients without ST-segment elevation. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to identify qualitative variables associated with an increased chance of 30-d survival after OHCA...
January 16, 2018: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331650/echocardiographic-patterns-of-postresuscitation-myocardial-dysfunction
#11
Kyoung-Chul Cha, Hyung Il Kim, Oh Hyun Kim, Yong Sung Cha, Hyun Kim, Kang Hyun Lee, Sung Oh Hwang
BACKGROUND: Postresuscitation myocardial dysfunction (PRMD) can develop after successful resuscitation from cardiac arrest. However, echocardiographic patterns of PRMD remain unknown. This study aimed to investigate PRMD manifestations with serial echocardiography during the post-cardiac arrest period. METHODS: We enrolled non-traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients older than 19 years who underwent successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). We excluded patients with myocardial infarction or pre-existing cardiac disease, including heart failure or myocardial disease...
January 11, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331055/the-challenges-and-possibilities-of-public-access-defibrillation
#12
REVIEW
Mattias Ringh, Jacob Hollenberg, Thea Palsgaard-Moeller, Leif Svensson, Mårten Rosenqvist, Freddy K Lippert, Mads Wissenberg, Carolina Malta Hansen, Andreas Claesson, Soren Viereck, Jolande A Zijlstra, Rudolph W Koster, Johan Herlitz, Marieke T Blom, Jo Kramer-Johansen, Hanno L Tan, Steffie Beesems, Michiel Hulleman, Theresa M Olasveengen, Fredrik Folke
Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA) is a major health problem that affects approximately four hundred thousand patients annually in the United States alone. It is a major challenge for the emergency medical system since decreased survival rates are directly proportional to the time delay from collapse to defibrillation. Historically, defibrillation has only been performed by physicians and in-hospital. With the development of automated external defibrillators (AEDs), rapid defibrillation by non-medical professionals and subsequently by trained or untrained lay bystanders has become possible...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326145/return-to-work-and-participation-in-society-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#13
Gisela Lilja, Niklas Nielsen, John Bro-Jeppesen, Hannah Dunford, Hans Friberg, Caisa Hofgren, Janneke Horn, Angelo Insorsi, Jesper Kjaergaard, Fredrik Nilsson, Paolo Pelosi, Tineke Winters, Matt P Wise, Tobias Cronberg
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to describe out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survivors' ability to participate in activities of everyday life and society, including return to work. The specific aim was to evaluate potential effects of cognitive impairment. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two hundred eighty-seven OHCA survivors included in the TTM trial (Target Temperature Management) and 119 matched control patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction participated in a follow-up 180 days post-event that included assessments of participation, return to work, emotional problems, and cognitive impairment...
January 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318626/trends-and-predictors-of-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-implantation-after-sudden-cardiac-arrest-insight-from-the-national-inpatient-sample
#14
Muhammad Bilal Munir, Fahad Alqahtani, Sami Aljohani, Ashwin Bhirud, Sujal Modi, Mohamad Alkhouli
BACKGROUND: Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) has a class IA indication in survivors of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) provided no reversible cause is identified. We sought to determine trends and predictors of ICD implant in SCA patients from a national sample of United States population. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data was gathered from National Inpatient Sample (NIS) from January 2003 to December 2014. All patients ≥ 18 years of age with a primary discharge diagnosis of SCA, ventricular fibrillation (VF), ventricular flutter, and ventricular tachycardia (VT) were included...
January 9, 2018: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317989/erythropoietin-therapy-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Rahul Chaudhary, Jalaj Garg, Parasuram Krishnamoorthy, Kevin Bliden, Neeraj Shah, Nayan Agarwal, Rahul Gupta, Abhishek Sharma, Karl B Kern, Nainesh C Patel, Paul Gurbel
AIM: To assess safety and efficacy of early erythropoietin (Epo) administration in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed using PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, EBSCO, CINAHL, Web of Science and Cochrane databases, of all studies published from the inception through October 10, 2016. Inclusion criteria included: (1) Adult humans with OHCA and successful sustained return of spontaneous circulation; and (2) studies including mortality/brain death, acute thrombotic events as their end points...
December 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317455/improving-temporal-trends-in-survival-and-neurological-outcomes-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#16
Jason E Buick, Ian R Drennan, Damon C Scales, Steven C Brooks, Adams Byers, Sheldon Cheskes, Katie N Dainty, Michael Feldman, P Richard Verbeek, Cathy Zhan, Alex Kiss, Laurie J Morrison, Steve Lin
BACKGROUND: Considerable effort has gone into improving outcomes from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Studies suggest that survival is improving; however, prior studies had insufficient data to pursue the relationship between markers of guideline compliance and temporal trends. The objective of the study was to evaluate trends in OHCA survival over an 8-year period that included the implementation of the 2005 and 2010 international cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) guidelines...
January 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317351/a-new-physiological-model-for-studying-the-effect-of-chest-compression-and-ventilation-during-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-the-thiel-cadaver
#17
Emmanuel Charbonney, Stéphane Delisle, Dominique Savary, Gilles Bronchti, Marceau Rigollot, Adrien Drouet, Bilal Badat, Paul Ouellet, Patrice Gosselin, Alain Mercat, Laurent Brochard, Jean-Christophe M Richard
BACKGROUND: Studying ventilation and intrathoracic pressure (ITP) induced by chest compressions (CC) during Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation is challenging and important aspects such as airway closure have been mostly ignored. We hypothesized that Thiel Embalmed Cadavers could constitute an appropriate model. METHODS: We assessed respiratory mechanics and ITP during CC in 11 cadavers, and we compared it to measurements obtained in 9 out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients and to predicted values from a bench model...
January 6, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317350/duration-of-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-patients-without-prehospital-return-of-spontaneous-circulation-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-results-from-a-severity-stratification-analysis
#18
Akira Funada, Yoshikazu Goto, Hayato Tada, Ryota Teramoto, Masaya Shimojima, Kenshi Hayashi, Masa-Aki Kawashiri, Masakazu Yamagishi
BACKGROUND: The relationship between duration of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and post-arrest outcomes based on severity stratification in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients without prehospital return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) remains unclear. METHODS: We analysed 420,959 adult patients without prehospital ROSC in the All-Japan OHCA registry for 4 years. Prehospital CPR duration was defined as the time from CPR initiation by emergency medical service (EMS) providers to hospital arrival...
January 6, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317152/predicting-long-term-outcomes-after-cardiac-arrest-by-using-serum-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin
#19
Yu-Ri Park, Joo Suk Oh, Hyunho Jeong, Jungtaek Park, Young Min Oh, Semin Choi, Kyoung Ho Choi
OBJECTIVES: Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is secreted by various tissues in pathologic states. Previous studies reported that post-cardiac arrest serum NGAL levels correlate with short-term neurologic outcomes and survival. The aim of this study was to examine the associations between NGAL levels post-cardiac arrest and long-term outcomes and survival. METHODS: This prospective observational study and retrospective review included adult out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survivors who were treated by hypothermia-targeted temperature management...
December 7, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315731/understanding-patients-and-spouses-experiences-of-patient-education-following-a-cardiac-event-and-eliciting-attitudes-and-preferences-towards-incorporating-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-a-qualitative-study
#20
Susie Cartledge, Susan Feldman, Janet E Bray, Dion Stub, Judith Finn
AIM: To gain a comprehensive perspective about the experience of patient and spousal education following an acute cardiac event. The second objective was to elicit an understanding of patient and spousal attitudes, preferences and intentions towards future cardiopulmonary resuscitation training. BACKGROUND: Patients with cardiovascular disease require comprehensive patient and family education to ensure adequate long-term disease management. As cardiac patients are at risk of future cardiac events, including out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, providing cardiopulmonary resuscitation training to patients and family members has long been advocated...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
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