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Sentinel node in gynecological cancers

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121779/image-guided-surgery-in-gynecologic-oncology
#1
Henri Azaïs, Geoffroy Canlorbe, Yohan Kerbage, Anne Grabarz, Pierre Collinet, Serge Mordon
Image-guided surgery is a relevant way to reduce surgical morbidity and maximize cytoreductive surgery approach especially in ovarian cancer. Sentinel lymph node detection is a promising approach to avoid radical lymph node dissection and is slightly becoming standard in daily practice in endometrial and cervical cancer surgery even if it needs to be evaluated more precisely. Regarding carcinomatosis of ovarian origin, detection and treatment of microscopic disease could be appropriate to avoid local recurrences...
November 10, 2017: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056441/use-of-a-novel-sentinel-lymph-node-mapping-algorithm-reduces-the-need-for-pelvic-lymphadenectomy-in-low-grade-endometrial-cancer
#2
Edward Tanner, Allison Puechl, Kimberly Levinson, Laura J Havrilesky, Abdulrahman Sinno, Angeles Alvarez Secord, Amanda N Fader, Paula S Lee
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the capability of a novel sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping algorithm to reduce the need for pelvic lymphadenectomy (PLND) in patients with low-grade (G1-2) endometrial cancer (LGEC). METHODS: Patients with LGEC underwent evaluation according to a novel lymphatic assessment algorithm during hysterectomy with SLN biopsy at two academic gynecologic oncology programs. Side-specific PLND was only performed if ipsilateral SLN mapping failed and high-risk uterine features were identified on frozen section (FS)...
October 19, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969759/sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-procedures
#3
REVIEW
Valeria M Moncayo, Adina L Alazraki, Naomi P Alazraki, John N Aarsvold
Accurate staging of many cancers with no clinical evidence of lymph node involvement is often a critical component of the management of such cancers and is generally and historically accomplished by accurate pathological assessment of multiple nodes. Unfortunately, such assessment usually involves excision of the multiple nodes and can result in significant morbidities. Over the past half century, and particularly over the last quarter century, investigators have defined and refined the "sentinel lymph node(s)" concept and have developed and investigated sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) procedures...
November 2017: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873443/application-of-carbon-nanoparticles-in-laparoscopic-sentinel-lymph-node-detection-in-patients-with-early-stage-cervical-cancer
#4
Yan Lu, Jin-Ying Wei, De-Sheng Yao, Zhong-Mian Pan, Yao Yao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of carbon nanoparticles in identifying sentinel lymph nodes in early-stage cervical cancer. METHODS: From January 2014 to January 2016, 40 patients with cervical cancer stage IA2-IIA, based on the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) 2009 criteria, were included in this study. The normal cervix around the tumor was injected with a total of 1 mL of carbon nanoparticles (CNP)at 3 and 9 o'clock. All patients then underwent laparoscopic pelvic lymph node dissection and radical hysterectomy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807805/laparoscopic-sentinel-node-mapping-in-cervical-and-endometrial-malignancies-a-case-control-study-comparing-two-near-infrared-fluorescence-systems
#5
Alessandro Buda, Giampaolo Di Martino, Elena De Ponti, Paolo Passoni, Federica Sina, Claudio Reato, Francesca Vecchione, Daniela Giuliani
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the intraoperative and perioperative surgical outcomes of 2 different florescence systems commonly used for sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping in women with early-stage cervical cancer or endometrial cancer. DESIGN: Case-control study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: The Gynecology Oncology Surgical Unit of the San Gerardo Hospital, Italy. PATIENTS: Thirty-four consecutive women with early stage-cervical cancer (stage IA-1B1) or apparent confined stage I endometrial cancer were included in the study...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763369/sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-in-the-management-of-vulvar-carcinoma-an-evidence-based-insight
#6
Mark R Brincat, Yves Muscat Baron
OBJECTIVE: Lymph node metastasis has been shown to represent the most significant prognostic factor in vulvar carcinoma. Because only 25% to 35% of patients with early stage disease have lymph node metastases, a significant 65% to 75% possibly do not benefit from elective inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy considering the related morbidities of wound infection, breakdown, and lower limb lymphedema. This review article aims to present and summarize the evidence available with regard to sentinel lymph node (SLN)-guided management of vulvar carcinoma...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718876/is-there-a-revision-needed-of-the-current-figo-staging-system
#7
Joseph Menczer
The FIGO staging system has undergone many modifications since it first appeared in about the middle of the previous century. Due to the use of modern diagnostic tools, namely computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, positron emission tomography, sentinel lymph node biopsy and neoadjuvant chemotherapy, certain gynecological cancer cases cannot be allocated to a specific stage if one wishes to adhere strictly to FIGO requirements. In these circumstances such cases actually remain unstaged. This should prompt appropriate modifications of the current FIGO staging system so that it fulfills its aims...
October 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629611/sentinel-lymph-node-mapping-in-minimally-invasive-surgery-role-of-imaging-with-color-segmented-fluorescence-csf
#8
Maite I Lopez Labrousse, Michael Frumovitz, M Guadalupe Patrono, Pedro T Ramirez
OBJECTIVE: Sentinel lymph node mapping, alone or in combination with pelvic lymphadenectomy, is considered a standard approach in staging of patients with cervical or endometrial cancer [1-3]. The goal of this video is to demonstrate the use of indocyanine green (ICG) and color-segmented fluorescence when performing lymphatic mapping in patients with gynecologic malignancies. METHODS: Injection of ICG is performed in two cervical sites using 1mL (0.5mL superficial and deep, respectively) at the 3 and 9 o'clock position...
September 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612483/laparoscopic-pelvic-lymph-node-dissection-for-malignant-foot-melanoma
#9
Sho Yamada, Masanori Kotake, Daiki Kakiuchi, Kengo Hayashi, Masahiro Hada, Yousuke Kato, Kaeko Oyama, Takuo Hara, Haruhisa Taizo
A 39 year-old woman with malignant foot melanoma underwent wide excision of the primary tumor with a safety margin and sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) for the right inguinal lymph node. SLNB was positive and a computed tomography (CT) scan revealed right iliac lymph node swelling. Positron emission tomography computed tomography (PET-CT) scan of the lymph nodes revealed abnormal uptake of fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG). We performed a laparoscopic pelvic lymph node obturator, iliac lymph node) dissection. During the operation, several black lymph nodes were observed in the iliac lymph node...
November 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604460/intention-to-treat-analysis-of-radical-trachelectomy-for-early-stage-cervical-cancer-with-special-reference-to-oncologic-failures-single-institutional-experience-in-hungary
#10
Robert Póka, Szabolcs Molnár, Péter Daragó, János Lukács, Rudolf Lampé, Zoárd Krasznai, Zoltán Hernádi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to evaluate clinical and pathological data in order to draw eligibility criteria for oncologically sufficient radical trachelectomy (RT) in early-stage cervical cancer. Reviewing all cases of attempted RT performed at our unit, we focused attention on prognostic indicators of the need for additional oncologic treatment following RT. The analysis was extended by extensive literature review to include previously published cases of oncologic failures. METHODS: The authors retrospectively analyzed data of patients who underwent RT at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Debrecen...
September 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599884/comparing-single-site-and-multiport-robotic-hysterectomy-with-sentinel-lymph-node-mapping-for-endometrial-cancer-surgical-outcomes-and-cost-analysis
#11
Lea A Moukarzel, Abdulrahman K Sinno, Amanda N Fader, Edward J Tanner
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare operative times, surgical outcomes, and costs of robotic laparoendoscopic single-site (R-LESS) vs multiport robotic (MPR) total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) with sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping for low-risk endometrial cancer. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Academic university hospital. PATIENTS: Patients with a biopsy-proven diagnosis of complex atypical hyperplasia (CAH) or low-grade (1 or 2) endometrial cancer with body mass index <30 kg/m(2) and undergoing robotic TLH and SLN mapping between 2012 and 2016 were included...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566221/sentinel-lymph-node-mapping-and-staging-in-endometrial-cancer-a-society-of-gynecologic-oncology-literature-review-with-consensus-recommendations
#12
REVIEW
Robert W Holloway, Nadeem R Abu-Rustum, Floor J Backes, John F Boggess, Walter H Gotlieb, W Jeffrey Lowery, Emma C Rossi, Edward J Tanner, Rebecca J Wolsky
The emphasis in contemporary medical oncology has been "precision" or "personalized" medicine, terms that imply a strategy to improve efficacy through targeted therapies. Similar attempts at precision are occurring in surgical oncology. Sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping has recently been introduced into the surgical staging of endometrial cancer with the goal to reduce morbidity associated with comprehensive lymphadenectomy, yet obtain prognostic information from lymph node status. The Society of Gynecologic Oncology's (SGO) Clinical Practice Committee and SLN Working Group reviewed the current literature for preparation of this document...
August 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558116/sentinel-lymph-node-technique-in-endometrial-cancer
#13
Allison Staley, Stephanie A Sullivan, Emma C Rossi
Importance: Endometrial cancer (EMCA) is the most common gynecologic malignancy, with an estimated 54,000 new cases and 10,000 deaths in the United States in 2015. Lymph node metastasis is the most significant prognostic factor in EMCA. Sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping has become a well-accepted procedure in surgical oncology and may strike a balance between the risks and benefits of lymphadenectomy. Objective: The aim of this study was to review the current literature regarding the history, techniques, and clinical application of SLN mapping in EMCA...
May 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551895/-sentinel-lymph-nodes-dissection-in-gynecological-malignancies
#14
REVIEW
Yael Naaman, Limor Goldenhersh, Alon Ben-Arie
During the last decade sentinel lymph nodes biopsy has become an essential part of primary surgical treatment in a number of malignancies including breast cancer, melanoma and head-and-neck malignancies. Dye or radioactive substances are injected at the primary tumor site, followed by pre-operative and intra-operative mapping. During surgery only positive lymph nodes are being dissected instead of a complete dissection of the lymphatic basin. The advantages of sentinel lymph nodes dissection are reducing the side effects of extensive lymph nodes dissection, while maintaining high detection rates and sensitivity in identifying cases with lymphatic tumor spread...
February 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541627/sentinel-lymph-node-mapping-with-indocyanine-green-in-vaginal-cancer
#15
In Ok Lee, Jung Yun Lee, Sunghoon Kim, Sang Wun Kim, Young Tae Kim, Eun Ji Nam
OBJECTIVE: Sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping is being adapted to gynecologic cancer. Higher SLN mapping rates were reported with indocyanine green (ICG) compared to other dyes. The aim of this film is to share our experience of SLN mapping with ICG in vaginal cancer. METHODS: A 40 year-old woman was diagnosed with squamous cell vaginal cancer. About 1.5 cm-sized tumor was located on the posterior vaginal fornix. Preoperatively she was assumed to be stage I vaginal cancer...
July 2017: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533155/indications-and-techniques-for-robotic-pelvic-and-para-aortic-lymphadenectomy-with-sentinel-lymph-node-mapping-in-gynecologic-oncology
#16
REVIEW
Ketura Preya A Wisner, Sarfraz Ahmad, Robert W Holloway
Robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery is the most common approach for the treatment of early-stage endometrial and cervical cancers in the US. Surgical staging requires pelvic and often aortic lymphadenectomy, depending on the primary tumor characteristics. Pelvic and aortic lymphadenectomy procedures may also be indicated for debulking of larger metastases to improve disease control. The infra-renal basin is an important anatomic site of metastasis from pelvic tumors, and robotic dissection techniques for this site have been described...
April 24, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441255/european-society-of-gynaecological-oncology-guidelines-for-the-management-of-patients-with-vulvar-cancer
#17
Maaike H M Oonk, François Planchamp, Peter Baldwin, Mariusz Bidzinski, Mats Brännström, Fabio Landoni, Sven Mahner, Umesh Mahantshetty, Mansoor Mirza, Cordula Petersen, Denis Querleu, Sigrid Regauer, Lukas Rob, Roman Rouzier, Elena Ulrikh, Jacobus van der Velden, Ignace Vergote, Linn Woelber, Ate G J van der Zee
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop clinically relevant and evidence-based guidelines as part of European Society of Gynaecological Oncology's mission to improve the quality of care for women with gynecologic cancers across Europe. METHODS: The European Society of Gynaecological Oncology Council nominated an international development group made of practicing clinicians who provide care to patients with vulvar cancer and have demonstrated leadership and interest in the management of patients with vulvar cancer (18 experts across Europe)...
May 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410225/sentinel-lymph-node-mapping-in-endometrial-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Hefeng Lin, Zheyuan Ding, Vishnu Goutham Kota, Xiaoming Zhang, Jianwei Zhou
Endometrial cancer is the most frequent tumor in the female reproductive system, while the sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping for diagnostic efficacy of endometrial cancer is still controversial. This meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the diagnostic value of SLN in the assessment of lymph nodal involvement in endometrial cancer. Forty-four studies including 2,236 cases were identified. The pooled overall detection rate was 83% (95% CI: 80-86%). The pooled sensitivity was 91% (95% CI: 87-95%). The bilateral pelvic node detection rate was 56% (95% CI: 48-64%)...
July 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399033/european-society-of-gynaecological-oncology-guidelines-for-the-management-of-patients-with-vulvar-cancer
#19
Maaike H M Oonk, François Planchamp, Peter Baldwin, Mariusz Bidzinski, Mats Brännström, Fabio Landoni, Sven Mahner, Umesh Mahantshetty, Mansoor Mirza, Cordula Petersen, Denis Querleu, Sigrid Regauer, Lukas Rob, Roman Rouzier, Elena Ulrikh, Jacobus van der Velden, Ignace Vergote, Linn Woelber, Ate G J van der Zee
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop clinically relevant and evidence-based guidelines as part of European Society of Gynaecological Oncology's mission to improve the quality of care for women with gynecologic cancers across Europe. METHODS: The European Society of Gynaecological Oncology Council nominated an international development group made of practicing clinicians who provide care to patients with vulvar cancer and have demonstrated leadership and interest in the management of patients with vulvar cancer (18 experts across Europe)...
April 8, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345826/value-of-sentinel-lymph-node-sln-mapping-and-biopsy-using-combined-intracervical-radiotracers-and-blue-dye-injections-for-endometrial-cancer
#20
Farah Farzaneh, Atefeh Moridi, Zahra Azizmohammadi, Mojtaba Ansari J, Maryam Sadat Hosseini, Maliheh Arab, Tahereh Ashrafganjoei, Mina Mazaheri
Background: Lymphadenectomy, as part of the initial surgical staging of patients with endometrial carcinoma, remains a controversial topic in gynecologic oncology. Sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping has become a well-accepted procedure for melanomas and breast cancer; a number of investigators have begun to explore the utility and accuracy of this technique with regard to endometrial cancer. Aim: This study was conducted to evaluate SLN mapping of early stage endometrial cancer with blue dye in conjunction with a radioactive tracer...
February 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
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