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Common mental illness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351568/habits-and-beliefs-related-to-food-supplements-results-of-a-survey-among-italian-students-of-different-education-fields-and-levels
#1
Felice Sirico, Salvatore Miressi, Clotilde Castaldo, Rocco Spera, Stefania Montagnani, Franca Di Meglio, Daria Nurzynska
The increasing availability of food supplements, aggressive media advertising, and common beliefs that these substances have only positive effects on health and sport performance indicate a need for continuous monitoring of this phenomenon. The aim of this study was to investigate the habits and beliefs related to diet supplementation among medical, health professional, and other university/high school students by means of a cross-sectional anonymous survey online. Among the respondents aware of supplements, 37...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349233/associations-between-household-educational-attainment-and-adolescent-positive-mental-health-in-canada
#2
Kimberly C Thomson, Martin Guhn, Chris G Richardson, Jean A Shoveller
Investigating the determinants of positive mental health, as opposed to focusing on mental illness, is a new research direction with important implications for population health promotion. Past research suggests that mental health develops in early childhood and that social factors including highest household educational attainment may play an important role. The current study examined the association between household educational attainment and adolescent self-reported positive mental health in a nationally representative Canadian sample using data from the 2011-12 Canadian Community Health Survey...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344532/functional-ability-of-clients-with-bipolar-disorders-in-tertiary-hospital-puducherry
#3
Rajendran Rangasamy Kavitha, Sethuramachandran Kamalam, Ravi Philip Rajkumar
Background: Bipolar Disorder (BD) is a common long standing mental illness which is episodic in nature, affecting approximately1-2% of the world adult population. BD frequently affects the patient's life. Few studies have examined the functional impairment in patients with affective illness. The main objective of the current study was to assess specific domains of functioning as well as the overall functioning of the clients with BD. Methods: This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the level of function among the clients with BD in JIPMER Hospital, Puducherry during 2015-2016 and to identify the socio- demographic and clinical factors associated with the level of functioning...
January 2018: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341056/-researching-crisis-plans-in-long-term-mental-health-care-more-complicated-than-expected
#4
J Fockens, Chr Boumans, D Postulart
BACKGROUND Crisis plans are highly valued because they can help to reduce the number of persons subjected to compulsory treatment in mental health care. The evidence however that crisis plans are effective is scarce, partly due to insufficient implementation by professionals.<br/> AIM: To assess the fidelity, relevance and applicability of crisis plans and to estimate to what extent such plans are appreciated by those working in long-term care.<br/> METHOD: Semi-structured interview with patients and nurses...
2018: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337350/alterations-in-mglu5-receptor-expression-and-function-in-the-striatum-in-a-rat-depression-model
#5
Li-Min Mao, John Q Wang
Major depressive disorder is a common form of mental illness. Many brain regions are implicated in the pathophysiology and symptomatology of depression. Among key brain areas is the striatum that controls reward and mood and is involved in the development of core depression-like behavior in animal models of depression. While molecular mechanisms in this region underlying depression-related behavior are poorly understood, the glutamatergic input to the striatum is believed to play a role. In this study, we investigated changes in metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptor expression and signaling in the striatum of adult rats in response to prolonged (10-12 weeks) social isolation, a pre-validated animal paradigm modeling depression in adulthood...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335261/childhood-trajectories-of-peer-victimization-and-prediction-of-mental-health-outcomes-in-midadolescence-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#6
Marie-Claude Geoffroy, Michel Boivin, Louise Arseneault, Johanne Renaud, Léa C Perret, Gustavo Turecki, Gregory Michel, Julie Salla, Frank Vitaro, Mara Brendgen, Richard E Tremblay, Sylvana M Côté
BACKGROUND: Exposure to peer victimization is relatively common. However, little is known about its developmental course and its effect on impairment associated with mental illnesses. We aimed to identify groups of children following differential trajectories of peer victimization from ages 6 to 13 years and to examine predictive associations of these trajectories with mental health in adolescence. METHODS: Participants were members of the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development, a prospective cohort of 2120 children born in 1997/98 who were followed until age 15 years...
January 15, 2018: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334662/aqueous-extracts-of-two-tropical-ethnobotanicals-tetrapleura-tetraptera-and-quassia-undulata-improved-spatial-and-non-spatial-working-memories-in-scopolamine-induced-amnesic-rats-influence-of-neuronal-cholinergic-and-antioxidant-systems
#7
Veronica O Odubanjo, Emmanuel O Ibukun, Ganiyu Oboh, Stephen A Adefegha
BACKGROUND: Tetrapleura tetraptera (TT) and Quassia undulata (QU) are two predominant tropical ethnobotanicals with various medicinal values but are commonly used in folklore for the treatment of mental illness without justifiable mechanisms of action. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the effects of aqueous extracts from TT fruits and QU leaves on the spatial and non-spatial working memory, antioxidant status and activities of neuronal marker enzymes of scopolamine-induced amnesic rats and thus, understand the possible mechanism of action of these plants...
January 11, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334643/longitudinal-determinants-of-depression-among-world-trade-center-health-registry-enrollees-14-15-years-after-the-9-11-attacks
#8
Melanie H Jacobson, Christina Norman, Angela Nguyen, Robert M Brackbill
BACKGROUND: Exposure to the September 11, 2001 (9/11) terrorist attacks has been found to be associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and comorbid PTSD and depression up to 10-11 years post-disaster. However, little is known about the longitudinal predictors of mental health conditions over time. METHODS: We examined longitudinal determinants of depression within strata of PTSD among 21,258 enrollees of the World Trade Center Health Registry who completed four questionnaires over 14 years of follow-up (Wave 1 in 2003-04; Wave 2 in 2005-06; Wave 3 in 2011-12; and Wave 4 in 2015-16)...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334517/the-effect-of-arthropathies-on-illness-perceptions-coping-strategies-outcomes-and-their-changes-over-time-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-12-month-follow-up-study
#9
Sanne J H van Erp, Mike van der Have, Herma H Fidder, Désirée van der Heijde, Ron Wolterbeek, Daniel W Hommes, Ad A Kaptein, Andrea E van der Meulen-de Jong
OBJECTIVES: Arthropathies are a common extraintestinal manifestation (EIM) in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This study evaluated the differences in illness perceptions, coping strategies, and illness outcomes between patients with IBD with and without arthropathies at baseline and examined changes at 12 months in these variables in patients with arthropathies. METHODS: In total, 204 patients with (n=123) and without (n=81) arthropathies completed questionnaires at baseline and after 1 year, assessing illness perceptions, coping strategies, quality of life, and work and activity impairment...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334229/physical-and-psychological-health-of-carers-of-young-people-with-first-episode-psychosis
#10
Abner Weng Cheong Poon, Jackie Curtis, Philip Ward, Celia Loneragan, Julia Lappin
OBJECTIVE: Carers of people with psychosis may experience psychological distress and caregiving burden. However, few studies have examined both psychological and physical health of carers of young people with first episode psychosis (FEP). METHOD: A total of 32 young people with FEP and 42 of their carers were recruited from a mental health service. Standardised scales were administered to assess carers' psychological distress and risk for development of Type 2 diabetes...
January 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332683/insomnia-in-primary-care-a-study-from-india
#11
T S Jaisoorya, Ajit Bhalchandra Dahale, Kumar G Sunil, L Manoj, G R Gokul, K Thennarassu
OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence and clinical correlates of insomnia among a sample of primary care attendees, in the state of Kerala, India. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Primary care. PARTICIPANTS: 7017 adult patients [18-60 years] attending 71 primary health centers selected by cluster random sampling. MEASUREMENTS: Patients were assessed for insomnia using the Insomnia Severity Index...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330149/voluntary-exercise-and-depression-like-behavior-in-rodents-are-we-running-in-the-right-direction
#12
Joram D Mul
Acute or chronic exposure to stress can increase the risk to develop major depressive disorder, a severe, recurrent and common psychiatric condition. Depression places an enormous social and financial burden on modern society. Although many depressed patients are treated with antidepressants, their efficacy is only modest, underscoring the necessity to develop clinically-effective pharmaceutical or behavioral treatments. Exercise training produces beneficial effects on stress-related mental disorders, indicative of clinical potential...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327162/explication-of-a-behavioral-health-primary-care-integration-learning-collaborative-and-its-quality-improvement-implications
#13
Martha Okafor, Victor Ede, Rosemary Kinuthia, David Satcher
In an effort to tackle fragmented care in the US healthcare delivery system, we explored the use of learning collaborative (LC) to advance integration of behavioral health and primary care as one of the potential solutions to a holistic approach to the delivery of quality healthcare to individuals with physical and mental illness. How a diverse group of primary care and behavioral health providers formed a Community of Practice (CoP) with a common purpose and shared vision to advance integrated care using a LC approach is described...
January 11, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325583/an-integrated-delivery-of-care-approach-to-improve-patient-reported-physical-function-and-mental-wellbeing-after-orthopedic-trauma-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Laura Zdziarski-Horodyski, MaryBeth Horodyski, Kalia K Sadasivan, Jennifer Hagen, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Matthew Patrick, Robert Guenther, Heather K Vincent
BACKGROUND: Orthopedic trauma injury impacts nearly 2.8 million people each year. Despite surgical improvements and excellent survivorship rates, many patients experience poor quality of life (QOL) outcomes years later. Psychological distress commonly occurs after injury. Distressed patients more frequently experience rehospitalizations, pain medication dependence, and low QOL. This study was developed to test whether an integrative care approach (IntCare; ten-step program of emotional support, education, customized resources, and medical care) was superior to usual care (UsCare)...
January 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323522/demoralization-and-embitterment
#15
Maria Giulia Nanni, Rosangela Caruso, Silvana Sabato, Luigi Grassi
OBJECTIVE: Individuals may experience a wide range of psychological reactions in response to negative life events. Even if events that threaten life have been always played a central role in research, recent studies have outlined that experiences, considered exceptional but part of the human existence (e.g., divorce, unemployment, or chronic illness) may also lead individuals to experience enduring emotional states of suffering. Demoralization has been substantially described as an important condition occurring in response to stressful events, while a recent interest is growing on embitterment as a common reaction...
January 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317742/psychiatric-genetics-and-the-structure-of-psychopathology
#16
REVIEW
Jordan W Smoller, Ole A Andreassen, Howard J Edenberg, Stephen V Faraone, Stephen J Glatt, Kenneth S Kendler
For over a century, psychiatric disorders have been defined by expert opinion and clinical observation. The modern DSM has relied on a consensus of experts to define categorical syndromes based on clusters of symptoms and signs, and, to some extent, external validators, such as longitudinal course and response to treatment. In the absence of an established etiology, psychiatry has struggled to validate these descriptive syndromes, and to define the boundaries between disorders and between normal and pathologic variation...
January 9, 2018: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317593/loneliness-5-years-ante-mortem-is-associated-with-disease-related-differential-gene-expression-in-postmortem-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex
#17
Turhan Canli, Lei Yu, Xiaoqing Yu, Hongyu Zhao, Debra Fleischman, Robert S Wilson, Philip L De Jager, David A Bennett
Subjective social isolation, loneliness, is associated with poor mental and physical health, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. Here we analyzed loneliness data collected on average 5 years ante-mortem and RNA gene expression at death in postmortem dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) from 181 participants in the Rush Memory and Aging Project (MAP), a longitudinal, prospective cohort study of common chronic conditions of aging. Our analytic protocol controlled for biographical variables (age, sex, education), psychological and health variables (depressive symptoms, interval between assessment and autopsy, slope of cognitive decline, AD pathology, presence of infarcts) and RNA integrity...
January 10, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306907/new-aspects-in-the-pathomechanism-of-diseases-of-civilization-particularly-psychosomatic-disorders-part-2-chronic-hypocapnia-and-hypercapnia-in-the-medical-practice
#18
Andras Sikter, Zoltan Rihmer, Roberto de Guevara
The authors seek to find new connections between recent results of biology and older theories. This paper aims to assemble the jigsaw puzzle. The theoretical background of the hypothesis was described in the previous issue of the journal (Sikter et al. 2017a). Human stress response often coexists with persistent hypocapnia or hypercapnia - developing via psychosomatic pathomechanism - which can lead to mental and psychosomatic illnesses. Chronic hypocapnia mainly generates hyperarousal disorders which may be reversible for an extended time, however, vicious cycles may start when hypoxia and/or severe somatic diseases are simultaneously present (commonly in the elderly), which conditions often end with death without medical help...
September 2017: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301099/from-maps-to-multi-dimensional-network-mechanisms-of-mental-disorders
#19
REVIEW
Urs Braun, Axel Schaefer, Richard F Betzel, Heike Tost, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Danielle S Bassett
The development of advanced neuroimaging techniques and their deployment in large cohorts has enabled an assessment of functional and structural brain network architecture at an unprecedented level of detail. Across many temporal and spatial scales, network neuroscience has emerged as a central focus of intellectual efforts, seeking meaningful descriptions of brain networks and explanatory sets of network features that underlie circuit function in health and dysfunction in disease. However, the tools of network science commonly deployed provide insight into brain function at a fundamentally descriptive level, often failing to identify (patho-)physiological mechanisms that link system-level phenomena to the multiple hierarchies of brain function...
January 3, 2018: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297407/pregnancy-and-the-global-disease-burden
#20
Barbara J Sina
Pregnant women experience unique physiological changes pertinent to the effective prevention and treatment of common diseases that affect their health and the health of their developing fetuses. In this paper, the impact of major communicable (HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, helminth infections, emerging epidemic viral infections) as well as non-communicable conditions (mental illness, substance abuse, gestational diabetes, eclampsia) on pregnancy is discussed. The current state of research involving pregnant women in these areas is also described, highlighting important knowledge gaps for the management of key illnesses that impact pregnancy globally...
December 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
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