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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437059/psychotic-and-bipolar-disorders-bipolar-disorder
#1
Sarah D Holder
Bipolar disorder is a severe chronic mental illness that affects a large number of individuals. This disorder is separated into two major types, bipolar I disorder, with mania and typically recurrent depression, and bipolar II disorder, with recurrent major depression and hypomania. Patients with bipolar disorder spend the majority of time experiencing depression, and this typically is the presenting symptom. Because outcomes are improved with earlier diagnosis and treatment, physicians should maintain a high index of suspicion for bipolar disorder...
April 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437056/psychotic-and-bipolar-disorders-schizophrenia
#2
Alaina L Edmunds
Schizophrenia is the most common psychotic illness, typically appearing between the late teenage years and the mid-30s. The first episode of psychosis may be preceded by a prodromal period. Schizophrenia symptoms fall into six common symptom clusters: delusions and hallucinations, disorganization of speech, cognitive dysfunction, negative symptoms, affective symptoms, and motor system abnormalities. The diagnosis is based on criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, including exclusion of other possible medical or psychiatric etiologies of psychosis...
April 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436194/impact-of-living-arrangements-on-clinical-outcomes-among-older-patients-with-dementia-or-cognitive-impairment-admitted-to-the-geriatric-evaluation-and-management-unit-in-taiwan
#3
Cheng-Hao Hung, Ting-Ching Tang, Chih-Jen Wang, Li-Kuo Liu, Li-Ning Peng, Liang-Kung Chen
AIM: To evaluate the impact of living arrangements on mortality and functional decline among older patients with dementia or cognitive impairment after discharge from a geriatric evaluation and management unit (GEMU) in Taiwan. METHODS: The present retrospective cohort study used data from the Veteran Affairs Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment from January 2015 to May 2016 for analysis. Data of patients aged 65 years and older with dementia or cognitive impairment at admission to the GEMU of Taipei Veterans General Hospital during the study period were retried for study...
April 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434642/-late-life-depression-or-prodromal-alzheimer-s-disease-which-tools-for-the-differential-diagnosis
#4
A-I Gasser, V Salamin, S Zumbach
INTRODUCTION: Depression and Alzheimer's disease are both very frequent in elderly people. Cognitive deficits are the hallmark of Alzheimer's disease, but they are also common in depressed elderly people who often present cognitive deficits such as memory, attention and executive function problems. On the other hand, people with early Alzheimer's disease demonstrate emotional and behavioral disorders generally encountered in depression such as loss of energy, apathy, mood disorder, and irritability...
April 20, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428813/perinatal-depression-in-nigeria-perspectives-of-women-family-caregivers-and-health-care-providers
#5
Ademola Adeponle, Danielle Groleau, Lola Kola, Laurence J Kirmayer, Oye Gureje
BACKGROUND: Perinatal maternal depression is common and undertreated in many sub-Saharan African countries, including Nigeria. While culture shapes the social determinants and expression of depressive symptoms, there is a dearth of research investigating these processes in African contexts. METHODS: To address this gap, we conducted in-depth interviews with 14 women with perinatal depression, 14 of their family caregivers and 11 health providers, using the McGill Illness Narrative Interview as part of a larger trial of a stepped-care intervention...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420374/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-common-mental-disorders-among-ethiopian-migrant-returnees-from-the-middle-east-and-south-africa
#6
Kassahun Habtamu, Abebaw Minaye, Waganesh A Zeleke
BACKGROUND: Ethiopian migrants to the Middle East and South Africa experience a range of problems at various stages of their migration including overwork, sleep deprivation, denial of food, emotional abuse, difficulty adapting to the host culture, salary denial, sexual abuse, labor exploitation, confiscation of their travel documents, confinement, denial of medication, lack of access to legal service and degrading attitude by employers, traffickers and smugglers. These experiences can be associated with different types of mental disorders...
April 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416966/an-overview-of-mental-health-care-system-in-kilifi-kenya-results-from-an-initial-assessment-using-the-world-health-organization-s-assessment-instrument-for-mental-health-systems
#7
Mary A Bitta, Symon M Kariuki, Eddie Chengo, Charles R J C Newton
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the state of mental health systems in Kenya. In 2010, Kenya promulgated a new constitution, which devolved national government and the national health system to 47 counties including Kilifi County. There is need to provide evidence from mental health systems research to identify priority areas in Kilifi's mental health system for informing county health sector decision making. We conducted an initial assessment of state of mental health systems in Kilifi County and documented resources, policy and legislation and spectrum of mental, neurological and substance use disorders...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415998/effectiveness-of-current-policing-related-mental-health-interventions-in-england-and-wales-and-crisis-intervention-teams-as-a-future-potential-model-a-systematic-review
#8
Eddie Kane, Emily Evans, Farhad Shokraneh
BACKGROUND: Experiencing mental ill health adds a layer of complexity for individuals in touch with the justice system and for those responsible for working in the justice service with these individuals, such as frontline police officers. In England and Wales, there are three commonly used but not necessarily commonly designed or operated, mental health interventions associated with policing, Liaison and Diversion, Street Triage and specialist staff embedded in Police Contact Control Rooms...
April 17, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413439/family-reintegration-of-homeless-in-maputo-and-matola-a-descriptive-study
#9
Lídia Gouveia, Honório Massanganhe, Flávio Mandlate, Dirceu Mabunda, Wilza Fumo, Ana Olga Mocumbi, Jair de Jesus Mari
BACKGROUND: Homelessness is a global and local social problem with underestimated prevalence. It has been shown to increase the risk of mental illness, raising concerns from mental health providers about the need for effective interventions targeting this population. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to describe the mental health status of the homeless people in two urban setting in a low-income country, through using standardised clinical and socio-demographic assessments as well assessing potential predictors of family integration versus non-family integration among a group of homeless individuals receiving psychiatric and psychosocial treatment...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413086/clinically-feasible-stratification-of-3-year-chronic-disease-risk-in-primary-care-the-mental-health-integration-risk-score
#10
Heidi T May, Brenda Reiss-Brennan, Kimberly D Brunisholz, Benjamin D Horne
BACKGROUND: Depression is a common illness that imposes a disproportionately large health burden. Depression is generally associated with a higher prevalence of chronic disease risk factors and may contribute to higher chronic disease risk. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to create and validate sex-specific Mental Health Integration Risk Scores (MHIRS) that predict 3-year chronic disease diagnosis. METHODS: MHIRS was created to predict the first diagnosis of any of the 10 chronic diseases in patients completing a Patient Health Questionnaire-9 Depression Survey who were free at baseline from those 10 chronic disease diagnoses...
March 9, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412895/self-stigma-and-consumer-participation-in-shared-decision-making-in-mental-health-services
#11
Johannes Hamann, Markus Bühner, Nicolas Rüsch
OBJECTIVE: People with mental illness struggle with symptoms and with public stigma. Some accept common prejudices and lose self-esteem, resulting in shame and self-stigma, which may affect their interactions with mental health professionals. This study explored whether self-stigma and shame are associated with consumers' preferences for participation in medical decision making and their behavior in psychiatric consultations. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study conducted in Germany, 329 individuals with a diagnosis of a schizophrenia spectrum disorder or an affective disorder and their psychiatrists provided sociodemographic and illness-related information...
April 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410867/psychotropic-implant-can-be-a-new-hope-in-psychiatry
#12
Guru S Gowda, Soumitra Das, Raveesh Bevinahalli Nanjegowda
Non-adherence to oral psychotropic medications is common in patients with severe mental illness (SMI). This substantially limits the effectiveness of treatment and results in higher rates of relapse, rehospitalization, suicide, early mortality and disability in SMI. This is a major concern for professionals, caregivers and policy makers. The pharmacological, psychological, psychosocial models and interventions have been there since last few decades to address non-adherence. These have not made major changes in treatment adherence and outcome of SMI...
March 27, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407154/living-with-parkinson-s-disease-staying-determined
#13
Jeanne M Sorrell
Parkinson's disease is one of the most common chronically disabling disorders of the nervous system. The disorder affects predominately older adults; only 4% of individuals are diagnosed before age 50. Receiving a diagnosis of Parkinson's disease can be overwhelming for someone who is active and feels healthy, but new research shows that patients who take charge of their illness by adopting healthful habits of mind and body can slow the development of the disease and have a better quality of life. [Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 55(4), 15-18...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407153/premenstrual-exacerbations-achieving-stability-all-month-every-month
#14
Laura G Leahy
Premenstrual syndrome, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, or premenstrual exacerbation of a psychiatric condition may disrupt 10 years of a woman's life over the course of her reproductive lifespan. As health care practitioners, nurses see women who experience these premenstrual symptom exacerbations in all treatment settings. Premenstrual exacerbation of psychiatric illness is a common phenomenon, and it is treatable; however, research is limited and evidence-based guidelines for treatment are sparse. The current article offers insights and an algorithm, extrapolated from the existing literature, into a lesser-known treatment strategy, semi-intermittent dosing, which will provide symptom stability all month, every month...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398194/causal-attributions-of-mental-health-problems-and-depressive-symptoms-among-older-somali-refugees-in-finland
#15
Saija Kuittinen, Mulki Mölsä, Raija-Leena Punamäki, Marja Tiilikainen, Marja-Liisa Honkasalo
Causal attributions of mental health problems play a crucial role in shaping and differentiating illness experience in different sociocultural and ethnic groups. The aims of this study were (a) to analyze older Somali refugees' causal attributions of mental health problems; (b) to examine the associations between demographic and diagnostic characteristics, proxy indicators of acculturation, and causal attributions; and (c) to analyze the connections between causal attributions and the manifestation of somatic-affective and cognitive depressive symptoms...
April 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397575/physical-and-psychological-morbidities-among-selected-antenatal-females-in-kegalle-district-of-sri-lanka-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
I N S Herath, A Balasuriya, S Sivayogan
While motherhood is often a positive and satisfying experience, for some women, it is linked with suffering and ill-health. A woman should be able to feel physically and mentally content during pregnancy. Discomforts in pregnancy may be considered as insignificant by the physician. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine physical and psychological morbidities among primigravid antenatal females in the Kegalle District, Sri Lanka. A sample of 1017 second and third trimester primigravid antenatal females selected by a two-stage probability proportional to size cluster sampling method, were assessed for physical and psychological problems...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390407/a-qualitative-study-to-explore-views-of-patients-carers-and-mental-health-professionals-to-inform-cultural-adaptation-of-cbt-for-psychosis-cbtp-in-china
#17
Weihui Li, Li Zhang, Xuerong Luo, Bangshan Liu, Zhipeng Liu, Fang Lin, Zhiling Liu, Yuhuan Xie, Melissa Hudson, Shanaya Rathod, David Kingdon, Nusrat Husain, Xudong Liu, Muhammad Ayub, Farooq Naeem
BACKGROUND: The evidence for effectiveness of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is robust and the national organizations in the United Kingdom and the United States recommend its use. It is not utilized to its full potential in low and middle-income countries. Adaptation of CBT treatment to the target culture may facilitate its uptake. This study explored views of patients with schizophrenia, their caregivers, and mental health professionals for the purpose of cultural adaptation of CBT...
April 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389688/intimate-partner-violence-and-mental-ill-health-among-global-populations-of-indigenous-women-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Marta Chmielowska, Daniela C Fuhr
PURPOSE: Intimate partner violence (IPV) has been recognised as a major obstacle to the achievement of gender equality and human development. Its adverse physical and mental health consequences have been reported to affect women of all ages and backgrounds. Although Indigenous women seem to experience higher rates of partner abuse than non-Indigenous women, mental health consequences of IPV among this population are not yet clearly established in the literature. This study systematically reviewed the global literature on mental health outcomes and risk factors for mental ill health among Indigenous women who experienced IPV...
April 7, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384607/latent-class-analysis-of-gambling-subtypes-and-impulsive-compulsive-associations-time-to-rethink-diagnostic-boundaries-for-gambling-disorder
#19
Samuel R Chamberlain, Jan Stochl, Sarah A Redden, Brian L Odlaug, Jon E Grant
BACKGROUND: Gambling disorder has been associated with cognitive dysfunction and impaired quality of life. The current definition of non-pathological, problem, and pathological types of gambling is based on total symptom scores, which may overlook nuanced underlying presentations of gambling symptoms. The aims of the current study were (i) to identify subtypes of gambling in young adults, using latent class analysis, based on individual responses from the Structured Clinical Interview for Gambling Disorder (SCI-GD); and (ii) to explore relationships between these gambling subtypes, and clinical/cognitive measures...
March 28, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384241/mental-ill-health-in-structural-pathways-to-women-s-experiences-of-intimate-partner-violence
#20
Mercilene T Machisa, Nicola Christofides, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and binge drinking are among mental health effects of child abuse and intimate partner violence (IPV) experiences among women. Emerging data show the potential mediating role of mental ill health in the relationship of child abuse and IPV. There is evidence that PTSD, depression and alcohol abuse are comorbid common mental disorders and that a bidirectional relationship exists between depression and IPV in some settings. Furthermore, the temporal direction in the relationship of alcohol abuse and women's IPV experiences from different studies is unclear...
2017: PloS One
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