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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778009/exploring-opioid-use-disorder-its-impact-and-treatment-among-individuals-experiencing-homelessness-as-part-of-a-family
#1
Avik Chatterjee, Eun Jin Yu, Lindsay Tishberg
BACKGROUND: Opioid Use Disorder (OUD) causes significant morbidity and mortality among people experiencing homelessness. We aimed to explore the unique way in which OUD impacts individuals experiencing homelessness as part of a family. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with adults experiencing OUD staying in Boston-area family shelters along with dependent children. We used Borkan's Immersion-Crystallization method to uncover themes from interview transcripts...
May 12, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776731/comorbidity-in-illness-induced-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-versus-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-due-to-external-events-in-a-nationally-representative-study
#2
Jordana L Sommer, Natalie Mota, Donald Edmondson, Renée El-Gabalawy
OBJECTIVE: The current study compared physical and mental health characteristics and quality of life of illness-induced posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) versus those with PTSD due to external traumatic events in a population-based sample. METHOD: PTSD was assessed with the Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule (AUDADIS-5) using DSM-5 criteria in the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Participants with past-year PTSD (n = 1779) were categorized into two groups: illness-induced (6...
May 10, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770205/beginning-at-the-ends-telomeres-and-human-disease
#3
REVIEW
Sharon A Savage
Studies of rare and common illnesses have led to remarkable progress in the understanding of the role of telomeres (nucleoprotein complexes at chromosome ends essential for chromosomal integrity) in human disease. Telomere biology disorders encompass a growing spectrum of conditions caused by rare pathogenic germline variants in genes encoding essential aspects of telomere function. Dyskeratosis congenita, a disorder at the severe end of this spectrum, typically presents in childhood with the classic triad of abnormal skin pigmentation, nail dystrophy, and oral leukoplakia, accompanied by a very high risk of bone marrow failure, cancer, pulmonary fibrosis, and other medical problems...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769017/a-cross-sectional-investigation-of-the-health-needs-of-asylum-seekers-in-a-refugee-clinic-in-germany
#4
Laura F Goodman, Guy W Jensen, Joseph M Galante, Diana L Farmer, Stephanie Taché
BACKGROUND: Over one million asylum seekers were registered in Germany in 2016, most from Syria and Afghanistan. The Refugee Convention guarantees access to healthcare, however delivery mechanisms remain heterogeneous. There is an urgent need for more data describing the health conditions of asylum seekers to guide best practices for healthcare delivery. In this study, we describe the state of health of asylum seekers presenting to a multi-specialty primary care refugee clinic. METHODS: Demographic and medical diagnosis data were extracted from the electronic medical records of patients seen at the ambulatory refugee clinic in Dresden, Germany between 15 September 2015 and 31 December 2016...
May 16, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766462/disgust-and-fear-common-emotions-between-eating-and-phobic-disorders
#5
Rami Bou Khalil, Ibrahim R Bou-Orm, Yara Tabet, Lama Souaiby, Hayat Azouri
Eating disorders (ED) are prevalent mental illnesses composed mainly of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorders. Anxiety disorders are another set of mental illnesses, with phobic disorder (PD) being the most prevalent disorder. ED and PD are highly comorbid. The aim of this study is to assess, in 131 individuals attending an outpatient clinic for different health issues, the level of fear related to situations generating avoidance such as in social anxiety and specific phobias according to the fear questionnaire (FQ), the level of disgust according to the disgust scale (DS-R) and the vulnerability towards ED according to the SCOFF scale to demonstrate that high levels of both fear and disgust increase the vulnerability towards ED...
May 15, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745889/potentially-traumatic-events-ptsd-and-post-traumatic-stress-spectrum-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia
#6
Ciro Conversano, Claudia Carmassi, Carlo A Bertelloni, Laura Marchi, Tommaso Micheloni, Manuel G Carbone, Giovanni Pagni, Claudia Tagliarini, Gabriele Massimetti, Laura M Bazzichi, Liliana Dell'Osso
OBJECTIVES: Fibromyalgia (FM) is defined as a severe, chronic, non-articular rheumatic condition characterised by widespread musculoskeletal pain, hyperalgesia and generalised tender points, in the absence of inflammatory or structural musculoskeletal abnormalities. Pain is the predominant symptom, allodynia and hyperalgesia are common signs. Extreme fatigue, impaired cognition and non-restorative sleeping difficulties coexist in addition to other somatic symptoms. Several studies suggest there is a meaningful relationship between FM and the psychological symptoms of depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
April 24, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742940/the-role-of-oxidative-stress-in-anxiety-disorder-cause-or-consequence
#7
Alessandra das Graças Fedoce, Frederico Ferreira, Robert G Bota, Vicent Bonet-Costa, Patrick Y Sun, Kelvin J A Davies
Anxiety disorders are the most common mental illness in the USA affecting 18% of the population. The cause(s) of anxiety disorders is/are not completely clear, and research in the neurobiology of anxiety at the molecular level is still rather limited. Although mounting clinical and preclinical evidence now indicates that oxidative stress may be a major component of anxiety pathology, whether oxidative stress is the cause or consequence remains elusive. Studies conducted over the past few years suggest that anxiety disorders may be characterized by lowered antioxidant defenses and increased oxidative damage to proteins, lipids and nucleic acids...
May 9, 2018: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741125/association-between-parental-hospital-treated-somatic-illnesses-in-childhood-and-later-mental-disorders-among-offspring-up-to-early-adulthood-an-explorative-study-in-the-1987-finnish-birth-cohort
#8
Marko Merikukka, Sami Räsänen, Helinä Hakko, Tiina Ristikari, Mika Gissler, Mika Niemelä
AIMS: Earlier studies on the associations between parental somatic illnesses and children's psychological wellbeing have focused on the most common somatic illnesses or on specific groups of illnesses. In this study, we aimed to systematically examine whether parental somatic illnesses, diagnosed during an offspring's childhood, are associated with later mental disorders of the offspring and, if so, identify which parental somatic illnesses in particular increase the likelihood for later mental disorders among the offspring...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740952/help-seeking-beliefs-for-mental-disorders-among-medical-and-nursing-students
#9
Louisa Picco, Esmond Seow, Boon Yiang Chua, Rathi Mahendran, Swapna Verma, Huiting Xie, Jia Wang, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
AIM: The current study aimed to investigate beliefs about help-seeking, treatment options and expected outcomes for people with alcohol abuse, dementia, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder and schizophrenia, using a vignette-based approach, among a sample of nursing and medical students. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional online study among medical and nursing students (n = 1002) who were randomly assigned 1 of 5 vignettes. Questions were asked about whom could best help the person in the vignette, the likely helpfulness of a broad range of interventions, and the likely outcome for the person in the vignette with and without appropriate help...
May 9, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739652/prolonged-length-of-stay-for-acute-hospital-admissions-as-the-increasing-of-age-a-nationwide-population-study-for-taiwan-s-patients-with-cerebral-palsy
#10
Kuo-Liang Chiang, Chin-Yin Huang, Hueng-Chuen Fan, Fang-Chuan Kuo
BACKGROUND: Studies investigating reasons for the admission and the associated lengths of stay (LOSs) among cerebral palsy (CP) patients are limited. This study determined common reasons for acute hospitalizations and the LOSs among children, adolescents, and young adults with CP. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of data. CP patients aged 4-32.9 years were identified by CP registry in the catastrophic illness patient registry of the 2010 Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database...
April 12, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739433/-because-if-we-talk-about-health-issues-first-it-is-easier-to-talk-about-human-trafficking-findings-from-a-mixed-methods-study-on-health-needs-and-service-provision-among-migrant-and-trafficked-fishermen-in-the-mekong
#11
Nicola S Pocock, Reena Tadee, Kanokwan Tharawan, Wansiri Rongrongmuang, Brett Dickson, Soksreymom Suos, Ligia Kiss, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Human trafficking in the fishing industry or "sea slavery" in the Greater Mekong Subregion is reported to involve some of the most extreme forms of exploitation and abuse. A largely unregulated sector, commercial fishing boats operate in international waters far from shore and outside of national jurisdiction, where workers are commonly subjected to life-threatening risks. Yet, research on the health needs of trafficked fishermen is sparse. This paper describes abuses, occupational hazards, physical and mental health and post-trafficking well-being among a systematic consecutive sample of 275 trafficked fishermen using post-trafficking services in Thailand and Cambodia...
May 9, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738276/psychosocial-risk-factors-and-asthma-among-adults-in-puerto-rico
#12
Yueh-Ying Han, Erick Forno, Glorisa Canino, Juan C Celedón
OBJECTIVE: Asthma and psychosocial stressors are common among Puerto Rican adults living in the United States. We estimated the prevalence of current asthma, and examined potential psychosocial risk factors and current asthma, among adults in Puerto Rico. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 3,049 Puerto Ricans aged 18-64 years living in Puerto Rico between May 2014 and June 2016. A structured interview was conducted to obtain information on demographics, lifestyles, mental disorders, and respiratory health...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736129/analysis-of-misdiagnosis-of-bipolar-disorder-in-an-outpatient-setting
#13
Hui Shen, Li Zhang, Chuchen Xu, Jinling Zhu, Meijuan Chen, Yiru Fang
Background: Bipolar disorder is a mental illness with a high misdiagnosis rate and commonly misdiagnosed as other mental disorders including depression, schizophrenia, anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorders, and personality disorders, resulting in the mistreatment of clinical symptoms and increasing of recurrent episodes. Aims: To understand the reasons for misdiagnosis of bipolar disorder in an outpatient setting in order to help clinicians more clearly identify the disease and avoid diagnostic errors...
April 25, 2018: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729390/advances-in-microstructural-diffusion-neuroimaging-for-psychiatric-disorders
#14
Ofer Pasternak, Sinead Kelly, Valerie J Sydnor, Martha E Shenton
Understanding the neuropathological underpinnings of mental disorders such as schizophrenia, major depression, and bipolar disorder is an essential step towards the development of targeted treatments. Diffusion MRI studies utilizing the diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) model have been extremely successful to date in identifying microstructural brain abnormalities in individuals suffering from mental illness, especially in regions of white matter, although identified abnormalities have been biologically non-specific...
May 2, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728293/premature-mortality-among-people-with-severe-mental-illness-new-evidence-from-linked-primary-care-data
#15
Ann John, Joanna McGregor, Ian Jones, Sze Chim Lee, James T R Walters, Michael J Owen, Michael O'Donovan, Marcos DelPozo-Banos, Damon Berridge, Keith Lloyd
Studies assessing premature mortality in people with severe mental illness (SMI) are usually based in one setting, hospital (secondary care inpatients and/or outpatients) or community (primary care). This may lead to ascertainment bias. This study aimed to estimate standardised mortality ratios (SMRs) for all-cause and cause-specific mortality in people with SMI drawn from linked primary and secondary care populations compared to the general population. SMRs were calculated using the indirect method for a United Kingdom population of almost four million between 2004 and 2013...
April 26, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725168/prevalence-of-psychiatric-illness-among-residents-of-old-age-homes-in-northern-india
#16
Shamsi Akbar, S C Tiwari, Rakesh K Tripathi, Nisha M Pandey, Ambrish Kumar
Context: There are many factors which compelled older adults to live in old age homes (OAHs) and vulnerable to psychological problems. Studies reported high prevalence of mental health problems (20%-60%) among elderlies of OAHs. Therefore, the study was conducted to explore prevalence of psychiatric illness (PI) among residents of OAHs of Northern India. Settings and Design: The present study was conducted in OAHs of Districts Bareilly, Lucknow, Varanasi, Dehradun, and Haridwar, using cross-sectional descriptive study method...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722997/provider-and-consumer-perspectives-of-community-mental-health-services-implications-for-consumer-driven-care
#17
Erin L Kelly, Lisa Davis, Sapna Mendon, Holly Kiger, Lezlie Murch, Laura Pancake, Leslie Giambone, John S Brekke
Public mental health services in the community are broad and continue to expand to address the multiple issues faced by those with serious mental illnesses. However, few studies examine and contrast how helpful consumers and providers find the spectrum of services. The present study examines the services at community mental health service clinics (CMHCs) from the perspectives of providers and consumers. There were 351 consumers and 147 providers from 15 CMHCs who rated and ranked the helpfulness of 24 types of common services...
May 3, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720133/evaluation-of-an-electronic-consultation-service-in-psychiatry-for-primary-care-providers
#18
Douglas Archibald, Julia Stratton, Clare Liddy, Rachel E Grant, Douglas Green, Erin J Keely
BACKGROUND: This study explores the effectiveness of an electronic consultation (eConsult) service between primary care providers and psychiatry, and the types and content of the clinical questions that were asked. METHODS: This is a retrospective eConsult review study. All eConsults directed to Psychiatry from July 2011 to January 2015 by Primary care providers were reviewed. Response time and the amount of time reported by the specialist to answer each eConsult was analyzed...
May 2, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719354/the-study-of-white-matter-hyperintensity-wmh-and-factors-related-to-geriatric-late-onset-depression
#19
Jinghua Wang, Wei Li, Ling Yue, Bo Hong, Na An, Guanjun Li, Shifu Xiao
Background: Geriatric depression is one of the most common and harmful mental illnesses seen in the elderly. However, there are few studies focusing on the relationship between late-onset depression (LOD) and social and psychological factors, as well as brain structure. Aims: To explore factors related to late-onset depression (LOD) in elderly patients. Methods: 24 first onset LOD patients over 60 years old (meeting ICD-10 diagnostic criteria for depression) and 23 non-depressed elders were selected for inclusion into this study...
February 25, 2018: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716665/cognitive-remediation-in-large-systems-of-psychiatric-care
#20
Alice Medalia, Alice M Saperstein, Matthew D Erlich, Lloyd I Sederer
IntroductionWith the increasing enthusiasm to provide cognitive remediation (CR) as an evidence-based practice, questions arise as to what is involved in implementing CR in a large system of care. This article describes the first statewide implementation of CR in the USA, with the goal of documenting the implementation issues that care providers are likely to face when bringing CR services to their patients. METHODS: In 2014, the New York State Office of Mental Health set up a Cognitive Health Service that could be implemented throughout the state-operated system of care...
May 2, 2018: CNS Spectrums
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