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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721705/-when-weight-influences-mental-health%C3%A2-and-reciprocally
#1
Loïck Locatelli, Leila Boulanouar, Zoltan Pataky, Alain Golay
Obesity and mental disorders are frequent diseases in our society and do not always receive the appropriate care. Moreover, it has been proved that obese people suffer more from mental disorders than the general population. This article reviews mental illnesses commonly found in obese people to raise awareness about their screening and treatment in order to improve both weight loss and the quality of life of people who are suffering from it.
March 22, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718716/estimating-the-number-of-adults-with-severe-and-persistent-mental-illness-who-have-complex-multi-agency-needs
#2
Harvey Whiteford, Bill Buckingham, Meredith Harris, Sandra Diminic, Emily Stockings, Louisa Degenhardt
OBJECTIVE: A population health approach to mental health service planning requires estimates that align interventions with the needs of people with mental illness. The primary objective was to estimate the number of people in Australia living with severe and persistent mental illness who have complex, multi-agency needs. The secondary objective was to describe the possible service needs of individuals with severe mental illness. METHODS: We disaggregated the estimated 12-month prevalence of adults with severe mental illness into needs-based sub-groups, using multiple data sources...
August 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718341/diagnostic-yield-and-outcomes-of-computed-tomography-of-the-head-in-critically-ill-nontrauma-patients
#3
Fabian Finkelmeier, Sophie Walter, Kai-Henrik Peiffer, Anjali Cremer, Andrea Tal, Thomas Vogl, Stefan Zeuzem, Stephan Fichtlscherer, Mireen Friedrich-Rust, Jörg Bojunga, Harald Farnik
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography of the head (HCT) is a widely used diagnostic tool, especially for emergency and trauma patients. However, the diagnostic yield and outcomes of HCT for patients on medical intensive care units (MICUs) are largely unknown. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated all head CTs from patients admitted to a single-center MICU during a 5-year period for CT indications, diagnostic yield, and therapeutic consequences. Uni- and multivariate analyses for the evaluation of risk factors for positive head CT were conducted...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715985/mental-disorders-among-criminal-offenders-a-review-of-the-literature
#4
Emily D Gottfried, Sheresa C Christopher
This article examines mental illness among adult, juvenile, male, female, jail, and prison inmates. It also explores the way in which mental health diagnoses impact offending and violent behavior. A review of literature pertaining to differences between the genders and age of offenders suggests that psychiatric disorders are more common among criminal offenders than the population at large. Furthermore, it appears that many mentally ill offenders do not receive sufficient treatment during their incarcerations and that barriers inherent to incarceration prevent adequate treatment of mental illnesses...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715622/weight-gain-in-psychiatric-inpatients-are-interventions-making-a-positive-impact
#5
Gwen A Levitt, Kimberly Shinault, Susan Patterson, Onyinye Otaluka
Objective: The negative impact of weight gain is a common problem facing all patients, but it is especially concerning in the seriously mentally ill population. The literature is replete with interventions to mitigate weight gain in this population; however, most focus on outpatient settings. This study was undertaken to quantify weight gain in an inpatient setting and to assess whether instituted interventions to reduce weight gain were effective. Methods: This retrospective study analyzed weight changes in adult psychiatric inpatients with length of stay of 30 days or more...
July 13, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709430/exploring-the-factor-structure-of-the-health-of-the-nation-outcomes-scale-honos-in-a-sample-of-patients-with-schizophrenia-schizotypal-and-delusional-disorders
#6
Wayne Smith, Silia Vitoratou, Paul McCrone, Anita Patel
BACKGROUND: The Health of the Nation Outcomes Scale (HoNOS) is recommended for use by the English National Service Framework for Mental Health and by the working group on outcome indicators for severe mental illnesses to the Department of Health. It was developed to measure the health and social functioning of people with severe mental illness. Since the development of the HoNOS many have debated its latent structure. This paper examines the latent structure of the HoNOS using current factor analysis techniques...
July 14, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706444/patients-conceptions-of-their-own-influence-on-good-treatment-response-to-biological-therapy-in-chronic-inflammatory-arthritis
#7
Ingrid Larsson
BACKGROUND: Biological therapies are common in the treatment of patients with chronic inflammatory arthritis (CIA). However, despite the fact that many patients respond well to their biological therapies, there are still a number of nonresponders. In order to design the best care for patients, it is important to understand how they conceive their own role in their treatment response. OBJECTIVE: To explore how patients with CIA conceive their own influence on a good treatment response to biological therapy...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704796/prison-mental-health-in-reach-teams-serious-mental-illness-and-the-care-programme-approach-in-england
#8
Charlie Brooker, Russell Webster
The delivery of prison mental health services in England is examined over the last 12 years. Resources for services have grown significantly during this period and improved organisational models for the delivery of services are now in place. During this period however the challenges of working in the prison environment have increased. The paper argues that a history of sexual abuse or violence are common amongst prisoners and the Care Programme Approach (CPA) provides the vehicle to assess these histories through the use of routine enquiry...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702952/the-nurse-patient-relationship-as-a-story-of-health-enhancement-in-community-care-a-meta-ethnography
#9
REVIEW
Maria Strandås, Terese Bondas
AIM: To explore and improve our understanding of how nurse-patient relationships can enhance patients' health by synthesizing knowledge from published qualitative studies from both patients' and nurses' perspectives in community care. BACKGROUND: While primary research showing the health benefits of the nurse-patient relationship has been reported, this knowledge has not previously been synthesized. DESIGN: Meta-ethnography. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive search of five relevant databases, without year limitation, was completed...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701184/developing-a-community-based-psycho-social-intervention-with-older-people-and-third-sector-workers-for-anxiety-and-depression-a-qualitative-study
#10
Tom Kingstone, Heather Burroughs, Bernadette Bartlam, Mo Ray, Janine Proctor, Thomas Shepherd, Peter Bullock, Carolyn Anne Chew-Graham
BACKGROUND: One-in-five people in the UK experience anxiety and/or depression in later life. However, anxiety and depression remain poorly detected in older people, particularly in those with chronic physical ill health. In the UK, a stepped care approach, to manage common mental health problems, is advocated which includes service provision from non-statutory organisations (including third/voluntary sector). However, evidence to support such provision, including the most effective interventions, is limited...
July 12, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693871/-it-s-the-first-time-i-feel-as-one-patients-experience-of-therapeutic-body-wraps-in-swiss-public-adult-inpatient-psychiatric-wards
#11
Krzysztof Skuza, Julie Dubois, Gilles Bangerter
Many patients suffering from serious mental illness experience severe anxiety, and those with psychosis often report feeling that their bodies are falling apart. Expert opinions reported relational benefits and tranquilizing effects of therapeutic body wraps (TBWs). Yet this adjunct nursing therapy has rarely been studied and the existing knowledge is limited to single clinical cases reported from clinicians' perspectives. This study reports on seven adult patients, whose independent accounts of TBWs were audio-recorded, transcribed and cross-analyzed...
August 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693718/partners-in-recovery-program-evaluation-changes-in-unmet-needs-and-recovery
#12
Nicola Hancock, Justin Newton Scanlan, James A Gillespie, Jennifer Smith-Merry, Ivy Yen
Objective Partners in Recovery (PIR) is an Australian government initiative designed to provide support and service linkage for individuals with complex needs living with severe and persistent mental illness. The aim of the present study was to examine whether consumers engaged in PIR programs in two large regions of Sydney experienced: (1) a reduction in unmet needs (either via self- or staff report); and (2) progress in their self-reported mental health recovery.Methods Unmet needs were measured using the Camberwell Assessment of Need Short Appraisal Scale and recovery was measured using the Recovery Assessment Scale - Domains and Stages...
July 11, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692781/depression-as-a-risk-factor-of-organic-diseases-an-international-integrative-review
#13
Teodora Bica, Ruth Castelló, Loren L Toussaint, Pilar Montesó-Curto
PURPOSE AND DESIGN: This integrative review offers a systematic synthesis of the international literature regarding the role of depression as a risk factor in physical illnesses and the mechanisms of this connection. Special attention is paid to those modifiable factors. FINDINGS: Published studies of depression and physical illness and disease(N = 24) from five countries that were indexed in PubMed, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), APA PsycNET, Scopus, Dialnet, and CUIDEN were examined...
July 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691768/microbiome-inflammation-epigenetic-alterations-and-mental-diseases
#14
REVIEW
Reza Alam, Hamid M Abdolmaleky, Jin-Rong Zhou
Major mental diseases such as autism, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and major depressive disorder are debilitating illnesses with complex etiologies. Recent findings show that the onset and development of these illnesses cannot be well described by the one-gene; one-disease approach. Instead, their clinical presentation is thought to result from the regulative interplay of a large number of genes. Even though the involvement of many genes are likely, up regulating and activation or down regulation and silencing of these genes by the environmental factors play a crucial role in contributing to their pathogenesis...
July 10, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690972/computational-psychiatry-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#15
Sarah K Fineberg, Dylan Stahl, Philip Corlett
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review the literature on the use and potential use of computational psychiatry methods in Borderline Personality Disorder. RECENT FINDINGS: Computational approaches have been used in psychiatry to increase our understanding of the molecular, circuit, and behavioral basis of mental illness. This is of particular interest in BPD, where the collection of ecologically valid data, especially in interpersonal settings, is becoming more common and more often subject to quantification...
March 2017: Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681740/cognition-in-advanced-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus-a-pilot-study-from-south-india
#16
Robert Mathew, Sauda Pavithran
BACKGROUND: Literature on cognition in normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is sparse and more so on cognition in advanced NPH. OBJECTIVE: To study the cognitive profile in a hospital-based cohort of cognitively-advanced NPH. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was a prospective cross-sectional study. The patients included those availing dementia care service from three different tertiary care centres during a period of 5 years from 2010 to 2014. Patients were considered to have cognitively-advanced NPH if the Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination(ACE) score was 50 or less...
July 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677160/risk-factors-for-the-incidence-of-delirium-in-cerebrovascular-patients-in-a-neurosurgery-intensive-care-unit-icu-a-prospective-study
#17
Jun Wang, Yuanyuan Ji, Ning Wang, Wenjin Chen, Yuehong Bao, Qinpu Qin, Qian Xiao, Shulan Li
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the incidence of delirium in cerebrovascular patients admitted in our Neurosurgery Intensive Care Unit (NICU) and analyze the risk factors leading to delirium. BACKGROUND: Delirium is one of the most common mental disorders in general hospitals, but the incidence of different kinds of diseases and studies varies. Cerebrovascular patients in our NICU are high-risk groups for delirium; identifying risk factors for delirium and taking early interventions are crucial for patient prognosis...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675946/well-being-and-perceptions-of-everyday-activities-among-those-who-attend-community-based-day-centres-for-people-with-mental-illness-in-sweden-does-an-immigrant-background-make-a-difference
#18
Parvin Pooremamali, Mona Eklund
BACKGROUND: Community-based day centres (CBDCs) for people with mental illness are a common service for both people with an immigrant background and native Swedes. AIM: The aim was to compare CBDC attendees with an immigrant background with attendees who were native Swedes in terms of well-being and perceptions of everyday activities and investigate whether ethnic background could predict these factors. METHODS: Attendees at nine CBDCs were invited to participate...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675321/the-impact-of-a-person-centred-community-pharmacy-mental-health-medication-support-service-on-consumer-outcomes
#19
Sara S McMillan, Fiona Kelly, H Laetitia Hattingh, Jane L Fowler, Gabor Mihala, Amanda J Wheeler
BACKGROUND: Mental illness is a worldwide health priority. As medication is commonly used to treat mental illness, community pharmacy staff is well placed to assist consumers. AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of a multifaceted, community pharmacy medication support service for mental health consumers. METHOD: Pharmacists and pharmacy support staff in three Australian states were trained to deliver a flexible, goal-oriented medication support service for adults with mental illness over 3-6 months...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674681/myalgic-encephalomyelitis-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-diagnosis-and-management-in-young-people-a-primer
#20
REVIEW
Peter C Rowe, Rosemary A Underhill, Kenneth J Friedman, Alan Gurwitt, Marvin S Medow, Malcolm S Schwartz, Nigel Speight, Julian M Stewart, Rosamund Vallings, Katherine S Rowe
Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) is a complex disease that affects children and adolescents as well as adults. The etiology has not been established. While many pediatricians and other health-care providers are aware of ME/CFS, they often lack essential knowledge that is necessary for diagnosis and treatment. Many young patients experience symptoms for years before receiving a diagnosis. This primer, written by the International Writing Group for Pediatric ME/CFS, provides information necessary to understand, diagnose, and manage the symptoms of ME/CFS in children and adolescents...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
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