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Cognitive behavioural therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718865/-low-intensity-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-li-cbt-an-introduction-in-concepts-and-framework
#1
Pascal Wabnitz, Michael Löhr, André Nienaber, Bruno Hemkendreis, Klaus Thomas Kronmüller, Michael Schulz
Low-intensity cognitive behavioural therapy (LI-CBT) depicts interventions that aim at increasing access to evidence-based psychological therapies. This is achieved by (1) reducing the amount of time in which the practitioner is in contact with individual patients, (2) using practitioners that have been specifically trained to deliver low intensity interventions and without any prior formal health professional qualifications and (3) use of interventions with varying intensity. Stepped care and collaborative care constitute the organizational frame to deliver low-intensity interventions...
June 29, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716789/identification-of-the-delivery-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-psychosis-cbtp-using-a-cross-sectional-sample-from-electronic-health-records-and-open-text-information-in-a-large-uk-based-mental-health-case-register
#2
Craig Colling, Lauren Evans, Matthew Broadbent, David Chandran, Thomas J Craig, Anna Kolliakou, Robert Stewart, Philippa A Garety
OBJECTIVE: Our primary objective was to identify cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) delivery for people with psychosis (CBTp) using an automated method in a large electronic health record database. We also examined what proportion of service users with a diagnosis of psychosis were recorded as having received CBTp within their episode of care during defined time periods provided by early intervention or promoting recovery community services for people with psychosis, compared with published audits and whether demographic characteristics differentially predicted the receipt of CBTp...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714775/the-implementation-of-guided-internet-based-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-panic-disorder-in-a-routine-care-setting-effectiveness-and-implementation-efforts
#3
Tine Nordgreen, Rolf Gjestad, Gerhard Andersson, Per Carlbring, Odd E Havik
Panic disorder is a common mental disorder. Guided Internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy (Guided Internet-based cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT)) is a promising approach to reach more people in need of help. In the present effectiveness study, we investigated the outcome of guided ICBT for panic disorder after implementation in routine care. A total of 124 patients were included in the study, of which 114 started the treatment. Large within-group effect sizes were observed on the primary panic disorder symptoms (post-treatment: d = 1...
July 17, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714321/zoophilia-in-an-adolescent-with-high-functioning-autism-from-sri-lanka
#4
Miyuru Chandradasa, Layani Champika
OBJECTIVE: Zoophilia is a rare paraphilic disorder with intense sexual urges involving animals. Autism is characterised by impairments in social communication and repetitive, restricted behaviours (RRB). Reported cases of zoophilia are limited worldwide, and zoophilia in autism is rarer. METHOD: This is a case report describing this unique and relatively unrecognised association in a male adolescent from Sri Lanka. RESULTS: A 17-year-old boy diagnosed with autism has average intelligence and academic capabilities...
July 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710902/a-brief-psychological-intervention-for-mothers-of-children-with-food-allergy-can-change-risk-perception-and-reduce-anxiety-outcomes-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Robert J Boyle, Thisanayagam Umasunthar, Jared G Smith, Heather Hanna, Annabella Procktor, Katherine Phillips, Camila Pinto, Claudia Gore, Helen E Cox, John O Warner, Bea Vickers, Matthew Hodes
BACKGROUND: Mothers of children with food allergy have increased anxiety, which may be influenced by healthcare professionals' communication of risk. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a brief psychological intervention for reducing anxiety in mothers of children with food allergy. METHODS: Two hundred mothers of children with food allergy were recruited from allergy clinics. A computer-generated randomization list was used to allocate participants to a single-session Cognitive Behavioural Therapy intervention including a risk communication module, or standard care...
July 15, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707407/symptom-fluctuations-self-esteem-and-cohesion-during-group-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-early-psychosis
#6
Tania Lecomte, Claude Leclerc, Til Wykes
Group cohesion has been linked to positive changes in self-esteem and in symptoms during group psychotherapy in people with psychosis. These changes may be linked to changes in symptoms as fluctuations in self-esteem have been linked to symptom fluctuations. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the relationship between these three factors - group cohesion, self-esteem, and symptoms - during group cognitive behaviour therapy for psychosis (GCBTp). We hypothesized that group cohesion would precede changes in symptoms and self-esteem and that improvements in self-esteem would precede improvements in symptoms...
July 14, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703017/cpa-treatment-guidelines-on-psychosocial-treatment-of-schizophrenia-in-adults
#7
Ross Norman, Tania Lecomte, Donald Addington, Elizabeth Anderson
OBJECTIVE: It is generally recognised that psychosocial interventions are essential components of the effective treatment of schizophrenia in adults. A considerable body of research is being published regarding the effectiveness of such interventions. In the current article, we derive recommendations reflecting the current state of evidence for their effectiveness. METHODS: Recommendations were formulated on the basis of a review of relevant guidelines, particularly those formulated by the Scottish Intercollegiate Guideline Network (SIGN) and National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE)...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701336/internet-based-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-young-people-with-suicide-related-behaviour-reframe-it-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Sarah E Hetrick, Hok P Yuen, Eleanor Bailey, Georgina R Cox, Kate Templer, Simon M Rice, Sarah Bendall, Jo Robinson
BACKGROUND: Suicide-related behaviours are common in young people and associated with a range of negative outcomes. There are few evidence-based interventions; however, cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) shows promise. Internet delivery of CBT is popular, with potential to increase reach and accessibility. OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of an internet-based CBT program (Reframe-IT) in reducing suicide-related behaviours, depression, anxiety, hopelessness and improving problem solving and cognitive and behavioural skills in school students with suicide-related behaviours...
July 12, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700715/the-pharmacological-and-non-pharmacological-treatment-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-with-network-meta-analyses-of-randomised-trials
#9
Ferrán Catalá-López, Brian Hutton, Amparo Núñez-Beltrán, Matthew J Page, Manuel Ridao, Diego Macías Saint-Gerons, Miguel A Catalá, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos, David Moher
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most commonly diagnosed psychiatric disorders in childhood. A wide variety of treatments have been used for the management of ADHD. We aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of pharmacological, psychological and complementary and alternative medicine interventions for the treatment of ADHD in children and adolescents. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We performed a systematic review with network meta-analyses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698326/miyoga-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-mindfulness-movement-programme-based-on-hatha-yoga-principles-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-study-protocol
#10
Catherine Mak, Koa Whittingham, Ross Cunnington, Roslyn N Boyd
INTRODUCTION: Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common childhood physical disability, with life-long impacts for 1.77 in 1000 children. Although CP is primarily a physical disability, children with CP have an increased risk of experiencing cognitive difficulties, particularly attention and executive function deficits. Impairment in cognitive abilities can lead to subsequent impairment in independent functioning, education, employment and interpersonal relationships. This paper reports the protocol of a randomised controlled trial of a novel family-centred lifestyle intervention based on mindfulness and hatha yoga principles (MiYoga)...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696153/efficacy-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-delivered-over-the-internet-for-depressive-symptoms-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Dina M Sztein, Charles E Koransky, Leah Fegan, Seth Himelhoch
Introduction Cognitive behavioural therapy has been shown to improve depressive symptoms in adults with mild to moderate depression. To overcome many of the barriers associated with delivering this treatment, attempts have been made to deliver cognitive behavioural therapy via the Internet. The objective of this meta-analysis is to assess whether Internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy delivered to adults with depressive symptoms leads to a reduction in these symptoms as compared to those who receive no therapy...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691520/caring-for-me-and-you-the-co-production-of-a-computerised-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-ccbt-package-for-carers-of-people-with-dementia
#12
Susie A Hales, Jane Fossey
OBJECTIVES: Carers of people with dementia face barriers in accessing therapy for mental health difficulties. Computerised cognitive behavioural therapy (cCBT) packages can be effective in treating a range of presentations; however, tailored packages for carers' unique needs are lacking. Our aim was to design a cCBT package for carers to address the limitations of previous online interventions, by including users and experts as consultants and collaborators throughout the project. METHOD: We adopted a three-phase approach to the development process...
July 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686935/effectiveness-of-an-individually-tailored-computerised-cbt-programme-deprexis-for-depression-a-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Conal Twomey, Gary O'Reilly, Björn Meyer
Computerised cognitive behavioural therapy (cCBT) programmes differ widely but have rarely been evaluated separately through meta-analysis. Through a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials, we investigated the effectiveness of 'Deprexis', an unconventional and individually-tailored cCBT programme for depression. Comparisons from eight studies (N = 2402) demonstrated the effectiveness of Deprexis for depressive symptoms at post-intervention, with a medium effect size (g = 0.54, 95% CI: 0.39-0.69). Analogous results arose when study quality, screening, and randomisation procedure were taken into account...
June 27, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683882/-benefits-and-challenges-of-ehealth-in-depression
#14
Lila Mekaoui
Depression is a common and debilitating pathology with a significant socioeconomic impact. Early and optimal treatment can help to reduce its progression towards chronicity and long-term cognitive disorders. In the context of falling numbers of medical professionals and the poor provision of validated tools, such as cognitive behavioural therapy, the use of eHealth in depression presents a clear benefit in terms of diagnostic efficacy, patient autonomy, prevention of relapse and health care costs. Innovation must however be associated with ethical deliberation, which respects the patients and their needs...
July 2017: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682800/advances-in-psychological-interventions-for-lifestyle-disorders-overview-of-interventions-in-cardiovascular-disorder-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Paulomi M Sudhir
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review examines the recent advances in psychological interventions for two major lifestyle disorders in adults namely, type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disorders. The review summarizes findings from studies carried out between the years 2015 and 2017. RECENT FINDINGS: The effectiveness of psychological interventions in the management of lifestyle disorders has been examined with respect to adaptation, self-care, adherence, negative emotions and improving quality of life...
July 5, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681717/clinical-effectiveness-cost-effectiveness-and-acceptability-of-low-intensity-interventions-in-the-management-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-the-obsessive-compulsive-treatment-efficacy-randomised-controlled-trial-octet
#16
Karina Lovell, Peter Bower, Judith Gellatly, Sarah Byford, Penny Bee, Dean McMillan, Catherine Arundel, Simon Gilbody, Lina Gega, Gillian Hardy, Shirley Reynolds, Michael Barkham, Patricia Mottram, Nicola Lidbetter, Rebecca Pedley, Jo Molle, Emily Peckham, Jasmin Knopp-Hoffer, Owen Price, Janice Connell, Margaret Heslin, Christopher Foley, Faye Plummer, Christopher Roberts
BACKGROUND: The Obsessive-Compulsive Treatment Efficacy randomised controlled Trial emerged from a research recommendation in National Institute for Health and Care Excellence obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) guidelines, which specified the need to evaluate cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) treatment intensity formats. OBJECTIVES: To determine the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of two low-intensity CBT interventions [supported computerised cognitive-behavioural therapy (cCBT) and guided self-help]: (1) compared with waiting list for high-intensity CBT in adults with OCD at 3 months; and (2) plus high-intensity CBT compared with waiting list plus high-intensity CBT in adults with OCD at 12 months...
June 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681616/depression-in-multiple-sclerosis
#17
Scott B Patten, Ruth Ann Marrie, Mauro G Carta
Depressive disorders occur in up to 50% of people living with multiple sclerosis (MS). Prevalence estimates are generally 2-3-times higher than those of the general population. Myriad aetiologic factors may contribute to the aetiology of depression in MS including biological mechanisms (e.g. hippocampal microglial activation, lesion burden, regional atrophy), as well as the stressors, threats, and losses that accompany living with an unpredictable and often disabling disease. Some prominent risk factors for depression such as (younger) age, (female) sex, and family history of depression are less consistently associated with depression in MS than they are in the general population...
July 6, 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678448/-psychotherapy-training-for-psychiatrists-issues-and-challenges
#18
Jean-Nicolas Despland, Alessandra Duc Marwood, Fabrice Herrera, Giorgio Enrico Maccaferri
Since the adoption of the Swiss psychiatrist and psychotherapist double title in 1961, the medical training in psychotherapy must obey specific requirements. In parallel to the clinical practice, the supervisions and the personal experience, 180 hours of theoretical training are required, in each of the psychotherapeutic orientations chosen by the medical doctor (psychodynamic, family / systemic and behavioural and cognitive therapies). Even though the effectiveness of these treatments is well established and there is no significant difference between psychotherapeutic schools in this respect, the choice of an orientation for psychotherapy training requires an adequate pedagogic process, both on the theoretical side, and in the ability to choose a suitable form of psychotherapeutic treatment adapted to the psychiatrist's conversational style...
September 21, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675695/predictors-of-treatment-response-to-psychological-interventions-in-people-at-clinical-high-risk-of-first-episode-psychosis
#19
Helen Wessels, Michael Wagner, Kathrin Kuhr, Julia Berning, Verena Pützfeld, Birgit Janssen, Ronald Bottlender, Kurt Maurer, Hans-Jürgen Möller, Wolfgang Gaebel, Heinz Häfner, Wolfgang Maier, Joachim Klosterkötter, Andreas Bechdolf
AIM: Psychological interventions, such as cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and supportive counselling (SC), are used to treat people with schizophrenia and people at clinical high risk (CHR) of psychosis. However, little information is available on predictors of treatment response. This study aims to identify such predictors of psychological interventions in CHR. METHODS: A total of 128 help-seeking CHR outpatients were randomized into two groups-integrated psychological intervention (IPI), including CBT, and SC-for 12 months...
July 4, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674627/clinical-and-cost-effectiveness-of-adapted-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-non-cardiac-chest-pain-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Peter Tyrer, Helen Tyrer, Richard Morriss, Michael Crawford, Sylvia Cooper, Min Yang, Boliang Guo, Roger T Mulder, Samuel Kemp, Barbara Barrett
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cost-effectiveness of a modified form of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for recurrent non-cardiac chest pain. METHODS: We tested the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a modified form of CBT for chest pain (CBT-CP)(4-10 sessions) in patients who attended cardiology clinics or emergency medical services repeatedly. Patients were randomised using a remote web-based system to CBT-CP or to standard care in the clinic. Assessments were made at baseline and at 6 months and 12 months...
2017: Open Heart
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