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Cognitive behavioural therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779855/transportability-of-imagery-enhanced-cbt-for-social-anxiety-disorder
#1
Peter M McEvoy, David M Erceg-Hurn, Kevin C Barber, Jessica R Dupasquier, David A Moscovitch
Pilot and open trials suggest that imagery-enhanced group cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) is highly effective for social anxiety disorder (SAD). However, before being considered reliable and generalisable, the effects of the intervention need to be replicated by clinicians in a setting that is independent of the protocol developers. The current study compared outcomes from clients with a principal diagnosis of SAD at the Australian clinic where the protocol was developed (n = 123) to those from an independent Canadian clinic (n = 46) to investigate whether the large effects would generalise...
May 14, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776349/randomised-controlled-trial-rct-of-cannabinoid-replacement-therapy-nabiximols-for-the-management-of-treatment-resistant-cannabis-dependent-patients-a-study-protocol
#2
Anjali K Bhardwaj, David J Allsop, Jan Copeland, Iain S McGregor, Adrian Dunlop, Marian Shanahan, Raimondo Bruno, Nghi Phung, Mark Montebello, Craig Sadler, Jessica Gugusheff, Melissa Jackson, Jennifer Luksza, Nicholas Lintzeris
BACKGROUND: The cannabis extract nabiximols (Sativex®) effectively supresses withdrawal symptoms and cravings in treatment resistant cannabis dependent individuals, who have high relapse rates following conventional withdrawal treatments. This study examines the efficacy, safety and cost-effectiveness of longer-term nabiximols treatment for outpatient cannabis dependent patients who have not responded to previous conventional treatment approaches. METHODS/DESIGN: A phase III multi-site outpatient, randomised, double-blinded, placebo controlled parallel design, comparing a 12-week course of nabiximols to placebo, with follow up at 24 weeks after enrolment...
May 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769157/the-role-of-performance-quality-in-adolescents-self-evaluation-and-rumination-after-a-speech-is-it-contingent-on-social-anxiety-level
#3
Anke W Blöte, Anne C Miers, Esther Van den Bos, P Michiel Westenberg
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) has relatively poor outcomes for youth with social anxiety, possibly because broad-based CBT is not tailored to their specific needs. Treatment of social anxiety in youth may need to pay more attention to negative social cognitions that are considered a key factor in social anxiety development and maintenance. AIMS: The aim of the present study was to learn more about the role of performance quality in adolescents' cognitions about their social performance and, in particular, the moderating role social anxiety plays in the relationship between performance quality and self-cognitions...
May 17, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764868/systematic-review-of-rehabilitation-intervention-outcomes-of-adult-and-paediatric-patients-with-infectious-encephalitis
#4
Shanice Christie, Vincy Chan, Tatyana Mollayeva, Angela Colantonio
OBJECTIVE: Although a range of rehabilitation interventions have been applied to restore function after infectious encephalitis, there is a lack of literature summarising the benefits of these interventions. This systematic review aims to synthesise current scientific knowledge on outcome measures following rehabilitative interventions among children and adults with infectious encephalitis, with a specific focus on the influence of the age, sex, baseline status and intervention type. SEARCH STRATEGY: Five scholarly databases (MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials), three sources of grey literature (Google, Google Scholar and Grey Matters) and reference lists of included publications were systematically searched...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761754/pathways-to-recovery-development-and-evaluation-of-a-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-in-patient-treatment-programme-for-adults-with-anorexia-nervosa
#5
Andrea Brown, Richard Jenkinson, Julia Coakes, Annette Cockfield, Tish O'Brien, Louise Hall
Aims and methodA cognitive-behavioural therapy in-patient treatment model for adults with severe anorexia nervosa was developed and evaluated, and outcomes were compared with the previous treatment model and other published outcomes from similar settings. RESULTS: This study showed the Pathways to Recovery outcomes were positive in terms of improvements in body mass index and psychopathology.Clinical implicationsAdults with anorexia nervosa can achieve good outcomes despite longer illness duration and comorbidities...
June 2018: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761488/psychological-therapies-for-treatment-resistant-depression-in-adults
#6
REVIEW
Sharea Ijaz, Philippa Davies, Catherine J Williams, David Kessler, Glyn Lewis, Nicola Wiles
BACKGROUND: Antidepressants are a first-line treatment for adults with moderate to severe major depression. However, many people prescribed antidepressants for depression don't respond fully to such medication, and little evidence is available to inform the most appropriate 'next step' treatment for such patients, who may be referred to as having treatment-resistant depression (TRD). National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidance suggests that the 'next step' for those who do not respond to antidepressants may include a change in the dose or type of antidepressant medication, the addition of another medication, or the start of psychotherapy...
May 14, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754157/-patient-satisfaction-with-procedural-sedation-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#7
J T Deferm, M Burger, T Prudon, M van Bergen, M Vaneker, W A Borstlap
Fear of treatment by an oral and maxillofacial (OMF) surgeon or the dentist is a widespread and deep-rooted phenomenon. A patient can be taught to cope with dental phobia by means of psychological, cognitive behavioural therapy, but in cases of invasive oral treatment, such therapy may be insufficiently effective. For these invasive procedures, sedation serves as an alternative treatment option. The department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at the Radboud University Medical Centre in Nijmegen, the Netherlands, offers the possibility to utilise intravenous sedation with midazolam (Dormicum®) and remifentanil (Ultiva®)...
May 2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749710/attenuated-psychotic-symptom-interventions-in-youth-at-risk-of-psychosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Daniel J Devoe, Megan S Farris, Parker Townes, Jean Addington
AIM: Attenuated psychotic symptoms (APSs) have been the primary emphasis in youth at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis for assessing symptomology and determining subsequent transition to a psychotic disorder. Previous reviews primarily focused on the efficacy of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) on APS; however, a comprehensive assessment of other interventions to date is lacking. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of all intervention studies examining APS in CHR youth...
May 11, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747575/assessing-treatment-fidelity-and-contamination-in-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-motivational-interviewing-and-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-skills-in-type-2-diabetes
#9
Nicholas Magill, Helen Graves, Nicole de Zoysa, Kirsty Winkley, Stephanie Amiel, Emma Shuttlewood, Sabine Landau, Khalida Ismail
BACKGROUND: Competencies in psychological techniques delivered by primary care nurses to support diabetes self-management were compared between the intervention and control arms of a cluster randomised controlled trial as part of a process evaluation. The trial was pragmatic and designed to assess effectiveness. This article addresses the question of whether the care that was delivered in the intervention and control trial arms represented high fidelity treatment and attention control, respectively...
May 10, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742910/an-overview-of-animal-models-related-to-schizophrenia
#10
Ian R Winship, Serdar M Dursun, Glen B Baker, Priscila A Balista, Ludmyla Kandratavicius, Joao Paulo Maia-de-Oliveira, Jaime Hallak, John G Howland
Schizophrenia is a heterogeneous psychiatric disorder that is poorly treated with current therapies. In this brief review, we provide an update regarding the use of animal models to study schizophrenia in an attempt to understand its aetiology and develop novel therapeutic strategies. Tremendous progress has been made developing and validating rodent models that replicate the aetiologies, brain pathologies, and behavioural abnormalities associated with schizophrenia in humans. Here, models are grouped into 3 categories-developmental, drug induced, and genetic-to reflect the heterogeneous risk factors associated with schizophrenia...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740000/ameliorative-potential-of-desalted-salicornia-europaea-l-extract-in-multifaceted-alzheimer-s-like-scopolamine-induced-amnesic-mice-model
#11
Govindarajan Karthivashan, Shin-Young Park, Mee-Hyang Kweon, Joonsoo Kim, Md Ezazul Haque, Duk-Yeon Cho, In-Su Kim, Eun-Ah Cho, Palanivel Ganesan, Dong-Kug Choi
The Salicornia europaea L. (SE) plant is a halophyte that has been widely consumed as a seasoned vegetable, and it has been recently reported to counteract chronic diseases related to oxidative and inflammatory stress. In this study, we performed an initial phytochemical analysis with in vitro biochemical tests and chromatographic profiling of desalted and enzyme-digested SE ethanol extract (SE-EE). Subsequently, we evaluated the anti-neuroinflammatory and ameliorative potential of SE-EE in LPS-inflicted BV-2 microglial cells and scopolamine-induced amnesic C57/BL6N mice, respectively...
May 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739384/menos4-trial-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-rct-of-a-breast-care-nurse-delivered-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-cbt-intervention-to-reduce-the-impact-of-hot-flushes-in-women-with-breast-cancer-study-protocol
#12
Deborah Fenlon, Jacqueline Nuttall, Carl May, James Raftery, Jo Fields, Emma Kirkpatrick, Julia Abab, Mary Ellis, Taylor Rose, Priya Khambhaita, Angeliki Galanopoulou, Tom Maishman, Jo Haviland, Gareth Griffiths, Lesley Turner, Myra Hunter
BACKGROUND: Women who have been treated for breast cancer may identify vasomotor symptoms, such as hot flushes and night sweats (HFNS), as a serious problem. HFNS are unpleasant to experience and can have a significant impact on daily life, potentially leading to reduced adherence to life saving adjuvant hormonal therapy. It is known that Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is effective for the alleviation of hot flushes in both well women and women who have had breast cancer. Most women with breast cancer will see a breast care nurse and there is evidence that nurses can be trained to deliver psychological treatments to a satisfactory level, whilst also maintaining treatment fidelity...
May 8, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736913/effects-of-caffeine-on-behavioural-and-cognitive-deficits-in-rats
#13
Melissa S Assis, Aluízio C Soares, Dircilei N de Sousa, João Eudes-Filho, Lilian Rosana F Faro, Fabiana P Carneiro, Mônica V da Silva, Andrea B Motoyama, Greice Maria R de Souza, Stéphanie Marchiori, Nadyelle T de Lima, Raphael Boëchat-Barros, Vania M Ferreira
There are many studies that have sought to find drug therapies to prevent harm arising from sepsis. Such studies have represented a progress in the support to septic patients and also in the development of new pharmacological alternatives. Our interest was to investigate the caffeine effect on sepsis behavioural and memory impairments. Male rats were anaesthetized and the surgery was made to allow exposure of the cecum, which was then squeezed to extrude a small amount of faeces from the perforation site, which was later placed back into the peritoneal cavity...
May 7, 2018: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735512/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-does-not-meaningfully-reduce-depression-in-most-people-with-epilepsy-a-systematic-review-of-clinically-reliable-improvement
#14
REVIEW
Adam J Noble, James Reilly, James Temple, Peter L Fisher
Psychological treatment is recommended for depression and anxiety in those with epilepsy. This review used standardised criteria to evaluate, for the first time, the clinical relevance of any symptom change these treatments afford patients. Databases were searched until March 2017 for relevant trials in adults. Trial quality was assessed and trial authors asked for individual participants' pre-treatment and post-treatment distress data. Jacobson's methodology determined the proportion in the different trial arms demonstrating reliable symptom change on primary and secondary outcome measures and its direction...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734740/mood-regulation-focused-cbt-based-on-memory-reconsolidation-reduced-suicidal-ideation-and-depression-in-youth-in-a-randomised-controlled-study
#15
Göran Högberg, Tore Hällström
Suicide attempts and suicidal ideation in adolescence are considered to be related to suicide and psychiatric adversity later in life. Secondary prevention by improving the treatment of suicidal youth is a distinct possibility. In this study, treatment with a systematised mood-regulation focused cognitive behavioural therapy (MR-CBT) (n = 15) was compared with treatment as usual (TAU) (n = 12) in a group of depressed adolescents in a clinical setting. MR-CBT focuses on mood regulation by means of counter conditioning with memory reconsolidation being the proposed mechanism of change...
May 5, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733882/basal-ganglia-and-beyond-the-interplay-between-motor-and-cognitive-aspects-in-parkinson-s-disease-rehabilitation
#16
REVIEW
Davide Ferrazzoli, Paola Ortelli, Graziella Madeo, Nir Giladi, Giselle M Petzinger, Giuseppe Frazzitta
Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by motor and cognitive dysfunctions, affecting the motor behaviour. We summarize evidence that the interplay between motor and cognitive approaches is crucial in PD rehabilitation. Rehabilitation is complementary to pharmacological therapy and effective in reducing the PD disturbances, probably acting by inducing neuroplastic effects. The motor behaviour results from a complex integration between cortical and subcortical areas, underlying the motor, cognitive and motivational aspects of movement...
May 4, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729686/treatments-for-bulimia-nervosa-a-network-meta-analysis
#17
Eric Slade, Edna Keeney, Ifigeneia Mavranezouli, Sofia Dias, Linyun Fou, Sarah Stockton, Leanne Saxon, Glenn Waller, Hannah Turner, Lucy Serpell, Christopher G Fairburn, Tim Kendall
BACKGROUND: Bulimia nervosa (BN) is a severe eating disorder that can be managed using a variety of treatments including pharmacological, psychological, and combination treatments. We aimed to compare their effectiveness and to identify the most effective for the treatment of BN in adults. METHODS: A search was conducted in Embase, Medline, PsycINFO, and Central from their inception to July 2016. Studies were included if they reported on treatments for adults who fulfilled diagnostic criteria for BN...
May 6, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728871/psychological-interventions-in-psychosis-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Nefeli Anagnostopoulou, Marinos Kyriakopoulos, Anca Alba
BACKGROUND: Early onset psychosis (EOP), referring to psychosis with onset before the age of 18 years, is a more severe form of psychosis associated with worse prognosis. While medication is the treatment of choice, psychological interventions are also considered to have an important role in the management of symptoms and disability associated with this condition. The present review aimed to explore the effectiveness of such interventions. METHOD: An electronic search was conducted on the Embase, Medline, and PsychInfo databases for papers of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) referring to psychological interventions in EOP...
May 4, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722919/computer-assisted-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-the-experiences-of-adults-who-have-an-intellectual-disability-and-anxiety-or-depression
#19
Patricia Cooney, Catherine Jackman, Conall Tunney, David Coyle, Gary O'Reilly
BACKGROUND: Despite its evidence base in the general population, computerized cognitive behavioural therapy (cCBT) has not yet been adapted for use with people with intellectual disability. This study aimed to explore the experiences of adults with an intellectual disability who played a cCBT program. METHOD: Twenty-four adults (with a mild or moderate intellectual disability and clinically significant anxiety or depression) who were in the treatment arm of a pilot randomized controlled trial evaluating the cCBT program were individually interviewed...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722613/a-comparison-between-the-clinical-significance-and-growth-mixture-modelling-early-change-methods-at-predicting-negative-outcomes
#20
Nicola Flood, Andrew Page, Geoff Hooke
OBJECTIVE: Routine outcome monitoring benefits treatment by identifying potential no change and deterioration. The present study compared two methods of identifying early change and their ability to predict negative outcomes on self-report symptom and wellbeing measures. METHOD: 1467 voluntary day patients participated in a 10-day group Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) program and completed the symptom and wellbeing measures daily. Early change, as defined by (a) the clinical significance method and (b) longitudinal modelling, was compared on each measure...
May 3, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
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