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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455605/how-can-geography-and-mobile-phones-contribute-to-psychotherapy
#1
Carlos Ferrás, Yolanda García, Adrián Aguilera, Álvaro Rocha
Interdisciplinary relationships between Geography and Psychotherapy are an opportunity for innovation. Indeed, scientific works found on bibliographic databases and concerning this theme are scarce. Geographical sub-fields, such as the Geography of Emotions or Psychoanalytical Geography have started to emerge, theorizing about and interpreting feelings, emotions, moods, sufferings, of the chronically ill or diversified social groups and sites. But a less theoretical and more practical approach, in the sense of proposing, predicting and intervening, is lacking; as well as research into the possibilities offered by communication technologies and mobile phones...
June 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455249/predictors-of-treatment-outcome-in-contextual-cognitive-and-behavioural-therapies-for-chronic-pain-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Helen R Gilpin, Alexandra Keyes, Daniel R Stahl, Riannon Greig, Lance M McCracken
There is increasing evidence that Contextual forms of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) are effective in the management of chronic pain, yet little is understood about the factors that moderate or predict outcomes in these treatments. This systematic review aimed to identify pre-treatment participant characteristics associated with positive treatment responses in Contextual CBT for chronic pain. Medline, EMBASE, PsychINFO and CENTRAL were searched to identify eligible studies. Studies were included if the participants were adults with chronic pain, designs were longitudinal, treatments focused on psychological flexibility or mindfulness, and reported results allowed for examination of moderators or predictors of standard treatment outcomes...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454990/brain-disease-connectivity-plasticity-and-cognitive-therapy-a-neurological-view-of-mental-disorders
#3
G Lubrini, A Martín-Montes, O Díez-Ascaso, E Díez-Tejedor
INTRODUCTION: Our conception of the mind-brain relationship has evolved from the traditional idea of dualism to current evidence that mental functions result from brain activity. This paradigm shift, combined with recent advances in neuroimaging, has led to a novel definition of brain functioning in terms of structural and functional connectivity. The purpose of this literature review is to describe the relationship between connectivity, brain lesions, cerebral plasticity, and functional recovery...
April 25, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454583/lymphoma-intervention-live-patient-reported-outcome-feedback-and-a-web-based-self-management-intervention-for-patients-with-lymphoma-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Lindy P J Arts, Lonneke V van de Poll-Franse, Sanne W van den Berg, Judith B Prins, Olga Husson, Floortje Mols, Angelique V M Brands-Nijenhuis, Lidwine Tick, Simone Oerlemans
BACKGROUND: Patients with lymphoma are at risk of experiencing adverse physical and psychosocial problems from their cancer and its treatment. Regular screening of these symptoms by the use of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) could increase timely recognition and adequate symptom management. Moreover, self-management interventions intend to enhance knowledge and skills and empower patients to better manage their disease and related problems. The objective of the Lymphoma InterVEntion (LIVE) trial is to examine whether feedback to patients on their PROs and access to a web-based, self-management intervention named Living with lymphoma will increase self-management skills and satisfaction with information, and reduce psychological distress...
April 28, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452661/befriending-to-relieve-anxiety-and-depression-associated-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-a-case-report
#5
Marcia Fearn, Sunil Bhar, David Dunt, David Ames, Emily You, Colleen Doyle
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic lung disease characterized by airflow obstruction and shortness of breath, which as a result can severely limit activities of daily living. COPD sufferers are 85% more likely to develop anxiety disorders than healthy matched controls. Some of the factors that have been suggested to be associated with high anxiety in people with COPD include dyspnoea, the inability to perform daily activities or fulfil social roles, rehospitalisation and some COPD treatments...
May 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449303/brief-intervention-physical-exercise-and-cognitive-behavioural-group-therapy-for-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-the-cins-trial
#6
A Harris, T F Moe, H R Eriksen, T Tangen, S A Lie, T H Tveito, S E Reme
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cognitive-behavioural treatments (CBT) and physical group exercise (PE) have both shown promising effects in reducing disability and increasing work participation among chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients. A brief cognitive intervention (BI) has previously been demonstrated to reduce work disability in CLBP. The aim of this study was to test if the effect of BI could be further increased by adding either group CBT or group PE. METHODS: A total of 214 patients, all sick listed 2-10 months due to CLBP, were randomized to BI (n = 99), BI + group CBT (n = 55) or BI + group PE (n = 60)...
April 27, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444695/exercise-therapy-for-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#7
REVIEW
Lillebeth Larun, Kjetil G Brurberg, Jan Odgaard-Jensen, Jonathan R Price
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is characterised by persistent, medically unexplained fatigue, as well as symptoms such as musculoskeletal pain, sleep disturbance, headaches and impaired concentration and short-term memory. CFS presents as a common, debilitating and serious health problem. Treatment may include physical interventions, such as exercise therapy, which was last reviewed in 2004. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to determine the effects of exercise therapy (ET) for patients with CFS as compared with any other intervention or control...
April 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441619/the-influence-of-attention-biases-and-adult-attachment-style-on-treatment-outcome-for-adults-with-social-anxiety-disorder
#8
Yulisha Byrow, Lorna Peters
BACKGROUND: Attention biases figure prominently in CBT models of social anxiety and are thought to maintain symptoms of social anxiety disorder (SAD). Studies have shown that individual differences in pre-treatment attention biases predict cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) outcome. However, these findings have been inconsistent as to whether vigilance towards threat predicts better or poorer treatment outcome. Adult attachment style is an individual characteristic that may influence the relationship between attention bias and SAD...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441335/systematic-review-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder-in-psychosis
#9
REVIEW
Maria Michail, Max Birchwood, Lynda Tait
BACKGROUND: Social anxiety is highly prevalent among people with psychosis and linked with significant social disability and poorer prognosis. Although cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) has shown to be effective for the treatment of social anxiety in non-psychotic populations, there is a lack of evidence on the clinical effectiveness of CBT for the treatment of social anxiety when this is co-morbid in psychosis. METHODS: A systematic review to summarise and critically appraise the literature on the effectiveness of CBT interventions for the treatment of social anxiety in psychosis...
April 25, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440532/the-assessment-of-cancer-related-fatigue-syndrome-in-patients-with-lung-cancer-during-palliative-chemotherapy
#10
Andrzej Nowicki, Joanna Piekarska, Ewa Farbicka
INTRODUCTION: Cancer-related fatigue is one of the most common problems of patients with lung cancer. The assessment of cancer- -related fatigue is therefore a significant medical problem in patients during treatment with palliative chemotherapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 100 patients during palliative chemotherapy because of lung cancer. The study was conducted in the Department of Pulmonary Diseases and Treatment of Lung Cancer in the Kuyavian and Pomeranian Centre of Pulmonology in Bydgoszcz, in the period from February to June 2016...
2017: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437680/how-durable-is-the-effect-of-low-intensity-cbt-for-depression-and-anxiety-remission-and-relapse-in-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#11
Shehzad Ali, Laura Rhodes, Omar Moreea, Dean McMillan, Simon Gilbody, Chris Leach, Mike Lucock, Wolfgang Lutz, Jaime Delgadillo
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety disorders are relapse-prone conditions, even after successful treatment with pharmacotherapy or psychotherapy. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is known to prevent relapse, but there is little evidence of the durability of remission after low intensity forms of CBT (LiCBT). METHOD: This study aimed to examine relapse rates 12 months after completing routinely-delivered LiCBT. A cohort of 439 LiCBT completers with remission of symptoms provided monthly depression (PHQ-9) and anxiety (GAD-7) measures during 12 months after treatment...
April 18, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434719/pituitary-volume-reduction-in-schizophrenia-following-cognitive-behavioural-therapy
#12
Preethi Premkumar, Danielle Bream, Adegboyega Sapara, Dominic Fannon, Anantha P Anilkumar, Elizabeth Kuipers, Veena Kumari
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for psychosis (CBTp) aims to lower the stress of psychotic symptoms. Given that the pituitary is involved in stress regulation, CBT-led stress reduction may be accompanied by a change in pituitary volume. This study aimed to determine whether CBTp reduces pituitary volume in schizophrenia. The relation between pre-therapy memory and CBTp-led pituitary volume change was also examined given that poor memory relates to a blunted cortisol awakening response, denoting impaired stress response, in schizophrenia...
April 20, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431551/guided-internet-based-versus-face-to-face-clinical-care-in-the-management-of-tinnitus-study-protocol-for-a-multi-centre-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Eldré W Beukes, David M Baguley, Peter M Allen, Vinaya Manchaiah, Gerhard Andersson
BACKGROUND: Innovative strategies are required to improve access to evidence-based tinnitus interventions. A guided Internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) intervention for tinnitus was therefore developed for a U.K. POPULATION: Initial clinical trials indicated efficacy of iCBT at reducing tinnitus severity and associated comorbidities such as insomnia and depression. The aim of this phase III randomised controlled trial is to compare this new iCBT intervention with an established intervention, namely face-to-face clinical care for tinnitus...
April 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428338/strategies-to-prevent-death-by-suicide-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#14
REVIEW
Natalie B V Riblet, Brian Shiner, Yinong Young-Xu, Bradley V Watts
BackgroundFew randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have shown decreases in suicide.AimsTo identify interventions for preventing suicide.MethodWe searched EMBASE and Medline from inception until 31 December 2015. We included RCTs comparing prevention strategies with control. We pooled odds ratios (ORs) for suicide using the Peto method.ResultsAmong 8647 citations, 72 RCTs and 6 pooled analyses met inclusion criteria. Three RCTs (n = 2028) found that the World Health Organization (WHO) brief intervention and contact (BIC) was associated with significantly lower odds of suicide (OR = 0...
April 20, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426917/internet-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-depression-in-older-adults-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Kathleen A O'Moore, Jill M Newby, Gavin Andrews, David J Hunter, Kim Bennell, Jessica Smith, Alishia D Williams
Objective To determine the efficacy of an internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) program for depression in older adults with osteoarthritis of the knee and comorbid major depressive disorder (MDD). We conducted a RCT in sixty-nine adults (≥ 50 years) meeting criteria for MDD and osteoarthritis of the knee with 1-week post intervention (week 11) and 3-month follow-up (week 24) end points. Patients were allocated to either a 10-week iCBT program for depression added to treatment as usual (TAU) or to a TAU control group...
April 20, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424378/-recognition-care-and-prevention-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-adults
#16
Zoltán Rihmer, Attila Németh, Tamás Kurimay, Dóra Perczel-Forintos, György Purebl, Péter Döme
Suicide is a major public health problem everywhere in the world and in the WHO European Region suicide accounts for over 120,000 deaths per year. 1. Recognition and diagnosis: An underlying psychiatric disorder is present in up to 90% of people who completed suicide. Comorbidity with depression, anxiety, substance abuse and personality disorders is high. In order to achieve successful prevention of suicidality, adequate diagnostic procedures and appropriate treatment for the underlying disorder are essential...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422708/a-brief-essay-on-non-pharmacological-treatment-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
Alberto Raggi, Domenica Tasca, Raffaele Ferri
Current pharmacological therapies for Alzheimer's disease (AD) do not modify its course and are not always beneficial. Therefore, the optimization of quality of life represents the best possible outcome achievable in all stages of the disease. Cognitive and behavioural rehabilitation represents the main therapeutic approach for this purpose, also in order to mitigate indirectly the burden of distress of family caregivers. The aim of this mini-review is to go through this theme by discussing cognitive activation, virtual reality and neuromodulation techniques...
April 19, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419661/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-stabilises-glycaemic-control-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-outcomes-from-a-randomised-control-trial
#18
Christina Wei, Ruth J Allen, Patricia M Tallis, Fiona J Ryan, Linda P Hunt, Julian Ph Shield, Elizabeth C Crowne
BACKGROUND: To compare the impact of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) with non-directive supportive counselling (NDC) on glycaemic control and psychological well-being in adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants aged 11 to 16 years with T1DM (duration ≥1 year) from 4 UK-based paediatric diabetes centres were randomised to receive either 6 weekly sessions of 1-to-1 CBT (n = 43) or NDC (n = 42), with 2 further sessions at 6 and 12 months...
April 17, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419170/evaluation-of-the-relative-efficacy-of-a-couple-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-cbt-for-premenstrual-disorders-pmds-in-comparison-to-one-to-one-cbt-and-a-wait-list-control-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Jane M Ussher, Janette Perz
DESIGN: A randomised control trial (RCT) was conducted to examine the efficacy of couple-based cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for Premenstrual Disorders (PMDs), in comparison to one-to-one CBT and a wait-list control. METHODS: Triangulation of quantitative and qualitative outcome measures evaluated changes pre-post intervention. Eighty three women were randomly allocated across three conditions, with 63 completing post-intervention measures, a retention rate of 76%...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418586/simulated-presence-therapy-for-dementia
#20
REVIEW
Iosief Abraha, Joseph M Rimland, Isabel Lozano-Montoya, Giuseppina Dell'Aquila, Manuel Vélez-Díaz-Pallarés, Fabiana M Trotta, Alfonso J Cruz-Jentoft, Antonio Cherubini
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a common and serious neuropsychiatric syndrome, characterised by progressive cognitive and functional decline. The majority of people with dementia develop behavioural disturbances, also known as behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). Several non-pharmacological interventions have been evaluated to treat BPSD in people with dementia. Simulated presence therapy (SPT), an intervention that uses video or audiotape recordings of family members played to the person with dementia, is a possible approach to treat BPSD...
April 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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