Read by QxMD icon Read

Umbilical hernia

Teresa Victoria, Savvas Andronikou, Diana Bowen, Pablo Laje, Dana A Weiss, Ann M Johnson, William H Peranteau, Douglas A Canning, N Scott Adzick
Abdominal wall defects range from the mild umbilical cord hernia to the highly complex limb-body wall syndrome. The most common defects are gastroschisis and omphalocele, and the rarer ones include the exstrophy complex, pentalogy of Cantrell and limb-body wall syndrome. Although all have a common feature of viscera herniation through a defect in the anterior body wall, their imaging features and, more important, postnatal management, differ widely. Correct diagnosis of each entity is imperative in order to achieve appropriate and accurate prenatal counseling and postnatal management...
April 2018: Pediatric Radiology
Justin S Merkow, Erik J Nelson
BACKGROUND Providing anesthesia to immunocompromised patients introduces unique challenges, including difficulty in detecting respiratory infections. Detailed preoperative evaluation and preparation for perioperative complications is crucial. Human metapneumovirus is a common but lesser known respiratory virus that can lead to pneumonia and respiratory compromise and is challenging to detect in the immunocompromised patient. CASE REPORT We present a case of an immunocompromised individual scheduled for umbilical hernia repair who developed severe bronchospasm and intraoperative respiratory failure after induction of general anesthesia...
March 16, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
A J Perez, I N Haskins, A S Prabhu, D M Krpata, C Tu, S Rosenblatt, K Hashimoto, T Diago, B Eghtesad, M L J Rosen
Background: Umbilical hernias are common in patients with end-stage liver disease undergoing liver transplantation. Management of those persisting at the time of liver transplantation is important to define. Objective: To evaluate the long-term results of patients undergoing simultaneous primary umbilical hernia repair (UHR) at the time of liver transplantation at a single institution. Methods: Retrospective chart review was performed on patients undergoing simultaneous UHR and liver transplantation from 2010 through 2016...
2018: International Journal of Organ Transplantation Medicine
Joanna L Kaplan, Catherine T Gunther-Harrington, Jessie S Sutton, Joshua A Stern
BACKGROUND: The teratogenic effects of immunomodulatory and certain antimicrobial therapies are described in small rodents and humans. While the described teratogenic effects in small rodents have been extrapolated to make conclusions about its use in the pregnant dam, teratogenic effects of prednisone and doxycycline have not yet been reported in the dog. Here we report and describe midline defects observed in a litter of golden retriever puppies exposed to mid-gestational immunosuppressive and antimicrobial therapy...
March 12, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
A d'Alessandro, N Kari, A Alameh, N Pasquier, A Tarhini, B Vinson Bonnet, R Noun, E Chouillard
BACKGROUND: The umbilicus, an embryological natural orifice, is increasingly used as the only access route during single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) for colorectal disease. As a part of some of these procedures, a temporary, diverting ostomy could be exteriorized through the umbilicus itself. Theoretical advantages include better preservation of the abdominal wall and potentially superior cosmetic results. The aim of the present study was to evaluate our preliminary experience in SILS colorectal resection with umbilical stoma (u-stoma)...
March 6, 2018: Techniques in Coloproctology
Fereydoun Don Parsa, Justin Cheng, Michael S Hu, Leslie Kim, Nikki Castel, Alan A Parsa
The umbilicus is an important aesthetic landmark of the abdomen. It possesses a dual blood supply that allows it to survive either on its stalk if the skin surrounding the umbilicus is incised, or through the surrounding subdermal circulation if the stalk is transected. This is an important concept to consider in order to avoid umbilical ischemia and necrosis during abdominoplasty, especially if there is any past surgical history suggesting alteration to its blood supply. This case study depicts this importance and the importance of the use of delay in order to improve perfusion to the umbilicus prior to secondary abdominoplasty...
January 11, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Alvaro Robin-Lersundi, Luis Blazquez Hernando, Javier López-Monclús, Arturo Cruz Cidoncha, Carlos San Miguel Méndez, Elena Jimenez Cubedo, Miguel Angel García-Ureña
BACKGROUND: Posterior component separation with transversus abdominis release technique is increasingly being used for abdominal wall reconstruction in complex abdominal wall repair. The main purpose of this study is to present a modification of the surgical technique originally described that facilitates the surgical procedure and offers additional advantages. METHODS: Based on the knowledge of the anatomy of the retromuscular space and the preperitoneal aerolar tissue distribution, we start the incision on the posterior rectus sheath from the arcuate line in a down to up direction...
March 3, 2018: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
N Asakage
BACKGROUND: There has been confusion in the anatomical recognition when performing inguinal hernia operations in Japan. From now on, a paradigm shift from the concept of two-dimensional layer structure to the three-dimensional space recognition is necessary to promote an understanding of anatomy. ANATOMY AND EMBRYOLOGY: Along with the formation of the abdominal wall, the extraperitoneal space is formed by the transversalis fascia and preperitoneal space. The transversalis fascia is a somatic vascular fascia originating from an arteriovenous fascia...
February 27, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
Zhang Jun, Jia Na, Chen Zhen, Yang Xuan, Wei Yan-Dong, Liu Shu-Li, Li Long
Objective: The aim of this study is to describe the technique and to evaluate the outcome of single-incision laparoscopic (SILC) approach for linea alba hernia in children. Materials and Methods: A 2 cm vertical umbilical incision was made and stretched horizontally. A 5-mm trocar was inserted through middle port for the telescope. Another extra-long 5-mm 30° trocar was inserted through the lateral port, 5 mm beside the middle port. The extraperitoneal fat was removed, and the defect of linea alba was repaired after hernial sac was excised...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
D Alastair Taylor, Steven L Merten, Gavin D Sandercoe, Dilip Gahankari, Scott B Ingram, Nicholas J Moncrieff, Kevin Ho, Graham D Sellars, Mark R Magnusson
BACKGROUND: The authors studied the incidence of low back pain and urinary incontinence in the postpartum population presenting for abdominoplasty, and the extent of improvement following the operation. METHODS: This multicenter prospective study used validated questionnaires: the Oswestry Disability Index for back pain and the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Urinary Incontinence-Short Form for urinary incontinence. Questionnaires were administered preoperatively and at 6 weeks and 6 months postoperatively...
March 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Hanna Alemayehu, Richard Sola, Nhatrang H Le, David Juang, Pablo Aguayo, Jason D Fraser, Shawn D St Peter
INTRODUCTION: The vertical transumbilical incision (TU) technique during neonatal abdominal exploration involves dissection and ligation of umbilical vessels, which allow access to all quadrants of the abdomen and complete bowel evisceration with minimal violation to the anterior abdominal wall. We compared patient characteristics and outcomes for neonates undergoing TU with standard transverse exploration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-center retrospective review of neonates who underwent abdominal exploration between January 2010 and September 2015 was conducted after obtaining Institutional Review Board approval...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Daniel-Dean Steerforth, Steven Van Winden
Omphalitis contributes significantly to morbidity and mortality in neonatal calves. Diagnosis of omphalitis is based on the local signs of inflammation-pain, swelling, local heat and purulent discharge. An abattoir trial identified an optimal, sign-based, scoring system for diagnosis of omphalitis. A sample of 187 calves aged between 7 and 15 days old were clinically examined for signs of umbilical inflammation and compared with postmortem examination of navels. On postmortem findings, 64 calves (34.2 per cent) had omphalitis...
February 19, 2018: Veterinary Record
Ruth Kaufmann, Jens A Halm, Hasan H Eker, Pieter J Klitsie, Jeroen Nieuwenhuizen, Dick van Geldere, Maarten P Simons, Erwin van der Harst, Martijne van 't Riet, Bronno van der Holt, Gert Jan Kleinrensink, Johannes Jeekel, Johan F Lange
BACKGROUND: Both mesh and suture repair are used for the treatment of umbilical hernias, but for smaller umbilical hernias (diameter 1-4 cm) there is little evidence whether mesh repair would be beneficial. In this study we aimed to investigate whether use of a mesh was better in reducing recurrence compared with suture repair for smaller umbilical hernias. METHODS: We did a randomised, double-blind, controlled multicentre trial in 12 hospitals (nine in the Netherlands, two in Germany, and one in Italy)...
March 3, 2018: Lancet
Frederik Helgstrand, Thue Bisgaard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2018: Lancet
Emma J Cordes, Melanie LaPlant, Daniel A Saltzman, Robert D Acton, Bradley J Segura, Donavon J Hess
BACKGROUND: Umbilical hernia is a common congenital anomaly, and can result in the appearance of a protuberant umbilicus. In select cases, inversion of the umbilical skin can be impaired by the presence of thickened dermis or fascial remnants of the umbilical stalk. DESCRIPTION OF OPERATIVE TECHNIQUE: After umbilical herniorrhaphy, the skin is everted over the left index finger and radial partial thickness incisions in the fascia and dermis of the undersurface of the umbilicus...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Christos Iavazzo, Evelyn Eleni Minis, Ioannis D Gkegkes
Single-incision approach in robotic gynecology is a relatively new concept. The role of single-port systems in robotic hysterectomy, their advantages and disadvantages, as well as the technical challenges, are still under investigation. A systematic review was performed by searching in PubMed and Scopus databases. In 810 out of 1225 patients, hysterectomy was performed for non-neoplastic disease. Single-Site ® was the most common port system. Duration of the procedure and relative blood loss ranged from 60 to 311 min and 7 to 750 ml, respectively...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Binod Gautam, Sujata Niroula, Mona Sharma, Sushila Moktan Lama
INTRODUCTION: Various adjuvants to local anaesthetic are used to improve quality and duration of spinal anaesthesia. Dexmedetomidine, a novel alpha-2 adrenergic agonist, has been proposed to augment local anaesthetic effects. This study aims to investigate effects of intrathecal Dexmedetomidine on duration of analgesia and duration of sensory block during spinal anaesthesia. METHODS: In this randomized double-blind study 38 patients were allocated into each of two groups...
October 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
A Ammar, K Mahmoud, Z Kasemy
BACKGROUND: Various adjuvants have been tried to improve quality and increase duration of local anaesthetics during various nerve blocks. We aimed to evaluate the effect of adding midazolam to bupivacaine on rectus sheath (RS) block in patients undergoing umbilical or epigastric hernia repair. METHODS: In all, 60 adult patients were divided into two equal groups, each group included 30 patients. Group I received 20 ml of bupivacaine hydrochloride 0.25% + midazolam 50 μg/kg in 2 ml saline 0...
February 14, 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Hakan Kulacoglu
Umbilical hernias are most common in women than men. Pregnancy may cause herniation or render a preexisting one apparent, because of progressively raised intra-abdominal pressure. The incidence of umbilical hernia among pregnancies is 0.08%. Surgical algorithm for a pregnant woman with a hernia is not thoroughly clear. There is no consensus about the timing of surgery for an umbilical hernia in a woman either who is already pregnant or planning a pregnancy. If the hernia is incarcerated or strangulated at the time of diagnosis, an emergency repair is inevitable...
2018: Frontiers in Surgery
Alexis Jibril, Andrew C Stevens
BACKGROUND Plasmacytoid is a rare histological variant of urothelial carcinoma (UC). Since the first reported case of plasmacytoid urothelial carcinoma (PUC), in 1991, only about 100 cases have since been reported, with most cases involving the bladder. Urothelial carcinomas of the upper urinary tract represent only 5% of urothelial cancers. To the best of our knowledge, there has only been 1 reported case of PUC of the ureter. PUC is a highly aggressive disease, with a poor prognosis. We present a rare biopsy-proven case of PUC of the ureter with retroperitoneal metastasis...
February 13, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"