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Pancreatic cancer cell, microRNA

Xiu-Hui Shi, Xu Li, Hang Zhang, Rui-Zhi He, Yan Zhao, Min Zhou, Shu-Tao Pan, Chun-Le Zhao, Ye-Chen Feng, Min Wang, Xing-Jun Guo, Ren-Yi Qin
Novel biomarkers for pancreatic adenocarcinoma are urgently needed because of its poor prognosis. Here, by using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) RNA-seq data, we evaluated the prognostic values of the differentially expressed miRNAs and constructed a five-miRNA signature that could effectively predict patient overall survival (OS). The Kaplan-Meier overall survival curves of two groups based on the five miRNAs were notably different, showing overall survival in 10.2% and 47.8% at five years for patients in high-risk and low-risk groups, respectively...
May 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jie Hao, Xin Jin, Yan Shi, Hong Zhang
Background: Lacrimal adenoid cystic carcinoma (LACC) is one of the most common malignancies that affects lacrimal gland. MicroRNAs are known to play a crucial role as oncogenes or tumor suppressors. Specifically, miR-93 has been reported to play a crucial role in colorectal, breast, pancreatic, lung cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the role of miR-93 in LACC and the potential molecular mechanisms involved remain unknown. Therefore, we took the challenge to determine the involvement of miR-93 in the LACC by targeting BRMS1L...
2018: Cancer Cell International
Bin Chen, Akao Zhu, Lei Tian, Ying Xin, Xinchun Liu, Yunpeng Peng, Jingjing Zhang, Yi Miao, Jishu Wei
The present study aimed to explore the effects and underlying mechanisms of microRNA (miR)‑23a on pancreatic cancer (PC) cells progression. Reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis were used to detect the mRNA and protein miR‑23a and PLK‑1 level. Cell viability, cell cycle, migration and invasion assasy, and in vivo tumorigenicity assay were used to investigate the effects of miR‑204. Further luciferase reporter assay was used to explore the mechanisms contributing to miR‑204 effects...
April 27, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Lichao Pan, Lin Zhou, Weijia Yin, Jia Bai, Rong Liu
Mitochondrial fission is important for the development and progression of pancreatic cancer (PC). However, little is known regarding its role in pancreatic cancer apoptosis, metabolism and migration. In the current study, the mechanism by which mitochondrial fission modifies the biological characteristics of PC was explored. MicroRNA‑125a (miR‑125a) had the ability to inhibit mitochondrial fission and contributed to cellular survival. Suppressed mitochondrial fission led to a reduction in mitochondrial debris, preserved the mitochondrial membrane potential, inhibited mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening, ablated cytochrome c leakage into the cytoplasm and reduced the pro‑apoptotic protein contents, finally blocking mitochondria related apoptosis pathways...
April 26, 2018: International Journal of Oncology
Fu Yang, Wan Jun Zhao, Cong Li Jia, Xiao Kai Li, Qiang Wang, Zi Li Chen, De Quan Jiang
Dysregulation of microRNA (miRNA) expression in multiple cancers and their vital roles in malignant cancer progression are well investigated. The purpose of this study was to explore the biological roles of miR-876-3p in pancreatic cancer. We used genome-wide gene expression analysis in clinical pancreatic adenocarcinoma samples to identify miR-876-3p down-regulated in pancreatic cancer. We then collected 22 pairs of pancreatic cancer and the corresponding non-cancerous tissues to determine miR-876-3p level, and confirmed that miR-876-3p was significantly down-regulated in pancreatic cancer...
2018: American Journal of Cancer Research
Feng Li, Jing Liang, Lu Bai
A growing body of evidence has suggested that microRNAs (miRNAs) play a pivotal role in the development and progression of pancreatic cancer. miRNA-449a (miR-449a) has attracted particular interest due to its critical role in regulating cancer biology in numerous cancer types. However, whether miR-449a is involved in the regulation of pancreatic cancer development and progression remains unknown. In this study, we aimed to investigate the expression pattern and potential biological function of miR-449a in pancreatic cancer...
April 20, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Tetsuya Idichi, Naohiko Seki, Hiroshi Kurahara, Haruhi Fukuhisa, Hiroko Toda, Masataka Shimonosono, Atsushi Okato, Takayuki Arai, Yoshiaki Kita, Yuko Mataki, Yuko Kijima, Kosei Maemura, Shoji Natsugoe
We previously used RNA sequencing to establish the microRNA (miRNA) expression signature of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). We found that both strands of pre-miR-148a (miR-148a-5p: the passenger strand and miR-148a-3p: the guide strand) were downregulated in cancer tissues. Ectopic expression of miR-148a-5p and miR-148a-3p significantly inhibited cancer cell migration and invasion, indicating that both strands of pre-miR-148a had tumor-suppressive roles in PDAC cells. In silico database and genome-wide gene expression analyses identified a total of 15 genes that were putative targets regulated by these miRNAs...
April 16, 2018: Cancer Science
Jong Kook Park, Andrea I Doseff, Thomas D Schmittgen
MicroRNAs (miRNAs), a critical part of the RNA silencing machinery, are known to play important regulatory roles in cancer. However, the consequence of miRNA deregulation in cancer is unknown for many miRNAs. Here, we define that miRNAs, miR-17-5p, miR-132-3p/-212-3p, and miR-337-3p are significantly up-regulated in the pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDAC) compared to the normal and benign tissues. Furthermore, by using PANC-1 cells, we demonstrate that overexpressed miR-337-3p and miR-17-5p/miR-132-3p/-212-3p can regulate executioner caspases-3 and -7, respectively...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Yang-An Liu, Yue Zhang, Zhi Zheng, Kai Li, Xin-Hua Wu, Qiu-Guo Du, Xiao Ye, Lili Wang, Ling Zhu
Developments in cancer therapy have greatly improved the survival time for patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC); however, the prognosis of patients with PDAC remains poor. Understanding the expression patterns and functions of microRNAs may provide strategies for the diagnosis and treatment of patients with PDAC. The present study aimed to explore the expression and functions of microRNA-216b (miR-216b) in PDAC. The expression of miR-216b in PDAC tissues and cell lines was quantified with reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
Philipp Manegold, Keane K Y Lai, Yongfeng Wu, Jia-Ling Teo, Heinz-Josef Lenz, Yuri S Genyk, Stephen J Pandol, Kaijin Wu, David P Lin, Yibu Chen, Cu Nguyen, Yi Zhao, Michael Kahn
BACKGROUND: Although canonical Wnt signaling is known to promote tumorigenesis in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), a cancer driven principally by mutant K-Ras , the detailed molecular mechanisms by which the Wnt effector β-catenin regulates such tumorigenesis are largely unknown. We have previously demonstrated that β-catenin's differential usage of the Kat3 transcriptional coactivator cyclic AMP-response element binding protein-binding protein (CBP) over its highly homologous coactivator p300 increases self-renewal and suppresses differentiation in other types of cancer...
March 29, 2018: Cancers
Di Sun, Xu Wang, Guoqing Sui, Si Chen, Miao Yu, Ping Zhang
Resistance to first-line chemotherapeutic drugs such as gemcitabine contributes to the poor prognosis of patients with pancreatic cancer. MicroRNAs (miRNA) regulate chemoresistance in pancreatic cancer. By analyzing the miRNA sequencing dataset of pancreatic cancer from The Cancer Genome Atlas, it was demonstrated that miR-374b-5p expression was dramatically reduced in pancreatic cancer tissues compared with adjacent normal tissues, as well as decreased in chemoresistant compared with chemosensitive pancreatic carcinoma tissues...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Oncology
Rong-Quan He, Xia Yang, Liang Liang, Gang Chen, Jie Ma
The present study aimed to explore the potential clinical significance of microRNA (miR)-124-3p expression in the hepatocarcinogenesis and development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), as well as the potential target genes of functional HCC pathways. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction was performed to evaluate the expression of miR-124-3p in 101 HCC and adjacent non-cancerous tissue samples. Additionally, the association between miR-124-3p expression and clinical parameters was also analyzed...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Ting Zhan, Xiaodong Huang, Xia Tian, Xiaoli Chen, Yu Ding, Hesheng Luo, Yadong Zhang
Drug resistance is a major cause of treatment failure in pancreatic cancer. The limited evidence indicates the involvement of miR-455-3p in chemotherapy resistance of cancer. Here we observed by qPCR that miR-455-3p was significantly decreased in pancreatic cancer tissues and cell lines. We then confirmed that the inhibition of miR-455-3p increased cell proliferation and gemcitabine resistance of pancreatic cancer, whereas forced overexpression of miR-455-3p had the opposite effect. Furthermore, we demonstrated that TAZ, which is associated with drug resistance of pancreatic cancer, is a new direct downstream target of miR-455-3p...
March 2, 2018: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
Li Zhang, Cuiping Wang, Shuangni Yu, Congwei Jia, Jie Yan, Zhaohui Lu, Jie Chen
Mutations in the AT-rich interactive domain 1A gene, which encodes a subunit of the Switch/Sucrose nonfermentable chromatin remodeling complex, can result in loss of protein expression and are associated with different cancers. Here, we used immunohistochemistry to investigate the significance of AT-rich interactive domain 1A loss in 73 pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma cases with paired paracancerous normal pancreatic tissues. The relationship between levels of the AT-rich interactive domain 1A protein product, BAF250a, and clinicopathological parameters in the 73 pancreatic cancer specimens was also analyzed...
January 1, 2018: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Guoping Ding, Liangjing Zhou, Tao Shen, Liping Cao
Previous studies have demonstrated that pancreatic cancer-derived microRNA (miR)-212-3p can inhibit the expression of regulatory factor X-associated protein (RFXAP), an important transcription factor for major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II, and thereby lead to downregulation of MHC class II in dendritic cells. It has also been established that interferon (IFN)-γ can increase the expression of MHC class II in immune cells. It was therefore hypothesized that IFN-γ can inhibit miR-212-3p expression in pancreatic cancer, leading to the upregulation of RFXAP and MHC class II expression...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
Maria Vila-Casadesús, Elena Vila-Navarro, Giulia Raimondi, Cristina Fillat, Antoni Castells, Juan José Lozano, Meritxell Gironella
MiRNAs are small non-coding RNAs that post-transcriptionally regulate gene expression. They play important roles in cancer but little is known about the specific functions that each miRNA exerts in each type of cancer. More knowledge about their specific targets is needed to better understand the complexity of molecular networks taking part in cancer. In this study we report the miRNA-mRNA interactome occurring in pancreatic cancer by using a bioinformatic approach called miRComb, which combines tissue expression data with miRNA-target prediction databases (TargetScan, miRSVR and miRDB)...
January 19, 2018: Oncotarget
F Xie, Q Huang, C-H Liu, X-S Lin, Z Liu, L-L Liu, D-W Huang, H-C Zhou
OBJECTIVE: Pancreatic cancer (PC) possesses a very poor prognosis, and its pathogenesis is not fully understood. Evidence has suggested that microRNAs play important roles in cancer development and progression, the present study was designed to study the function of miR-1271 in PC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: PC tissues and adjacent normal tissues were collected from 17 patients. MiR-1271 and PDK1 expression were quantified by quantitative reverse-transcriptional polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)...
February 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Wen-Jie Huang, Yunchao Wang, Songsong Liu, Jiali Yang, Shi-Xiang Guo, Lijiang Wang, Huaizhi Wang, Ying-Fang Fan
Circular RNAs (CircRNAs) are a novel type of endogenous noncoding RNAs that regulate target gene expression by interacting with microRNA (miRNA). Emerging evidence shows that dysregulation of circRNAs plays important roles in biological and pathological processes, including cancer development and progression. The functional role of circRNA in PDAC (pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma) remains to be investigated. In this study, high throughput microarray assay revealed that hsa_circ_0000977 was aberrantly up-regulated in pancreatic cancer tissues; this was also validated by qRT-PCR...
May 28, 2018: Cancer Letters
Rei Suzuki, Hiroyuki Asama, Yuichi Waragai, Tadayuki Takagi, Takuto Hikichi, Mitsuru Sugimoto, Naoki Konno, Ko Watanabe, Jun Nakamura, Hitomi Kikuchi, Yuki Sato, Shigeru Marubashi, Atsushi Masamune, Hiromasa Ohira
We investigated whether serum microRNAs (miRNAs) could be diagnostic or prognostic markers in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). We first identified miRNAs showing altered expression in human pancreatic stellate cells (hPSCs) co-cultured with PDAC cells (Panc-1 and BxPC-3) as compared to hPSCs cultured alone. Among the miRNAs with altered expression, let-7d exhibited reduced expression in an in silico analysis of The Cancer Genome Atlas data. Inhibition of let-7d resulted in enhanced expression of fibrosis-related genes...
January 12, 2018: Oncotarget
Chi Fang, Chen-Yun Dai, Zhu Mei, Ming-Jie Jiang, Dian-Na Gu, Qian Huang, Ling Tian
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer characterizes high recurrence and poor prognosis. In clinical practice, radiotherapy is widely used for pancreatic cancer treatment. However, the outcome remains undesirable due to tumor repopulation and following recurrence and metastasis after radiation. So, it is highly needed to explore the underlying molecular mechanisms and accordingly develop therapeutic strategies. Our previous studies revealed that dying cells from chemoradiation could stimulate repopulation of surviving pancreatic cancer cells...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
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