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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323439/patient-perceptions-of-treatment-delivery-platforms-for-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia
#1
Janet M Y Cheung, Delwyn J Bartlett, Carol L Armour, Tracey-Lea Laba, Bandana Saini
OBJECTIVE: Stepped care has given rise to the proliferation of abbreviated CBT-I programs and delivery formats. This includes interventions delivered by allied health professionals and those delivered electronically through the Internet. This article aims to explore patient perceptions between electronic and face-to-face (FTF) delivery platforms for (abbreviated) CBT-I. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with insomnia from specialist sleep or psychology clinics and those from the general community in Sydney, Australia...
March 21, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318287/findings-from-a-couple-based-open-trial-for-adult-anorexia-nervosa
#2
Donald H Baucom, Jennifer S Kirby, Melanie S Fischer, Brian R Baucom, Robert Hamer, Cynthia M Bulik
Adult anorexia nervosa (AN) often is persistent, significantly erodes quality of life for both the patient and loved ones, and carries high medical and psychiatric comorbidity. Whereas individual psychotherapy for adult AN leads to improvement in some patients, recent findings indicate that the magnitude of improvement is limited: Only a small percentage of individuals fully recover and dropout rates are high. Thus, it is important to build upon current interventions to improve treatment response. We present results from an open trial of a couple-based intervention for adult anorexia nervosa as an adjunct treatment to standard multidisciplinary care...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314548/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-of-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-patients-with-diabetes-and-depression
#3
REVIEW
Chen Li, Duo Xu, Mingyue Hu, Yongfei Tan, Ping Zhang, Guichen Li, Li Chen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this meta-analysis was to systematically examine the efficacy of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for diabetic patients who have comorbid depression and to identify which aspects can be improved through intervention. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed using multiple databases. The inclusion criteria included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of CBT that were conducted with diabetes patients with clinically relevant depression...
April 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304341/the-efficacy-of-psychological-therapies-in-reducing-weight-and-binge-eating-in-people-with-bulimia-nervosa-and-binge-eating-disorder-who-are-overweight-or-obese-a-critical-synthesis-and-meta-analyses
#4
REVIEW
Marly Amorim Palavras, Phillipa Hay, Celso Alves Dos Santos Filho, Angélica Claudino
Recurrent binge eating episodes, the core feature of Bulimia Nervosa (BN) and Binge Eating Disorder (BED), are frequently comorbid with obesity. Psychological interventions, notably Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), are effective for binge eating reduction in BED or BN but less so for weight loss. Behavioural Weight Loss Therapy (BWLT) shows effectiveness for binge eating reduction and weight loss but the latter appears poorly sustained over time. Our aim was to review evidence for efficacy of psychological therapies for BN/BED associated with overweight or obesity in reducing binge frequency and weight...
March 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299918/worry-and-anger-rumination-in-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#5
A Ricci, S Bonini, M Continanza, M T Turano, E M Puliti, A Finocchietti, D Bertolucci
The aim of the present study was twofold: 1) to investigate the psychological profile of patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FS) as compared to patients with other chronic pain syndromes (CP) and healthy subjects (HS); 2) to examine the associations between anxiety, depression, worry and angry rumination in FS patients. FS patients (N=30), CP patients (N=30) and HS (N=30) completed measurements of anxiety, depression, worry and angry rumination. FS patients showed higher levels of state and trait anxiety, worry and angry rumination than CP patients and HS, and higher levels of depression than HS...
December 31, 2016: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299303/the-efficacy-of-augment-of-d-cycloserine-and-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-adolescent-with-one-type-of-anxiety-disorders-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Soroor Arman, Ali Soheilimehr, Mohammad Reza Maracy
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to investigating the effect of combining D-cycloserine (DCS) and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) on adolescent with at least one type of anxiety disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted as a double-blind randomized controlled trial on 36 adolescent with anxiety disorders. Patients were assessed in two groups. In addition to 4 sessions of weekly CBT in both groups; case group, received a 50-mg DCS capsules, control group, received Placebo daily for a month...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295395/monte-carlo-calculation-of-conversion-coefficients-for-dose-estimation-in-mammography-based-on-a-3d-detailed-breast-model
#7
Wenjing Wang, Rui Qiu, Li Ren, Huan Liu, Zhen Wu, Chunyan Li, Junli Li, Yantao Niu
PURPOSE: At present, the Chinese specification for testing of quality control in X-ray mammography is based on a simple breast model, and does not consider the glandular tissue distribution in the breast. In order to more precisely estimate the mean glandular dose (MGD) in mammography for Chinese women, a three-dimensional (3D) detailed breast model based on realistic structures in the breast and Chinese female breast parameters was built and applied in this study. METHODS: To characterize the Chinese female breast, Chinese female breast parameters including breast size, compressed breast thickness (CBT), and glandular content were investigated in this study...
March 14, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294318/impact-of-killing-in-war-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#8
Shira Maguen, Kristine Burkman, Erin Madden, Julie Dinh, Jeane Bosch, Jessica Keyser, Martha Schmitz, Thomas C Neylan
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study was to test the effectiveness of Impact of Killing (IOK), a novel, cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) aimed at reducing mental health symptoms and functional impairment. METHOD: Participants were 33 combat Veterans with a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis who had completed trauma-focused psychotherapy and reported distress regarding killing or feeling responsible for the deaths of others in war. Veterans were randomized to either IOK treatment or a 6-week waitlist condition, after which Veterans could receive IOK...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291302/psychosocial-group-interventions-to-improve-psychological-well-being-in-adults-living-with-hiv
#9
REVIEW
Ingrid van der Heijden, Naeemah Abrahams, David Sinclair
BACKGROUND: Being diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and labelled with a chronic, life-threatening, and often stigmatizing disease, can impact on a person's well-being. Psychosocial group interventions aim to improve life-functioning and coping as individuals adjust to the diagnosis. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of psychosocial group interventions for improving the psychological well-being of adults living with HIV/AIDS. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following electronic databases up to 14 March 2016: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) published in the Cochrane Library (Issue 2, 2016), PubMed (MEDLINE) (1996 to 14 March 2016), Embase (1996 to 14 March 2016), and Clinical Trials...
March 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288496/-effectiveness-of-cbt-on-unemployed-compared-to-employed-individuals-suffering-from-prevalent-mental-disorders-a-naturalistic-study
#10
Friederike Maurer, Sören Kliem, Katharina Bode, Melina Andrea Del Pozo, Christoph Kröger
Background Unemployed individuals suffer more from mental strain than those who have jobs. Up until now, little information could be found regarding the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for unemployed people with mental disorders. The aim of this study was to compare the impact of CBT on employed versus unemployed individuals in a naturalistic setting. Methods 92 outpatients with prevalent mental disorders (depression and anxiety) were matched post-hoc and assessed pre-treatment, post-treatment, and at follow-up...
February 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288221/intracellular-synthesis-of-d-aminoluciferin-for-bioluminescence-generation
#11
Zhen Zheng, Gongyu Li, Chengfan Wu, Miaomiao Zhang, Yue Zhao, Gaolin Liang
d-Luciferin is the most widely used substrate for bioluminescence (BL) applications but its low chemical stability always affects its performance. Herein, we rationally designed two chemically stable precursor molecules CBT-d-cystine-CBT (d-1) and CBT-l-cystine-CBT (l-1), and subjected them to reduction-controlled condensation to form 1-oligomer and subsequent proteolysis to yield d-aminoluciferin for BL generation in cells and in vivo. We envision that our precursor molecules might serve as d-luciferin alternatives for a wide range of BL applications in the near future...
March 13, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286486/using-virtual-reality-in-the-treatment-of-gambling-disorder-the-development-of-a-new-tool-for-cognitive-behavior-therapy
#12
Stéphane Bouchard, Geneviève Robillard, Isabelle Giroux, Christian Jacques, Claudie Loranger, Manon St-Pierre, Maxime Chrétien, Annie Goulet
Virtual reality (VR) can be used in the treatment of gambling disorder to provide emotionally charged contexts (e.g., induce cravings) where patients can practice cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) techniques in the safety of the therapist's office. This raises practical questions, such as whether the cravings are sufficient to be clinically useful but also manageable enough to remain clinically safe. Pilot data are also needed to test the development of a treatment manual and prepare large randomized control trials...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284902/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-in-pain-and-psychological-disorders-towards-a-hybrid-future
#13
REVIEW
Nicole K Y Tang
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a form of evidence-based talking therapy that emphasises the importance of behaviour and conscious thoughts in shaping our emotional experiences. As pain becomes increasingly accepted as not only a sensory but also an emotional experience, success in using CBT to treat emotional disorders has resulted in the incorporation of cognitive-behavioural principles into the management of chronic pain. Outcomes of CBT-informed interdisciplinary pain management programmes are modest at best, despite rapid methodological improvements in trial design and implementation...
March 8, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284603/efficacy-evaluation-of-the-c-strain-based-vaccines-against-the-subgenotype-2-1d-classical-swine-fever-virus-emerging-in-china
#14
Yuzi Luo, Shengwei Ji, Jian-Lin Lei, Guang-Tao Xiang, Yan Liu, Yao Gao, Xing-Yu Meng, Guanglai Zheng, En-Yu Zhang, Yimin Wang, Ming-Liang Du, Yongfeng Li, Su Li, Xi-Jun He, Yuan Sun, Hua-Ji Qiu
Classical swine fever (CSF) is a devastating infectious disease of pigs caused by classical swine fever virus (CSFV). The disease has been controlled following extensive vaccination with the lapinized attenuated vaccine C-strain for decades in China. However, frequent CSF outbreaks occurred recently in a large number of C-strain-vaccinated pig farms in China and a new subgenotype 2.1d of CSFV has been reported to be responsible for the outbreaks. Here we analyzed the molecular variations and antigenic differences among the C-strain-based commercial vaccines of different origins from different manufacturers in China, and reevaluated the vaccines against the emerging subgenotype 2...
March 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283812/behavioral-treatments-for-post-traumatic-headache
#15
REVIEW
Felicia Fraser, Yuka Matsuzawa, Yuen Shan Christine Lee, Mia Minen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Post-traumatic headache (PTH) is a common headache type after traumatic brain injury (TBI). There are no FDA approved medications for PTH, and it is unknown how medications can affect the brain's ability to recover from TBI. Thus, we sought to examine the biopsychosocial factors that influence PTH and the non-pharmacologic treatments studied for headache treatment. We also sought to determine if there is literature examining whether the non-pharmacologic treatments influence the biopsychosocial factors...
May 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279825/optimal-practices-in-unrelated-donor-cord-blood-transplantation-for-hematologic-malignancies
#16
REVIEW
Juliet N Barker, Joanne Kurtzberg, Karen Ballen, Michael Boo, Claudio Brunstein, Corey Cutler, Mitchell Horwitz, Filippo Milano, Amanda Olson, Stephen Spellman, John E Wagner, Colleen Delaney, Elizabeth Shpall
Unrelated donor cord blood (CB) transplantation (CBT) results in disease-free survival comparable to that of unrelated adult donor transplantation in patients with hematologic malignancies. Extension of allograft access to racial and ethnic minorities, rapid graft availability, flexibility of transplant date, and low risks of disabling chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and relapse are significant advantages of CBT, and multiple series have reported a low risk of late transplant-related mortality (TRM) post-transplant...
March 6, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279495/psychotherapy-for-medically-unexplained-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-intensive-short-term-dynamic-psychotherapy-and-cognitive-behavior-therapy
#17
Behzad Chavooshi, Mehdi Saberi, Seyed Abbas Tavallaie, Hedayat Sahraei
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of intensive short-term dynamic psychotherapy (ISTDP) for medically unexplained pain remains open to debate because of a paucity of high-quality studies. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate ISTDP as a treatment for medically unexplained pain in outpatients by comparing it with the established evidence-based cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) in a randomized clinical trial. METHODS: A total of 341 adults with medically unexplained pain were randomly assigned to 16 sessions of individual manualized CBT (N = 164) or ISTDP (N = 177)...
January 11, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278602/components-analyses-of-a-school-based-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-youth-depression
#18
Prerna G Arora, Courtney N Baker, Lauren Krumholz Marchette, Kevin D Stark
The current study sought to build upon research on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) as the first-line treatment for depressed youth by investigating the effects of the various components of a CBT treatment on changes in depressive symptoms in young female participants. Female participants 9-14 years of age (n = 40; M age = 10.58 years) with a diagnosis of a depressive disorder from the CBT-only treatment condition of a larger randomized clinical trial were included in the current study. Participants engaged in a 20-session, 11-week, school-based CBT group intervention (ACTION Treatment; Stark et al...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278599/mediators-of-treatment-outcomes-for-anxious-children-and-adolescents-the-role-of-somatic-symptoms
#19
Amy E Hale, Golda S Ginsburg, Grace Chan, Philip C Kendall, James T McCracken, Dara Sakolsky, Boris Birmaher, Scott N Compton, Anne Marie Albano, John T Walkup
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are effective treatments for pediatric anxiety disorders. However, the mechanisms of these treatments are unknown. Previous research indicated that somatic symptoms are reduced following treatment, but it is unclear if their reductions are merely a consequence of treatment gains. This study examined reductions in somatic symptoms as a potential mediator of the relationship between treatment and anxiety outcomes. Participants were 488 anxious youth ages 7-17 (M = 10...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275546/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-increases-amygdala-connectivity-with-the-cognitive-control-network-in-both-mdd-and-ptsd
#20
Haochang Shou, Zhen Yang, Theodore D Satterthwaite, Philip A Cook, Steven E Bruce, Russell T Shinohara, Benjamin Rosenberg, Yvette I Sheline
BACKGROUND: Both major depressive disorder (MDD) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are characterized by alterations in intrinsic functional connectivity. Here we investigated changes in intrinsic functional connectivity across these disorders as a function of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), an effective treatment in both disorders. METHODS: 53 unmedicated right-handed participants were included in a longitudinal study. Patients were diagnosed with PTSD (n = 18) and MDD (n = 17) with a structured diagnostic interview and treated with 12 sessions of manualized CBT over a 12-week period...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
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