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Obstetrical ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342999/-risk-factors-analysis-and-prognosis-of-renal-pelvis-dilatation-in-high-risk-infants-in-monocenter
#1
Q Fu, L R Fan, Y Shen, G J Zhou, H Z Yi, N Sun, J M Wang, L Q Jia, X M Wang, H Wang
Objective: To explore the prognosis and risk factors of pyelectasis in high-risk infants. Methods: This was a retrospective study. Totally 960 high-risk infants, who accepted type B ultrasonic examination for fetus at 28th week of gestation and for newborns in 48 hours after birth, were included in the study in departments of obstetrics and eonatology, Shunyi Maternal and Children's Hospital of Beijing Children's Hospital during May 2012 to April 2013. The degree of pyelectasis was classified using Grignon grade and the paients were followed up for 3 years...
January 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341510/maternity-ultrasound-in-the-republic-of-ireland-2016-a-review
#2
D Hayes-Ryan, K McNamara, N Russell, L Kenny, K O'Donoghue
Antenatal ultrasound, comprising of a dating ultrasound in the late first trimester followed by a fetal anomaly scan, is a recognised and necessary component of good antenatal care. We conducted a telephone survey of all 19 obstetric units to ascertain the status of maternity ultrasound provision in Ireland. Fetal anomaly ultrasound is offered universally to all women in 7/19 (37%) units, selectively to some women in 7/19 (37%) units and not offered at all in the remaining 5/19 (26%) units. Overall ? 41,700 (64%) women receive a fetal anomaly ultrasound nationally...
August 8, 2017: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340508/-space-time-and-power-in-hospital-health-care-contributions-based-on-the-ethnography-of-an-obstetric-center
#3
María Guadalupe García, María Laura Recoder, Susana Margulies
This paper presents the results of an ethnographic study of an obstetric center within a hospital of Greater Buenos Aires and an analysis of the spatio-temporal dimension of hospital care. The fieldwork, carried out between 2007 and 2011, followed the everyday dynamics of the hospital and included observation in the obstetrics unit (waiting areas, the obstetric center where births and emergencies receive care, and the ambulatory care, ultrasound, and hospitalization rooms, among others) as well as spaces such as the appointments and statistics offices, the office of social services, the central hall, the pharmacy, and hallway waiting areas...
July 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337448/-obstetrics
#4
Véronique Othenin-Girard, Noémie Bouchet, Riccardo E Pfister, Olivier Baud, Nicole Jastrow, Agnès Ditisheim, Nadia Berkane, Begoña Martinez De Tejada
During the past year, we have renewed interest in old well-known problems. New studies and guidelines have been issued about lung maturation in cases of preterm delivery after 37 weeks of gestation. Short term benefits have been proven but the number of cases needed to treat to prevent one case of respiratory complications is high and with possible neurological long-term effects. Also, several studies have shown the benefits of including the ultrasound measurement of the inferior segment of the uterus in order to attempt vaginal delivery after caesarean section with the lowest risk for uterine rupture, while others studies have shown the best procedure to close the uterus during cesarean section...
January 10, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332252/a-review-of-the-impact-of-pregnancy-and-childbirth-on-pelvic-floor-function-as-assessed-by-objective-measurement-techniques
#5
REVIEW
Hans Van Geelen, Donald Ostergard, Peter Sand
The objective of this narrative review is to study the impact of pregnancy and childbirth on pelvic floor function as assessed by objective measurement techniques with quantitative data carried out during pregnancy and after childbirth. A literature search in MEDLINE and relevant and up-to-date journals from 1960 until April 2017 was performed for articles dealing with the impact of pregnancy and childbirth on pelvic floor function as assessed by objective measurement methods. Only studies describing objective measurement techniques...
January 13, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329576/spontaneous-prematurity-in-fetuses-with-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-a-retrospective-cohort-study-about-prenatal-predictive-factors
#6
Bruna Maria Lopes Barbosa, Agatha S Rodrigues, Mario Henrique Burlacchini Carvalho, Roberto Eduardo Bittar, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira Francisco, Lisandra Stein Bernardes
BACKGROUND: To evaluate possible predictive factors of spontaneous prematurity in fetuses with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed. Inclusion criteria were presence of CDH; absence of fetoscopy; absence of karyotype abnormality; maximum of one major malformation associated with diaphragmatic hernia; ultrasound monitoring at the Obstetrics Clinic of Clinicas Hospital at the University of São Paulo School of Medicine, from January 2001 to October 2014...
January 12, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329527/emotional-and-cognitive-experiences-during-the-time-of-diagnosis-and-decision-making-following-a-prenatal-diagnosis-a-qualitative-study-of-males-presented-with-congenital-heart-defect-in-the-fetus-carried-by-their-pregnant-partner
#7
Tommy Carlsson, Elisabet Mattsson
BACKGROUND: Expectant fathers consider the second-trimester obstetric ultrasound examination as an important step towards parenthood, but are ill prepared for a detection of a fetal anomaly. Inductive research is scarce concerning their experiences and needs for support. Consequently, the aim of this study was to explore the emotional and cognitive experiences, during the time of diagnosis and decision-making, among males presented with congenital heart defect in the fetus carried by their pregnant partner...
January 12, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328522/cassava-flour-slurry-as-a-low-cost-alternative-to-commercially-available-gel-for-obstetrical-ultrasound-a-blinded-non-inferiority-trial-comparison-of-image-quality
#8
Aleha Aziz, Pe'er Dar, Francine Hughes, Clemencia Solorzano, Mundenga Mutendi Muller, Christian Salmon, Margaret Salmon, Nerys Benfield
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of ultrasound images obtained with cassava flour slurry (CFS) compared to conventional gel in order to determine objectively whether CFS could be a true low-cost alternative. DESIGN: Blinded non-inferiority trial. SETTING: Obstetrical ultrasound unit in an academic medical center. POPULATION OR SAMPLE: Women with a singleton pregnancy, undergoing anatomy ultrasounds. METHODS: Thirty pregnant women had standard biometry measures obtained with CFS and conventional gel...
January 12, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317258/uterine-adenosarcoma-with-sarcomatous-overgrowth-a-case-report-of-aggressive-disease-in-a-16-year-old-girl-and-a-literature-review
#9
Hanyuan Liu, Zhen Shen, Dabao Wu, Ying Zhou
INTRODUCTION: Uterine adenosarcoma with sarcomatous overgrowth (ASSO) is a rare and aggressive disease. A case of a 16-year old girl with uterine ASSO is reported herein. The patient received surgical resection and chemotherapy and remained alive without disease 11 months after the surgery. CASE REPORT: A 16-year-old girl was diagnosed with uterine ASSO, International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO 2009) stage I c. She underwent total abdominal hysterectomy, bilateral salpingectomy and chemotherapy...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306932/clinical-study-of-fetal-neurobehavior-by-the-kanet-test
#10
REVIEW
Raul Moreira Neto, Selma Porovic
Fetal neurology is evolving as an area of great interest in prenatal diagnosis and fetal medicine. The identification and diagnosis of brain damage prenatally has been a great challenge in obstetrics for many years. Investigations of fetal behavior in comparison with morphological studies led to the conclusion that fetal behavioral patterns directly reflect developmental and maturational processes of the fetal central nervous system (CNS). Four-dimensional (4D) ultrasound has greatly improved the assessment of the quality of the fetal spontaneous movements, and enabled a better evaluation of fetal behavior...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306447/obstetric-and-gynecologic-ultrasound-curriculum-and-competency-assessment-in-residency-training-programs-consensus-report
#11
Alfred Abuhamad, Katherine K Minton, Carol B Benson, Trish Chudleigh, Lori Crites, Peter M Doubilet, Rita Driggers, Wesley Lee, Karen V Mann, James J Perez, Nancy C Rose, Lynn L Simpson, Ann Tabor, Beryl R Benacerraf
Ultrasound imaging has become integral to the practice of obstetrics and gynecology. With increasing educational demands and limited hours in residency programs, dedicated time for training and achieving competency in ultrasound has diminished substantially. The American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine assembled a multisociety task force to develop a consensus-based, standardized curriculum and competency assessment tools for obstetric and gynecologic ultrasound training in residency programs. The curriculum and competency assessment tools were developed based on existing national and international guidelines for the performance of obstetric and gynecologic ultrasound examinations and thus are intended to represent the minimum requirement for such training...
January 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305249/sonographic-large-fetal-head-circumference-and-risk-of-cesarean-delivery
#12
Michal Lipschuetz, Sarah M Cohen, Ariel Israel, Joel Baron, Shay Porat, Dan V Valsky, Oren Yagel, Doron Kabiri, Yinon Gilboa, Eyal Sivan, Ron Unger, Eyal Schiff, Reli Hershkovitz, Simcha Yagel
BACKGROUND: Persistently high rates of cesarean deliveries are cause for concern for physicians, patients, and health systems. Prelabor assessment might be refined by identifying factors that help predict an individual patient's risk of cesarean delivery. Such factors may contribute to patient safety and satisfaction as well as health system planning and resource allocation. In an earlier study, neonatal head circumference was shown to be more strongly associated with delivery mode and other outcome measures, than neonatal birth weight...
January 2, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303014/decrease-in-the-incidence-of-threatened-preterm-labor-after-implementation-of-transvaginal-ultrasound-cervical-length-universal-screening
#13
Reshama Navathe, Gabriele Saccone, Michela Villani, Jacquelyn Knapp, Yury Cruz, Rupsa Boelig, Amanda Roman, Vincenzo Berghella
BACKGROUND: It is unknown if universal second-trimester transvaginal ultrasound (TVU) cervical length (CL) screening in asymptomatic women with singleton gestations and no prior spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB) affects the incidence of symptoms of preterm labor (PTL) later in pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of threatened PTL before and after the implementation of universal second trimester TVU CL screening. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study of all consecutive singleton gestations without prior SPTB presenting to obstetric triage for threatened PTL between 23 0/7 and 33 6/7 week in 2011 (1 January-31 December), and in 2014 (1 January-31 December) at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital (TJU) (Philadelphia, PA)...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302808/a-comparison-of-pregnancy-outcome-of-modified-transvaginal-cervicoisthmic-cerclage-performed-prior-to-and-during-pregnancy
#14
Minling Wei, Xiaoying Jin, T C Li, Cuiyu Yang, Dong Huang, Songying Zhang
PURPOSE: To compare the pregnancy outcome of the modified transvaginal cerclage performed preconception and during pregnancy. METHODS: A retrospective trial was carried out in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital in Zhejiang, China. A total of 604 women with cervical incompetence underwent the cerclage, and the time of the operation was decided by the patients or depended on when the patient presented. Main outcome measures were the gestational age and the fetal outcome...
January 4, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300254/postoperative-catheter-management-after-pelvic-reconstructive-surgery-a-survey-of-practice-strategies
#15
Sarah S Boyd, Elena Tunitsky-Bitton, David M OʼSullivan, Adam C Steinberg
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate practice preferences in catheter management after a failed inpatient voiding trial after pelvic reconstructive surgery. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of postoperative catheter management after pelvic reconstructive surgery after failed voiding trial. Physicians practicing at ACGME-accredited residencies and fellowships in Obstetrics and Gynecology (Ob/Gyn), Urology, and Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery (FPMRS) within the United States completed a Web-based questionnaire in March 2017...
January 3, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297658/current-perspectives-on-the-use-of-fetal-fibronectin-testing-in-preterm-labor-diagnosis-and-management
#16
Michael S Ruma, Katie C Bittner, Clara B Soh
One in 10 infants in the United States is delivered preterm (ie, before the 37th week of pregnancy), contributing to the significant burden on the national healthcare system. Nevertheless, a lack of agreement continues among obstetric professional societies on guidelines for standardization of the approach to the diagnosis and management of patients with symptoms of preterm labor (PTL). This disparity in consensus has likely resulted in poor identification of women at an increased risk for preterm birth (PTB)...
December 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297616/obstetric-and-gynecologic-ultrasound-curriculum-and-competency-assessment-in-residency-training-programs-consensus-report
#17
A Abuhamad, K K Minton, C B Benson, T Chudleigh, L Crites, P M Doubilet, R Driggers, W Lee, K V Mann, J J Perez, N C Rose, L L Simpson, A Tabor, B R Benacerraf
Ultrasound imaging has become integral to the practice of obstetrics and gynecology. With increasing educational demands and limited hours in residency programs, dedicated time for training and achieving competency in ultrasound has diminished substantially. The American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine assembled a multi-Society Task Force to develop a consensus-based, standardized curriculum and competency assessment tools for obstetric and gynecologic ultrasound training in residency programs. The curriculum and competency-assessment tools were developed based on existing national and international guidelines for the performance of obstetric and gynecologic ultrasound examinations and thus are intended to represent the minimum requirement for such training...
January 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297610/obstetric-and-gynecologic-ultrasound-curriculum-and-competency-assessment-in-residency-training-programs-consensus-report
#18
Alfred Abuhamad, Katherine K Minton, Carol B Benson, Trish Chudleigh, Lori Crites, Peter M Doubilet, Rita Driggers, Wesley Lee, Karen V Mann, James J Perez, Nancy C Rose, Lynn L Simpson, Ann Tabor, Beryl R Benacerraf
Ultrasound imaging has become integral to the practice of obstetrics and gynecology. With increasing educational demands and limited hours in residency programs, dedicated time for training and achieving competency in ultrasound has diminished substantially. The American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine assembled a multisociety task force to develop a consensus-based, standardized curriculum and competency assessment tools for obstetric and gynecologic ultrasound training in residency programs. The curriculum and competency assessment tools were developed based on existing national and international guidelines for the performance of obstetric and gynecologic ultrasound examinations and thus are intended to represent the minimum requirement for such training...
January 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297609/proceedings-beyond-ultrasound-first-forum-on-improving-the-quality-of-ultrasound-imaging-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#19
Beryl R Benacerraf, Katherine K Minton, Carol B Benson, Bryann S Bromley, Brian D Coley, Peter M Doubilet, Wesley Lee, Samuel H Maslak, John S Pellerito, James J Perez, Eric Savitsky, Norman A Scarborough, Joseph Wax, Alfred Z Abuhamad
The Beyond Ultrasound First Forum was conceived to increase awareness that the quality of obstetric and gynecologic ultrasound can be improved, and is inconsistent throughout the country, likely due to multiple factors, including the lack of a standardized curriculum and competency assessment in ultrasound teaching. The forum brought together representatives from many professional associations; the imaging community including radiology, obstetrics and gynecology, and emergency medicine among others; in addition to government agencies, insurers, industry, and others with common interest in obstetric and gynecologic ultrasound...
January 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289473/-simulation-in-obstetrical-ultrasound-grail-trickery-or-neither
#20
EDITORIAL
E Quarello, G Gorincour, A Dabadie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
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