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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790208/changes-in-nano-mechanical-properties-of-human-epidermal-cornified-cells-depending-on-their-proximity-to-the-skin-surface
#1
Pascale Milani, Julien Chlasta, Rawad Abdayem, Sanja Kezic, Marek Haftek
During formation of the stratum corneum (SC) barrier, terminally differentiated keratinocytes continue their maturation process within the dead superficial epidermal layer. Morphological studies of isolated human corneocytes have revealed differences between cornified envelopes purified from the deep and superficial SC. We used atomic force microscopy to measure the mechanical properties of native human corneocytes harvested by tape-stripping from different SC depths. Various conditions of data acquisition have been tested and optimized, in order to obtain exploitable and reproducible results...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Molecular Recognition: JMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787678/three-dimensional-solid-state-mixed-electron-ion-conductive-framework-for-lithium-metal-anode
#2
Shaomao Xu, Dennis W McOwen, Chengwei Wang, Lei Zhang, Wei Luo, Chaoji Chen, Yiju Li, Yunhui Gong, Jiaqi Dai, Yudi Kuang, Chunpeng Yang, Tanner R Hamann, Eric D Wachsman, Liangbing Hu
Solid-state electrolytes (SSEs) have been widely considered as enabling materials for the practical application of lithium metal anodes. However, many problems inhibit the widespread application of solid state batteries, including the growth of lithium dendrites, high interfacial resistance, and the inability to operate at high current density. In this study, we report a 3D mixed electron/ion conducting framework (3D-MCF) based on a porous-dense-porous trilayer garnet electrolyte structure created via tape casting to facilitate the use of a 3D solid state lithium metal anode...
May 22, 2018: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785332/dermoscopic-changes-in-melanocytic-nevi-covered-with-both-opaque-tape-and-sunscreen-cream-during-narrowband-ultraviolet-b-therapy
#3
Derya Ök Kekeç, Nida Kaçar, Işıl Kılınç Karaarslan
Background: Ultraviolet (UV) light may cause dermoscopic changes on melanocytic nevi (MN). Objectives: To investigate the effects of sunscreen cream (SSc) application on dermoscopic changes in MN during narrowband UVB (NBUVB) therapy. Methods: Half of the randomly selected MN in each patient were covered with opaque tape and SSc [SSc(+)], and the rest were covered with only opaque tape [SSc(-)] during NBUVB treatment sessions. Results: More SSc(-) MN displayed dermoscopic changes at end of NBUVB therapy compared to the start of therapy (p=0...
April 2018: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784806/restoration-of-paper-artworks-with-microemulsions-confined-in-hydrogels-for-safe-and-efficient-removal-of-adhesive-tapes
#4
Nicole Bonelli, Costanza Montis, Antonio Mirabile, Debora Berti, Piero Baglioni
The presence of pressure-sensitive tapes (PSTs) on paper artworks, either fortuitous or specifically applied for conservation purposes, is one of the most frequent and difficult issues encountered during restoration. Aged PSTs can damage or disfigure artworks, compromising structural integrity, readability, and enjoyment. Current procedures are often inherently hazardous for artistic media and paper support. Challenged by the necessity to remove PSTs from a contemporary and an ancient drawing (20th century, by artists da Silva and Hayter, and a 16th century drawing of one figure from the Sistine Chapel by Michelangelo), we addressed this issue from a physicochemical perspective, leveraging colloid and interface science...
May 21, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783245/-epidemiological-features-of-parasitary-invasis-in-women-of-reproductive-age-with-disorders-of-reproductive-health
#5
Valentyna О Sklyarova
OBJECTIVE: The aim: The purpose of this study is to analyze the frequency and structure of parasitic lesion in women with reproductive health disorders. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The immune-enzyme method tested immunoglobulins IgG to ascaris, lamblia, toxocara. Determination of the presence of pinworm eggs (sticky tape and perianal scrape method) and ascarid (methods of K.Cato, F.Fueleborna and E.S.Schulman). RESULTS: Results: In women with complicated obstetric anamnesis, parasitic invasions occurred in (52...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782895/detection-of-il-36y-via-non-invasive-tape-stripping-reliably-discriminates-psoriasis-from-atopic-eczema
#6
Anna Berekméri, Anne Latzko, Adewonuola Alase, Tom Macleod, Joseph S Ainscough, Philip Laws, Mark Goodfield, Andrew Wright, Philip Helliwell, Sara Edward, Gordon D Brown, Delyth M Reid, Joerg Wenzel, Martin Stacey, Miriam Wittmann
This report demonstrates that sampling and detection of IL-36γ protein by non-invasive tape stripping of skin lesion provides a highly sensitive and selective diagnostic for psoriatic inflammation.
May 18, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781073/the-impact-of-concurrent-pelvic-organ-prolapse-reconstructive-surgery-on-midurethral-sling-procedure-outcome
#7
Buğra Çoşkun, Orhan S Aksakal, Bora Çoşkun, Engin Yurtçu, Mehmet Özgür Akkurt, Özgül Kafadar, Melike Doğanay
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of concurrent pelvic organ prolapse (POP) reconstructive surgery on midurethral sling (MUS) procedure outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present retrospective study included 300 women with urodynamically diagnosed stress urinary incontinence that underwent MUS procedures with or without concurrent POP reconstructive surgery. Patients were divided into four groups according to the performed surgery; 1) transobturator tape (TOT), 2) TOT with POP surgery (anterior colporrhaphy, posterior colporrhaphy and vaginal hysterectomy), 3) tension free vaginal tape (TVT), 4) TVT with POP surgery...
2018: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780780/postoperative-urinary-symptoms-after-transobturator-tape-in-normal-weight-compared-with-overweight-and-obese-woman
#8
Hyun Jin Lee, Young Bin Won, Yun Jin Park, Mi Kyung Kong, Sang Wook Bai
Objectives: To examine the clinical outcome of obesity in women who underwent the transobturator tape procedure for stress urinary incontinence and to compare postoperative urinary symptoms after transobturator tape surgery between normal-weight women and overweight and obese women. Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study of the risk of postoperative urinary symptoms, including recurrence after transobturator tape surgery, in normal-weight women compared with overweight and obese women at our institution from January 2009 through October 2011...
May 2018: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780015/distribution-of-intestinal-parasites-detected-in-%C3%A5-anl%C3%A4-urfa-mehmet-akif-inan-education-and-research-hospital-between-october-2015-and-october-2016
#9
Koray Öncel
OBJECTIVE: A total of 7353 patients who referred to the Microbiology Laboratory of Mehmet Akif Inan Education and Research Hospital between October 2015 and October 2016 were evaluated for intestinal parasites. METHODS: All fecal samples were investigated using three methods: wet mount, formalin ethyl acetate concentration, and trichrome staining. The cellophane tape method could only be used in a limited number of patients owing to the absence of a pediatrics outpatient clinic in our hospital...
March 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777243/comparison-of-formulae-for-orotracheal-intubation-depth-in-the-paediatric-population
#10
Jen Heng Pek, Elizabeth Mj Tan, Ying Hao, Gene Yk Ong
INTRODUCTION: Multiple formulae have been proposed for calculating orotracheal depth for paediatric intubation. However, literature on the validation of these formulae in the emergency department setting is limited. Three methods described in the local Advanced Paediatric Life Support curriculum include the Broselow tape, endotracheal tube (ETT) size x 3, and the age-based formula of age divided by 2, add 12. We aimed to determine their accuracy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with intubation performed in the Children's Emergency from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2013 were included in this retrospective observational study...
April 2018: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776405/adjustable-single-incision-mini-slings-ajust%C3%A2-versus-other-slings-in-surgical-management-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-meta-analysis-of-effectiveness-and-complications
#11
Fuding Bai, Jimin Chen, Zhewei Zhang, Yichun Zheng, Jiaming Wen, Xiawa Mao, Nan Zhang
BACKGROUND: Adjustable single-incision mini-sling (SIMS) is a new category of SIMS for stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of adjustable single-incision mini-sling with other slings. METHODS: Literature search in databases such as Pubmed, and Conchrane Library was performed up to December, 2015. The outcomes including cure rate, operation time, postoperative pain score and complications were reanalyzed...
May 18, 2018: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772412/tactile-cues-can-change-movement-an-example-using-tape-to-redistribute-flexion-from-the-lumbar-spine-to-the-hips-and-knees-during-lifting
#12
Brendan L Pinto, Shawn M Beaudette, Stephen H M Brown
Given the appropriate cues, kinematic factors associated with low back injury risk and pain, such as spine flexion, can be avoided. Recent research has demonstrated the potential for tactile sensory information to change movement. In this study an athletic strapping tape was applied bilaterally along the lumbar extensor muscles to provide continuous tactile feedback information during a repeated lifting and lowering task. The presence of the tape resulted in a statistically significant reduction in lumbar spine flexion when compared to a baseline condition in which no tape was present...
May 14, 2018: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770977/formation-of-twisted-%C3%AE-sheet-tapes-from-a-self-complementary-peptide-based-on-novel-pillararene-gcp-host-guest-interaction-with-gene-transfection-properties
#13
Carsten Schmuck, Xiao-Yu Hu, Martin Ehlers, Elio Zellermann, Stefanie Mosel, Hao Jiang, Jan-Erik Ostwaldt, Shirley Knauer, Leyong Wang, Tingting Wang
Small peptides capable of assembling into well-defined nanostructures have attracted extensive attention due to their interesting applications as biomaterials. Herein, we report the first example of a pillararene functionalized with a guanidiniocarbonyl pyrrole (GCP)-conjugated short peptide segment. The obtained amphiphilic peptide 1 spontaneously self-assembles into a supramolecular β-sheet in aqueous solution based on host-guest interaction between pillararene and GCP unit as well as hydrogen-bonding between the peptide strands...
May 17, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770668/-surveillance-of-soil-borne-nematodiasis-in-population-in-hefei-city-2012-2015
#14
Pan Xiao-Xiang, An Jin-Sheng, Zhu Li, Wei Hong-Sheng
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the surveillance results of soil-borne nematodiasis in Hefei City from 2012 to 2015, so as to provide the evidence formulating the Hefei "Thirteen-five" parasitic disease prevention strategy. METHODS: The population in monitoring points in Changfeng County, Lujiang City and Chaohu County were investigated for Ascaris lumbricoides , Trichuristrichiura and hookworm infections with Kato-Katz technique every year from 2012 to 2015, and the children aged less than 6 years were checked for Enterobius vermicularis infection by using the cellophane tape method...
February 10, 2018: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769141/single-coracoclavicular-suture-fixation-with-mersilene-tape-versus-hook-plate-in-the-treatment-of-acute-type-v-acromioclavicular-dislocation-a-retrospective-analysis
#15
Ying-Cheng Huang, Shan-Wei Yang, Chun-Yu Chen, Kai-Cheng Lin, Jenn-Huei Renn
BACKGROUND: Here, we compared the clinical and radiographic outcomes between coracoclavicular (CC) fixation with Mersilene tape and hook plate for acute unstable acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocation treatment. METHODS: We enrolled 49 patients with unstable acute AC dislocation who, between January 2010 and January 2014, underwent surgery with single CC suture fixation with Mersilene tape (M group, 25 cases) or clavicle hook plate (H group, 24 cases). In M and H groups, the average age was 43...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768847/synthesis-of-antioxidative-conductive-copper-inks-with-superior-adhesion
#16
Wei-Yang Ma, Yao-Yi Cheng, Jia-Kun Chen, Kai-Hsuan Chan, Zheng-Jie Lin, Wei-Hao Chou, Wei-Chen Chang
Conductive films have attracted much attention in the printed electronics industry. To date, expensive conductive silver inks have been utilized widely in these conductive films, which ultimately increase the cost. Hence the alternative low-cost copper inks will be of great interest in the future. This paper will present how to synthesize antioxidative conductive copper inks with superior adhesion to FR4 substrates. The antioxidative conductive copper inks were prepared by dispersing the antioxidative copper nanoparticles in diethylene glycol with the bisphenol-F type BEF170 epoxy resin as a binder and the Methyl-5-norbornene-2,3-dicarboxylic anhydride (NMA) as a curing agent, then were coated on FR4 substrates to form the copper films, followed by sintering at 250 °C in nitrogen atmosphere for 20 minutes...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768709/comprehensive-multi-modal-characterization-of-an-imiquimod-induced-human-skin-inflammation-model-for-drug-development
#17
Tessa van der Kolk, Salma Assil, Rianne Rijneveld, Erica S Klaassen, Gary Feiss, Edwin Florencia, Errol P Prens, Jacobus Burggraaf, Matthijs Moerland, Robert Rissmann, Martijn B A van Doorn
Imiquimod (IMQ) is often used as topical challenge agent to provoke local skin inflammation. The objective of this study was to develop and refine a rapid, temporary and reversible human skin inflammation model with IMQ for application in clinical drug development. A randomized, vehicle-controlled, open-label, dose-ranging study was conducted in 16 healthy male subjects. IMQ (5 mg) was applied once daily for 72h under occlusion to intact skin (n = 8) or tape stripped (TS) skin (n = 8). Although IMQ alone induced limited effects, TS+IMQ treatment showed larger responses in several domains including erythema and perfusion (p<0...
May 16, 2018: Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765875/clinical-and-biomechanical-effects-of-low-dye-taping-and-figure-8-modification-of-low-dye-taping-in-patients-with-heel-pad-atrophy
#18
You Hyeon Chae, Joo Sup Kim, Yeon Kang, Hyun Young Kim, Tae Im Yi
Objective: To investigate and compare the effect of low-dye taping (LDT) and figure-8 modification of LDT (MLDT) on peak plantar pressure and heel pain in patients with heel pad atrophy. Methods: There were reviewed 32 feet of 19 patients who have been diagnosed with heel pad atrophy who were enrolled in this study. The patients were diagnosed with heel pad atrophy with clinical findings, and loaded heel pad thickness measured by ultrasonography. At the first visit, patients were taught how to do LDT and MLDT...
April 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765766/crystal-structure-of-5-r-7-r-8-s-9-r-10-s-8-methyl-7-5-r-3-methyl-2-oxooxolan-3-en-5-yl-1-aza-6-oxatri-cyclo-8-3-0-0-5-9-tridecan-13-one-monohydrate
#19
Takeshi Oishi, Makoto Yoritate, Takaaki Sato, Noritaka Chida
The title compound, C17 H23 NO4 ·H2 O, is an epimer of the natural tetra-cyclic alkaloid isosaxorumamide which consists of a fused 5-7-5 tricyclic core and a di-hydro-furan-one substituent. The terminal di-hydro-furan ring is essentially planar with a maximum deviation of 0.0273 (14) Å from the mean plane and oxolane, azepane and pyrrolidine rings in the tricyclic ring system adopt twist, twist-chair and envelope forms, respectively. In the crystal, the amide and water mol-ecules are linked by O-H⋯O hydrogen bonds, forming a tape structure running along the b- axis direction...
April 1, 2018: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765729/crystal-structure-and-hirshfeld-surface-analysis-of-the-naturally-occurring-cassane-type-diterpenoid-6%C3%AE-cinnamoyl-7%C3%AE-hy-droxy-vouacapen-5%C3%AE-ol
#20
K Osahon Ogbeide, Rajesh Kumar, Mujeeb-Ur-Rehman, Bodunde Owolabi, Abiodun Falodun, M Iqbal Choudhary, Sammer Yousuf
The title compound, C29 H36 O5 , a cassane-type diterpenoid {systematic name: (4a R ,5 R ,6 R ,6a S ,7 R ,11a S ,11b R )-4a,6-dihy-droxy-4,4,7,11b-tetra-methyl-1,2,3,4,4a,5,6,6a,7,11,11a,11b-dodeca-hydro-phenanthro[3,2- b ]furan-5-yl 3-phenyl-prop-2-enoate}, was isolated from a medicinally important plant, Caesalpinia pulcherrima (Fabaceae). In the mol-ecule, three cyclo-hexane rings are trans -fused and adopt chair, chair and half-chair conformations. In the crystal, mol-ecules are linked via O-H⋯O hydrogen bonds, forming a tape structure along the b- axis direction...
March 1, 2018: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
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