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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812936/investigation-of-goldmann-perimetry-in-evaluation-of-patients-for-upper-eyelid-blepharoplasty
#1
John D Pemberton, Michael Salter, Aaron Fay, Bradley Thuro, Horace Spencer, Omar Dajani
PURPOSE: To determine if preoperative Goldmann Visual Field (GVF) testing in patients with functional dermatochalasis accurately depicts the postoperative superior visual field (SVF) outcome. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was done to compare preoperative and postoperative GVF field tests in patients undergoing upper eyelid blepharoplasty for treatment of dermatochalasis. This study was conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki and approved by the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences institutional review board...
August 16, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810999/case-report-on-the-use-of-a-custom-myoelectric-elbow-wrist-hand-orthosis-for-the-remediation-of-upper-extremity-paresis-and-loss-of-function-in-chronic-stroke
#2
Stefanie Dunaway, D Brianna Dezsi, Jessica Perkins, Daniel Tran, Jonathan Naft
INTRODUCTION: This case study describes the application of a commercially available, custom myoelectric elbow-wrist-hand orthosis (MEWHO), on a veteran diagnosed with chronic stroke with residual left hemiparesis. The MEWHO provides powered active assistance for elbow flexion/extension and 3 jaw chuck grip. It is a noninvasive orthosis that is driven by the user's electromyographic signal. Experience with the MEWHO and associated outcomes are reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The participant completed 21 outpatient occupational therapy sessions that incorporated the use of a custom MEWHO without grasp capability into traditional occupational therapy interventions...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809559/on-the-influence-of-the-bridge-on-triplet-state-delocalization-in-linear-porphyrin-oligomers
#3
Sabine Richert, Bart Limburg, Harry L Anderson, Christiane R Timmel
The extent of triplet state delocalization is investigated in rigid linear zinc porphyrin oligomers as a function of interporphyrin bonding characteristics, specifically in meso-meso singly linked and β,meso,β fused structures, using electron paramagnetic resonance techniques. The results are compared with those of earlier measurements on porphyrin oligomers with alkyne linkers exhibiting different preferred conformations. It is shown that dihedral angles near 90° between the porphyrin planes in directly meso-to-meso linked porphyrin oligomers lead to localization of the photoexcited triplet state on a single porphyrin unit, whereas previous work demonstrated even delocalization over two units in meso-to-meso ethyne or butadiyne-bridged oligomers, where the preferred dihedral angles amount to roughly 30° and 0°, respectively...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808546/characterization-of-measurement-errors-using-structure-from-motion-and-photogrammetry-to-measure-marine-habitat-structural-complexity
#4
Mitch Bryson, Renata Ferrari, Will Figueira, Oscar Pizarro, Josh Madin, Stefan Williams, Maria Byrne
Habitat structural complexity is one of the most important factors in determining the makeup of biological communities. Recent advances in structure-from-motion and photogrammetry have resulted in a proliferation of 3D digital representations of habitats from which structural complexity can be measured. Little attention has been paid to quantifying the measurement errors associated with these techniques, including the variability of results under different surveying and environmental conditions. Such errors have the potential to confound studies that compare habitat complexity over space and time...
August 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807818/novel-concentrated-water-in-oil-emulsions-based-on-a-non-ionic-silicone-surfactant-appealing-application-properties-and-tuneable-viscoelasticity
#5
Lisa Binder, Johannes Jatschka, Dieter Baurecht, Michael Wirth, Claudia Valenta
Silicone excipients are non-irritating ingredients that are extensively used in topical formulations. In the present study, innovative water-in-oil emulsions with a high water content stabilised by a non-ionic silicone surfactant were developed. Effects of formulation composition on its properties and stability were investigated. It was possible to prepare highly stable emulsions with a water volume fraction of up to 80%. The emulsions exhibited desirable application properties such as non-sticky and cooling qualities...
August 11, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805412/factors-impacting-rural-pacific-island-veterans-access-to-care-a-qualitative-examination
#6
Julia M Whealin, Dawna Nelson, Michelle M Kawasaki, Michael A Mahoney
Pacific Island veterans suffer from greater severity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) compared with Caucasian veterans but face substantial barriers to mental health care. However, the factors that may dissuade or facilitate veterans in the Pacific Islands from seeking mental health care are not known. The main aim of this study was to identify how internal and external factors interact to impact wounded warriors' access to and use of mental health services. Veterans residing in 5 rural Pacific Island locations were mailed recruitment materials...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803411/electro-chemical-deposition-of-nano-hydroxyapatite-zinc-coating-on-titanium-metal-substrate
#7
N A El-Wassefy, F M Reicha, N S Aref
BACKGROUND: Titanium is an inert metal that does not induce osteogenesis and has no antibacterial properties; it is proposed that hydroxyapatite coating can enhance its bioactivity, while zinc can contribute to antibacterial properties and improve osseointegration. AIMS: A nano-sized hydroxyapatite-zinc coating was deposited on commercially pure titanium using an electro-chemical process, in order to increase its surface roughness and enhance adhesion properties...
August 13, 2017: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801199/repositioning-the-scapula-with-taping-following-distal-radius-fracture-kinematic-analysis-using-3-dimensional-motion-system
#8
Elif Turgut, Cigdem Ayhan, Gul Baltaci
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional and controlled laboratory study using pretest-posttest design. INTRODUCTION: Patients with distal radius fracture (DRfx) report proximal segment problems. Taping is commonly recommended because it provides improved posture and function. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to investigate the 3-dimensional scapular kinematics and the effect of taping on the kinematics in participants with DRfx. METHODS: Twenty participants with a unilateral history of DRfx and 20 healthy controls participated...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801032/physiotherapy-for-patients-with-shoulder-pain-in-primary-care-a-descriptive-study-of-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-management
#9
Y H J M Karel, G G M Scholten-Peeters, M Thoomes-de Graaf, E Duijn, J B van Broekhoven, B W Koes, A P Verhagen
BACKGROUND: Shoulder pain is one of the three main musculoskeletal complaints and more than 50% of the patients have symptoms longer than 6 months. Until now, limited data exist about the content of physiotherapy for patients with shoulder pain in primary care. OBJECTIVE: Describe current physiotherapeutic diagnostic- and therapeutic management, including the use of diagnostic ultrasound, in patients with shoulder pain in primary care. DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective cohort study in primary care physiotherapy with a 12 week follow-up...
November 28, 2016: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800306/acute-effects-of-kinesio-taping-on-pain-disability-and-back-extensor-muscle-endurance-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-caused-by-magnetic-resonance-imaging-confirmed-lumbar-disc-degeneration
#10
Nai-Jen Chang, Willy Chou, Pei-Chi Hsiao, Wen-Dien Chang, Yi-Ming Lo
BACKGROUND: Individuals with disc degeneration experience associated pain and disability. Considering its safety and affordability, Kinesio tape (KT) may be a viable treatment. However, most KT studies have demonstrated its effects in healthy adults and patients with nonspecific low back pain. The efficacy of KT in patients with disc degeneration is yet to be investigated. OBJECTIVES: To examine the acute effects of KT on patients with lumbar disc degeneration confirmed through magnetic resonance imaging...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799866/proprioception-and-flexibility-profiles-of-elite-synchronized-swimmers
#11
Nora M Y Cho, Hedda P Giorgi, Karen P Y Liu, Young-Hyeon Bae, Louisa M Y Chung, Kitchana Kaewkaen, Shirley S M Fong
This study compared the full-body flexibility and joint proprioception (on land and underwater) of (a) 20 elite female synchronized swimmers (mean age ± standard deviation = 18.5 ± 1.9 years) and (b) 20 college female swim team members with no training in synchronized swimming (control participants; mean age ± standard deviation = 20.6 ± 1.3 years). Flexibility of the trunk and upper and lower limbs was measured using plastic tape and a goniometer, respectively. Joint proprioception (joint position sense) of the upper and lower limbs on land and underwater was measured by an active joint angle repositioning test...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799669/choosing-the-appropriate-shangring-size-for-paediatric-circumcision-using-the-no-flip-technique
#12
Li Fang, Weichao Zhu, Zhongfei Xie, Kerong Wu, Guoyao Wang, Zejun Yan, Zhong Zheng, Qi Ma, Yue Cheng
AIM: To determine the correct ShangRing size for paediatric circumcision using the no-flip technique. METHODS: A cohort of 104 boys (from 6 to 14 years) underwent ShangRing circumcision at Ningbo First Hospital, China. The patients were randomly divided into three groups according to the different methods used for choosing the ring size. For Group A, the ring size was chosen using the ShangRing measuring tape; for Group B, ring size was chosen based on the diameter of penis measured using a self-designed scale plate; and for Group C, ring size was chosen based on the diameter of the glans measured using the self-designed scale plate...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799453/health-illness-transition-experiences-with-type-2-diabetes-self-management-of-sub-saharan-african-immigrants-in-the-united-states
#13
Désiré M Kindarara, Marylyn M McEwen, Janice D Crist, Lois J Loescher
Purpose The purpose of this study was to describe Sub-Saharan African immigrants' health-illness transition experiences associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) self-management. Methods A qualitative description methodology was used in this study. Face-to-face semi-structured in-depth interviews lasting 60 to 90 minutes were conducted with 10 Sub-Saharan African immigrant men and women with T2DM recruited using purposive and snowball sampling. Each interview was audio-taped, transcribed, and analyzed using qualitative content analysis...
August 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798844/su-8-free-standing-microfluidic-probes
#14
A A Kim, K Kustanovich, D Baratian, A Ainla, M Shaali, G D M Jeffries, A Jesorka
We present a process for fabrication of free-standing SU-8 probes, with a dry, mechanical release of the final micro-devices. The process utilizes the thermal release tape, a commonly used cleanroom material, for facile heat-release from the sacrificial layer. For characterization of the SU-8 microfluidic probes, two liquid interfaces were designed: a disposable interface with integrated wells and an interface with external liquid reservoirs. The versatility of the fabrication and the release procedures was illustrated by further developing the process to functionalize the SU-8 probes for impedance sensing, by integrating metal thin-film electrodes...
January 2017: Biomicrofluidics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798831/an-in-house-composix%C3%A2-based-pubovaginal-sling-trial-for-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-five-year-comparative-followup-to-tension-free-and-transobturator-vaginal-tapes
#15
Tal Ben-Zvi, Katherine Moore, Nadim Haidar, Mireille Gregoire
INTRODUCTION: We compared the efficacy of three slings in the long-term treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI): tension-free vaginal tape (TVT), vaginal tape-obturator (TVT-O), and an in-house two-layered polypropylene mesh with a submicronic polytetrafluoroethylene (Composix™). Our primary endpoint was the objective measurement of continence (24-hour pad test). Secondarily, we measured the satisfaction and complication rates. METHODS: This prospective, non-randomized study included 128 patients with SUI...
August 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798149/on-the-utility-of-accelerometers-to-predict-stroke-rate-using-captive-fur-seals-and-sea-lions
#16
Monique A Ladds, David A Rosen, David J Slip, Robert G Harcourt
Energy expenditure of free-living fur seals and sea lions is difficult to measure directly, but may be indirectly derived from flipper stroke rate. We filmed 10 captive otariids swimming with accelerometers either attached to a harness (Daily Diary: sampling frequency 32Hz, N=4) or taped to the fur (G6a+: 25Hz, N=6). We used down sampling to derive four recording rates from each accelerometer (Daily Diary: 32, 16, 8, 4Hz; G6a+: 25, 20, 10, 5Hz). For each of these sampling frequencies we derived 20 combinations of two parameters (RMW - the window size used to calculate the running mean, and m - the minimum number of points smaller than the local maxima used to detect a peak), from the dynamic acceleration of x, z and x+z, to estimate stroke rate from the accelerometers...
August 10, 2017: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793390/interventions-for-maintaining-nasogastric-feeding-after-stroke-an-integrative-review-of-effectiveness-and-acceptability
#17
REVIEW
Catherine Mahoney, Linda Veitch
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness and acceptability of interventions for maintaining nasogastric tubes (NGT) in adult stroke patients. BACKGROUND: Internationally, incidence of Cerebral Vascular Disease (CVD) continues to increase and stroke is the largest cause of complex disability in adults. Dysphagia is common following a stroke which necessitates feeding via a NGT. NGT are not well tolerated by stroke patients and may be frequently dislodged...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792204/poly-vinylidene-fluoride-flexible-nanocomposite-films-with-dopamine-coated-giant-dielectric-ceramic-nanopowders-ba-fe0-5ta0-5-o3-for-high-energy-storage-density-at-low-electric-field
#18
Zhuo Wang, Tian Wang, Chun Wang, Yujia Xiao, Panpan Jing, Yongfei Cui, Yongping Pu
Ba(Fe0.5Ta0.5)O3/poly(vinylidene fluoride) (BFT/PVDF) flexible nanocomposite films are fabricated by tape-casting using dopamine (DA) modified BFT nanopowders and PVDF as matrix polymer. After surface modification by DA layer with a thickness of 5 nm, the interfacial couple interaction between BFT and PVDF is enhanced, resulting in less hole defects at the interface. Then the dielectric constant ('), loss tangent (tan δ) and AC conductivity of nanocomposite films are reduced. Meanwhile, the value of reduced dielectric constant (Δ') and strength of interfacial polarization (k) is introduced to illustrate the effect of DA on dielectric behavior of nanocomposite films...
August 9, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791696/comparison-of-a-paediatric-emergency-ruler-with-a-digital-algorithm-for-weight-and-age-estimation
#19
Ch Both, A Schmitz, P K Buehler, J Wittwer, M Weiss, A R Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Emergency tapes like the "Paediatric-Emergency-Ruler" (PaedER) provide drug dosing and recommend medical airway equipment based on estimated patient bodyweight and age. Previous studies have revealed unsatisfactory accuracy in bodyweight estimation, due to the tapes' length-based weight categories. Therefore, we developed a digital algorithm allowing continuous length-based estimation of weight and age. The aim of this study was to compare the new algorithm with the PaedER regarding accuracy in estimating bodyweight and recommendation of medical airway equipment...
August 9, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781933/effects-of-kinesio-%C3%A2-taping-on-dynamic-balance-following-fatigue-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Noh Zulfikri, Maria Justine
The objective of the study was to determine the effects of Kinesio taping (KT) in inhibiting fatigue and preserving dynamic balance. Male recreational athletes were recruited to participate in this study. Participants were blinded from the group assignment and divided into four groups (Group A; KT and fatigue, Group B; no tape and fatigue, Group C; KT and no fatigue and Group D; no tape and no fatigue) using sequentially opaque, sealed envelopes. Pre and post measurements of Modified Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) composite score and normalized reach distance were used to measure dynamic balance...
2017: Physical Therapy Research
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