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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801040/extracorporeal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-for-blunt-cardiac-rupture-a-case-report
#1
Shunsuke Kudo, Keiji Tanaka, Kunihiko Okada, Takahiro Takemura
Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) followed by operating room sternotomy, rather than resuscitative thoracotomy, might be life-saving for patients with blunt cardiac rupture and cardiac arrest who do not have multiple severe traumatic injuries. A 49-year-old man was injured in a vehicle crash and transferred to the emergency department. On admission, he was hemodynamically stable, but a plain chest radiograph revealed a widened mediastinum, and echocardiography revealed hemopericardium. A computed tomography scan revealed hemopericardium and mediastinal hematoma, without other severe traumatic injuries...
August 5, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704294/early-detection-of-neonatal-hypoxic-ischemic-white-matter-injury-an-mr-diffusion-tensor-imaging-study
#2
Youngseob Seo, Geun-Tae Kim, Jin Wook Choi
The purpose of this study was to compare diffusion tensor metrics in normal age-matched neonates with survivors of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Thirty-five normal, 27 HIE, and 13 ECMO infants underwent MRI at 3 T. Neurodevelopmental assessments were performed. Fractional anisotropy (FA), axial diffusivity (AD), and radial diffusivity (RD) of the inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus, inferior longitudinal fasciculus, anterior commissure, genu corpus callosum and splenium of the corpus callosum, anterior and posterior limb of the internal capsule, superior longitudinal fasciculus, and the centrum semiovale were analyzed with tract-based spatial statistics modified for use in neonates...
September 6, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688059/a-case-of-severe-refractory-hypotension-after-amlodipine-overdose
#3
Melissa Chudow, Kevin Ferguson
Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) are responsible for a substantial portion of the mortality associated with cardiovascular medication overdose cases. Amlodipine, a dihydropyridine CCB, can cause prolonged hypotension in overdose. This report describes a severe amlodipine overdose case that was refractory to multiple therapeutic approaches. A 53-year-old male presented after ingesting eighty 10 mg amlodipine tablets in a suicide attempt. The patient was initially managed with calcium boluses, glucagon, multiple vasoactive agents, lipid emulsion infusions and hyperinsulinemic euglycemic therapy...
July 7, 2017: Cardiovascular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643997/brain-monitoring-in-adult-and-pediatric-ecmo-patients-the-importance-of-early-and-late-assessments
#4
Roberto Lorusso, Fabio S Taccone, Mirko Belliato, Thijs Delnoij, Paolo Zanatta, Mirjana Cvetkovic, Mark Davidson, Jan Belohlavek, Nashwa Matta, Carl Davis, Hanneke Ijsselstijn, Thomas Mueller, Ralf Muellenbach, Dirk Donker, Piero David, Matteo Di Nardo, Dirk Vlasselaers, Dinis Dos Reis Miranda, Aparna Hoskote
Monitoring brain integrity and neuro-cognitive function is a new and important target for the management of a patient treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), in particular because of the increasing awareness of cerebral abnormalities that may potentially occur in this setting. Continuous regular monitoring, as well as repeated assessment for cerebral complications has become an essential element of the ECMO patient management. Besides well-known complications, like bleeding, ischemic stroke, seizures, and brain hypoperfusion, other less defined yet relevant injury and clinical manifestations are increasingly reported and impacting on ECMO patient prognosis at short term...
June 22, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503704/use-of-eeg-in-critically-ill-children-and-neonates-in-the-united-states-of-america
#5
Marina Gaínza-Lein, Iván Sánchez Fernández, Tobias Loddenkemper
The objective of the study was to estimate the proportion of patients who receive an electroencephalogram (EEG) among five common indications for EEG monitoring in the intensive care unit: traumatic brain injury (TBI), extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), cardiac arrest, cardiac surgery and hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). We performed a retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study utilizing the Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) for the years 2010-2012. The KID is the largest pediatric inpatient database in the USA and it is based on discharge reports created by hospitals for billing purposes...
June 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497496/percutaneous-left-atrial-decompression-in-adults-with-refractory-cardiogenic-shock-supported-with-veno-arterial-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#6
Mosaad Alhussein, Mark Osten, Eric Horlick, Heather Ross, Eddy Fan, Vivek Rao, Filio Billia
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Left ventricular (LV) distention, a recognized complication in patients supported with veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) for refractory cardiogenic shock, can lead to pulmonary edema, increased myocardial oxygen consumption, and LV thrombus formation. Atrial septostomy was examined as a management strategy for LV distension. METHODS: Of 72 patients supported with VA-ECMO, seven patients underwent atrial septostomy through a trans-septal approach...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469686/left-ventricular-mechanical-support-with-the-impella-during-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#7
Kasra Moazzami, Elena V Dolmatova, Thomas P Cocke, Elie Elmann, Pranay Vaidya, Arthur F Ng, Kumar Satya, Rajeev L Narayan
Background: Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) provides systemic arterial support without directly unloading the left heart, which causes an elevated left ventricular (LV) pressure. The aim of the present study was to investigate the adjunctive application of the Impella device for LV unloading in patients during ECMO. Methods: This retrospective cohort study included patients who received Impella support in addition to venoarterial ECMO between April 2012 and December 2015. ECMO cannulation was performed peripherally or centrally, while the Impella device was surgically inserted into the femoral artery or the right axillary artery...
January 2017: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394816/brain-mri-findings-in-pediatric-patients-post-ecmo
#8
Venessa L Pinto, Sumit Pruthi, Ashly C Westrick, Chevis N Shannon, Brian C Bridges, Truc M Le
Neurologic complications can occur with ECMO due to several factors. Prior studies identified neonates as having unique risk factors and neuro-imaging findings post-ECMO. The aim of this study is to describe brain MRI findings of pediatric patients treated with ECMO. We conducted a retrospective study of non-neonatal pediatric patients who underwent a comprehensive brain MRI after ECMO, between January 2000 and July 2015. We identified 47 pediatric patients in the study cohort with a median age of 8 months (IQR 3-170mo) and a median ECMO run duration of 7...
April 6, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278259/prognostic-value-of-cerebral-tissue-oxygen-saturation-during-neonatal-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#9
Marie-Philippine Clair, Jérôme Rambaud, Adrien Flahault, Romain Guedj, Julia Guilbert, Isabelle Guellec, Amélie Durandy, Maryne Demoulin, Sandrine Jean, Delphine Mitanchez, François Chalard, Chiara Sileo, Ricardo Carbajal, Sylvain Renolleau, Pierre-Louis Léger
OBJECTIVES: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support is indicated in severe and refractory respiratory or circulatory failures. Neurological complications are typically represented by acute ischemic or hemorrhagic lesions, which induce higher morbidity and mortality. The primary goal of this study was to assess the prognostic value of cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (StcO2) on mortality in neonates and young infants treated with ECMO. A secondary objective was to evaluate the association between StcO2 and the occurrence of cerebral lesions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749813/craniectomy-and-traumatic-brain-injury-in-children-on-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-support-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Pilar Anton-Martin, Bruno Braga, Stephen Megison, Janna Journeycake, Jessica Moreland
Severe trauma may cause refractory life-threatening respiratory failure requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Concurrent traumatic brain injury, however, complicates the use of ECMO because of the major risk of intracranial bleeding with systemic anticoagulation. Craniotomy and/or craniectomy for hematoma evacuation during ECMO are extremely high-risk procedures secondary to ongoing anticoagulation, and there are only a few such case reports in the literature.We present the case of a child with multiple thoracic injuries and life-threatening respiratory failure supported on ECMO...
October 4, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460305/the-organ-preservation-and-enhancement-of-donation-success-ratio-effect-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-circulatory-unstable-brain-death-donor
#11
Xiaoli Fan, Zhiquan Chen, David Nasralla, Xianpeng Zeng, Jing Yang, Shaojun Ye, Yi Zhang, Guizhu Peng, Yanfeng Wang, Qifa Ye
Between 2010 and 2013, we recorded 66 cases of failed organ donation after brain death (DBD) due to the excessive use of the vasoactive drugs resulting in impaired hepatic and/or renal function. To investigate the effect of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in donor management, ECMO was used to provide support for DBD donors with circulatory and/or respiratory failure from 2013 to 2015. A retrospective cohort study between circulatory non-stable DBD with vasoactive drugs (DBD-drug) and circulatory non-stable DBD with ECMO (DBD-ECMO) was designed to compare the transplant outcomes...
October 2016: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442858/ecmo-maintains-cerebral-blood-flow-during-endotoxic-shock-in-piglets
#12
Sherreen G Batts, Thornton S Mu, Jane H Uyehara-Lock, Lee-Ann Murata, Catherine F T Uyehara
Cerebrovascular injury while on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) may be caused by excessive brain perfusion during hypoxemic reperfusion. Previous studies have postulated that the most vulnerable period of time for cerebrovascular injury is during the transfer period to ECMO. Therefore, our objective was to compare brain perfusion and hemodynamics in a piglet endotoxic shock ECMO model. The effect of ECMO flow on microcirculation of different brain regions was compared between 10 control pigs and six pigs (7-10 kg) administered IV endotoxin to achieve a drop in mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) of at least 30%...
November 2016: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432096/successful-management-of-a-patient-with-refractory-ventricular-fibrillation-vf-due-to-acute-myocardial-infarction-ami-and-lung-injury-by-transition-from-percutaneous-cardiopulmonary-support-pcps-to-veno-venous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-ecmo
#13
Atsushi Sato, Kikuo Isoda, Yodo Gatate, Koji Akita, Hiroyuki Daida
A 69-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with cardiopulmonary arrest. Percutaneous cardio-pulmonary support (PCPS) using the right femoral artery and vein was initiated, because ventricular fibrillation continued. Although we succeeded in defibrillation after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), a chest radiograph indicated a pneumothorax in the right lung and a pulmonic contusion in the left lung caused by cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Two days after PCI, partial pressure of arterial oxygen (PaO2) from the right radial artery suddenly decreased, and his cardiac function showed improvement on an echocardiogram...
2016: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27316915/french-intensive-care-society-international-congress-r%C3%A3-animation-2016
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27032012/early-initiation-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-improves-survival-in-adult-trauma-patients-with-severe-adult-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#15
Patrick L Bosarge, Lauren Allen Raff, Gerald McGwin, Shannon L Carroll, Scott C Bellot, Enrique Diaz-Guzman, Jeffrey D Kerby
BACKGROUND: The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in the trauma population has been reported to have a mortality benefit in patients with severe refractory hypoxic respiratory failure. This study compares the early initiation of ECMO for the management of severe adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) versus a historical control immediately preceding the use of ECMO for trauma patients. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted at a single verified Level I trauma center...
August 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27007107/brain-injury-during-venovenous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#16
Charles-Edouard Luyt, Nicolas Bréchot, Pierre Demondion, Tamara Jovanovic, Guillaume Hékimian, Guillaume Lebreton, Ania Nieszkowska, Matthieu Schmidt, Jean-Louis Trouillet, Pascal Leprince, Jean Chastre, Alain Combes
PURPOSE: The frequency of neurological events and their impact on patients receiving venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) are unknown. We therefore study the epidemiology, risk factors, and impact of cerebral complications occurring in VV-ECMO patients. METHODS: Observational study conducted in a tertiary referral center (2006-2012) on patients developing a neurological complication (ischemic stroke or intracranial bleeding) while on VV-ECMO versus those who did not, and a systematic review on this topic...
May 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26895322/neurological-injuries-and-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-the-challenge-of-the-new-ecmo-era
#17
Gennaro Martucci, Vincenzina Lo Re, Antonio Arcadipane
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a life-saving mechanical respiratory and/or circulatory support for potentially reversible severe heart or respiratory injury untreatable with conventional therapies. Thanks to the technical and management improvements the use of ECMO has increased dramatically in the last few years. Data in the literature show a progressive increase in the overall outcome. Considering the improving survival rate of patients on ECMO, and the catastrophic effect of neurological injuries in such patients, the topic of neurological damage during the ICU stay in ECMO is gaining importance...
July 2016: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26536537/heart-procurement-from-a-donor-on-venovenous-ecmo-support
#18
Gopal Singh, Masaki Tsukashita, Mauer Biscotti, Joseph Costa, Daniel Lambert, Matthew Bacchetta, Hiroo Takayama
We report the case of a 37-year-old woman with acute respiratory distress syndrome and became a candidate for organ donation after anoxic brain injury and was on a venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) support. On preoperative evaluation and gross examination, the donor's heart was acceptable for heart transplantation to a 62-year-old female patient with a history of nonischemic cardiomyopathy with a HeartMate II mechanical assist device. Orthotopic heart transplantation was successfully performed in the recipient...
May 2016: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26383007/saving-life-and-brain-with-extracorporeal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-a-single-center-analysis-of-in-hospital-cardiac-arrests
#19
Graham Peigh, Nicholas Cavarocchi, Hitoshi Hirose
OBJECTIVE: Despite advances in medical care, survival to discharge and full neurologic recovery after cardiac arrest remains less than 20% after cardiopulmonary resuscitation. An alternate approach to traditional cardiopulmonary resuscitation is extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation, which places patients on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation and provides immediate cardiopulmonary support when traditional resuscitation has been unsuccessful...
November 2015: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26334555/using-ultrasonography-to-monitor-liver-blood-flow-for-liver-transplant-from-donors-supported-on-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#20
Xian-Sheng Zhu, Sha-Sha Wang, Qi Cheng, Chuang-Wen Ye, Feng Huo, Peng Li
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been used to support brain-dead donors for liver procurement. This study investigated the potential role of ultrasonographic monitoring of hepatic perfusion as an aid to improve the viability of liver transplants obtained from brain-dead donors who are supported on ECMO. A total of 40 brain-dead patients maintained on ECMO served as the study population. Hepatic blood flow was monitored using ultrasonography, and perioperative optimal perfusion was maintained by calibrating ECMO...
February 2016: Liver Transplantation
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