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ECMO Trauma

Pilar Anton-Martin, Bruno Braga, Stephen Megison, Janna Journeycake, Jessica Moreland
Severe trauma may cause refractory life-threatening respiratory failure requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Concurrent traumatic brain injury, however, complicates the use of ECMO because of the major risk of intracranial bleeding with systemic anticoagulation. Craniotomy and/or craniectomy for hematoma evacuation during ECMO are extremely high-risk procedures secondary to ongoing anticoagulation, and there are only a few such case reports in the literature.We present the case of a child with multiple thoracic injuries and life-threatening respiratory failure supported on ECMO...
October 4, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Manuela Bonizzoli, Chiara Lazzeri, Giovanni Cianchi, Maria Boddi, Morena Cozzolino, Simona Di Valvasone, Paolo Terenzi, Stefano Batacchi, Marco Chiostri, Adriano Peris
BACKGROUND: Serial lactate measurements over time or lactate clearance has been reported to be clinically reliable for risk stratification in different pathologic conditions ranging from sepsis to trauma, but no data are so far available on the behavior of lactate during venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) support in refractory adult acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). METHODS: We assessed lactate values during VV-ECMO support and the prognostic role of lactate clearance at 6, 24, and 72 hours after ECMO start in 126 consecutive patients with refractory ARDS treated with VV-ECMO...
September 22, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Yoshihisa Morimoto, Takaki Sugimoto, Fumiya Haba, Hideki Sakahira
INTRODUCTION: There are many publications reporting the use of TachoSil sheets for sutureless repair. Trauma doctors have recently reported that chitosan-based sheets can efficiently achieve hemostasis for active bleeding. PRESENTATION OF CASE: An 85-year-old man was diagnosed with left ventricle free wall rupture that caused cardiac tamponade and cardiogenic shock. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenator (ECMO) was started immediately and surgical repair was planned...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Sotirios Marinakis, Marco Burki, Saad Abdel-Sayed, Ludwig Karl von Segesser
In extreme situations such as hyperacute rejection of heart transplant or major heart trauma, heart explantation and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) hemodynamic support might be the only means for survival. In our previous model of acardia, pulmonary artery (PA) was clamped and did not receive any anterograde blood flow. A model of anterograde PA perfusion might be necessary to avoid ischemic pulmonary damage in prolonged ECMO in acardia. The aim of this study was to describe the surgical technique and to determine the feasibility of an anterograde lung perfusion in acardia through the anastomosis of the right internal mammary artery (RIMA) to the PA...
September 2016: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
David Zonies
Extracorporeal life support has evolved considerably over the past two decades. Once considered as salvage or experimental therapy in adults, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is evolving into a mainstream treatment for adult critical care. This is especially true in trauma and high-risk surgical patients, who have traditionally been excluded from consideration. Several technological advances have made this possible. This includes anticoagulant-bonded circuits, device miniaturization, servo-regulated centrifugal systems, and more efficient oxygenators...
June 9, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Chia-Hsuin Chang, Hsi-Chieh Chen, James L Caffrey, Jiun Hsu, Jou-Wei Lin, Mei-Shu Lai, Yih-Sharng Chen
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) provides circulatory and respiratory support for patients with severe acute cardiopulmonary failure. The objective of this study was to examine the survival outcomes for patients who received ECMO. METHODS AND RESULTS: Adult patients who received ECMO from September 1, 2002, to December 31, 2012, were identified from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database associated with coronary artery bypass graft surgery, myocardial infarction/cardiogenic shock, injury, and infection/septic shock...
June 14, 2016: Circulation
Sebastian Lotzien, Thomas A Schildhauer, Mirko Aach, Justus Strauch, Justyna Swol
OBJECTIVE: Trauma-related spinal cord injury (SCI) leads to a loss of motor, sensory and vegetative functions and is disproportionately associated with respiratory complications. SCI has a significant impact on respiratory muscle function and can lead to respiratory dysfunction or severe lung failure. PARTICIPANTS: Between 2008 and 2014, 7 patients with severe lung failure following SCI received veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) n = 5 and interventional lung assist (iLA) n = 2...
March 9, 2016: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Shotaro Aso, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi, Hideo Yasunaga
BACKGROUND: The mortality rate of severely ill patients treated with venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) remains unknown because of differences in patient background, clinical settings, and sample sizes between studies. We determined the in-hospital mortality of VA-ECMO patients and the proportion weaned from VA-ECMO using a national inpatient database in Japan. METHODS: Patients aged ≥ 19 years who received VA-ECMO during hospitalization for cardiogenic shock, pulmonary embolism, hypothermia, poisoning, or trauma between 1 July 2010 and 31 March 2013 were identified, using The Japanese Diagnosis Procedure Combination national inpatient database...
2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Chih-Yu Chen, Ju Tsai, Tai-Yi Hsu, Wan-Yu Lai, Wei-Kung Chen, Chih-Hsin Muo, Chia-Hung Kao
Refractory cardiac arrhythmia, which has a poor response to defibrillation and antiarrhythmia medication, is a complicated problem for clinical physicians during resuscitation. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) may be used to sustain life in this situation. ECMO is useful for cardiopulmonary resuscitation among patients suffering from cardiac arrest; the use of ECMO in this context is called E-cardiopulmonary resuscitation. However, a large-scale and nationwide survey of ECMO usage in cases involving refractory cardiac arrhythmia during resuscitation is lacking...
March 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Patrick L Bosarge, Lauren Allen Raff, Gerald McGwin, Shannon L Carroll, Scott C Bellot, Enrique Diaz-Guzman, Jeffrey D Kerby
BACKGROUND: The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in the trauma population has been reported to have a mortality benefit in patients with severe refractory hypoxic respiratory failure. This study compares the early initiation of ECMO for the management of severe adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) versus a historical control immediately preceding the use of ECMO for trauma patients. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted at a single verified Level I trauma center...
August 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Hugo Kjellemo, Andreas E Hansen, Dennis A Øines, Thor O Nilsen, Lars Wik
Survival from pediatric cardiac arrest due to trauma has been reported to be 0.0%-8.8%. Some argue that resuscitation efforts in the case of trauma-related cardiac arrests are futile. We describe a successful outcome in the case of a child who suffered cardiac arrest caused by external traumatic airway obstruction. Our case illustrates how to deal with pediatric traumatic cardiac arrests in an out-of-hospital environment. It also illustrates how good clinical treatment in these situations may be supported by correct treatment after hospital admission when it is impossible to ventilate the patient to provide sufficient oxygen delivery to vital organs...
May 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
Jordan V Jacobs, Nicole M Hooft, Brenton R Robinson, Emily Todd, Ross M Bremner, Scott R Petersen, Michael A Smith
BACKGROUND: Reports documenting the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) after blunt thoracic trauma are scarce. We used a large, multicenter database to examine outcomes when ECMO was used in treating patients with blunt thoracic trauma. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of ECMO patients in the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization database between 1998 and 2014. The diagnostic code for blunt pulmonary contusion (861.21, DRG International Classification of Diseases-9th Rev...
December 2015: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Karla Lehle, Alois Philipp, Florian Zeman, Dirk Lunz, Matthias Lubnow, Hans-Peter Wendel, Laszlo Göbölös, Christof Schmid, Thomas Müller
The aim of the study was to explore the prevalence and risk factors for technical-induced hemolysis in adults supported with veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (vvECMO) and to analyze the effect of hemolytic episodes on outcome. This was a retrospective, single-center study that included 318 adult patients (Regensburg ECMO Registry, 2009-2014) with acute respiratory failure treated with different modern miniaturized ECMO systems. Free plasma hemoglobin (fHb) was used as indicator for hemolysis...
2015: PloS One
Samuel Jacob, Andrew Courtwright, Souheil El-Chemaly, Emilian Racila, Miguel Divo, Patrick Burkett, Anne Fuhlbrigge, Hilary J Goldberg, Ivan O Rosas, Phillip Camp
OBJECTIVES: Fat embolism is a known complication of severe trauma and closed chest cardiac resuscitation both of which are more common in the lung transplant donor population and can lead to donor-acquired fat embolism syndrome (DAFES). The objective was to review the diagnosis and management of DAFES in the lung transplantation literature and at our centre. METHODS: We performed a literature review on DAFES using the Medline database. We then reviewed the transplant record of Brigham and Women's Hospital, a large academic hospital with an active lung transplant programme, for cases of DAFES...
May 2016: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Nicolas J Prat, Andrew D Meyer, Thomas Langer, Robbie K Montgomery, Bijaya K Parida, Andriy I Batchinsky, Andrew P Cap
BACKGROUND: Over 32% of burned battlefield causalities develop trauma-induced hypoxic respiratory failure, also known as acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Recently, 9 out of 10 US combat soldiers' survived life-threatening trauma-induced ARDS supported with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), a portable form of cardiopulmonary bypass. Unfortunately, the size, incidence of coagulation complications, and the need for systematic anticoagulation for traditional ECMO devices have prevented widespread use of this lifesaving technology...
December 2015: Shock
Gagandeep Dhillon, Palepu B Gopal, Akshata S Kamat, K P Mulavisala
We report a case of 27-year-old male with lung contusions related acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) managed by ARDSNet guidelines and additional hypothermia. On 4(th) day, post trauma partial pressure of oxygen dropped to 38 mm of mercury (Hg), not improving even on high positive end-expiratory pressure of 18 cm water (H2O), inverse ratio ventilation and fraction of inspired oxygen of 1. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was ruled out due to the risk of hemorrhage from trauma sites. Thereafter, hypothermia along with muscle paralysis was considered to reduce total body oxygen consumption...
June 2015: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Tomasz Darocha, Sylweriusz Kosiński, Anna Jarosz, Rafal Drwila
The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is a new approach to rewarming patients with severe hypothermia and hemodynamic instability. There are, however, many questions regarding qualification for this technique in case of suspected or confirmed trauma.A male with confirmed accidental hypothermia (25°C) and after successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation from in-hospital cardiac arrest was subjected to a protocol of extracorporeal rewarming from profound hypothermia. Because of unclear history, a full trauma computed tomography was performed that showed pericerebral hematoma and signs of previously undergone right craniotomy, multiple right-sided rib fractures and the presence of intraperitoneal fluid...
July 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
Rajesh Ramanathan, Patricia Leavell, Catherine Mays, Therese M Duane
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is among the leading causes of death in the United States, and patients undergoing surgical procedures are at greater risk for infectious complications. The incidence of sepsis and its association with outcomes among patients undergoing surgical procedures in various specialties were investigated. Additionally, the infectious sources and associated primary procedures were reported for sepsis-related deaths. METHODS: Patients undergoing procedures performed by surgical services at our academic medical center between January 2010 and June 2013 were reviewed...
August 2015: Surgical Infections
Kevin E Griffith, Eric Jenkins, William Copenhaver, David M Williams
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was introduced to clinical medicine over 40 years ago. While initially used as a treatment for acute respiratory failure in infants, the use of ECMO has grown to include respiratory and circulatory failure in both children and adults, cardiogenic shock, pulmonary embolism, sepsis, trauma, malignancy, pulmonary hemorrhage and as a treatment for hypothermic drowning.(1) Recent technological improvements in ECMO circuitry make it possible to minimize anticoagulation of the ECMO patient, decreasing the incidence of bleeding...
March 2016: Perfusion
Martin Gothner, Dirk Buchwald, Justus T Strauch, Thomas A Schildhauer, Justyna Swol
BACKGROUND: The use of a double lumen cannula for veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (v.v. ECMO) offers several advantages such as cannulation with only one cannula, patient comfort and the earlier mobilization and physiotherapy. The cannulation should be performed under visual wire and cannula placement into the right atrium, which is associated with risks of malposition and right ventricular perforation. The aim of this patient series is to describe the use of double lumen cannula in trauma patients with posttraumatic ARDS...
March 28, 2015: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
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