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Paz María Salazar-Schettino, Margarita Cabrera-Bravo, Clara Vazquez-Antona, Edgar Zenteno, Mariana De Alba-Alvarado, Elia Torres Gutierrez, Yolanda Guevara Gomez, María Gabriela Perera-Salazar, Guadalupe Garcia de la Torre, Martha Irene Bucio-Torres
Chagas disease is a parasitic infection mainly found in Latin America; it is transmitted by a triatomine, also known as assassin bug or kissing bug. In humans, the parasite causes mostly cardiac disorders. Two-thirds of the Mexican territory are regarded as risk areas for vector transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi, the causal agent. The parasite can be found as a blood-borne trypomastigote or as an intracellular amastigote. The progression and severity of lesions could be due to frequent reinfections or to infection by highly virulent strains...
2016: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Miguel Equihua, Sergio Ibáñez-Bernal, Griselda Benítez, Israel Estrada-Contreras, César A Sandoval-Ruiz, Fredy S Mendoza-Palmero
The study was conducted in the central region of Veracruz Mexico, in the metropolitan area of Xalapa. It is a mountainous area where Aedes aegypti (L.) is not currently endemic. An entomological survey was done along an elevation gradient using the Ae. aegypti occurrences at different life cycle stages. Seven sites were sampled and a total of 24 mosquito species were recorded: 9 species were found in urban areas, 18 in non-urban areas with remnant vegetation, and 3 occurred in both environments. Ae. aegypti was found only in the urban areas, usually below 1,200m a...
November 15, 2016: Acta Tropica
Aldo I Ortega-Morales, Sarai M Cueto-Medina, Quetzaly K Siller Rodríguez
The occurrence of the Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus , has been reported in the Mexican states of Tamaulipas, Nuevo León, Coahuila (northeastern), Veracruz, Chiapas, Quintana Roo (southeastern), Morelos, San Luis Potosí (middle), and Sinaloa (northwestern). In April and September 2012, Ae. albopictus was collected in a variety of habitats and landing/biting on the collecting personnel in 12 counties of Hidalgo state (middle). This is the first record of the occurrence of this species in Hidalgo state...
September 2016: Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
Reyna Del C Lara-Severino, Miguel A Camacho-López, Edgar Casanova-González, Leobardo M Gómez-Oliván, Ángel H Sandoval-Trujillo, Keila Isaac-Olivé, Ninfa Ramírez-Durán
The use of native strains of microorganisms from soils is an excellent option for bioremediation. To our knowledge, until now there has been no other group working on the isolation of Actinobacteria from contaminated soils in Mexico. In this study, samples of soils close to areas with oil activity in the State of Veracruz, Mexico, were inoculated for the isolation of Actinobacteria. The strains isolated were characterized morphologically, and the concentrations of NaCl and pH were determined for optimal growth...
March 2016: International Microbiology: the Official Journal of the Spanish Society for Microbiology
Diana Ortiz-Gamino, Paulino Pérez-Rodríguez, Angel I Ortiz-Ceballos
The tropical earthworm Pontoscolex corethrurus (Rhinodrilidae, Oligochaeta) presents a broad distribution (e.g., 56 countries from four continents). It is generally assumed that temperature appears to limit the success of tropical exotic species in temperate climates. However, the distribution range of this species could advance towards higher elevations (with lower temperatures) where no tropical species currently occur. The aim of this study was to evaluate the soil and climatic variables that could be closely associated with the distribution of P...
2016: PeerJ
Adrián Nieto-Montes de Oca, Anthony J Barley, Rubi N Meza-Lázaro, Uri O García-Vázquez, Joan G Zamora-Abrego, Robert C Thomson, Adam D Leaché
Middle American knob-scaled lizards of the genus Xenosaurus are a unique radiation of viviparous species that are generally characterized by a flattened body shape and a crevice-dwelling ecology. Only eight species of Xenosaurus, one of them with five subspecies (X. grandis), have been formally described. However, species limits within Xenosaurus have never been examined using molecular data, and no complete phylogeny of the genus has been published. Here, we used ddRADseq data from all of the described and potentially undescribed taxa of Xenosaurus to investigate species limits, and to obtain a phylogenetic hypothesis for the genus...
October 5, 2016: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Catya Jimenez-Torres, Irmene Ortiz, Pablo San-Martin, R Idalia Hernandez-Herrera
The objective of this study was to evaluate the capacity of two bacterial strains isolated, cultivated, and purified from agricultural soils of Veracruz, Mexico, for biodegradation and mineralisation of malathion (diethyl 2-(dimethoxyphosphorothioyl) succinate) and α- and β-endosulfan (6,7,8,9,10,10-hexachloro-1,5,5a,6,9,9a-hexahydro-6-9-methano-2,4,3-benzodioxathiepine-3-oxide). The isolated bacterial strains were identified using biochemical and morphological characterization and the analysis of their 16S rDNA gene, as Enterobacter cloacae strain PMM16 (E1) and E...
December 2016: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
Dulce Maria Juarez-Eusebio, Daniela Munro-Rojas, Raquel Muñiz-Salazar, Rafael Laniado-Laborín, Jose Armando Martinez-Guarneros, Carlos A Flores-López, Roberto Zenteno-Cuevas
Mexico is one of the most important contributors of multidrug resistance tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in Latin-America, however little is known about the molecular characteristics of these strains. For this reason, the objective of this work was to determine the genotype and characterize polymorphisms in genes associated with resistance to rifampicin, isoniazid, and second-line drugs in isolates from two regions of Mexico with high prevalence of drug resistant tuberculosis. Clinical isolates from individuals with confirmed MDR-TB were genotyped using MIRU-VNTR 12 loci...
September 13, 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
R Delgado-Dávila, S Martén-Rodríguez, G Huerta-Ramos
This study tested the hypothesis that self-compatibility would be associated with floral traits that facilitate autonomous self-pollination to ensure reproduction under low pollinator visitation. In a comparison of two pairs of Ipomoea species with contrasting breeding systems, we predicted that self-compatible (SC) species would have smaller, less variable flowers, reduced herkogamy, lower pollinator visitation and higher reproductive success than their self-incompatible (SI) congeners. We studied sympatric species pairs, I...
September 16, 2016: Plant Biology
Luis Canseco-Márquez, Carlos J Pavón-Vázquez, Marco Antonio López-Luna, Adrián Nieto-Montes de Oca
A new species of the Geophis dubius group is described from the mountains of the Sierra Zongolica in west-central Veracruz and the Sierra de Quimixtlán in central-east Puebla. The new species is most similar to Geophis duellmani and Geophis turbidus, which are endemic to the mountains of northern Oaxaca and the Sierra Madre Oriental of Puebla and Hidalgo, respectively. However, the new species differs from Geophis duellmani by the presence of postocular and supraocular scales and from Geophis turbidus by having a bicolor dorsum...
2016: ZooKeys
José Alberto Díaz-Quiñonez, Irma López-Martínez, Belem Torres-Longoria, Mauricio Vázquez-Pichardo, Edith Cruz-Ramírez, José Ernesto Ramírez-González, Cuitláhuac Ruiz-Matus, Pablo Kuri-Morales
To assess the possible circulation of Zika virus (ZIKV) prior to the first documented case in Mexico, we reanalyzed the stored samples from the states of Veracruz and Yucatán, which were originally collected to test for dengue (DENV) and chikungunya (CHIKV) but were negative for these viruses despite the symptomatology. The samples were originally collected between the 30 and 46 epidemiological weeks (EW) when the ZIKV was not yet declared as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). From the total 4016 negative samples, a total of one hundred samples, 50 from Veracruz (CHIK(-) DENV(-)) and 50 from Yucatán (4 CHIK(-) DENV(-) and 46 CHIK(-) or DENV(-)), were tested for Zika virus by using RT-PCR...
August 24, 2016: Virus Genes
Victor M Bandala, Leticia Montoya, Antero Ramos
Two species of Lactarius from the subtropical montane cloud forest of central Veracruz are described as new. Both species are placed in subgenus Lactarius based on an accurate study of macro- and micromorphological features and supported by molecular phylogenetic analyses of a single nuc rDNA ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 (ITS), a concatenated ITS, D1, and D2 domains of nuc 28S rDNA (28S), and part of the second largest subunit of the RNA polymerase II (rpb2) (6-7 region) sequence datasets. In the phylogenetic reconstruction presented, the two species appear nested in two clearly distinct, well supported clades that reveal their phylogenetic position among members of subgenus Lactarius (= subg...
September 2016: Mycologia
G Martínez-Mier, S Esquivel-Torres, R A Alvarado-Arenas, A B Ortiz-Bayliss, F A Lajud-Barquín, S Zilli-Hernandez
INTRODUCTION: Liver resection has been associated with high morbidity and mortality, and the most serious complication is liver failure. Patient evaluation is limited to risk scales. The 50-50 criteria and bilirubin peak>7mg/dl have been used as mortality predictors. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors associated with morbidity and mortality for liver resection in our population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out on 51 patients that underwent liver resection...
August 12, 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
Yannick Dimitry Mang, Yanou Nicolas Njintang, Bouba Armand Abdou, Joel Scher, Clémence Bernard, Moses C Mbofung
The present work was carried out to evaluate the nutritive quality (proximate and antinutrients composition) of vegetable milks prepared from whole and dehulled mucuna bean flours. Casein and mucuna milk diets were fed to rats (four weeks old; n = 8 per group) for 28 days to determine protein efficiency ratio (PER), net protein efficiency ratio (NPER), true and apparent digestibility (TD and AD, respectively), organ-to-body weight ratios and hematological parameters. The experimental design was a factorial design with two variety of mucuna (cochinchinensis and veracruz) and two treatments (whole and dehulled beans)...
June 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Ignacio Cid Del Prado-Vera, Howard Ferris, Steven A Nadler
Three new species of Trischistoma and two new species of Tripylina (Trischistomatidae) are described. Trischistoma ripariana n. sp. was collected in the surface organic material and upper rhizosphere soil on a stream bank in Oakville, California, USA. It is characterized by a short, thin body, the vulva at 79-83%, a small index c (17-29) and a short tail, 34-57 µm. Trischistoma corticulensis n. sp. was found in moss on tree bark in a tropical forest at the La Mancha Ecological Institute, Veracruz State, México...
2016: Zootaxa
Ana Celia Montes De Oca-Aguilar, Eduardo A Rebollar-Téllez, Sergio Ibáñez-Bernal
The egg exochorion, larval instars and pupa of the phlebotomine sand fly Micropygomyia (Coquillettimyia) chiapanensis (Dampf) are described and illustrated based on specimens collected in the locality of Farallón, municipality of Actopan, Veracruz, Mexico. Morphology of fourth instar larval mouthparts, particularly the incisor lobe and molar lobe shape of mandible, could be important for species identification of immature Phlebotominae. In this work is compared the pupal chaetotaxy of Mi. chiapanensis with other species previously described...
2016: Zootaxa
Liliana Santos-Zea, Aratza Mireya Rosas-Pérez, Ana María Leal-Díaz, Janet A Gutiérrez-Uribe
Concentrated agave sap (CAS) has gained popularity as an unrefined sweetener. It is obtained by boiling "aguamiel" that contains phytochemicals with diverse bioactivities. Saponins have been the most widely studied agave phytochemicals due to their cancer antiproliferative effect but their concentration may vary due to maturity of the agave plant and collection site. In this study, 18 CAS samples produced in different states of Mexico were analyzed using multivariate methods to determine which physicochemical or phytochemical parameters were responsible for variation...
August 2016: Journal of Food Science
Ulises Razo-Mendivil, Adriana García-Vásquez, Miguel Rubio-Godoy
Over the course of one year, undescribed specimens of Gyrodactylus were recovered from banded tetra, Astyanax aeneus collected in the La Antigua and Nautla river basins in central Veracruz, Mexico. Parasites were processed for morphometric and molecular analyses. Morphometrically, Gyrodactylus samples collected in the La Antigua river had slightly smaller haptoral structures than those collected from the Nautla river. During the 12month-collection of samples, however, water temperature varied considerably (ca...
October 2016: Parasitology International
Yuri B Okolodkov, Guadalupe Campos-Bautista, Ismael Gárate-Lizárraga
A circadian rhythm of the dinoflagellate Peridinium quadridentatum was studied at a time-series station in the southwestern Gulf of Mexico, in May 2007. Different substrates (water column, the seagrass Thalassia testudinum, macroalgae, coral rubble and sandy sediment surface) were sampled at the site at 1.5-3.5m depth. In the samples of coral rubble, P. quadridentatum was scarce. In the water column, the species showed an abundance peak at 15:00. The cell abundance of P. quadridentatum in Thalassia samples increased from 15:00 until 18:00 (1...
July 15, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Christopher T Leffler, Ricardo D Wainsztein
We strove to identify the earliest cataract surgeons in Latin America. Probably by 1611, the Genovese oculist Francisco Drago was couching cataracts in Mexico City. The surgeon Melchor Vásquez de Valenzuela probably performed cataract couching in Lima by 1697. Juan Peré of France demonstrated cataract couching in Veracruz and Mexico City between 1779 and 1784. Juan Ablanedo of Spain performed couching in Veracruz in 1791. Cataract extraction might have been performed in Havana and Caracas by 1793 and in Mexico by 1797...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
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