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Beclin1

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345663/nuclear-localization-of-beclin-1-promotes-radiation-induced-dna-damage-repair-independent-of-autophagy
#1
Fei Xu, Yixuan Fang, Lili Yan, Lan Xu, Suping Zhang, Yan Cao, Li Xu, Xiaoying Zhang, Jialing Xie, Gaoyue Jiang, Chaorong Ge, Ni An, Daohong Zhou, Na Yuan, Jianrong Wang
Beclin 1 is a well-established core mammalian autophagy protein that is embryonically indispensable and has been presumed to suppress oncogenesis via an autophagy-mediated mechanism. Here, we show that Beclin 1 is a prenatal primary cytoplasmic protein but rapidly relocated into the nucleus during postnatal development in mice. Surprisingly, deletion of beclin1 in in vitro human cells did not block an autophagy response, but attenuated the expression of several DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair proteins and formation of repair complexes, and reduced an ability to repair DNA in the cells exposed to ionizing radiation (IR)...
March 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338195/tgf-%C3%AE-1-promotes-human-gastric-carcinoma-sgc7901-cells-invasion-by-inducing-autophagy
#2
J Shen, D-S Zhao, M-Z Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of TGF-b1 in autophagy and invasion ability in human gastric carcinoma cell line SGC7901. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cultured SGC7901 cells were treated with different concentrations of TGF-b1 for 24 h. The protein expression levels of autophagy relative marker LC3 and Beclin1 were detected by Western blot. The effect of TGF-b1 on invasion ability of SGC7901 cells was detected with transwell method. RESULTS: The results demonstrated that TGF-b1 was able to induced autophagy of SGC7901 cells in a dose-dependent manner...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337557/mir-9-enhances-the-sensitivity-of-a549-cells-to-cisplatin-by-inhibiting-autophagy
#3
Yan Zhang, Xia Meng, Cheng Li, Zhoulin Tan, Xinwei Guo, Zhiting Zhang, Tao Xi
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate that miR-9 inhibits autophagy by down-regulating Beclin1 and thus enhances the sensitivity of A549 cells to cisplatin. RESULTS: MiR-9 inhibited Beclin1 expression by binding to its 3'UTR. The inhibition decreased the cisplatin-induced autophagy in A549 cells, evidenced by the decreased expression of LC3II and GFP-LC3 puncta and the increased expression of P62. Upregulation of miR-9 level enhanced the sensibility of A549 cells to cisplatin and increased the cisplatin-induced apoptosis...
March 23, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320092/inhibition-of-pi3k-akt-mtor-signaling-pathway-promotes-autophagy-of-articular-chondrocytes-and-attenuates-inflammatory-response-in-rats-with-osteoarthritis
#4
Jian-Feng Xue, Zhong-Min Shi, Jian Zou, Xiao-Lin Li
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the relationship between PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway and autophagy of articular chondrocytes in rats with osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Rat articular chondrocytes were isolated and cultured, and then induced by protein inhibitors of PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway. Chondrocytes were assigned into blank group, IL-1β induction group (IL-1β group), PI3K inhibitor+IL-1β induction group (PI3Ki+IL-1β group), AKT inhibitor+IL-1β induction group (AKTi+IL-1β group) and mTOR inhibitor+IL-1β induction group (mTORi+IL-1β group)...
March 16, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316159/-mechanism-of-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-2-overexpression-improving-collagen-synthesis-in-lung
#5
Q J Yang, B B Zheng, N N Sun, M X Pan, Z M Zheng, Y Meng
Objective: To explore the mechanism of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) overexpression improving collagen synthesis in lung. Methods: Lung fibroblasts of mice over-expressing ACE2 and the wild type (WT) were cultured in vitro and divided into 5 groups: WT-control, WT-AngiotensinⅡ (AngⅡ), ACE2(+ /+) -control, ACE2(+ /+) -AngⅡ and ACE2(+ /+) -AngⅡ+ A779. The protein relative expression levels of ACE2, collagen Ⅰ, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase 4 (NOX4), nucleotide binding and oligomerization domain-like receptor family pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3), autophagy-related protein (Beclin1), ubiquitin-binding protein p62 (P62), microtubule-associated proteins light chain 3-Ⅱ (LC3-Ⅱ) were measured by Western blot and triphosadenine (ATP) level was measured by ATP Assay Kit...
March 14, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295567/melatonin-reverses-h2-o2-induced-senescence-in-sh-sy5y-cells-by-enhancing-autophagy-via-sirtuin-1-deacetylation-of-the-rela-p65-subunit-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb
#6
Chutikorn Nopparat, Puritat Sinjanakhom, Piyarat Govitrapong
Autophagy, a degradation mechanism that plays a major role in maintaining cellular homeostasis and diminishes in aging, is considered an aging characteristic. Melatonin is an important hormone that plays a wide range of physiological functions, including the anti-aging effect, potentially via the regulation of the Sirtuin1 (SIRT1) pathway. The deacetylation ability of SIRT1 is important for controlling the function of several transcription factors, including nuclear factor kappa B (NF-ĸB). Apart from inflammation, NF-ĸB can regulate autophagy by inhibiting Beclin1, an initiator of autophagy...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Pineal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295288/overexpression-of-foxo3a-is-associated-with-glioblastoma-progression-and-predicts-poor-patient-prognosis
#7
Zhongrun Qian, Li Ren, Dingchang Wu, Xi Yang, Zhiyi Zhou, Quanmin Nie, Gan Jiang, Shuanglin Xue, Weiji Weng, Yongming Qiu, Yingying Lin
Forkhead transcription factor FoxO3a has been reported to have ambiguous functions and distinct mechanisms in various solid tumours, including glioblastoma (GBM). Although a preliminary analysis of a small sample of patients indicated that FoxO3a aberrations in glioma might be related to aggressive clinical behaviour, the clinical significance of FoxO3a in glioblastoma remains unclear. We investigated the expression of FoxO3a in a cohort of 91 glioblastoma specimens and analysed the correlations of protein expression with patient prognosis...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292026/catalpol-protects-glucose-deprived-rat-embryonic-cardiac-cells-by-inducing-mitophagy-and-modulating-estrogen-receptor
#8
Chao Lin, Ying Lu, Xiaojing Yan, Xiang Wu, Meiyu Kuai, Xin Sun, Qi Chen, Xueyun Kong, Zhaoguo Liu, Yuping Tang, Yi Jing, Yu Li, Qichun Zhang, Huimin Bian
Catalpol, a bioactive component from Rehmannia glutinosa (Di Huang), has been widely used to protect cardiomyocytes against myocardial ischemia. The aim of the present study was to investigate the anti-apoptotic and anti-oxidative effects of Catalpol on glucose-starved H9c2 cells for cardio-protection and to elucidate the underlying mechanisms. Here, we showed that Catalpol protected the glucose-starved H9c2 cells through reducing apoptosis and attenuating oxidative damage. Moreover, the increases of autophagic lysosomes, LC3, autophagic flux and autophagic vacuole were observed in Catalpol-treated cells using flow cytometer and fluorescence microscope...
March 9, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286171/epigallocatechin-3-gallate-increases-autophagy-signaling-in-resting-and-unloaded-plantaris-muscles-but-selectively-suppresses-autophagy-protein-abundance-in-reloaded-muscles-of-aged-rats
#9
Hideyuki Takahashi, Yutaka Suzuki, Junaith S Mohamed, Takafumi Gotoh, Suzette L Pereira, Stephen E Alway
We have previously found that Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCg), an abundant catechin in green tea, reduced apoptotic signaling and improved muscle recovery in response to reloading after hindlimb suspension (HS). In this study, we investigated if EGCg altered autophagy signaling in skeletal muscle of old rats in response to HS or reloading after HS. Fischer 344×Brown Norway inbred rats (age 34months) were given 1ml/day of purified EGCg (50mg/kg body weight), or the same sample volume of the vehicle by gavage...
March 7, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285998/a-non-cell-autonomous-role-of-bec-1-becn1-beclin1-in-coordinating-cell-cycle-progression-and-stem-cell-proliferation-during-germline-development
#10
Kristina Ames, Dayse S Da Cunha, Brenda Gonzalez, Marina Konta, Feng Lin, Gabriel Shechter, Lev Starikov, Sara Wong, Hannes E Bülow, Alicia Meléndez
The decision of stem cells to proliferate and differentiate is finely controlled. The Caenorhabditis elegans germline provides a tractable system for studying the mechanisms that control stem cell proliferation and homeostasis [1-4]. Autophagy is a conserved cellular recycling process crucial for cellular homeostasis in many different contexts [5], but its function in germline stem cell proliferation remains poorly understood. Here, we describe a function for autophagy in germline stem cell proliferation. We found that autophagy genes such as bec-1/BECN1/Beclin1, atg-16...
March 20, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282788/berberine-inhibits-palmitate-induced-nlrp3-inflammasome-activation-by-triggering-autophagy-in-macrophages-a-new-mechanism-linking-berberine-to-insulin-resistance-improvement
#11
Hang Zhou, Lili Feng, Fang Xu, Yi Sun, Yuxiang Ma, Xiong Zhang, Hailiang Liu, Ge Xu, Xuefeng Wu, Yan Shen, Yang Sun, Xudong Wu, Qiang Xu
NLRP3 (Nod-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3) inflammasome has been reported to contribute to obesity-induced inflammation and insulin resistance. However, there are few drugs targeting NLRP3 inflammasome for the treatment of insulin resistance. In the present study, we showed that berberine (BBR) significantly suppressed saturated fatty acid palmitate (PA)-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) release in macrophages, which was one of the most important mediators in the insulin sensitivity of adipose tissue...
March 6, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280411/activation-of-autophagy-at-cerebral-cortex-and-apoptosis-at-brainstem-are-differential-responses-to-835-mhz-rf-emf-exposure
#12
Ju Hwan Kim, Da-Hyeon Yu, Hak Rim Kim
With the explosive increase in exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) emitted by mobile phones, public concerns have grown over the last few decades with regard to the potential effects of EMF exposure on the nervous system in the brain. Many researchers have suggested that RF-EMFs can effect diverse neuronal alterations in the brain, thereby affecting neuronal functions as well as behavior. Previously, we showed that long-term exposure to 835 MHz RF-EMF induces autophagy in the mice brain...
March 2017: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249782/aldh2-restores-exhaustive-exercise-induced-mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-skeletal-muscle
#13
Qiuping Zhang, Jianheng Zheng, Jun Qiu, Xiahong Wu, Yangshuo Xu, Weili Shen, Mengwei Sun
BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) is highly expressed in heart and skeletal muscles, and is the major enzyme that metabolizes acetaldehyde and toxic aldehydes. The cardioprotective effects of ALDH2 during cardiac ischemia/reperfusion injury have been recognized. However, less is known about the function of ALDH2 in skeletal muscle. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of ALDH2 on exhaustive exercise-induced skeletal muscle injury. METHODS: We created transgenic mice expressing ALDH2 in skeletal muscles...
April 15, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238651/phosphoglycerate-kinase-1-phosphorylates-beclin1-to-induce-autophagy
#14
Xu Qian, Xinjian Li, Qingsong Cai, Chuanbao Zhang, Qiujing Yu, Yuhui Jiang, Jong-Ho Lee, David Hawke, Yugang Wang, Yan Xia, Yanhua Zheng, Bing-Hua Jiang, David X Liu, Tao Jiang, Zhimin Lu
Autophagy is crucial for maintaining cell homeostasis. However, the precise mechanism underlying autophagy initiation remains to be defined. Here, we demonstrate that glutamine deprivation and hypoxia result in inhibition of mTOR-mediated acetyl-transferase ARD1 S228 phosphorylation, leading to ARD1-dependent phosphoglycerate kinase 1 (PGK1) K388 acetylation and subsequent PGK1-mediated Beclin1 S30 phosphorylation. This phosphorylation enhances ATG14L-associated class III phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase VPS34 activity by increasing the binding of phosphatidylinositol to VPS34...
March 2, 2017: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235485/modulation-of-autophagy-in-exjsrv-env-transfected-cells-through-the-akt-mtor-and-mapk-signaling-pathway
#15
Xiaolin Sun, Fangyuan Du, Shuying Liu
The envelope (Env) of Jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus (JSRV) is an oncoprotein of ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma (OPA). Autophagy is involved in different cancers, but how it is carcinogenic in JSRV Env is unclear. Modulation of autophagy in exJSRV-env-NM-transfected cells through the Akt/mTOR and MAPK signaling pathway was studied, and we observed strong positive labeling of p-Akt, p-mTOR, p-MEK1/2, p-ERK1/2, p-p38 and p-JNK in tumor cells and typical type II pneumocytes in naturally infected OPA lung tissues, which was co-aligned with JSRV-Env positive cells as shown by immunohistochemical and microscopic analysis...
April 8, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223210/a-novel-glp-1-gip-dual-receptor-agonist-protects-from-6-ohda-lesion-in-a-rat-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Jaishree Jalewa, Mohit Kumar Sharma, Simon Gengler, Christian Hölscher
The incretins glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) and glucose dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) are growth factors that have shown neuroprotective effects in animal models of Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease. In addition, the GLP-1 mimetic exendin-4 has shown protective effects in a clinical trial in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. GLP-1 analogues are currently on the market as treatments for type II diabetes. We previously showed that the novel dual agonist (DA-JC1) was effective in the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) mouse model of PD...
February 20, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213823/long-term-resistance-exercise-induced-muscular-hypertrophy-is-associated-with-autophagy-modulation-in-rats
#17
Insu Kwon, Yongchul Jang, Joon-Yong Cho, Young C Jang, Youngil Lee
Elevation of anabolism and concurrent suppression of catabolism are critical metabolic adaptations for muscular hypertrophy in response to resistance exercise (RE). Here, we investigated if RE-induced muscular hypertrophy is acquired by modulating a critical catabolic process autophagy. Male Wistar Hannover rats (14 weeks old) were randomly assigned to either sedentary control (SC, n = 10) or resistance exercise (RE, n = 10). RE elicited significant hypertrophy of flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) muscles in parallel with enhancement in anabolic signaling pathways (phosphorylation of AKT, mTOR, and p70S6K)...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197072/hmgb1-mediates-autophagy-dysfunction-via-perturbing-beclin1-vps34-complex-in-dopaminergic-cell-model
#18
Jinsha Huang, Jiaolong Yang, Yan Shen, Haiyang Jiang, Chao Han, Guoxin Zhang, Ling Liu, Xiaoyun Xu, Jie Li, Zhicheng Lin, Nian Xiong, Zhentao Zhang, Jing Xiong, Tao Wang
Parkinson's disease (PD), a progressive neurodegenerative disorder, is characterized by irreversible dopaminergic neuron loss and intra-neuronal α-synuclein aggregation. High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) has been proven to be involved in autophagy dysfunction induced by α-synuclein accumulation, and the Beclin1-vacuolar protein sorting 34 (Vps34) complex is of great importance to the initiation of autophagy. Nevertheless, the concrete interaction mechanism between HMGB1, α-synuclein and autophagy remains elusive, especially in the context of PD...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195074/induction-of-autophagy-in-the-porcine-corpus-luteum-of-pregnancy-following-anti-androgen-treatment
#19
M Grzesiak, K Knapczyk-Stwora, M Slomczynska
Experimentally induced androgen deficiency during late pregnancy leads to decreased progesterone synthesis in the porcine corpus luteum (CL), which suggested an onset of functional luteolysis. It was shown that luteal regression in mammals involves not only apoptosis but also autophagy. Therefore, this study aimed to examine whether anti-androgen flutamide treatment during late pregnancy in pigs induces apoptosis and/or autophagy within luteal cells. Flutamide (50 mg/kg b.w.) was administered into pregnant gilts between 83 - 89 (GD90F) or 101 - 107 (GD108F) gestational days (GD)...
December 2016: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186966/clinicopathological-signature-of-p21-activated-kinase-1-in-prostate-cancer-and-its-regulation-of-proliferation-and-autophagy-via-the-mtor-signaling-pathway
#20
Zhanyu Wang, Guojin Jia, Yan Li, Jikai Liu, Jinfang Luo, Jihong Zhang, Guoxiong Xu, Gang Chen
Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most common malignant tumors in men. The etiology and pathogenesis of PCa remain unclear. P21-activated kinase 1 (PAK1) is a member of a family of serine/threonine kinases and regulates cell growth and contributes to tumor invasion and metastasis. However, the association of PAK1 with PCa tumorigenesis and in particular with cell autophagy remains unknown. We found that the positive expression of PAK1 was significantly increased in PCa patients compared with BPH patients (P < 0...
February 6, 2017: Oncotarget
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