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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346382/6-ohda-induced-dopaminergic-neurodegeneration-in-caenorhabditis-elegans-is-promoted-by-the-engulfment-pathway-and-inhibited-by-the-transthyretin-related-protein-ttr-33
#1
Sarah-Lena Offenburger, Xue Yan Ho, Theresa Tachie-Menson, Sean Coakley, Massimo A Hilliard, Anton Gartner
Oxidative stress is linked to many pathological conditions including the loss of dopaminergic neurons in Parkinson's disease. The vast majority of disease cases appear to be caused by a combination of genetic mutations and environmental factors. We screened for genes protecting Caenorhabditis elegans dopaminergic neurons from oxidative stress induced by the neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) and identified the transthyretin-related gene ttr-33. The only described C. elegans transthyretin-related protein to date, TTR-52, has been shown to mediate corpse engulfment as well as axon repair...
January 2018: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346364/mutations-in-caenorhabditis-elegans-neuroligin-like-glit-1-the-apoptosis-pathway-and-the-calcium-chaperone-crt-1-increase-dopaminergic-neurodegeneration-after-6-ohda-treatment
#2
Sarah-Lena Offenburger, Elisabeth Jongsma, Anton Gartner
The loss of dopaminergic neurons is a hallmark of Parkinson's disease, the aetiology of which is associated with increased levels of oxidative stress. We used C. elegans to screen for genes that protect dopaminergic neurons against oxidative stress and isolated glit-1 (gliotactin (Drosophila neuroligin-like) homologue). Loss of the C. elegans neuroligin-like glit-1 causes increased dopaminergic neurodegeneration after treatment with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA), an oxidative-stress inducing drug that is specifically taken up into dopaminergic neurons...
January 2018: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339978/increase-of-somatic-cell-mutations-in-oxidative-damage-sensitive-drosophila
#3
Ryota Koike, Tomoyo Uchiyama, Sakae Arimoto-Kobayashi, Keinosuke Okamoto, Tomoe Negishi
Background: Oxidative damage is an important genotoxic source for almost all organisms. To efficiently detect mutations induced by oxidative damage, we previously developed a urate-null Drosophila strain. Using this Drosophila strain, we showed the mutagenic activity of environmental cigarette smoke (ECS) and the herbicide paraquat, which are known to produce reactive oxygen species (ROS). In the present study, we examined the mutagenic activities of carcinogenic mutagens that are considered to cause mutations by adduct formation, alkylation, or crosslinking of cellular DNA in the oxidative damage-sensitive Drosophila to evaluate how the oxidative damage induced by these mutagens is involved in causing mutations...
2018: Genes and Environment: the Official Journal of the Japanese Environmental Mutagen Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338195/mesoporous-silica-thin-films-for-improved-electrochemical-detection-of-paraquat
#4
Tauqir Nasir, Gregoire Herzog, Marc Hebrant, Christelle Despas, Liang Liu, Alain Walcarius
An electrochemical method was developed for rapid and sensitive detection of the herbicide paraquat in aqueous samples using mesoporous silica thin film modified glassy carbon electrodes (GCE). Vertically-aligned mesoporous silica thin films were deposited onto GCE by electrochemically assisted self-assembly (EASA). Cyclic voltammetry revealed effective response to the cationic analyte (while rejecting anions) thanks to the charge selectivity exhibited by the negatively-charged mesoporous channels. Square wave voltametry (SWV) was then used to detect paraquat via its one electron reduction process...
January 17, 2018: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338157/imbalance-of-th17-treg-in-the-pathogenesis-of-mice-with-paraquat-induced-acute-lung-injury
#5
Xia Yang, Jing-Hong Zhang, Jian-Feng Zhang, Hua Lin, Wei Chen, Li Xiang, Chao-Qian Li
Recent studies suggest that imbalances in the ratios of CD4+ T helper cell subsets, T helper-17 (Th17) and regulatory T (Treg) cells play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of acute lung injury (ALI). However, studies of the imbalance of Th17/Treg in paraquat (PQ)-induced ALI have not been reported. Therefore, we investigated whether the ratio of Th17/Treg cells in a mouse model of PQ-induced ALI contributes to pathogenesis of ALI. Male Kunming mice were randomly treated with saline (control group) or PQ (PQ-poisoned (PQP) group); mice were sacrificed at either 12 hours (PQP-12h) or 24 hours (PQP-24h and control) post-treatment...
December 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334588/molecular-wire-effects-in-phenyleneethynylene-oligomers-surprising-insights
#6
Uwe Heiko Bunz, Marcel Hergert, Markus Bender, Kai Seehafer
We report the synthesis and quenching behavior of a series of water soluble, carboxylate-carrying phenyleneethynylene oligomers - monomer to tetramer - and their polymers and investigate their quenching behavior with different test analytes (paraquat, lead salts, mercury salts, picric acid, methylpyridinium iodide) in water and compare the results to that of the conjugated polymer. We find significant but analyte-dependent enhancement effects. For monovalent quenchers only the molecular wire effect applies but for divalent quenchers multivalency effects are also important...
January 15, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318482/correction-to-paraquat-induced-movement-disorder-in-relation-to-oxidative-stress-mediated-neurodegeneration-in-the-brain-of-drosophila-melanogaster
#7
S Niveditha, S R Ramesh, T Shivanandappa
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. The entries missing in the reference list are given below and their corresponding citations are provided in the Discussion section text.
January 9, 2018: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316751/-mechanism-of-action-for-oligomeric-proanthocyaniclins-in-pava-qnat-induced-acute-lung-injury
#8
P Liu, Y S Zhou, Y L Qin, L Li, Y Liu, B Xu, K Huang, C C Ji, F Lin, Y G Wang, K Li, S H Chen, L F Shao, J S Mu
Objective: The present study was designed to evaluate the protective effects of oligomeric proanthocyanidins (OPC) in mice exposed to paraquat (PQ) , and to explore the molecular mechanism. Methods: Four experimental groups were designed. CONTROL GROUP: 10 BALB/c mice were intraperitoneally injected with normal saline) . PQ group: 10 BALB/c mice were intraperitoneally injected with PQ (100 mg/kg) . PQ+OPC group: 10 BALB/c mice were administered with OPC (100 mg/kg) for 1 h before PQ (100 mg/kg) expo-sure...
November 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315562/hfe-genotype-restricts-the-response-to-paraquat-in-a-mouse-model-of-neurotoxicity
#9
Anne M Nixon, Mark D Meadowcroft, Elizabeth B Neely, Amanda M Snyder, Carson J Purnell, Justin Wright, Regina Lamendella, Wint Nandar, Xuemei Huang, James R Connor
Parkinson's disease (PD) is marked clinically by motor dysfunction and pathologically by dopaminergic cell loss in the substantia nigra (SN) and iron accumulation in the substantia nigra. The driver underlying iron accumulation is unknown and could be genetic or environmental. The HFE protein is critical for the regulation of cellular iron uptake. Mutations within this protein are associated with increased iron accumulation including in the brain. We have focused on the commonly occurring H63D variant of the HFE gene as a disease modifier in a number of neurodegenerative diseases...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305896/superoxide-dismutase-protects-ribonucleotide-reductase-from-inactivation-in-yeast
#10
Andrew B Das, Izabela Sadowska-Bartosz, Andreas Königstorfer, Anthony J Kettle, Christine C Winterbourn
Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) catalyses the rate limiting step of DNA synthesis utilising a mechanism that requires a tyrosyl radical. We have previously shown that superoxide can quench protein tyrosyl radicals in vitro, either by oxidative addition, or reduction of the radical to tyrosine. Here, we observe that Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains lacking either copper-zinc SOD (SOD1) or manganese SOD (SOD2) had decreased RNR activity compared to SOD competent yeast. When superoxide production was increased by treatment with paraquat, RNR activity was further decreased, with yeast lacking SOD1 being the most sensitive...
January 3, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299822/necrostatin-1-protects-against-paraquat-induced-cardiac-contractile-dysfunction-via-rip1-rip3-mlkl-dependent-necroptosis-pathway
#11
Liping Zhang, Qiming Feng, Teng Wang
Paraquat is a highly toxic prooxidant that triggers oxidative stress and multi-organ failure including that of the heart. To date, effective treatment of paraquat toxicity is still not established. Necroptosis, a newly discovered form of programmed cell death, was recently shown to be strongly associated with cardiovascular disease. Receptor interaction proteins 1 (RIP1), receptor interaction proteins 3 (RIP3), and mixed lineage kinase domain like (MLKL) are key proteins in the necroptosis pathway. Necrostatin-1 (Nec-1) is a specific inhibitor of necroptosis which acts by blocking the interaction between RIP1 and RIP3...
January 3, 2018: Cardiovascular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294530/-a-case-care-of-paraquat-poisoning-concurrent-epilepsy
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294519/-evaluation-of-the-effect-of-early-goal-directed-therapy-in-patients-with-paraquat-poisoning
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294516/-the-effect-of-captopril-and-losartan-on-paraquat-induced-pulmonary-fibrosis-and-plgf-expression-in-the-lungs-of-rats
#14
M H Zheng, M S Dai, L F Lin
Objective: To investigate the dynamic expression of placenta growth factor (PlGF) in the lungs and its role in paraquat-induced pulmonary fibrosis and to evaluate the effect of ACEI captopril and AT (1) -receptor blocker losartan on paraquat-induced pulmonary fibrosis. Methods: 84 adult healthy female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into four groups of different treatments designated as: Control, PQ alone (PQ) , captopril treatment, losartan treatment. Each group was divided into three subgroups of seven animals each...
September 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294513/-mono-carbonyl-analogues-of-curcumin-prevents-paraquat-induced-apoptosis-in-hk-2-cell-line-by-inhibiting-oxidative-damage-and-inflammation
#15
G L Hong, Z N Yang, Y Y He, J P Tan, A Liangm, G J Zhao, Z Q Lu
Objective: To investigate the effects of mono-carbonyl analogues of curcumin (L6H21) on paraquat (PQ) -induced injury in HK-2 cell line and explore its underlying mechanisms. Methods: Cultured HK-2 cells were challenged by PQ with or without L6H21 treatment. Cell viability and apoptosis were determined by CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry, respectively. Gene expressions and protein levels of apoptotic and inflammatory factors were assessed by RT-PCR, ELISA, and western blot. Intracellular ROS production was detected by DCFH-DA staining...
September 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289706/an-engineered-cell-line-lacking-ogg1-and-mutyh-glycosylases-implicates-the-accumulation-of-genomic-8-oxoguanine-as-the-basis-for-paraquat-mutagenicity
#16
Preechaya Tajai, Bogdan I Fedeles, Tawit Suriyo, Panida Navasumrit, Jantamas Kanitwithayanun, John M Essigmann, Jutamaad Satayavivad
Paraquat (1,1'-dimethyl, 4,4'-bipyridinium dichloride; PQ), a widely used herbicide, is toxic to mammals through ingestion, inhalation and skin contact. Epidemiological data suggest that PQ is also mutagenic and carcinogenic, especially in high doses. The toxic and mutagenic properties of PQ are attributed to the ability of the molecule to redox-cycle, which generates reactive oxygen species (ROS) and subsequent oxidative stress. ROS also cause oxidative DNA damage such as 8-oxoguanine (8OG), a mutagenic base that, when replicated, causes G to T transversion mutations...
December 28, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287252/paraquat-treatment-modulates-integrin-associated-protein-cd47-and-basigin-cd147-expression-and-mitochondrial-potential-on-erythroid-cells-in-mice
#17
Nitin Bhardwaj, Ashutosh Singh
The present study is focused on the interaction of paraquat with the erythroid system in bone marrow and spleen of mice. Administration of paraquat (10 mg/kg of body weight i.p. on alternate days in C57Bl/6 mice) induced the level of reactive oxygen species in bone marrow (BM) on 7, 14, and 21 day time points but it was unchanged in spleen erythroid cell. A marked induction of CD147 expression in BM and spleen erythroid cells was observed in the paraquat treated mice. Paraquat treatment also modulated the CD47 expression in erythroid cells and its expression level was significantly higher on day 14, 21 and 28 in bone marrow and on day 14 and 21 in spleen...
December 23, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285131/effects-of-water-extracts-of-rehmannia-glutinosa-on-antioxidant-system-of-nrf2-in-paraquat-induced-insulin-resistance-diabetic-rat-model
#18
Lei Ren, Yapei Xu, Guijun Qin, Cong Liu, Shoujun Wang
The objective of this study was to observe the effects of water extracts of Rehmannia glutinosa on the antioxidant system of Nrf-2 in diabetic mice induced by paraquat, and to provide the basis for its further development. Thirty male mice were randomly divided into the control group, model group and observation group. The mice in the model group and the observation group were treated with paraquat to induce insulin resistance, with the control group injected with the same volume saline. After the model establishment, the mice in observation group was given 1...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283995/protection-by-extra-virgin-olive-oil-against-oxidative-stress-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-chemical-and-biological-studies-on-the-health-benefits-due-to-a-major-component-of-the-mediterranean-diet
#19
Miriam Rossi, Francesco Caruso, Lorraine Kwok, Grace Lee, Alessio Caruso, Fabio Gionfra, Elena Candelotti, Stuart L Belli, Nora Molasky, Kathleen M Raley-Susman, Stefano Leone, Tomáš Filipský, Daniela Tofani, Jens Pedersen, Sandra Incerpi
We report the results of in vivo studies in Caenorhabditis elegans nematodes in which addition of extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) to their diet significantly increased their life span with respect to the control group. Furthermore, when nematodes were exposed to the pesticide paraquat, they started to die after two days, but after the addition of EVOO to their diet, both survival percentage and lifespans of paraquat-exposed nematodes increased. Since paraquat is associated with superoxide radical production, a test for scavenging this radical was performed using cyclovoltammetry and the EVOO efficiently scavenged the superoxide...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276721/measuring-oxidative-stress-in-caenorhabditis-elegans-paraquat-and-juglone-sensitivity-assays
#20
Megan M Senchuk, Dylan J Dues, Jeremy M Van Raamsdonk
Oxidative stress has been proposed to be one of the main causes of aging and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of many diseases. Sensitivity to oxidative stress can be measured by quantifying survival following exposure to a reactive oxygen species (ROS)-generating compound such as paraquat or juglone. Sensitivity to oxidative stress is a balance between basal levels of ROS, the ability to detoxify ROS, and the ability to repair ROS-mediated damage.
January 5, 2017: Bio-protocol
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