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Enterocutaneous fistulae

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442833/a-randomised-prospective-study-to-evaluate-preperitoneal-mesh-repair-versus-onlay-mesh-repair-and-laparoscopic-ipom-in-incisional-hernia-surgery
#1
S Natarajan, S Meenaa, K A Thimmaiah
Incisional hernia remains a very common postoperative complication. These are encountered with an incidence of up to 20 % following laparotomy. These hernias enlarge over time, making the repair difficult, and serious complications like bowel obstruction, strangulation and enterocutaneous fistula can occur. Hence, elective repair is indicated to avoid these complications. Implantation of a prosthetic mesh is nowadays considered as the standard treatment due to low hernia recurrence. The most common mesh repair techniques used are the onlay repair, sublay repair and laparoscopic intraperitoneal onlay mesh (IPOM)...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431416/caring-for-critically-injured-children-an-analysis-of-56-pediatric-damage-control-laparotomies
#2
Miguel A Villalobos, Joshua P Hazelton, Rachel L Choron, Lisa Capano-Wehrle, Krystal Hunter, John P Gaughan, Steven E Ross, Mark J Seamon
BACKGROUND: Injury is the leading cause of death in children under 18 years. Damage control principles have been extensively studied in adults but remain relatively unstudied in children. Our primary study objective was to evaluate the use of damage control laparotomy (DCL) in critically injured children. METHODS: An American College of Surgeons-verified Level 1 trauma center review (1996-2013) of pediatric trauma laparotomies was undertaken. Exclusion criteria included: age older than 18 years, laparotomy for abdominal compartment syndrome or delayed longer than 2 hours after admission...
May 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372453/coloduodenal-and-enterocutaneous-fistula-in-twins-with-crohn%C3%A2-s-disease
#3
Maíia Pilar Ballester, David Martí, Marta Maia Boscá Watts, José Martín Arévalo, Miguel Mínguez
We present the case of a pair of 45-year-old monozygotic twins (A and B) diagnosed with Crohn's disease (CD) at age 20 (A) and 22 (B) with similar presenting symptoms: diarrhea, fever and weight loss. Both of them had duodenal and ileocolonic disease (A2, L3+L4 according to Montreal classification); twin B also presented jejunal involvement and perianal disease (B1p). They received treatment with antibiotics, corticosteroids, 5-ASA, azathioprine and anti-TNF with a poor control of activity. They both developed a coloduodenal fistula that required surgery...
April 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366760/pilot-study-of-immunological-factors-in-non-inflammatory-bowel-disease-enterocutaneous-fistulas
#4
Goher Rahbour, Janindra Warusavitarne, Ailsa L Hart, Philip J Tozer, Mohammad R Ullah, Gregory P Thomas, Simon M Gabe, Stella C Knight, Hafid O Al-Hassi, Carolynne J Vaizey
BACKGROUND: Tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) is a cytokine elevated in inflammatory bowel disease enterocutaneous fistula (IBD ECF). Dendritic cells are antigen presenting cells that orchestrate the immune responses and regulate the production of cytokines by immune cells including T cells. No study to date has assessed the level of TNF-α or the presence of dendritic cells in non-IBD ECF. The aim of this study was to assess the inflammatory activity, with a particular emphasis on TNF-α in non-IBD ECF when compared with control small bowel tissue...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358595/treatment-of-enterocutaneous-fistulas-then-and-now
#5
Luis Alfonso Ortiz, Bin Zhang, Maureen Walsh McCarthy, Haytham M A Kaafarani, Peter Fagenholz, David R King, Marc De Moya, George Velmahos, Daniel Dante Yeh
BACKGROUND: An enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) is an aberrant connection between the gastrointestinal tract and the skin or atmosphere (enteroatmospheric fistula [EAF]). Multimodal treatment includes surgical procedures, nutrition support, and wound care. We evaluated our practice and compared our outcomes with previous results published from our institution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of hospitalized ECF/EAF patients admitted between January 2011 and November 2015...
March 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323788/traumatic-colon-injury-in-damage-control-laparotomy-a-multicenter-trial-is-it-safe-to-do-a-delayed-anastomosis
#6
Leah Carey Tatebe, Andrew Jennings, Ken Tatebe, Alexandra Handy, Purvi Prajapati, Michael Smith, Tai Do, Gerald O Ogola, Rajesh R Gandhi, Therese M Duane, Stephen Luk, Laura Bruce Petrey
BACKGROUND: Delayed colonic anastomosis after damage control laparotomy (DCL) is an alternative to colostomies during a single laparotomy (SL) in high-risk patients. However, literature suggests increased colonic leak rates up to 27% with DCL, and various reported risk factors. We evaluated our regional experience to determine if delayed colonic anastomosis was associated with worse outcomes. METHODS: A multicenter retrospective cohort study was performed across three Level I trauma centers encompassing traumatic colon injuries from January 2006 through June 2014...
April 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301212/the-use-of-latex-catheters-to-close-enterocutaneous-fistulas-an-institutional-protocol-and-retrospective-review
#7
Shamar Young, Donna D'Souza, David Hunter, Jafar Golzarian, Michael Rosenberg
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to retrospectively review an institutional protocol that uses latex catheters for the treatment of enterocutaneous fistulas (ECFs) that are resistant to simple drainage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-six consecutive patients with ECFs that did not close with simple abscess drainage were treated with latex catheters. These patients' charts were retrospectively reviewed to determine treatment success rates and the relationship of treatment success to clinical characteristics...
March 16, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265733/major-complex-abdominal-wall-repair-in-contaminated-fields-with-use-of-a-non-cross-linked-biologic-mesh-a-dual-institutional-experience
#8
J J Atema, E J Furnée, Y Maeda, J Warusavitarne, P J Tanis, W A Bemelman, C J Vaizey, M A Boermeester
BACKGROUND: Data on the use of biologic mesh in abdominal wall repair in complex cases remain sparse. Aim of this study was to evaluate a non-cross-linked porcine acellular dermal matrix for repair of complex contaminated abdominal wall defects. METHODS: Retrospective observational cohort study of consecutive patients undergoing abdominal wall repair with use of Strattice™ Reconstructive Tissue Matrix (LifeCell Corporation, Oxford, UK) between January 2011 and February 2015 at two National Intestinal Failure Units...
March 6, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246568/unusual-complication-following-a-myomectomy-colic-migration-of-a-forgotten-abdominal-swab
#9
Boyodi Tchangai, Fousseni Alassani, Mazamesso Tchaou
Surgical sponges are the most common retained foreign bodies following surgery. The morbidity of this condition is illustrated herein with the case of a 36-year-old female patient with a history of myomectomy 5 months before her admission into our unit for enterocutaneous fistula. Although imaging and etiological investigations were made, diagnosis was carried out only by laparotomy. The foreign body found was an abdominal swab that migrated from abdominal cavity to the colon causing several intestinal injuries...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202371/negative-pressure-wound-therapy-an-update
#10
Ahmed Hassan El-Sabbagh
PURPOSE: To get the maximum benefit of vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) in the management of acute and chronic wounds without abuse or misuse. METHODS: Fourty one patients were included in the study. Among them, 9 patients had chronic wounds and the rest 32 patients had acute wounds. In acute wounds, 19 patients had co-morbid conditions. Seven patients had gaped wounds, 4 patients had necrotizing fasciitis and 2 patients had enterocutaneous fistula. RESULTS: The hospitalization period varied from 1 to 6 weeks...
April 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193213/a-case-report-of-spontaneous-umbilical-enterocutaneous-fistula-resulting-from-an-incarcerated-richter-s-hernia-with-a-brief-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Wei Chen, Lei Liu, Hui Huang, Mianxu Jiang, Tao Zhang
BACKGROUND: Richter's hernia is a high-risk ischaemic gastrointestinal disorder that is typically diagnosed in a delayed manner due to a lack of obvious symptoms. Spontaneous umbilical enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) resulting from an incarcerated Richter's hernia is extremely rare. CASE PRESENTATION: A 62-year-old female presented with a chief complaint of recurrent umbilical region infection for the preceding 20 months with no symptoms of ileus. Preoperative CT and fistulography revealed an incarcerated Richter's hernia complicated by an ECF...
February 13, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192597/a-phase-2-and-biomarker-study-of-cabozantinib-in-patients-with-advanced-cholangiocarcinoma
#12
Lipika Goyal, Hui Zheng, Matthew B Yurgelun, Thomas A Abrams, Jill N Allen, James M Cleary, Michelle Knowles, Eileen Regan, Amanda Reardon, Anna Khachatryan, Rakesh K Jain, Valentina Nardi, Darrell R Borger, Dan G Duda, Andrew X Zhu
BACKGROUND: Advanced cholangiocarcinoma carries a poor prognosis, and no standard treatment exists beyond first-line gemcitabine/platinum-based chemotherapy. A single-arm, phase 2 and biomarker study of cabozantinib, a multikinase inhibitor with potent activity against vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) and MET, was performed for patients with advanced refractory cholangiocarcinoma. METHODS: Previously treated patients with unresectable or metastatic cholangiocarcinoma received cabozantinib (60 mg orally and daily on a continuous schedule)...
February 13, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180976/-video-assisted-retroperitoneal-debridement-minimally-invasive-treatment-and-long-term-results-for-necrotizing-pancreatitis
#13
R M Eickhoff, J Steinbusch, P Seppelt, A Kroh, K Junge, C D Klink, U P Neumann, M Binnebösel
BACKGROUND: Among patients with necrotizing pancreatitis 15-20% develop infected necrosis, which entails mortality rates of up to 20%. Particularly driven by the results of the Dutch Pancreatitis Study Group there has been a paradigm change from open necrosectomy to step-up treatment with initial percutaneous and/or endoscopic drainage followed, if necessary, by minimally invasive retroperitoneal debridement. AIM OF THE STUDY: Description of case series in which patients underwent video-assisted retroperitoneal debridement (VARD) including follow-up focused on quality of life...
February 8, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102927/complex-abdominal-wall-reconstruction-in-the-setting-of-active-infection-and-contamination-a-systematic-review-of-hernia-and-fistula-recurrence-rates
#14
REVIEW
J D Hodgkinson, Y Maeda, C A Leo, J Warusavitarne, C J Vaizey
AIM: Minimal evidence exists to guide surgeons on the risk of complications when performing abdominal wall reconstruction (AWR) in the presence of active infection, contamination or enterocutaneous fistula. This study aims to establish the outcomes of contaminated complex AWR. METHOD: Analysis was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines. Systematic search of the MEDLINE, EMBASE and Pubmed databases was performed. Studies reporting exclusively on single-staged repair of contaminated complex AWR were included...
April 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099974/temporary-vacuum-assisted-closure-of-the-open-abdomen-in-neonates
#15
Kengo Hattori, Alp Numanoglu, Sharon Cox
Introduction The need for open abdomen in the treatment of severely ill neonates will increase in time as more complex abdominal procedures are undertaken. However, the experience of temporary closure of an open abdomen using vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) system is still relatively limited in premature and term neonates. The aim of this study is to describe and review our experience in the use of temporary VAC of the open abdomen for neonates with varying pathological processes. Materials and Methods A retrospective folder review of all neonates treated with VAC for open abdomen over the study period of 2010 to 2014 at our institution was performed...
January 18, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070723/anorectal-malformations-definitive-surgery-during-adulthood
#16
M P J Lopez, V I Encila, S G Alamo, H J Monroy Iii, M F T Roxas
BACKGROUND: Anorectal malformations (ARMs) are rarely seen in adults, since majority of cases are corrected in infancy or childhood. The aim of this study was to describe the profile of patients who underwent definitive surgery to correct their ARM in adulthood, and to discuss the outcomes of surgery (morbidity, mortality, and function). METHODS: This retrospective study included patients 18 years old and above, managed surgically by the Division of Colorectal Surgery at the Philippine General Hospital, University of the Philippines, Manila, from January 1, 2004, to December 31, 2012...
January 9, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030494/traumatic-colon-injury-in-damage-control-laparotomy-a-multicenter-trial-is-it-safe-to-do-a-delayed-anastomosis
#17
Leah Tatebe, Andrew Jennings, Ken Tatebe, Alexandra Handy, Purvi Prajapati, Michael Smith, Tai Do, Gerald O Ogola, Rajesh R Gandhi, Therese M Duane, Stephen Luk, Laura B Petrey
BACKGROUND: Delayed colonic anastomosis after damage control laparotomy (DCL) is an alternative to colostomies during a single laparotomy (SL) in high-risk patients. However, literature suggests increased colonic leak rates up to 27% with DCL, and various reported risk factors. We evaluated our regional experience to determine if delayed colonic anastomosis was associated with worse outcomes. METHODS: A multi-center retrospective cohort study was performed across three Level I Trauma Centers encompassing traumatic colon injuries from January 2006 through June 2014...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913762/aspen-felanpe-clinical-guidelines
#18
Vanessa J Kumpf, Jose Eduardo de Aguilar-Nascimento, Jose Ignacio Diaz-Pizarro Graf, Amber M Hall, Liam McKeever, Ezra Steiger, Marion F Winkler, Charlene W Compher
BACKGROUND: The management of patients with enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) requires an interdisciplinary approach and poses a significant challenge to physicians, wound/stoma care specialists, dietitians, pharmacists, and other nutrition clinicians. Guidelines for optimizing nutrition status in these patients are often vague, based on limited and dated clinical studies, and typically rely on individual institutional or clinician experience. Specific nutrient requirements, appropriate route of feeding, role of immune-enhancing formulas, and use of somatostatin analogues in the management of patients with ECF are not well defined...
January 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905290/postoperative-wound-myiasis-caused-by-sarcophaga-carnaria
#19
Sefa Ergün, Ozan Akıncı, Serhat Sirekbasan, Ahmet Kocael
Myiasis is a parasitic infection caused by dipteran larvae settling in living tissue and organs. Infestation is generally found in tropical and rural areas, where interaction with animals is common. It is diagnosed based on the evidence of the existence of dipteran larvae in tissues and organs. When planning the treatment, identifying the type of larvae is as important as identifying the infected organ or system. In this case report, we present the case of a female who had a biliary tract injury caused by laparoscopic cholecystectomy and who developed a postoperative enterocutaneous fistula and myiasis caused by third-stage Sarcophaga sp...
September 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893673/risk-factor-and-outcome-for-intra-abdominal-bleeding-in-patients-with-enterocutaneous-fistula
#20
Lei Wu, Jianan Ren, Qinjie Liu, Gefei Wang, Xiuwen Wu, Guosheng Gu, Guanwei Li, Kun Guo, Zhiwu Hong, Qiongyuan Hu, Huajian Ren, Jieshou Li
Intra-abdominal bleeding is a major and lethal complication in patients with enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) while few studies are involved in this aspect. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the risk factors and assessed the outcome for intra-abdominal bleeding in patients with ECF.A retrospective study was performed from October 2013 to October 2015. Medical records of 67 ECF patients with intra-abdominal bleeding and 134 ECF patients without intra-abdominal bleeding matched as controls were reviewed and analyzed...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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