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Enterocutaneous fistulae

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923483/enterocutaneous-fistula-treatment-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
REVIEW
M Assenza, D Rossi, I De Gruttola, C Ballanti
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to evaluate the treatment strategies for a common major surgery complication like the enterocutaneous fistula (ECFs). Since there is not any standard treatment for this common disease and since new therapies, like NPWT and fibrin sealants, have come up a review of all their indications seemed useful. We also present two clinical cases treated in this way. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A research was made in the principle databases such as: "Cochrane", "Pubmed", "Google Scholar" and "Google" using the following Key words "enterocutaneous fistula", "fibrin glue", "VAC", "VAC treatment", "fistula", "conservative treatment", "surgery" and using the MESH Function to search similar key words and expand the research...
May 2018: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843910/impact-of-inadvertent-enterotomy-on-short-term-outcomes-after-ventral-hernia-repair-an-ahsqc-analysis
#2
David M Krpata, Ajita S Prabhu, Luciano Tastaldi, Li-Ching Huang, Michael J Rosen, Benjamin K Poulose
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing ventral hernia repair (VHR) are at risk of an inadvertent enterotomy during surgery. Inadvertent enterotomies potentially contaminate the surgical field presenting a management dilemma for the surgeon. The aim of our study was to define the incidence and risk factors for a recognized inadvertent enterotomy and determine its impact on short-term outcomes after ventral hernia repair. METHODS: Using a nationwide hernia registry, the Americas Hernia Society Quality Collaborative, we reviewed all ventral hernia repair performed between 2013 and 2017...
May 26, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770706/intestinal-transplants-review-of-normal-imaging-appearance-and-complications
#3
Bashir Hakim, Daniel T Myers, Todd R Williams, Shunji Nagai, John Bonnett
Intestinal transplant (IT) is one of the least common forms of organ transplant but is increasing both in volume of cases and number of centers performing intestinal transplants, with the busiest centers in North America and Europe. IT can be performed in isolation or as part of a multivisceral transplant (MVT). Intestinal failure either in the form of short gut syndrome or functional bowel problems is the primary indication for IT. The normal post-surgical anatomy can be variable due to both recipient anatomy in regard to amount of residual bowel and status of native vasculature as well as whether the transplant is isolated or part of a multivisceral transplant...
June 5, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765484/successful-embolization-of-a-enterocutaneous-fistula-tract-with-onyx-34-following-low-anterior-resection-for-rectal-cancer
#4
Hamza Rahimi, Anthony C Venbrux, Vincent Obias
Enterocutaneous fistulas (ECFs) can be one of the complications found after surgical intervention for rectal cancer. Interventional modalities consisting of surgical, endoscopic, and radiological methods are often implemented to treat postoperative symptomatic complications. We present the case of 61-year-old Caucasian man who presented to us with a recent diagnosis of rectal cancer that had invaded the levators as well as anteriorly into the prostate, and who underwent low anterior resection with a diverting loop ileostomy...
June 2018: Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732433/bowel-injury-in-lumbar-spine-surgery-a-review-of-the-literature
#5
REVIEW
Ioannis Siasios, Kunal Vakharia, Asham Khan, Joshua E Meyers, Samantha Yavorek, John Pollina, Vassilios Dimopoulos
Although rarely documented in the medical literature, bowel perforation injury can be a severe complication of spine surgery. Our goal was to review current literature regarding this complication and study possible methods of avoidance. We conducted a literature search in the PubMed database between January 1960 and March 2016 using the terms abrasion, bowels, bowel, complication, injury, intestine, intra-abdominal sepsis/shock, perforation, lumbar, spine, surgery, visceral. Diagnostic criteria, outcomes, risk factors, surgical approach, and treatment strategy were the parameters extracted from the search results and used for review...
March 2018: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683948/hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-from-unrelated-donors-in-2-cases-of-interleukin-10-receptor-deficiency-is-surgery-not-a-requirement
#6
Dilara F Kocacik Uygun, Vedat Uygun, Hayriye Daloğlu, Seda Öztürkmen, Gülsün Karasu, İsmail Reisli, Ersin Sayar, Hasan A Yüksekkaya, Erik-Oliver Glocker, Kaan Boztuğ, Akif Yeşilipek
Mutations in interleukin-10 and its receptors cause infantile inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a hyperinflammatory disorder characterized by severe, treatment-refractory colitis, multiple abscesses, and enterocutaneous fistulas. Patients with infantile IBD often require several surgical interventions, including complete colectomy, and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is currently the only known medical therapy. Traditionally, operative management has been preferred before stem cell transplantation because of the latter's increased susceptibility to procedural complications; however, surgical intervention could be delayed, and possibly reconsidered, because our 2 patients with infantile IBD demonstrated a rapid response to treatment via engraftment...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666083/intraluminal-mesh-migration-causing-enteroenteric-and-enterocutaneous-fistula-a-case-and-discussion-of-the-mesh-problem
#7
Reeya Patel, Thomas H Reid, Sam G Parker, Alistair Windsor
The use of synthetic mesh in the abdominal compartment has recently become a topic of debate as high profile public cases have called into question their safety. Several case reports have demonstrated significant complications due to intra-abdominal mesh. Furthermore, some studies have suggested that the rates of these severe complications are underestimated. We present the case of a patient who developed an enteroenteric and enterocutaenous fistulae, an abdominal wall collection and an intraperitoneal inflammatory mass from intraluminal migration of a synthetic mesh inserted during laparoscopic incisional hernia repair...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593927/a-case-of-rare-complication-of-inguinal-parietoplasty-according-to-lichtenstein-entero-cutaneous-fistula
#8
K B Kouakou, K I Anzoua, M Traore, B K I Leh, A B N'Dri, A S Ekra, B A Kouakou, R Lebeau, B Diané
Lichtenstein intervention is currently the classic model of the regulated treatment of inguinal hernias by direct local approach. This "tension-free" technique satisfies both patients and practitioners. However, it does not often evade severe complications of parietal surgery. The authors report their treatment experience in rural Africa of a late enterocutaneous fistula which aggravated an inguinal hernia repair according to the Lichtenstein procedure. Physiopathology, diagnosis, and treatment of that disease are analyzed in the light of literature...
2018: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559044/management-approaches-for-enterocutaneous-fistulas
#9
REVIEW
Jamie Heimroth, Eric Chen, Erica Sutton
There are very few clinical studies that highlight a definitive and comprehensive guideline for the management of enterocutaneous fistulas. Most accepted guidelines are found in textbooks and are taken from expert advice and case reports. The goal of this review is to highlight advancements relevant to the management of enterocutaneous fistulas from the recent two to three years. Although strong evidence-based guidelines are lacking, the consensus is that a multidisciplinary team working with a clear treatment plan targeting multiple aspects of management can maximize patient outcomes...
March 1, 2018: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505144/computed-tomography-measured-psoas-density-predicts-outcomes-after-enterocutaneous-fistula-repair
#10
Wilson D Lo, David C Evans, Taehwan Yoo
BACKGROUND: Low muscle mass and quality are associated with poor surgical outcomes. We evaluated computed tomography (CT)-measured psoas muscle density as a marker of muscle quality and physiologic reserve and hypothesized that it predicts poor outcomes after enterocutaneous fistula repair (ECF). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients 18-90 years old with ECF who failed nonoperative management, requiring elective operative repair at The Ohio State University (2005-2016), and who received preoperative abdomen/pelvis CT scan with intravenous contrast within 3 months of the operation...
January 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455876/laser-ablation-facilitates-closure-of-chronic-enterocutaneous-fistulae
#11
Ravi N Srinivasa, Rajiv N Srinivasa, Joseph J Gemmete, Anthony N Hage, William Sherk, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick
This report describes the use of laser ablation for treatment of chronic enterocutaneous fistulae (ECFs) after failure of conservative therapy. Three patients underwent laser ablation for treatment of 8 ECFs. Mean duration of fistula patency was 28 months with mean fistula output of 134 mL/day. The initial technical success was 100% with no major or minor complications. Three ECFs required repeat treatment. At mean follow-up of 53 days, 7 of the fistulae were occluded. One fistula showed a markedly reduced output of 10 mL/day...
March 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448989/redefining-bowel-regimen-pharmacologic-strategies-and-nutritional-considerations-in-the-management-of-small-bowel-fistulas
#12
REVIEW
Sara E Parli, Carolyn Pfeifer, Douglas R Oyler, Barbara Magnuson, Levi D Procter
Enterocutaneous fistulae (ECF) and enteroatmospheric fistulae (EAF) are difficult complications that primarily arise after abdominal surgical procedures. Development of an ECF or EAF carries significant mortality and morbidity. Effective management of patients with these disease states requires a multidisciplinary approach, which includes surgical, pharmacotherapeutic, and nutritional interventions. This review focuses on the medical and nutritional management of ECF/EAF, providing background on drug agents and nutritional strategies that may be helpful in reducing effluent volume, optimizing fistula healing, and maintaining nutritional health...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428021/results-after-definitive-surgical-treatment-in-patients-with-enteroatmospheric-fistula
#13
Jose L Martinez, Enrique Luque-de-León, Luis Manuel Souza-Gallardo, Maricela Jiménez-López, Eduardo Ferat-Osorio
As enteroatmospheric fistulas (EAF) lack healthy overlying tissue, spontaneous healing is very unlikely. Our aim was to identify risk factors for recurrence and mortality after definitive surgical treatment for EAF. Sixty-two consecutive patients with a diagnosis of EAF were submitted to definitive surgical repair (fistula resection and primary anastomosis) during a 6-year period. Several patient, disease, and operative variables were assessed as risk factors associated to our endpoints: recurrence and mortality...
January 1, 2018: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427748/the-non-thyroidal-illness-syndrome-is-associated-with-postoperative-surgical-site-infections-in-enterocutaneous-fistulae
#14
Huajian Ren, Jianan Ren, Gefei Wang, Zhiwu Hong, Guosheng Gu, Jun Chen, Xiuwen Wu, Qiongyuan Hu, Guanwei Li
BACKGROUND: Non-thyroidal illness syndrome (NTIS) is common in critically ill patients and associated with adverse outcomes. Many enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) patients still suffer NTIS prior to definitive surgery. This study was designed to explore the association between preoperative NTIS and postoperative outcomes in ECF patients. METHODS: A total of 264 ECF patients who underwent definitive surgery from April 2014 to November 2016 were studied. Thyroid hormones were tested for each patient before surgery, and the patients were divided into two groups (NTIS group and euthyroid group) according to the presence of NTIS...
March 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388080/what-is-the-evidence-for-the-use-of-biologic-or-biosynthetic-meshes-in-abdominal-wall-reconstruction
#15
REVIEW
F Köckerling, N N Alam, S A Antoniou, I R Daniels, F Famiglietti, R H Fortelny, M M Heiss, F Kallinowski, I Kyle-Leinhase, F Mayer, M Miserez, A Montgomery, S Morales-Conde, F Muysoms, S K Narang, A Petter-Puchner, W Reinpold, H Scheuerlein, M Smietanski, B Stechemesser, C Strey, G Woeste, N J Smart
INTRODUCTION: Although many surgeons have adopted the use of biologic and biosynthetic meshes in complex abdominal wall hernia repair, others have questioned the use of these products. Criticism is addressed in several review articles on the poor standard of studies reporting on the use of biologic meshes for different abdominal wall repairs. The aim of this consensus review is to conduct an evidence-based analysis of the efficacy of biologic and biosynthetic meshes in predefined clinical situations...
April 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383245/spontaneous-closure-of-multiple-enterocutaneous-fistula-due-to-abdominal-tuberculosis-using-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-a-case-report
#16
Yuliardy Limengka, Wifanto S Jeo
Enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) is one of the most challenging abdominal complications, for surgeons and other healthcare members, which involves significant morbidity and potentially mortality. Despite advancements in both operative and non-operative therapy, fistula-related complications are still unavoidable. Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) had been used years to treat chronic wound, to decrease tissue edema, improve circulation, promote healthy granulation tissue and inhibit bacterial growth. We report a 29-year-old male with complicated ECF due to abdominal tuberculosis, that was healed after treated using NPWT...
January 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280707/successful-conservative-treatment-of-enterocutaneous-fistula-with-cyanoacrylate-surgical-sealant-case-report
#17
N Musa, F Aquilino, P Panzera, G Martines
AIM: Enterocutaneous (EC) fistula is an abnormal communication between the gastrointestinal tract and the skin. The majority of EC fistulas result from surgery. Only 15-25% of EC fistulas are spontaneous and they often result from underlying diseases such as Crohn's disease, radiation and chemotherapy. CASE REPORT: A 62-year old woman who, in 2012, underwent Pylorus-preserving cephalic pancreaticoduodenectomy (PPPD sec. Traverso-Longmire), due to an advanced pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (pT3N1M1)...
September 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276586/postoperative-enterocutaneous-fistula-principles-in-non-operative-approach
#18
E A Sule, M A Nzegwu, J C Okolo, R U Onyemekheia
Introduction: Postoperative enterocutaneous fistulae could constitute a challenge when they occur following an abdominal surgery. Astute application of correct principles in its management is essential for good outcomes. Methods: A retrospective review of records of patients with enterocutaneous fistulas managed non-operatively was done. Clinical assessment, anatomic and physiologic classification of fistula, fluid resuscitation, electrolyte correction, parenteral/enteral nutrition, antibiotic use and fistula effluent monitoring, formed the basis of management...
December 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260128/emergency-cases-following-elective-colonoscopy-iatrogenic-colonic-perforation
#19
Ebubekir Gündeş, Hüseyin Çiyiltepe, Ulaş Aday, Durmuş Ali Çetin, Aziz Serkan Senger, Orhan Uzun, Kamuran Cumhur Değer, Mustafa Duman, Erdal Polat
Objective: Our aim in this study was to present the cases of our patients who contracted colonic perforation during elective colonoscopy and became emergency cases; we also discuss treatment modalities along with literature reports on the subject. Material and Methods: Cases of patients who contracted iatrogenic colonic perforation following endoscopy of the colorectal system between January 2009 and December 2015 at Kartal Koşuyolu Yüksek İhtisas Training and Research Hospital's Endoscopy Unit were reviewed retrospectively...
2017: Turkish Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247365/full-thickness-skin-graft-vs-synthetic-mesh-in-the-repair-of-giant-incisional-hernia-a-randomized-controlled-multicenter-study
#20
L Clay, B Stark, U Gunnarsson, K Strigård
PURPOSE: Repair of large incisional hernias includes the implantation of a synthetic mesh, but this may lead to pain, stiffness, infection and enterocutaneous fistulae. Autologous full-thickness skin graft as on-lay reinforcement has been tested in eight high-risk patients in a proof-of-concept study, with satisfactory results. In this multicenter randomized study, the use of skin graft was compared to synthetic mesh in giant ventral hernia repair. METHODS: Non-smoking patients with a ventral hernia > 10 cm wide were randomized to repair using an on-lay autologous full-thickness skin graft or a synthetic mesh...
April 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
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