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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782402/understanding-conflict-management-styles-in-anesthesiology-residents
#1
Terrie Vasilopoulos, Christopher R Giordano, Jack D Hagan, Brenda G Fahy
BACKGROUND: Successful conflict resolution is vital for effective teamwork and is critical for safe patient care in the operating room. Being able to appreciate the differences in training backgrounds, individual knowledge and opinions, and task interdependency necessitates skilled conflict management styles when addressing various clinical and professional scenarios. The goal of this study was to assess conflict styles in anesthesiology residents via self- and counterpart assessment during participation in simulated conflict scenarios...
May 17, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781286/medical-therapy-versus-balloon-sinus-dilation-in-adults-with-chronic-rhinosinusitis-merlot-12-month-follow-up
#2
J Pablo Stolovitzky, Neelesh Mehendale, Keith E Matheny, William J Brown, Anthony A Rieder, Douglas R Liepert, Ewen Tseng, Andrew Gould
Background Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a devastating disease affecting nearly 30 million people in the United States. An interim analysis of data from the present study suggested that, in patients who had previously failed medical therapy, balloon sinus dilation (BSD) plus medical management (MM) provides a significant improvement in the quality of life (QOL) at 24 weeks postprocedure compared to MM alone. Objective The primary objective of this final analysis was to evaluate the durability of treatment effects through the 52-week follow-up...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777884/neurosurgical-management-of-self-inflicted-cranial-crossbow-injury
#3
Charles G Kulwin, Andrew DeNardo, Saad Khairi, Troy Payner
BACKGROUND: While gun-related penetrating traumatic brain injuries make up the majority of cranial missile injuries, low-velocity penetrating injuries present significant clinical difficulties that cannot necessarily be identically managed. Bow hunting is an increasingly popular pastime, and a crossbow allows a unique mechanism to cause a self-inflicted cranial injury with a large, low-velocity projectile. Historically, arrow removal is described in an operating room setting, which provides limited knowledge of the location of vascular injury in the setting of post-removal hemorrhage, and may represent an inefficient use of operating room availability...
May 16, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775606/ecmo-for-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-after-thoracoabdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#4
Subhasis Chatterjee, William Mulvoy, Ourania A Preventza, Kim I de la Cruz, Scott A LeMaire, Joseph S Coselli
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) after thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair poses a formidable challenge. Despite conventional maneuvers in the operating room, perioperative ARDS may require extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). We present 3 cases of successful ECMO for ARDS after TAAA repair and discuss management of anticoagulation and cerebrospinal fluid drains. Our experience suggests that ECMO is reasonable in selected patients after TAAA repair.
May 15, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774820/robotic-sacral-colpopexy
#5
Charles R Powell, Isamu Tachibana, Bridget Eckrich, Jeffrey Rothenberg, Jon Hathaway
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Robot-assisted sacral colpopexy (RASC) is a fast growing approach for surgeons treating patients with advanced stage pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Open abdominal sacral colpopexy has been the gold standard for advanced POP but requires longer hospital stays and a much larger incision. The indications, preoperative preparation, operative positioning, and operative steps are detailed, and an accompanying video shows the approach. METHODS: RASC can be broken down into 11 steps and the reader will be able to reference the article to the corresponding portion of the video...
May 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770174/a-simple-technique-to-prolong-molding-time-during-application-of-a-fiberglass-cast-an-in-vitro-study
#6
Mark Ayzenberg, Michael Narvaez, James Raphael
Casting is routinely used for acute and post-operative immobilization and remains a cornerstone in the non-operative management of fractures and deformities. The application of a properly fitted and wellmolded cast, especially for a trainee, can be challenging. We present a simple method of prolonging cure time of fiberglass cast - placing ice in the dip water. Eight-ply, fiveinch fiberglass cast was circumferentially applied to an aluminum-wrapped cardboard cylinder. An electronic, 2-channel temperature sensor (TR-71wf Temp Logger, T&D Corporation, Matsumoto, Japan), accurate to 0...
March 29, 2018: Orthopedic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762683/peri-procedural-routines-implantation-techniques-and-procedure-related-complications-in-patients-undergoing-implantation-of-subcutaneous-or-transvenous-automatic-cardioverter-defibrillators-results-of-the-european-snapshot-survey-on-s-icd-implantation-esss
#7
Radoslaw Lenarczyk, Serge Boveda, Kristina H Haugaa, Tatjana S Potpara, Pawel Syska, Ewa Jedrzejczyk-Patej, Michel Chauvin, Nicolas Sadoul, Nikolaos Dagres
The aim of this European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) prospective snapshot survey is to assess peri-procedural practices, implantation techniques, and short-term procedure-related complications associated with implantation of subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (S-ICD) or transvenous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (TV-ICD), across tertiary European electrophysiology centres. An internet-based electronic questionnaire concerning implantation settings, peri-procedural routines, techniques, personnel, complications, and patient outcomes was sent to the centres routinely implanting both TV-ICDs and S-ICDs...
May 11, 2018: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759280/overlapping-surgery-a-case-study-in-operating-room-throughput-and-efficiency
#8
REVIEW
Amanda J Morris, Joseph A Sanford, Edward J Damrose, Samuel H Wald, Bassam Kadry, Alex Macario
A keystone of operating room (OR) management is proper OR allocation to optimize access, safety, efficiency, and throughput. Access is important to surgeons, and overlapping surgery may increase patient access to surgeons with specialized skill sets and facilitate the training of medical students, residents, and fellows. Overlapping surgery is commonly performed in academic medical centers, although recent public scrutiny has raised debate about its safety, necessitating monitoring. This article introduces a system to monitor overlapping surgery, providing a surgeon-specific Key Performance Indicator, and discusses overlapping surgery as an approach toward OR management goals of efficiency and throughput...
June 2018: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756692/the-presence-of-elastic-compression-stockings-reduces-the-fluid-responsiveness-of-patients-in-the-operating-room
#9
Elie Zogheib, Julien Maizel, Nabil Cherradi, Ammar Benammar, Béatrice Labont, Abdel Hchikat, Michael Bernasinski, Faouzi Trojette, Michel Slama, Hervé Dupont
BACKGROUND: To investigate whether elastic compression stockings (ECS) can affect fluid responsiveness parameters before and during passive leg raising (PLR) maneuvers. METHODS: In the operating room (OR), we performed a prospective study including patients referred for cardiac surgery. Blood pressure (BP), ΔPP, heart rate (HR), central venous pressure (CVP), stroke volume (SV) and aortic blood flow (ABF) (by esophageal doppler) were measured according to four conditions: supine position without ECS (baseline 1), lower limbs raised to an angle of 45° (PLR 1), returned to the supine position with ECS (baseline 2), then a second PLR maneuver with ECS was performed (PLR 2)...
May 11, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756162/retrospective-analysis-of-mepivacaine-prilocaine-and-chloroprocaine-for-low-dose-spinal-anaesthesia-in-outpatient-perianal-procedures
#10
Volker Gebhardt, Kevin Kiefer, Dieter Bussen, Christel Weiss, Marc D Schmittner
PURPOSE: Perianal procedures are carried out in an outpatient setting regularly. The purpose of this retrospective analysis was to investigate the impact of different local anaesthetics (LA) for spinal anaesthesia (SPA) on operating room (OR) efficiency (perioperative process times, turnaround times) and postoperative recovery. This study aims on the determination of the optimal LA for low-dose SPA in the specific setting of a high-volume day-surgery centre. METHODS: Anaesthesia records of all patients undergoing perianal outpatient surgery under saddle-block SPA at the Mannheim University Medical Centre from 2008 until 2017 were analysed...
May 13, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750699/implementation-of-closed-loop-assisted-intra-operative-goal-directed-fluid-therapy-during-major-abdominal-surgery-a-case-control-study-with-propensity-matching
#11
Alexandre Joosten, Sean Coeckelenbergh, Amelie Delaporte, Brigitte Ickx, Jean Closset, Thierry Roumeguere, Luc Barvais, Luc Van Obbergh, Maxime Cannesson, Joseph Rinehart, Philippe Van der Linden
BACKGROUND: Goal-directed fluid therapy (GDFT) has been associated with improved patient outcomes. However, implementation of GDFT protocols remains low despite growing published evidence and the recommendations of multiple regulatory bodies in Europe. We developed a closed-loop-assisted GDFT management system linked to a pulse contour monitor to assist anaesthesiologists in applying GDFT. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of our closed-loop system in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery in an academic hospital without a GDFT programme...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750692/trainability-of-cricoid-pressure-force-application-a-simulation-based-study
#12
Eric Noll, Shivam Shodhan, Arnavi Varshney, Christopher Gallagher, Pierre Diemunsch, F Barry Florence, Jamie Romeiser, Elliott Bennett-Guerrero
BACKGROUND: Aspiration of gastric contents is a leading cause of airway management-related mortality during anesthesia practice. Cricoid pressure (CP) is widely used during rapid sequence induction to prevent aspiration. National guidelines for CP suggest a target force of 10 N before and 30 N after loss of consciousness. However, few studies have rigorously assessed whether clinicians can be trained to consistently achieve these levels of force. We hypothesized that clinicians can be trained effectively to deliver 10-30 N during application of CP...
May 9, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742579/congenital-calvarial-hemangioma
#13
Michal Brichacek, Abdul Naeem, Guido Filler, Robert Hammond, Arjang Yazdani, Adrianna Ranger
OBJECTIVES: The authors describe a case of congenital calvarial hemangioma successfully managed using propranolol therapy. Presenting symptoms, radiological and pathological features, differential diagnosis, and management of this rare congenital mass are described. CASE PRESENTATION: A 2-year-old boy presented with a 1-year history of a growing right parietal skull mass. No obvious etiology was apparent. No focal neurological deficits or associated craniofacial anomalies were identified...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736802/management-of-aortic-injury-during-minimally-invasive-lateral-lumbar-interbody-fusion
#14
REVIEW
Michael M Safaee, Devin Zarkowsky, Charles M Eichler, Murat Pekmezci, Aaron J Clark
PURPOSE: Minimally invasive lateral approaches to the lumbar spine allow for interbody fusion with good visualization of the disk space, minimal blood loss, and decreased length of stay. Major neurologic, vascular, and visceral complications are rare with this approach; however, the steps in management for severe vascular injuries are not well defined. We present a case report of aortic injury during lateral interbody fusion and discuss the use of endovascular repair. METHODS: This study is a case report of an intraoperative aortic injury...
May 7, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735290/incidence-timing-and-risk-factors-for-secondary-revision-after-primary-revision-of-traumatic-digit-amputations
#15
Andrew P Harris, Avi D Goodman, Joseph A Gil, Andrew D Sobel, Neill Y Li, Jeremy E Raducha, Grayson L Baird, Julia A Katarincic
PURPOSE: Primary revision amputation is the most common treatment method for traumatic digit amputations in the United States. Few studies have reported secondary revision rates after primary revision amputation. The primary aim of our study was to identify risk factors for secondary revision within 1 year of the index procedure. Secondarily, we describe the incidence and timing of complications requiring secondary revision. METHODS: Our institution's emergency department (ED) database was reviewed for traumatic digit amputations over a 6-year period...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733492/cognitive-training-for-technical-and-non-technical-skills-in-robotic-surgery-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
N Raison, K Ahmed, T Abe, O Brunckhorst, G Novara, N Buffi, C McIlhenny, H Van der Poel, M Van Hemelrijck, A Gavazzi, P Dasgupta
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of motor imagery (MI) for technical and non-technical skills (NTS) training in minimally invasive surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single blind, parallel group randomised controlled trial was conducted at the Vattikuti Institute of Robotic Surgery, King's College London. Novice surgeons were recruited by open invitation in 2015. Following basic robotic skills training, participants underwent simple randomisation to either MI training or standard training...
May 7, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728162/current-trends-in-practices-in-the-treatment-of-pediatric-unilateral-vocal-fold-immobility-a-survey-on-injections-thyroplasty-and-nerve-reinnervation
#17
Sarah Bouhabel, Christopher J Hartnick
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to poll pediatric otolaryngologists with a special interest in pediatric laryngology on their experience with injection medialization laryngoplasty (IML), thyroplasty, and reinnervation procedures in order to reflect on changing clinical practices. METHOD: A 10-items questionnaire was designed to inquire about current management practices in the treatment of symptomatic UVFI. The 59 members of an ASPO pediatric laryngology working group received the anonymous online survey...
June 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725895/the-self-regulating-nature-of-occupancy-in-icus-stochastic-homoeostasis
#18
Josephine Varney, Nigel Bean, Mark Mackay
As pressure on the health system grows, intensive care units (ICUs) are increasingly operating close to their capacity. This has led a number of authors to describe a link between admission and discharge behaviours, labelled variously as: 'bumping', 'demand-driven discharge', 'premature discharge' etc. These labels all describe the situation that arises when a patient is discharged to make room for the more acute arriving patient. This link between the admission and discharge behaviours, and other potential occupancy-management behaviours, can create a correlation between the arrival process and LOS distribution...
May 3, 2018: Health Care Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719324/increased-burden-on-metropolitan-urological-services-the-era-of-the-australian-national-emergency-access-targets-neat-or-the-4-h-target
#19
Marlon L Perera, Neiraja Gnaneswaran, Matthew J Roberts, Nathan Lawrentschuk, Peter Ritchie, Steven T F Chan
Background: The National Emergency Access Targets (NEAT) was introduced in Australia in 2011 and guides the clearance of presentations within 4-h of initial presentation from the Emergency Department (ED). We aim to assess the impact of the introduction of NEAT on acute urological services at a large metropolitan center. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed and data were collected from electronic patient management systems. The control group was represented by ED presentations between June and September 2011, 1 year prior to the introduction of NEAT...
April 2018: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716840/terrorist-attack-in-nice-the-experience-of-general-surgeons
#20
D Massalou, C Ichai, D Mariage, P Baqué
INTRODUCTION: After the attacks in Paris, France was again struck by terrorism in the city of Nice during the night of July 14, 2016. At 22:33 in the evening, a 19-ton truck drove into the crowd of holiday celebrators. The attack resulted in 458 wounded and 86 deaths. The purpose of this study was to describe the management of patients with abdominal trauma admitted alive in our institution, in the context of a massive influx of victims. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of the management of adults with abdominal trauma arising from the terrorist attack in Nice...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
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